Nights sweats are one of the best-known symptoms associated with menopause. Many women who are experiencing perimenopause or who are menopausal experience these nocturnal hot flashes, which are likely to wake you up drenched in sweat with your heart pounding. This can thoroughly interrupt a good night’s sleep and make it hard to settle back down.
Irregular periods are often one of the first signs of perimenopause, or the transition between a woman’s reproductive years and menopause. As her ovaries begin to produce less estrogen, menstrual cycles can become irregular. Over time, her ovaries will gradually stop releasing eggs, and her cycles will eventually stop altogether. Irregular periods can begin when a woman is in her 30s or even earlier, but they are most common once a woman reaches her 40s.
Perimenopause and menopause can create a host of symptoms both physical and emotional. These are largely caused by the loss of estrogen and testosterone, which can lead to hot flashes, cold flashes, sleep disturbances and more.
The vaginal dryness that often accompanies menopause or perimenopause is uncomfortable and can cause a strain on relationships. Caused by declining estrogen, this dryness can indicate vaginal atrophy, or a thinning of the vaginal walls. Normally, the vaginal walls are coated by a thin layer of moisture. During sexual arousal, blood flows into the pelvic region, which increases the amount of lubrication present. During menopause, however, the amount and consistency of lubrication can change and decrease dramatically, leading to vaginal dryness.
Vaginal atrophy often affects women who are nearing menopause or in menopause, a condition which can lead to uncomfortable or painful sexual activity. As many as half of all menopausal women experience vaginal atrophy, but with proper treatment, they can once again enjoy a healthy sex life free of discomfort or pain. Lifestyle changes can help reduce the discomfort associated with this condition, maintain healthy tissue function and improve vaginal tone.
Menopause can bring numerous physical changes and leave you feeling unfamiliar with your own body. Unfortunately, it can also bring changes that leave you feeling unfamiliar with your own reflection. Apart from the missed periods, the mood swings and the night sweats, many women also experience dry, wrinkled or sagging skin. Lifestyle and menopause treatment products may be able to help relieve many of the symptoms associated with menopause, including dry skin.
Many women are familiar with more common menopause symptoms, such as hot flashes, night sweats and vaginal dryness. Fewer are familiar with dry eyes as a symptom of menopause. However, this condition can be not just uncomfortable but also potentially dangerous. Chronic dry eye can increase a woman’s risk of visual impairment. More than 60 percent of women experience eye discomfort during menopause or perimenopause, but few of them are aware the dryness is linked to their hormonal changes.
Mood swings are commonly associated with menopause and perimenopause. The link between irritability and menopause appears to be primarily hormonal in nature. The hormonal changes of menopause can trigger mood swings and a tendency to quick anger, particularly in women who are already susceptible to hormone-induced moodiness. In some cases, night sweats, anxiety and other conditions triggered during menopause can exacerbate emotional instability and leave women feeling even more frustrated and anxious.
Weight gain is so common during menopause that it has been given its own name: the middle-aged spread. The increased weight associated with menopause is frequently caused by hormonal changes, which are also behind most other menopause symptoms. Additionally, muscle mass is lost during menopause, which reduces the metabolic rate. If you continue to eat the same number of calories you always have, you will gain weight. You can also suffer from weight redistribution, or gain weight around your abdomen rather than around the thighs and hips.
Many women in menopause are familiar with the traditional menopausal symptoms of hot flashes, night sweats and vaginal dryness, but they may be less aware that bloating is also a symptom. However, water retention is a hallmark of menopause that can leave you uncomfortable as you reach for elastic-waisted pants.
Although it may make you feel miserable, the common cold is usually a mild illness that goes away relatively quickly. On average, adults get two to four colds each year, and young children experience about twice that many.
What Causes the Common Cold?
When you get a cold, you've probably been infected by one of more than 200 different viruses. These viruses are easily spread through droplets of fluid from a cough, sneeze, or runny nose. Cold viruses often circulate by touch, but they can also be inhaled if they become airborne.
People with colds are most contagious during the first few days after they have been infected with a virus. Spending a lot of time around other people indoors can help spread colds — a common occurrence for schoolchildren. Also, low humidity, as during the winter months, makes an ideal living environment for viruses.
What Are Cold Symptoms?
Cold symptoms usually develop one to three days after exposure to a virus. Symptoms may include:
- Scratchy, sore throat
- Sneezing and coughing
- Runny nose or nasal congestion
- Reduced sense of taste and smell
- Fever up to 102 degrees Fahrenheit (more common in infants and young children)
If you are continuously exhibiting some of these symptoms, this may be a sign of allergy rather than virus. Visit your doctor if you suspect allergies are the cause of your runny nose and watery eyes — allergy tests examine your body's reaction to common allergens to determine what may be causing your discomfort.
Should You Call the Doctor?
In most cases, you don't need to see a doctor when dealing with a cold. Call your doctor if you are experiencing:
- Severe symptoms or symptoms that last for about two weeks
- High fever
- Severely swollen glands in your neck or jaw
- Ear pain
- Sinus headache
- Fainting, dizziness, or confusion
- Severe and persistent cough
- Chest pain or pressure
- Problems breathing
- A sudden outburst of asthma or other pre-existing lung condition
- Severe or continuous vomiting
Children may exhibit additional symptoms that should be brought to a health care provider's attention. Call your doctor if the child has a cold and experiences a fever above 103 degrees Fahrenheit, bluish skin, behavioral changes, worsening of pre-existing conditions, vomiting, or abdominal pain.
I believe it must really weaken your immune system in order for this to happen.
The first week was great. I could think clearer. Tasks and university work began to become easier to do due to being able to think more in depth and sequentially.
I may have to redo my units but if I am able to think as clear as the first week I am willing to make that sacrifice.
Does anyone who has gone cold turkey after long periods on Lexapro as to how long the withdrawals symptoms last?
i too am weened off lexapro.. this is my 5th day off of my 10mg of 8 months not long i know.
but i don't want to be on these any more as me and my partner are trying to conceive i think this med is blocking it and keeping is from conceiving so if we get what we want at the end its the only thing giving me hope from these horrendous side effects.
I really hope i can push from it but all people blog about is how bad the side effects are and the beginning stage. what about after the withdrawals.. is there hope?
my symptoms are feeling faint light headed migraine sweats shivers and shaking cant concentrate and patchy skin if this is it then fine i can get over this.. but how long will it last? also i am extremely tired won't stop sleeping and signed off from work due to nearly collapsing..:(.
Hey I have only been on for 9 months at 10 mg and I dosed myself down to 5mg for the past 3 days. I am experiencing pain in my neck but nothing else anyone has been talking about. Did you have any physical pain?
Just wondering if your neck pain went away? I was only on 10mg of lexapro for 7 weeks, and now have neck and shoulder stiffness with being on this drug and coming off of it.
To Denice and others with neck pain.
I am so happy someone finally mentioned the neck pain! I am being weaned off Lexapro, too. I also have fibromyalgia.. I always thought the Lexapro helped me control my fibro pain as much as helped with depression. As I am discontining the Lexapro, my fibro pain has increased. BUT now I also have a severe "pins and needles" neck pain, almost like a herniated disc. Is this the type pain you are speaking of?
Extremely high Eosinophil count
Enlargement of liver and spleen
Central nervous system lesions can also occur sometimes
Granulomatous reactions and fibrosis in the affected organs can lead to
Colonic polyposis with bloody diarrhea mostly in Schistosoma mansoni;
Portal hypertension with hematemesis and splenomegaly in Schistosoma mansoni, Schistosoma japonicum;
Cystitis and ureteritis with hematuria leading to bladder cancer in Schistosoma haematobium; Pulmonary hypertension in Schistosoma mansoni, Schistosoma japonicum, and even Schistosoma haematobium;
Glomerulonephritis; and central nervous system lesions.
Eggs of the infecting parasite can be identified in the stool or urine of the patient under a microscope. Examination of stool for the identification of the parasites is more common. An egg per gram (epg) is the scientific unit used to measure the eggs in the feces of the affected patient. Stool examination is recommended to patients affected with schistosoma mansoni or schistosoma japonicum; and urine examination for schistosoma haematobium.
Sometimes the Kato-Katz technique (20 to 50 mg of fecal material) or the Ritchie technique is also used for field surveys and investigational purposes.
A team led by Dr. Russell Stothard, head of the Schistosomiasis Control Initiative at the Natural History Museum, London, recently conducted a field evaluation, which reported that even if stool or urine examinations are negative, a tissue biopsy might reveal eggs. Detection of antibody might as well be useful for epidemiological surveys as well as clinical research and management.
Schistosomiasis can be successfully treated using an oral drug Praziquantel. Though a single dose of this drug can cure the infection, it is not effective in preventing re-infection of the patient, which is highly probable in an affected area. Researches are presently being carried on to develop a vaccine for this disease.
The toxic metalloid, antimony was initially used in low doses to treat schistosomiasis, but this is not used in present days. Another drug called Oxamniquine is used outside the U.S to treat Schistosoma mansoni.
Investigations are being carried on a new Egyptian drug, Mirazid for the treatment of this disease.
Other forms of oral medication that are being experimented with are medicinal castor oil, Gopo Berry (by Dr Chidzere of Zimbabwe in 1980s), etc.
Acrolein, copper sulfate, and niclosamide can be used to eliminate the fresh-water snails that cause the disease.
Crayfish breeding can also be helpful for the purpose though it must be done with caution.
Avoiding water bodies previously detected with snails.
Use of sapindus plant(Phytolacca dodecandra) to prevent the disease by controlling snails. Aklilu Lemma and Legesse Wolde-Yohannes received the Right Livelihood Award in 1989 for their research.
- Children between the ages of 0 and 4 are deemed a high risk group for swine flu, meaning they have the highest chances of contracting the disease.
- The CDC estimates that 22.9 out of every 100,000 kids between 0-4 years may contract swine flu. This is the second highest risk-percentage according to age group in the US.
- The CDC also estimates that 4.5 children out of every 100,000 between the ages of 0-4 who have contracted swine flu will need to be hospitalized as a result of the disease.
- Swine flu may be responsible for the deaths of 2% of children who are between the ages of 0 and 4 years.
Flu season typically lasts from October to February, so as a parent or child minder you need to be especially vigilant about watching out for signs and symptoms of swine flu. Since the symptoms are similar to regular influenza, they can be especially hard to identify and isolate. Here are some signs you should watch for in toddlers:
- Sudden fever
- Runny or stuffy nose
- Dry cough
- Headaches, body aches, and muscle aches
- Chills and fatigue
While the above symptoms are common with regular flu, swine flu may additionally cause vomiting and diarrhea.
Although most of the above symptoms may be treatable with over-the-counter medication and at-home care, parents should know the warning signs for when emergency medical treatment is required. You should rush your child to the hospital if symptoms include:
- A rash accompanying the fever
- Fast labored breaths or trouble breathing
- Lethargy and disinterest in normal routine
- Bluish skin color
- Dehydration or visible lack of thirst
- Constant irritability and not wanting to be held
- Temporary improvement in flu symptoms followed by a high fever and cough
Since swine flu is transmitted via airborne droplets in the air and contracted virally, it is essential that everyone follow basic hygiene practices for its prevention. Adults need to inculcate the following habits in kids to reduce the chances of contracting swine flu:
- Regular hand-washing with soap and water, especially before eating and after using the bathroom. Alcohol-based hand washes are also effective.
- Avoiding close contact with visibly sick people (especially those sneezing and coughing openly).
- Coughing or sneezing in the crook of your arm (not in the palm) or using a tissue to cough or sneeze into and discarding the tissue immediately after use.
- Using a face mask or respirator to prevent inhaling the flu virus.
- Not touching your eyes, nose, and mouth frequently since the flu spreads through inhalation or contact with facial cavities.
- Staying away from crowded places such as cinemas, shopping malls, and other places where large groups of people may congregate.
Swine flu vaccinations are the recommended form of preventing swine flu; however, they are not fail-safe. Swine flu is typically treated with anti-viral drugs like Tamiflu or Relenza.
Currently, 250 million doses of flu vaccine are being rolled out for America's 2009-2010 flu season since officials expect more cases of swine flu this year than any previous year. The CDC recommends that anyone who falls in the high-risk categories should get vaccinated. Certain factors, such as asthma, diabetes, a weakened immune system, severe anemia, chronic heart, or kidney disease put children at even higher risk of developing swine flu related complications, and as such these kids should be placed on a priority vaccination schedule.
There are two types of vaccinations currently being offered: a flu shot (needle injected into skin) and a nasal spray flu vaccine (inhaled directly through the nose). The injection can be administered in kids older than 6 months, while the nasal spray may be used for kids above age 2.
For more information on the closest clinic to get vaccinated, use the Flu Shot Locater.
With news spreading that this year's flu virus may be more severe than in years past, it's understandable to feel some anxiety. In fact, the CDC is reporting that 29 states are experiencing a more widespread and virulent flu than last year's strain, though doctors suggest that the actual strains are not so different from each other.