Übrigens: Nicht alles, was "Grippe" heißt, entsteht auch durch Grippeviren! So hat eine Magen-Darm-Grippe ebenso wenig mit der echten Influenza zu tun wie die als Sommergrippe bezeichnete Erkältungskrankheit. Und auch mit „grippaler Infekt“ ist nicht die Influenza gemeint, sondern eine Erkältung.

Anfangs kann die Grippe (Influenza) Symptome verursachen, die an eine Erkältung denken lassen. Bei Krankheitsverlauf und -schwere besteht aber in der Regel ein großer Unterschied zwischen Grippe und Erkältung.

Testen Sie, ob Sie eher erkältet sind oder womöglich die echte Grippe haben.

Zudem macht sich eine beginnende Grippe durch mehrere Symptome gleichzeitig bemerkbar, während sich Erkältungszeichen typischerweise nach und nach entwickeln. Dabei sind die Grippesymptome meist auch deutlich intensiver als Erkältungssymptome.

Typische erste Symptome für die echte Grippe sind:

Das bei einer echten Influenza hohe Fieber erreicht Temperaturen von mehr als 39 (bis zu 41) Grad Celsius. Es kann tagelang anhalten. Darüber hinaus verursacht die Grippe oft folgende Symptome:

Menschen mit einer Virusgrippe sind typischerweise stark geschwächt, sodass Bakterien ein leichtes Spiel haben. Darum entwickeln sie oft gleichzeitig bakterielle Infektionen (sog. Zweitinfektionen oder Superinfektionen), was die mit der Grippe verbundenen Symptome zusätzlich verstärkt. So kann es bei einer Influenza zum Beispiel zu Entzündungen des Nervensystems und zu Lungenentzündungen kommen.

Die Grippe (Influenza) entsteht durch sogenannte Influenza- beziehungsweise Grippeviren der Typen A, B und C. Vor allem das Influenza-A- und das Influenza-B-Virus können beim Menschen zu schweren Atemwegserkrankungen führen. Das Grippevirus vom Typ C verursacht bei Erwachsenen selten und bei Kindern gelegentlich milde Erkrankungen.

Influenza-A- und Influenza-B-Viren sind demnach die wichtigsten Auslöser der Grippe. Beide Erreger besitzen bestimmte Oberflächenmerkmale, nach denen sich ihre Klassifikation richtet.

Grippeviren vom Typ A und B haben an ihrer Oberfläche sogenannte Spikes aus verschiedenen Eiweißen (Glykoproteine, Hämagglutinin und Neuraminidase), die unterschiedlich ausgeprägt sind und deren Kombination die Klassifizierung ermöglicht. Bisher sind 16 verschiedene Hämagglutinine (H) und neun verschiedene Neuraminidasen (N) bekannt.

  • Während man das Influenza-A-Virus in Typen und Subtypen (wie H1N1, H2N2, H3N2 oder H5N1) unterteilt,
  • unterscheidet man beim Influenza-B-Virus nur den Typ, ohne ihn weiter in Subtypen zu unterteilen.

So ist für die Spanische Grippe ebenso wie für die Neue Grippe (sog. Schweinegrippe) beispielsweise der Influenza-A-Subtyp H1N1 verantwortlich, für die Asiatische Grippe H2N2 und für die Hongkong-Grippe H3N2.

Durch das Influenza-A-Virus kommt es immer wieder zu größeren Ausbrüchen von Grippe. Ursache hierfür ist, dass der Erreger eine sehr veränderliche Erbanlage besitzt: Diese sogenannte genetische Variabilität befähigt das Grippevirus dazu, unsere Immunabwehr immer wieder zu überwinden.

Dass die Erreger der Grippe eine so große genetische Variabilität aufweisen, hat zwei Ursachen: Erstens können die unterschiedlich ausgeprägten Eiweiße an der Virusoberfläche miteinander verschiedene Neukombinationen bilden (sog. Antigen-Shift), zweitens können sie auch ihre jeweilige Struktur verändern (sog. Antigen-Drift). Dies führt dazu, dass jedes Jahr eine neue Variante des Influenza-A-Virus auftaucht

Diese neue Variante des Influenza-Virus kann auch Menschen krank machen, die im Jahr zuvor geimpft wurden oder schon eine Grippe durchgemacht haben. Darum ist jedes Jahr ein neuer Impfstoff für die Grippeimpfung nötig.

Die Antigen-Drift beim Influenza-A-Virus ist verantwortlich für die Grippewellen (bzw. Epidemien), die in Abständen von 2 bis 3 Jahren auftreten. Hingegen verursacht der Antigen-Shift die etwa alle 10 bis 20 Jahre auftretenden Grippe-Pandemien (eine Pandemie ist eine auf große Gebiete übergreifende Grippewelle). Grippeviren der Typen B und C machen sich eher durch vereinzelte Grippefälle bemerkbar.

Die Übertragung der Grippe kann verschiedene Ursachen haben. Die Ansteckung mit Grippeviren kann.

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Kozak PP, Gallup J, Cummins LH, Gillman SA. Endogenous mold exposure: environmental risk to atopic and nonatopic patients. In: Gammage RB, Kay SV (eds). Indoor Air and Human Health. Chelsea, Mich: Lewis Publishers; 1985:149-170

Peltola J, Anderson MA, Raimo M, Mussalo-Rauhamaa H, Salkinoja-Salonen M., 1999 Membrane toxic substances in water-damaged construction materials and fungal pure cultures In: Johanning E. Bioaerosols, Fungi, Mycotoxins: Health effects, Assessment, Prevention and Control 1. New York: Eastern New York Occupational & Environmental Health Center. p 432–443

Peraica, M.; Radic, B.; Lucic, A.; Pavlovic, M., September 1, 1999, Diseases Caused by Molds in Humans , Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Reshetilova TA, Soloveva TF, Baskunov BP, Kozlovskii AG., 1992 Investigation of alkaloid formation by certain species of fungi of the Penicillium genus Mikrobiologiya 61:873-879

This site is not intended to give medical advice. Seek the advice of a professional for medication, treatment options, and complete knowledge of any illness. The opinions expressed here are exclusively my personal opinions do not necessarily reflect my peers or professional affiliates. The information here does not reflect professional advice and is not intended to supersede the professional advice of others.

©2001-2006 Mold-Help. All rights reserved

Amphetamine Abuse & Addiction Effects, Signs & Symptoms

Amphetamines are a type of central nervous system stimulant. They provide a sense of increased wakefulness, energy, attention, concentration, sociability, self-confidence, improved mood, and decreased appetite. They are frequently prescribed for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in both children and adults. Amphetamines appears to have a calming effect on individuals with ADHD and sometimes afternoon sleepiness has been observed in adults with the condition. Amphetamines are also used to treat narcolepsy, treatment resistant depression and obesity. When overused these medications can be addictive. Additionally, some individuals without ADHD may use amphetamines during times when high levels of productivity are required. The increase in the ability to perform and accompanying psycho-social effects often leads these individuals to continue taking amphetamines even after the demand for productivity has passed.

Twelve month incidence rates were estimates at.2% for both the 12 – 17 and 18 and older age groups. While these estimates were the same for both genders in the 18 and older age group for those ages 12-17, gender effects were reported with girls (.3%) having higher rates or amphetamine type stimulant disorder than males (.1%). While admissions for treatment were roughly the same for males (54%)and females (46%) who did not use the substance intravenously, male were 3-4 times more likely to use amphetamines intravenously than females. 12 month incidence rates were found to be higher among those age 18 – 29 (.4%) compared to those ages 45 – 64 (.1%). For 12-17 year olds, Amphetamine type stimulant abuse estimated prevalence rates were highest among Caucasians and African Americans (.3%), compared with Hispanics (.1%) and Asian Americans (.01%). In this age group, Amphetamine abuse was practically absent in Native Americans. In those ages 18 and above, however, the highest estimated prevalence rates were found among Native Americans and Native Alaskans (.6%) compared with Caucasians (.2%) and Hispanics (.2%). This particular type of substance abuse disorder was virtually non-existent in African Americans, Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders. Past year prevalence rates of non- medical use of amphetamines across all children through college age was estimated at 5%-9% with past year prevalence rates of the disorder estimated at 5%-35% of across all individuals of college age.

The most frequently disorders that co-occur with stimulant use disorders are other substance abuse disorders, in particular substances with sedative properties which are commonly used to avoid the negative effects experienced when the stimulant begins to wear off. With Amphetamine abuse, the most common type of co-occurring substance abuse is marijuana. Other co-occurring disorders include:

  • Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
  • Antisocial Personality Disorder
  • Gambling Disorder
  • Neurological Disorders

Genetic: If you have a parent with an amphetamine use problem, it is possible you inherited a susceptibility to develop the same disorder. In addition, temperament, the inherited building blocks of personality, can predispose you to develop a problem with amphetamine use. Individuals who are open to novelty, are curious and frequently experiment with ways to increase happiness, prefer feeling overactive rather than underactive, and have difficulties coping with delayed gratification are more likely than their peers to develop an amphetamine use disorder

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Today, while researching the medicine, I found out that one of the side effects was increased FSH and LH, which increases estrogen to start ovulation. So that's why there could be this increase in the seizures with the meds.

I'm frustrated as to what to do now. I've had it for years. With mainstreamed medicine they only rely on pharmaceutical companies for treatment, and the natural alternatives which are usually more helpful are never promoted by them or covered by insurance. Something has to change in how insurance covers medical forms of treatment!

40) Turmeric helps with aches/pains/stiffness and makes the “getting old” feeling go away.

Vitamin B5 is great for adult acne, hair loss, rosacea, pcos, insulin resistance. Facial skin will look wonderful.

Calcium-d-glucarate: I lost 1” belly fat overnight!

Kirkman labs calcium-magnesium-vitamin D3 powder. Most calcium products are junk.

No synthroid. Nature-throid instead, totally rocks! The body does not recognize synthroid because it is synthetic and over time is gets resistant to it. Also synthroid contains no t3. You need t3 and t4. Nature-throid has both.

No synthetic bioidentical hormone replacement therapy. Use natural bioidentical hormone replacement therapy instead! Don’t be fooled! Progesterone and estriol are best in a cream form rather than pellets or troches (better dosage control). Never take estradiol -- estriol only!!

No BCPs for PCOS -- ever! BCPs are bad!

Try dim: -- Nature’s Way brand is good. Helps with estrogen dominance and belly fat.

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D.C.: Is is safe to travel to Central America?

Richard Wenzel: I have not heard of any reports of influenza in Central America, but it is likely that some cases will come to light in the next few weeks. CDC will suggest postponing non-essential travel to Mexico today. So the best advise is to stay alert to their travel advisories.

Fredericksburg, Va.: What is the possibility of EU countries closing borders to international travel from the United States?

Richard Wenzel: Whenever there are risks of transmission of new infections from one country to another, there is always some risk that travel restrictions will result. We saw that with SARS and could see that with swine flu if the numbers and severity increase in the US.

Cleveland, Ohio: The case of swine flu in Ohio occurred in Elyria, which is very close to Cleveland. Is it possible that Tamiflu will be made available for people in our area to take now as a precautionary measure? You mentioned that people who have been "exposed" to the virus should take it, but how does one know if one has in fact been exposed?

Richard Wenzel: This is a difficult question. The exposures that qualify for prophylaxis include those within families or those with prolonged exposure such as that of a school. Unless the outbreak is wide spread, general prophylaxis is not indicated.

State College, Pa.: Why is this virus receiving such rapid, mass attention when there are so many viruses passed around all the time?

Richard Wenzel: This is a new virus not seen before, it may have caused 100 deaths in Mexico, and it has been quickly identified in countries on three continents. Influenza is more than a common cold with respect to its ability to harm patients. These are some of the reasons for the attention given to the new virus.

Washington, D.C.: I'm having a little trouble reconciling the president's "there no immediate danger" comments as well as the Post's Check-up blog that basically says "chill out folks" with your comments suggesting everything from face masks to foregoing handshakes to consternation that the threat level has not been elevated. Which is it?

Richard Wenzel: This is a serious problem and now is the time to prepare for all contingencies. We need to be extra cautious until we know the extent of transmission and of the virulence of the virus. It is also a time for scenario playing, i.e. the what ifs: Communication, drug supply and delivery, infection control recommendations for hospitals, development of hot lines that might be needed etc. In summary, this is the time for special precautions, but not panic or alarm.

Penn Quarter, D.C.: Is this the same swine flu that was around in the mid 1970s? Will the shot I got then help me now?

Richard Wenzel: Unfortunately this is different virus, and it is unlikely that you are protected, but I have not seen specific antibody analyses yet.

Virginia Beach, Va.: Are there any special precautions or drugs that my son should take as a patient currently undergoing chemotherapy, hence with a very compromised immune system?

Richard Wenzel: At this point, I would not recommend prophylaxis. However, if the epidemic spreads to your city, it may be prudent to offer prophylaxis for a period of time. You should consult with his oncologist about the timing for such an approach.

20002: Can this virus be spread through the air? Or does you have to touch something that has the virus on it and then touch your mouth, nose, etc.

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Today, while researching the medicine, I found out that one of the side effects was increased FSH and LH, which increases estrogen to start ovulation. So that's why there could be this increase in the seizures with the meds.

I'm frustrated as to what to do now. I've had it for years. With mainstreamed medicine they only rely on pharmaceutical companies for treatment, and the natural alternatives which are usually more helpful are never promoted by them or covered by insurance. Something has to change in how insurance covers medical forms of treatment!

40) Turmeric helps with aches/pains/stiffness and makes the “getting old” feeling go away.

Vitamin B5 is great for adult acne, hair loss, rosacea, pcos, insulin resistance. Facial skin will look wonderful.

Calcium-d-glucarate: I lost 1” belly fat overnight!

Kirkman labs calcium-magnesium-vitamin D3 powder. Most calcium products are junk.

No synthroid. Nature-throid instead, totally rocks! The body does not recognize synthroid because it is synthetic and over time is gets resistant to it. Also synthroid contains no t3. You need t3 and t4. Nature-throid has both.

No synthetic bioidentical hormone replacement therapy. Use natural bioidentical hormone replacement therapy instead! Don’t be fooled! Progesterone and estriol are best in a cream form rather than pellets or troches (better dosage control). Never take estradiol -- estriol only!!

No BCPs for PCOS -- ever! BCPs are bad!

Try dim: -- Nature’s Way brand is good. Helps with estrogen dominance and belly fat.

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Human influenza viruses are known to drift, or mutate, from season to season, allowing the viruses to spread through the population a little easier. At the same time, humans are constantly evolving antibodies to fight the viruses. The human immune system contains a range of antibodies that can bind to the flu virus, meaning there is a higher potential for the population to fend off viruses that are slightly unfamiliar, Webby said.

Predicting which strain of the flu will dominate a flu season involves mapping seasonal trends, field testing and, to some degree, guess work. Sometimes, the vaccine is not a good match.

Slight drifts in a dominant influenza virus are not a huge cause for concern, according to health experts. Vaccines can still provide some level of defense against the flu, even when the vaccine is not a perfect match. “It would have to be a very severe drift for a vaccine to provide no protection at all,” Webby said. Despite a mutation in the H3N2, the vaccine has averted roughly a third of the flu cases seen this season, according to the CDC.

The three types of influenza viruses are types A, B and C. Influenza viruses A and B are what cause most of the human infections, with A typically being the more severe of the two. Viruses are made up of seven segments of RNA, or genetic material. “Every so often, one of those segments gets changed very dramatically,” Patrick Schlievert, a professor and chair of microbiology at the University of Iowa, told IBTimes. “Those are the ones that usually bring in a new pandemic.”

The viruses that worry health experts the most are those “coming out of animal reservoirs,” Webby said. They are what health experts call the “pandemic strains” – viruses unfamiliar to the human immune system that suddenly jump into humans.

In 2009, a novel strain of the H1N1 influenza A virus, commonly known as swine flu, made its way to the U.S. The first cases were reported in March in California. The virus killed an estimated 10,000 Americans, including 7,500 young adults and 1,100 children, by December. Health experts estimated that more than 15 percent of the country had been infected with the virus. “If a brand new virus comes in, it’s obviously going to be more severe and effect a greater part of the population,” Schlievert said.

However, even if an unforeseen strain were to make its way into the human population, health officials are, for the most part, prepared. A hundred years of medical advances have equipped physicians with the tools to keep death rates from influenza outbreaks relatively low, Schlievert argued. If the Spanish flu pandemic of 1918, which killed upwards of 30 to 50 million people worldwide, were to happen today, “it might kill 100,000 people,” Schlievert said. “The reason is that medical care is so much better” than it was nearly a century ago, he said.

Bill Bush The Columbus Dispatch @ReporterBush

Flu cases are widespread across the state, with hospitalizations for flu-like symptoms almost doubling to 287 during the first week of January, according to the Ohio Department of Health.

"Influenza-like illness is now widespread throughout Ohio for the first time this flue season, and the number of associated hospitalizations are rising," the department said in a written statement.

The number of hospitalizations for flu symptoms — fever, cough, sore throat, body aces, headache, chills and fatigue — rose from 157 the last week of December, and the total hospitalization since the start of this flu season in October is 654, the department said.

Some people also experience vomiting or diarrhea, according to the CDC. Most people recover in several days to less than two weeks. Children and the elderly are most susceptible to complications of the flu.

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said flu activity across the country is expected to continue to rise for at least several weeks. Flu season generally lasts through May, and hospitalizations generally peak between December and February, the department said.

Influenza vaccination is the safest and most effective way to prevent the flu in people older than 6 months, the department said. Other ways to avoid it include washing hands, using alcohol-based hand sanitizer, covering coughs and sneezes, avoid touching eyes, noses and mouths, and staying home when sick until you are fever free for 24 hours without using fever-reducing medicines.

"There are no flu vaccine shortages across Ohio," said Sietske de Fijter, chief of the Bureau of Infectious Diseases for the department. "The short time it will take to get a flu vaccine is much less than the time it will take you to recover from the flu."

The department doesn't track the number of aldut flu deaths.

There were 3,691 hospitalizations for flu-like symptoms during the last flu season, according to the state.

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It happened to me. I can’t get them any more…permanent nerve damage from my knees down and in my hands..thank god im not in a wheel chair but its hard having problems that people cant physically see….i had to call out of work yesterday because my legs didn’t want to work…yet i look like a normal 25 year old guy….that’s what makes it hard …people just dont understand because they cant see it – John

My dad received his one and only flu vaccine at the age of 62 and two weeks later he was paralyzed from the waist down and was diagnosed with GBS. Very, very, very scary. He was in the hospital for 4 months and had OT and PT to learn how to walk again and just simple things that we take for granted. This stuff is no joke. – Shalia

Lost my Aunt last year as a result of the flu shot. She developed GBS in January and died mother’s day. – Wanda

I got Guillain Barre from the flu shot while I was pregnant. Doctors said I’d never walk again. I proved them wrong. – Nafie

Flu and Flu Vaccines:
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Think you have HIV? The only way to tell is to get an HIV test, but here are some possible symptoms.

Photo: Getty Images

Within a month or two of HIV entering the body, 40% to 90% of people experience flulike symptoms known as acute retroviral syndrome (ARS).

But sometimes HIV symptoms don't appear for years—sometimes even a decade—after infection.

"In the early stages of HIV infection, the most common symptoms are none," says Michael Horberg, MD, director of HIV/AIDS for Kaiser Permanente, in Oakland, Calif. One in five people in the United States with HIV doesn't know they have it, which is why it's so important to get tested, especially if you have unprotected sex with more than one partner or use intravenous drugs.

Here are some signs that you may be HIV-positive.

Photo: Getty Images

One of the first signs of ARS can be a mild fever, up to about 102 degrees F.

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    Action on Human System: Irritant

    • Internal Exposure:
    • External Exposure: Slight irritant of eyes, nose, and skin
    • Chronic Exposure:

    Chemical Family: Bensoic and Benzilic Derivatives - chloramben(C), Amiben(T)


    Type of Pesticide: Insecticides, herbicides

    Action on Human System: Irritant

    • Internal Exposure:
    • External Exposure: Irritating to skin and respiratory tract
    • Chronic Exposure:

    Chemical Family: Benzonitriles - bromoxynil(C), Buctril(T)


    Type of Pesticide: Fungicides, Herbicides

    Action on Human System: Irritant

    • Internal Exposure: Moderately irritating to lungs
    • External Exposure: Moderately irritating to skin
    • Chronic Exposure:

    Chemical Family: Dithiocarbamates - mancozeb(C), Dithane M-45(T)


    Type of Pesticide: Herbicides, fungicides

    Action on Human System: Do not inhibit cholinesterase; mild irritants.

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    Die Grippe stellte als Pandemie mehrfach ein schwerwiegendes historisches Geschehen dar. Den schwersten Verlauf zeigte die Spanische Grippe von 1918/1919, die ihren Ursprung vermutlich 1918 in einem Soldatencamp im amerikanischen Staat Kansas hatte. Es ist anzunehmen, dass die Influenza mit amerikanischen Truppentransporten nach Frankreich gelangte und sich von dort aus über Deutschland weiter nach Spanien verbreitete.

    Ihre Bezeichnung erhielt die Spanische Grippe, da die ersten Nachrichten über diese Pandemie aus Spanien kamen. Weltweit waren damals etwa 500 Millionen Menschen von der Influenza betroffen. Wahrscheinlich starben etwa 25 bis 40 Millionen Menschen an der Spanischen Grippe, wobei die Todesopfer vor allem jüngere Menschen im Alter von 20 bis 30 Jahren und überwiegend Frauen waren.

    Im Vergleich dazu nahm die Asiatische Grippe im Winter 1957/1958 einen weniger schweren Verlauf: Sie forderte etwa 1 bis 1,5 Millionen Todesopfer. Allein in Deutschland starben damals infolge der Influenza ungefähr 30.000 Menschen. Die Hongkong-Grippe (1968/1969) kostete zusammen mit der Russischen Grippe von 1977 etwa 1,5 Millionen Menschenleben.

    Die jüngste Grippe-Pandemie geht auf das Konto der sogenannten Schweinegrippe (auch Neue Grippe oder Neue Influenza A/H1N1 genannt): Sie trat erstmals im April 2009 in Mexiko auf und hat sich seitdem in der ganzen Welt verbreitet. Mit bislang knapp über 18.000 registrierten Todesfällen weltweit verlief diese Grippewelle jedoch vergleichsweise milde. Im August 2010 erklärte die Weltgesundheitsorganisation (WHO) die Pandemie offiziell für beendet.

    Einer Grippe (Influenza) können Sie vorbeugen, indem Sie sich impfen lassen. Der optimale Zeitpunkt für die Grippeschutzimpfung liegt vor Beginn der Grippesaison – also im Zeitraum von Oktober bis November. Zum langfristigen Schutz ist es ratsam, sich jedes Jahr erneut impfen zu lassen.

    Mit der Impfung gegen Grippe können gesunde Menschen unter 60 Jahren das Erkrankungsrisiko deutlich senken oder aber zumindest erreichen, dass die Influenza bei ihnen milde und komplikationsarm verläuft. Bei Menschen höheren Alters hingegen ist die Schutzwirkung geringer. Trotzdem ist es auch – oder gerade – für über 60-Jährige wichtig, sich jedes Jahr gegen Grippe impfen zu lassen, um das Risiko für eine schwere Grippeerkrankung gering zu halten.

    Die Impfung gegen Grippe jährlich erneuern zu lassen ist deshalb ratsam, da die Grippeviren ständig ihre Struktur ändern und Sie deshalb trotz Impfung in der nächsten Grippesaison nicht mehr ausreichend geschützt sind. Die empfohlenen Impfstoffe enthalten eine Mischung, die gegen verschiedene Grippeviren wirksam sind. Die Grippeimpfung kann aber nur der Influenza vorbeugen: Ein grippaler Infekt (Erkältung) lässt sich mit einem Grippeimpfstoff nicht verhindern.

    Für folgende Personengruppen gilt die vorbeugende Impfung gegen Grippe als besonders empfehlenswert:

    • für Personen über 60 Jahre
    • für Schwangere ab dem zweiten Schwangerschaftsdrittel (bei erhöhter Gesundheitsgefahr wegen einer anderen Grunderkrankung ab dem ersten Schwangerschaftsdrittel)
    • für Kinder, Jugendliche und Erwachsene mit einer erhöhten gesundheitlichen Gefährdung infolge eines Grundleidens wie chronische Lungenerkrankungen, Herz-Kreislauf-Erkrankungen, Lebererkrankungen und Nierenerkrankungen, Diabetes und andere Stoffwechselkrankheiten, chronischen neurologischen Erkrankungen wie multiple Sklerose, Immunschwäche, HIV-Infektion
    • für Bewohner von Alters- oder Pflegeheimen
    • für Menschen mit erhöhtem Ansteckungsrisiko, zum Beispiel medizinisches Personal oder Personen in Einrichtungen mit umfangreichem Publikumsverkehr
    • für jeden, der Menschen mit erhöhtem Gesundheitsrisiko betreut und diese so im Fall einer Infektion anstecken könnte,
    • für Menschen mit direktem Kontakt zu Geflügel und Wildvögeln (schützt zwar nicht vor der Vogelgrippe, kann aber einer gleichzeitigen Infektion durch menschliche Grippeviren und Vogelgrippeviren vorbeugen)
    • für jeden, wenn (aufgrund von Erfahrungen in anderen Ländern) eine Grippeepidemie oder ein neuer Virustyp zu erwarten ist und hierfür schon ein Grippeimpfstoff zur Verfügung steht

    In einigen Fällen kommen auch sogenannte Neuraminidasehemmer vorbeugend gegen Grippe zum Einsatz: Manche Ärzte halten eine Behandlung mit diesen Medikamenten zum Beispiel für sinnvoll, wenn wegen einer Vorerkrankung eine Schutzimpfung nicht möglich ist oder wenn (z.B. wegen eines geschwächten Immunsystems) nur ein geringer Impfschutz gegen Influenza besteht.

    Auch für bestimmte Personengruppen (wie medizinisches Personal) können diese Wirkstoffe in Betracht kommen – zum Beispiel wenn ein wirksamer Impfstoff gegen ein neues Grippevirus (noch) fehlt. Um der Virusgrippe vorzubeugen, ist jedoch die Grippeimpfung die Maßnahme der ersten Wahl.

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    Just wondering if your neck pain went away? I was only on 10mg of lexapro for 7 weeks, and now have neck and shoulder stiffness with being on this drug and coming off of it.

    To Denice and others with neck pain.

    I am so happy someone finally mentioned the neck pain! I am being weaned off Lexapro, too. I also have fibromyalgia.. I always thought the Lexapro helped me control my fibro pain as much as helped with depression. As I am discontining the Lexapro, my fibro pain has increased. BUT now I also have a severe "pins and needles" neck pain, almost like a herniated disc. Is this the type pain you are speaking of?

    If this is all part of the withdrawl, I will deal with it as well as all the other withdrawal symptoms. But this one hell of a ride I never want to experience again.

    I have been taking Lexapro for about 10 years because I have depression. my doctor wants me so stop taking it and put me on something else because I now have I also have P.D.S.D now. do you know if I will go crazy and bring my self to the edge of suicide like I was before I was taking it.

    My primary care doctor started me on 10mg Lexapro. I had numerous side effects, which included an intense hot flash in the first week or so of taking the medicine. I also had 3 itchy welts form on my chest region, the doctor told me to stop taking the Lexapro after I told him about the itchy welts. I felt tingling and electric type shocking throughout my body. I couldn't sleep well at times, and had some very intense scary thoughts and heightened sensation to commit suicide. After noticing the itchy welts, I decided to stop the Lexapro. It made me feel the way I hoped it would a good bit of the time, but it was not worth all the other feelings it induced. I cut back to 5mg for the last week to taper myself off, knowing that was the best way to stop meds. I told my doctor about the itchy welts after I dropped to the 5mg the last week, that's when he told me to stop taking the Lexapro. I said (knowing I already had begun that process) should I quit slowly, he said no, stop it immediately. I am afraid to take any medications these days, I have trouble with the trusting, especially considering the precarious side effects. I hope this was helpful in some small way.

    I was recently switched from Prozac to lexapro. About three months. My dr recently upped my dose from 10mg to 20mg even after I told him how itchy and restless I've become. I am covered in hives daily. Feel like I can't relax and constantly shake my leg or foot.. Thought I was just crazy until reading these posts! I have literally scratched my arms legs and hands raw. Grrrrrrrr!! And the dreams are the worst to boot. Now reading about the withdrawal symptoms scares me. Facing a lot in my life soon and really need the extra help, but not sure what to do now.

    I was on lexapro for about a year. It really helped my anxiety but the downside was I gained 25 pounds. I was constantly eating when I was not hungry and craving sweets. I had no energy to do anything and would come home from work and by go to the sofa. I finally decided I couldn't gain anymore weight and discussed it with my Dr. He advised I wean off of it gradually. I was on 20mg and instead of taking it every day I took it every other day for 3 weeks. Then I dropped it to 10 mg every other day for a week. I was ok for about 5 days. Then I started crying over nothing and getting irritable. Then it got worse. I was blowing up screaming at my husband over things that would normally not bother me. Having temper fits, throwing things, or sobbing over the least little stress. I have a long commute to work and road rage was scary. After a week of this I went back to Dr.and he put me on low dose of Welbutrin to be increased after 2 weeks. After a few days I started to calm down some. After 10 days I still cry easily and get irritated with any little stress but I am able to control myself.

    I took 10mg of lexapro for 7 years for panic attacks.Except for 13 pounds of weight gain I felt great.

    Six month ago I decided wean of to loose the weight.No problem!

    I lost my excess weight within 3 weeks and felt great without any side effects.That lasted 4 month and when my brother died 2 month ago my panic attacks came back worse than ever.

    After weeks of misery I am back on lexapro and feel good again.

    I guess I will take it for the rest of my live.

    After becoming rather sick I visited an urgent care facility where the doctor, without notifying her of my past diagnosis of depression and GAD, prescribed me a prescription of a months worth of 20mg Lexapro. I am newish to the area and have a hard time actually sitting down and doing things like finding a primary care physician or psychiatrist so I have neither at the moment sadly. After finally finding a doctor the earliest they can get me in is July, needless to say I can barely function around people. I am an emotional mess, I constantly get dizzy and the frequency of the brain zaps is almost debilitating. I have almost been getting random numbness and a needle like sensation throughout my left side of my body. I also haven't slept well in the past week since the end of my prescription. If I had known I wouldn't have been able to find a doctor with earlier openings I wouldn't have started taking it. This is ridiculous and I can barely function at work due to the withdrawals symptoms, which have also put a strain on my relationships with my significant other as well as my roommates.

    I have been taking Lexapro 20 mg for about 9 years. I began experiencing extreme irritability, anger and frustration. My doctor began weaning me off and adding Zoloft. That didn't work. Now my doctor is taking me down to 10 mg every day and 100 Wellbutrin. The ringing in my head is horrible. It hasn't stopped for 2 weeks. Has anyone else experienced this withdrawal symptom?

  • vente actonel 75 mg

    But sometimes acid reflux symptoms are less than obvious or easy to mistake for something else.

    If left untreated, heartburn can lead to Barrett's esophagus, which is a precursor to cancer, says Timothy Pfanner, MD, assistant professor of internal medicine at Texas A&M Health Science Center College of Medicine, in College Station.

    Here are some symptoms—both common and unusual—that could mean you have acid reflux.

    Photo: Getty Images

    Chest pain, which occurs because stomach acid is splashing into the esophagus, is a classic acid reflux symptom. But the pain can last longer and be more intense than expected. Many people mistake heartburn for a heart attack. You can never ignore chest pain, especially if it gets worse when you exercise or exert yourself. (Check out Heartburn or Heart Attack? How to Tell the Difference.)

    If you're having chest pain, check with your doctor to make sure you're not having a heart attack, says Walter J. Coyle, MD, gastroenterologist with Scripps Clinic Torrey Pines in La Jolla, Calif.

    Photo: Getty Images

    The acid that is supposed to stay in your stomach is more likely to escape into your esophagus when you lie down or bend over, causing heartburn.

    "If you're sitting up straight, gravity helps keep food in the stomach," says Dr. Coyle. "If you lose the gravity, you're more prone to reflux."

    That's why people with chronic heartburn raise the head of their bed, and why they shouldn't eat big meals right before bedtime.

    Photo: Getty Images