Zur Verhinderung oder Therapie von Sekundärinfektionen kann der Einsatz von Antibiotika sinnvoll sein. Bei sehr hohem Fieber ist zudem die Gabe von Antipyretika (z.B. Paracetamol) zu erwägen.

Die Wirkung einer vorbeugenden oder therapeutischen Gabe von Vitamin C ist umstritten.

Der Krankheitsverlauf ist sehr unterschiedlich, meist relativ harmlos ohne Folgen, z.T. aber auch lebensgefährlich (v.a. bei Kindern und älteren immungeschwächten Personen).

Die akute Erkrankung klingt in der Regel etwa nach 5 bis 7 Tagen ab. Einzelne Symptome (z.B. Husten, Abgeschlagenheit) können jedoch noch über einen längeren Zeitraum weiter bestehen. Je nach Schwere der durchgemachten Erkrankung ist eine Rekonvaleszenz über Tage, aber auch über Wochen möglich.

Eine mögliche Komplikation der Influenza, der bei bestimmten Virusstämmen auftritt, ist der so genannte Zytokinsturm. Dabei versagt die adaptive Immunantwort und es kommt zu einer Überreaktion des Immunsystems im Sinne einer sich selbst verstärkenden Kaskadenreaktion. Die dazu fähigen Zellen des Immunsystems (T-Zellen, Makrophagen) schütten große Mengen an Zytokinen aus, die eine massive Entzündungsreaktion hervorrufen. Sie tritt klinisch als schwere, perakute Influenzapneumonie mit Dyspnoe, Lungenblutungen und möglichem Organversagen in Erscheinung.

Bestimmte Erregervarianten des Influenzavirus begünstigen die Entstehung eines Zytokinsturms. Sie bilden Proteine, auf die das Immunsystem offensichtlich besonders empfindlich reagiert. Häufig unterscheiden sie sich nur in einigen wenigen Genabschnitten von weniger pathogenen Stämmen.

Egg allergy is common in babies and toddlers - occurring in 1 -2 % of pre-school children.

This page answers the following questions:

What are the symptoms of egg allergy in infants and toddlers?

The symptoms include:

  • skin reactions with urticaria (also known as hives) - this is the most common reaction. Read more
  • tummy upset and vomiting - even if the egg makes contact with the skin and is not ingested
  • anaphylaxis which is a serious allergic reaction with breathing difficulty and shock - this is much less common than with other foods such as peanut, other nuts and milk. Read more

The allergic reactions may be:

  • immediate - which occur within a few minutes to an hour of ingesting the egg. These are IgE mediated reactions, so caused by a particular antibody (called IgE) in the body. Read more
  • delayed - which may occur up to 24 hours after ingesting the egg. These are usually non-IgE mediated reactions, so they are caused by an immune response but it doesn't involve IgE

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Flu like symptoms can be caused by a variety of other conditions. Hence, a doctor cannot immediately say that a person is suffering from influenza, if he encounters such symptoms. Also, as there exist a number of subtypes of the influenza virus, the seriousness of the condition cannot be gauged without proper tests.
To determine the type of virus, a virus culture is performed on a swab from your nose or throat. Once this is done, accurate medication can be given.

A person often tends to ignore the flu symptoms, as they do not seem serious initially. However, to avoid the serious consequences, it is better to take some safety precautions. They are as follows:

  • Take the flu vaccine on a yearly basis.
  • For a day or two, you can take a medicine for common cold to see, if the effects subside.
  • However, if the symptoms do not subside, it is best to consult a physician, as proper medication depends on the type of flu you have.
Thus, if care is taken, serious effects of flu can be avoided.

What happens when the influenza virus invades?

The impact of an influenza virus depends on viral and host factors. Previous infections or vaccination should provide some protection. If the virus is novel, the severity of an infection will depend on its haemagglutinin, neuraminidase and other viral proteins, which enable the virus to reproduce better in human cells.

In fact, tissue damage has two origins – cells killed by the virus and damage caused to the body’s own cells by the immune system. Both Spanish flu and H5N1 avian flu replicate to high levels and provoke exceptionally powerful immune responses, which run away out of control in the lungs. Influenza viruses also leave patients at risk of secondary bacterial infections.

Influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 caused comparatively mild symptoms in most people. Those who died usually (but not always) had underlying health problems, such as asthma or other respiratory ailments, morbid obesity or diabetes. Pregnant women were also at higher risk.

Flu pandemics typically affect younger age groups than seasonal flu. Influenza A(H1N1)2009pdm initially had less impact on older groups, possibly because they retained immunity from earlier H1N1 epidemics or benefited from some crossover immunity from vaccination. As the virus adapted to humans, however, it began to infect adults more often.

Infants and young children may be at risk because their immune systems are immature. Paradoxically, young adults may be at risk because they have the strongest immune systems.

The 2009 pandemic provided a unique opportunity to explore whether particular host genetic factors increased the risk of severe disease. Indeed, people with severe disease were more likely to have a particular allele of the IFITM3 gene, which experimental studies have suggested might influence susceptibility to infection.

IFITM3 appears to play a role in preventing the influenza virus from infecting a cell and replicating. A better understanding of natural mechanisms of antiviral defence could suggest new opportunities for antiviral drug development.

Lead image:

Influenza viruses (blue) attaching to the cells of the upper respiratory tract. Viruses floating in the air are breathed in and bind to the hair-like microvilli and cilia on the surface of the cells that line the trachea. They then enter the cells and start to proliferate, eventually causing the cells to die.

R Dourmashkin/Wellcome Images CC BY NC ND

This resource was first published in ‘Influenza special issue’ in October 2009 and reviewed and updated in January 2015.

Many insights into flu transmission have come from research on an unusual model organism – the ferret

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I went to an ear throat and nose specialist. I went to see him because my ears have been ringing for a few months. Also have had the same symptoms as Gwenda18. I started googling Tinnitus and saw that it might have a link with Aspertame.
I drank so much Coke Zero. Put Aspertame sweetener in my coffee everyday. The specialist didn;t mention Aspertame. He suggested I start taking Lipo=Flavonoid to see if it works.
I also have stopped using Aspertame. But everytime i eat something of drink juice. I am trying to find out what ingredience are in the food I eat. It has been a week since I stopped soda, Aspertame and coffee and suger.. I’ve been feeling super tired. Little anxiety at times. I cant sleep. But I have faith that i will get better.

Hi Giuseppe, I hope this post finds you free from the addiction of this aspartame and caffeine. My ears also ring and I was told by my ENT that it’s probably the caffeine. Have you had any luck with your ears?

Like so many, I’ve heard enough about aspartame. Enough that 2 weeks ago, I cut out all the diet/zero/max sodas I’ve been drinking for almost 20 years. I’m 44 & have chronic lower back pain, carpal tunnel, and generally sore hands, feet, ankles, knees (which I chalk up to a lifetime of poor decisions & choice of work). I work through each day, and actually feel ok some days. But- after 2 weeks, I am more sore & achy with mild headaches and often crampy/bloated feeling. Any light work has me feeling like I built the pyramids! On a hunch, I googled “Aspartame withdrawals”, Wow…
Another thing I’ve stumbled upon is “pro-biotics” and the connection with much more than diet soda! We’ve been “fed” the wrong food for decades…
Thanks so much, my eyes have been opened!
Vincent Costen

Hi. Great website and appreciate everyone’s comments and trying to help others with this aspartame poisoning and withdrawal. Doctors seem clueless. To everyone going through withdrawal … hang in there. Quit this stuff permanently. But if you’re a long term user, it may take a while. Although I’ve still got some issues, I’m 90% better than I was with various aches and pains and my sinus problems improved considerably. And my eyesight in my best eye, which had been getting blurry has improved dramatically (verified by my eye doctor), since i quit.

I posted back in early January 2014, after I had quit 3 weeks earlier, after using diet Pepsi, and Equal for about 30 years.
I finally got rid of the pinchy withdrawal headaches after about 6 weeks. But I’m still having problems completely detoxing, as I am still getting some pain in my left sinus, and behind the eye. 2 ENTs have told me it’s not a sinus problem, but actually a neurological problem … the nerves in the sinuses … quite possibly brought on by the aspartame. 90% of my initial pain and bleeding went away within a few days of quitting the aspartame. But, here I am about 10 weeks later, and it still seems to be in my sinus tissue. My sinus is the weak spot in my body so it makes sense that the aspartame poisoning settled there. I’ve tried every detox I can find but it doesn’t seem to make a difference. I’m concerned that the aspartame has caused permanent nerve damage. But I haven’t given up yet. It’s still so much better than it was. Any insights out there?

The thing that helped me get past the cravings is that I juice. I make a big batch and freeze it so I can thaw it out as I go and it lasts me a long time so I don’t have to do it daily.

It’s mainly vegetables, it has green apples because malic acid is great for your muscles, and it includes lemons and beets because they really detox your liver, which is the main filter for your body. It helps me tremendously. You can always start with just some lemon juice everyday but go slowly until you know how toxic you are and how you’re body reacts. This may sound odd, but ask your body what it wants to help it feel better and see what answer comes to mind.

I am going through detox for drinking huge amounts of diet coke and more recently coke zero. It’s painful and ugly. I’ve been drinking this stuff on and off for 20 years and after seeing a blog about the effects of aspartame poisoning I realised that was where I was at. I feel awful, but my will to get better is stronger.
My symptoms are headaches, fatigue, joint pain, stomach cramping, nausea, dizziness, confusion and I feel really slow! It’s just hideous but I want to be well and I WILL be well. Thanks, Monique.

I quit Diet Coke in September after drinking it for 30+ years every day. I went through the same type withdrawals you are experiencing. I would recommend purchasing Sonne’s No. 7 Detoxificant (main ingredient bentonite clay) and Psyllium Husk. The stomach cramping and nausea went about within 14 hours of taking. It will make you feel so much better!

Good luck and stay determined!

If you stick with it through all the pain and tiredness, it will be well worth it. I can sympathize with you. I went through the same withdrawal for 4 weeks. My best friend was orange juice … As odd as that might sound.

I recently was diagnosed with low white blood cell count, I have been drinking, Tab, Diet Coke and Coke Zero for over 25 years maybe more. Does anyone know if this can contribute to low white blood cell count? I have gone cold turkey for the last 2.5 weeks and feel much better. I am having tests to see why my white cells are low..in the mean time I would love to hear from anyone who has or had this problem.
Good luck to you all, Gwenda

I haven’t had that problem… that I know of, but I do know my immune system is struggling because I’ve been told I’m a slow healer. Please let us know what you find out. Since I’ve been off of aspartame (I was a Tab drinker – Tab at least has less aspartame but even at a lower dosage over the years has caused a lot of the symptoms everyone else is healing from) for 4 months now and it is slow going, but I am improving, and am very grateful for that.

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This is a general interest website containing articles about a wide variety of subjects. Many of these articles are what is commonly referred to as Advertorials.

The term "advertorial" is a combination of "advertisement" and "editorial" written in an editorial format as an independent news story, when in fact the advertisement may promote a particular product or interest. Advertorials take factual information and report it in an editorial format to allow the author, often a company marketing its products, to enhance or explain certain elements to maintain the reader's interest. A familiar example is an airline's in-flight magazines that provide an editorial reports about travel destinations to which the airline flies.

MARKETING DISCLOSURE: This website is a market place. As such you should know that the owner has a monetary connection to the product & services advertised and provided. The owner receives payment whenever a qualified lead. All of the information regarding the goods and services mentioned on this website is provided by the owner. The owner does not recommend or endorse any product or service advertised on this website.

Stomach Flu (Tummy Bug) – Signs, Symptoms and Treatment

Infectious gastroenteritis is often referred to as a tummy bug or the stomach flu. It may be caused by bacteria, viruses or protozoa. The incubation period and duration of the infection may vary depending on the causative microorganism and the action of the microbe or toxins.

The signs and symptoms of acute gastroenteritis should be discernible from other gastrointestinal conditions like irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Proper management is crucial and most of the time, treatment for acute infectious gastroenteritis is only necessary in prolonged cases or immunocompromised patients.

Refer to the article on Causes, Incubation Period and Duration of Infectious Gastroenteritis for further details on these aspects.

The common signs and symptoms include:

  • Nausea
    • Constant and does not always ease after vomiting.
    • Retching is the involuntary but unproductive effort to vomit.
    • Heartburn and chest pain may be present as gastric contents rise up the esophagus coupled with muscle spasm from retching.
  • Vomiting
    • Severe with recurrent retching after expulsion.
    • May settle in the latter stages of the infection although nausea may still be present.
    • Eating solid foods usually aggravates nausea and vomiting.
    • Bloody vomit (hematemesis) is not always present and may only occur with persistent or violent vomiting (refer to gastritis caused by a Mallory-Weiss tear).
  • Diarrhea
    • Frequent, watery stools (large volume) often accompanied by intestinal cramps.
    • Certain infections and persistent diarrhea may result in bloody stools (melena

      black, tarry; hematochezia

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Zentrale Rolle im Genom der Influenza-Viren spielen die Glykoproteine (Eiweiße mit Zuckergruppen) Hämagglutinin und Neuraminidase. Hämagglutinin dient dem Anheften der Viren an Rezeptoren der Wirtszellen, Neuraminidase spielt eine entscheidende Rolle bei der Freisetzung neuer Viren.

Hämagglutinin bindet an spezifische Rezeptoren der Epithelzellen und bewirkt so die Aufnahme des Virus in die Wirtszelle über Endocytose (Einstülpungsvorgang der Zellmembran, bei der ein Teil des Außenmediums in das Zellinnere aufgenommen wird). Hämagglutinin bewirkt weiterhin eine Verschmelzung der Virushülle mit der Zellmembran und das Viruscapsid (Virus-RNA mit Eiweißschutzhülle) wird in die Wirtszelle freigegeben (Uncoating). Dieser Vorgang ist bereits 30 Minuten nach dem Anbinden an die Zelle abgeschlossen. Im weiteren Prozess werden das virale Genom im Zellkern der Wirtszelle kopiert (repliziert) und neue Viruspartikel im Cytosol(flüssige Matrix der ausfüllenden Grundstruktur der Zelle) fertiggestellt. Diese gelangen wieder zur Zellmembran, welche die Viruspartikel umschließt und aus der Zelle transportiert (Exocytose). Die neu entstandenen Viren werden durch die Neuraminidase von den Zellen abgetrennt und können nun weitere Zellen infizieren. [6] Dieser Vorgang ist nach 6 Stunden abgeschlossen. [7]

Die Inkubationszeit ist im Wesentlichen von 2 Punkten abhängig:

  • Dosis der Viruspartikel: Je nach Menge der Viruspartikel kann die genannte Inkubationszeit variieren. Eine sehr hohe Dosis kann somit die Inkubationszeit verkürzen.
  • Verfassung des Infizierten: Der Gesundheitszustand des Betroffenen kann Einfluss auf die Inkubationszeit haben. Bei einem sehr effizienten Immunsystem mit entsprechenden Antikörpern kann der Ausbruch der Krankheit in dieser Zeit sogar noch abgewendet werden. In diesem Fall ist es möglich, dass die Infektion mit dem Virus gar nicht registriert wird.

Hypothyroidism can be diagnosed by a doctor with a TSH (thyroid-stimulating hormone) test and an evaluation of your symptoms. Symptoms of hypothyroidism may be general, such as tiredness and constipation, and can often be confused with other health conditions. Symptoms usually appear slowly, over several months or years. No one can predict exactly which symptoms a person will develop or how severe the symptoms will be. Some people have many symptoms by the time they are diagnosed with hypothyroidism. Others have few, if any, symptoms. Because the symptoms are so variable, it’s important to talk with your doctor about your symptoms and to have a TSH test.

Here are some common symptoms* to look out for:

Weight gain due to fluid retention

Increased sensitivity to cold

Brittle fingernails and hair

Dry, rough, pale skin

Muscle and joint pain

Heavy menstrual bleeding
or irregular periods

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Finding Relief for Your Cough Slideshow

How do health care professionals diagnose the flu (influenza)?

The flu is presumptively diagnosed clinically by the patient's history of association with people known to have the disease and their symptoms listed above. Usually, a quick test (for example, nasopharyngeal swab sample) is done to see if the patient is infected with influenza A or B virus. Most of the tests can distinguish between A and B types. The test can be negative (no flu infection) or positive for types A or B. If it is positive for type A, the person could have a conventional flu strain or a potentially more aggressive strain such as H1N1. Most of the rapid tests are based on PCR technology that identifies the genetic material of the virus. Some rapid influenza diagnostic tests (RIDTs) can screen for influenza in about 10-30 minutes.

Swine flu (H1N1) and other influenza strains like bird flu or H3N2 are definitively diagnosed by identifying the particular surface proteins or genetic material associated with the virus strain. In general, this testing is done in a specialized laboratory. However, doctors' offices are able to send specimens to specialized laboratories if necessary.

Flu is easily spread from person to person both directly and indirectly. The influenza virus can spread to other people in droplets contaminated with the virus. Produced by coughing, sneezing, or even talking, these droplets land near or in the mouth or the nose of uninfected people, and the disease may spread to them. The disease can spread indirectly to others if contaminated droplets land on utensils, dishes, clothing, or almost any surface and then are touched by uninfected people. If the infected person touches their nose or mouth, for example, they transfer or spread the disease to themselves or others.

Quick Guide 10 Foods to Eat When You Have the Flu in Pictures

Most of the illness and death caused by influenza can be prevented by annual influenza vaccination. The CDC's current Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) issued recommendations for everyone 6 months of age and older, who do not have any contraindications to vaccination, to receive a flu vaccine each year.

Flu vaccine (influenza vaccine made from inactivated and sometimes attenuated [noninfective] virus or virus components) is specifically recommended for those who are at high risk for developing serious complications as a result of influenza infection.

A new vaccine type, Fluzone Intradermal, was approved by the FDA in 2011 (for adults 18-64 years of age). This injection goes only into the intradermal area of the skin, not into the muscle (IM) like most conventional flu shots, and uses a much smaller needle than the conventional shots. This killed viral preparation is supposed to be about as effective as the IM shot but claims to produce less pain and fewer side effects (see section below).

Other simple hygiene methods can reduce or prevent some individuals from getting the flu. For example, avoiding kissing, handshakes, and sharing drinks or food with infected people and avoiding touching surfaces like sinks and other items handled by individuals with the flu are good preventive measures. Individuals with the flu should avoid coughing or sneezing on uninfected people; quick hugs are probably okay as long as there is no contact with mucosal surfaces and/or droplets that may contain the virus.

Are there any nasal spray vaccine or flu shot side effects in adults or in children?

Although annual influenza (injectable) vaccination has long been recommended for people in the high-risk groups, many still do not receive the vaccine, often because of their concern about side effects. They mistakenly perceive influenza as merely a nuisance and believe that the vaccine causes unpleasant side effects or that it may even cause the flu. The truth is that influenza vaccine causes no side effects in most people. In the past, patients with egg allergy had restrictions on getting the vaccine. However, extensive research has indicated that there is not enough egg protein in the vaccine to trigger an immune response, and all the recommendations about allergies to eggs has been dropped for the 2017-2018 flu season by several organizations that regulate vaccines. Also, the vaccine is not recommended while individuals have active infections or active diseases of the nervous system. Less than one-third of those who receive the vaccine have some soreness at the vaccination site, and about 5%-10% experience mild side effects, such as headache, low-grade fever, or muscle cramps, for about a day after vaccination; some may develop swollen lymph nodes. These side effects are most likely to occur in children who have not been exposed to the influenza virus in the past. The intradermal shots reportedly have similar side effects as the IM shot but are less intense and may not last as long as the IM shot.

Nevertheless, some older people remember earlier influenza vaccines that did, in fact, produce more unpleasant side effects. Vaccines produced from the 1940s to the mid-1960s were not as highly purified as modern influenza vaccines, and it was these impurities that caused most of the side effects. Since the side effects associated with these early vaccines, such as fever, headache, muscle aches, and/or fatigue and malaise, were similar to some of the symptoms of influenza, people believed that the vaccine had caused them to get the flu. However, injectable influenza vaccine produced in the United States has never been capable of causing influenza because it consists of killed virus.

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Besides elemental iodine, iodide ion is also toxic.

When the level of iodide rises above the normal range, it causes symptoms resembling those of iodine deficiency. For example, goiter (which is formed when the thyroid gland is inflamed) can be caused by excess iodide as well as iodine deficiency.

The toxicities of iodine and iodide ion are the reasons why the body keeps only a trace amount of this element.

However, even this very small amount can cause sensitivity reactions in some people. Although iodine sensitivity is rare, it can still cause hives, rash and anaphylactic shock in affected individuals.

Iodine is supplied in foods and supplements as the iodide ions and it gets into the blood in this form.

The thyroid gland takes up iodide ions from the blood and uses them to manufacture thyroid hormones (T3 and T4) which are then released back into the body.

In a simple, well-structured system of control, the syntheses of T3 and T4 are controlled by another hormone (TSH or thyroid-stimulating hormone) released from the pituitary gland which itself is under the control of a fourth hormone (TRH or thyrotropin-releasing hormone) released from the hypothalamus.

T3 is the more active of the two thyroid hormones and, in most cases, T4 serves only as a precursor to T3. However, 90% of the hormones released from the thyroid gland is T4.

The conversion of T4 to T3 depends on a group of enzymes that needs selenium. Therefore, selenium supplementation may be added to iodine to improve thyroid function.

However, these selenium-dependent enzymes are also responsible for the conversion of T4 to reverse T3 and the conversion of T3 to T2 (diiodothyronine). While most experts once believed that both T2 and reverse T3 are inactive, new evidence suggests that reverse T3 is actually an anti-thyroid hormone that blocks T3.

The thyroid hormones (but mostly T3) act at the genetic level to regulate the basal metabolic rate.

When the production of these hormones slow down considerably, the resting metabolic rate of the body can reduce by as much as 50%. However, when these hormones are released in excess, the rate of metabolism can double.

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    Spread by fomites (e.g. human clothing, footwear or injection needles) or by biting insects is also possible.

    Pig movements have been significant in the UK outbreaks, particularly in the early outbreaks. Local spread (particularly to pigs within 1 km of infected farms) has also been important.

    East Anglia has a large population of birds, deer, dogs and foxes which might be mechanically spreading the CSF virus. This is also a time of year for spreading pig manure on the land. "Local spread" (to farms within 1 km) was a significant factor in the huge Dutch CSF epidemic of 1997-8. Attempts to spread the virus experimentally via rats have been unsuccessful.

    Outbreaks have occurred widely in the world. The disease is enzootic in some European countries, South America and the Far East.

    In the European Union (EU) CSF is enzootic in the wild boar populations of Germany & Italy (Sardinia).

    In the year 2000 there have been outbreaks in Bulgaria and Thailand. Most of us assume that virus is enzootic in China. In 1999 there were outbreaks reported in Argentina, Croatia, Germany, Italy and Luxembourg.

    The island of Sardinia had 17 outbreaks of classical swine fever in 1998 and 6 in 1999. African swine fever is also enzootic (endemic) in Sardinia. In March 1999 four CSF outbreaks occurred in the regions of Piedmont and Emilia-Romagna in Italy.

    CSF was eradicated from Britain in 1966, although there have subsequently been limited outbreaks in 1971, 1986 and 1987 as a result of infected meat being fed in swill (waste food feeding).

    Eradicated from the USA in 1978 after a 16 year programme.

    In herds with suspicious clinical symptoms, diagnosis can be confirmed by:

      • RT-PCR (reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction)
        positive results available in 24 hours
      • serology (blood antibody tests):
        takes 24 hr for ELISA, 5 days for serum neutralisation test (SNT)
      • fluorescent antibody test on cryostat sections of autopsy tissues
        from pigs with clinical symptoms of CSF (24hr for result)
      • virus isolation from affected pigs: 3-5 days for result.

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    Travelers who return from a place where they may have been bitten by a mosquito carrying Zika, but do not have symptoms, can ask their doctor to be tested, but they will likely be low priority. Typically if a person does get sick, the symptoms will last for several days to a week.

    • Angioedema AND Flu-like symptoms - Causes of All Symptoms
    • Angioedema OR Flu-like symptoms - 232 causes

    Results: 232 causes of Angioedema OR Flu-like symptoms

    Research the causes of these more general types of symptom:

    • Swelling symptoms (3730 causes)
    • Skin symptoms (5992 causes)
    • Skin problems (3422 causes)
    • more symptoms. »

    • Warning - Beta version - information may be incorrect (details)
    • Disclaimer - Do not use this information for diagnosis (details)
    • Important - See your doctor - Only a doctor can give an accurate diagnosis (details)

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    By using this site you agree to our Terms of Use. Information provided on this site is for informational purposes only; it is not intended as a substitute for advice from your own medical team. The information on this site is not to be used for diagnosing or treating any health concerns you may have - please contact your physician or health care professional for all your medical needs. Please see our Terms of Use.

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    The lungs of infected monkeys were destroyed in just days as their immune systems went into overdrive after a Canadian laboratory rebuilt the virus.

    The reason for the lethal nature of the 1918 flu was never fully understood.

    But the experts behind this test say they have found a human gene which may help explain its unusual virulence.

    They are hoping to help control any future pandemic and believe that the strain may hold clues that will help them.

    Despite the large number of casualties at the time, doctors had no way to preserve tissue samples taken from infected patients, so researchers used an ingenious method to overcome this.

    The preserved body of a flu victim buried in Arctic permafrost was exhumed, and they painstakingly extracted the genetic material needed to work out the structure of the H1N1 virus.

    Then, in a maximum "biosafety" facility at Canada's National Microbiology Laboratory they reconstructed a fully functioning virus, and infected macaque monkeys to see what would happen.

    Writing in the journal Nature, they reported that the results were startling. Symptoms appeared within 24 hours of exposure to the virus, and the subsequent destruction of lung tissue was so widespread that, had the monkeys not been killed a few days later, they would literally have drowned in their own blood.

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    I haven’t heard that it causes a low WBC count but mine has been low for years. It will be interesting to see if it’s changed the next time I go to the doctor. I haven’t had anything diet in about 7 weeks.

    Congratulations. You’ve given yourself a wonderful gift. May you keep feeling better and better.

    I gave up all aspartame products back in September and lasted almost 4 months then my parents visited end of December and I was back on it!
    All was going ok til about a month ago and now I am back to an odd feeling in my ears, my allergies are worsened, my stomach is ultra sensitive, my legs ache and have weird bruises, my fingers ache, I get tingling and numbness in my hands and feet, depression and anxiety.
    This time I need to quit for good!!

    Sarah I have had swelling in the legs, headaches, ringing in the ears,aching joints, bad skin, tingling and numbness in my hands and feet, depression, anxiety at times..I hope you can stay off it, I have been off it for 3 weeks and I will never go back, it is far to frightening-I want to live a long life, I wish you the same GIVE IT UP GIRL and good luck

    4 days off the evil stuff, have not had many withdrawal symptoms just nausea, lack of appetite, trouble sleeping, lethargy and mood swings but my raynauds is gone, my joints are feeling better, the tingling in my leg has gone and a lot of the other aches and pains are disappearing!

    Hi Gwenda, your post has inspired me. I am totally addicted to diet coke and I want so badly to be able to quit and trying to prepare myself to try again. I know I am unhealthy and I know I am probably slowly killing myself. I am wondering if you were able to continue being free from the addiction and how your symptoms are now. Did the ringing in the ears stop? Thanks so much!

    I just quit aspartame because I’ve been trying to get pregnant for the last year and I’ve succeeded a few times. But, unfortunately it never lasts longer than 6 weeks. I started taking progesterone to help. But, then I remembered someone mentioning aspartame to me about five years ago and I blew off the warning. So, I looked it up and sure enough, I found it causes miscarriage and birth defects. I’m now convinced that the reason such a HUGE number of children are born with autism these days and an even larger number are diagnosed with ADHD and it’s because of aspartame, along with the rest off the artificial sweeteners. I’m including those “made from real sugar” like Splenda. I was drinking diet caffeine free Dr Pepper. So, I’m thinking maybe the withdrawal everyone’s complaining about are caffeine withdrawals. I have been drinking purely soda as my only fluid since high school at the latest. I can’t remember when I started on sodas and I can’t remember ever drinking anything but. So, since at least 1987, when I was 12. I quit caffeine in 12 days by drinking caffeine free Dr Pepper and when I’d start getting a headache, I would drink one of the caffeinated cans that are like 8 ounces, tiny. But, I haven’t had any soda in five days. No withdrawal. I miss the sharp carbonation on my throat, but my future baby is more than worth it.

    What I’m trying to find out is how long before the aspartame is out of my system? If you know that, please email me.

    Thanks for all this info. I want to see the long list of the complications of aspartame too. I’m 38 and have had tendonitis for years, along with joint pain, hair loss, major memory problems, etc.

    I just quit Diet Coke, after a friend telling me about aspartame.
    I was telling him how bad my finger joints had gotten in the past few weeks. I had gotten to where I had to quit my business because I could not use my fingers. Swollen joints, high pain from joint movement, and excruciating pain when I would even just move my fingers. Many things just got impossible to do.

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    26th December, The Island of Martinique becomes the latest country in the region to confirm reports of the autochthonous or local transmission of the mosquito borne Zika virus. The Pan American Health Organisation (PAHO), says the French speaking Caribbean nation is the 11th country in the Americas to report the virus this year and the 12th to report local transmission.

    The Puerto Rico Department of Health reported today the first locally acquired case of Zika virus infection in Puerto Rico. Zika was confirmed in a resident of Puerto Rico with no known travel history.

    Barbados, Haiti and Guyana have all confirmed cases of Zika Virus in their respective countries. On Thursday 14th January 2016 Haiti and Guyana confirmed cases of Zika Virus and on Friday 15th January, Barbados also confirmed 3 cases of Zikv.

    The Center for disease control issues advisory to pregnant women and those trying to conceive to postpone travel to countries that are experiencing Zika virus outbreaks in South America and The Caribbean. The countries mentioned are: Brazil, Colombia, El Salvador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Martinique, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay, Suriname, Venezuela, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico.

    The World Health Organisation director Margaret Chan has declared that the Zika virus constitute a public health emergency of international concern.

    The first case of Zika Virus transmission was reported in Texas, USA this week. It is likely that the virus was contracted through sexual contact, said local health officials.

    Health officials in Colombia have announced the deaths of three people who had been infected with the Zika Virus and subsequently developed Guillain-Barre syndrome. Alejandro Gaviria, the Colombian health minister, stated that there was a "causal connection" between Zika, the Guillain-Barre disorder and the three deaths. Six further deaths are under investigation for a possible link to Zika Virus.

    Physicians in Crop Sprayed Towns (PCST), a group of physicians in Brazil, have claimed that the Zika Virus is not responsible for the dramatic rise in cases of Microcephaly. The tenfold increase of newborn babies with Microcephaly in Brazil, has alarmed Health officials around the world. Although the Zika Virus has never been officially linked with Microcephaly, there was strong suggestion from the World Health organisation and the CDC that the virus was the culprit.

    The U.S Centers for Disease Control have advised pregnant women or women trying to conceive to avoid areas with Zika Virus outbreaks. They have also advised pregnant women to reconsider going to the 2016 Olympic Games in Brazil if they had planned to do so. Both women and their partners should be very cautious concerning the Zika Virus after it was discovered that the virus may be also be passed through sexual contact as well as the traditional route via the aedes aegypti mosquito.

    On 14th April 2016 Dr Tom Frieden, the head of the CDC, confirmed that the Zika Virus does indeed cause Microcephaly and several other birth defects in babies. He stated that 'This study marks a turning point in the Zika outbreak. It is now clear that the virus causes microcephaly'. The Zika virus was previously beleived to have caused the birth defects seen in newborn babies, characterized by unusually small heads, and this has now been confirmed by the CDC.

    Flu Treatments and Natural Remedies. In the United States, October through May is flu season. In the month of February you in the peak season for the flu. When people start getting runny noses and cough, they often pray they are not getting the more serious of the two illnesses.

    Both the flu and common cold start with similar symptoms, but there is a distinct difference between the two. OK, so you don’t feel good. You have a sore throat, you are achy, stiff and feel like you are getting a fever. Knowing the difference between the common cold and the flu will make the difference in both prevention and treatment.

    You may have a persistent cough with no fever and no other symptoms. This may be anything from allergies to an ado-virus. Though the flu and a cold are similar, they are very different. Many people have had the flu and initially thought it was cold. How often have you been sick and three days later you felt much better and decided to go back to work? You don’t know what you had, but you were so glad whatever it was, it left!

    The flu is a contagious respiratory illness caused by the influenza virus. The onset of Flu symptoms is usually more sudden and more violent. Coughing, aches, fever, chills are all possible symptomes of the flu. Every year thousands of people die each year from the flu and complications such as pneumonia. The flu can be extremely dangerous for the elderly, babies, those with the auto-immune or respiratory disease. Flu symptoms most always include low to high-grade fevers. Children who get the flu tend to have those higher grade fevers.

    Symptoms of the Flu.

    • Chills
    • Headaches
    • Diarrhea
    • Nausea
    • Vomiting
    • Body aches and joint pain