There are 100 recognized species of the genus Mycoplasma. The overall of Mycoplasmosis Bacteria: Mycoplasma is the smallest of bacteria's and has the ability to enter any cell and alter itself, changing its cellular makeup with every cell division. It invades all systems of the human body, including the nerves. It lacks a cell wall and thereby are unaffected by many common antibiotics and penicillin.
Depends on species. E.g. cough, air, insects, sexual transmission, etc.
Incubation: varies
Found: Worldwide
Rash: Sometimes
Some diseases it causes: Blood and lung infection in newborn, neonatal meningitis, Infectious, Crohn’s Diseasearthritis/septic arthritis,Irritable Bowel Syndrome,Inflammation of the uterus,Pelvic inflammatory disease,Inflammation of the urethra, Disorders of the eye and ear, Periodontal disease and gingivitis,Kidney infection and Surgical wound infections
Symptoms onset:
Depends on species and some show no symptoms at all.
Overall Mycoplasma Symptoms can be any of the following and more.
Hair: Hair loss, Abnormal change of hair color
Ears: Ringing in ears/tinnitus,Hearing loss,
Eyes: Blurred vision,Double or wavy vision,Problems with eyeglasses prescription,Deteriorated night vision,Increased visual sensitivity to light,Black spots (floaters) in eyes,Bothersome eye twitching,Dry eyes,Itchy eyes,Watery eyes,
Dental: Teeth easily chilled by cold foods, Teeth loose, Bleeding gums,Dental abscesses,Increased salivation,
Nose/throat: Nasal congestion or stuffiness,Reduced sense of smell, mucus discharge,Sinus pain, Sore throat, shallow breathing,Wheezing,or Shortness of breath at rest, Frequent clearing of throat or coughing, thick saliva or phlegm,Excessive sneezing
Mouth: White coated tongue Mouth sores Lip sores
Increase in allergic sensitivities, Drooling,Numbness of lips,Dry "cotton" mouth, Weak voice or hoarseness, Excessive thirst
Skin: Cracking, peeling of skin, cuts & wounds slow to heal, white "itchy scaly" between toes,Unusual skin rashes,Skin rashes, Reddening or flushing of skin,Skin itching, Yellowing color (jaundice-like) of skin,Skin sunburn-like sensation, Wart-like growths on skin, Genital itch,itchy scalp, Black & blue bruising more easily
Immune and Endocrine: Sensitivity to cold (easily chilled),Frequent infections,Frequent colds or flu, Swelling of ankles,Swelling of body, swollen glands (neck, armpits, groin)Toenail or foot fungus, Night sweats,Intermittent fever at night,
Sleep: Nightmares, Unrefreshed Sleep, Chronic fatigue, excessive tiredness, Difficulty waking up,Difficulty sleeping (insomnia)
Digestive System: Change in, or lack of taste, Difficulty swallowing,Stomach cramps, Stomach pain,
Diarrhea (Passage of stools of decreased form, watery)
Gas (Passage of excess gas, flatus),Bloating, Episodes of blood in stools, Nausea,Vomiting, Regurgitate (throwing up) food,Less capacity for alcohol, Swollen abdomen, Excessive hunger,Loss of interest in food
Cardio System: heart palpitations,Skipped or extra heartbeats, Racing pulse.
Respiratory System: Chest pressure like band around chest
Muscular/skeletal system: Reduced joint mobility,Joint pain or discomfort,Muscle spasms or cramps,Aching or burning muscles,Numb hands,Tingling hands, Other loss of strength/endurance,Other numbness or tingling (paresthesias),Trembling, shaking, or twitching, Aching joints, Pain in lower back, Pain in neck,
Urinary system: Lack of bladder control (small volume),More frequent episodes of urination, Episodes of blood in urine
Reproductive: Loss of sexual libido (sex drive)F.Frequent yeast infectionsIrregular menstrual periodsWorse PMSWorse menstrual crampsCervical pain, Endometriosis. M. Sexual impotence, Aching or swollen testicles
Cognitive: Headaches,Short-term memory loss,Problems thinking and concentrating,Depression, Loss of interest or enthusiasm, Suicidal thoughts,Irritable, Mood swings nervousness, anxiety
Neuro: Stuttering or stammering,Difficulty finding words, Poor balance or unsteadiness, Dizziness, Deteriorated penmanship,Lightheadedness

Since these organisms can be present without causing disease Mycoplasma detection is difficult, as well, it is found in various tissues (intracellular)and rarely is it found free in the blood. Often doctors make the diagnosis by eliminating other causes. Since Mycoplasma infection signs are highly variable it is not uncommon for a diagnosis to be entirely missed.
It is recommended that mycoplasmal infections be tested for in every case of Lyme Disease using the most sensitive PCR procedures to detect the mycoplasma DNA in white blood cells.
Mycoplasma species are difficult to test for, and this usually requires a PCR test on blood leukocytes (white blood cells). Only a few commercial labs, such as VIP Labs of Reno, know how to test for Mycoplasma infections, and even labs that are very good at Lyme testing, such as Igenex Labs, can’t do the Mycoplasma testing. The following group may be able to direct you to good mycoplasma testing, as few Labs have proven able to do this type of testing.
To eradicate this bacteria:
For eradicating any and all Mycoplasma's it can be done by making the body's environment where these wall lacking bacteria's can no longer sustain life in 14 days. More info.
Medical:Antibiotics such as Doxycycline, Azithromycin, Clarithromycin, Ciprofloxacin, Minocycline, and Tetracycline are usually used to treat this infection, typically requiring a 6 month course of treatment with no break followed by several 6 week on, 2 weeks off antibiotic cycles. Long-term therapy is needed in cases of chronic illness (like Lyme disease). A long course of antibiotics and a change of antibiotics along the way, (more then a year).
Other Mycoplasma eradicators: RIFE frequencies,energy medicines, natural plant antibiotics like olive leaf extract, Neem, Cinnamon leafn and uva ursi are also used. In this case additions of supplements are usually required to rebuild and support the immune system.
With treatment the last symptoms to disappear are those of the central and peripheral nervous systems pain; skin sensitivity, burning and other nerve pain.

Many people recover from Mycoplasma infections and are fine for years when treated with antibiotics. They may later have an incident involving severe trauma or other significant life stressor and symptoms fully reappear within weeks to months. Not so with Rife frequencies or Cinnamon verum that have eradicated the Mycoplasma completely.
Peripheral neuropathy requires time for full recovery.

Difficulties: Medical: Reports have emerged, especially in Asia, showing that Mycoplasma pneumoniae may be developing resistance to macrolides such as Azithromycin and Clarithromycin.
Lyme & CoInfections Symptoms Comparison Mycoplasma fermentans
M. fermentans is the most common co-infection with Borrelia burgdorferi in Lyme Disease. Bacteria:
Mycoplasma is the smallest of bacteria's and has the ability to enter any cell and alter itself, changing its cellular makeup with every cell division. Lacks cell wall. It can invade all systems of the human body.
Found in ticks with or without Borrelia. Those infected may not have symptoms or produce numerous symptoms that are similar to Lyme disease.
Found: Worldwide
Rash: none
Symptoms onset:
For those who do have symptoms Mycoplasma fermentans produces numerous symptoms very similar to Lyme disease and M.fermentans will manifest different symptoms for each individual person. Like Lyme, it is also multi-systemic, infecting any system in the body. From no symptoms to flu-like aches and pains to almost debilitating cramps and spasms.
Body Temperature:
Night sweats
Abdominal bloating, nausea, diarrhea.
Light sensitive, visual disturbances, floaters in the eyes, eye pain.
Heart - organs:
Blood pressure abnormalities, congestive heart failure.
Chemical sensitivities, lymph node pain, periodic fevers, headaches, skin rashes.Inflammation.
Joint stiffness and pain, muscle spasms, balance problems.
Memory loss, depression, irritability, loss of concentration, nervousness, and anxiety
Neuro: Extremely sensitive "trigger spots" that come and go anywhere on the body.
Chronic bronchitis, congestion, coughing, persistent coughing, chest pain, breathing irregularities.
sleep disturbances, Chronic fatigue
Problems with urination

Mycoplasma detection is difficult because it is found in various tissues and only rarely found in the blood. Since these organisms can be present without causing disease, diagnosis is challenging.
Usually require a PCR test on blood leukocytes (white blood cells). The following group may be able to direct you to good mycoplasma testing, as few Labs have proven able to do this type of testing.
To eradicate this bacteria:
A long course of antibiotics and a change of antibiotics along the way, (more then a year).
Other Mycoplasma eradicators: RIFE frequencies, herbs, energy medicines, other.etc. along with building up the immune system.

The Mycoplasma bacteria must be eradicated. Treating symptoms does not prevent the Mycoplasma 's from multiplying or manifesting its many distressing symptoms.

Mycoplasma pneumoniae ( Type strain: ATCC 15531, NCTC 10119 ) In North America, M. pneumoniae is the most common Mycoplasma seen in various diseases.

M pneumoniae, is a pleomorphic organism that, unlike bacteria, lacks a cell wall, and unlike viruses, does not need a host cell for replication. L ikes to live on the surface cells (mucosa) of the respiratory tract and can cause inflammation of most structures there.
Incubation: 9- to 12-day incubation period
Found: worldwide
Rash: When the organism infects the skin, it creates non-specific rashes
Symptoms: Typically causes mild, or even no, symptoms. Even if symptoms are mild, its tendency is to cause lingering after-effects, particularly joint and muscle pain, with full recovery potentially taking months.
Symptoms onset:
Cough, sore throat,earache, headache,fever, Chills, and malaise. The frequency and severity of cough may increase over next few days after onset and may become debilitating.
Ears: inflammation of the eardrum
Sometimes double vision and decreased vision, eye infection.
Head, neck, face:
Scratchy sore throat, laryngitis, temporary paralysis, mainly in the face. Headache. Persistent, slowly worsening dry cough; absence of cough makes the diagnosis of M pneumoniae unlikely
Muscle and joint aches then lasting beyond infection
Confusion, acute psychosis secondary to encephalitis, inflammation of the brain (encephalitis), aseptic meningitis, confusion, acute psychosis secondary to encephalitis, double vision and decreased vision, and temporary paralysis, mainly in the face.
Pneumonia/pneumonitis, walking pneumonia, regular pneumonia, bronchitis,s ore chest and tracheal tenderness (result of the protracted cough). F lulike symptoms such as fever, nonproductive cough, generalized aches and pains, and nasal congestion. Typical pneumonia usually involves a productive cough and chest pain close to the site of the pneumonia.)Original symptoms persist, with a worsening and relatively nonproductive cough.

Medical- Chest x-ray,Complete blood count,Blood tests for antibodies to mycoplasma, Blood cultures, Bronchoscopy,CT scan of the chest, Sputum culture to check for mycoplasma bacteria. Open lung biopsy (only done in very serious illnesses when the diagnosis cannot be made from other sources)
To eradicate this bacteria:
Antibiotics such as Doxycycline, Azithromycin, Clarithromycin, Ciiprofloxacin, and Tetracycline typically requiring two to three weeks treatment, and long-term therapy may be needed in cases of chronic illness.
Nathropatic remedies such as olive leaf extract, uva ursi and Neem have also been used and other.. RIFE along with natural supplements, minerals, etc. to rebuild the immune system.

Mycoplasmal pneumonia is most common in people younger then forty years of age.
* C. pneumoniae has been reported as a possible cause of atherosclerosis and central nervous system disorders.

Symptoms Long term or complications:
Skin problems, such as rashes.Eyes:optic nerve inflammation. Cardiac: Arrhythmia's, conduction defects,congestive failure, Pericarditis, Myocarditis, Endocarditis. GI symptoms. Facial paralysis, as in Bell's Palsy, Neurological: Aseptic meningitis Encephalitis, Guillain-Barré syndrome,Renaud phenomenon, Peripheral neuropathies and radiculopathies, Brainstem dysfunction,Dysfunction of the pyramidal or extrapyramidal tract,Cerebellar dysfunction, Cerebral infarction, Musculoskeletal manifestations: Polyarthralgias,Acute arthritis (monoarticular or migratory), Digital necrosis, Hematologic manifestations: Immune hemolytic anemia, Pancytopenia, Splenic infarct, Hemophilialike illness Mycoplasma Hominis
In Europe, M. hominis is the most prevalent mycoplasma. Incubation: Unknown
Principally transmitted by sexual contact and cervical and vaginal contact during birth

M. hominis is also suspected to be the cause of

  • pelvic inflammatory disease
  • ectopic pregnancy
  • postpartum fever
  • endometritis inflammation of uterus
  • neonatal infections
    • conjunctivis
    • respiratory distress
    • meningitis
    • abscesses, and congenital
    • pneumonia, which occurs a few hours after birth.
  • pharyngitis
  • septicaemia
  • lung infections
  • central nervous system infections
  • other respiratory tract infections
  • joint infection, and wound infections
Mycoplasma hominis is a living organism common in almost all humans. It resides in the urinary and genital tracts.
A few weeks after contracting Mycoplasma hominis infections it causes in men and women:
  • Painful urination
    Strange unusual discharges, often foul smelling.
Mycoplasma genitalium, spermatophilum, M. penetrans, and Ureaplasma species and other.
    Each species cause different symptoms and can vary widely. Some infect specific parts or systems of the body. Here are some examples of what these can cause.
  • Kidney infection
  • Surgical wound infections
  • Infectious arthritis/septic arthritis
  • Disorders of the eye and ear
  • Periodontal disease and gingivitis
  • Crohn’s Disease and Irritable Bowel Syndrom

Do your own Research
Here YAHOO or here GOOGLE
Chlamydial infections can cause disease in many organ systems, including the genitourinary tract. Chlamydiae are small gram-negative obligate intracellular microorganisms that preferentially infect squamocolumnar epithelial cells. They include the genera Chlamydia (of which the type species is Chlamydia trachomatis(sexually transmited) and Chlamydophila (eg, Chlamydophila pneumoniae(respiratory droplets) and Chlamydophila psittaci(spread by bird droppings and aerosols.)
To eradicate:
See how to eradicate completely in 33 days

Chlamydophila Pneumoniae
(Chlamydia Pneumonia)two isolated strains

    Bacteria:Gram-negative obligate, intracellular bacterium associated with a wide variety of acute and chronic diseases.
    Transmission:via respiratory droplets
    Symptoms onset:
    Some may have no symptoms or only mild symptoms and therefore goes untreated, later becoming chronic.
    • Malaise
    • fatigue
    • lack of appetite
    • fever
    • chills
    • headache
    • sore throat
    • hoarse voice
    • cough lasting many weeks (yellow or green mucus)
    • difficulty breathing
    • may have runny nose
    • and rapid breathing.
    • Some people have chest pain, often sharp, when taking a breath or coughing.
    • A severe sinusitis

    To eradicate this bacteria:
    See here for eradicating in 33 days.

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But sometimes acid reflux symptoms are less than obvious or easy to mistake for something else.

If left untreated, heartburn can lead to Barrett's esophagus, which is a precursor to cancer, says Timothy Pfanner, MD, assistant professor of internal medicine at Texas A&M Health Science Center College of Medicine, in College Station.

Here are some symptoms—both common and unusual—that could mean you have acid reflux.

Photo: Getty Images

Chest pain, which occurs because stomach acid is splashing into the esophagus, is a classic acid reflux symptom. But the pain can last longer and be more intense than expected. Many people mistake heartburn for a heart attack. You can never ignore chest pain, especially if it gets worse when you exercise or exert yourself. (Check out Heartburn or Heart Attack? How to Tell the Difference.)

If you're having chest pain, check with your doctor to make sure you're not having a heart attack, says Walter J. Coyle, MD, gastroenterologist with Scripps Clinic Torrey Pines in La Jolla, Calif.

Photo: Getty Images

The acid that is supposed to stay in your stomach is more likely to escape into your esophagus when you lie down or bend over, causing heartburn.

"If you're sitting up straight, gravity helps keep food in the stomach," says Dr. Coyle. "If you lose the gravity, you're more prone to reflux."

That's why people with chronic heartburn raise the head of their bed, and why they shouldn't eat big meals right before bedtime.

Photo: Getty Images

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The best way to protect yourself from complications of the flu is through vaccination.

Where to get Vaccinated
For information on the Flu Vaccination Campaign for each region of Québec, see the Where to get vaccinated section.

Certain protection and cleanliness measures can also help prevent transmission of the flu.

  • Wash your hands often
  • Keep your immediate environment clean, such as furniture surfaces and counters
  • Follow advice for Preventing Transmission of Viruses and Bacteria
  • Stay at home as soon as you notice symptoms of the flu. Unless otherwise advised by a doctor, home is the best place for treatment. By staying at home, you limit contact with other people or with other infections that may cause complications. You also limit transmission of the virus
  • Follow advice for Coughing or Sneezing Without Contaminating

Last update: February 9, 2018 4:32 PM

The information on this website by no means replaces the advice of a health professional. If you have questions regarding your health, contact Info-Santé 811 or see a health professional.

Influenzanet: a network of European citizens fighting against influenza

Influenzanet is a Europe-wide network to monitor the activity of influenza-like-illness (ILI) with the aid of volunteers via the internet. It is operational in ten countries. In contrast with the traditional system of sentinel networks of mainly primary care physicians, Influenzanet obtains its data directly from the population. This creates a fast and flexible monitoring system whose uniformity allows for direct comparison of ILI rates between countries.

Click on each country to visit the national platform.

New paper on the Journal of Medical Internet Research

The Influenzanet consortium has published a new paper on the Journal of Medical Internet Research titled: "Influenzanet: Citizens Among 10 Countries Collaborating to Monitor Influenza in Europe". In this paper, we describe the Influenzanet participatory surveillance system and provide an overview of the results obtained from different analyses performed with the data, including representativeness analyses, data validation (comparing ILI incidence rates between Influenzanet and sentinel medical practice networks), identification of ILI risk factors, and influenza vaccine effectiveness (VE) studies previously published. Additionally, we present new VE analyses for the Netherlands, stratified by age and chronic illness, and offer suggestions for further work and considerations on the continuity and sustainability of the participatory system.

The flu activity page has been updated with incidence figures from the active countries. Read more.

Everything is ready for the new influenza season of 2017-2018. Some of the Influenzanet platforms have already started the data collection. Read more.

Influenzanet is a system to monitor the activity of influenza-like-illness (ILI) via the internet with the aid of volunteers.
We have tried to ensure that all information we provide through this website is correct at the time we include it.

Posted 12 January 2015 at 13:18

My daughter 12 myself and ex husband best friend and sister have all had continuous cold/flu symptoms since Sept 2014. We all been prescribed antibiotics antihistermenes inhalers etc by our own seperate GPs but we all have a continuous cough very bad mucus runny noses electric shock feelings and dizziness and aching joints. Nothing helps. Weve also discovered that our friends and other people we know have this. We are diversely spread across the UK Cardiff Bristol Cheltenham Devon Yorkshire etc. Has anyone else had these flulike symptoms for such a long time?

My friend and my mam have been like this for months and they can't seem to shake it at all too.

Ive looked on the net to try to see how widespread it is but theres nothing. My GP said he sees many patients every week with the same symptoms but he doesnt know what the solution is.

Not much hope for anyone of us if our doctors can not find a cure mel666 i have had this since before xmas and still far from right so hoping someone comes up with a cure soon as in my case even after antibiotics i still feel dreadful,so good luck anyone who has an answer

We are in cumbria and loads of people round here have had it all over christmas and before.

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Because SIBO is thought to prevent people from absorbing and processing fructose and vegetables with insoluble fiber, the diets above should be modified to address these issues. Fruit and veggies with insoluble fiber need to be taken out and reintroduced very slowly.

Beans and nuts are also foods that are known to cause digestive flare ups.

One of the best ways to prevent SIBO from recurring is to keep digestive fire strong. That means having sufficient hydrochloric acid in the stomach and sufficient enzymes to help break down the food so no undigested particles remain.

Things that keep digestion and absorption strong are taking probiotics, enzymes, or bitters before a meal. Or diluting a bit of apple cider vinegar in water and drinking it before a meal.

Dr. Pimentel also recommends fasting 3 to 5 hours between meals to give the small intestine the opportunity to sweep bad bacteria out.

Lastly, constipation-dominant SIBO is much harder to teat because it indicates a higher level of bacteria and methane gas, according to Dr.Siebecker.

I believe there can be many causes of IBS, and SIBO is just one of them. I will talk about more underlying causes for IBS in future blog posts.

What is your name?

Please indicate below the emails to which you want to send this article: One cause of IBS: SIBO (Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth)

Enter one email per line. No more than 100 emails.

Angela Privin is proof that IBS is NOT an incurable disease or a disease at all. IBS is a body out of balance. It’s an invitation for change. After solving her own IBS mystery more than a decade ago Angela trained as a health coach to help others.

Angela uses both science and intuition to help people figure out what’s out of balance in their body. She works with lab tests, dietary changes, supplementation and nervous system rebalancing. Get help rebalancing your digestive system and solving your IBS mystery here.


Years ago, my husband and I ate at a “hole in the wall” Mexican restaurant. He thought his meal tasted great. Mine was pretty good too. While we were waiting for the check, he started to feel sick. It came on so fast. He got up to go look for the bathroom and immediately started vomiting. He left a trail of vomit all the way to the bathroom (which unfortunately was the women’s bathroom, poor guy). Anyway, when he finished vomiting he felt fine. Two hours later, he had a big bowl of ice cream with chocolate sauce. I suspect that this type of food poisoning was from the toxins produced either by Staphylococcus aureus or Bacillus cereus since it came on so suddenly and was over so quickly. No one else caught it from him which further supports a diagnosis of food poisoning.

Another example of obvious non-contagious food poisoning happened to my sister and her coworker recently. They went to happy hour (at 5pm) at a local restaurant and shared an appetizer of fried calamari with a dipping sauce. At 10pm, they were both vomiting. Since they don't live together and didn't eat anything else that was the same that day, I am very certain that they got food poisoning from that shared appetizer. The dipping sauce was probably sitting out barely warm under a heat lamp all afternoon growing toxin producing bacteria. No one else caught it from them so that further suggests that it was food poisoning.

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Bleiben Sie informiert mit dem Newsletter von

Dr. med. Peter Mahlknecht, Univ. Prof. Dr. Franz X. Heinz, Univ. Prof. Dr. Theresia Popow-Kraupp
Medizinisches Review:
Theresia Popow-Kraupp
Redaktionelle Bearbeitung:
Mag. (FH) Silvia Hecher, MSc

Stand der Information: Februar 2015

Quellen: Robert Koch Institut, (Stand 5.11.2010)
Bundesministerium für Gesundheit, (Stand 5.11.2010)
Österreichische Agentur für Gesundheit und Ernährungssicherheit GmbH (AGES), (Stand 5.11.2010)
Antiinfektiva – Behandlung von Infektionen. Initiative Arznei und Vernunft, Pharmig - Verband der pharmazeutischen Industrie Österreich, 2. Auflage, Dezember 2010 (

Hallo erstmal, Ich (m) bin 22 Jahre alt und Student. Normalerweise bin ich eigentlic.

Kann eine Grippe auch zu Meningitis führen? Ich liege im Bett mit Fieber, Husten und.

Hallo, ich komme gerade von einem KA-Termin mit meiner kleinen Tochter (7,5 Monate).

Die Influenza-Saison beginnt wie jedes Jahr mit einem Impfaufruf. Impfen lassen, ja oder nein? netdoktor hilft bei der Entscheidungsfindung.

Haemophilus influenzae ist ein Bakterium, von dem früher fälschlicherweise angenommen wurde, dass es der "echten Grippe" (Influenza) zugrunde liegt, …

Die Impfung gegen die Influenza soll vor der "echten Grippe" schützen. Besonders kranke und ältere Menschen sollten diese in Erwägung ziehen.

Myositis is the medical term for muscle inflammation. In myositis, inflammation damages the fibers of a muscle. This causes muscles to be weak by interfering with the ability of the muscles to contract. Although myositis can cause muscle aches and muscle tenderness, weakness is usually the dominant symptom.

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Canine parvovirus is a highly contagious viral disease that is found among dogs. The disease is considered to be the fastest spreading disease among dogs. It is often fatal. A vaccine to prevent Parvo is available through a veterinarian but doesn’t guarantee a dog won’t still contract the virus. Just the same as human vaccines, it just gives the patient a lower chance of the virus penetrating the body. Puppies are often more susceptible to the disease since they are more likely to not yet have received the vaccine.

Given the rapid speed at which the virus multiples in the blood stream there is no know cure for parvo. However, knowing how dogs contract the disease can help your pet avoid the virus altogether.

The most common way a dog catches the serious virus is by interaction with an infected dog’s fecal matter (poop). This can be a disturbing thought given the amount of humans that don’t pick up after their dog has had a bowel movement. Think of how many time you have seen dog feces at the park and just walked around it. Well dogs are naturally curious creatures and may not avoid the mess but rather unknowingly approach an infected pile. If your pet ingests even a tiny particle of the virus they can be infected.

To help your dog not contract Parvo from another dog’s feces try to keep a watchful eye when going for a walk, going to the park, or even playing in your own backyard. Keep away from all fecal matter found. When dealing with such a serious disease it’s best to play it safe. The Parvo virus can live outside the body for up to five months so don’t underestimate fecal matter that appears to have sat for a long while.

Even though humans themselves can’t get the disease it doesn’t mean that they can’t unknowingly spread it to a dog. The virus can be carried on their person and transmitted to a pet. If a human has any interaction with fecal matter or a place fecal matter once was they can pick up the virus. An example of this is if a dog had a bowel movement in the park and the owner properly cleaned it up, the spot may still be infected. Currently no known disinfectants can rid a surface of the virus. Meaning that even if you use a bag to pick up feces and immediately use disinfectant the virus still can’t be killed. This is a scary thought since no matter how much we clean and try to be sanitary it can still be unknowingly spread to a pet. The same also applies when a dog goes the bathroom on grass, dirt, a tree, etc. We have no way of knowing what pet previously used that spot.

Vaccinating your pet provides the best protection currently possible. On top of vaccinations, being knowledgeable about the disease and doing your best to avoid it are all that you can do to help your dog live a long Parvo free life. Please note it is especially important to try to thoroughly clean up after a dog that has Parvo. You can also try unconventional treatments for parvo.

Canine parvovirus is a highly contagious and serious disease in dogs. It can be fatal if not caught early and can affect dogs of all ages but puppies usually are the ones affected. Parvo causes enteritis in dogs. Enteritis occurs when the gastrointestinal tract gets infected; it is what makes this virus particularly dangerous for young puppies under a year and older dogs over 10 years old due to dehydration. Symptoms include vomiting, diarrhea, lethargy, fever and a loss of appetite.

Dogs with parvo can survive with quick intervention but for some the healing process can be very slow. Many dogs suffer no serious long lasting effects from the virus but there is now a new strain that has been recently discovered. This new strain is called the Canine parvovirus type 2 or CPV-2 and there is no current vaccine to protect against it. Dogs that recover from new strains or had severe cases of parvo might have some lasting effects such as heart issues but the outlook for a dog’s life is generally bright after recovery.

Prevention is one of the most important things you can do for your dog. The American Veterinary Medical Association recommends vaccinating to protect your puppy from contracting the virus. The parvovirus can be difficult to avoid because the virus is resilient and can live in the environment for extended periods, even up to a year.

There are some people who disagree with the AVMA about their stance on vaccinations and parvo. The Natural Rearing Breeders Association is a group founded by some veterinarians who discourage against vaccinating because they believe that the foundation of optimal health for dogs is a raw diet. Their belief is a dog that has a natural diet will develop a strong immune system that won’t succumb to diseases and viruses like parvo. Some of their research shows that a puppy that has contracted the virus has a smaller chance of survival if it has already been vaccinated or wormed than one that has not received the vaccination or worming.

Dogs and puppies that survive can make a full recovery and not develop any health issues or complications. While the majority of dogs that survive make a full recovery, parvo does have a lasting effect on some dogs. Some people have reported their puppies to have stunted growth after recovery. Parvo can also cause brain damage in the later stages so if a puppy has recovered from a severe case, they might suffer from some brain damage. The brain damage might cause some behavior issues such as anxiety and in rare cases, aggression triggered by fear. Some people have reported that their dogs weren’t “right in the head,” after recovering from a severe case.

Cases where parvo causes brain damage in dogs or puppies are rare. The majority of dogs that recover live normal and full lives. After dealing with a dog that has contracted parvo, the owner has to take precautions to ensure that the virus doesn’t spread to other dogs. This means fully disinfecting everything the dog has come into contact with. The parvovirus is a resilient virus that is very hard to eradicate because if your dog had access to a yard, how do you disinfect an entire yard? Even if it’s a small yard, it might prove to be challenging to disinfect the lawn and dirt patches. Your vet will be able to provide you information on how to disinfect everything and ensure that visiting dogs won’t be at risk of contracting parvo.

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Fluzone Quadrivalent, Fluzone Intradermal Quadrivalent, and Fluzone
High-Dose vaccines are given to help prevent influenza disease caused by influenza A and B strains contained in each vaccine. Fluzone Quadrivalent vaccine is given to people 6 months of age and older. Fluzone Intradermal Quadrivalent vaccine is given to people 18 through 64 years of age. Fluzone High-Dose vaccine is given to people 65 years of age and older.

For more information about Fluzone Quadrivalent, Fluzone Intradermal Quadrivalent, or Fluzone High-Dose vaccine, talk to your health care professional and see complete Patient Information.


Fluzone Quadrivalent, Fluzone Intradermal Quadrivalent, and Fluzone
High-Dose vaccines should not be administered to anyone with a severe allergic reaction (eg, anaphylaxis) to any vaccine component, including eggs, egg products, or thimerosal (the multidose vial is the only presentation containing thimerosal), or to a previous dose of any influenza vaccine.

  • 1.CDC. How flu spreads. Accessed October 12, 2017.
  • 2.CDC. Vaccine effectiveness - how well does the flu vaccine work? Accessed October 12, 2017.
  • 3.CDC. Children, the flu, and the flu vaccine. Accessed October 12, 2017.
  • 4.CDC. Misconceptions about seasonal flu and flu vaccines. Accessed October 12, 2017.
  • 5.CDC. Flu symptoms and complications. Accessed October 12, 2017.
  • 6.Affronti M, Mansueto P, Soresi M, et al. Low-grade fever: how to
    distinguish organic from nonorganic forms. J Clin Pract.
  • 7.Hamborsky J, Kroger A, Wolfe C. Influenza. In: Hamborsky J, Kroger A,
    Wolfe C, eds. Epidemiology and Prevention of Vaccine-Preventable Diseases (The Pink Book). 13th ed. Washington, DC: Public Health Foundation; 2015:187-208.
  • 8.Treanor JJ. Influenza viruses, including avian influenza and swine
    influenza. In: Mandell GL, Bennett JE, Dolin R, eds. Mandell, Douglas,
    and Bennett's Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases. 7th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Churchill Livingstone Elsevier; 2010:2265-2288.
  • 9.CDC. Prevention and control of influenza with vaccines:
    Recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization
    Practices (ACIP), 2010. MMWR.2010;59(RR08):1-62.
  • 10.CDC. The flu: A guide for parents. Accessed October 12, 2017.
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  • achat en ligne de zyloprim naturel

    Zentrale Rolle im Genom der Influenza-Viren spielen die Glykoproteine (Eiweiße mit Zuckergruppen) Hämagglutinin und Neuraminidase. Hämagglutinin dient dem Anheften der Viren an Rezeptoren der Wirtszellen, Neuraminidase spielt eine entscheidende Rolle bei der Freisetzung neuer Viren.

    Hämagglutinin bindet an spezifische Rezeptoren der Epithelzellen und bewirkt so die Aufnahme des Virus in die Wirtszelle über Endocytose (Einstülpungsvorgang der Zellmembran, bei der ein Teil des Außenmediums in das Zellinnere aufgenommen wird). Hämagglutinin bewirkt weiterhin eine Verschmelzung der Virushülle mit der Zellmembran und das Viruscapsid (Virus-RNA mit Eiweißschutzhülle) wird in die Wirtszelle freigegeben (Uncoating). Dieser Vorgang ist bereits 30 Minuten nach dem Anbinden an die Zelle abgeschlossen. Im weiteren Prozess werden das virale Genom im Zellkern der Wirtszelle kopiert (repliziert) und neue Viruspartikel im Cytosol(flüssige Matrix der ausfüllenden Grundstruktur der Zelle) fertiggestellt. Diese gelangen wieder zur Zellmembran, welche die Viruspartikel umschließt und aus der Zelle transportiert (Exocytose). Die neu entstandenen Viren werden durch die Neuraminidase von den Zellen abgetrennt und können nun weitere Zellen infizieren. [6] Dieser Vorgang ist nach 6 Stunden abgeschlossen. [7]

    Die Inkubationszeit ist im Wesentlichen von 2 Punkten abhängig:

    • Dosis der Viruspartikel: Je nach Menge der Viruspartikel kann die genannte Inkubationszeit variieren. Eine sehr hohe Dosis kann somit die Inkubationszeit verkürzen.
    • Verfassung des Infizierten: Der Gesundheitszustand des Betroffenen kann Einfluss auf die Inkubationszeit haben. Bei einem sehr effizienten Immunsystem mit entsprechenden Antikörpern kann der Ausbruch der Krankheit in dieser Zeit sogar noch abgewendet werden. In diesem Fall ist es möglich, dass die Infektion mit dem Virus gar nicht registriert wird.

    Hypothyroidism can be diagnosed by a doctor with a TSH (thyroid-stimulating hormone) test and an evaluation of your symptoms. Symptoms of hypothyroidism may be general, such as tiredness and constipation, and can often be confused with other health conditions. Symptoms usually appear slowly, over several months or years. No one can predict exactly which symptoms a person will develop or how severe the symptoms will be. Some people have many symptoms by the time they are diagnosed with hypothyroidism. Others have few, if any, symptoms. Because the symptoms are so variable, it’s important to talk with your doctor about your symptoms and to have a TSH test.

    Here are some common symptoms* to look out for:

    Weight gain due to fluid retention

    Increased sensitivity to cold

    Brittle fingernails and hair

    Dry, rough, pale skin

    Muscle and joint pain

    Heavy menstrual bleeding
    or irregular periods

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    I think you’re better off going cold turkey.n I tried weaning off and in the end the effects of withdrawal were horrible anyway. If you can stick with it for 4 to 6 weeks, they will subside …. Hope you can hang in there.

    After an obnoxious amount of digestive upset, numerous UTI’s and 30+ pounds of weight gain, I have finally significantly reduced my aspartame intake. I made the decision one day after feeling incredibly bloated and gross. I was up to drinking 1-2 can’s of Pepsi Max and 1-2 glasses (equal to 4 servings) of crystal light a day. In addition I chew gum, up to 7 pieces a day. I am now on day 13 of no beverages or foods with aspartame. I still chew the gum as I have not yet found a substitute, but only about 3-4 pieces a day. For me, gum is more of a physical addiction. I need to chew on something. I have replaced my daily beverages with plain water, sparkling seltzer water that is only carbonated water and natural flavors, no other ingredients. When I feel like I want some soda, I drink regular. I don’t really crave pop anymore so I only have maybe 2-3 a week. As for caffeine, I take Green Tea tablets. I am more cautious of ingredients in everything. I never had a weight problem until I used “diet” beverages and foods. This sucks as I now have more than 30 pounds to try and lose.

    As for the withdrawal…the first 7-10 days were the most difficult. I have had mood swings between anger and wanting to just cry for no reason at all. I do feel like those are beginning to subside some also. I have also began to get really itchy all over, no rash, just itchy and my muscles are achy. I am guessing that this is my body “cleansing” itself of the toxins. I knew going into this there was no quick fix, so I am prepared to deal with this until I am clean. I already feel better and my digestive system no longer sounds like I have an alien living inside of me. I am less bloated and I am beginning to come out of the fog and feel like me again.

    Thank you for this article, it is a real problem, the artificial sweeteners. I am more cautious now and will continue to be.

    Jen C

    Aspartame withdrawal: my symptoms – hostility, anger, headaches, diarrhea, joint pain, clumsiness including falling, trouble sleeping, nightmares, jaw pain, dizziness. Diet coke addict for thirty years (3-5) servings per day. Plus equal user. Trying sugar and Pepsi one now.

    Day 8 and I thought I was doing great until I started feeling a yeast infection coming on. I can do this. I can do this. I am 42 and started drinking diet coke in high school. I started drinking more and more. Too much. I weened myself off…wish I would have gone cold turkey though… Side affects would have subsided sooner.

    Heart palpitations
    Joint pain-shoulders elbows wrists
    Lower back pain
    Dry heaving
    Moody swings
    Hyper at times
    Lethargic – missed 2 days of work
    Restless legs
    Blurred vision
    Yeast infection

    I want to know why there is nothing credible popping up on all my searches? And I want to know why they are allowed to still allow us to consume this poison? I must say, I am not looking forward to whatever else is going to happen to my body over the next few weeks. However, emotionally I feel fantastic and I have gotten great sleep the past couple nights.

    Day 5, second time giving up diet sodas, diet dr peppers and diet cokes being my drug of choice. I am severely addicted, diet drinks have literally been the only liquid I consume other than milk in cereal. I have been addicted over 10 years. The first time I gave it up the symptoms were the same but this time they are much harder to handle. The first symptom to manifest is emotional, floating from anger to sadness to frustration. Then I feel like my body begins a purge, first by canker sores then yeast infection (sorry fellas for tmi) now I’m in the headache and body ache stage accompanied by lethargy and inability to sleep, anxiety and continued emotional withdrawal. I had to leave work early today. This addiction is no laughing matter and I long for the day when the dangers of this poison are more widely known and taken seriously. It’s hard to explain to others what you are going though by giving up the diet drinks, most people don’t take you seriously and that only makes it harder.

    My real problem started when I moved to Canada. I am used to drinking cordials in UK which do not contain aspartame. I rarely drank much diet coke.
    However they don’t have cordials in Canada and the fruit drinks here give me acid reflux, even water has an effect. I found diet coke didn’t upset my stomach so all I could do was use that as my main fluid intake. Anyway 3years down the road I haven’t been well at all since moving to Canada. I have gained weight and basically having problems with the food and drink here (all the additives) I realized this week it appears I have symptoms of aspartame poisoning, so I gave up diet coke three days ago. I found some English Elderflower drinks which do not seem to affect me.
    My first day I felt sick and had cravings for sweet things. My second day I felt flu like feelings and my glands were raised. My third day today I developed a terrible migraine and had to lay in a dark room and I have buzzing in my ears.
    I am however determined to eat healthy now and loose weight. I have gained around 60lbs since moving to Canada yep 60lbs but I am determined to loose it all and regain my health. So three days into my new life. The good thing is I am finally able to shop more healthy and have worked out the system here. Shopping has been difficult as 90% of products are different so basically I have picked all the wrong foods including US fruit which was obviously irradiated. I bought strawberries they were in the fridge over a month and didn’t show one sign of mould.
    I am becoming wise at long last. So wish me luck

    For the last 6 years I’ve consumed between 2-6 cans of diet cola a day. I’m currently on day 7 of quitting and I feel like death… For the past few days I’ve been irritable and lethargic with blurred vision and uncontrollable bouts of depression. Yesterday I was reduced to lying in a dark room all day because of the horrific migraine I had, and today I’m dizzy and suffering with awful vertigo… I now feel the need to tell everyone I know about aspartame. It’s TOXIC!

    I’m on day 7 and feel the very same. I’ve been addicted for 30 yrs

    Ugh. I’ve been a regular diet dr. Pepper drinker for about 4-5 years now. It’s definitely within the last 9 months that I’ve increased my intake dramatically. I’d say that I drink between 4-9 cans a day. I’m an addict. And I definitely suffer from aspartame poisoning. And i only just realized my symptoms: fatigue, irritability, anxiety, depression, insomnia, weight gain, carb craving, foggy head, confusion, joint pain, headaches…the depression was the biggest concern. And it’s been getting worse and worse…I thought I was going crazy. I would catch myself mid thought and forget was I was tasking about. At work recently Ive found myself many times having a hard time “getting it together.” Being forgetful, flighty, discombobulated, etc…and I found myself near tears at work like 4 times last night. For no reason at all. No good reason at least. Lamenting over my stressful, but good life. That was my big aha…something is NOT right and I thought it was more than jsut regular depression.

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    • Myocardial infarction (heart attack)
    • Congestive cardiac failure (CCF)
    • Pericarditis, especially viral pericarditis
    • Stroke
    • Vasculitis

    Reduced lung function or constriction of the airways hampers gas exchange with the blood and therefore its oxygenation or the flow of oxygen rich air into the lungs. The subsequent build up of carbon dioxide in the blood (hypercapnia) and changes in blood pH may also be contributing factors to malaise associated with the respiratory system.

    • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
    • Acute bronchitis
    • Pulmonary tuberculosis (lung TB)
    • Bronchiectasis

    Endocrine disorders are diseases pertaining to the glands and hormones. These structures and chemicals are responsible for regulating almost all activity in the body, including the metabolic rate, water and electrolyte levels, and blood glucose. Although symptoms of endocrine dysfunction is not always apparent immediately, dysfunction tends to lead to non-specific symptoms such as malaise.

    • Diabetes mellitus (sugar diabetes)
    • Underactive or overactive thyroid gland
    • Adrenal gland disorders
    • Pituitary gland dysfunction

    Autoimmune disorders where the immune system turns against the body’s own tissues may present with malaise apart from localized symptoms pertaining to the organ that is affected. Immune deficient states where the immune defenses are weakened may increase the chances of recurrent infections from various pathogens. Malaise may sometimes be a constant feeling apart from the symptoms specific to each infection.

    • Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)
    • Rheumatoid arthritis
    • HIV/AIDS
    • Long term diabetes mellitus

    A flu-like feeling can occur shortly after vaccinations but is usually short-lived. This is a response of the immune system as it develops protection against the specific disease.

    Malignant tumors may also contribute to malaise even when the cancer is well localized. However, it is cancers such as leukemia and lymphoma that are more likely to present with non-specific symptoms like malaise for a long period of time even in the absence of other symptoms. Some cancers produce and secrete certain hormone-like substances into the bloodstream – carcinoid syndrome. Metastatic spread involving cancer on multiple sites, chemotherapy and radiation therapy are among the more common cancer causes of malaise.

    The most common hematological causes of malaise is severe anemia. However, changes in blood pH and a build up of wastes in the bloodstream (uremia) associated with kidney disorders are other common causes. Very serious cases includes septicemia where there is an accumulation of bacterial toxins in the bloodstream.

    The psychiatric causes of malaise is largely associated with depression. There may be no change in any of the usual systems that are affected in malaise. Rather the low quantities of serotonin and the subsequent depressed mood may be mistaken for a fluish feeling. Sometimes it is entirely psychogenic meaning that it is imagined rather than being associated with actual changes in the body. Many psychiatric drugs cause malaise.

    Prescription medication that may contribute to malaise includes:

    • Antihistamines
    • Antiretrovirals for HIV/AIDS
    • High blood pressure medication
    • Seizure drugs

    Drug interactions where there is a reaction with the use of two or more medication simultaneously may also be responsible for malaise. Alcoholism, accidental or intentional poisoning and the use of illicit drugs can all contribute to malaise even after these substances wear off and have been removed from the system.

    From its discovery until 2006, confirmed cases of Zika virus infection were rare, although cases were reported during the 60's in Africa and South-East Asia. Analysis suggested that the African and Asian strains emerged as two distinct lineages.

    The first outbreak outside of Africa and Asia was documented on Yap Island in the Federal States of Micronesia, in 2007.

    Clinical and serologic evidence indicate that 2 American scientists contracted Zika virus infections while working in Senegal in 2008. One of the scientists transmitted this arbovirus to his wife after his return home. Direct contact is implicated as the transmission route, most likely as a sexually transmitted infection since none of their four children contracted the virus.

    The largest outbreak of the Zika Virus began in October 2013 in French Polynesia, South Pacific with an estimated 28,000 infections. Outbreaks also occurred in Easter Island, the Cook Islands and New Caledonia.

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    CSF in United Kingdom: control & past outbreaks CSF in Wild Boar in Europe: EU

    Clinical signs usually appear 5-10 days after infection (occasionally longer). An individual pig may show one of four types of clinical effect:

    a) Peracute (sudden death)
    Especially at the beginning of a farm outbreak, young pigs may be found dead without any prior sign of illness;
    b) Acute CSF (most common form)
    Fever (40.5-41.5 °C,105-107°F) is often the first sign, then depression, weakness, anorexia, conjunctivitis. Constipation may be followed by diarrhoea or vomiting. There may be purple discoloration of abdominal skin, or necrosis of the tips of extremities (ears, tail, vulva). Neurological signs may occur: incoordination, tremors, convulsions, circling.
    There is a high mortality (close to 100%) of acutely affected pigs, usually within a week of initial signs.
    Other infections may occur concomitantly with CSF, the classic example being Salmonella choleraesuis

    There may be abortions, stillbirths, mummifications and also congenital tremor of piglets.

    Peracute cases may show no gross lesions. In acute cases there are haemorrhagic lesions at autopsy. The haemorrhages are most marked under the kidney capsule and in lymph nodes, ileocaecal valve, bladder and larynx. There may also be skin reddening.

    haemorrhagic swollen lymph node - medial retropharyngeal
    (courtesy of Dr. Stan Done, Veterinary Laboratories Agency UK)

    Intestinal "button ulcers" may be seen, particularly in the proximal colon. They are 1-2 cm diameter with a necrotic centre.

    button ulcers - internal surface of colon
    (photo courtesy of L.D.Sims)

    Cerebellar hypoplasia occurs in neonatal pigs with congenital trembling.

    The Pig is the only species clinically affected although the virus can replicate transiently in sheep and cattle. Wild boars can be a reservoir.

    Pigs can become infected by ingestion, inhalation, genital (natural or A.I. semen) infection, by contamination of abrasions or by transplacental infection of fetuses.

    Most spread of CSF is by movement of infected pigs or feeding of inadequately cooked garbage (swill). Spread by artificial insemination was first recognised during the Netherlands epidemic of 1997.

    Persistent carriers of CSF virus can result from the phenomenon of immunotolerance to CSF virus. Immunotolerance can arise from transplacental infection during fetal life and results in a lifelong high level of viraemia (virus in the blood) without any antibody response. These pigs can only be detected by virus isolation, or by immunohistochemistry after death. Further information can be found in the Chapter on CSF in "Diseases of Swine" (Details of the book and how to order on-line).

    Local spread from infected farms to neighbouring farms within 1 km is well recognised, although the precise means of transmission can rarely be proven. Birds, rodents, pets or other animals may be involved. Slurry spreading is also possibly involved.

    Spread can be associated with vehicles used for moving live pigs or for disposing of carcasses or manure. Other vehicles are theoretically possible but not proven e.g.feed delivery vehicles.