• Urinating often
  • Feeling very thirsty
  • Feeling very hungry - even though you are eating
  • Extreme fatigue
  • Blurry vision
  • Cuts/bruises that are slow to heal
  • Weight loss - even though you are eating more (type 1)
  • Tingling, pain, or numbness in the hands/feet (type 2)

Early detection and treatment of diabetes can decrease the risk of developing the complications of diabetes.

Learn about how your doctor can make a diabetes diagnosis or take our Risk Test to find out if you are at increased risk for having type 2 diabetes.

Women with gestational diabetes often have no symptoms, which is why it's important for at-risk women to be tested at the proper time during pregnancy.

Have you already been diagnosed with diabetes but are concerned about symptoms that may be the result of complications related to diabetes?

Do you have questions or concerns about diabetes symptoms? Want to connect with others? Visit the American Diabetes Association Community to find support now!

If you've recently been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, enroll in the FREE Living With Type 2 Diabetes program to get more information and support.

Making an early diagnosis is important to treatment and outcome. There are currently no screening tests for lymphomas and it is usually not evident in the blood.

Statistics provided by: Lymphoma Coalition 2014 Global Patient Survey (3,500 Respondents)

  • Painless swelling in a lymph node
  • Chills/temperature swings
  • Recurrent fevers and excessive sweating at night
  • Unintentional weight loss
  • Loss of appetite
  • Persistent tiredness and lack of energy
  • Breathlessness and coughing
  • Persistent itch all over the body without an apparent cause or rash
  • General fatigue
  • Enlarged tonsils
  • Headache

The symptoms of lymphoma are commonly seen in other, less serious illnesses, such as influenza or other viral infection. These symptoms are often overlooked , but in cases of less serious illnesses they would not last very long. With lymphoma, these symptoms persist over time and cannot be explained by an infection or another disease.

The most common symptom is a painless swelling in a lymph node . The neck or armpits are common places noticed first, but the swelling can occur in other parts of the body including the groin (that may cause swelling in the legs or ankles) or the abdomen (that can cause cramping and bloating). Some patients with lymphoma notice no swelling at all while others may complain of night sweats, weight loss, chills, a lack of energy, or itching. There is usually no pain involved, especially when the lymphoma is in the early stage of development. Most people who have nonspecific complaints such as these will not have lymphoma. However, it is important that any person who has symptoms that persist see a doctor to confirm that no lymphoma or serious illness is present.

You may have found our site because you are concerned that you may have a parasitic infection. In this section, we will help you by telling you which parasite symptoms are most commonly associated with parasitic infections. Armed with a little knowledge, you will then be able to take the right actions to move you in a healthier, parasite-free direction.

The parasite symptoms that are associated with parasites and the infections they cause vary greatly and can indicate other causes. Some parasites can exist in the body for years and never produce a single symptom. Others will have symptoms so severe you would require immediate medical attention. It can be very hard to pinpoint an exact cause of some of the symptoms or even be misdiagnosed.

Chronic fatigue or extreme tiredness is a common symptom of a parasitic infection. The reason someone infected by a parasite may feel so tired is because the parasite living in the intestines will sap the nutrients out of the food he or she digests. The parasite will thrive, and its human host will be under nourished.

Iron deficiency, or anemia, is often caused by worm parasites in the intestines. This is a major contributor to feeling chronically fatigued. Some differences between chronic fatigue and just your run-of-the-mill tiredness are that chronic fatigue will not improve with rest, becomes worse with both mental and physical activity, and is associated with feeling weak and sore muscles.

Since many human parasites make their home in the digestive track, their hosts are likely to experience digestive related symptoms. Most of these are very unpleasant and can be embarrassing. They include belching, excessive flatulence or gas, vomiting, bloody stools, and diarrhea. Some may experience fecal incontinence or oily stools.

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    • Notes marked (A) are for Lactose Intolerance
    • Notes marked (B) are for Casein allergy

Video: Inflammatory Symptoms Caused By Food Intolerance

Dairy intolerance is increasing due to very effective marketing of milk products - and the mass production of foods containing low-cost dairy derivatives.

A. Lactose Intolerance: Recent evidence indicates that up to 75% of the world’s population is Lactose Intolerant to some extent*. That is, three quarters (¾) of all people have difficulty digesting lactose. Depending on cultural background it can be higher or lower (90% of African Americans are Lactose Intolerant - and around 25% of Northern Europeans.)

B. Casein Allergy: Many people are also allergic to Casein (the protein found in milk). One study gives prevalence as 2 - 3% of the general population. Casein allergy is usually detected in babies by projectile vomiting, colic or other troublesome conditions. "Colicky" babies are often regarded as a nuisance and some doctors even think colic is 'normal'. But a screaming baby suffering colic frequently indicates nothing more than allergy to cow's milk. Casein allergy leads to chronic disease - especially later in life from autoimmune diseases.

Comments: Dairy intolerance is responsible for symptoms like Stomach Bloating, and Flatulence, and Diarrhea and Irritable Bowel Syndrome in millions of people and appears more frequently now that thousands of processed foods contain dairy derivatives. Heavily subsidised dairy farming now produces millions of tons of milk derivatives (like milk solids, whey protein isolate, skim milk powder and lactose) - delivering cheap ingredients for making processed foods.

Could you have Dairy Intolerance? To learn more – sign up for the free e-book‘How To Tell If You have Food Intolerance’

A. Symptoms of Lactose intolerance:

B. Symptoms of Casein allergy:

To learn more – sign up for the free e-book ‘How To Tell If You have Food Intolerance’

Comments: The symptoms of Dairy intolerance are just like symptoms of Fructose intolerance and Gluten intolerance, they all overlap. All food intolerance symptoms - if left untreated - become worse with age. so just because you have these symptoms - it does not mean you have Dairy intolerance. The way to find out which you have is via Journal Method - as used in the Healing Program.

A. Lactose Intolerance: Some people get clinical tests including the Hydrogen breath test and stool acidity tests. Unfortunately most clinical testing for food intolerance is not reliable. In fact breath tests are amongst the least trusted methods. Types of Testing

However the Journal Method easily identifies and Food Intolerance.

B. Casein allergy is often apparent with very young babies when they are first given cow's milk formula. But the intolerance can remain undiagnosed until adulthood. Symptoms including hives, eczema, projectile vomiting, asthma and diarrhea are common. Again - the Journal Method easily identifies casein allergy.

A. Lactose Intolerance: All food intolerance is genetic. You got it from your parents, grandparents and other ancestors - it’s in your genes. If your ancestry is Northern European (eg. Dutch or Scandinavian) the chance of Lactose Intolerance is only 25%. If not - then generally you have a 75% chance of being Lactose Intolerant*.

B. Casein Allergy: Milk protein allergy is also genetic.

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A few simple questions…..a lot above to sift through…..

I have tried to find confirmation that Medicare does require HCWs to get the flu shot..or wear a mask yes or no and where to find it. I am specifically referring to employees who work in a clinical outpatient setting..doctor’s offices where there is a lab and x-ray department, secretaries, nurses and administration …this refers to a provider based hospital clinic, if that makes a difference. Again, where does it say employers can make it mandatory or wear a mask for employment?

Secondly, why not require that all patients coming into the facility show proof of having had the flu shot…Rhetorical question of course…

I do agree somewhere in all this money is going from the pharmaceutical industry to the hands of the people making these decisions in Washington….

Is’nt it a HIPAA violation that I would have to get the flu shot and a sticker on my badge stating if I took the flu shot or not?
What about other vaccines or contagious illnesses.Are those health care workers going to have it stated on their badge what they are positive for?

I totally agree with David, people should not be forced to do anything and put anything into their body. It is a free country. And how about the people that had the flu vaccine and is getting the flu anyway, and walking around with it in the hospital.

Concerns raised
1. What about patients that don’t take the flu vaccine and are in our Hospital? Are we isolating them from the other patients…No.

2. What about visitors that come to our hospital we are not asking them for their vaccine status? Vendors?

3. What about Physicians that come to our hospital and meet face-to-face with their patients we are not asking them for their flu vaccine status

4. What about the side effects of mask-wearing to the healthcare worker for extended periods of time?

5. Isn’t the basis for the flu mandate for healthcare workers, found in Obamacare that states certain reimbursement will be made by percentage of healthcare workers that have the flu shot?. Once again the travesty called Obamacare has placed on healthcare workers demands that are ridiculous just as the premiums and you won’t lose your doctor was.

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Q: If I don’t travel to countries with Malaria outbreaks, then I should be okay, right?

A: Unfortunately, no. When there have been localized outbreaks in a particular area here in the United States, it is because of person-to-mosquito-to-person transmission: a mosquito here in the United States bites someone who acquired Malaria while traveling to an endemic area of the world. That mosquito, infected with the Malaria parasites, then goes after another blood meal and bites someone else nearby, thereby injecting that new person with the Malaria virus.

In very rare cases, blood transfusions have transmitted Malaria in the past, but the CDC has noted that these situations are preventable if the donor informs the blood collection agency of any travels to endemic areas of the world.

Q: Where are the areas of the world where Malaria is found?

A: Malaria can be found in Asia, Africa, Australia, Central and South America, the Middle East, parts of the Caribbean Islands, New Zealand, and in many islands of the central and southern Pacific Ocean.

Q: How many people in the world die from Malaria?

A: According to the CDC, out of the 350-500 million cases of Malaria that occur each year, more than a million people die. Most of the deaths occur in the very young in the sub-Sahara regions of Africa. These numbers may not tell the whole story, since many of those who contract the disease in certain areas, particularly in developing countries, do not seek or are unable to get proper medical attention.

A: Symptoms of Malaria are often similar to those of a severe case of the flu, including high fever, strong chills, head and body aches, and diarrhea and vomiting.

Other complications include jaundice, anemia, kidney failure, seizures and coma. Without proper medical attention, death may occur. It is a very serious illness in many regions of developing countries around the world.

Q: Are there any vaccines or medicines to fight Malaria?

A: Yes and no. There are no vaccines currently available, although creating such a vaccine is a top priority in health research. The parasite causing Malaria is constantly changing in its antigen composition, making it difficult for a vaccine to be created.

Now for the good news: there are two main types of medicines. When treated promptly with medication, it is possible to rid the body of the parasites that cause Malaria.

Q: If there are no vaccines against Malaria, how do I keep from getting it?

A: If you are planning to travel to countries where Malaria outbreaks occur, check with your physician or health professional about medications to take. This should be done about a month or so before the travel date.

Here in our country, the best method is prevention. By using common sense and technology, we can work toward preventing mosquitoes from biting our families, pets and guests. Mosquito traps can be a part of that prevention.

Answers to Frequently Asked Questions about West Nile Virus

Q: What is the West Nile Virus and what are the symptoms?

A: The West Nile Virus is a serious infection that, when contracted, the symptoms include the following: severe headache, high fever, stiff neck, muscle weakness, numbness, tremors, convulsions, disorientation, loss of vision, a dazed state, paralysis, and coma as well as meningitis or encephalitis.

Milder infections usually have symptoms similar to influenza, with headache and body aches, fever, nausea and vomiting, and swollen glands or a rash.

Q: How long will it take before a person who is bitten shows symptoms of West Nile Virus?

A: It usually takes anywhere from three days to two weeks before symptoms appear. This is known as the incubation period for humans.

Q: Is there a vaccine for the West Nile Virus?

A: No, not at this time, although there are laboratories working on creating a vaccine for this mosquito-borne disease.

Q: How far has West Nile Virus spread here in North America?

A: It is believed to have entered the U.S. in 1999 at New York City via an imported bird. Since then it has spread to all areas of the United States as well as into Mexico and Canada. Birds appear to be the main conveyor of the disease here.

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Die Zeit zwischen einer Infektion mit dem Influenzavirus und dem Ausbruch der Erkrankung beträgt normalerweise ein bis drei Tage. Danach kommt es schlagartig zu charakteristischen Grippesymptomen wie hohem Fieber (bis 41°C) mit trockenem Husten, Schnupfen, Kopf-, Muskel- und Gliederschmerzen sowie einem allgemeinen Krankheitsgefühl. Gelegentlich können auch Atembeschwerden auftreten. Demnach kann eine Grippe als Erkrankung des gesamten Atemtraktes beschrieben werden, die jedoch Symptome im ganzen Körper verursacht. Charakteristisch ist der abrupte Beginn der Symptome, so dass die Patientinnen und Patienten oftmals noch Jahre später den Zeitpunkt präzise beschreiben können.

Aufgrund der raschen Virusvermehrung ist die Infektionsgefahr für andere Personen mit dem Einsetzen von Husten und Niesen der Erkrankten/des Erkrankten am größten. Dabei ist die Virenkonzentration bei erkrankten Kindern meist höher als bei anderen Altersgruppen. Die leichte Übertragbarkeit der Influenzaviren kann in solchen Situationen bei Kontakt zu anderen Menschen zu einer explosionsartigen Verbreitung der Grippe führen.

Verläuft die Influenza unkompliziert, bessern sich die Beschwerden normalerweise innerhalb von zwei bis fünf Tagen. Ein Großteil der Patientinnen und Patienten hat die Erkrankung normalerweise nach einer Woche überstanden. Allerdings nimmt zirka jede fünfte Influenza einen komplizierten Verlauf. Die häufigste Komplikation bei einer Grippeerkrankung ist eine Pneumonie (Lungenentzündung), wobei von der durch das Grippevirus selbst verursachten „primären Pneumonie“ die größten Gefahren ausgehen. Diese äußert sich meistens in einer Verschlechterung des Allgemeinzustands ein bis zwei Tage nach Krankheitsbeginn mit Atemnot und eventuell einer Blaufärbung von Haut und Schleimhäuten (Zyanose). Da sich bestimmte Bakterien, wie beispielsweise Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pneumoniae oder Haemophilus influenzae, direkt an die Influenzaviren binden können, kann es aber auch infolge der akuten Influenza zu einer sogenannten „bakteriellen Superinfektion“ kommen. Bei dieser Form der Lungenentzündung steigt nach einer zwei- bis dreitägigen Phase der Besserung das Fieber erneut an und geht häufig mit Symptomen wie Husten und einem eitrigen Auswurf einher.

Die häufigste Form der Influenza-Pneumonie ist jedoch eine gemischt viral-bakterielle Lungenentzündung, die sich entweder in einem allmählichen Fortschreiten der Erkrankung oder einer vorübergehenden Besserung und anschließenden Verschlechterung der Symptome äußert. Neben einer Pneumonie treten bei einer Influenza gelegentlich noch weitere Komplikationen auf. Dazu gehören beispielsweise eine Entzündung des Herzmuskels oder Herzbeutels, der Nasennebenhöhlen, des Mittelohrs, der Muskeln, der Hirn- beziehungsweise Rückenmarkshäute oder eine Schädigung des Gehirns.

Die Diagnose einer Grippe ergibt sich während einer Grippeepidemie aus der Krankengeschichte und der körperlichen Untersuchung der Patientin/des Patienten. In manchen Fällen werden auch spezifische Laboruntersuchungen zum Virusnachweis durchgeführt. Dadurch können beispielsweise Informationen über die vorhandenen Virustypen oder die Verbreitung der Grippe erhalten werden. Derartige Laboruntersuchungen spielen zudem eine bedeutende Rolle zur Identifikation der Erreger bei neu aufgetretenen Formen der Grippe. Damit können beispielsweise Mutationen der Gene von Influenzaviren analysiert und eine Abgrenzung gegenüber der saisonalen Grippe vorgenommen werden.

Für die weitere Diagnostik der Grippe stehen je nach Krankheitsphase verschiedene Untersuchungsmethoden zur Verfügung. Dabei kommen unter anderem Untersuchungen von Nasensekret und Auswurf, Rachenabstriche sowie Blutuntersuchungen zum Einsatz.

Weitere Informationen finden Sie unter Influenza-A/B-Schnelltest.

Ist eine Person bereits an Grippe erkrankt, können bei rechtzeitiger Therapie die Influenzaviren direkt bekämpft werden. Hierfür gibt es bestimmte Medikamente – sogenannte Neuraminidasehemmer (Oseltamivir und Zanamivir). Sie blockieren die Freisetzung von neu gebildeten Viruspartikeln aus bereits infizierten Zellen und hemmen so die Vermehrung der Influenzaviren im Körper. Da nach einer anfänglichen Phase der raschen Erregerausbreitung die Zahl der Viren 24 bis 48 Stunden nach Ausbruch der Krankheit wieder abnimmt, müssen Neuraminidasehemmer am besten innerhalb der ersten zwölf Stunden (allerspätestens innerhalb von 48 Stunden) nach Auftreten der ersten Symptome zur Anwendung kommen.

Die rechtzeitige Verabreichung von Oseltamivir oder Zanamivir lindert die grippebedingten Beschwerden (wie zum Beispiel Kopfschmerzen, Husten, Fieber) und verkürzt die Dauer der Grippeerkrankung. Außerdem senkt die Therapie das Risiko für Komplikationen (zum Beispiel Pneumonie). Oseltamivir gibt es als Saft oder Tabletten. Zanamivir kann dagegen nur inhaliert werden. Daher wird häufig bevorzugt Oseltamivir eingesetzt. Ergeben sich Hinweise auf eine bakterielle (Zusatz-)Infektion, muss eine entsprechende antibiotische Therapie eingeleitet werden. Bei Komplikationen ist mitunter auch die Gabe von Sauerstoff notwendig, bei Erschöpfung der Atmung muss maschinell beatmet werden.

Bettruhe kann Komplikationen vorbeugen

Die weitere Therapie bei Influenzaerkrankungen richtet sich allein gegen die Symptome. So können zum Beispiel gegen die Kopf-, Muskel- und Gliederschmerzen sowie das Fieber Schmerzmittel mit gleichzeitig fiebersenkender Wirkung (beispielsweise Paracetamol oder Ibuprofen) verabreicht werden. Allerdings sollten Medikamente mit dem Wirkstoff Acetylsalicylsäure (zum Beispiel Aspirin®) keinesfalls Kindern unter zwölf Jahren gegeben werden, da hierdurch in seltenen Fällen das gefürchtete Reye-Syndrom ausgelöst werden kann. Dabei handelt es sich um eine akute Erkrankung des Gehirns und der Leber, die unbehandelt tödlich verlaufen kann. Um Risiken in der Anwendung von Arzneimitteln zu vermeiden, sollten diese generell nur auf ärztliche Anordnung eingenommen werden.

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Physicians in Crop Sprayed Towns (PCST), a group of physicians in Brazil, have claimed that the Zika Virus is not responsible for the dramatic rise in cases of Microcephaly. The tenfold increase of newborn babies with Microcephaly in Brazil, has alarmed Health officials around the world. Although the Zika Virus has never been officially linked with Microcephaly, there was strong suggestion from the World Health organisation and the CDC that the virus was the culprit.

The U.S Centers for Disease Control have advised pregnant women or women trying to conceive to avoid areas with Zika Virus outbreaks. They have also advised pregnant women to reconsider going to the 2016 Olympic Games in Brazil if they had planned to do so. Both women and their partners should be very cautious concerning the Zika Virus after it was discovered that the virus may be also be passed through sexual contact as well as the traditional route via the aedes aegypti mosquito.

On 14th April 2016 Dr Tom Frieden, the head of the CDC, confirmed that the Zika Virus does indeed cause Microcephaly and several other birth defects in babies. He stated that 'This study marks a turning point in the Zika outbreak. It is now clear that the virus causes microcephaly'. The Zika virus was previously beleived to have caused the birth defects seen in newborn babies, characterized by unusually small heads, and this has now been confirmed by the CDC.

Rabies is a rare but very serious infection of the brain and nerves. It's usually caught from the bite or scratch of an infected animal, most often a dog.

Rabies is found throughout the world, particularly in Asia, Africa, and Central and South America. It's not found in the UK except in a small number of wild bats.

It's almost always fatal once symptoms appear, but treatment before this happens is very effective. There's also a vaccine for people at risk of being infected.

You should consider getting vaccinated against rabies if:

  • you're travelling to an area where rabies is common and you plan to stay for a month or more, or there's unlikely to be quick access to appropriate medical care
  • you're travelling to an area where rabies is common and you plan to do activities that could put you at increased risk of exposure to animals with rabies – such as running or cycling

Visit your GP or a travel clinic if you think you may need the vaccine. It's sometimes free, but most people have to pay.

Even if you've been vaccinated, you should still take precautions to avoid coming into contact with rabies if you're travelling in an area where rabies is found, and get medical advice straight away if you've been bitten or scratched.

A few people may need the rabies vaccine because they could come into contact with rabies through their work. If you think this applies to you, speak to your occupational health department.

All mammals (including monkeys) can carry rabies, but it's most common in:

They can spread the infection if they bite or scratch you or, in rare cases, if they lick an open wound or their saliva gets into your mouth or eyes. Rabies isn't spread through unbroken skin or between people.

While travelling in an area where rabies is a risk:

  • avoid contact with animals – some infected animals may behave strangely, but sometimes there may be no obvious signs they're infected
  • avoid touching any dead animals

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Poisoning is most often due to contaminated food or water. Arsenic is a natural compound that occurs in the soil, sometimes in dangerously high concentrations. Many cities and municipalities filter and test their water, but not all do; people who drink from private, particularly old, wells may also be at risk. Drinking only filtered, tested water is a good way to rule out this possibility. In rarer cases, people are intentionally poisoned, usually by a caretaker or someone else with direct access to food and water supply. Anyone who suspects intentional tampering should seek help from local authorities. Arsenic poisoning isn’t always fatal, but it can have life-altering consequences if left untreated for long periods of time.

43) To the lady that said she can not think of anyone who would want to hurt her. My own sister.

41) What poison acts slowly? I have been had tummy problems off and on for over a year now. I've been to the ER and the doctor never found an issue, although for the last 4 months not hardly a day goes by that I am not ill?

I suspect I am being given something, but what, I have no idea.

40) If you believe someone is poisoning you, there is an easy test. When he pours coffee for you and him, switch cups on him.

39) Are you people serious? I never dreamed this kind of thing was so widespread!

The reason that I'm here is because, I just read about that doctor whose trial is going on about him poisoning his wife with cyanide! That always piques my interest, because I truly believe my mother was murdered years ago by a con artist (his ex-wife and their daughter) that she married, but I could never prove anything because, I didn't know what type of poison he used.

It's a very long story, but it involved a substantial amount of money and property and as soon as the property was paid off, he talked my mother into purchasing a pre-need plan (for her burial plot and funeral) and within less than a year she was suddenly diagnosed with breast cancer! All the years before she'd been as healthy as a horse, with no health problems at all! Anyway, she died a few years later and I knew he had done something to hasten her death so, he could get all the money and property, which he did!

It has taken a great toll on me not being able to get any help or be able to prove anything, but what is still disturbing is how her skin had turned yellowish with tiny purple dots after she died (along with some other similar things described here). At the time, I can remember asking why her skin was so yellow and her husband repeatedly said it was from all of the carrot juice she'd been drinking! Then, years later, I learned that the purple dots are definitely tell-tale signs of someone being poisoned, yet nobody seemed to have even noticed!

Anyway, it turns out that even if I could find out for sure what he did to her, there's nothing I could do about it now, because he's dead and he passed down all of the money/assets to his evil daughter, who, ironically, had a husband that suddenly dropped dead of cancer too!

So, all of you who keep having strange things happen to you (especially, on a consistent basis), if I were you, I'd try to set him/her up with a hidden camera/video, a recorder, setting up the containers in a specific manner so that you can see if they've been moved/used, marking the levels of fluid, etc., as well as, saving some of the things like shampoo, drinks, etc. that you think have made you ill by pouring small amounts in bottles, so if necessary, they can be tested later.

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    Relapsing into an addictive behavior is common for anyone dealing with addiction disorders. Recognizing and preparing for relapse is often a part of the treatment process. Identifying situations that would trigger excessive Internet use and generating ways to deal with these situations can greatly reduce the possibility of total relapse.

    Although extensive studies have not yet been done, treatment appears to be effective in maintaining and changing the behavior of people drawn to excessive use of the Internet. If the disorder is left untreated, the person may experience an increased amount of conflict in his or her relationships. Excessive Internet use may jeopardize a person's employment or academic standing. In addition, such physical problems may develop as fatigue, carpal tunnel syndrome, back pain, and eyestrain.

    If a person knows that he or she has difficulty with other forms of addictive behavior, they should be cautious in exploring the types of application that are used on the Internet. In addition, it is important for people to engage in social activities outside the Internet. Finally, mental health workers should investigate ways in which to participate in the implementation of new technology rather than waiting for its aftereffects.

    Young, K. S. Caught in the Net. New York, NY: John Wiley and Sons, Inc., 1998.

    Beard, K., and E. Wolf. "Modification in the Proposed Diagnostic Criteria for Internet Addiction." Cyberpsychology & Behavior 4 (2001): 377-383.

    Beard, K. "Internet Addiction: Current Status and Implication for Employees." Journal of Employment Counseling 39 (2002): 2-11.

    Griffiths, M. "Psychology of Computer Use: XLIII. Some Comments on 'Addictive Use of the Internet' by Young." Psychological Reports 80 (1997): 81-81.

    Kraut, R., M. Patterson, V. Lundmark, S. Kiesler, T. Mukopadhyay, and W. Scherlis. "Internet Paradox: A Social Technology That Reduces Social Involvement and Psychological Well-Being?" American Psychologist 53 (1998): 1017-1031.

    Vertigo is a condition in which you feel off-balance and dizzy, as if you or your surroundings are moving, spinning, or swaying. It can lead to nausea and disability. Vertigo is most common in elderly people, but it can affect both sexes at any age. It may be a temporary or permanent condition.

    Optimal treatment can reduce the frequency of relapses and slow disease progression. Assess your symptoms and personal journey as a step in guiding your care.

    The organ of balance is the vestibular system in the ear, a tiny grid of fluid-filled tubes and sacs. There are two identical vestibular systems, located in the labyrinth of each inner ear. As you move, the liquid in the tubes also moves about, and its levels are read by nerve cells. The information is sent to the brain, which uses it to calculate which way is down and what should be the horizontal level.

    Any problems with balance originate in the vestibular system, so people who suffer from frequent vertigo are said to have a vestibular disorder. Balance problems may be associated with a ringing in the ears or loss of hearing. Vertigo can also be caused by changes in the parts of the brain (cerebellum and brain stem) that are also involved in controlling balance.

    Major causes of vertigo include the following:

    • benign paroxysmal positional vertigo: This is a common form of vertigo, usually brought on by specific head positions or movements. It is caused by calcium deposits in the inner ear balance organ that periodically become dislodged and cause symptoms.
    • head trauma: People who have received a violent blow on the head can suffer temporary or permanent damage to the inner ear, causing balance problems.
    • labyrinthitis: Untreated bacterial infections of the middle ear can get into the inner ear and damage the labyrinth and also cause hearing loss.
    • neuronitis: Viral neuronitis is really just viral labyrinthitis that affects the nerves of the vestibular system and not the cochlea (the organ for hearing). However, neuronitis can also be caused by a blood clot lodged in the tiny blood vessels that feed the inner ear.
    • Ménière's disease: This was once called watchmaker's disease because it tends to strike people who do precise, intricate work that requires concentration and careful control of the hands for long periods. Nobody knows what causes Ménière's disease.

    Some antibiotics can damage the vestibular system in high doses or with prolonged use. Acetylsalicylic acid* (ASA), caffeine, alcohol, nicotine, sedatives, tranquilizers, and several illegal drugs can cause temporary dizziness but do no permanent damage to the balance organs once they are stopped.

    Create a personalized Doctor Discussion Guide to help ensure you are getting optimal treatment in managing your MS.

    Vertigo is the primary symptom of any balance disorder. If you close your eyes during an episode of vertigo, you'll feel as if you're spinning or falling. Severe vertigo can cause vomiting and stop you from walking.

    Because the vestibular system is linked to the brain's movement centre and to the eyes, some people with vestibular disorders find their vision is affected, or their muscles are poorly coordinated or don't go where they're supposed to. The muscles may ache, particularly in the neck and back.

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    Where can I get more information on biosecurity, bird flu, and the current HPAI situation in the US?

    Avian Influenza - USGS National Willdife Health Center site
    Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza and North American Wild Birds: FAQs - Interagency Steering Committee for Surveillance for Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza in Wild Birds (pdf, 540kb)

    Flu season killing record number of older Americans, CDC says

    Jump to text This year’s especially grim flu season has been sickening and killing a very high.
    Next story in Cold and flu Zinc may shorten the common cold

    >>> some good news tonight about the nasty flu season we've been enduring in this country. cdc says flu activity is down. we have probably, probably seen the worst of the season. flu activity was listed as widespread this week. 38 states at least down from 42 states last week. news remains bad for the elderly, however, with more than 50% of hospitalizations in patients over

    This year’s especially grim flu season has been sickening and killing a very high number of people over 65, federal officials report -- even people who consider themselves relatively healthy and not frail.

    Rates of women who are opting for preventive mastectomies, such as Angeline Jolie, have increased by an estimated 50 percent in recent years, experts say. But many doctors are puzzled because the operation doesn't carry a 100 percent guarantee, it's major surgery -- and women have other options, from a once-a-day pill to careful monitoring.

    The latest flu statistics show that while the season is leveling off, it’s still a bad one for seniors.

    “The numbers for hospitalizations are extremely high in the elderly. In fact, they are the highest we have had since surveillance began in 2005,” says Dr. Lyn Finelli, a flu expert at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. “The deaths are way over the epidemic threshold. We are very concerned about the elderly this year", she added in a telephone interview.

    “The elderly rates are many, many times the rates in other age groups.”

    Flu statistics show the virus is still widespread in 38 states. Nine percent of reported deaths were due to flu and pneumonia, still above what’s considered an epidemic. And 14 more children died of flu last week, bringing the total this year to 59.

    It’s still especially bad in the midwest and west, although infections are beginning to wane in the east. Dr. Jeff Duchin, an epidemiologist and flu expert at the University of Washington in Seattle, says he’s seen the impact.

    “We have had a record in long term-care facility outbreaks this year,” Duchin, who is also a spokesman for the Infectious Diseases Society of America, said in a telephone interview.

    “County emergency department reports are showing us higher prevalence of disease among older folks compared to what we had seen in recent years.”

    CDC said people over 65 need to make sure they see a doctor right away if they get flu-like symptoms. That’s because quick treatment with antivirals can help prevent serious illness.

    “We see unnecessary delays in treatment, particularly in the elderly,” Duchin said. “We need to recognize these cases promptly so the medications can be started promptly.”

    Antiviral drugs such as Tamiflu only work well when given within a day or two of symptoms starting.

    People 65 and older may not consider themselves at higher risk, Finelli says. But they need to: Their immune systems are less robust from those of younger people and they are still more vulnerable.

    “Even if they are super-fit maybe they have other underlying conditions that put them at higher risk for the flu, like pulmonary (lung) disease and cardiovascular disease and diabetes,” Finelli said.

    A study published earlier this week showed that people over 65 have different types of antibodies from younger people. These immune system proteins recognize and attack invaders like germs and they are stimulated by vaccines.

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    Die Grippe, auch Influenza genannt, ist eine plötzlich auftretende, fieberhafte Viruserkrankung. Sie entsteht durch verschiedene Grippeviren und wird oft mit einer gewöhnlichen Erkältung verwechselt. Da sie im Winter weitaus häufiger vorkommt, wird sie auch "saisonale Grippe" genannt. Ihr Verlauf ist sehr unterschiedlich und kann in bei schwerer Erkrankung sogar tödlich enden.

    Heißer Tee: Trinken Sie Tee! Dieser hat eine natürliche, heilende Wirkung auf den Körper. Je nachdem, welcher Tee getrunken wird, lassen sich verschiedene Effekte beobachten. Kamillentee wirkt entzündungshemmend, Ingwertee lindert Schmerzen, Lindenblüten und Holunderblütentee sind schweißtreibend. Menschen, die keinen Tee mögen, können auf eine heiße Zitrone zurückgreifen und sich damit von innen heraus wärmen.

    Raumklima: Sorgen Sie für eine Raumtemperatur von etwa 20 Grad und vergessen Sie nicht regelmäßig zu lüften! Erholen Sie sich nicht bei zu trockener Luft. Um die Luftfeuchtigkeit im Raum zu erhöhen, können Schalen mit Wasser über der Heizung oder ein Luftbefeuchter sinnvoll sein.

    Ruhe: Gönnen Sie sich ausreichend Ruhe und Erholung! Sie benötigen all Ihre Kräfte, um Krankheitserreger zu bekämpfen. Machen Sie es sich bequem und schonen Sie sich. Auch nach Abklingen der Symptome, sollten Sie es ruhig angehen lassen, um einen Rückfall zu vermeiden.

    Warme Suppe: Essen Sie warme Hühnersuppe! Das in Hühnersuppe enthaltene Eiweiß (Cystein) als auch das enthaltene Zink wirken entzündungshemmend und dämmen die Infektion ebenso wie ein Medikament ein. Würzen Sie die Brühe zusätzlich mit Knoblauch, Chili, Salz und Zitronengras.

    Wasser trinken: Trinken Sie zwei Liter Wasser am Tag, um einer Dehydrierung vorzubeugen! Ihr Körper verliert durch das Schwitzen und Fieber sehr viel Flüssigkeit. Holen Sie diese durch Wasser und Tee wieder rein.

    Wadenwickel: Nutzen Sie Wadenwickel! Um das Fieber zu senken, haben sich kalte Wadenwickel über Jahre bewährt. Tränken Sie ein Tuch in zimmerwarmes Wasser und wickeln Sie es um Ihre Waden. Um das nasse Tuch legen Sie daraufhin ein trockenes und entfernen beide nach etwa 15 Minuten.

    Gurgeln: Gurgeln Sie mit einer Salzlösung, Kamillentee oder Salbeitee, um Halsschmerzen zu lindern! Des Weiteren kann ein Kartoffel- oder Quarkwickel hilfreich sein.

    Husten lindern: Trinken Sie heißen Tee und lutschen Bonbons um Ihren Husten zu lindern! Auch ein bis zwei Teelöffel Zwiebelsirup oder –saft können Linderung bei Husten verschaffen.

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    Disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) is a condition where blood clots develop in the bloodstream and bleeding also occurs. DIC can develop more often with acute promyelocytic leukemia, but also with other subtypes of acute myelogenous leukemia (AML). Find out more about disseminated intravascular coagulation.

    A rare, cancerous (malignant), green-coloured tumour that develops with myelogenous leukemia. It is formed by the buildup of abnormal blast cells (immature blood cells) that collect in soft tissue outside the bone marrow.

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    Cold and flu season has begun, and with it the onslaught of sore throats, aches and coughs. Last week my 4 year old daughter complained bitterly of a sore throat, and no amount of consoling was going to solve it. I didn’t want to turn to a bottle of artificial color, flavor, sugar and other garbage to help her unless it was absolutely necessary. Instead, I pulled out the lemons, the honey and the ginger. And unlike some sore throat remedies, this one is delicious. In fact, I now have to learn to see through the “ooooh, sore throat, mommy” to see if she is actually sick or if she just wants a spoonful of this goodness.

    Raw honey is antibacterial, anti-viral, anti-fungal and high in antioxidants. If possible buy raw honey from a local beekeeper who doesn’t sell all the honey the bees make and then feed them sugar-water through the winter.

    Lemons are antibacterial, anti-viral, and contain immune-boosting vitamins and minerals. Choose organic to avoid pesticides.

    Ginger is anti-inflammatory and helps soothe inflamed sinuses and throats. It also helps boost the body’s ability to absorb nutrients. Choose organic ginger to avoid pesticides.

    Feel good about giving your children a spoonful of this remedy, or putting a tablespoon in some hot water for a hot drink. You are boosting their immune system and soothing aching little bodies with a healthy, all natural cold and flu remedy.

    This article has been linked to From The Farm Blog Hop.