Pain: Pain in the breasts and nipples, although indicative of several conditions and issues, can be a telltale sign of breast disease. When the pain accompanies such symptoms as nipple discharge, breast swelling or lumps, contact your physician.

Peeling of Skin: Peeling or flaking of the nipple skin, in conjunction with other indicative symptoms, is symptomatic of breast cancer and inflammatory breast cancer, according to the Mayo Clinic.

Lumps: Noticeable lumps in or surrounding breast tissue, such as underneath your arms, indicate both benign and malignant breast diseases. Lumps that come and go with a woman's menstrual cycle are normal hormonal occurrences, however, when lumps don't go away it may be indicative of malignant breast disease.

Swollen Lymph Nodes: lymph nodes under your arms, in your breasts and sometimes in your neck become swollen and hard when breast disease and other conditions are apparent. Lymph nodes swell to fight off infection, which is a normal function, but when the lymph nodes continue to swell without going down, contacting your doctor is necessary to make a diagnosis.

Signs and symptoms of eye disease are not only signals that something is amiss with your vision, they could also indicate ailments in other areas of your body. Indeed, many times an ophthalmologist can diagnose signs of such ailments as diabetes by a simple eye examination. Thus paying attention your eyes give can not only save your vision, but could also possibly save your life.

Bleeding Never ignore bleeding, especially in the eyes. According to the Nethealthbook website, bleeding is always cause for alarm. It could be that a blood vessel is hemmorrhaging. In the case of a person with diabetes, it could be diabetic retinopathy, in which blood leaks from brittle vessels. If an ophthalmologist does not evaluate that condition right away, it could lead to blindness.

Blind Spots: Blind spots could be an early sign of glaucoma. Sadly, often a patient doesn't even notice them until they invade his main area of vision. The Nethealthbook website notes that such spots could be an early sign of glaucoma. Evaluation by an eye doctor becomes key to avoiding irreversible blindness.

Blurred/Distorted Vision: Any change in vision is a sign that you should contact your ophtalmologist. This is true especially if you notice blurriness, distortion or clouding in any part of your vision. According to the Docshop website, it could be a common ailment such as astigmatism, which means that objects appear distorted because your cornea has assumed an abnormal shape. This could also be a sign of other common eye problems such as nearsightedness and farsightedness, which a pair of eyeglasses or contacts can fix.

Peripheral Vision Loss: According to the Docshop website, our peripheral vision is important in that it helps us discern danger from behind. Perhaps the best example of this is when you drive or ride a bicycle. You need to be able to see on either side of you. Thus if you notice a change in your side vision, go to an ophthalmologist and have them test the pressure behind your eyeballs; it could be glaucoma. If the doctor catches this early, he might be able to save your sight. By the time the disease causes pain, or that a significant amount of your vision is already gone, it is most likely too late.

Because there are many possible conditions that follow under the umbrella of heart disease, the related symptoms are numerous. But here are some key symptoms to be aware of:

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Realize that your sincere efforts will give you health beyond your expectations. Do not dwell upon your temporary discomforts. Instead, indulge in positive activity, such as exercise, gardening or helping others.

All symptoms will pass in time. The pain today will be a memory tomorrow. The discomforts you endure now mean an absence of suffering, later. You are healing yourself with your courage and wisdom. You have much to be thankful for.

Lymphoma is not difficult to diagnose once a patient and doctor begin to look for signs of cancer. However, Lymphoma–especially non-Hodgkin lymphoma–can be something of a silent killer.

Symptoms are frequently minor or nonexistent in the early stages and mimic symptoms of common, non-threatening illness.

Lymphoma symptoms are not specific to the disease. For this reason, it is very important that you tell your doctor during regular checkups about any symptoms that you might be experiencing including:

Swollen lymph nodes Lymphoma may cause swelling of lymph nodes in the neck, chest, abdomen and on the skin. Lymph nodes in the neck frequently swell in cases of sinus infection or can be symptomatic of the flu. But if they persist for a long time or occur apart from other sickness they might be cause for concern. Lymph node swelling in the armpits or abdomen might be cause for more immediate concern. Lymphoma may also cause swelling in the chest area which may interfere with breathing. Lymphomas of the skin often appear as itchy red or purple lumps. Swollen lymph nodes are usually tender and painful to some degree. However, in the case of non-Hodgkin lymphoma, lymph nodes might swell and become firm without any evident pain.

It should be noted that cat scratch disease can closely resemble lymphoma. It may come as a surprise to classic rock listeners to learn that "Cat Scratch Fever" is not just a Ted Nugent song but an actual illness more formally known as cat scratch disease or Bartonellosis. It is caused by a bacteria spread through contact with an infected cat and can result in lymph node infection. For more on cat scratch disease, please see this page from the CDC.

If you have one or more of these symptoms, and feel that they are part of an overall pattern sugesting lymphoma, you need to consult a physician as soon as possible.

For most people, preventive care is the most important weapon in the fight against lymphoma. Lymphoma is often diagnosed during routine exams, x-rays, or even during pregnancy. By having regular checkups and monitoring your overall health, you increase your chances of early diagnosis and, therefore, successful treatment.

Learn About Dehydration Causes, Treatment and Prevention

There are two types of dehydration that a person can experience: chronic dehydration and acute dehydration. Both types of dehydration can be caused by a variety of sources. The most common sources of dehydration are: flu, diarrhea, blood loss, vomiting, malnutrition and the most common problem of not replenishing liquids lost from sweating and urination.

The many signs and symptoms of dehydration most commonly start with excessive thirst, but may rapidly progress to more concerning troubles. The body will react to the need for water by giving of signs that you should recognize. The initial signs and symptoms of mild dehydration in adults start to appear when a person has lost approximately 2% of their total fluid. These mild dehydration symptoms may include but not limited to:

If fluid intake is not increased and the total loss reaches around 5%, the following effects of dehydration may be experienced:

  • Increased heart rate
  • Increased respiration
  • Decreased sweating
  • Decreased urination
  • Increased body temperature
  • Extreme fatigue
  • Muscle cramps
  • Headaches
  • Nausea
  • Tingling of the limbs

Soon, if the body approaches a 10% fluid loss, emergency help is needed IMMEDIATELY! This level of fluid loss can and is very dangerous and often fatal! Symptoms and signs of severe dehydration include:

  • Muscle spasms
  • Vomiting
  • Racing pulse
  • Shriveled skin
  • Dim vision
  • Painful urination
  • Confusion
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Seizures
  • Chest and Abdominal pain
  • Unconsciousness

Be aware that these are not the only signs and symptoms of severe dehydration that may be noticed, they are just the most commonly seen and experienced ones. The symptoms of dehydration will be different in each individual because the body is a complex network of systems and each person is unique. The age of an individual may also influence the manifestation of symptoms. The signs of dehydration in an infant or adolescent will not be the same as those experienced by a teenager, full grown adult or in an older person.

Always remember that dehydration prevention is the number one way to stop dehydration before it gets out of control - drink plenty of fluids and stay inside on extremely hot and humid days. Also be aware that heatstroke can come on rapidly when working outside.

Dehydration is caused by the loss of water so the best the treatment of dehydration to increase the intake of fluids. Also, when a person becomes dehydrated there may be a loss of electrolytes. Electrolytes are important for the electro-chemical reactions within cells and a decrease of electrolytes in the body may cause an interference of the chemical reactions needed for healthy cell operation. This can lead to a serious condition that may cause death in extreme cases. The two primary electrolytes that are need to be replenished are sodium and potassium salts. These may be found in the common sports drinks used by atheletes. Another source of electrolytes are the variety of pediatric hydration drinks designed for infants. A third source is fruits and vegetables and their juices. Electrolytes are also found in salty snacks and foods but be aware that eating any food while dehydrated may increase the dehydration since increased fluids are required for digestion.

If a person is showing minor symptoms of dehydration, give them plenty of water. Inform them to drink slowly, in small sips. Secondly, begin to replace electrolytes with the drinks mentioned above. If the electrolyte rich drinks are not available, slowly replenish the body's liquids with water and follow that up after symptoms have decreased with a small salty snack or a light meal.

If a person is showing some of the more severe symptoms of dehydration as listed above, call an ambulance immediately. He or she may be past the point where ingestion of the proper fluids will help; get them medical attention as soon as possible.

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Wenn Sie schon eine Grippe haben, können Sie ihrer Ausbreitung vorbeugen, indem Sie eine Ansteckung Ihrer Mitmenschen und somit neue Grippefälle vermeiden. Dazu ist es wichtig, dass Sie:

  • beim Niesen und Husten Ihre Nase und Ihren Mund bedecken (dabei nicht in die nackte Hand husten oder niesen, sondern z.B. in die Armbeuge),
  • sich regelmäßig die Hände waschen,
  • statt Stofftaschentüchern Papiertaschentücher verwenden und
  • benutzte Einweg-Papiertaschentücher direkt entsorgen.

Neben der Impfung gegen Grippe (Influenza) ist für bestimmte Personengruppen eine Pneumokokken-Schutzimpfung empfehlenswert, die einer Lungenentzündung durch Pneumokokken wirksam vorbeugen kann. Die Pneumokokken-Schutzimpfung ist wichtig für:

  • Menschen ab dem 60. Lebensjahr
  • Säuglinge bis zum 24. Lebensmonat
  • Kinder, Jugendliche und Erwachsene mit einer schweren Grunderkrankung

Zika virus infection is a mild febrile viral illness transmitted by mosquitoes. The mosquitoes that are able to transmit Zika virus are not normally found in New Zealand.

The following information on Zika virus infection is provided as it is an emerging disease.

  • 24 July 2017: We’ve updated the sections about Zika virus, Zika virus and pregnancy, sexual transmission of Zika virus, symptoms of Zika virus infection and laboratory testing.
  • 1 August 2016: We’ve added a page on Monitoring Zika virus in New Zealand.
  • 28 July 2016: We’ve updated the sections about Zika virus,Zika virus and pregnancy (in particular our advice for women who are planning to become pregnant soon after returning from Zika affected areas), symptoms of Zika virus infection, further information and laboratory testing. The interim guidance information for LMCs (midwives), GPs and other health professionals dealing with Zika virus in pregnancy has been similarly updated.
  • 4 July 2016: We've updated our advice for women who are pregnant or planning to become pregnant on travelling to Zika-affected areas.
  • 14 April 2016: We've released a new fact sheet for the public, talking about what we do and do not know about Zika virus at this stage.

Zika virus is a flavivirus, closely related to dengue. Cases of Zika virus have previously been reported in Africa, southern Asia and the Pacific Islands. In 2015 and 2016, Zika virus outbreaks have spread throughout the tropical and sub-tropical areas of the western hemisphere, as far north as Mexico, Florida and Puerto Rico.

Because Zika, dengue and chikungunya viruses are transmitted by mosquitoes mostly active during daytime, it's important that all travelers visiting affected areas continue to take protective measures to prevent mosquito bites throughout the day.

Zika virus infection is symptomatic in only about 1 out of every 5 cases. When symptomatic, Zika infection usually presents as an influenza-like syndrome, often mistaken for other arboviral infections like dengue or chikungunya.

New Zealand currently has 15 mosquito species. The mosquito species (Aedes sp.) that are able to spread Zika virus are not normally found in New Zealand however they are found in many other countries around the world.

A national mosquito surveillance programme has been operating for some years at New Zealand's international points of entry (ports and airports). The ports and airports are monitored regularly throughout the year to ensure the early detection and elimination of any exotic mosquitoes.

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I know that it's no way to live, but I'd be quietly making plans to get the heck out of there without him/her ever suspecting a thing, and then I'd run as fast as I could and never look back, unless I had the evidence to prosecute him or her! No person is worth risking you or your children's lives over!

Leave so you can regain your peace of mind and live a long happy life before you lose it over some crazy lunatic! It's not worth sticking around to try to figure it out someone who's half-mad!

And lastly, don't buy into letting any cop or desk sergeant sit back and make you think you're crazy. It's your life, not theirs, so if you find yourself pleading for them to listen to you and you can see they're like a deer in headlights or they're looking at you like you've got two heads, tell them to go find another job, because they're certainly not any good at the one they're doing.

In other words, don't let it bother you, because what I found is that not only do they not have the resources to investigate these matters, more than likely, they don't have the knowledge or training to do it. And they're not about to do anything other than waste your time and irritate you more, so don't bother with them and do what you have to do, yourself.

36) My girlfriend has been poisoning me for the past three years. She was hired by others to kill me for business reasons. I have to set up a trap for her but I don't know how to do that. Be aware of pretty girls. Some of them have an agenda.

35) I have all of these and more. Thrombocytopenia too (low blood platelets), which is also a symptom.

I left my boyfriend last week, and after not being with him for almost two days, I had so much energy. I literally had about 30 symptoms (some verified by a doctor's test) and I seem fine now. My twin thinks he was poisoning me.

My eyes are clear for the first time in over a year. They would look so bloodshot that I looked stoned. I was getting vertigo and dizzy spells so severely I had to almost stop driving all together, but I am driving everywhere now, and nothing. I feel like a million dollars.

34) I was just diagnosed with aneamia -- low red blood cells. My doctor thinks I may be losing blood internally. I used to work for an aluminum recycling plant where levels of arsenic were very high. It was impossible not to breathe in the dust and fumes at this plant, let alone the smell of ammonium nitrate from the wet byproduct from the furnaces. It's been six months since I've worked there and I still have that metal taste in my mouth. I'm concerned that I may have arsenic poisoning.

33) For sure, my father in law has been poisoned and we are pretty sure it was through his milk, but after reading this, I'm wondering if it has been going on longer.

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With swine flu claiming so many lives across the nation it is little tricky to give a straight answer to such a simple question. However, there is a fair amount of chance to recover from the flu if tr

With swine flu claiming so many lives across the nation it is little tricky to give a straight answer to such a simple question. However, there is a fair amount of chance to recover from the flu if treatment and care can be provided on time and during the initial phase soon after contracting the viral infection.

‘One must realise that unlike other viral diseases like leptospirosis, malaria, dengue where the entire immune system and all major organs have to face the wrath of the virus, in case of swine flu, the immunity of a person is suppressed and only the lung function is affected, although to a great extent. So, recovery of a patient from swine flu largely depends on the extent of lung damage one has faced due to the virus,’ says Dr Prakash Jiandani, director of critical care unit, Wockhardt Hospital, South Mumbai. In some rare cases of swine flu, it can also lead to cardiac arrest and brain damage. But most of the time, a life is lost battling a respiratory infection because of swine flu and it doesn’t reach to that extreme. Here is all that you need to know about the treatment and medication of swine flu.

Lines of treatment

In case of swine flu, the first line of treatment is antiviral therapy given either by oral suspension or in capsule form. If a patient fails to recover with oral medications the second line of treatment would be to start on ventilation. ‘The idea of starting a patient suffering with moderate to severe symptoms of swine flu on ventilation, is done to restore oxygen supply in the blood and revive lung function. However, one must realise that even best ventilation mechanisms can help patients only to a certain extent. If the damage done to the lungs is beyond any repair, then even the best of supportive care provided would fail to help one survive any longer,’ informs Dr Jiandani. Here are the symptoms of swine flu you should know about.

Prevention is better than cure

This is the reason why preventing a bout of swine flu is more important than treating it. ‘It is necessary to take steps early and visit the doctor if you develop any symptoms of the seasonal flu. However, not all the healthy individual with cold and cough needs to be treated for swine flu. One should be diagnosed carefully for the symptoms, especially those who fall under the risk group, like people suffering from High BP, diabetes or the elderly,’ says Dr Jiandani. Here are 15 tips for everyone to prevent a bout of swine flu.

Oral antiviral medication, when given within 48 hours after experiencing the symptoms can help one recover fast. However, if it delays recovery then oxygen therapy with proper ventilation goes in long way to resurrect lung function. ‘High frequency ventilation or extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) can help patients recover from the symptoms of flu,’ says Dr Jiandani. (Read: IMA guidelines to tackle swine flu (H1N1 influenza) in India)

If treatment and medications are given on time without much delay then for a healthy individual it might take around 48 to 75 hours to get relief from the symptoms and five to seven days to recover completely from the flu. ‘General fatigue and weakness might be persistent for a week or two which would settle with proper rest, care and healthy diet,’ says Dr Jiandani. (Read: Prevent swine flu with these 10 dos and don’ts)

wiseGEEK: What are the Symptoms of Arsenic Poisoning?

There are many different symptoms of arsenic poisoning ranging from the relatively benign to the potentially life-threatening. Headaches and persistent tingling in the hands and feet are some of the earliest signs of exposure, and prolonged contact often leads to striped, discolored, and brittle fingernails. Stomach cramps, bowel trouble, and difficulty breathing are also common, and in extreme cases people can experience cardiac arrest, blood disorders, and liver failure. The intensity and severity of symptoms is usually driven by how much of the poison a person has ingested as well as its potency.

Persistent headaches are some of the most common symptoms. Usually these start out as relatively light and are typically centered behind one or both eyes. Painkillers will often dull discomfort for a time, but in most cases the ache returns just as soon as the medication has worn off. This is a particularly common complaint of people who are being slowly exposed to small amounts of arsenic over time, whether through tainted water, accidental ingestion, or intentional poisoning.

Another common complaint in arsenic poisoning cases is a subtle tingling or numbness, usually in the hands and feet. The sensation tends to come and go, but often grows more intense and disconcerting over time. People who suffer from long-term poisoning often say that their extremities constantly feel as though they are “asleep.” More general tenderness and sensitivity, particularly in the arms and legs, is also common.

Unusually dry, cracked, and discolored finger and toenails are a classic sign of arsenic ingestion. People with this symptom often complain of nails that seem to suddenly develop pronounced white or brown stripes that darken over time and become very brittle and prone to peeling. These effects can be long lasting, even after exposure has ended.

A number of problems related to the bowels and gastrointestinal tract are common, too. Stomach cramping, extreme constipation, and bloating happen in many patients, while others may experience vomiting, diarrhea, and general feelings of nausea. Once arsenic is in the blood, it tends to inflame many of the body’s most sensitive tissues; the intestines are often some of the most impacted. These sorts of symptoms typically go away once the poison has left the body.

The throat, lungs, and bronchial tissues are also relatively sensitive and can be damaged by the compound, which can lead to a range of breathing problems. Wheezing and shortness of breath are common, but a hoarse, raspy voice and difficulty swallowing can also be present. Sometimes the spit turns yellowish, too, and saliva may dry up. People with this symptom often have a tinny, metallic taste in their mouth, and frequently complain of garlicky breath. Extreme thirst sometimes also accompanies these symptoms.

Most symptoms of arsenic poisoning are unpleasant and can lead to deteriorated health over time, but they can sometimes also be immediately threatening. People who ingest high doses of the substance have been known to go into shock, which can lead to cardiac arrest — essentially a heart attack — or stroke. Organ failure is another possible consequence, particularly where the liver and kidneys are concerned.

Most symptoms of arsenic poisoning are also symptoms of a number of other conditions and diseases, which can make getting the right diagnosis somewhat challenging. Doctors and medical professionals usually advise people who suspect they’ve been poisoned to chart their symptoms over time, making note of how long symptoms last, when they began and ended, and their intensity. Anything that seems out of the ordinary and lasts for more than a day or two is usually something that experts say should be evaluated.

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Die Influenza-Welle ebbt bereits wieder ab – doch noch immer schnupfen oder husten sich viele Menschen durch die kalte Jahreszeit. Doch wo beginnt eine Grippe – und hört eine Erkältung auf? Und was ist, wenn ich gar kein Fieber habe?

Grundsätzlich gilt: Eine Grippe wird durch Viren ausgelöst und beginnt meist urplötzlich. "Normalerweise fühlt man sich am Morgen noch gesund und hat abends plötzlich 39 oder 40 Grad Fieber", erklärt Infektiologe Peter Walger vom Berufsverband Deutscher Internisten gegenüber der Welt. Viele Betroffene leiden zudem an heftigen Kopf- und Gliederschmerzen sowie Schüttelfrost und fühlen sich zudem elend und schlapp – und das teilweise über Wochen oder sogar Monate. Weitere Symptome sind:

  • Appetitlosigkeit
  • Starke Müdigkeit
  • Hohes Fieber von 38 bis 40 Grad Celsius
  • Muskelschmerzen im ganzen Körper
  • Trockener Husten ohne Schleim
  • Verstopfte oder laufende Nase

Sein Tipp: Besser sofort für ein paar Tage das Bett hüten. Schließlich ist mit Influenza nicht zu spaßen – und ganz wichtig: Nicht das Trinken vergessen. Ärzte raten gesunden Menschen bereits, eineinhalb bis zwei Liter durchschnittlich zu trinken. Wenn Sie allerdings krank sind, sind es nochmal bedeutend mehr. "Bei Fieber kann der Körper schnell zusätzlich zwei Liter Flüssigkeit verlieren", warnt Walger. Viel Wasser und Tee sind hier die beste Wahl.

Zudem rät der Experte, wenn der Schmerz nicht mehr aushaltbar ist, zu Ibuprofen & Co. zu greifen. Doch Vorsicht: Die Dosis macht das Gift. Am besten nur so viel nehmen wie nötig. Von Kombipräparaten rät der Infektiologe allerdings ab: "Bei diesem Mix sind wichtige und unwichtige Einzelwirkstoffe drin, da ist eine richtige Dosierung unmöglich."

Und auch von Antibiotika hält Walger nicht viel: "Antibiotika machen weder bei Erkältungen noch bei Grippe einen Sinn, sie wirken gegen Viren nicht." Sie machen seines Erachtens nur dann Sinn, wenn zusätzlich zu den Viren noch eine bakterielle Infektion kommt. Dann spricht man von einer sogenannten Superinfektion, die den geschwächten Körper zusätzlich belastet.

Erkältung: Ebbt schnell ab - und es droht kein Fieber

Viele Betroffene verwechseln allerdings Grippe und Erkältung miteinander, da sich die Symptome sehr ähneln. Doch eine Erkältung kann bis zu viermal im Jahr auftreten. Auch diese wird durch Viren ausgelöst - allerdings sind es unterschiedliche Virentypen - und auch hier treten Schnupfen, Halsschmerzen und Kopfweh auf.

Doch es gibt einen gravierenden Unterschied: Eine Erkältung beginnt sehr langsam und ebbt meist auch wieder nach ein paar Tagen ab. Zudem "beeinträchtigt sie zwar die Befindlichkeit, aber man ist nicht schwer krank", so Walger. Außerdem ist hierbei das wichtigste Kriterium nicht vorhanden: das Fieber. Das bedeutet konkret: Wer erkältet ist, wird davon glücklicherweise verschont. Wenn Sie allerdings bereits unter hohem Fieber leiden, dann sollten Sie am besten schnell einen Arzt aufsuchen. Das gilt besonders für:

  • Senioren
  • Menschen mit Herz-Kreislauf-Erkrankungen
  • Menschen mit Lungenkrankheiten
  • Diabetiker
  • Menschen mit schwachem Immunsystem
  • Kleinkinder

Wer nicht zur Risikogruppe gehört, aber mit Verdacht auf Grippe zusätzlich unter Atemnot, Kreislaufstörungen oder sogar Schwindel leidet, sollte ebenfalls einen Arzt aufsuchen. Das gilt übrigens auch für diejenigen, die eine langanhaltende Erkältung plagt oder nach ein paar Tagen ein neuer Schub kommt. Schließlich könnte sich dahinter sogar eine Lungenentzündung verbergen. Doch auch andere Organe könnten betroffen sein:

Studie überrascht: Jeder fünfte Grippe-Infizierte zeigt gar keine Symptome

Dagegen erstaunt eine Studie des Lancet Respiratory Medicine von 2014 – die besagt, dass sich während einer Grippewelle jeder Fünfte mit Influenza-Viren ansteckt. Doch jetzt kommt der Hammer: Die meisten wissen es nicht einmal, da sie gar keine Symptome haben. Das Team um Andrew Hayward vom University College London konnte nachweisen, dass es sich sogar um drei Viertel der Infizierten handelt. Daher sollen auch nur einige wenige "Unglückliche" in der Folge zum Arzt gegangen sein.

Und das ist auch richtig so – eine Influenza ist schließlich eine ernstzunehmende Erkrankung, die bei Komplikationen am Ende sogar tödlich enden kann. Daher macht es auch Sinn, dass es gegen die "echte" Grippe eine Impfung gibt – gegen Erkältung nicht. Der Impfstoff unterscheidet sich dabei von Jahr zu Jahr, je nachdem, welche Grippeviren gerade im Umlauf sind.

Being Deficient in Iodine Affects Thyroid Function

Iodine is an essential mineral. It is a non-metal that is only needed in small, trace amounts in the body but it must be present in the right amount.

The primary role of iodine in the body is to serve as one of the ingredients in the syntheses of thyroid hormones.

The two major thyroid hormones are thyroxine or T4 and triiodothyronine or T3.

While T3 contains 3 iodine atoms, T4 contains 4 of them. Therefore, 65% of the molecular weight of T4 is due to iodine but 59% of the weight of T3 is iodine.

Even though iodine is most known as a precursor of thyroid hormones, most of the iodine in the body is actually outside the thyroid gland and the hormones released from it. 70% of the iodine ingested into the body can be found in the tissues of the mammary glands, salivary glands, thymus glands, walls of blood vessels, eyes, cervix and the mucosal surface of the mouth and gastrointestinal tract.

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Chest Pain or Chest Discomfort: Few symptoms are more alarming than chest pain. In the minds of many people, chest pain equals heart pain. And while many other conditions can cause chest pain, cardiac disease is so common - and so dangerous - that the symptom of chest pain should never be dismissed out of hand as being insignificant. "Chest pain" is an imprecise term. It is often used to describe any pain, pressure, squeezing, choking, numbness or any other discomfort in the chest, neck, or upper abdomen, and is often associated with pain in the jaw, head, or arms. It can last from less than a second to days or weeks, can occur frequently or rarely, and can occur sporadically or predictably. This description of chest pain is obviously very vague, and as you might expect, many medical conditions aside from heart disease can produce symptoms like this.

Lightheadedness or Dizziness: Episodes of lightheadedness or dizziness can have many causes, including anemia (low blood count) and other blood disorders, dehydration, viral illnesses, prolonged bed rest, diabetes, thyroid disease, gastrointestinal disturbances, liver disease, kidney disease, vascular disease, neurological disorders, dysautonomias, vasovagal episodes, heart failureand cardiac arrhythmias. Because so many different conditions can produce these symptoms, anybody experiencing episodes of lightheadedness or dizziness ought to have a thorough and complete examination by a physician. And since disorders of so many organ systems can cause these symptoms, a good general internist or family doctor may be the best place to start.

Syncope (Fainting/Loss of Consciousness): Syncope is a sudden and temporary loss of consciousness, or fainting. It is a common symptom - most people pass out at least once in their lives - and often does not indicate a serious medical problem. However, sometimes syncope indicates a dangerous or even life-threatening condition, so when syncope occurs it is important to figure out the cause.

Fatigue, Lethargy or Daytime Sleepiness: Fatigue, lethargy or somnolence (daytime sleepiness) are very common symptoms. Fatigue or lethargy can be thought of as an inability to continue functioning at one's normal levels. Somnolence implies, in addition, that one either craves sleep - or worse, finds oneself suddenly asleep, a condition known as narcolepsy - during the daytime. While fatigue and lethargy can be symptoms of heart disease (particularly, of heart failure), these common and non-specific symptoms can also be due to disorders of virtually any other organ system in the body. Similar to lightheadedness and dizziness, individuals with fatigue and lethargy need a good general medical evaluation in order to begin pinning down a specific cause. Somnolence is often caused by nocturnal sleep disorders such as sleep apnea, restless leg syndrome or insomnia. All these sleep disturbances, however, are more common in patients with heart disease.

Treatment of the Common Cold in Children and Adults

JULIA FASHNER, MD; KEVIN ERICSON, MD; and SARAH WERNER, DO, St. Joseph Family Medicine Residency, Mishawaka, Indiana

Am Fam Physician. 2012 Jul 15;86(2):153-159.

Patient information: See related handouts on treating the common cold in adults and in children, written by the authors of this article.

The common cold, or upper respiratory tract infection, is one of the leading reasons for physician visits. Generally caused by viruses, the common cold is treated symptomatically. Antibiotics are not effective in children or adults. In children, there is a potential for harm and no benefits with over-the-counter cough and cold medications; therefore, they should not be used in children younger than four years. Other commonly used medications, such as inhaled corticosteroids, oral prednisolone, and Echinacea, also are ineffective in children. Products that improve symptoms in children include vapor rub, zinc sulfate, Pelargonium sidoides (geranium) extract, and buckwheat honey. Prophylactic probiotics, zinc sulfate, nasal saline irrigation, and the herbal preparation Chizukit reduce the incidence of colds in children. For adults, antihistamines, intranasal corticosteroids, codeine, nasal saline irrigation, Echinacea angustifolia preparations, and steam inhalation are ineffective at relieving cold symptoms. Pseudoephedrine, phenylephrine, inhaled ipratropium, and zinc (acetate or gluconate) modestly reduce the severity and duration of symptoms for adults. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and some herbal preparations, including Echinacea purpurea, improve symptoms in adults. Prophylactic use of garlic may decrease the frequency of colds in adults, but has no effect on duration of symptoms. Hand hygiene reduces the spread of viruses that cause cold illnesses. Prophylactic vitamin C modestly reduces cold symptom duration in adults and children.

The common cold, or upper respiratory tract infection, usually is caused by one of several respiratory viruses, most commonly rhinovirus. These viruses, which concentrate in nasal secretions, are easily transmitted through sneezing, coughing, or nose blowing. Signs and symptoms of the common cold include fever, cough, rhinorrhea, nasal congestion, sore throat, headache, and myalgias.

Antibiotics should not be used for the treatment of cold symptoms in children or adults.

Over-the-counter cough and cold medications should not be used in children younger than four years because of potential harms and lack of benefit.

Treatment with buckwheat honey, Pelargonium sidoides (geranium) extract (Umcka Coldcare), nasal saline irrigation, vapor rub, or zinc sulfate may decrease cold symptoms in children.

Codeine is not effective for cough in adults.

Antihistamine monotherapy (sedating and nonsedating) does not improve cold symptoms in adults.

Decongestants, antihistamine/decongestant combinations, and intranasal ipratropium (Atrovent) may improve cold symptoms in adults.

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    Swollen legs, ankles, or feet

    Difficulty thinking and focusing

    Feeling down or depressed

    Trouble remembering things

    Slower speech or movement

    Swollen thyroid gland

    *This is not a comprehensive list of symptoms.

    Keep in mind that just because you may have some of the above symptoms, it doesn’t mean you have hypothyroidism. Listen to your body. If something doesn’t feel right, be sure to make a note of it. Keep a record of any symptoms you might be experiencing and let the doctor know about them at your next scheduled visit.

    The Symptom Profiler can help you record your symptoms. Remember, everyone is different. Some people with hypothyroidism experience only a few mild symptoms, or sometimes, no symptoms at all. If you think you might have hypothyroidism, talk with your doctor. He or she will be able to give you a proper diagnosis. But realize that even after proper diagnosis and care plan, it’s important to maintain a partnership with your doctor.


    Have some male herpes symptoms?

    Most men don't deal well with the reality of male genital herpes!

    So they will either deny that they have any herpes symptoms or they will procrastinate going to get TESTED for herpes.

    Men can be pretty bad about asking for help and going to the doctor. It's in our nature to try to figure it out ourselves. Not a good idea with herpes.

    You'll go crazy trying to figure out if you have herpes by yourself!

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    Melmed Gil. Vaccination Strategies for Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease on Immunomodulators and Biologics. Inflamm Bowel Dis Vol 15 num 9, Sept 2009

    Ying Lu, Jacobson Denise, Bousvaros Athos. Immunizations in Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease. Inflamm Bowel Dis Vol 15 num 9, Sept 2009

    January 8, 2011 Posted by Andrew

    Flu vs Food Poisoning

    Flu and food poisoning both have common symptoms such as nausea, vomiting and diarrhoea. The flu is an illness caused by RNA viruses which infect your respiratory system. There are variants of these flu viruses which cause gastrointestinal disturbances mentioned above. The common term ‘stomach flu’ for this condition is actually a misnomer. The condition is called viral gastroenteritis.

    The common food poisoning is usually less sever but in some cases fatal. Both have the same symptoms which make them difficult to diagnose even for physicians.


    The true flu viruses affect the respiratory system and cause symptoms similar to that of common cold. The symptoms usually pertain to the respiratory system and occasionally become fatal. The stomach flu is caused by viruses different from the influenza viruses and result in gastrointestinal disturbances.

    Viral gastroenteritis occurs due to the exposure to the virus due to poor sanitation or by ingesting contaminated food. It can be considered as a kind of food poisoning since in majority of the cases, the virus gains entry into the system through food. The treatment is same for both the conditions. Keep hydrated and take plenty of rest.

    Food Poisoning

    Food poisoning is less severe in most cases but can become fatal in exceptions. The symptoms usually include stomach pain, nausea, abdominal cramps, diarrhoea and vomiting. The symptoms usually have a sudden outburst after the ingestion of food. In most cases it affects all or most of the people who have consumed the contaminated food and the symptoms appear in a short time.

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    If this is all part of the withdrawl, I will deal with it as well as all the other withdrawal symptoms. But this one hell of a ride I never want to experience again.

    I have been taking Lexapro for about 10 years because I have depression. my doctor wants me so stop taking it and put me on something else because I now have I also have P.D.S.D now. do you know if I will go crazy and bring my self to the edge of suicide like I was before I was taking it.

    My primary care doctor started me on 10mg Lexapro. I had numerous side effects, which included an intense hot flash in the first week or so of taking the medicine. I also had 3 itchy welts form on my chest region, the doctor told me to stop taking the Lexapro after I told him about the itchy welts. I felt tingling and electric type shocking throughout my body. I couldn't sleep well at times, and had some very intense scary thoughts and heightened sensation to commit suicide. After noticing the itchy welts, I decided to stop the Lexapro. It made me feel the way I hoped it would a good bit of the time, but it was not worth all the other feelings it induced. I cut back to 5mg for the last week to taper myself off, knowing that was the best way to stop meds. I told my doctor about the itchy welts after I dropped to the 5mg the last week, that's when he told me to stop taking the Lexapro. I said (knowing I already had begun that process) should I quit slowly, he said no, stop it immediately. I am afraid to take any medications these days, I have trouble with the trusting, especially considering the precarious side effects. I hope this was helpful in some small way.

    I was recently switched from Prozac to lexapro. About three months. My dr recently upped my dose from 10mg to 20mg even after I told him how itchy and restless I've become. I am covered in hives daily. Feel like I can't relax and constantly shake my leg or foot.. Thought I was just crazy until reading these posts! I have literally scratched my arms legs and hands raw. Grrrrrrrr!! And the dreams are the worst to boot. Now reading about the withdrawal symptoms scares me. Facing a lot in my life soon and really need the extra help, but not sure what to do now.

    I was on lexapro for about a year. It really helped my anxiety but the downside was I gained 25 pounds. I was constantly eating when I was not hungry and craving sweets. I had no energy to do anything and would come home from work and by go to the sofa. I finally decided I couldn't gain anymore weight and discussed it with my Dr. He advised I wean off of it gradually. I was on 20mg and instead of taking it every day I took it every other day for 3 weeks. Then I dropped it to 10 mg every other day for a week. I was ok for about 5 days. Then I started crying over nothing and getting irritable. Then it got worse. I was blowing up screaming at my husband over things that would normally not bother me. Having temper fits, throwing things, or sobbing over the least little stress. I have a long commute to work and road rage was scary. After a week of this I went back to Dr.and he put me on low dose of Welbutrin to be increased after 2 weeks. After a few days I started to calm down some. After 10 days I still cry easily and get irritated with any little stress but I am able to control myself.

    I took 10mg of lexapro for 7 years for panic attacks.Except for 13 pounds of weight gain I felt great.

    Six month ago I decided wean of to loose the weight.No problem!

    I lost my excess weight within 3 weeks and felt great without any side effects.That lasted 4 month and when my brother died 2 month ago my panic attacks came back worse than ever.

    After weeks of misery I am back on lexapro and feel good again.

    I guess I will take it for the rest of my live.

    After becoming rather sick I visited an urgent care facility where the doctor, without notifying her of my past diagnosis of depression and GAD, prescribed me a prescription of a months worth of 20mg Lexapro. I am newish to the area and have a hard time actually sitting down and doing things like finding a primary care physician or psychiatrist so I have neither at the moment sadly. After finally finding a doctor the earliest they can get me in is July, needless to say I can barely function around people. I am an emotional mess, I constantly get dizzy and the frequency of the brain zaps is almost debilitating. I have almost been getting random numbness and a needle like sensation throughout my left side of my body. I also haven't slept well in the past week since the end of my prescription. If I had known I wouldn't have been able to find a doctor with earlier openings I wouldn't have started taking it. This is ridiculous and I can barely function at work due to the withdrawals symptoms, which have also put a strain on my relationships with my significant other as well as my roommates.

    I have been taking Lexapro 20 mg for about 9 years. I began experiencing extreme irritability, anger and frustration. My doctor began weaning me off and adding Zoloft. That didn't work. Now my doctor is taking me down to 10 mg every day and 100 Wellbutrin. The ringing in my head is horrible. It hasn't stopped for 2 weeks. Has anyone else experienced this withdrawal symptom?

  • combien est levitra 20mg coût

    Les tests de diagnostic rapide de la grippe sont utilisés en milieu clinique mais présentent une sensibilité moindre par rapport aux méthodes de RT PCR et leur fiabilité est fortement tributaire des conditions d’emploi.

    Les patients atteints de grippe saisonnière sans complications

    Les patients qui ne font pas partie d’un groupe à haut risque devraient recevoir un traitement symptomatique et rester chez eux afin de minimiser le risque d’infecter la collectivité. Le traitement consiste à soulager les symptômes de la grippe comme la fièvre. Les patients devraient suivre par eux mêmes l’évolution de la situation afin de déceler si leur état se détériore et de consulter. Les patients dont on sait qu’ils risquent fortement de développer une maladie grave ou des complications (voir ci dessus) devraient être traités dans les meilleurs délais par des antiviraux en plus du traitement symptomatique.

    Les patients souffrant de maladie grave ou de maladie clinique évolutive liée à une infection grippale suspectée ou confirmée (syndromes cliniques de pneumonie, d’état septique ou d’aggravation d’une maladie chronique latente) devraient être traités par des antiviraux dans les meilleurs délais.

    • Les inhibiteurs de la neuraminidase (oseltamivir) devraient être prescrits le plus tôt possible (idéalement, dans les 48 heures qui suivent l’apparition des symptômes) afin d’optimiser les bienfaits thérapeutiques. L’administration du médicament devrait aussi être envisagée chez les patients consultant plus tardivement c’est à dire pendant la maladie.
    • Le traitement est recommandé pour un minimum de cinq jours, mais peut-être prolongé jusqu’à ce qu’il y ait une amélioration clinique satisfaisante.
    • Les corticostéroïdes ne devraient pas être utilisés de manière systématique à moins qu’ils ne soient indiqués pour d’autres raisons (par exemple pour le traitement de l’asthme et d’autres affections spécifiques), car leur utilisation a été associée à une élimination virale prolongée et à une immunosuppression entraînant une surinfection bactérienne ou fongique.
    • Tous les virus grippaux actuellement en circulation sont résistants aux antiviraux appartenant à la classe des adamantanes (par exemple, l’amantadine et le rimantadine), dont l’administration par monothérapie n’est donc pas recommandée.

    Le système mondial OMS de surveillance de la grippe et de riposte (GISRS) surveille la résistance aux antiviraux parmi les virus grippaux en circulation afin de fournir des orientations en temps opportun concernant l’utilisation des antiviraux dans la prise en charge clinique et éventuellement dans la chimioprophylaxie.

    Le moyen le plus efficace de se prémunir contre la maladie est la vaccination. Des vaccins sûrs et efficaces existent et sont utilisés depuis plus de 60 ans. L’immunité que procure la vaccination s’estompe à travers le temps; c’est pourquoi la vaccination annuelle est préconisée pour se protéger contre la grippe. L’injection de vaccins antigrippaux inactivés est très répandue dans le monde entier.

    Chez les adultes en bonne santé, le vaccin antigrippal assure une protection même lorsque les virus en circulation ne correspondent pas exactement à ceux du vaccin. Chez les personnes âgées, en revanche, le vaccin antigrippal peut être moins efficace pour prévenir la maladie mais amoindrit sa gravité et l’incidence des complications et des décès. La vaccination est particulièrement importante pour les personnes présentant un risque élevé de complications grippales et pour celles qui vivent avec des sujets à haut risque ou qui s’en occupent.

    L’OMS recommande la vaccination annuelle pour:

    • les femmes enceintes à n'importe quel stade de leur grossesse;
    • les enfants de 6 mois à 5 ans;
    • les personnes âgées (à partir de 65 ans);
    • les personnes souffrant d’affections chroniques;
    • les agents de santé.

    La vaccination contre la grippe est surtout efficace lorsque les virus vaccinaux correspondent bien aux virus en circulation. Comme les virus grippaux évoluent constamment, le système mondial OMS de surveillance de la grippe et de riposte (GISRS) ‒ réseau réunissant les centres nationaux de la grippe et les centres collaborateurs de l’OMS dans le monde entier ‒ surveille continuellement les virus grippaux qui circulent chez l’être humain et actualise deux fois par an la composition des vaccins grippaux.

    Depuis de nombreuses années, l’OMS met à jour ses recommandations sur la composition du vaccin (trivalent) qui cible les 3 types de virus en circulation les plus représentatifs (2 sous-types du virus A et 1 virus du type B). Depuis la saison grippale 2013 2014 survenue dans l’hémisphère Nord, les recommandations portent aussi sur l’adjonction d’un quatrième élément entrant dans la composition de vaccins quadrivalents.