Wenn Sie schon eine Grippe haben, können Sie ihrer Ausbreitung vorbeugen, indem Sie eine Ansteckung Ihrer Mitmenschen und somit neue Grippefälle vermeiden. Dazu ist es wichtig, dass Sie:
- beim Niesen und Husten Ihre Nase und Ihren Mund bedecken (dabei nicht in die nackte Hand husten oder niesen, sondern z.B. in die Armbeuge),
- sich regelmäßig die Hände waschen,
- statt Stofftaschentüchern Papiertaschentücher verwenden und
- benutzte Einweg-Papiertaschentücher direkt entsorgen.
Neben der Impfung gegen Grippe (Influenza) ist für bestimmte Personengruppen eine Pneumokokken-Schutzimpfung empfehlenswert, die einer Lungenentzündung durch Pneumokokken wirksam vorbeugen kann. Die Pneumokokken-Schutzimpfung ist wichtig für:
- Menschen ab dem 60. Lebensjahr
- Säuglinge bis zum 24. Lebensmonat
- Kinder, Jugendliche und Erwachsene mit einer schweren Grunderkrankung
Zika virus infection is a mild febrile viral illness transmitted by mosquitoes. The mosquitoes that are able to transmit Zika virus are not normally found in New Zealand.
The following information on Zika virus infection is provided as it is an emerging disease.
- 24 July 2017: We’ve updated the sections about Zika virus, Zika virus and pregnancy, sexual transmission of Zika virus, symptoms of Zika virus infection and laboratory testing.
- 1 August 2016: We’ve added a page on Monitoring Zika virus in New Zealand.
- 28 July 2016: We’ve updated the sections about Zika virus,Zika virus and pregnancy (in particular our advice for women who are planning to become pregnant soon after returning from Zika affected areas), symptoms of Zika virus infection, further information and laboratory testing. The interim guidance information for LMCs (midwives), GPs and other health professionals dealing with Zika virus in pregnancy has been similarly updated.
- 4 July 2016: We've updated our advice for women who are pregnant or planning to become pregnant on travelling to Zika-affected areas.
- 14 April 2016: We've released a new fact sheet for the public, talking about what we do and do not know about Zika virus at this stage.
Zika virus is a flavivirus, closely related to dengue. Cases of Zika virus have previously been reported in Africa, southern Asia and the Pacific Islands. In 2015 and 2016, Zika virus outbreaks have spread throughout the tropical and sub-tropical areas of the western hemisphere, as far north as Mexico, Florida and Puerto Rico.
Because Zika, dengue and chikungunya viruses are transmitted by mosquitoes mostly active during daytime, it's important that all travelers visiting affected areas continue to take protective measures to prevent mosquito bites throughout the day.
Zika virus infection is symptomatic in only about 1 out of every 5 cases. When symptomatic, Zika infection usually presents as an influenza-like syndrome, often mistaken for other arboviral infections like dengue or chikungunya.
New Zealand currently has 15 mosquito species. The mosquito species (Aedes sp.) that are able to spread Zika virus are not normally found in New Zealand however they are found in many other countries around the world.
A national mosquito surveillance programme has been operating for some years at New Zealand's international points of entry (ports and airports). The ports and airports are monitored regularly throughout the year to ensure the early detection and elimination of any exotic mosquitoes.
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Dairy Intolerance like any food intolerance gets worse with age. So for many people - alternating bouts of nausea, diarrhea and constipation have become an everyday thing (Irritable Bowel). But it is not normal and can lead to serious health risks.
Left untreated, problems with malabsorption (like iron deficiency, bone density loss or chronic dehydration) can arise. Further neglect can lead to anaemia and even osteoporosis. To find out for sure whether you have dairy intolerance use the Journal Method - as used in the Healing Program.
Do you eat Dairy foods "to make sure you get enough calcium?". Marketing for Dairy foods certainly uses this a major motivator.
Milk derivatives like “milk solids” and “whey powder” can make food taste good and do contain some calcium. However the calcium found in dairy foods is in the wrong form which for easy absorption by the body. That’s why so many serves must be eaten. Haven't you ever wondered why they tell us we need "three serves a day" - equal to 21 serves a week to fetch enough calcium for our needs?
- Is it because dairy foods don't actually deliver a whwole lot of usable calcium? If it was a great source we would only need a little.
This much dairy food in a week means that all the other dairy components like cholesterol, fat and lactose are being absorbed at the same time. To reduce fats people then switch to low fat varieties.
The trouble is - doing this delivers lactose in much larger amounts: skim milk and low fat milk products are usually supplemented with additional milk solids, sugars and other derivatives to give them substance and make them taste better.
You may have been advised to switch to low-fat milk to reduce cholesterol. But with much higher levels of lactose – this can bring on severe diarrhea and other gastro-intestinal symptoms. If you have noticed that - then you have dairy intolerance.
Many people in western developed countries eat all types of foods indiscriminately and may have come to accept chronic flatulence, constipation and bloating as 'normal'. However these Irritable bowel symptoms are not normal and can lead to disease.
Compared to milk - there are many other sources of calcium from foods: green leafy vegetables and fish with bones like canned salmon and white bait - none of which cause symptoms.
For many thousands of years there has never been any milk or Dairy food in the traditional Chinese diet. So - according to the "three serves of dairy a day" rule - shouldn't all those Chinese be suffering from osteoporotic broken hips?
Two to five years
Six to 11 years
Nasal irrigation with saline17
Six to 10 years
3 to 9 mL per nostril
Up to three weeks
Pelargonium sidoides (geranium) extract (Umcka Coldcare)18
One to 18 years
10 to 30 drops (depending on age)
Two to five years
Six to 11 years
One to 10 years
Syrup, 15 mg per 5 mL
Influenza A symptoms include fever, headache, muscle aches, fatigue, sneezing, coughing, and runny nose. Influenza virus type A is the most common type of the flu, and its symptoms are typically more severe than symptoms of type B or type C. Influenza A symptoms are similar to the symptoms of a cold, except that fever is rare with a cold and common with the flu. Flu symptoms tend to be more severe than cold symptoms, as well. Flu symptoms also tend to come on very quickly.
The best way to prevent influenza virus type A is to get a flu shot. Despite what some people think, you cannot get the flu from getting a flu shot because the shot is not made from live virus. Some people may have a minor reaction to the shot, though, that can cause some flu-like symptoms like muscle aches and a low fever. Such reactions are relatively rare, though. Getting a flu shot does not guarantee you won't catch the flu anyway, but it definitely lowers your risk significantly.
The next best way to prevent the flu is to wash your hands a lot with soap and water, especially when you've been around someone who is sick. But since you might not always know when you've been around someone with the flu, frequent washing all the time is your best bet.
There is a homeopathic remedy you can take to help prevent the flu. It is called Instant Immunity, and we'll tell you more about that in a moment.
Some people take extra vitamin C to help prevent or treat the flu, but there is no evidence that this actually works.
Treatment is usually aimed at relieving influenza A symptoms. There are a variety of over-the-counter medications you can take for relief. For instance, you can take Tylenol for fever and headache, antihistamines for a runny nose, decongestants for a stuffy head, and a cough suppressant if you have a cough. These medications don't cure influenza virus type A, they just help with the symptoms. They may have side effects, such as causing drowsiness or insomnia.
There are antiviral medications that are available by prescription that may help speed the process of recovery from the flu. Doctors don't always prescribe these because flu symptoms usually go away on their own in time without treatment, but if you see your doctor for the flu you might be given a prescription. There are some side effects associated with antiviral medications. For instance, Tamiflu can cause nausea and vomiting, confusion, mental status changes, and skin reactions.
Some people prefer to use natural treatments for relief from influenza A symptoms.
There are a couple of homeopathic remedies you might want to try for dealing with influenza virus type A. Both of these products contain 100% all natural ingredients:
- A new product that we have seen a lot of success with is Instant Immunity. It works to protect against the flu. It may also help speed recovery if you do get the flu, and can help prevent secondary complications from the flu. To learn more, just follow the link.
See a doctor in mid-fall if you want to get vaccinated against influenza virus type A. You normally don't need to see a doctor for influenza A symptoms, but if your symptoms last longer than a week, if they are really severe, if you have a very high fever, or if you have trouble breathing, you should see a doctor. In rare cases, the flu can be very serious, even deadly, so see a doctor if you have any concerns.
Patient is a certified member of
The Information Standard
Dr Sarah Jarvis MBE, 25 Sep 2017
Many viruses can cause a flu-like illness. There is usually a seasonal outbreak of flu (influenza) in the UK each winter. Flu-like illnesses typically cause a high temperature, aches and pains in muscles and joints, a cough and various other symptoms.
- arrow-downWhat are flu and flu-like illnesses?
- arrow-downFlu symptoms
- arrow-downHow do you catch flu?
- arrow-downSerious illnesses that are similar to flu
- arrow-downFlu treatment
- arrow-downComplications of flu
Dr Roger Henderson, GP
Flu (influenza) is caused by the influenza virus. However, many other viruses can cause an illness similar to flu. It is often difficult to say exactly which virus is causing the illness, so doctors often diagnose a flu-like illness.