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Detecting early symptoms of the flu can prevent the spread of the virus and possibly help you treat the illness before it gets worse. Early symptoms can include:
There are also early flu symptoms that are unique to children.
Read on to learn more about all of these symptoms and how you can find relief.
Shorter days and reduced sunlight can make you feel tired, but there’s a difference between being tired and experiencing extreme fatigue. Sudden, excessive fatigue is one of the earliest signs of the flu, and it may appear before other symptoms. Fatigue is also a symptom of the common cold, but it’s usually more severe with the flu. Extreme weakness and tiredness may interfere with your normal activities, so it’s important that you limit activity and allow your body to rest. Take a few days off from work or school and stay in bed. Rest can strengthen your immune system and help you fight the virus.
Body aches and chills are also common flu symptoms. If you’re coming down with the flu virus, you may mistakenly blame body aches on something else, such as a recent workout. Body aches can manifest anywhere in the body, especially in the head, back, and legs. Chills may also accompany body aches and the flu may cause chills even before a fever develops. Wrapping yourself in a warm blanket can increase your body temperature and reduce chills. If you have body aches, you can take over-the-counter pain medication, such as acetaminophen (Tylenol) or ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin).
A persistent cough can indicate an early illness and it may be a warning sign of the flu. The flu virus can also cause a cough with wheezing and chest tightness. You might cough up phlegm or mucus, but this is rare in the early stages of the flu.
If you have respiratory problems, such as asthma or emphysema, you may need to consult a doctor to prevent further complications. Also, call a doctor if you notice colored phlegm. Flu complications can include bronchitis and pneumonia. Take cough drops or cough medicine to calm a cough. It can also help to keep yourself and your throat hydrated with lots of water and caffeine-free teas. Always cover your cough to prevent spreading the infection.
Flu-related coughing can quickly lead to a sore throat. Some viruses can actually cause a swollen throat without a cough. In the earliest stages of the flu, your throat may feel scratchy and irritated. You may also feel a strange sensation when you swallow food or drinks. If you have a sore throat, it will likely get worse as the virus progresses. Stock up on caffeine-free tea, chicken soup, and water. You can also gargle with 8 oz. of warm water, 1 tsp. of salt, and 1/2 tsp. of baking soda.
The best treatment for mono is plenty of rest, especially early in the course of the illness when symptoms are the most severe. Acetaminophen or ibuprofen can help to relieve a fever and aching muscles. Never give aspirin to a child who has a viral illness because its use has been linked to Reye syndrome, which may lead to liver failure and can even be fatal.
In most cases, mono symptoms go away in a matter of weeks with plenty of rest and fluids. If they seem to linger, or if you have any other questions, talk with your child's doctor.
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Deadly New Virus Warning: What are the Symptoms Of The Virus That Killed 8?
By iScienceTimes Staff on March 8, 2013 12:54 PM EST
A deadly new virus warning has been issued by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). In a statement released Thursday, the CDC warned state and local health officials about potential infections from a deadly new virus that has never been seen before in humans.
"Genetic sequence analyses have shown that this new virus is different from any other known human coronaviruses," the CDC stated in its Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.
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The new virus has infected 14 people and killed eight since it was first reported in Sept. 2012. Most of the infections have occurred in the Middle East, specifically Saudi Arabia, Qatar and Jordan, with three instances in the United Kingdom. No cases have been reported in the U.S., the CDC noted.
According to the CDC's analysis, the virus is a coronavirus, which are thought to cause the majority of all common colds in human adults. It is also part of the same family of viruses that caused the deadly outbreak of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) that first emerged in Asia in 2003, Fox News reports. When SARS first appeared, it quickly spread to more than two dozen countries in North America, South America, Europe and Asia before it was contained. There were 774 total deaths reported that were caused by SARS, most of which were in China. Viruses of the coronavirus family also cause a number of diseases in animals.
Three of the deadly new virus cases occurred in the UK within a single family. The small outbreak began with a 60-year-old man who had recently traveled to Pakistan and Saudi Arabia, and who developed a respiratory illness on Jan. 24 while still in the Middle East. The man was hospitalized after returning to the UK, and has been receiving intensive care. Another man living in the 60-year-old's household also got the virus and developed a respiratory illness on Feb. 6. He died shortly after. A second individual, a female in the house, developed a respiratory illness on Feb. 5, but did not need to be hospitalized and has recovered. This is how the CDC learned that the virus can be transmitted through human-to-human contact.
Symptoms of infection with this deadly new virus include severe acute respiratory illness with fever, cough and shortness of breath. The CDC recommends that anyone who traveled from the Arabian Peninsula recently who develops an unexplained respiratory infection within ten days should seek immediate medical treatment. The CDC has yet to issue a warning about restricting travel to the areas affected by the deadly new virus.
Updates related to the deadly new virus can be found at www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/ncv/.
Chest Pain or Chest Discomfort: Few symptoms are more alarming than chest pain. In the minds of many people, chest pain equals heart pain. And while many other conditions can cause chest pain, cardiac disease is so common - and so dangerous - that the symptom of chest pain should never be dismissed out of hand as being insignificant. "Chest pain" is an imprecise term. It is often used to describe any pain, pressure, squeezing, choking, numbness or any other discomfort in the chest, neck, or upper abdomen, and is often associated with pain in the jaw, head, or arms. It can last from less than a second to days or weeks, can occur frequently or rarely, and can occur sporadically or predictably. This description of chest pain is obviously very vague, and as you might expect, many medical conditions aside from heart disease can produce symptoms like this.
Lightheadedness or Dizziness: Episodes of lightheadedness or dizziness can have many causes, including anemia (low blood count) and other blood disorders, dehydration, viral illnesses, prolonged bed rest, diabetes, thyroid disease, gastrointestinal disturbances, liver disease, kidney disease, vascular disease, neurological disorders, dysautonomias, vasovagal episodes, heart failureand cardiac arrhythmias. Because so many different conditions can produce these symptoms, anybody experiencing episodes of lightheadedness or dizziness ought to have a thorough and complete examination by a physician. And since disorders of so many organ systems can cause these symptoms, a good general internist or family doctor may be the best place to start.
Syncope (Fainting/Loss of Consciousness): Syncope is a sudden and temporary loss of consciousness, or fainting. It is a common symptom - most people pass out at least once in their lives - and often does not indicate a serious medical problem. However, sometimes syncope indicates a dangerous or even life-threatening condition, so when syncope occurs it is important to figure out the cause.
Fatigue, Lethargy or Daytime Sleepiness: Fatigue, lethargy or somnolence (daytime sleepiness) are very common symptoms. Fatigue or lethargy can be thought of as an inability to continue functioning at one's normal levels. Somnolence implies, in addition, that one either craves sleep - or worse, finds oneself suddenly asleep, a condition known as narcolepsy - during the daytime. While fatigue and lethargy can be symptoms of heart disease (particularly, of heart failure), these common and non-specific symptoms can also be due to disorders of virtually any other organ system in the body. Similar to lightheadedness and dizziness, individuals with fatigue and lethargy need a good general medical evaluation in order to begin pinning down a specific cause. Somnolence is often caused by nocturnal sleep disorders such as sleep apnea, restless leg syndrome or insomnia. All these sleep disturbances, however, are more common in patients with heart disease.
Treatment of the Common Cold in Children and Adults
JULIA FASHNER, MD; KEVIN ERICSON, MD; and SARAH WERNER, DO, St. Joseph Family Medicine Residency, Mishawaka, Indiana
Am Fam Physician. 2012 Jul 15;86(2):153-159.
Patient information: See related handouts on treating the common cold in adults and in children, written by the authors of this article.
The common cold, or upper respiratory tract infection, is one of the leading reasons for physician visits. Generally caused by viruses, the common cold is treated symptomatically. Antibiotics are not effective in children or adults. In children, there is a potential for harm and no benefits with over-the-counter cough and cold medications; therefore, they should not be used in children younger than four years. Other commonly used medications, such as inhaled corticosteroids, oral prednisolone, and Echinacea, also are ineffective in children. Products that improve symptoms in children include vapor rub, zinc sulfate, Pelargonium sidoides (geranium) extract, and buckwheat honey. Prophylactic probiotics, zinc sulfate, nasal saline irrigation, and the herbal preparation Chizukit reduce the incidence of colds in children. For adults, antihistamines, intranasal corticosteroids, codeine, nasal saline irrigation, Echinacea angustifolia preparations, and steam inhalation are ineffective at relieving cold symptoms. Pseudoephedrine, phenylephrine, inhaled ipratropium, and zinc (acetate or gluconate) modestly reduce the severity and duration of symptoms for adults. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and some herbal preparations, including Echinacea purpurea, improve symptoms in adults. Prophylactic use of garlic may decrease the frequency of colds in adults, but has no effect on duration of symptoms. Hand hygiene reduces the spread of viruses that cause cold illnesses. Prophylactic vitamin C modestly reduces cold symptom duration in adults and children.
The common cold, or upper respiratory tract infection, usually is caused by one of several respiratory viruses, most commonly rhinovirus. These viruses, which concentrate in nasal secretions, are easily transmitted through sneezing, coughing, or nose blowing. Signs and symptoms of the common cold include fever, cough, rhinorrhea, nasal congestion, sore throat, headache, and myalgias.
Antibiotics should not be used for the treatment of cold symptoms in children or adults.
Over-the-counter cough and cold medications should not be used in children younger than four years because of potential harms and lack of benefit.
Treatment with buckwheat honey, Pelargonium sidoides (geranium) extract (Umcka Coldcare), nasal saline irrigation, vapor rub, or zinc sulfate may decrease cold symptoms in children.
Codeine is not effective for cough in adults.
Antihistamine monotherapy (sedating and nonsedating) does not improve cold symptoms in adults.
Decongestants, antihistamine/decongestant combinations, and intranasal ipratropium (Atrovent) may improve cold symptoms in adults.
Kaposi's Sarcoma — This is the most common AIDS-related cancer. It causes reddish-purple lesions that usually appear on the skin. They also can appear on the lymph nodes, mouth, gastrointestinal tract and lungs.
Shingles — Shingles are caused by a reactivation of the chicken pox virus. It may cause a painful rash or blisters that follow the path of nerves.
Reviewed by health care specialists at UCSF Medical Center.
As pancreatic cancer develops in the body, it may cause some of the following symptoms. The symptoms and severity can vary for each person but it’s important that if you are experiencing any, which are persistent and not normal for you, that you visit your GP or call NHS 111.
- Diabetes – new on-set and not associated with weight gain
- Nausea and vomiting
- Loss appetite
- Pain when eating
Not everyone will have all of these symptoms. For example, those who have a tumour in the body or tail of the pancreas are unlikely to have painless jaundice. All of these symptoms can have other causes, and there is not yet a reliable and easy test for pancreatic cancer.
However, if you regularly experience ONE OR MORE of these symptoms which are NOT NORMAL FOR YOU, DO NOT IGNORE THEM, contact your GP straight away.
Keeping track of any symptoms you may be experiencing can be useful when discussing them with your GP. Click here for the Pancreatic Cancer Action symptoms diary.
30% of patients will have yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes, jaundice, when they first go to the doctors. This is related to the tumour blocking the bile duct which leads to a build-up of bile in the liver.
Jaundice may be more obvious in the whites of the eyes and bad jaundice can cause itching of the skin. For more information on jaundice click here.
Approximately 70 per cent of patients with pancreatic cancer go to the doctor initially due to pain. This pain is often described as beginning in the stomach area and radiating around to the upper back (just above where a woman’s bra strap would be).
Generally the reason for the pain is because of the tumour pressing against your abdomen and spine.
A tumour in the pancreas can cause bowel disturbances which means you do not absorb your food properly. This will result in regular, large bowel movements of pale and smelly stool. This can also cause weight loss.
Many of our patients or relatives have said that they have experienced mood changes before being diagnosed.
Mild to severe depression can often present itself in the early stages of pancreatic cancer. This is why if someone who has never suffered from a severe bout of depression before should express their concerns to their GP. It can often highlight a medical problem in the very early stages.
Pancreatic cancer can cause diabetes. A pancreatic tumour can interfere with insulin production in the pancreas which can lead to new onset diabetes.
You may have diabetes if you have low energy, pass more urine than normal and feel extremely thirsty.
For general health information including information on pancreatic cancer
The information provided in this site, or through links to other websites, is not a substitute for medical or professional care and should not be relied upon as such. Read our disclaimer.
- Schwangere ab dem zweiten Schwangerschaftsdrittel
- Ältere Menschen (ab 60 Jahre)
- Menschen mit Immunschwäche (durch Diabetes, Asthma oder Herz-Kreislauf-Erkrankungen)
- Menschen, die berufsbedingten Kontakt zu anderen Menschen haben (vor allem auch medizinisches Personal)
Diese Gesellschaftsgruppen sind entweder durch eine Vorerkrankung oder bestimmte Tätigkeiten besonders gefährdet. Vor allem für Menschen mit einem bereits geschwächten Immunsystem ist eine Grippeimpfung sinnvoll, da in diesen Fällen die Krankheit besonders schwer und lange ausfallen kann.
Um sich vor Influenzaviren zu schützen, gibt es grundsätzlich auch weitere Möglichkeiten:
- Oft und gründlich (mit Seife!) die Hände waschen und diese gut trocken putzen mit sauberen Tüchern
- Vermeiden Sie auch Kontakt zu den Schleimhäuten, wie Mund und Augen
- Halten Sie Abstand zu bereits Erkrankten und generell in einer Phase der Grippewelle, ist es ratsam anderen Menschen nicht zu nahe zu kommen
- Immunsystem stärken mit gesunder Ernährung und Bewegung
Fentanyl is one of the strongest opiate drugs on the market. It is not a long-lasting drug so it is often used for surgery recovery and for breakthrough pain—meaning that when a person is already taking an opiate but has temporary pain that breaks through the opiate barrier, they may be given fentanyl.
Time-release formulations for fentanyl provide strong pain relief over time. They come in two forms—a lollipop and a patch. Fentanyl also comes as a small piece of film that can be dissolved under the tongue and a pill meant to be lodged inside the cheek. In hospital settings, fentanyl can be injected. For the individual abusing the drug outside a hospital, this is highly dangerous, as the difference between a therapeutic dose and a deadly dose is very small.
Several years ago illicit fentanyl entered the scene of the developing opioid crisis, where addicts seeking a stronger high were willing to risk overdose by using heroin cut with the drug. The fact that fentanyl is 50 to 100 times stronger than morphine, even a tiny bit too much can be fatal. When dealers began mixing unknown amounts of fentanyl with heroin and other drugs in order to increase their profits—often selling to an unsuspecting customer—overdose began to take the life of countless individuals across the U.S.
As with any opiate, the main symptoms of fentanyl abuse are euphoria, drowsiness, lethargy and mellowness. Fentanyl very quickly creates a tolerance to high doses, so a dose that is adequate for the intended high one week will probably not create that intended high even a few days later.
There are many other signs and symptoms of using fentanyl, either medically or illicitly, that are not desirable.
- Dizziness and lightheadedness
- Dry mouth
- Retention of urine
- Suppression of breathing
- Severe constipation
- Itching or hives
- Nausea and vomiting
- Loss of appetite
- Weight loss
- Difficulty seeing
- Bad dreams
- Difficulty sleeping
- Swollen extremities
In most cases, addiction is accompanied by a deterioration in personal integrity. It takes many unethical or criminal acts to maintain an addiction over time—either expenditure of large amounts of personal money or thefts, prescription fraud, doctor-shopping or other crimes, to get the drugs that are needed. A fentanyl addict normally has secrets from most or all of the people they encounter regularly. If the thefts are from a workplace, as often happens, they will be living a secret life while at work. Hospitals, pharmacies and nursing homes are often the sites of fentanyl theft by desperate employees.