Q: What are the symptoms of LaCrosse Encephalitis?

A: Like many of the arboviral encephalitides, most cases have symptoms usually associated with the flu. More severe cases may result in encephalitis, meningitis, paralysis, seizures, neurological damage, coma, and death. Those that survive severe cases often will need lifelong care.

Q: Is there a type of mosquito that carries this disease?

A: Yes, the vector for this disease is the ochlerotatus triseriatus, commonly known as the eastern tree-hole mosquito. The common name should give you a good idea of one of the habitats where this mosquito and its larvae can be found! Interestingly, the female prefer to search for their victims in daylight, but in shaded areas such as forests or woodlands.

Frequently Asked Questions about St. Louis Encephalitis

Q: Is this virus a serious threat to people here in the United States?

A: Although most cases of the disease here in the U.S. have been in the Southeastern and Midwestern areas, it can be found throughout North America. It is not one of the major arboviruses and most of the cases do not cause serious illness. However, some people, including the elderly, can end up with a very serious or fatal case of the disease. Most people don’t even realize they have the disease! (This disease also occurs in South America.)

Q: What are the symptoms of St. Louis Encephalitis?

A: Symptoms are very much like symptoms of the flu with headache and body aches, fever, nausea, and so forth. In serious cases, encephalitis and meningitis may occur.

Q: Is there a vaccine to prevent St. Louis Encephalitis?

A: No, unfortunately, not at this time. There are no medicines specifically designed to cure this disease. If a case is severe, medical attention is needed.

Q: Is St. Louis Encephalitis one of the diseases mosquitoes carry?

A: No, it is mainly the culex pipiens females that are the vectors of this disease. These mosquitoes prefer small reservoirs of water such as old tires, flowerpots, rain gutters, and other water-collecting containers for laying their eggs.

Frequently Asked Questions about Western Equine Encephalitis

Q: Where does Western Equine Encephalitis occur?

A: Basically, it can be found in the western regions of the U.S. and Canada, although the area affected has been spreading eastward, especially in places where the number of irrigated farmlands has escalated.

A: Like, Eastern Equine Encephalitis, the symptoms of Western Equine Encephalitis are very similar to those of the flu with headache and body aches, fever, nausea, and so forth. In serious cases, encephalitis (inflammation of the brain), meningitis, coma, and ultimately, death, may occur.

Unfortunately, it is harshest on young children, and those who survive severe cases may end up needing lifelong care. Horses are also susceptible to the virus and may die from WEE in severe cases.

Q: Is WEE one of the diseases mosquitoes spread?

A: Yes, the Culex Tarsalis mosquito is the culprit here in the United States. It should be noted that the female mosquito can travel 10-15 miles from its “birth home” in search of a blood meal. This means that people in the suburban neighborhoods within a 10-15 mile radius of irrigated land can be prime targets.

Q: Can I catch Malaria here in the United States?

A: It is possible, although almost all of the cases were ones that people caught when they traveled to countries where Malaria outbreaks occur. We have two Anopheles mosquitoes that are responsible for transmitting the parasites that cause Malaria: Anopheles quadrimaculatus in the eastern part of the country and Anopheles freeborni in the western part.

Q: Is Malaria Fatal? Do people die from Malaria here in the U.S.?

A: Yes, people do die from the disease, although it all depends on the medical attention the patient receives. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) found that of 1,337 cases of malaria reported in 2002 here in the U.S., only 8 deaths occurred.

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A: Mainly in the tropical and subtropical regions of the world, including Central America, South America, Southeast Asia, Indonesia, parts of Australia and Africa.

However, it should be noted that more cases are being recorded in other parts of the world as people from unaffected regions travel to areas with Dengue Fever.

Q: What are the symptoms of Dengue Fever?

A: Symptoms of Dengue Fever include high fever, rashes, head and body aches (especially joint and muscular), nausea and vomiting. Lymph nodes may become swollen.

Q: Can people die from Dengue Fever? I’ve heard that it’s a deadly virus.

A: You are probably confusing it with Dengue Haemorrhagic Fever, which can be deadly. Dengue Fever itself is not deadly, and most of the symptoms generally last about a week.

A: At this time there are no vaccines for Dengue Fever. Since it is a virus, antibiotics would be useless in fighting the virus. Usually people infected with the disease recover fully, unless complications occur. Contact your physician or health professional if you have traveled to an area known to have outbreaks of the disease and you come down with any of the symptoms listed above.

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Amniotic fluid surrounds the developing fetus in the amniotic sac, and performs some important functions. The amniotic fluid:

  • provides protective cushioning
  • protects the baby and uterus from infection
  • serves as a backup of nutrients and fluids for your baby
  • allows your baby to move about and breath
  • helps in the development of the respiratory, digestive and musculoskeletal systems

    What Causes Oligohydramnios During Pregnancy?

    There are several different causes of low amniotic fluid, which include:

    Signs and Symptoms of Low Amniotic Fluid

    There are several signs that may lead you to suspect low levels of amniotic fluid.

  • leaking fluid
  • small measurements
  • lack of feeling movement from your baby
  • an amniotic fluid index (AFI) of 5cm or less

    One of the main concerns is that your placenta may not be functioning correctly, which could lead to a number of complications. You may have a premature birth, or the amniotic fluid may get so low that your baby will compress the umbilical cord and starve himself of oxygen. Low amniotic fluid may also prevent some of the vital organs and systems we all rely on for fully developing.

    Sometimes, replacing fluid through maternal oral or IV hydration may be used to help correct the condition. Other times, amnioinfusion is used. If low amniotic fluid is seen in a post-term pregnancy, most practitioners will induce labor.

    Pink eye is a common condition, especially in children. It is also called conjunctivitis. The eyes are pink because they are infected or irritated. They may be itchy and teary, with a watery discharge, and swollen, crusty eyelids.

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    The bottom line, says Dr. Daniel: Don’t ignore how you feel. If you know something isn’t right, you can’t expect symptoms to just go away. Even though women often put themselves last after taking care of others, it’s important to pay attention to your body’s signals and trust your instincts. Women may experience warning signs up to a month before an attack, which means they have a valuable internal warning system when something isn’t right. The true trick to preventing a heart attack is taking preventative measures like exercising and eating well, but most of all, listening to your body.

    Originally published Feb. 2013. Updated May 2016.

    Progesterone is an important hormone that both men and women produce. Women rely more on progesterone, especially to do things like protect an ongoing pregnancy and to keep menstrual cycles regular. When women do not have enough of this hormone they may experience low progesterone symptoms, which can be extremely varied and affect many systems in the body.

    Low progesterone symptoms can manifest as directly related to menstrual cycle, fertility and reproductive issues. Some common symptoms include irregularity of the menstrual cycle, strong cramps during menstruation, higher incidence of PMS, and greater presence of blood clots during periods. When progesterone levels are very low, infertility may occur because ovulation is not occurring. Another affected aspect can be sex drive or libido, which may be reduced.

    These low progesterone symptoms aren’t always dangerous. A female body's production of progesterone naturally decreases 10 to 12 days after ovulation occurs, unless a woman becomes pregnant. This decrease triggers the start of menstruation and can lead to some of the normal symptoms associated with the menstrual cycle, like cramping and PMS. When periods are irregular, however, it may suggest greater imbalance of progesterone levels or other important hormones that regulate the menstrual cycle.

    It’s also valuable to understand that menopause causes reduction in progesterone and this may be responsible for certain menopausal symptoms like moods swings, hot flashes, decreased libido, and insomnia. Other low progesterone symptoms may affect women before and after menopause occurs. People may feel fatigue, have dry skin, experience insomnia, have depression, and be likely to put on weight.

    Sometimes low progesterone symptoms can be more dangerous. Chronic depression or anxiety, for instance, could lead to risk to suicidal behavior. Low progesterone levels can create dysfunction of the thyroid gland, and most seriously, certain forms of cancer may be more likely, including uterine cancer.

    Another possible set of symptoms associated with low progesterone are those affecting memory. People may experience memory loss or lack of mental acuity when levels of this hormone are well below normal. These symptoms may be directly related to lower thyroid hormone. If low progesterone causes hypothyroidism, this in turn can result in difficulty with memory and concentration. Alternately, both hormones aid in mental acuity and lack of both makes decline in mental sharpness more severe.

    If you think you have low progesterone levels, you should see your doctor. Many women have a few of these symptoms but never check because their low progesterone symptoms are not too bothersome. Occasionally, slightly reduced levels of progesterone create small concern, but some women find help if they take additional progesterone hormone. There are some over the counter natural progesterone creams you can purchase, but if you really feel your body needs supplementation with this hormone, you should consult a doctor first.

    42) Does anyone have symptoms of heavy long periods due to low progesterone. Mine was at a 7 before I got on 300mg of progesterone. I am 30 and dealt with this since I was 10 years old. It’s been a long battle for me. Due to the severity of this we have not been able to conceive a child of our own. Without progesterone my period will last on the average four to six weeks with about a one or two week break and then back on again.

    41) I have an autistic daughter who started having seizures last fall. The doctor prescribed a particular med and now her seizures have increased, so the doctor kept increasing the med and the seizures have increased as well.

    I started seeing a pattern with her periods and ovulation with the seizures. Last night, I started looking at possible links and found out that increased estrogen and low progesterone can cause seizures. I then looked at symptoms of low progesterone and realized I've suffered from those symptoms for many decades.

    Today, while researching the medicine, I found out that one of the side effects was increased FSH and LH, which increases estrogen to start ovulation. So that's why there could be this increase in the seizures with the meds.

    I'm frustrated as to what to do now. I've had it for years. With mainstreamed medicine they only rely on pharmaceutical companies for treatment, and the natural alternatives which are usually more helpful are never promoted by them or covered by insurance. Something has to change in how insurance covers medical forms of treatment!

    40) Turmeric helps with aches/pains/stiffness and makes the “getting old” feeling go away.

    Vitamin B5 is great for adult acne, hair loss, rosacea, pcos, insulin resistance. Facial skin will look wonderful.

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    Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a serious condition that can lead to diabetic coma (passing out for a long time) or even death.

    When your cells don't get the glucose they need for energy, your body begins to burn fat for energy, which produces ketones. Ketones are chemicals that the body creates when it breaks down fat to use for energy. The body does this when it doesn’t have enough insulin to use glucose, the body’s normal source of energy. When ketones build up in the blood, they make it more acidic. They are a warning sign that your diabetes is out of control or that you are getting sick.

    High levels of ketones can poison the body. When levels get too high, you can develop DKA. DKA may happen to anyone with diabetes, though it is rare in people with type 2.

    Treatment for DKA usually takes place in the hospital. But you can help prevent it by learning the warning signs and checking your urine and blood regularly.

    DKA usually develops slowly. But when vomiting occurs, this life-threatening condition can develop in a few hours. Early symptoms include the following:

    • Thirst or a very dry mouth
    • Frequent urination
    • High blood glucose (blood sugar) levels
    • High levels of ketones in the urine

    Then, other symptoms appear:

    • Constantly feeling tired
    • Dry or flushed skin
    • Nausea, vomiting, or abdominal pain
      (Vomiting can be caused by many illnesses, not just ketoacidosis. If vomiting continues for more than 2 hours, contact your health care provider.)
    • Difficulty breathing
    • Fruity odor on breath
    • A hard time paying attention, or confusion

    Ketoacidosis (DKA) is dangerous and serious. If you have any of the above symptoms, contact your health care provider IMMEDIATELY, or go to the nearest emergency room of your local hospital.

    You can detect ketones with a simple urine test using a test strip, similar to a blood testing strip. Ask your health care provider when and how you should test for ketones. Many experts advise to check your urine for ketones when your blood glucose is more than 240 mg/dl.

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    A few simple questions…..a lot above to sift through…..

    I have tried to find confirmation that Medicare does require HCWs to get the flu shot..or wear a mask yes or no and where to find it. I am specifically referring to employees who work in a clinical outpatient setting..doctor’s offices where there is a lab and x-ray department, secretaries, nurses and administration …this refers to a provider based hospital clinic, if that makes a difference. Again, where does it say employers can make it mandatory or wear a mask for employment?

    Secondly, why not require that all patients coming into the facility show proof of having had the flu shot…Rhetorical question of course…

    I do agree somewhere in all this money is going from the pharmaceutical industry to the hands of the people making these decisions in Washington….

    Is’nt it a HIPAA violation that I would have to get the flu shot and a sticker on my badge stating if I took the flu shot or not?
    What about other vaccines or contagious illnesses.Are those health care workers going to have it stated on their badge what they are positive for?

    I totally agree with David, people should not be forced to do anything and put anything into their body. It is a free country. And how about the people that had the flu vaccine and is getting the flu anyway, and walking around with it in the hospital.

    Concerns raised
    1. What about patients that don’t take the flu vaccine and are in our Hospital? Are we isolating them from the other patients…No.

    2. What about visitors that come to our hospital we are not asking them for their vaccine status? Vendors?

    3. What about Physicians that come to our hospital and meet face-to-face with their patients we are not asking them for their flu vaccine status

    4. What about the side effects of mask-wearing to the healthcare worker for extended periods of time?

    5. Isn’t the basis for the flu mandate for healthcare workers, found in Obamacare that states certain reimbursement will be made by percentage of healthcare workers that have the flu shot?. Once again the travesty called Obamacare has placed on healthcare workers demands that are ridiculous just as the premiums and you won’t lose your doctor was.

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    Symptoms appear with a few days of coming in contact with the flu virus. Usually, from someone sneezing around you or hand to face contact with an item touched by someone who is infected. The flu can spread so quickly because its incubation period is very short. It can last from a few day to a week or longer. Often the experience of weakness may last long after the flu is gone.

    Whether you have a cold or the flu, it is important to keep hydrated. You can lessen the severity of a cold by getting lots of rest and increasing fluids. There are homeopathic cold remedies that really help. (see at end of post) The flu can be stopped or shortened when treated upon immediate onset by homeopathic and anti-viral medications. A yearly flu shot is especially advised if you fall into the risk category, but research the ingredients in new flu shots. Try the common cold and flu treatments below.

    • Brewer’s Yeast is high in vitamin B, chromium, and protein. Good for flu, cold respiratory infection. Take at the first signs of a cold or flu
    • Chiropractic adjustment has shown great results as it can improve the nervous and immune system.
    • Echinacea helps to fight infections. Take as soon as you feel sick.(1,000 mg 2-3x daily) Said to be as effective as TamiFlu.
    • Elderberry – Boosts immune system, relieves sinus and respiratory pain
    • Fresh Air – Often the air in your home is more polluted than the air outside. Spend a little time going out for fresh air. Use an air purifier.
    • Oregano Oil t is an antiviral take twice a day up to 100 mg a day
    • Frankincense and clove oils – Rubbing peppermint and frankincense essential oil to the neck and bottoms of the feet can naturally support the immune system.
    • Pepperment Oil – Help to open nasal passages.
    • Drink Green and chamomile tea – these teas and have powerful antioxidants help to build the immune system.
    • Vitamin C (1,000 mg 3-4x daily. Up to 4,000 when symptoms appear. Builds immune system and white blood cells. Can be obtained by fruits and vegetable as well as supplements.
    • Vitamin D regulates the immune system and can be received by sunlight or a supplement. Take 2,000 rather than 200-400 units per day up to three times daily.
    • Probiotics help restore good bacteria to your gut. They can also help with diarrhea symptoms.
    • Water: It is easy to become dehydrated when you are experiencing vomiting, diarrhea or a sore throat. Drinks lots of water. Alkaline water if you can find it.
    • Zinc – Support immune system. Take in form of pill or spray (50-100 mg daily)

    The so-called common cold, is the most common infectious disease in existence, having more than 200 types of viral associations, such as respiratory and nasal viruses. Cold symptoms are progressive, starting with sneezing, difficulty breathing and a runny nose. This will continue until the whole head is congested. It then moves down to the throat, causing inflammation and soreness.

    Other symptoms of a cold can be stiff muscles, loss of appetite coughing and headaches. People who suffer from allergies may experience longer symptoms. Cold symptoms will appear from one day to one week after becoming exposed to a cold virus.

    The Mayo Clinic states that these are the varied symptoms of a cold:

    • A cough
    • Sneezing
    • Congestion
    • A sore throat
    • Stuffy/runny nose
    • Low-grade fever
    • Body aches and headache
    • Generally feeling ill

    Of course, these indications will differ from person to person. Children and the elderly and those with compromised immune symptoms may be affected more than a healthy adult. While babies and younger children tend to have fevers up to 102 degrees with the cold, older children and adults ten to have colds without fever. A child can have 5 or more colds each year while adult 2 to 3 a year.

    No Cure for a Cold

    There is no cure for a cold. It has to ‘run its course’. A cold is caused by various viruses which mutate too quickly in the human body to find a suitable remedy. Since there is no cure for the cold, it is best to try to prevent becoming infected.

    How to Prevent Getting a Cold? Is this really possible when living around so many people? Things that can help.

    • Be aware, one of the main ways of transmission of this virus is the air.
    • When in a closed space with someone with a cold, cover your face.
    • When someone sneezes or coughs, the germs travel and lands on surfaces.
    • Wash your hands after you touch doorknobs, keyboards, remote control, ATM machine.
    • Be aware of hand to face contamination.
    • Avoid people who appear to be sick.
    • Eat a healthy diet.
    • Eat foods that strengthen the immune system.

    One of the best common cold and flu treatments and prevention is, avoiding someone who is sick and washing your hand frequently. Thankfully today there are many hand sanitizer on the market. Make sure you always have a bottle of sanitizer with you, if you can’t wash your hands immediately. Also, when at home periodically disinfect surfaces and doorknobs regularly. Antibacterial soap containing triclosan is also very helpful.

    Die nasse Jahreszeit ist bekannt dafür, dass viele an einer Erkältung leiden. Das Immunsystem ist meist im Keller, Viren und Bakterien haben somit ein leichtes Spiel. Heute sagen viele, umgangssprachlich Grippe, obwohl es sich nur um einfache Erkältung handelt. Die echte Grippe dagegen, ist viel schlimmer und nennt sich in der Fachsprache Influenza. Ob jemand von der echten Grippe oder nur von einer Erkältung heimgesucht wurde, lässt sich leicht herausstellen. Bei der echten Grippe ist es so, dass sich die meisten Patienten kurz vorher noch gesund fühlen. Das Fieber fängt plötzlich an und schießt in die Höhe. Über 38 Grad Celsius sind bei einer richtigen Grippe keine Seltenheit. Bei einer einfachen Erkältung fängt zuerst der Hals an zu kratzen, es kommt Schnupfen hinzu und meist auch Kopf- und Gliederschmerzen. Dies kann bei der Influenza auch auftreten, nur nicht so schleichend, wie bei einer Erkältung.

    Der Grippevirus wird durch die Tröpfcheninfektion übertragen. Das kann beim Niesen sein, beim Sprechen, Husten oder auch beim berühren einer Türklinke. Wer sich infiziert, erkrankt meist in ein bis drei Tagen an der Grippe. Deswegen ist es immer wichtig, sich regelmäßig die Hände zu waschen oder zu desinfizieren. Mittlerweile gibt es in den Drogerie- sowie Supermärkten tolle Hygiene Tücher, die man hierfür verwenden kann. Komplett schützen kann man sich leider nicht vor Grippeviren. Generell gilt, wer ein gutes Immunsystem hat, erkrankt nicht so häufig daran, wie andere. Statt sich einem Hygienewahn zu unterwerfen, tun es pro Tag – fünf Portionen Obst noch eher.

    Diese Symptome treten bei einer Grippeerkrankung auf:

    Wer sich nicht sicher ist, ob er an der Influenza leidet, kann sich an folgenden Symptomen orientieren. Es wird bei hohem Fieber, das nicht verschwindet, dringend geraten, einen Arzt aufzusuchen. Vor allem dann, wenn es plötzlich auftritt.

    f) hier und da auch Durchfall, Übelkeit und Erbrechen

    Wichtige Schritte bei Symptome Grippe bzw. einer Influenza:

    Bei einer leichten Erkältung muss niemand gleich zum Arzt laufen. Die meisten Patienten kennen bereits ihren Körper und wissen, was am besten hilft. Kommt Fieber ins Spiel, sollte niemand damit scherzen, weil es hier nicht nur um den eigenen Körper geht. Wer mit einer richtigen Grippe in die Arbeit geht, sollte einem das überhaupt gelingen, steckt damit eventuell unschuldige Menschen an. Deswegen sollte der Weg zum Arzt, doch an erster Stelle stehen. Bei der Influenza sind ebenso andere Maßnahmen erforderlich, als bei einer einfachen Erkältung. Bei den Influenza A Viren wird beispielsweise Amantadin zur Therapie eingesetzt. Das sind Medikamente, die nur der Arzt verschreibt. Influenza Viren sollte niemand unterschätzen, da sie wirklich gefährlich sein können. Hühnersuppe alleine hilft in dem Fall nur wenig weiter.

    Fluish Feeling Meaning and Causes of Flu-Like Sensation

    At times a person may feel unwell or is in discomfort without being able to identify any specific symptoms like nausea or pain. It is a generalized sensation that cannot be localized to a certain part of the body. This is commonly referred to as a fluish feeling or a flu-like feeling. The correct medical term for this sensation is malaise. The flu (seasonal influenza) is the most common recurrent ailment that humans experience throughout life. One of the main features of this viral infection is malaise which precedes the other symptoms and persists throughout the illness. Therefore it is only natural that most people describe malaise as feeling fluish or a flu-like sensation since they are very familiar with this sensation.

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    Cat flu is quite a nasty illness for your pet. If you have never seen a cat with flu then count yourself lucky. It is far worse than cat colds.

    Our cats have always been vaccinated and have never caught the feline flu, but because Little Mo came from an animal shelter, we did not know her previous history and she caught the flu soon after we re-homed her.

    Cat Flu is the common name given to a group of viruses, which affect the upper respiratory tract in cats.

    Healthy cats are normally able to cope with the illness and it is not usually fatal, but it can be much nastier and dangerous to kittens and cats with a weaken immune system.

    Anyway we all know how unpleasant the flu can be in ourselves, so it is something that we should try and protect our pets from catching it in the first place.

    This is a very serious condition which can cause long term damage to some cats such as blindness. It can also kill young cats and which is why vaccination is so important.

    The disease affects the:

    • eyes, nose, mouth and windpipe. In severe cases it may even spread to the lungs and bronchi.

    The viruses are spread:

    • Via sneezing and contact with the discharges.

    The Spread of the virus needs to be contained. The best method is to:

    • Cats infected with the feline flu should be kept separate from other animals to prevent spreading the disease.

    If you notice your cat displaying any of the following symptoms, you should take them to the vets immediately to have the illness diagnosed professionally and treated quickly.

    The symptoms of cat flu can last between 7 and 14 days depending on the strain of virus.

    Viral infections cannot be cured but the symptoms can be managed. Depending on the symptoms your cat is showing your vet may prescribe, eye drops and or antibiotics.

    In severe cases where the cat cannot eat or drink due to mouth ulcers, your vet may want to keep your cat at the clinic so that they can be fed intravenously.

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      Tuberculosis can develop after inhaling droplets sprayed into the air from a cough or sneeze from an infected person and it can also spread through infected sputum and there is a form spread through milk from infected cows. The risk of contracting TB increases with the frequency of contact with people who have the disease, and with crowded or unsanitary living conditions and poor nutrition.

      Pulmonary TB develops in the minority of people whose immune systems do not successfully contain the primary infection. The disease may occur within weeks after the primary infection, or it may lie dormant for years before causing disease. The extent of the disease can vary from minimal to massive involvement, but without effective therapy, the disease becomes progressive.

      Infants, the elderly, and individuals who are immunocompromised, those undergoing transplant surgery who are taking anti rejection medications are at higher risk for progression of the disease or reactivation of dormant disease. Those who have not received BCG immunisation are advised to do so and if for travel purposes, at least six weeks before departure to ensure a protective level of immunity.

      Treatment with anti microbial drugs is effective but is prolonged and requires medical supervision. It is also expensive and not always available abroad. Incomplete treatment of TB infections (such as failure to take medications for the prescribed length of time) can contribute to the emergence of drug-resistant strains of bacteria.

      Prevention: Avoid overcrowded places in endemic areas, particularly where spitting is common. Never drink unpasteurised milk. If in doubt, boil it before drinking. There is a vaccination (BCG) which can give a valuable degree of protection, particularly in children. Travellers who plan to spend more than a month in an area with a high tuberculosis rate and who have not been previously immunised should consider immunisation with BCG.

      (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome)
      is a severe pneumonia that has been reported in China Hong Kong, Vietnam, Singapore, Taiwan, Indonesia, the Philippines, Thailand and Canada. It appears to have spread in a short period of time and is now regarded by the World Health Organisation as a worldwide threat.

      The organism responsible for SARS was originally thought to be a paramyxo virus similar to the viruses responsible for causing measles and mumps but It has now been identified as a member of the coronavirus family never previously seen in humans. Identification of the coronavirus means that scientists can now move towards developing treatments for SARS and successfully controlling the disease. At present there is no specific treatment.

      Outbreaks such as the one in Toronto which affected family members and health care workers are thought to have occurred early in the epidemic when the significance of the condition was not appreciated. Where infection control measures are applied, outbreaks seem not to occur. Therefore, anyone thought to be suffering from the illness should be isolated and nursed using barrier techniques. Secondary infections can be controlled with antibiotics and symptomatic treatment undertaken.

      Avian Influenza (Bird Flu)

      Avian influenza usually does not make wild birds sick, but can make domesticated birds very sick and kill them. They do not usually infect humans; however, several instances of human infections and outbreaks have been reported since 1997. When such infections occur, public health authorities monitor the situation closely because of concerns about the potential for more widespread infection in the human population.

      The reported symptoms of avian influenza in humans have ranged from typical influenza-like symptoms (e.g., fever, cough, sore throat and muscle aches) to eye infections, pneumonia, acute respiratory distress, viral pneumonia, and other severe and life-threatening complications.

      Currently there is no definitive evidence of human-to-human transmission of avian influenza and no infections have been documented among health-care workers. While it is unusual for people to get influenza infections directly from animals, such transmission has been documented several times in recent years and is under investigation although most human cases have been linked to direct contact with diseased birds.

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      Know the symptoms of different kinds of pink eye.

      • Viral pink eye: Symptoms can include watery eyes along with a cold, flu, or sore throat.
      • Allergic pink eye: Symptoms include itchy eyes, swollen eyelids and a runny or itchy nose. It is more common in people who have other allergies, such as hay fever or asthma.
      • Bacterial pink eye: Symptoms include a thick, often yellow-green discharge that lasts all day (usually not with a cold or flu).

      This report is for you to use when talking with your health-care provider. It is not a substitute for medical advice and treatment. Use of this report is at your own risk.

      © 2013 Consumer Reports. Developed in cooperation with the American Academy of Ophthalmology.

      Il peut être difficile de distinguer une grippe d’un rhume. Ce sont des maladies semblables, à première vue, mais bien différentes. Les symptômes du rhume sont habituellement légers alors que ceux de la grippe sont plus sévères. De plus, le rhume est fréquent et infecte principalement le nez et la gorge alors que la grippe, plus rare, peut aussi attaquer les poumons.

      Tout le monde peut attraper la grippe. La grippe est une maladie sévère, les personnes âgées et les jeunes enfants sont les plus exposées à la grippe et à ses complications. On parle alors de personnes à risque de complications.

      Les personnes dites à risque de complications sont:

      • les personnes atteintes de certaines maladies chroniques (MPOC, asthme, diabète, cancer, etc.);
      • les enfants âgés de 6 mois à 5 ans;
      • les personnes âgées de 60 ans et plus;
      • les femmes enceintes (2 e et 3 e trimestre surtout);
      • les personnes qui ont un système immunitaire affaibli (VIH, greffe d’organes, etc.)
      • les personnes résidant dans des centres de longue durée ou des maisons de soins infirmiers, quel que soit leur âge;
      • les personnes atteintes d’obésité morbide (IMC> 40)
      • les personnes d’origine autochtones;
      • les travailleurs en contact avec la population à risque de complications (travailleurs du domaine de la santé, des garderies, etc.).

      Même si la grippe est une affection respiratoire, tout l’organisme en souffre. Habituellement, le sujet présente des symptômes aigus qui apparaissent soudainement. La fièvre s’installe rapidement et s’accompagne de frissons, d’une faiblesse générale, d’une perte d’appétit et de douleurs musculaires vives dans tout le corps. La plupart des gens recouvrent la santé entre 5 à 10 jours sans subir de complications.

      La fatigue et la toux peuvent cependant persister jusqu’à 2 semaines et plus. Des symptômes gastro-intestinaux tels que des nausées, des vomissements et de la diarrhée peuvent quelquefois accompagner la grippe, ils sont toutefois plus fréquents chez les enfants.

      Vous pouvez présenter un ou plusieurs des symptômes suivants:

      • Fièvre
      • Toux
      • Mal de gorge
      • Fatigue et faiblesse
      • Douleurs musculaires
      • Maux de tête
      • Perte d’appétit
      • Congestion nasale ou écoulements nasaux

      Les complications de la grippe peuvent comprendre la déshydratation, la sinusite, l’otite, la bronchite et la pneumonie.

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      Si vos symptômes s’aggravent ou ne s’améliorent pas après 7 jours, vous devez également consulter un médecin le jour même.

      Vous pouvez obtenir une consultation le jour même ou le lendemain dans une ressource près de chez vous. Pour en savoir plus ou pour trouver une de ces ressources, consultez la page Trouver une ressource qui offre de la consultation médicale le jour même ou le lendemain.

      Vous devez vous rendre immédiatement à l’urgence si vous avez des symptômes de la grippe et que vous présentez aussi l’un des symptômes suivants:

      • difficulté à respirer qui persiste ou qui augmente;
      • lèvres bleues;
      • douleur intense à la poitrine;
      • douleur intense à la tête qui persiste ou qui augmente;
      • somnolence, difficulté à rester éveillé, faiblesse;
      • confusion, désorientation;
      • convulsions (le corps se raidit et les muscles se contractent de façon saccadée et involontaire);
      • absence d’urine depuis 12 heures, soif intense.

      Si votre bébé de moins de 3 mois a de la fièvre, amenez-le à l’urgence rapidement.

      Si votre enfant a de la fièvre et qu’il semble très malade, qu’il manque d’énergie et qu’il refuse de jouer, amenez-le consulter un médecin rapidement ou appelez Info-Santé 811.

      Si vous avez besoin d’aide immédiate pour vous rendre à l’urgence, composez le 9-1-1.

      Certaines situations nécessitent l’évaluation d’une infirmière, qui pourra vous fournir des conseils spécifiques concernant votre situation. Elle pourra aussi vous indiquer si vous devriez consulter un médecin rapidement ou non.

      Vous devriez donc appeler Info-Santé 811 si vous-même ou votre enfant êtes dans l’une des situations suivantes:

      • vous êtes essoufflé;
      • vous avez de la difficulté à respirer;
      • vous ne savez pas si vous devez consulter un médecin

      La plupart des personnes en bonne santé guérissent de la grippe par elles-mêmes au bout de 5 à 7 jours. Il faut bien se reposer et se nourrir selon son appétit.

      La toux et la fatigue peuvent toutefois durer jusqu’à 2 semaines, et même plus.

      Vous pouvez soulager les symptômes de la grippe en prenant les mesures suivantes:

      Si vous avez de la fièvre, votre corps perd naturellement beaucoup de liquide, surtout par la transpiration. Il est donc important de boire beaucoup et souvent.

      • Buvez de préférence des liquides froids ou chauds: eau, lait, jus, bouillon.
      • Évitez les boissons alcoolisées ou contenant de la caféine comme le café, le thé et les boissons énergisantes. Comme ces boissons font uriner, elles font augmenter la perte de liquide.

      En l’absence de complications ou de facteurs de risque de complications, le traitement de la grippe ne nécessite pas de médicaments prescrits. Toutefois, pour soulager la fièvre et la douleur, vous pouvez prendre des médicaments offerts en vente libre comme l’acétaminophène, par exemple du Tylenol MD, ou l’ibuprofène, par exemple de l'Advil MD.

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      When kids get the flu those fevers are normal (even higher too) and it's common that the motrin/tylenol isn't that helpful.

      There is a test available to see whether it is actuallly flu or not - a Q-tip nasal swab test. Not pleasant, but if it is flu, the doctor can give her TamiFlu, which would help her get over it.

      YOu could also give the homeopathic remedy called Oscillo. We just went through the flu last week - 2 of my daughters had it - and I took Oscillo because I was fighting it too. It's completely safe and it totally worked for me. (I got it at wal mart - full name is oscillococcinum). The label doesn't say it, but if you try it, take it apart from food (don't eat within 30 minutes).

      Hope your little one feels better soon!!

      I'm not a doctor, but my son had influenza a few years ago.

      While high fevers are scary, they actually are not proven to cause any damage. It's the virus or bacteria that causes problems. Does your doctor seem concerned about the fever? Ask him or her specifically. Call another one for a second opinion if you can't get a good answer.

      You should work hard to keep her hydrated. If she stops taking fluids, call your doctor. Watch for too rapid breathing as well. When my son had influenza, he developed pneumonia within two days and was breathing about 90 times a minute!

      When my children have gotten sick it is not on common for them to spike to 105. Whenever I have taken them to the ER they have given them a dose of Tylenol & Motrin at the same time to knock the fever down and then go back to alternating every 3 hours. Now we just use that protocol at home when they spike a fever that high. It does the trick every time. I would hate to recommend that to you without checking with your Doctor first but I wanted to let you know that is what we do and we have had a lot of experience with fevers! They are scary but the moms always seem more worried then the nurses and Doctors. We went to the ER once with a temp. of 106 and hallucinations and the nurses were so calm about it - I of course was not! Good luck.

      Hi M., I'm an RN (and a mom). The important things to watch for during an illness with a high fever are fluid intake (pedialyte is ideal and preferable to water or juice) and how your child looks overall: is she pale, limp, listless, or lethargic. Some indications of dehydration are no urination in 8 hrs. or a whitish, sticky, "dry" tongue. If these things occur, or if your child just doesn't look right to you (because, as a mom, your intuition is a valuable indicator) you should take her to the ER if her pediatrician is not available to see her. Also, if she is becoming more congested or having any difficulty breathing, you should seek medical attention immediately. There is always an MD on call for a medical practice, so you should be able to contact someone from her pediatrician's office after hours if needed. It is normal to be scared when your baby has a high fever. I was terrifed when my son got the flu one year and I couldn't get his fever down. You should ask your pediatrician if you are giving her the optimal dose of tylenol and/or motrin for her weight, the over the counter doses listed on the package are for the average weight of a child for the age (don't change your dosing without talking to the doctor first). When you put her down for the night, cover her lightly to minimize the fever. The research used to indicate that febrile seizures were related to how quickly the temp spiked upward rather than the actual temp, so, although you are right to be concerned about seizures it may not be that likely to happen. I don't know if the current research still supports this theory, though (again, check with the doctor). If she is still running that high of a fever after a few days, it would be prudent for her pediatrician to make sure she doesn't have a bacterial infection of some sort rather than a virus (infuenza is caused by a virus). If she's not better within a few days, or seems to be getting worse, you should definitely take her back to the doctor. Good luck, I hope she gets better soon:). L. E.

      Photo: Getty Images

      Acid reflux is such a common problem you'd think it would be simple to spot and treat.