There are many different flu viruses. Each year, a new flu vaccine is developed. It is designed to fight 4 flu viruses that scientists expect to be most common that year. This yearly vaccine is also called the "seasonal flu vaccine" or the "annual flu vaccine." "Seasonal" doesn't mean you need to get a flu vaccine every spring, summer, fall, and winter. You only need it once a year.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) does not recommend the nasal spray this flu season. Studies found the nasal spray offered little or no protection for children ages 2 through 17 last flu season.

The flu vaccine works most of the time. Each year's flu vaccine fights the 4 most common flu viruses for that year. If they come in contact with a different flu virus, they could still get the flu. But getting the flu vaccine is always better than not getting it.

The inactive flu viruses in the vaccine trick the body into thinking it is being infected, so the body builds immunity against the flu. Then, if a real flu virus tries to infect that person, their body is ready to fight against it.

Can you still get the flu after you get a flu shot?

Yes, but even if you get the flu, the vaccine can help lessen the symptoms. The flu vaccine takes about two weeks to work.

No, a flu shot cannot cause flu illness.

Someone I know didn't feel well after getting the flu vaccine. Why?

Flu vaccines have been given since the 1940's, hundreds of millions of times. Almost all people who get one have no serious problems. Sometimes people get sore at the spot where they get a vaccine. Very rarely, some people get a fever, pain or weakness after getting the flu shot. In both cases, this usually goes away in a day or two.

A vaccine, like any medicine, may cause serious allergic reactions in very rare cases. Get medical help right away if hoarseness or wheezing, hives, paleness, weakness, a fast heartbeat, or dizziness occur after getting the shot. Also, about 1 person in a million can get an illness called Guillain-Barre Syndrome (GBS) following the flu vaccine.

symptome influenza 2017 -

…flu vaccine yearly vaccination is given for a specific year to protect humans against disease caused by influenza viruses or highly variable influenza. Each flu-shot, the seasonal flu…

promising treatment for pulmonary influenza-related injury

…promising treatment for pulmonary influenza-related injury; electron micrograph Colorized transmission of avian influenza virus a H5N1. Credit: Public Domain (Medical Xpress) –Influenza is highly contagious, and often causes…

Why flu patients are given unnecessary antibiotics?

…Why flu patients are given unnecessary antibiotics?; Taking antibiotics will not help patients suffering from influenza, a viral disease, but nearly 30 percent of flu patients who were…

Now antibody increases the chances of survival of patients suffering from flu and pneumonia

…Singapore, 14 February: researchers have developed an antibody that increases the chances of survival of patients suffering from influenza and pneumonia. Proven effective in laboratory tests, the antibody…

…90-year-old driving across the country, an increase of 12,400 from the current number of 70,000 in 2017. Older of 80 years on the road also increased, from 22 percent from…

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Si vos symptômes s’aggravent ou ne s’améliorent pas après 7 jours, vous devez également consulter un médecin le jour même.

Vous pouvez obtenir une consultation le jour même ou le lendemain dans une ressource près de chez vous. Pour en savoir plus ou pour trouver une de ces ressources, consultez la page Trouver une ressource qui offre de la consultation médicale le jour même ou le lendemain.

Vous devez vous rendre immédiatement à l’urgence si vous avez des symptômes de la grippe et que vous présentez aussi l’un des symptômes suivants:

  • difficulté à respirer qui persiste ou qui augmente;
  • lèvres bleues;
  • douleur intense à la poitrine;
  • douleur intense à la tête qui persiste ou qui augmente;
  • somnolence, difficulté à rester éveillé, faiblesse;
  • confusion, désorientation;
  • convulsions (le corps se raidit et les muscles se contractent de façon saccadée et involontaire);
  • absence d’urine depuis 12 heures, soif intense.

Si votre bébé de moins de 3 mois a de la fièvre, amenez-le à l’urgence rapidement.

Si votre enfant a de la fièvre et qu’il semble très malade, qu’il manque d’énergie et qu’il refuse de jouer, amenez-le consulter un médecin rapidement ou appelez Info-Santé 811.

Si vous avez besoin d’aide immédiate pour vous rendre à l’urgence, composez le 9-1-1.

Certaines situations nécessitent l’évaluation d’une infirmière, qui pourra vous fournir des conseils spécifiques concernant votre situation. Elle pourra aussi vous indiquer si vous devriez consulter un médecin rapidement ou non.

Vous devriez donc appeler Info-Santé 811 si vous-même ou votre enfant êtes dans l’une des situations suivantes:

  • vous êtes essoufflé;
  • vous avez de la difficulté à respirer;
  • vous ne savez pas si vous devez consulter un médecin

La plupart des personnes en bonne santé guérissent de la grippe par elles-mêmes au bout de 5 à 7 jours. Il faut bien se reposer et se nourrir selon son appétit.

La toux et la fatigue peuvent toutefois durer jusqu’à 2 semaines, et même plus.

Vous pouvez soulager les symptômes de la grippe en prenant les mesures suivantes:

Si vous avez de la fièvre, votre corps perd naturellement beaucoup de liquide, surtout par la transpiration. Il est donc important de boire beaucoup et souvent.

  • Buvez de préférence des liquides froids ou chauds: eau, lait, jus, bouillon.
  • Évitez les boissons alcoolisées ou contenant de la caféine comme le café, le thé et les boissons énergisantes. Comme ces boissons font uriner, elles font augmenter la perte de liquide.

En l’absence de complications ou de facteurs de risque de complications, le traitement de la grippe ne nécessite pas de médicaments prescrits. Toutefois, pour soulager la fièvre et la douleur, vous pouvez prendre des médicaments offerts en vente libre comme l’acétaminophène, par exemple du Tylenol MD, ou l’ibuprofène, par exemple de l'Advil MD.

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Action on Human System: Irritant

  • Internal Exposure:
  • External Exposure: Slight irritant of eyes, nose, and skin
  • Chronic Exposure:

Chemical Family: Bensoic and Benzilic Derivatives - chloramben(C), Amiben(T)


Type of Pesticide: Insecticides, herbicides

Action on Human System: Irritant

  • Internal Exposure:
  • External Exposure: Irritating to skin and respiratory tract
  • Chronic Exposure:

Chemical Family: Benzonitriles - bromoxynil(C), Buctril(T)


Type of Pesticide: Fungicides, Herbicides

Action on Human System: Irritant

  • Internal Exposure: Moderately irritating to lungs
  • External Exposure: Moderately irritating to skin
  • Chronic Exposure:

Chemical Family: Dithiocarbamates - mancozeb(C), Dithane M-45(T)


Type of Pesticide: Herbicides, fungicides

Action on Human System: Do not inhibit cholinesterase; mild irritants.

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Up to 71% of individuals presenting for alcohol detoxification manifest significant symptoms of alcohol withdrawal. Alcohol withdrawal is a clinical syndrome that affects people accustomed to regular alcohol intake who either decrease their alcohol consumption or stop drinking completely.

The report continues to list symptoms common to withdrawal from alcohol. Beginning with the least severe and most common symptoms, the report states:

  • Tremor (shakes)
  • Craving for alcohol
  • Anxiety
  • Insomnia
  • Vivid dreams
  • Agitation
  • Irritability
  • Loss of appetite
  • Vomiting
  • Headache
  • Sweating

Alcohol Impacts the Body, and Brain

Severe symptoms, according to the report, are potentially much more dangerous, and are deserving of in depth description:

  • Delirium tremens (DTs): “DTs are much more serious than the “alcohol shakes”—5% of patients who experience DTs die from metabolic complications… DTs, which present within 2 to 4 days of the last drink (and can last up to 3 to 4 days), are characterized by disorientation, persistent visual and auditory hallucinations, agitation and tremulousness, and autonomic signs resulting from the activation of stress-related hormones. These signs include tachycardia [an abnormally rapid heart rate], hypertension, and fevers.”
  • Seizures: “Grand mal seizures can occur in up to 25% of alcoholics undergoing withdrawal.4 If alcohol-related seizures do occur, they generally do so within 1 day of cessation of alcohol intake, but can occur up to 5 days later” (Asplund, et.al)

There are many factors which determine the severity and duration of symptoms relating to withdrawal from alcohol. Risk factors, according to the report authored by the team at the Dewitt Army Community Hospital include: “…duration of alcohol consumption, the number of lifetime prior detoxifications, prior seizures, prior episodes of DTs, and current intense craving for alcohol” (Asplund, et.al). In order to determine the proper course for alcohol detoxification, the patient will typically undergo a series of tests in order to establish the extent of physical and psychiatric injury brought about by the abuse of alcohol. Tests for potential complications include:

  • Gastritis [inflammation of the lining of the stomach]
  • Gastrointestinal bleeding
  • Liver disease
  • Cardiomyopathy [chronic disease of the heart muscle]
  • Pancreatitis
  • Neurological impairment
  • Electrolyte imbalances
  • Nutritional deficiencies

While hospitalized, the patient in withdrawal is monitored closely for the following psychiatric concerns: “Unstable mood disorders—delirium, psychosis, severe depression, suicidal or homicidal ideation—while potentially difficult to assess during intoxication, need to be considered and ruled out”(Asplund, et.al).

While it may appear that most medical professionals are well prepared to deal with the patient obviously suffering through alcohol withdrawal symptoms, the fact is that many who are hospitalized are not accurately diagnosed as being in withdrawal. Disturbingly, according to an article published in 2010 by Jose Maldonado M.D. entitled An Approach to the Patient with Substance Use and Abuse, a poll of physicians clearly illustrates concerns relating to the confidence with which physicians treat the patient with alcohol withdrawal symptoms. Consider from Dr. Maldonado’s report:

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Grippe

"Erkältung" (grippaler Infekt)

plötzliches Fieber von mindestens 38,5°C

langsam ansteigendes oder gar kein Fieber

Fieber meist länger als drei Tage anhaltend

Fieber häufig nur kurzzeitig

leichtes bis mittelschweres Krankheitsgefühl

häufig Übelkeit, Erbrechen, Durchfall

keine Magen-Darm-Probleme oder leichte Übelkeit

danach häufig anhaltende Leistungsschwäche

danach schnell wieder leistungsfähig

Die häufigsten Grippeanzeichen sind hohes Fieber, Schüttelfrost und ein ausgeprägtes Krankheitsgefühl. Oft tritt bei Erkrankten auch ein trockener Reizhusten auf. Hier finden Sie alle möglichen Grippesymptome im Überblick:

  • hohes Fieber
  • Schüttelfrost
  • Abgeschlagenheit
  • trockener Reizhusten
  • seltener Husten mit zähem, teils blutigem Auswurf
  • Schnupfen
  • Halsschmerzen
  • Rachenentzündung
  • Bindehautentzündung
  • Magen-Darm-Beschwerden wie Übelkeit, Erbrechen, Durchfall
  • Kopfschmerzen
  • Sensibilität gegenüber hellem Licht (Photophobie)
  • aufgedunsenes Gesicht
  • Glieder- und Muskelschmerzen

Influenza-Viren verursachen aber nicht bei jedem Menschen typische Symptome. Sie können sich zwar schnell verbreiten und vermehren, lösen aber oftmals nur geringe Beschwerden aus. Dann werden zum Beispiel Grippe-Kopfschmerzen als Migräne gedeutet oder krankheitsbedingte Abgeschlagenheit als berufsbedingte Erschöpfung.

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La meilleure façon de se protéger des complications de la grippe est de se faire vacciner.

Où vous faire vacciner
Pour connaître toutes les informations sur la campagne de vaccination contre la grippe pour chacune des régions du Québec, consultez la section Où vous faire vacciner.

Certaines mesures de protection et d’hygiène peuvent aussi aider à prévenir la transmission de la grippe.

  • Lavez-vous souvent les mains.
  • Nettoyez votre environnement immédiat, par exemple la surface des meubles et les comptoirs.
  • Suivez les conseils pour prévenir la transmission des virus et des bactéries.
  • Restez à la maison dès que vous présentez des symptômes de la grippe.
    À moins d’avis contraire du médecin, la maison est le meilleur endroit pour se soigner. En restant à la maison, vous limitez les contacts avec d’autres personnes ou avec d’autres infections qui peuvent causer des complications. Vous limitez aussi la transmission du virus.
  • Suivez les conseils pour tousser ou éternuer sans contaminer.

Dernière mise à jour: 09 février 2018, 16:32

L'information contenue sur le site ne remplace en aucun cas l'avis d'un professionnel de la santé. Si vous avez des questions concernant votre état de santé, appelez Info-Santé 811 ou consultez un professionnel de la santé.

Wandlungsfähiger Erreger: Das Influenza-Virus

An Grippe erkrankte Personen sind ab den ersten Symptomen circa eine Woche lang ansteckend. Bereits einen Tag nach der Infektion können Krankheitszeichen auftreten. Ohne Komplikationen ist die Grippe üblicherweise nach einigen Tagen bis einer Woche überstanden. Es gibt Medikamente, die helfen, die Vermehrung der Viren im Körper einzudämmen. Zum Einsatz kommen sie vor allem bei Patienten mit Vorerkrankungen. Sie sollten innerhalb von 48 Stunden nach dem Auftreten erster Symptome angewandt werden. Für Menschen ab 60 und andere Risikopersonen wird in Deutschland eine jährliche Impfung gegen Grippe empfohlen.

Als "Influenza" oder "echte Grippe" bezeichnet man eine Erkrankung durch das Influenza-Virus. Es gibt verschiedene Typen von Influenza-Viren (A, B, C). Am häufigsten und am gefährlichsten ist das Influenza-Virus Typ A. Es ist auf der ganzen Welt verbreitet und verändert sich ständig, was es schwierig macht, einer Infektion vorzubeugen.

Wichtig ist es, die echte Grippe vom grippalen Infekt zu unterscheiden. Bei einem "grippalen Infekt" handelt es sich normalerweise nicht um eine Infektion mit dem Influenza-Virus, sondern um eine Erkältung. Die Magen-Darm-Grippe hat ebenfalls nichts mit der Influenza zu tun. Dieser Begriff wird für Magen-Darm-Infektionen durch unterschiedliche Erreger verwendet, die zum Beispiel zu Durchfall und Erbrechen führen.

nach oben Wie infiziert man sich und wie lange ist man ansteckend?

Die Grippeviren sind nur wenige Tausendstel Millimeter groß. Sie befallen Schleimhautzellen, zum Beispiel in der Nase, und vermehren sich dort. Menschen stecken sich mit Grippe meist durch Tröpfcheninfektion an. Das kann beispielsweise geschehen, wenn eine erkrankte Person niest und andere die Tröpfchen einatmen. Influenza-Viren können bis zu mehrere Stunden außerhalb des Körpers überleben, bei niedrigen Temperaturen sogar noch länger. Kommen die Hände in Kontakt mit Gegenständen, auf denen sich virushaltige Sekrete befinden (zum Beispiel Türklinken) und fasst man sich anschließend damit an die Nase oder andere Schleimhäute, ist eine Infektion ebenfalls möglich.

Erkrankte sind ab dem Auftreten der ersten Symptome für ungefähr fünf bis sieben Tage ansteckend. Manchmal sind Betroffene sogar schon vor dem Auftreten der ersten Krankheitszeichen oder länger als eine Woche infektös.

Es gibt eine Reihe von Faktoren, die eine Erkrankung an Grippe und vor allem Komplikationen begünstigen. So zum Beispiel:

  • Schwangerschaft
  • Diabetes und andere Stoffwechselkrankheiten
  • Tumorerkrankungen
  • Alter von über 65 Jahren, hier reagiert das Immunsystem nicht mehr so gut auf neue Erreger
  • Alter von weniger als einem Jahr, hier ist das Immunsystem noch unreif und reagiert nicht so effektiv
  • Chronische Lungenerkrankungen wie Asthma, Lungenemphysem, chronische Bronchitis, Mukoviszidose
  • Chronische Herzkrankheiten
  • HIV-Erkrankung
  • Unterdrückung des Immunsystems im Zuge einer medizinischen Behandlung
  • Unterernährung

Eine Grippe sollte man ernst nehmen

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6 weeks (ish) without aspartame. I feel better in myself but in the UK I’m struggling to find an alternative to drink. Diet coke has no calories. We now have a Coke Life here and that’s natural sweeteners but at 89 calories per can it’s not helping my diet. I don’t drink tea or coffee so my only alternative so far is water. Can’t add any flavourings as they all seem to have Aspartame. I’ve tried a few other drinks but I LIKE Coke. So many drinks have artificial sweeteners (Aspartame). I eat more fruit but that’s also more calories. Does anyone drink something else that I could get in the UK plse? Good luck to all going through detox. It’s hard work but definitely worth it. Love and hugs xxx

Do you like fruity drinks? I am working on quitting Diet DP – been a week now!
I’m drinking naturally sweetened energy drinks – 13 calories per drink. Let me know if you are interested and I can send you the info.

Yes very interested. Please let me know. Thanks in advance

Regards Dawn 🙂 xx

Try True Lemon if available in UK. You can order online if not in your area but I’m not sure about the UK. It is 100% natural crystallized lemon that comes in little packets. I put a True Lemon and True Grapefruit in my water and I’m not as bored with it. I’m on week 6 of no aspartame and no caffeine. Still having issues but I’m hoping it gets better.

I have drank diet coke for yrs’i dont smoke or drink alchol so a diet coke was my stress reliever.i decided to quit 3 wks ago weaning myself off,wk 1 down to 2 bottles a day’headaches’joint pain,feeling sick and so depressed an irritable.wk 2 went down to 1 bottle.A constant muggy headache and mood swings.No energy and couldnt be bothered to do anything.wk 3 no d coke for 3 days,My head feels ready to explode,just shoot me now!Maybe cold turkey would have been quicker.Determined to carry on but hope start to feel human again soon!

I drank Pepsi Max nearly every day for 4 years I decided last Thursday that enough was enough.
I knew this wasn’t going to be easy but I have never felt so bad in all my life I would rather have a hangover!

Headaches
Anxiety
Panic Attacks
Dizziness
Lethargic (I slept nearly all weekend)
Mood swings
Lack of concentration

I’ve been drinking coconut water which has helped with the headaches and makes me feel better…I’m determined not to give up and have this nasty chemical out of my body for good!

I check everything now for Aspartame, even Robinsons has it in.

My friends laughed when I told them about my addiction and now they’ve seen how ill I’ve been they’re not laughing anymore!!

Sounds exactly what I was going through but with MSG product..these two are giving us diseases.

Aspartame withdrawal day 3 for me. I only used it in tea and coffee drinking about 5/6 cups a day. Today I am feeling very angry and frustrated and I have a headache and slight blurred vision. Thinking I should of slowly weaned myself off instead of suddenly stopping.

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    Oklahoma County records high number of people hospitalized for flu 2

    Yale study warns of vaccine dangers, links immunizations to brain disorders 12

    Flu vaccine believed to be about 10% effective against influenza strain 1

    Swine flu jab linked to narcolepsy 27

    Itasca County hospice volunteer resists flu shot: Essentia stands b. 2

    Shocking new study proves that the vaccine industry is just an extension of the abortion industry 4

    Flu clinics open next week 4

    Many options available for flu shots in Halton - but public clinics. 1

    How to Get Rid of a Dog's Cold 64

    Too soon to get a flu shot? Knoxville doctors give tips ahead of flu season 1

    Flu vaccine still recommended for pregnant women despite research in recent study 2

    Flu season approaching, vaccinations are arriving 2

    Vaccination now scientifically linked to learning disabilities in. 2

    This is Maine's chance to start restoring its ability to look out for the public's health 2

    Flu vaccine ineffective for people 65 and older last winter 1

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    More than 100 Mohave County potential flu cases pending state lab examination from past two weeks

    Arizona is widespread with confirmed influenza cases and there are more than 100 Mohave County reports of potential flu cases pending for the past two weeks, officials said Thursday.

    Arizona Department of Health Services bumped up the state’s level of reported flu cases from regional to widespread for the week of Dec. 30 through Jan. 5. The state’s most up-to-date numbers have confirmed flu cases in 14 of the state’s 15 counties. La Paz is the only county without a confirmed case.

    Only nine flu cases have been confirmed so far in Mohave County since the flu season began Sept. 30. But Anna Scherzer, epidemiologist with Mohave County Department of Public Health, said she anticipates that most of the pending flu case reports will be confirmed by the state’s lab.

    Flu symptoms include: fever or feeling feverish/chills, cough, sore throat, runny or stuffy nose, muscle or body aches, headaches and fatigue.

    Arizona is not alone in increased influenza cases — 41 other states reported widespread activity last week, according to a state Department of Health Services press release.

    Havasu Regional Medical Center and the local Walgreens, 25 S. Lake Havasu Ave., don’t exactly need the state’s Department of Public Health’s lab to confirm that increased numbers of local residents have been sick.

    The hospital has seen “a slight increase in patients with flu-like symptoms in our emergency department,” said Carol Dumais, hospital spokeswoman in an email. “We are aware of influenza trends around the state and across the country, and are preparing accordingly.”

    A few hundred flu shots have been given out at Walgreens in recent days since details of widespread influenza around the country have been reported, said Wayne Cohen, pharmacy manager of the local Walgreens. Also, sales of Tamiflu, a drug prescribed for the treatment of flu infections, recently has increased as well, he added.

    With news in the past week or so of influenza becoming widespread around the country, Cohen said he’s pleased that people have taken the information seriously.

    A true reflection of flu cases always is difficult to get a handle on, Scherzer said.

    “We don’t always get good counts on (influenza),” Scherzer said. The problem is that it’s up to the facilities, doctors, schools and daycares to report potential flu cases, she said. And after that, the state’s lab tests the flu to confirm it, she added.

    The state lab’s activity is important to learn what types of influenza are circulating, Scherzer said. It helps decide what strain of influenza needs to be put in the next year’s vaccine, she added.

    Scherzer said the vaccine continues to be well-matched with the flu strain that currently is circulating.

    This flu season (Sept. 30, 2012 to Sept. 28, 2013) started earlier than the previous year with the first confirmed case at the end of October, Scherzer said. Last flu season, the first confirmed case was in December and the flu season topped out in mid-February, she added.

    Last year, Mohave County reported flu cases through mid-April, Scherzer said.

    Hello. My daughter will be 2 next month. She has been terribly sick. I have taken her to the doctor 2 times. I was told that she could have influenza. My concern is that her temperature keeps peeking to 103.0+ during the day and 104.1+ in the night. I have been alternating Tylenol and Motrin every 3-4 hours, but it doesn’t seem to help much. I have also been giving her luke warm baths to bring the temp down. I’m scared that during the night her temp could peak and I won’t know. Could this make her have seizures or do damage long term? When is it necessary to take her to the emergency room? What else could I do to help her? Am I being an overly scared or is this normal when kids get the flu?

    • Add your own comment
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    Hi M.-
    You have every right to be worried. If her temp keeps spiking like that you probably should consult her pediatrician. So many times we are so worried that we forget to mention the important small stuff. Have you tried giving her popsicles to keep her temp down and keeping her hydrated?

    get that little girl in the hospital, admit her, have them take stool samples and blood tests. NOW. there is no reason to wait, it is serious.

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    Although goiter responds well to iodine supplementation, it is best to treat the iodine deficiency immediately. If left untreated, iodine deficiency progressively destroys the tissues of the thyroid gland. After five years, even iodine supplement or thyroxine replacement cannot reduce the size of goiter because the damage is then permanent.

    It should be noted that goiter can be caused by hyperthyroidism too and this second type of goiter does not involve iodine deficiency.

    Cretinism is closely linked to iodine deficiency and goiter. In fact, it was the observation that parents with goiter are more likely to have mentally retarded children that revealed the nature of cretinism.

    Signs of cretinism include impaired mental development, squint, deaf-mutism, stunted growth, improper stance and walking gait as well as all the other symptoms of hypothyroidism including low basal metabolic rate, low basal body temperature, cold intolerance, fatigue, weight gain and hair loss.

    Iodine deficiency is the most important cause of cretinism and it can account for about 15-point difference on the IQ (intelligence quotient) scale.

    Iodine supplementation is the only way to prevent cretinism and the supplementation is most effective when given in early childhood while mental capacity is in rapid development.

    The re-appearance of iodine deficiency and hypothyroidism in developed countries is caused by a trend towards low salt consumption. In a bid to reduce the risk factor for hypertension and edema, most people in affluent nations are taking the widely publicized health advice to drop salt from their diet.

    Unfortunately, iodized salt has been the most used and the most effective public health initiative to reduce iodine deficiency and prevent goiter, cretinism, and hypothyroidism.

    Adding iodine to salt is a very cheap means of eradicating iodine deficiency. Experts estimate that it costs only a few cents for every ton of salt produced.

    However, care should be taking with treating iodine deficiency with iodized salt.

    Where the deficiency is severe and met with high intake of iodized salt, hyperthyroidism may result. In addition, people who are older than 40 years have a greater risk of developing hyperthyroidism from taking iron-fortified food products.

    Where salt consumption is heavily restricted, iodine can still be obtained from the diet by eating more saltwater fish and sea vegetables such as kelp.

    Peri-menopause symptoms may start around 40 years of age. The actual menopause symptoms may show around one year after the last period and continue until 100 years of age. Speaking with thousands of women, we have identified 45 Menopause Symptoms. Some women experience these symptoms mildly, while other may experience them strongly. This is a list of menopause symptoms some women experienced and were relieved using DON’T PAUSE:

    Hot flashes are temporary sensations of overwhelming heat. Some women also experience chills or a rapid heart rate along with the sweating, flushing and sensations of heat. A hot flash that is accompanied by redness in the face and neck may be called a hot flush while a hot flash that occurs at night and is accompanied by profuse sweating is often called a night sweat.

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    Six to 11 years

    One to 10 years

    Syrup, 15 mg per 5 mL

    MDI = metered dose inhaler.

    Information from references 8, 13, and 16 through 20.

    Complementary and Alternative Medicine Products. Several of these therapies provide relief from cold symptoms. Vapor rub applied to the chest and neck has been shown to improve cough severity and quality of sleep for the child and parents, but it has a strong smell that children may not tolerate.19 Studies regarding therapeutic use of zinc sulfate show a trend toward decreased duration of cold symptoms when it is taken within the first 24 hours of symptom onset.20 Adverse effects, such as bad taste and nausea, are more common with zinc lozenges than with syrup or tablets.20 Pelargonium sidoides (geranium) extract (Umcka Coldcare) may help resolve cough and sputum production in children with the common cold.18 Buckwheat honey is superior to placebo for reducing frequency of cough, reducing bothersome cough, and improving quality of sleep for the child.16 Honey should not be used in children younger than one year because of the risk of botulism.

    Nasal Irrigation and Acetylcysteine. During acute illness, nasal irrigation with saline can help alleviate sore throat, thin nasal secretions, and improve nasal breathing and can reduce the need for nasal decongestants and mucolytics.17 A systematic review of six trials published in the 1990s found that acetylcysteine (commonly used in Europe, but not in the United States, as a mucolytic) may decrease cough after six to seven days of therapy in children older than two years.13 The main adverse effect of acetylcysteine is vomiting.

    Inhaled Corticosteroids. Some children with viral cold symptoms also develop wheezing. Although low-dose corticosteroids are ineffective in these children, one review of high-dose inhaled corticosteroids found a trend toward decreased frequency of wheezing episodes that require oral corticosteroids, the duration of episodes, and the number of physician visits.8

    Table 3 summarizes therapies that may be effective for cold prophylaxis in children.14, 17, 20 – 22

    Therapies That May Be Effective for Common Cold Prophylaxis in Children

    One to three years

    5 mL twice daily