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Der Hauptsitz des Robert Koch-Instituts (RKI) in Berlin. Weiter lesen

HIV-1 - Human immunodeficiency virus 1 (Retroviren) Reife Virionen (rote Hülle) sammeln sich an der Oberfläche eines T-Lymphozyten (Wirtszelle). Transmissions-Elektronenmikroskopie, Ultradünnschnitt. Weiter lesen

Koloniewachstum eines aeroben Sporenbildners (Bacillus sp.) auf Blutagar ohne Hämolyse. Weiter lesen

Zahlreiche wissenschaftliche Kommissionen haben ihre Geschäftsstelle am RKI Weiter lesen

You are experiencing ascension symptoms while the planet and the environment is going through major physical changes.

Just as mother earth is releasing toxins that man has caused for centuries, we are feeling unexplained symptoms.You are also feeling symptoms from star surges.

Ascension is an evolutionary process which involves raising human consciousness.

This will create a much more highly evolved planet and a much more highly evolved human.

As the ascension process continues, the inhabitants of the earth will "ascend" through the human body and return to Source, or the Creator.

So feeling the spiritual awakening symptoms of ascension is a very necessary part of man's evolution.

Here are some ascension symptoms that I have felt:

  • Changing sleep patterns: restlessness, waking up two or three times a night. Feeling tired after you wake up and sleeping off and on during the day. I sleep for about 2-3 hours, wake up, go back to sleep for another couple of hours, wake again, and go back to sleep again. I have felt a surge of energy coming into my body from the crown which has kept me awake for a long time, then it subsides.
  • A pressure or sense of emotions congested in the heart chakra (the middle of the chest). This is not to be confused with the heart, which is located to the left of the heart chakra.
  • Old "issues" re-surfacing and people with whom I need to work it out appear in my life suddenly. There are situations we need to complete and emotions to release. Such as working through issues of self-worth, abundance, creativity, addictions, etc.
  • Your senses become much stronger which leads to Increased sensitivity.

Sight: Blurry vision, shimmering objects, seeing glittery particles, auras around people, plants, animals, and objects.

Hearing: Increased or decreased hearing - muffled hearing as if under water. Other symptoms are hearing white noise in the head, beeps, tones, music or electronic patterns. More and more people are discovering that they hear voices (from the spiritual realm).

Senses of smell, touch, and/or taste are increased. I can smell and taste chemical additives in some foods in a rather unpleasant manner while other foods may taste wonderful. There are also some foods that I no longer like.

  • Power surges: All of a sudden I feel hot or cold from head to toe. It is a momentary sensation, but uncomfortable. More recently I experience waves or currents of energy rolling through me. Sometimes the energy is so intense I feel a little nauseated.
  • Ascension Weight Gain. I have been gaining and losing weight rather quickly.

Read this explanation that makes it easier to understand what you are experiencing and how you can ask for help:

People from all over the world visit salt mines in the Himalayas, Austria and Germany, known for their salt hot springs, where people go to rejuvenate and to have a sense of well-being. This is from the dry negative ions in the air caused by the salt. Many people visit the oceans and sea for this benefit.

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No more effective than placebo for reducing duration or severity of cold symptoms

RCT = randomized controlled trial.

Information from references 7, 11, 14, and 23 through 28.

Antibiotics and Antihistamines. In adults, as in children, antibiotics do not decrease the duration or severity of illness, even when purulent rhinitis is present.7 Sedating and nonsedating antihistamines are ineffective for cough and other cold symptoms.11, 23, 29

Opioids, Intranasal Corticosteroids, and Nasal Saline Irrigation. Despite widespread use, codeine is no more effective than placebo for reducing cough.11, 24 The American College of Chest Physicians (ACCP) does not recommend other opioids for the treatment of cough.24 Although intranasal corticosteroids reduce swelling and inflammation of the nasal mucosa, they have not been shown to significantly benefit patients with the common cold.26, 27 Nasal irrigation with hypertonic or normal saline does not provide significant relief for cold symptoms in adults.28

Complementary and Alternative Medicine Products. When used solely for treatment of symptoms after they appear, vitamin C does not consistently reduce their duration or severity.14 Herbal preparations containing Echinacea angustifolia are not beneficial.25 Many physicians have recommended increased fluid intake and inhalation of heated, humidified air to thin secretions during a cold. No randomized trials have assessed the effect of increasing fluid intake in adults,30 and a Cochrane review found inconsistent study results for steam inhalation.31

Decongestants With or Without Antihistamines. Oral or topical decongestants alone seem to be somewhat effective for short-term relief of cold symptoms, compared with placebo.32 Pseudoephedrine and phenylephrine decrease nasal edema to improve air intake.32 Although antihistamines do not work as monotherapy, combination medications containing a first-generation antihistamine and decongestant may be slightly beneficial in relieving general symptoms, nasal symptoms,23 and cough.11 Combination medications are recommended by the ACCP to treat acute cough.29

Anticholinergics, Dextromethorphan, Guaifenesin. Ipratropium (Atrovent) is the only orally inhaled anticholinergic recommended by the ACCP for cough caused by a common cold,24 and one study showed that the nasal formulation decreases rhinorrhea and sneezing.33 Studies of dextromethorphan and guaifenesin for cough are almost evenly split, with some demonstrating benefit and others not.11, 24

Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs. These medications effectively relieve pain from headache, myalgias, and arthralgias experienced during a cold; however, decreased sneezing is the only effect they have on respiratory symptoms.34 The ACCP has concluded that naproxen (Naprosyn) is beneficial in the treatment of acute cough.24

Complementary and Alternative Medicine Products. Table 5 summarizes the herbal preparations that may be effective in adults.10, 14, 18, 20, 35 – 38 An herbal solution containing P. sidoides was shown to reduce the duration and severity of 10 different cold symptoms in a randomized controlled trial.37 Another randomized controlled trial demonstrated the benefit of Andrographis paniculata (Kalmcold) in improving symptom scores.35 A systematic review also indicated that A. paniculata, alone or in combination with Acanthopanax senticosus, may be more effective for symptom relief than placebo.36

The of the many hazards of travel to Central American countries like Mexico is the possibility of exposure to one or more of the many tropical diseases endemic to this region. Most U.S. citizens have had little contact with these diseases so that they are more vulnerable to an unfortunate exposure than natives might be.

Fortunately, by taking some sensible precautions the Mexico traveler should be able to enjoy this country without having to bed down for days on end, seeking out medical care or having to suffer with the consequences for many months after the trip has ended.

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Les diverses souches d'influenza A produisent les mêmes types de symptômes. Parmi ceux-ci, on retrouve:

  • des courbatures;
  • des frissons;
  • une toux;
  • de la fatigue;
  • une fièvre;
  • des maux de tête;
  • une perte d'appétit;
  • un mal de gorge.

Certaines personnes infectées par le virus de la grippe H1N1 ont également signalé des vomissements et de la diarrhée.

Les symptômes peuvent varier de légers à graves et peuvent parfois nécessiter une hospitalisation. Dans certains cas, des complications graves comme la pneumonie et l'insuffisance respiratoire peuvent causer le décès. Tout comme la grippe saisonnière, la grippe H1N1 peut aggraver des problèmes de santé chronique existants.

Des tests diagnostiques en laboratoire peuvent être demandés par le médecin pour aider à identifier le virus de la grippe. Si vous avez séjourné dans une région où il y a une éclosion de cas de grippe H1N1 et que vous éprouvez l'un des symptômes de la grippe, vous devriez consulter votre médecin. Mentionnez sans faute à votre médecin la région visitée. Téléphonez à l'avance avant de vous rendre chez votre médecin pour préparer votre visite.

La souche H1N1 est comprise dans le vaccin antigrippal saisonnier. Des médicaments sont également disponibles pour aider à prévenir et à soigner la grippe H1N1. Ce sont les médicaments dénommés antiviraux. Deux classes d'antiviraux sont disponibles: les inhibiteurs de la protéine M2 (par ex. l'amantadine*) et les inhibiteurs de la neuraminidase (par ex. l'oseltamivir, le zanamivir).

La majorité des cas signalés antérieurement de personnes ayant contracté la grippe H1N1 ont pu se remettre complètement sans recourir à des soins médicaux ni à des médicaments antiviraux. Cependant, l'incidence des éclosions nous renseignent que le traitement à l'aide d'antiviraux pourrait être nécessaire, surtout pour les personnes qui présentent des symptômes modérés ou graves et celles qui risquent de subir des complications de la grippe (par ex. les personnes qui ont des troubles médicaux sous-jacents).

Pour les personnes atteintes, améliorez votre état et prévenez la propagation du virus en prenant les précautions suivantes:

  • demeurez à la maison si vous avez contracté le virus. Ne vous rendez pas au travail ni à l'école;
  • gardez au moins 1 mètre de distance entre les autres personnes;
  • reposez-vous et buvez beaucoup de liquide;
  • couvrez-vous la bouche et le nez avec un papier-mouchoir lorsque vous toussez ou éternuez. Jetez-le ensuite à la poubelle. Si vous n'avez pas de papier-mouchoir à votre portée, couvrez-vous le nez et la bouche avec votre manche ou vos mains. Lavez soigneusement vos mains par la suite;
  • lavez-vous les mains régulièrement avec du savon et de l'eau. Prenez soin de laver vos mains avec du savon pendant au moins 15 secondes. Utilisez un désinfectant pour les mains à base d'alcool si vous n'avez pas accès au savon ni à l'eau.

Il existe des façons de vous protéger contre le virus de la grippe H1N1. Recevoir le vaccin contre l'influenza juste avant la saison annuelle de la grippe (en général de novembre à avril en Amérique du Nord) représente de beaucoup la mesure de prévention la plus efficace. Les personnes qui séjournent dans des régions où il y a une éclosion du virus doivent prendre des précautions particulières pour réduire leur risque d'exposition au virus de la grippe H1N1. Voici quelques conseils pour prévenir la grippe:

  • évitez le contact étroit avec des personnes infectées et qui présentent des symptômes de grippe H1N1 (par ex. de la fièvre, une toux);
  • lavez-vous fréquemment et soigneusement les mains avec du savon et de l'eau. Pour pratiquer un bon nettoyage, vous devez vous laver les mains avec du savon et frotter pendant au moins 15 secondes. Utilisez un désinfectant à base d'alcool si vous ne pouvez pas vous laver les mains.

*Tous les médicaments ont à la fois une dénomination commune (un nom générique) et un nom de marque ou marque. La marque est l'appellation qu'un fabricant choisit pour son produit (par ex. Tylenol®). Le nom générique est le nom du médicament en médecine (par ex. l'acétaminophène). Un médicament peut porter plusieurs noms de marque, mais il ne possède qu'un seul nom générique. Cet article répertorie les médicaments par leur nom générique. Pour obtenir des renseignements sur un médicament donné, consultez notre base de données sur les médicaments. Pour de plus amples renseignements sur les noms de marque, consultez votre médecin ou un pharmacien.

One cause of IBS: SIBO (Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth)

You may be happy to hear that there are a small group of medical doctors out there who don’t brush off IBS as a psychological condition.

In fact, they believe they’ve found the cause of IBS and the cure. Their theory is that IBS is caused by an overgrowth of bad bacteria in the small intestine. This condition is known as SIBO or small intestinal bacterial overgrowth.

The doctor leading the SIBO theory is Dr. Mark Pimentel. He wrote this book about it.

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If you are at high risk, have your vaccinations updated every year, as directed by your physician.

La grippe est une infection des voies respiratoires qui se transmet très facilement. Elle est causée par le virus de l’influenza.

Ce virus circule chaque année au Québec et ailleurs dans le monde. Au Québec, il circule surtout pendant la période allant de la fin de l’automne au début du printemps.

La durée de la saison de la grippe peut varier. Ainsi, elle peut commencer plus ou moins tôt et durer plus ou moins longtemps selon les années.

Les symptômes de la grippe, qui débutent soudainement, et leur gravité peuvent varier en fonction de l’âge et de l’état de santé. Les principaux symptômes sont les suivants:

  • fièvre soudaine, entre 39 °C et 40 °C (102 °F et 104 °F);
  • toux soudaine;
  • mal de gorge;
  • douleurs musculaires ou articulaires;
  • fatigue extrême;
  • maux de tête.

Des symptômes comme des nausées, des vomissements, de la diarrhée et des douleurs au ventre peuvent aussi être présents. Ces symptômes sont plus fréquents chez les enfants.

Les personnes âgées peuvent se sentir faibles et être parfois confuses sans présenter d’autres symptômes.

La grippe est souvent confondue avec d’autres infections respiratoires comme le rhume. Pour en savoir plus, consultez la page Différences entre la grippe et le rhume.

Généralement, la grippe se soigne à la maison. Dans certaines situations, cependant, il faut consulter un médecin.

Vous devez consulter un médecin le jour même si vous avez des symptômes de la grippe et que vous présentez aussi l’un des symptômes suivants:

  • douleur qui augmente ou qui persiste lors de la respiration;
  • fièvre qui augmente ou qui persiste depuis plus de 5 jours.

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What can you do if you have PD?

  • Work with your doctor to create a plan to stay healthy. This might include the following:
    • A referral to a neurologist, a doctor who specializes in the brain
    • Care from an occupational therapist, physical therapist or speech therapist
    • Meeting with a medical social worker to talk about how Parkinson's will affect your life
  • Start a regular exercise program to delay further symptoms.
  • Talk with family and friends who can provide you with the support you need.

For more information, visit our Treatment page.

Watch and share this public service announcement featuring U.S. Senator Cory Booker that discusses the early warning signs of Parkinson's disease.

Page reviewed by Dr. Chauncey Spears, Movement Disorders Fellow at the University of Florida, a Parkinson’s Foundation Center of Excellence.

Melissa Kaplan's
Lyme Disease
Part of the Anapsid.org Chronic Neuroimmune Diseases Information Resources for CFS, FM, MCS, Lyme Disease, Thyroid, and more.
Last updated January 1, 2014

Short Symptom List: Lyme Disease & Common Co-Infections

Borrelia, Babesia, Bartonella, and Ehrlichia

The following symptoms were excerpted from Diagnostic Hints And Treatment Guidelines For Lyme And Other Tick Borne Illnesses, by Joseph J. Burrascano Jr., M.D. (Fifteenth Edition 2008).

(Borreliosis, neuroborreliosis; also known as Lyme Disease)
Spread primarily though the bite of infected ticks that live on a wide range of mammalian species; secondary human-to-human transmission through semen, breast milk, and possibly in utero

Bladder dysfunction
Burning or stabbing sensations
Cardiac impairment
Change in bowel function
Chest pain
Difficulty thinking
Difficulty with concentration and reading
Difficulty with speech, writing
Difficulty finding words; name blocking
Disorientation: getting lost, going to wrong places
Disturbed sleep: too much, too little, fractionated, early awakening
Ears/Hearing: buzzing, ringing, ear pain, sound sensitivity
Exaggerated symptoms or worse hangover from alcohol
Eyes/Vision: double, blurry, increased floaters, light sensitivity
Facial paralysis (Bell's palsy)
Fatigue, tiredness, poor stamina
Heart block
Heart murmur
Heart palpitations
Heart valve prolapse
Increased motion sickness
Irritable bladder
Joint pain or swelling
Mood swings
Muscle pain or cramps
Neck creaks & cracks
Neck stiffness, pain
Pelvic pain
Poor attention
Poor balance
Poor short-term memory
Problem absorbing new information
Pulse skips
Rib soreness
Sexual dysfunction or loss of libido
Shooting pains
Shortness of breath; cough
Skin hypersensitivity
Sore throat
Stiffness of the joints or back
Swollen glands
Testicular pain
Twitching of the face or other muscles
Unavoidable need to sit or lay down
Unexplained breast pain
Unexplained fevers, sweats, chills or flushing
Unexplained hair loss
Unexplained menstrual irregularity'
Unexplained milk production
Unexplained weight loss or gain
Upset Stomach or abdominal pain

Babesia is a protozoan spread by ticks, blood transfusion, and in utero. Despite there being 20+known forms to date, current testing only looks for two of them.

Air hunger
Imbalance without true vertigo
Mild encephalopathy
Shaking chills

(Bartonellosis, also known as cat scratch fever)
Spread by bites from infected ticks and in utero

abnormal liver enzymes
flu-like malaise
hemolysis with anemia
high fever
immune deficiency
papular or angiomatous rash
sore throat
weakened immune response

Bites from infected ticks

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Synonyme: "echte" Grippe, Virusgrippe
Englisch: influenza, flu

Influenza ist eine durch das Influenzavirus verursachte Erkrankung der Atemwege. Hierdurch wird die Schleimhaut (Mucosa) der Atemwege angegriffen und das Eindringen anderer pathogener/toxischer Erreger erleichtert. Das Influenzavirus ist sehr ansteckend.

Die Infektion erfolgt meist durch das Einatmen (Inhalation) von infizierten Partikeln (Tröpfcheninfektion bei Husten und Niesen). Es sind aber auch Schmier- und Kontaktinfektionen möglich.

Die Viren binden an Rezeptoren von Zellen im Atemtrakt, dringen in diese ein, vermehren sich dort und führen schließlich zu einer Zerstörung der betroffenen Zellen. Hierbei werden viele neue Viren freigesetzt. Es kommt zu einer ausgeprägten Entzündungsreaktion. Die Inkubationszeit beträgt 1-4 Tage.

Eine niedrige Luftfeuchtigkeit und Kälte begünstigen die Übertragung der Viren. Deshalb kommt es zu einer Häufung von Infektionen während der Herbst- und Wintermonate. Als mögliche Ursachen dafür werden diskutiert:

  • Austrockung der Schleimhäute
  • Verdickung des Nasenschleims durch Kälteexposition
  • Schnellere Zersetzung der Viren bei hoher Luftfeuchtigkeit

Influenzaviren sind allgemein behüllte Einzelstrang-RNA-Viren. Je nach auslösendem Virustyp unterscheidet man:

  • Influenza A: Es gibt 16 H-Subtypen (H1-H16) und 9 N-Subtypen (N1-N9). Die Buchstaben H und N stehen dabei für die Pathogenitätsfaktoren Hämagglutinin und Neuraminidase. Durch die jährliche Veränderung der H- und N-Antigene kommt es zu einer fehlenden Wirksamkeit von bestehenden Antikörpern und damit zu jährlichen Grippeepidemien. Beispiele für Influenza A sind:
    • Influenza-A-(H1N1)
    • Influenza-A-(H5N1)
    • Influenza-A-(H7N9)
  • Influenza B
  • Influenza C

Typisch ist ein plötzlicher und heftiger Ausbruch der Krankheit. Die Symptome gleichen zum Teil denen einer starken Erkältung (die im Volksmund auch oft fälschlicherweise als Grippe bezeichnet wird), meist sind sie jedoch stärker ausgeprägt:

Mehrtägiges Fieber von 39 bis 40 Grad ist möglich. Komplikationen können Kreislaufschwäche, Entzündung des Nervensystems und der Lunge sein.

In der nördlichen Hemisphäre tritt Influenza bevorzugt in den Wintermonaten, also saisonal, auf ("Grippesaison"). Die genaue Inzidenz ist bei Grippe nur schwer abschätzbar, da inapparente und leichtere Krankheitsverläufe die Abgrenzung erkrankter Personen erschweren. Vom CDC (Center for Disease Control) wird geschätzt, dass ca. 15% der Bevölkerung betroffen ist (oft aber ohne Symptome). Die stationäre Inzidenz liegt etwa bei ca. 60 Personen auf 100.000 Fälle.

Die Mortalität der Influenza ist abhängig vom zirkulierenden Subtyp. Sie schwankte nach Schätzungen des RKI im Zeitraum von 1985-2006 zwischen 0,1 und 38 Todesfällen pro 100.000 Einwohner.

  • Spanische Grippe: Durch eine spezielle Variante des H1N1-Erregers ausgelöste Influenza, die weltweit etwa 20-40 Millionen Opfer forderte (1918).
  • Vogelgrippe: Seit schätzungsweise knapp 10 Jahren ist in Asien die Vogelgrippe verbreitet. Hierbei traten Influenza-A-Viren des Subtyps H5N1 von Hühnern auf Menschen über. Durch Schlachtung Tausender Tiere ist ein Ausbruch einer Pandemie verhindert worden. Nichtsdestotrotz herrscht in Expertenkreisen nach wie vor die große Angst vor, dass der H5N1-Virus mutiert, von Mensch zu Mensch übertragbar und damit hoch gefährlich wird. Eine neue Pandemie wie die Spanische Grippe, so fürchtet man, könnte ebenfalls Millionen von Menschenleben fordern.

Der direkte Nachweis von Virus-Antigenen kann mittels Immunfluoreszenz, ELISA oder PCR erfolgen. Als Probenmaterial wird Nasenspülwasser, Rachenspülwasser oder durch eine bronchoalveoläre Lavage (BAL) gewonnenes Bronchialsekret verwendet.

Der indirekte Nachweis einer Infektion wird durch Bestimmung der Influenza-Antikörper (IgA, IgG, IgM) im Serum mittels ELISA erbracht.

Wie bei anderen Influenzaformen bietet die Impfung nur einen relativen Schutz. Das Problem dabei ist, dass sich Grippe-Viren ständig verändern und deswegen Impfungen jedes Jahr aufgefrischt werden müssen. Schutzimpfungen sind für ältere Menschen und besonders gefährdete Personen empfohlen (Patienten mit chronischen Lungen-, Herz-, Leber-, Nierenerkrankungen, medizinisches Personal).

Eine effektive, aber häufig unterschätzte Maßnahme ist das gründliche Händewaschen, da die Erreger durch Seifen abgetötet werden. Es minimiert vor allem das Risiko einer Schmierinfektion.

Das Tragen von Gesichtsmasken ist nur sinnvoll, wenn es sich um Masken handelt, die den ungefilterten Lufteinstrom ausreichend vermindern, wie z.B. FFP3-Masken. Einfache Gesichtsmasken (Mundschutz) sind als Schutzmaßnahme unwirksam, da sie den Atemstrom nicht filtrieren, weil Luft frei an den Seiten ein- und austreten kann.

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Zur Verhinderung oder Therapie von Sekundärinfektionen kann der Einsatz von Antibiotika sinnvoll sein. Bei sehr hohem Fieber ist zudem die Gabe von Antipyretika (z.B. Paracetamol) zu erwägen.

Die Wirkung einer vorbeugenden oder therapeutischen Gabe von Vitamin C ist umstritten.

Der Krankheitsverlauf ist sehr unterschiedlich, meist relativ harmlos ohne Folgen, z.T. aber auch lebensgefährlich (v.a. bei Kindern und älteren immungeschwächten Personen).

Die akute Erkrankung klingt in der Regel etwa nach 5 bis 7 Tagen ab. Einzelne Symptome (z.B. Husten, Abgeschlagenheit) können jedoch noch über einen längeren Zeitraum weiter bestehen. Je nach Schwere der durchgemachten Erkrankung ist eine Rekonvaleszenz über Tage, aber auch über Wochen möglich.

Eine mögliche Komplikation der Influenza, der bei bestimmten Virusstämmen auftritt, ist der so genannte Zytokinsturm. Dabei versagt die adaptive Immunantwort und es kommt zu einer Überreaktion des Immunsystems im Sinne einer sich selbst verstärkenden Kaskadenreaktion. Die dazu fähigen Zellen des Immunsystems (T-Zellen, Makrophagen) schütten große Mengen an Zytokinen aus, die eine massive Entzündungsreaktion hervorrufen. Sie tritt klinisch als schwere, perakute Influenzapneumonie mit Dyspnoe, Lungenblutungen und möglichem Organversagen in Erscheinung.

Bestimmte Erregervarianten des Influenzavirus begünstigen die Entstehung eines Zytokinsturms. Sie bilden Proteine, auf die das Immunsystem offensichtlich besonders empfindlich reagiert. Häufig unterscheiden sie sich nur in einigen wenigen Genabschnitten von weniger pathogenen Stämmen.

Egg allergy is common in babies and toddlers - occurring in 1 -2 % of pre-school children.

This page answers the following questions:

What are the symptoms of egg allergy in infants and toddlers?

The symptoms include:

  • skin reactions with urticaria (also known as hives) - this is the most common reaction. Read more
  • tummy upset and vomiting - even if the egg makes contact with the skin and is not ingested
  • anaphylaxis which is a serious allergic reaction with breathing difficulty and shock - this is much less common than with other foods such as peanut, other nuts and milk. Read more

The allergic reactions may be:

  • immediate - which occur within a few minutes to an hour of ingesting the egg. These are IgE mediated reactions, so caused by a particular antibody (called IgE) in the body. Read more
  • delayed - which may occur up to 24 hours after ingesting the egg. These are usually non-IgE mediated reactions, so they are caused by an immune response but it doesn't involve IgE

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    La meilleure façon de se protéger des complications de la grippe est de se faire vacciner.

    Où vous faire vacciner
    Pour connaître toutes les informations sur la campagne de vaccination contre la grippe pour chacune des régions du Québec, consultez la section Où vous faire vacciner.

    Certaines mesures de protection et d’hygiène peuvent aussi aider à prévenir la transmission de la grippe.

    • Lavez-vous souvent les mains.
    • Nettoyez votre environnement immédiat, par exemple la surface des meubles et les comptoirs.
    • Suivez les conseils pour prévenir la transmission des virus et des bactéries.
    • Restez à la maison dès que vous présentez des symptômes de la grippe.
      À moins d’avis contraire du médecin, la maison est le meilleur endroit pour se soigner. En restant à la maison, vous limitez les contacts avec d’autres personnes ou avec d’autres infections qui peuvent causer des complications. Vous limitez aussi la transmission du virus.
    • Suivez les conseils pour tousser ou éternuer sans contaminer.

    Dernière mise à jour: 09 février 2018, 16:32

    L'information contenue sur le site ne remplace en aucun cas l'avis d'un professionnel de la santé. Si vous avez des questions concernant votre état de santé, appelez Info-Santé 811 ou consultez un professionnel de la santé.

    Wandlungsfähiger Erreger: Das Influenza-Virus

    An Grippe erkrankte Personen sind ab den ersten Symptomen circa eine Woche lang ansteckend. Bereits einen Tag nach der Infektion können Krankheitszeichen auftreten. Ohne Komplikationen ist die Grippe üblicherweise nach einigen Tagen bis einer Woche überstanden. Es gibt Medikamente, die helfen, die Vermehrung der Viren im Körper einzudämmen. Zum Einsatz kommen sie vor allem bei Patienten mit Vorerkrankungen. Sie sollten innerhalb von 48 Stunden nach dem Auftreten erster Symptome angewandt werden. Für Menschen ab 60 und andere Risikopersonen wird in Deutschland eine jährliche Impfung gegen Grippe empfohlen.

    Als "Influenza" oder "echte Grippe" bezeichnet man eine Erkrankung durch das Influenza-Virus. Es gibt verschiedene Typen von Influenza-Viren (A, B, C). Am häufigsten und am gefährlichsten ist das Influenza-Virus Typ A. Es ist auf der ganzen Welt verbreitet und verändert sich ständig, was es schwierig macht, einer Infektion vorzubeugen.

    Wichtig ist es, die echte Grippe vom grippalen Infekt zu unterscheiden. Bei einem "grippalen Infekt" handelt es sich normalerweise nicht um eine Infektion mit dem Influenza-Virus, sondern um eine Erkältung. Die Magen-Darm-Grippe hat ebenfalls nichts mit der Influenza zu tun. Dieser Begriff wird für Magen-Darm-Infektionen durch unterschiedliche Erreger verwendet, die zum Beispiel zu Durchfall und Erbrechen führen.

    nach oben Wie infiziert man sich und wie lange ist man ansteckend?

    Die Grippeviren sind nur wenige Tausendstel Millimeter groß. Sie befallen Schleimhautzellen, zum Beispiel in der Nase, und vermehren sich dort. Menschen stecken sich mit Grippe meist durch Tröpfcheninfektion an. Das kann beispielsweise geschehen, wenn eine erkrankte Person niest und andere die Tröpfchen einatmen. Influenza-Viren können bis zu mehrere Stunden außerhalb des Körpers überleben, bei niedrigen Temperaturen sogar noch länger. Kommen die Hände in Kontakt mit Gegenständen, auf denen sich virushaltige Sekrete befinden (zum Beispiel Türklinken) und fasst man sich anschließend damit an die Nase oder andere Schleimhäute, ist eine Infektion ebenfalls möglich.

    Erkrankte sind ab dem Auftreten der ersten Symptome für ungefähr fünf bis sieben Tage ansteckend. Manchmal sind Betroffene sogar schon vor dem Auftreten der ersten Krankheitszeichen oder länger als eine Woche infektös.

    Es gibt eine Reihe von Faktoren, die eine Erkrankung an Grippe und vor allem Komplikationen begünstigen. So zum Beispiel:

    • Schwangerschaft
    • Diabetes und andere Stoffwechselkrankheiten
    • Tumorerkrankungen
    • Alter von über 65 Jahren, hier reagiert das Immunsystem nicht mehr so gut auf neue Erreger
    • Alter von weniger als einem Jahr, hier ist das Immunsystem noch unreif und reagiert nicht so effektiv
    • Chronische Lungenerkrankungen wie Asthma, Lungenemphysem, chronische Bronchitis, Mukoviszidose
    • Chronische Herzkrankheiten
    • HIV-Erkrankung
    • Unterdrückung des Immunsystems im Zuge einer medizinischen Behandlung
    • Unterernährung

    Eine Grippe sollte man ernst nehmen

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    Help get the message out

    I have expanded the section on aspartame withdrawal here, mainly because of your feedback (see the responses below). Many people have told me that even after realizing just how bad aspartame is, they just cannot stop using it. When they try to stop, they get that “need to have it” feeling. They also experience classic withdrawal symptoms such as headache, anger, or anxiety until they get the next hit.

    Excitotoxins and your brain

    All the reasons that cause this addiction seem to be unclear. We know that aspartame breaks down to a highly absorbable form of methanol in the liver, which impairs dopamine receptors witch decreases serotonin. This causes an addiction similar to alcoholism which also leads to depression and mood disorders. Some drinks such as Diet Coke or Diet Pepsi contain caffeine as well, and seem even harder to quit (Diet Coke seems to be the clear “addiction” winner).

    Aspartame (like MSG) is an excitotoxin. An excitotoxin has effects similar to the way the word sounds. It is a toxin that excites brain cells to a much higher level. During this time you will heightened clarity and sharper cognition. After this brief “rush” it actually kills the cells. This is believed to be the cause of many brain disorders from cancer and stroke, to multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s diseases.

    Check out this reader response I have dubbed: Aspartame Poisoning. Read for yourself the unbelievable damage she claims is caused by years of high consumption of Diet Coke and Diet Dr Pepper. There are also many more responses below. This is a much more serious problem than most of us think.

    Please let me know if YOU are addicted to aspartame or have aspartame withdrawal. Please also list your symptoms. I would like to help others break the habit.
    Please, please, please, help me, help others on this!

    Note : Due to popular demand (and my love for the products), I have added the Internal Cleansing products below. This are THE BEST ones I could find. Feel free to contact me if you have questions or comments on them.

    Stevia: There is some controversy over using Stevia. I am a BIG FAN (see Omica Organics to the right of this page). That said, I mix my Stevia with 1/2 Raw Honey or Grade B Maple Syrup. It just “feels right”. Try it, and let me know what you think. Remember, TRUVIA IS NOT STEVIA! It is made by Coka-cola and Cargil (yes, poisoned again).

    You must log in to post a comment.

    Hi I decided to give up coke zero last week as I was spending so much money on it. I would usually drink about 2-3 litres a day and on the weekends too many to count. I’m 41 and have been a Diet/coke zero drinker for about 20 years. Well it is day 8 and I feel great. On the second day of detox I had such a bad headache that I couldn’t go to work and had this ringing in my ears. I have also noticed that I am not eating anything sweet like chocolate or cake and can’t believe that I am writing this, but I don’t want any! People have noticed that I have lost weight (around the tummy). For people that are finding it hard, keep going you will find it easier and you will feel better. So glad i found this site.

    Well done you. Thinking about it, I’d have chocolate every day. Never really had a sweet tooth but don’t even want chocolate now. Keep at it xxxx

    35 yr old female. Consumed 5 to 6 packets of crystal light a day for approximately the last 10 years of my life (major addiction). I don’t like water, so I flavored all my water. I decided to get healthy. I cut sugar, processed foods of all kinds, caffeine, milk, bread (anything that could be converted to sugar), HOWEVER…I did not cut my artificially sweetened drink packets. They are zero calories, zero sugar, zero carbs…so what’s the big deal? I held onto that one addiction. The one thing I didn’t wanna deprive myself of.

    So I started reading articles about how “artificial sweeteners make you fat”. How could this be? Long story short, I called a nutrition expert and had the whole thing explained to me. So I cut my drink packets cold turkey. I can tell you this! Of all the withdrawal symptoms I’ve gone through on this journey (be it sugar, caffeine, whatever. ) Aspartame takes the cake. Immediately within hours of not getting up and drinking my morning dose, the headache set it. By about 3pm I was experiencing the WORST headache I’ve ever had in my life. Felt as if my brain was swelling and pressing against every part of my skull. My muscles went tight. My knees went stiff and joints ached that haven’t ever ached. I was sweating on and off throughout the day. Literally bed ridden and useless. Felt almost like a bad flu. I slept all day trying to sleep off the headache. Day 2, tried to play in a softball game, felt extremely weak, sweaty, jittery, foggy, elbows and knees hurt…head still hurting. No appetite, angry and moody as hell. I shouldn’t have ever gone.

    So today is my day 3 without aspartame. MY HEAD STILL HURTS! My brain feels like a bruise. I know I’m only one diet drink away from feeling better, but I’m not gonna do it. F you aspartame!

    I add Truly Natural Vitamin C from Healthforce to my water now. Every bit as good as Crystal Light IMO and super great for you. Hope that helps,

    Hi Leslie, Hope you can hang in. It. Ignatian take 4 to 6 weeks, but know that your body has done all it,can do and is mending. It just hurts to get better.

    Well done Lesley. The headaches will get better. I’m so conscious of buying bottled drinks without inspecting the additives now but that’s also become second nature. Weirdest thing is going into a pub and not asking for Bacardi and diet coke. For years I gave my kids diet coke as it was ‘better’ than fat coke cos it had no calories. I used to moan like mad if they drank fat coke. Now I’m asking for it too. Good luck with your ongoing battle 🙂 Love and hugs xx

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    • Be aware, one of the main ways of transmission of this virus is the air.
    • When in a closed space with someone with a cold, cover your face.
    • When someone sneezes or coughs, the germs travel and lands on surfaces.
    • Wash your hands after you touch doorknobs, keyboards, remote control, ATM machine.
    • Be aware of hand to face contamination.
    • Avoid people who appear to be sick.
    • Eat a healthy diet.
    • Eat foods that strengthen the immune system.

    One of the best common cold and flu treatments and prevention is, avoiding someone who is sick and washing your hand frequently. Thankfully today there are many hand sanitizer on the market. Make sure you always have a bottle of sanitizer with you, if you can’t wash your hands immediately. Also, when at home periodically disinfect surfaces and doorknobs regularly. Antibacterial soap containing triclosan is also very helpful.

    Pregnancy symptoms differ from woman to woman and pregnancy to pregnancy; however, one of the most significant pregnancy symptoms is a delayed or missed period.

    Understanding the signs of pregnancy is important because each symptom may have causes other than pregnancy. You may experience pregnancy signs within a week of conception.

    Some women report that they did not experience any symptom for a few weeks. If you need free testing, you can search below or order affordable early detection pregnancy tests online.

    If you would like to speak to someone about your symptoms or the possibility of being pregnant, you may call the APA toll-free helpline at 1-800-672-2296, or search locally by your zip code below.

    What are the most common first signs of pregnancy? In a poll conducted by the American Pregnancy Association, the most commonly reported first symptoms of pregnancy included:

    • 29% of women surveyed reported a missed period as their first pregnancy symptom
    • 25% indicated that nausea was the first sign of pregnancy
    • 17% reported that a change in their breasts was the initial symptom of pregnancy

    While implantation bleeding is often considered the first pregnancy symptom, the survey conducted by the American Pregnancy Association revealed that only 3% of women identified implantation bleeding as their first sign of pregnancy.

    Each of your symptoms of pregnancy below could be explained by other causes. What else could they be?

    Spotting or light bleeding: If pregnant, this symptom is usually associated with implantation bleeding and is considered one of the earliest signs of pregnancy. The embryo usually implants to the uterine between 6 to 12 days after conception. Some women will experience spotting as well as cramping. Other women do not even notice implantation bleeding or cramping, so don’t worry if you are trying to get pregnant and don’t experience these symptoms; you could still be pregnant.

    When this implantation occurs, light bleeding or spotting is perfectly normal. This symptom is sometimes accompanied by light cramping. Many women will conceive and not notice any implantation bleeding, so do not worry if you are trying to get pregnant and do not see this symptom, you could still be pregnant.

    Missed period: A delayed or missed period is the most common pregnancy symptom leading a woman to test for pregnancy. When you become pregnant, your next period should be missed.

    Is it possible to be pregnant and still have a period? Some women can bleed while they are pregnant, but typically this bleeding will be shorter or lighter than a normal period. A missed period can be a symptom of pregnancy caused by something else.

    Nausea or morning sickness: Nausea or morning sickness is the second most commonly reported first sign of pregnancy. Experienced to some degree by most expecting women, nausea typically shows up between 2 to 8 weeks after conception.

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    The most recent data for the mortality (death rates) from influenza rate (death rate) for the United States in 2016 indicates that mortality from influenza varies from year to year. Death rates estimated by the CDC range from about 12,000 during 2011-2012 to 56,000 during 2012-2013.

    Haemophilus influenzae is a bacterium that was incorrectly considered to cause the flu until the virus was demonstrated to be the correct cause in 1933. This bacterium can cause lung infections in infants and children, and it occasionally causes ear, eye, sinus, joint, and a few other infections, but it does not cause the flu.

    Another confusing term is stomach flu. This term refers to a gastrointestinal tract infection, not a respiratory infection like influenza (flu); stomach flu (gastroenteritis) is not caused by influenza viruses.

    Although initially symptoms of influenza may mimic those of a cold, influenza is more debilitating with symptoms of fatigue, fever, and respiratory congestion. Colds can be caused by over 100 different virus types, but only influenza viruses (and subtypes) A, B, and C cause the flu. In addition, colds do not lead to life-threatening illnesses like pneumonia, but severe infections with influenza viruses can lead to pneumonia or even death.

    Flu Slideshow: 10 Foods to Eat When You Have the Flu

    Natural Cold & Flu Remedies Slideshow

    Finding Relief for Your Cough Slideshow

    Compared with most other viral respiratory infections, such as the common cold, influenza (flu) infection usually causes a more severe illness with a mortality rate (death rate) of about 0.1% of people who are infected with the virus. Cold symptoms (for example, sore throat, runny nose, cough (with possible phlegm production), congestion, and slight fever) are similar to flu symptoms, but the flu symptoms are more severe, last longer, and may include vomiting, diarrhea, and cough that is often a dry cough.

    The following table is provided by the CDC to help distinguish between a cold and influenza:

    Although some of the symptoms of influenza may mimic those of food poisoning, others do not. Most symptoms of food poisoning include nausea, vomiting, watery diarrhea, abdominal pain, cramps, and fever. Note that the majority of food poisoning symptoms are related to the gastrointestinal tract, except for fever. The common flu signs and symptoms include fever but also include symptoms that are not typical for food poisoning, because the flu is a respiratory disease. Consequently, respiratory symptoms of nasal congestion, dry cough, and some breathing problems help distinguish the flu from food poisoning.

    Influenza viruses cause the flu and are divided into three types, designated A, B, and C. Influenza A and influenza B are responsible for epidemics of respiratory illness that occur almost every winter and are often associated with increased rates of hospitalization and death. Influenza type C differs from types A and B in some important ways. Type C infection usually causes either a very mild respiratory illness or no symptoms at all; it does not cause epidemics and does not have the severe public-health impact of influenza types A and B. Efforts to control the impact of influenza are aimed at types A and B, and the remainder of this discussion will be devoted only to these two types.

    Influenza viruses continually change over time, usually by mutation (change in the viral RNA). This constant changing often enables the virus to evade the immune system of the host (humans, birds, and other animals) so that the host is susceptible to changing influenza virus infections throughout life. This process works as follows: A host infected with influenza virus develops antibodies against that virus; as the virus changes, the "first" antibody no longer recognizes the "newer" virus and infection can occur because the host does not recognize the new flu virus as a problem until the infection is well under way. The first antibody developed may, in some instances, provide partial protection against infection with a new influenza virus. In 2009, almost all individuals had no antibodies that could recognize the novel H1N1 virus immediately.

    Type A viruses are divided into subtypes or strains based on differences in two viral surface proteins called the hemagglutinin (H) and the neuraminidase (N). There are at least 16 known H subtypes and nine known N subtypes. These surface proteins can occur in many combinations. When spread by droplets or direct contact, the virus, if not killed by the host's immune system, replicates in the respiratory tract and damages host cells. In people who are immune compromised (for example, pregnant women, infants, cancer patients, asthma patients, people with pulmonary disease, and many others), the virus can cause viral pneumonia or stress the individual's system to make them more susceptible to bacterial infections, especially bacterial pneumonia. Both pneumonia types, viral and bacterial, can cause severe disease and sometimes death.