Wenn Sie sich eine Grippe eingefangen haben, müssen Sie sich ausgiebig schonen, um Komplikationen vorzubeugen. Durch die Infektion ist nämlich das Immunsystem geschwächt und somit anfälliger für andere Erreger wie beispielsweise Bakterien. Damit es nicht zu einer gefährlichen Sekundärinfektion kommt, ist genügend Ruhe bis zur völligen Ausheilung der Grippe extrem wichtig.
Die Inkubationszeit der Grippe ist kurz, sie liegt zwischen wenigen Stunden und drei Tagen. Bricht die Erkrankung aus, fühlen sich die Betroffenen innerhalb von wenigen Stunden sehr krank.
Bei einem unkomplizierten Verlauf dauert die Grippe in der Regel etwa eine Woche. In schwereren Fällen oder bei auftretenden Komplikationen kann es aber auch länger dauern, bis Sie wieder fit sind.
Eine Ansteckungsgefahr geht von den Betroffenen bereits ab dem Zeitpunkt der Infektion und nicht erst nach dem Ausbruch der Grippe aus. Ist die Erkrankung ausgebrochen, besteht die Ansteckungsgefahr noch etwa drei bis fünf Tage lang. Kinder können auch noch einige Tage länger ansteckend sein.
Haben Sie sich eine Grippe eingefangen, ist es vor allem wichtig, dass Sie sich körperlich schonen. Nehmen Sie außerdem genügend Flüssigkeit zu sich – das gilt vor allem dann, wenn Sie hohes Fieber haben und stark schwitzen. Gut geeignet sind heiße Tees in den Sorten Pfefferminze, Kamille oder Lindenblüte. Auf schwarzen Tee sollten Sie dagegen besser verzichten, ebenso wie auf Kaffee und Alkohol.
Außerdem sind auch die folgenden Hausmittel empfehlenswert:
- Eine frisch zubereitete Hühnersuppe lindert Beschwerden wie Husten und Schnupfen.
- Inhalierenwirkt sich ebenfalls positiv auf Husten- und Schnupfenbeschwerden aus.
- Wadenwickel können helfen, hohes Fieber zu senken. Wenden Sie die Wickel aber nur an, wenn dem Betroffenen warm ist.
- Mit Gurgeln lassen sich Halsschmerzen effektiv bekämpfen. Neben Salzwasser ist auch Salbeitee gut zum Gurgeln geeignet.
Eine Grippe muss normalerweise nicht mit Medikamenten behandelt werden. In Einzelfällen können jedoch spezielle antivirale Medikamente wie Neuraminidase-Hemmer eingesetzt werden. Sie beeinflussen den Krankheitsverlauf vor allem dann positiv, wenn sie unmittelbar nach dem Auftreten der ersten Grippe-Symptome (innerhalb der ersten 48 Stunden) eingenommen werden.
Neuraminidase-Hemmer blockieren die Verbreitung der Viren und können so die Dauer der Erkrankung verkürzen und deren Schwere abmildern. Ein Antibiotikum zeigt bei einer Grippe dagegen keine Wirkung, da es nur gegen Bakterien wirkt.
Wenn Sie unter starken Kopf- oder Gliederschmerzen leiden, können Schmerzmittel helfen, die Symptome zu lindern. Geeignet sind unter anderem Tabletten mit Acetylsalicylsäure, Paracetamol oder Ibuprofen. Kinder unter 14 Jahren sollten allerdings auf keinen Fall Medikamente mit Acetylsalicylsäure bekommen, da bei ihnen ansonsten das lebensbedrohliche Reye-Syndrom auftreten kann.
Der beste Weg, der Grippe vorzubeugen, ist die Impfung. Sie muss jedes Jahr neu erfolgen, da sich das Virus ständig verändert. Die Impfung ist besonders für Risikogruppen – beispielsweise chronisch Kranke und Krankenhauspersonal – sowie Personen über 60 Jahre empfehlenswert. Diese sollten sich idealerweise jedes Jahr vor Beginn des Winters (September bis November) impfen lassen.
Daneben gibt es aber auch noch andere Möglichkeiten, einer Influenza vorzubeugen. Wichtig ist, dass Sie sich während der Grippe-Zeit regelmäßig die Hände waschen. Fassen Sie sich außerdem mit den Händen möglichst nicht an Nase und Mund, wenn Sie vorher mit Viren – beispielsweise in Bussen oder Bahnen, Einkaufszentren oder Arztpraxen – in Kontakt gekommen sein könnten.
Aktualisiert: 25.01.2018 – Autor: Kathrin Mehner
Canine Bordetella is a highly contagious upper respiratory condition that affects a high amount of dogs. Also known as kennel cough and more recently, canine infectious tracheobronchitis, canine bordetella has distinct symptoms that can make it fairly easy to diagnose.
When a dog is infected with canine Bordetella, he will usually display a dry, hacking cough. Some describe the cough as having a “honky” sound. The dog may act like he has something stuck in his throat and may actually vomit or retch after the cough. A cough caused by canine Bordetella may also worsen with activity or excitement and can last for a few minutes.
Dogs who have canine Bordetella may also have a watery nasal discharge, as well as conjunctivitis and sneezing. Typically, those affected by canine Bordetella have their normal appetite and activity levels. In severe cases and those where secondary bacterial pneumonia has developed, dogs can have fevers, lethargy, breathing difficulties and anorexia.
Canine Bordetella is spread from dog to dog. It is often passed when there is a high amount of dogs in one contained area, such as with boarding kennels, shelters, obedience classes, dog parks and dog day care facilities. If your dog has visited any areas such as these and has a dry, hacking cough, there is good probability that she has canine Bordetella. If you take her to her veterinarian, the doctor will likely ask if she has been around other dogs recently. This information is important as it will help the vet accurately diagnose the illness and the proper treatment can be prescribed.
Canine Bordetella is typically self-limiting, therefore, treatment can vary. Canine Bordetella is usually caused by bacteria. Depending upon the severity of the case, antibiotics may or may not be prescribed. Antibiotics are usually given to reduce the risk of a secondary infection, such as pneumonia, or if it is likely that bacteria has caused the infection. However, treating the canine Bordetella will not reduce the length in which the dog is contagious. The symptoms of canine Bordetella usually occur for about ten days, but the dog is still contagious for six to 14 weeks after the infection is resolved.
In severe cases of canine Bordetella, the doctor will prescribe antibiotics, such as doxycycline or trimethoprim-sulfa. In addition, the veterinarian may also prescribe a cough suppressant or a bronchodialator.
Canine Bordetella can be prevented by a number of ways. The easiest method is to keep your dog away from others, especially if you have a puppy, as their immune systems are weak and they can catch illnesses easily. If you cannot prevent interaction between your dog and others, you may want to have your dog vaccinated against canine Bordetella. These vaccines can be given either intranasally or via injection. While the canine Bordetella vaccine is highly effective, it does not totally prevent your dog from contracting the illness.
With swine flu claiming so many lives across the nation it is little tricky to give a straight answer to such a simple question. However, there is a fair amount of chance to recover from the flu if tr
With swine flu claiming so many lives across the nation it is little tricky to give a straight answer to such a simple question. However, there is a fair amount of chance to recover from the flu if treatment and care can be provided on time and during the initial phase soon after contracting the viral infection.
‘One must realise that unlike other viral diseases like leptospirosis, malaria, dengue where the entire immune system and all major organs have to face the wrath of the virus, in case of swine flu, the immunity of a person is suppressed and only the lung function is affected, although to a great extent. So, recovery of a patient from swine flu largely depends on the extent of lung damage one has faced due to the virus,’ says Dr Prakash Jiandani, director of critical care unit, Wockhardt Hospital, South Mumbai. In some rare cases of swine flu, it can also lead to cardiac arrest and brain damage. But most of the time, a life is lost battling a respiratory infection because of swine flu and it doesn’t reach to that extreme. Here is all that you need to know about the treatment and medication of swine flu.
Lines of treatment
In case of swine flu, the first line of treatment is antiviral therapy given either by oral suspension or in capsule form. If a patient fails to recover with oral medications the second line of treatment would be to start on ventilation. ‘The idea of starting a patient suffering with moderate to severe symptoms of swine flu on ventilation, is done to restore oxygen supply in the blood and revive lung function. However, one must realise that even best ventilation mechanisms can help patients only to a certain extent. If the damage done to the lungs is beyond any repair, then even the best of supportive care provided would fail to help one survive any longer,’ informs Dr Jiandani. Here are the symptoms of swine flu you should know about.
Prevention is better than cure
This is the reason why preventing a bout of swine flu is more important than treating it. ‘It is necessary to take steps early and visit the doctor if you develop any symptoms of the seasonal flu. However, not all the healthy individual with cold and cough needs to be treated for swine flu. One should be diagnosed carefully for the symptoms, especially those who fall under the risk group, like people suffering from High BP, diabetes or the elderly,’ says Dr Jiandani. Here are 15 tips for everyone to prevent a bout of swine flu.
Oral antiviral medication, when given within 48 hours after experiencing the symptoms can help one recover fast. However, if it delays recovery then oxygen therapy with proper ventilation goes in long way to resurrect lung function. ‘High frequency ventilation or extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) can help patients recover from the symptoms of flu,’ says Dr Jiandani. (Read: IMA guidelines to tackle swine flu (H1N1 influenza) in India)
If treatment and medications are given on time without much delay then for a healthy individual it might take around 48 to 75 hours to get relief from the symptoms and five to seven days to recover completely from the flu. ‘General fatigue and weakness might be persistent for a week or two which would settle with proper rest, care and healthy diet,’ says Dr Jiandani. (Read: Prevent swine flu with these 10 dos and don’ts)
wiseGEEK: What are the Symptoms of Arsenic Poisoning?
There are many different symptoms of arsenic poisoning ranging from the relatively benign to the potentially life-threatening. Headaches and persistent tingling in the hands and feet are some of the earliest signs of exposure, and prolonged contact often leads to striped, discolored, and brittle fingernails. Stomach cramps, bowel trouble, and difficulty breathing are also common, and in extreme cases people can experience cardiac arrest, blood disorders, and liver failure. The intensity and severity of symptoms is usually driven by how much of the poison a person has ingested as well as its potency.
Persistent headaches are some of the most common symptoms. Usually these start out as relatively light and are typically centered behind one or both eyes. Painkillers will often dull discomfort for a time, but in most cases the ache returns just as soon as the medication has worn off. This is a particularly common complaint of people who are being slowly exposed to small amounts of arsenic over time, whether through tainted water, accidental ingestion, or intentional poisoning.
Another common complaint in arsenic poisoning cases is a subtle tingling or numbness, usually in the hands and feet. The sensation tends to come and go, but often grows more intense and disconcerting over time. People who suffer from long-term poisoning often say that their extremities constantly feel as though they are “asleep.” More general tenderness and sensitivity, particularly in the arms and legs, is also common.
Unusually dry, cracked, and discolored finger and toenails are a classic sign of arsenic ingestion. People with this symptom often complain of nails that seem to suddenly develop pronounced white or brown stripes that darken over time and become very brittle and prone to peeling. These effects can be long lasting, even after exposure has ended.
A number of problems related to the bowels and gastrointestinal tract are common, too. Stomach cramping, extreme constipation, and bloating happen in many patients, while others may experience vomiting, diarrhea, and general feelings of nausea. Once arsenic is in the blood, it tends to inflame many of the body’s most sensitive tissues; the intestines are often some of the most impacted. These sorts of symptoms typically go away once the poison has left the body.
The throat, lungs, and bronchial tissues are also relatively sensitive and can be damaged by the compound, which can lead to a range of breathing problems. Wheezing and shortness of breath are common, but a hoarse, raspy voice and difficulty swallowing can also be present. Sometimes the spit turns yellowish, too, and saliva may dry up. People with this symptom often have a tinny, metallic taste in their mouth, and frequently complain of garlicky breath. Extreme thirst sometimes also accompanies these symptoms.
Most symptoms of arsenic poisoning are unpleasant and can lead to deteriorated health over time, but they can sometimes also be immediately threatening. People who ingest high doses of the substance have been known to go into shock, which can lead to cardiac arrest — essentially a heart attack — or stroke. Organ failure is another possible consequence, particularly where the liver and kidneys are concerned.
Most symptoms of arsenic poisoning are also symptoms of a number of other conditions and diseases, which can make getting the right diagnosis somewhat challenging. Doctors and medical professionals usually advise people who suspect they’ve been poisoned to chart their symptoms over time, making note of how long symptoms last, when they began and ended, and their intensity. Anything that seems out of the ordinary and lasts for more than a day or two is usually something that experts say should be evaluated.
On 14th April 2016 Dr Tom Frieden, the head of the CDC, confirmed that the Zika Virus does indeed cause Microcephaly and several other birth defects in babies. He stated that 'This study marks a turning point in the Zika outbreak. It is now clear that the virus causes microcephaly'. The Zika virus was previously beleived to have caused the birth defects seen in newborn babies, characterized by unusually small heads, and this has now been confirmed by the CDC.
Kids and teens with mononucleosis (mono) can have flu-like symptoms (like a fever, muscle aches, tiredness, and a sore throat), which go away on their own after a few weeks of rest and plenty of fluids.
Mono usually is caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), a very common virus that most kids are exposed to at some point while growing up. Infants and young kids infected with EBV typically have very mild symptoms or none at all. But teens and young adults who become infected often develop mono.
Mono is spread through kissing, coughing, sneezing, or any contact with the saliva of someone who has been infected with the virus. (That's how mono got nicknamed "the kissing disease.") It also can spread by sharing a straw or an eating utensil. Researchers believe that mono may be spread sexually as well.
People who have been infected with EBV will carry the virus for the rest of their lives — even if they never have any signs or symptoms of mono. Those who did have mono symptoms probably will not get sick or have symptoms again.
Although EBV is the most common cause of mono, other viruses, such as cytomegalovirus (sy-toe-meh-guh-low-VY-rus), can cause a similar illness. Like EBV, cytomegalovirus stays in the body for life and may not cause any symptoms.
Symptoms usually show up about 4 to 7 weeks after infection with the virus and can include:
- being very tired
- sore throat with swollen tonsils that may have white patches
- loss of appetite
- swollen lymph nodes (commonly called glands, located in the neck, underarms, and groin)
- sore muscles
- larger-than-normal liver or spleen
- skin rash
- abdominal pain
Mono symptoms usually go away within 2 to 4 weeks. In some teens, though, the tiredness and weakness can last for months.
To make a diagnosis, the doctor may do a blood test and physical exam to check for things like swollen tonsils and an enlarged liver or spleen, which often is a sign of the infection.
Doctors recommend that kids who get mono avoid sports for at least a month after symptoms are gone because the spleen usually is enlarged temporarily from the illness. An enlarged spleen can rupture easily — causing internal bleeding and abdominal pain — and require emergency surgery.
So vigorous activities, contact sports, weightlifting, cheerleading, or even wrestling with siblings or friends should be avoided until the doctor says it's OK.
Most kids who get mono recover completely with no problems. In rare cases, though, complications can happen. These can include problems with the liver or spleen, anemia, meningitis, trouble breathing, or inflammation of the heart.
There is no vaccine to protect again the Epstein-Barr virus. But you can help protect your kids from mono by making sure that they avoid close contact with anyone who has it.
Many people who have mono won't have symptoms, but they can still pass it to others. So kids should wash their hands well and often, and not share drinks or eating utensils with others, even people who seem healthy.
I began with 100mg of bio-identical progesterone from compounding pharmacy and over the past two years, I'm now up to 300 mg. Be aware though, that Prometrium brand is made with peanut oil so if you have an issue with that tell the doctor and get it from a compounding pharmacy. They can make it without peanut oil.
For mental fog/blurry vision, my doctor prescribed building up (can cause diarrhea if too fast) to 4,000 mgs vitamin C buffered powder in water first thing in the morning and it has worked wonders. Also the Calm brand magnesium has helped with sleep and anxiety. I started Armour thyroid 2 weeks ago and am feeling better already. My depression has lifted, thank God, as I was considering asking for an anti-depressant.
Also, my doctor recommended a gluten free diet which has made a huge difference as well with my stubborn weight gain since all this started. I also highly recommend the book “Core Balance” by Marcelle Pick. It explains all about hormones and what to do. She has a great website too! Hang in there ladies. You are not alone!
31) I don't know how active this site is, but I just wanted to share my thoughts. I stopped taking birth control and a lot of changes happened. For years I had severe anxiety. My periods vanished completely then came back irregular with heavy bleeding and a lot of clotting. I did not sleep well and my mind was always busy, busy. I was fatigued and had no sex drive. I was not me, not alive. I felt like I was just coasting from day to day struggling to get through.
Then I saw a holistic doctor as all traditional doctors wanted to do was put me back on the pill. This doctor was wonderful. She listened to everything I said and did an ultrasound and hormone test. My progesterone is low at 18L. The normal range, in case anyone in wondering for premenopausal women, is between 75 - 250L. My estradiol was also low at 1.2L. Normal should be 1.3 - 3.3 for a premenopausal women.
My doctor gave me bio-identical (natural) progesterone made at a compounding pharmacy just for me. I take 150mg at night which I am to reduce to 50mg at the onset of my period. It has only been two weeks, but already I feel a difference. My anxiety is so much better and I sleep better. My headaches are less frequent.
My period is still irregular but as I said, it has only been two weeks. I was told it can take four to six months for my period to regulate. Hang in there, girls. Keep with it. Sometimes the amounts have to be tweaked. I would definitely recommend it and see a naturopathic doctor.
30) @anon192317: The wild yam cream may work very well for you, but let me urge you to go to a doctor, preferably a female one. I say this because some of the symptoms you cite are also consistent with low thyroid levels, and only a blood test can determine if your levels are normal or not. Make sure they do a complete thyroid panel, including TSH, T3 and T4 levels.
A female doctor is more likely to listen to what's really going on with you, and may have better treatment options. Female docs are also generally more open to the idea of alternative medicine. Good luck.
29) I just have to say I love all you women for sharing this! I've found the answer. Searching around in the dark for years and doctors only prescribing antidepressants without really listening to what I was saying. I finally got so discouraged that I stopped going to doctors altogether.
I'm only 27, but have had irregular periods my whole life, and had severe post partum depression after my daughter was born. I've struggled to lose weight. I finally have lost 30 pounds, but not before my hair started thinning. I have mood swings, hot flashes, irregular periods. I've had lower back cramps for four days straight now, insomnia at night, with fatigue at strange times during the day, mental cloudiness, inability to focus or handle stress and small breasts (which apparently has something to do with low progesterone levels - they do not run in my family!)
Anyway, I'm wondering if it's even worth it to go see a doctor again or if I should just start on some wild yam progesterone cream and see what happens? Thank you so much for sharing!
28) At age 46, I had an abrupt onset of crazy symptoms. My facial skin was burning/tingling, random hot spots on my body, hair loss, gums tingled, mental fog, heart racing, joint pain and a relentless headache behind my right eye. Prior to this, I was a very healthy gal, in good shape, with four kids and a happy life.
I spent seven months going to rheumatologists, endocrinologist, dermatologists, etc. in NYC and all top in their fields. Nothing was turning up and the collective notion was that I was too stressed and this was causing the problems. Their solution was to take anti-anxiety meds which I refused to do. Ultimately, I took the holistic route and found a DO (doctor of osteopathy) who had me do the saliva testing. Sure enough, I am producing no progesterone and one of the three estrogens came in high. He started my on two nutritional supplements to lower the estrogen levels: Indole Forte and Calcium-D-Glucarate. The effect of these supp is to break up excess estrogen and clean toxins out of your system. It is the equivalent of eating a ton of cabbage or brussels sprouts. After being in agony for seven months, on the 14th day of taking the supplements the majority of my issues disappeared.
After two months of the supplements, I added a bioidentical progesterone capsule and the original symptoms crept back. I tried it three times with a two week break in between and sure enough the symptoms came back each time. So the doc had me stop as he felt my body was rejecting it and we had to respect the response. The doc then had me add one grain of Nature-Throid and I found my heart racing a little. I reduced to 3/4 grain and the heart issue went away.
Not sure if the Nature- Throid is doing anything as I feel no positive or negative responses but compared to the seven month nightmare, I feel great. not as good as I did before this happened. but overall very good. I still take the indole. calcium d-glucarate, Nature-Throid and added PB8 probiotic and astaxanthin (mercola). I encourage anyone with the onset of these crazy issues that blindside you to explore your area for a proven alternative medicine practitioner that has experience with hormonal imbalance. Adrenal fatigue and extreme hormonal imbalances are real issues and not in your head as many will tell you.
27) A hormonal imbalance is something I never even thought of until my naturopathic doctor suggested I take a saliva test to check my hormones. Sure enough, my progesterone levels are low.
I read up on all the symptoms, and was shocked at how many fit me. Migraines, cramps, irregular periods, anxiety, spotting between periods,low libido. I also thought either myself or my hubby were not fertile, due to not getting pregnant despite not using contraceptives for the last couple years. Now I am hopeful that these problems are all tied in to my low progesterone. I am so relieved just to gain an understanding of what is going on with my body, and to be able to work towards correcting it.
- fièvre soudaine, entre 39 °C et 40 °C (102 °F et 104 °F);
- toux soudaine;
- mal de gorge;
- douleurs musculaires ou articulaires;
- fatigue extrême;
- maux de tête.
Des symptômes comme des nausées, des vomissements, de la diarrhée et des douleurs au ventre peuvent aussi être présents. Ces symptômes sont plus fréquents chez les enfants.
Les personnes âgées peuvent se sentir faibles et être parfois confuses sans présenter d’autres symptômes.
La grippe est souvent confondue avec d’autres infections respiratoires comme le rhume. Pour en savoir plus, consultez la page Différences entre la grippe et le rhume.
Généralement, la grippe se soigne à la maison. Dans certaines situations, cependant, il faut consulter un médecin.
Vous devez consulter un médecin le jour même si vous avez des symptômes de la grippe et que vous présentez aussi l’un des symptômes suivants:
- douleur qui augmente ou qui persiste lors de la respiration;
- fièvre qui augmente ou qui persiste depuis plus de 5 jours.
Si vos symptômes s’aggravent ou ne s’améliorent pas après 7 jours, vous devez également consulter un médecin le jour même.
Vous pouvez obtenir une consultation le jour même ou le lendemain dans une ressource près de chez vous. Pour en savoir plus ou pour trouver une de ces ressources, consultez la page Trouver une ressource qui offre de la consultation médicale le jour même ou le lendemain.
Vous devez vous rendre immédiatement à l’urgence si vous avez des symptômes de la grippe et que vous présentez aussi l’un des symptômes suivants:
- difficulté à respirer qui persiste ou qui augmente;
- lèvres bleues;
- douleur intense à la poitrine;
- douleur intense à la tête qui persiste ou qui augmente;
- somnolence, difficulté à rester éveillé, faiblesse;
- confusion, désorientation;
- convulsions (le corps se raidit et les muscles se contractent de façon saccadée et involontaire);
- absence d’urine depuis 12 heures, soif intense.
Si votre bébé de moins de 3 mois a de la fièvre, amenez-le à l’urgence rapidement.
Si votre enfant a de la fièvre et qu’il semble très malade, qu’il manque d’énergie et qu’il refuse de jouer, amenez-le consulter un médecin rapidement ou appelez Info-Santé 811.
Si vous avez besoin d’aide immédiate pour vous rendre à l’urgence, composez le 9-1-1.
Certaines situations nécessitent l’évaluation d’une infirmière, qui pourra vous fournir des conseils spécifiques concernant votre situation. Elle pourra aussi vous indiquer si vous devriez consulter un médecin rapidement ou non.
Vous devriez donc appeler Info-Santé 811 si vous-même ou votre enfant êtes dans l’une des situations suivantes:
- vous êtes essoufflé;
- vous avez de la difficulté à respirer;
- vous ne savez pas si vous devez consulter un médecin
La plupart des personnes en bonne santé guérissent de la grippe par elles-mêmes au bout de 5 à 7 jours. Il faut bien se reposer et se nourrir selon son appétit.