* Exercise regularly for at least 30 minutes a day on most days of the week.

o Lots of fruits, vegetables, grains, and fat-free or low-fat milk and milk products (heart-healthy foods)
o Lean meats, poultry, fish, beans, eggs, and nuts
o Limited amounts of foods with saturated fats, trans fats, cholesterol, sodium (salt), and added sugars.

* Limit your intake of alcohol.

I tried to do the interaction checker 4 u but u will have to do it, zoloft is sertraline add lamictal, zoloft and ativan it will tell you all the interactions its very simple if u have any problems let me know ok (interactions checker)

Asian influenza, commonly known as the Asian flu, is a viral respiratory illness caused by the H2N2 strain of Type A influenza. The H2N2 Asian flu is the result of avian influenza — that is, a flu normally found in birds — crossed with a human influenza virus. The Asian flu results in symptoms similar to many other strains of influenza, including fever, body aches, chills, cough, weakness, and loss of appetite. The Asian flu was responsible for a Category 2 flu pandemic from 1956 to 1958, meaning that it was a worldwide spread of the virus with a case-to-fatality ratio between 0.1 and 0.5 percent. H2N2 became extinct in the wild circa 1968.

Influenza is an illness caused by many subtypes that can change, mutate, and cross with other strains. Occasionally a bird or animal flu can reassort its genetic material, cross the animal-human species barrier, and begin infecting the human population. The H2N2 Asian flu was the result of a cross between a virus found in wild ducks and a human influenza virus.

Asian flu causes many of the symptoms commonly reported in an influenza virus. Influenza is a respiratory illness, so a dry cough, sore throat, and difficulty breathing are all widely reported among flu sufferers. Influenza usually results in a high fever and body aches or chills. An individual might have no appetite and subsequently lose weight. Recovery from the H2N2 can take many weeks; complications include pneumonia, seizures, heart failure, and death.

Asian influenza caused a worldwide pandemic in 1956, when the virus jumped from ducks to humans and then began human-to-human transmission. It originated in the province of Guizhou, China, and traveled to Singapore and Hong Kong. From there, the Asian influenza virus spread to the rest of the world. Although the illness infected humans across the globe, it remained a relatively mild pandemic and is rated as a Category 2 on the U.S. Centers for Disease Control Pandemic Severity Index Chart. This chart rates pandemic flu from one to five — mild to severe — according to the number of influenza deaths reported in the U.S.

A vaccine for H2N2 was introduced in 1957, and the pandemic slowed down. There was a second wave in 1958, and H2N2 went on to become part of the regular wave of seasonal flu. In 1968, the H2N2 Asian flu disappeared from the human population and is believed to have gone extinct in the wild. Vials of H2N2 influenza remain in laboratories across the world.

6) How come I get the flu after Thanksgiving?

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Influenza A symptoms include fever, headache, muscle aches, fatigue, sneezing, coughing, and runny nose. Influenza virus type A is the most common type of the flu, and its symptoms are typically more severe than symptoms of type B or type C. Influenza A symptoms are similar to the symptoms of a cold, except that fever is rare with a cold and common with the flu. Flu symptoms tend to be more severe than cold symptoms, as well. Flu symptoms also tend to come on very quickly.

The best way to prevent influenza virus type A is to get a flu shot. Despite what some people think, you cannot get the flu from getting a flu shot because the shot is not made from live virus. Some people may have a minor reaction to the shot, though, that can cause some flu-like symptoms like muscle aches and a low fever. Such reactions are relatively rare, though. Getting a flu shot does not guarantee you won't catch the flu anyway, but it definitely lowers your risk significantly.

The next best way to prevent the flu is to wash your hands a lot with soap and water, especially when you've been around someone who is sick. But since you might not always know when you've been around someone with the flu, frequent washing all the time is your best bet.

There is a homeopathic remedy you can take to help prevent the flu. It is called Instant Immunity, and we'll tell you more about that in a moment.

Some people take extra vitamin C to help prevent or treat the flu, but there is no evidence that this actually works.

Treatment is usually aimed at relieving influenza A symptoms. There are a variety of over-the-counter medications you can take for relief. For instance, you can take Tylenol for fever and headache, antihistamines for a runny nose, decongestants for a stuffy head, and a cough suppressant if you have a cough. These medications don't cure influenza virus type A, they just help with the symptoms. They may have side effects, such as causing drowsiness or insomnia.

There are antiviral medications that are available by prescription that may help speed the process of recovery from the flu. Doctors don't always prescribe these because flu symptoms usually go away on their own in time without treatment, but if you see your doctor for the flu you might be given a prescription. There are some side effects associated with antiviral medications. For instance, Tamiflu can cause nausea and vomiting, confusion, mental status changes, and skin reactions.

Some people prefer to use natural treatments for relief from influenza A symptoms.

There are a couple of homeopathic remedies you might want to try for dealing with influenza virus type A. Both of these products contain 100% all natural ingredients:

  • A new product that we have seen a lot of success with is Instant Immunity. It works to protect against the flu. It may also help speed recovery if you do get the flu, and can help prevent secondary complications from the flu. To learn more, just follow the link.

See a doctor in mid-fall if you want to get vaccinated against influenza virus type A. You normally don't need to see a doctor for influenza A symptoms, but if your symptoms last longer than a week, if they are really severe, if you have a very high fever, or if you have trouble breathing, you should see a doctor. In rare cases, the flu can be very serious, even deadly, so see a doctor if you have any concerns.

Patient is a certified member of
The Information Standard

Reviewed by:
Dr Sarah Jarvis MBE, 25 Sep 2017

Many viruses can cause a flu-like illness. There is usually a seasonal outbreak of flu (influenza) in the UK each winter. Flu-like illnesses typically cause a high temperature, aches and pains in muscles and joints, a cough and various other symptoms.

  • arrow-downWhat are flu and flu-like illnesses?
  • arrow-downFlu symptoms
  • arrow-downHow do you catch flu?
  • arrow-downSerious illnesses that are similar to flu
  • arrow-downFlu treatment
  • arrow-downComplications of flu

Dr Roger Henderson, GP

Flu (influenza) is caused by the influenza virus. However, many other viruses can cause an illness similar to flu. It is often difficult to say exactly which virus is causing the illness, so doctors often diagnose a flu-like illness.

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I went to an ear throat and nose specialist. I went to see him because my ears have been ringing for a few months. Also have had the same symptoms as Gwenda18. I started googling Tinnitus and saw that it might have a link with Aspertame.
I drank so much Coke Zero. Put Aspertame sweetener in my coffee everyday. The specialist didn;t mention Aspertame. He suggested I start taking Lipo=Flavonoid to see if it works.
I also have stopped using Aspertame. But everytime i eat something of drink juice. I am trying to find out what ingredience are in the food I eat. It has been a week since I stopped soda, Aspertame and coffee and suger.. I’ve been feeling super tired. Little anxiety at times. I cant sleep. But I have faith that i will get better.

Hi Giuseppe, I hope this post finds you free from the addiction of this aspartame and caffeine. My ears also ring and I was told by my ENT that it’s probably the caffeine. Have you had any luck with your ears?

Like so many, I’ve heard enough about aspartame. Enough that 2 weeks ago, I cut out all the diet/zero/max sodas I’ve been drinking for almost 20 years. I’m 44 & have chronic lower back pain, carpal tunnel, and generally sore hands, feet, ankles, knees (which I chalk up to a lifetime of poor decisions & choice of work). I work through each day, and actually feel ok some days. But- after 2 weeks, I am more sore & achy with mild headaches and often crampy/bloated feeling. Any light work has me feeling like I built the pyramids! On a hunch, I googled “Aspartame withdrawals”, Wow…
Another thing I’ve stumbled upon is “pro-biotics” and the connection with much more than diet soda! We’ve been “fed” the wrong food for decades…
Thanks so much, my eyes have been opened!
Vincent Costen

Hi. Great website and appreciate everyone’s comments and trying to help others with this aspartame poisoning and withdrawal. Doctors seem clueless. To everyone going through withdrawal … hang in there. Quit this stuff permanently. But if you’re a long term user, it may take a while. Although I’ve still got some issues, I’m 90% better than I was with various aches and pains and my sinus problems improved considerably. And my eyesight in my best eye, which had been getting blurry has improved dramatically (verified by my eye doctor), since i quit.

I posted back in early January 2014, after I had quit 3 weeks earlier, after using diet Pepsi, and Equal for about 30 years.
I finally got rid of the pinchy withdrawal headaches after about 6 weeks. But I’m still having problems completely detoxing, as I am still getting some pain in my left sinus, and behind the eye. 2 ENTs have told me it’s not a sinus problem, but actually a neurological problem … the nerves in the sinuses … quite possibly brought on by the aspartame. 90% of my initial pain and bleeding went away within a few days of quitting the aspartame. But, here I am about 10 weeks later, and it still seems to be in my sinus tissue. My sinus is the weak spot in my body so it makes sense that the aspartame poisoning settled there. I’ve tried every detox I can find but it doesn’t seem to make a difference. I’m concerned that the aspartame has caused permanent nerve damage. But I haven’t given up yet. It’s still so much better than it was. Any insights out there?

The thing that helped me get past the cravings is that I juice. I make a big batch and freeze it so I can thaw it out as I go and it lasts me a long time so I don’t have to do it daily.

It’s mainly vegetables, it has green apples because malic acid is great for your muscles, and it includes lemons and beets because they really detox your liver, which is the main filter for your body. It helps me tremendously. You can always start with just some lemon juice everyday but go slowly until you know how toxic you are and how you’re body reacts. This may sound odd, but ask your body what it wants to help it feel better and see what answer comes to mind.

I am going through detox for drinking huge amounts of diet coke and more recently coke zero. It’s painful and ugly. I’ve been drinking this stuff on and off for 20 years and after seeing a blog about the effects of aspartame poisoning I realised that was where I was at. I feel awful, but my will to get better is stronger.
My symptoms are headaches, fatigue, joint pain, stomach cramping, nausea, dizziness, confusion and I feel really slow! It’s just hideous but I want to be well and I WILL be well. Thanks, Monique.

I quit Diet Coke in September after drinking it for 30+ years every day. I went through the same type withdrawals you are experiencing. I would recommend purchasing Sonne’s No. 7 Detoxificant (main ingredient bentonite clay) and Psyllium Husk. The stomach cramping and nausea went about within 14 hours of taking. It will make you feel so much better!

Good luck and stay determined!

If you stick with it through all the pain and tiredness, it will be well worth it. I can sympathize with you. I went through the same withdrawal for 4 weeks. My best friend was orange juice … As odd as that might sound.

I recently was diagnosed with low white blood cell count, I have been drinking, Tab, Diet Coke and Coke Zero for over 25 years maybe more. Does anyone know if this can contribute to low white blood cell count? I have gone cold turkey for the last 2.5 weeks and feel much better. I am having tests to see why my white cells are low..in the mean time I would love to hear from anyone who has or had this problem.
Good luck to you all, Gwenda

I haven’t had that problem… that I know of, but I do know my immune system is struggling because I’ve been told I’m a slow healer. Please let us know what you find out. Since I’ve been off of aspartame (I was a Tab drinker – Tab at least has less aspartame but even at a lower dosage over the years has caused a lot of the symptoms everyone else is healing from) for 4 months now and it is slow going, but I am improving, and am very grateful for that.

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He was reassured that these symptoms were due to his body trying to renormalize itself and eliminate the old toxins from the heart drug. Sure enough, after a few days his heartbeat became steady and regular as the drug toxins were finally eliminated.

Every drug used, whether legal or illegal, leaves its mark upon the body. As the body regains health, the drug deposits are put into circulation for elimination. Since a combination of past drug deposits may enter the Bloodstream at once disconcerting symptoms may arise. Drug detoxification can be a lengthy process, but it will be aided by fasting and a diet high in fresh fruits.

Be forewarned: Old drugs that were taken even many years ago may reappear in the bloodstream as they leave fatty tissues and the organs. Drug toxin elimination may express itself in a series of rashes as they leave the body through the skin.

Heavy smokers or coffee drinkers may experience similar symptoms when they withdraw from their drug. Nervous irritability and emotional outbreaks are common symptoms of these drug addicts when they are detoxifying.

Nicotine and caffeine damage the nervous system and upset the vascular system, so symptoms such as headaches, edginess, and extreme lassitude may be expected. Such symptoms from these drugs usually lessen after three to ten days.

Once salt use is stopped and the health improves, old salt deposits in the body exit through the skin and kidneys. Sometimes the elimination is so intense that a person may have a continual salty taste in the mouth for days. The skin may become crusted with salt or it may smell of the particular condiment that is being eliminated (such as onions, peppers, or vinegar).

In Mexico, corpses have been found in the desert that were untouched by buzzards and hyenas. The reason? The people had eaten such large quantities of hot peppers all their lives that their skins were actually too spicy for the scavengers to eat. Condiments can never be used by the body, and so they must either be stored or eliminated when the health is improved.

Salt elimination may also cause a temporary rise in blood pressure. People who go on salt-free diets may actually experience a slight increase in their blood pressure as the heavy elimination of salt begins. Later the blood pressure renormalizes itself and eventually becomes below the norm on a salt-free diet.

Eliminating sugar from the diet may make a person feel slightly nervous and hyperactive until the energy levels adjust to a sugar-free diet.

Mood changes, however, are usually more noticeable than any physical symptoms when sugar is eliminated. Reformed sugar addicts may feel periods of unaccountable depression as their blood sugar level tries to right itself. Getting off the sugar roller coaster, with its rapid rises and falls in blood sugar levels, is easier when a diet high in raw foods is followed. Such a diet renormalizes blood sugar levels and promotes tranquility of emotions.

Almost every person is poisoned by deposits of heavy metals in the body. Lead, aluminum, copper and arsenic collect in organs throughout the body. Because of their heavy weight, they are difficult to eliminate, and may cause discomfort as they leave the body.

Lead enters the body through auto exhaust, paints and canned foods. Aluminum may come from preparing or storing food in aluminum containers. Arsenic is present on sprayed foods, and so on.

Since these metals are heavy, they, tend to remain in the body until a cleansing diet or fast is followed. As these metals come out, headaches and a general achiness all through the body may occur. The gums may hurt and the kidneys may throb as these metals leave the organs and bones.

Occasionally, you can actually taste the metal that is being eliminated. Lead, especially often leaves a metallic taste on the tongue when it is leaving the body.

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Believe in yourself ladies, find an ob/gyn who offers saliva testing. Blood testing will do, but it is not as sensitive or as accurate. Never take synthetic hormones such as birth control. Bioidentical creams or pills are an exact replica of what the body makes, and this is the only way to heal the problem. Good luck to all, and God bless you.

36) It is always the same answer: "go see the doctor, ask the doctor." I do not think they are educated enough or do not want to be to help with balancing hormones. It seems that, at least with my experience, they are more interested in doing the surgery than recommend any over the counter progesterone creams, since the surgery gives them more money.

When I went to my female doctor, she checked my hormones (not on certain days), but my low progesterone did not bother her. She wanted to run more expensive and involved tests. I asked her if she planned to help me with my symptoms (which were all indicating low progesterone and explained by fibroid that I have). She just wanted more tests. Based on those, the only solutions on her list were different types of surgery.

I looked online and decided to just give natural progesterone cream a try. All of my problems are gone or almost gone. It would be very nice if any doctor could educate me on that and keep an eye on the level of my progesterone (which I do not even know since it was not checked properly), but I am doing the best I can.

Shame on you doctors. Educate yourselves to help people. That is your job! You are the ones who are supposed to educate women on all of our options, not chat blogs on internet.

By the way, I changed the doctor for a male and he is more open minded about progesterone cream, but let me experiment with the amount of it myself.

35) Update from anon303795, post 34: It has been less than two weeks since I wrote my original post, so I will update.

I started taking 1000 mg of calcium, 4,000 mg of vitamin D, 500 mg. of magnesium, one Indole Forte, and half an Iodoralm plus daily probiotics. I have to say, I immediately started feeling less body, muscle and bone pain! I sleep better also. Along with these vitamins, I still take my synthroid in the morning for my thyroid, one melatonin at night to help with sleep, and I also take one amitriptyline (20 mg antidepressant) at night. These, I have taken for a few years now. The vitamins are newly added and in higher doses, and I feel so much better!

I still have two other vitamins to start taking, which are methyl balance and ProEPA for my inherited MTHFR gene mutation, but I cannot start these until after I finish the radiation therapy for breast cancer. I have 3 more weeks. But I just want to stress to all reading this post to find yourself a good doctor who is willing to test all levels of everything in your body and go over each individually. Once you get results from that, you can find what supplements/vitamins/minerals your body needs and get the proper doses to help alleviate some of the pain and misery we woman deal with on a daily basis.

I also plan to start working on my hormonal imbalance with bioidentical hormones with this holistic doctor in a few weeks, again, once the breast cancer process is completed.

I'm sure once I get that balanced, I will feel even better! I'm still irritated that I have to pay for all this out of my pocket when I have worked for a major corporation for 28 years and paid into full medical benefits for that long. But again, insurance feels that traditional medicine is the answer for everyone, when in fact, I have full proof, based on the years of misery I have suffered, that it does not work for me and that if I just had one of the 15 different traditional doctors I visited, recommend to me to increase vitamins/supplements/hormones, and test me on these levels, I would not have suffered for years in pain and may not have had a lot of the surgeries/breast cancer, that I have had to battle!

34) I just recently found out that my progesterone did not even register on the chart, it was so low! I have been going to doctors (9 of them total) for 15 years to try and get help. I found I had low thyroid 16 years ago and went on Synthroid. I also had horrible periods since age 13 when I started. I was put on birth control at age 16 to help regulate my cycle and help with the cramps and clotting. I was on birth control, on and off, for about 20 years.

I managed to get pregnant with my first child very easily. I did not go back on birth control after and it took me five years to gget pregnant with my second child and I had to take fertility drugs (clomid). At age 40, I stopped all birth control because I was tired of feeling horrible almost my entire adult life. I was diagnosed with Fibromyalgia and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome a few years ago.

I am 48 years old now. I cannot remember when I last had a solid night of sleep, my body is in constant pain from head to toe and I have IBS. I have gained/lost up to 30-50 pounds over the years with dieting, but seem to always gain the weight back. I have had horrible brain fog and on some days I feel like a zombie just walking or driving the earth! It's been hell!

I had a hysterectomy five years ago because I had a cyst as big as a grapefruit on my ovary. I still have one ovary left. Last August, I was diagnosed with breast cancer and I am currently going through radiation treatments for that. I did find my lump early on and it had not spread to the lymph nodes but I still had surgery to remove the tumor and now radiation. Chemo was not necessary since I caught it early on.

I recently found a female doctor who is more into the natural approach of treating the female body. She took nine tubes of blood from me and also had me collect my urine and bowel for 24 hours to send off for testing. I found out my estrogen is low and my testosterone did not even register, it was so low. I also found out that I am vitamin D deficient, calcium deficient, magnesium deficient, and that I have inherited a mutation gene from my parents for MTHFR, which is a lack of folate that can cause coronary heart disease/heart attack and stroke! She put me on a vitamin called Methyl Balance that she said I should stay on for life and said my sons should have blood work done to see if they have inherited the gene also.

I also found out that my T4 for thyroid is not producing T3, and you need both to balance your thyroid levels. I will work to balance my hormones later, after I finish my breast cancer treatment. I truly believe is what caused me to get breast cancer in the first place: I am estrogen positive, and I believe it caused the cyst that led me to hysterectomy. I also believe this is why I had difficulty getting pregnant with my second child and probably the cause many years ago of irregular and painful periods.

I have been to nine different doctors over the last 15 years and no other doctor has been able, nor has taken the time, to help me. I have about 15 different bottles of prescription drugs that were prescribed to me but I have taken hardly any of them, or I would try them and find the side effects were worse than the illness. Unfortunately, my insurance does not cover the holistic MD I found, I have worked for the same employer for 28 years paying for medical insurance, and when I finally found a doctor who could help me, they will not pay for her, or for all the vitamins she has prescribed for me. This is frustrating and does not make sense!

33) I had many of the symptoms everyone here has mentioned and can't finish my degree due to all of this. My symptoms began five years ago and I'm now 49.

At the insistence of my chiropractor, I sought help from a functional medicine DO. Has been a tremendous help. My progesterone is 17, and I have low thyroid and adrenals, plus I'm not absorbing vitamins and nutrients.

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Budesonide 1,600 mcg by MDI with nebuhaler and face mask for first three days, then 800 mcg for another seven days

Total of 10 days

Two to five years

Six to 11 years

Nasal irrigation with saline17

Six to 10 years

3 to 9 mL per nostril

Up to three weeks

Pelargonium sidoides (geranium) extract (Umcka Coldcare)18

One to 18 years

10 to 30 drops (depending on age)

Two to five years

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Cocaine was introduced to many Americans as an ingredient, combined with African kola, in the popular soft drink Coca-Cola in 1886. During this era, cocaine was strongly endorsed by the medical community and could be found in many over the counter tonics and elixirs.

The largely unregulated use of cocaine led to an unforeseen epidemic of cocaine addiction in America. Estimates from 1902 claim 200,000 had become addicted to cocaine and by 1907 U.S. coca leaf imports had increased three-fold since the turn of the century.

The Harrison Narcotic Act of 1914 outlawed the use of cocaine in the U.S. and its popularity decreased until the 1970s, as many again doubted its addictiveness. Cocaine continued to be seen as a relatively harmless recreational drug until the mid-1980s and the arrival of crack cocaine (A Social History).

Withdrawal from Cocaine

Crack, a solid form of cocaine which is typically smoked, emerged as a stronger, cheaper alternative for powder cocaine in the mid-1980s. Crack provides an immediate, short, intense high and is extremely addictive. The crack epidemic is tied to an increase of addiction, a rise in crime rates, and instances of severe physiological damage in babies born to crack users. Punishment relating to crimes associated with crack versus punishment associated with powder cocaine is a constant source of debate and controversy in the U.S. (qtd fm, Fryer R, Heaton P, et al.)

According to the American Psychiatric Association’s Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Dependence upon cocaine is evident if three of the following criteria are met:

  • Developing tolerance to the euphoric effects of cocaine and requiring more drug to produce the desired effects.
  • Stopping cocaine usually results in withdrawal symptoms (such as fatigue, sleep disturbances, agitation, or depression), and these symptoms can be relieved by using cocaine again.
  • Using cocaine in large amounts whenever it is available. (Seldom do people save some for later.)
  • Inability to successfully reduce the amount of cocaine one is using.
  • Spending a great deal of time and energy obtaining and using cocaine, which isolates one from friends and family, and/or engaging in unlawful activities such as shoplifting, theft, burglary, or homicide to obtain money to buy cocaine.
  • Inability to successfully maintain employment while using cocaine because of ineffectiveness at work, increased absenteeism, inability to hold a job, or inability to find work.
  • Continually using cocaine despite knowing one will develop mental symptoms, such as paranoia, hallucinations, and delusions, and/or continually using cocaine despite medical consequences, such as weight loss, anemia, or seizures (qtd fm, Morton W).

Due to the intense “rewards” provided by cocaine, attempts at recovery from cocaine addiction can be extremely challenging. Among the challenges, upon cessation of use, are the withdrawal symptoms.

Typically, an extended cocaine binge is followed by a devastating crash and an intense craving for more cocaine. Because the physical withdrawal symptoms associated with cocaine addiction differ from the of heroin or alcohol (vomiting, shaking, etc…), the severity of cocaine addiction is often underestimated. More a psychological addiction, cocaine dependence clearly qualifies as an addiction when defined as: “a desire for more of the drug, despite negative consequences” (Cocaine Withdrawal).

  • Agitation and restless behavior
  • Depressed mood
  • Fatigue
  • Generalized malaise
  • Increased appetite
  • Vivid and unpleasant dreams
  • Slowing of activity (Cocaine Withdrawal)

Despite the fact that continued cocaine use becomes less and less pleasant for the addict (increased paranoia, depression, and fear; rather than euphoria), craving for more cocaine remains intense. Following cessation, these psychological cravings can last for months. Suicidal thoughts are often experienced during the withdrawal process.

Intense craving, depression, general malaise, and agitation typical of cocaine withdrawal are considered as powerful as similar withdrawal symptoms associated with alcohol and heroin withdrawal. The debilitating effects of these symptoms are often what lead the individual back to using cocaine.

While the physical symptoms associated with cocaine withdrawal may be milder than those of alcohol or heroin abuse, withdrawal from any long-term substance use should be taken very serious. Although cocaine withdrawal symptoms generally ease and go away with time, often the cocaine abuser will begin using and abusing other substances such as alcohol and benzodiazepines to ease the discomfort. The risk of suicide and/or overdose is ever-present with this type of withdrawal strategy.

Cocaine addiction is often paired with coexisting psychiatric disorders such as depression and bi-polar disorder. Whether these conditions are preexisting or cocaine induced; treatment of these disorders has proven to be highly necessary in the recovery of the cocaine addict. While no drug has been found to be effective in curbing the intense cravings of withdrawal, pharmacologic treatment of coexisting psychiatric disorders has proven to be highly effective (Morton, W).

Cocaine, largely considered a relatively harmless recreational drug until the mid-1980s and the emergence of crack; has proven to be anything but harmless. Crack cocaine has been proven to be a correlate with crime, violence, poverty, broken homes, birth defects, etc… Despite the absence of physical withdrawal symptoms, the psychological pull of cocaine makes recovery from cocaine addiction a difficult, but possible, challenge. According to experts in the field of recovery, the only sure way to avoid becoming addicted to cocaine is to stay away from cocaine entirely.

Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a serious condition that can lead to diabetic coma (passing out for a long time) or even death.

When your cells don't get the glucose they need for energy, your body begins to burn fat for energy, which produces ketones. Ketones are chemicals that the body creates when it breaks down fat to use for energy. The body does this when it doesn’t have enough insulin to use glucose, the body’s normal source of energy. When ketones build up in the blood, they make it more acidic. They are a warning sign that your diabetes is out of control or that you are getting sick.

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    The parainfluenza virus is often referred to by other names, such as canine influenza virus, greyhound disease and race flu. This virus used to affect only horses and is believed to have adapted to become contagious to dogs as well. Currently, no other species are at risk of this particular strain of the virus. Parainfluenza virus is easily spread from dog to dog and causes symptoms which may become fatal. The highest instances of this respiratory infection are seen in areas with high dog populations, such as race tracks, boarding kennels and pet stores, but it remains highly contagious to any dog of any age.

    Symptoms of parainfluenza virus include many general symptoms seen in other infections, viruses and diseases. Symptoms can vary in intensity and commonly affect younger puppies and aging dogs the worst. This virus is commonly mistaken for kennel cough, as the symptoms between the two are similar. It's important to keep in mind that kennel cough usually produces no additional symptoms, other than the cough. Symptoms to look for when parainfluenza virus is suspected are as follows:

    • Dry or hacking cough that may worsen with activity
    • Fever
    • Difficulty with breathing, wheezing
    • Runny nose
    • Sneezing
    • Runny eyes, eye inflammation or conjunctivitis
    • Possible pneumonia with depression, loss of appetite and lethargy

    When parainfluenza virus is suspected but only a cough exists, certain tests will be required to differentiate between kennel cough and the more serious parainfluenza virus. A chest x-ray can help to determine the presence of pneumonia. Blood testing may also be important to rule out other possibilities and to inspect over a period of weeks to determine the actual cause of illness. Quickly discovering a proper diagnosis can be helpful when deciding if the dog must be quarantined or to begin effective treatment as soon as possible.

    Treatment options for parainfluenza virus vary based upon a number of options. One of the most important factors is to contain the virus and treat it before it can spread to other dogs. Many dogs can recover from this virus naturally, but they remain contagious and the virus can easily spread through respiratory secretions and through the air. For this reason, the virus is usually treated aggressively with antibiotics and antiviral drugs. If necessary, a cough suppressant may be used. Intravenous fluids may help to keep the dog hydrated and strengthen the immune system, preventing secondary bacterial infections or other complications.

    It's not recommended to treat parainfluenza virus in dogs from your home, but the following tips may help if you decide this is the best option for your family. Likewise, you may find this information beneficial for home care after hospitalization and treatment for the virus:

    • Limit your dog's exercise and play or rest quietly with the dog
    • Keep the dog away from other dogs in the household during treatment and for at least one week following
    • Feed soft food if throat irritation is present
    • Encourage sufficient fluid intake by providing adequate water at all times
    • Avoid exposure to loud noises, chemical fumes or other events that may cause undue stress
    • Remove collars to encourage sufficient air intake
    • Set up a humidifier

    Avian influenza (bird flu) in feral pigeons - what are the risks?

    Bird flu, fowl plague, bird influenza, Asian bird flu, HPAI, LPAI, H5N1, H7N2, H7, H5N2

    Influenza has been known about since 1878 and is caused by a type ‘A’ influenza virus. It has historically been known as ‘fowl plague’. There are three types of influenza virus: type A, type B and type C. Most forms of influenza are solely associated with humans, but the type A influenza virus has been found in pigs, horses and occasionally in birds and other mammals. Types B and C are human-specific and are not found in animals, mammals or birds. The type associated with recent outbreaks of avian influenza (bird flu) in south-east Asia is the type A influenza virus.

    Thousands of influenza viruses, belonging to many sub-types, have been found in both domesticated and wild birds all over the world. Currently, avian influenza is recognised in two forms:

    • Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI)
    • Low pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI)

    The highly pathogenic form ('pathogenic' refers to the ability of an infecting agent to produce disease - hence, a virus that is highly pathogenic is capable of producing severe disease) is the most virulent form of the disease and can spread rapidly, particularly when found in intensively farmed domestic poultry. The mortality rate for birds infected with the highly pathogenic form can be up to 100% and the disease can develop so fast that in some cases birds will die without ever having showed any signs that they had contracted the disease. The highly pathogenic form is so virulent that one gram of infected chicken excrement can contain enough highly pathogenic virus to infect 100,000 birds. Conversely, the low pathogenic form results in a milder, less significant form of the disease with infected birds rarely becoming ill or demonstrating symptoms, but they still have the potential to pass the disease on to other birds or animals. Certain low pathogenic forms can, however, mutate into highly pathogenic strains.

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    Older adults and people who have serious illnesses or weak immune systems may have fewer and milder symptoms. They may even have a lower than normal temperature. If they already have a lung disease, it may get worse. Older adults who have pneumonia sometimes have sudden changes in mental awareness.

    Often, people who have pneumonia can be successfully treated and do not have complications. Possible complications of pneumonia may include:

    • Bacteremiaand septic shock.Bacteremia is a serious complication in which bacteria from the initial site of infection spread into the blood. It may lead to septic shock, a potentially fatal complication.
    • Lung abscesses.Lung abscesses usually are treated with antibiotics. Sometimes surgery or drainage with a needle is needed to remove the pus.
    • Pleural effusions, empyema, and pleurisy. These painful or even potentially fatal complications can occur if pneumonia is not treated. The pleura is a membrane that consists of two large, thin layers of tissue. One layer wraps around the outside of your lungs and the other layer lines the inside of your chest cavity. Pleurisy is when the two layers of the pleura become irritated and inflamed, causing sharp pain each time you breathe in. The pleural space is a very thin space between the two pleura. Pleural effusions are the build-up of fluid in the pleural space. If the fluid becomes infected, it is called empyema. If this happens, you may need to have the fluid drained through a chest tube or removed with surgery.
    • Renal failure
    • Respiratory failure

    Sometimes pneumonia is hard to diagnose because it may cause symptoms commonly seen in people with colds or the flu. You may not realize it's more serious until it lasts longer than these other conditions. Your doctor will diagnose pneumonia based on your medical history, a physical exam, and test results. Your doctor may be able to diagnose you with a certain type of pneumonia based on how you got your infection and the type of germ causing your infection.

    Your doctor will ask about your signs and symptoms and how and when they began. To find out whether you have bacterial, viral, or fungal pneumonia, your doctor also may ask about:

    • Any recent traveling you've done
    • Your hobbies
    • Your exposure to animals
    • Your exposure to sick people at home, school, or work
    • Your past and current medical conditions, and whether any have gotten worse recently
    • Any medicines you take
    • Whether you smoke
    • Whether you've had flu or pneumonia vaccinations

    Your doctor will listen to your lungs with a stethoscope. If you have pneumonia, your lungs may make crackling, bubbling, and rumbling sounds when you inhale. Your doctor also may hear wheezing. Your doctor may find it hard to hear sounds of breathing in some areas of your chest.

    If your doctor thinks you have pneumonia, he or she may recommend one or more of the following tests.

    • Chest x ray to look for inflammation in your lungs. A chest x ray is the best test for diagnosing pneumonia. However, this test won't tell your doctor what kind of germ is causing the pneumonia.
    • Blood tests such as a complete blood count (CBC) to see if your immune system is actively fighting an infection.
    • Blood culture to find out whether you have a bacterial infection that has spread to your bloodstream. If so, your doctor can decide how to treat the infection.

    Your doctor may recommend other tests if you're in the hospital, have serious symptoms, are older, or have other health problems.

    • Sputum test. Your doctor may collect a sample of sputum (spit) or phlegm (slimy substance from deep in your lungs) that was produced from one of your deep coughs and send the sample to the lab for testing. This may help your doctor find out if bacteria are causing your pneumonia. Then, he or she can plan your treatment.
    • Chest computed tomography (CT) scan to see how much of your lungs is affected by your condition or to see if you have complications such as lung abscesses or pleural effusions. A CT scan shows more detail than a chest x ray.
    • Pleural fluid culture. For this test, a fluid sample is taken from the pleural space (a thin space between two layers of tissue that line the lungs and chest cavity). Doctors use a procedure called thoracentesis to collect the fluid sample. The fluid is studied for bacteria that may cause pneumonia.
    • Pulse oximetry. For this test, a small sensor is attached to your finger or ear. The sensor uses light to estimate how much oxygen is in your blood. Pneumonia can keep your lungs from moving enough oxygen into your bloodstream. If you're very sick, your doctor may need to measure the level of oxygen in your blood using a blood sample. The sample is taken from an artery, usually in your wrist. This test is called an arterial blood gas test.
    • Bronchoscopy is a procedure used to look inside the lungs' airways. If you're in the hospital and treatment with antibiotics isn't working well, your doctor may use this procedure. Your doctor passes a thin, flexible tube through your nose or mouth, down your throat, and into the airways. The tube has a light and small camera that allow your doctor to see your windpipe and airways and take pictures. Your doctor can see whether something is blocking your airways or whether another factor is contributing to your pneumonia. Your doctor may use this procedure to collect samples of fluid from the site of pneumonia (called bronchoalveolar lavage or BAL) or to take small biopsies of lung tissue to help find the cause of your pneumonia.

    Your doctor may also diagnosis you with a certain type of pneumonia. Pneumonia is named for the way in which a person gets the infection or for the germ that causes the infection.

    • Community-Acquired Pneumonia (CAP). CAP is the most common type of pneumonia and is usually caused by pneumococcus bacteria. Most cases occur during the winter. CAP occurs outside of hospitals and other health care settings. Most people get CAP by breathing in germs (especially while sleeping) that live in the mouth, nose, or throat.
    • Hospital-Acquired Pneumonia (HAP). HAP is when people catch pneumonia during a hospital stay for another illness. HAP tends to be more serious than CAP because you're already sick. Also, hospitals tend to have more germs that are resistant to antibiotics that are used to treat bacterial pneumonia.
    • Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). VAP is when people who are on a ventilator machine to help them breathe get pneumonia.
    • Atypical pneumonia. Atypical pneumonia is a type of CAP. It is caused by lung infections with less common bacteria than the pneumococcus bacteria that cause CAP. Atypical bacteria include Legionella pneumophila, Mycoplasma pneumoniae, or Chlamydia pneumoniae.
    • Aspiration pneumonia. This type of pneumonia can occur if you inhale food, drink, vomit, or saliva from your mouth into your lungs. This may happen if something disturbs your normal gag reflex, such as a brain injury, swallowing problem, or excessive use of alcohol or drugs. Aspiration pneumonia can cause lung abscesses.

    Acute chest pain and Flu-like symptoms
    Symptom Checker

    • Acute chest pain AND Flu-like symptoms - Causes of All Symptoms
    • Acute chest pain OR Flu-like symptoms - 184 causes

    Results: Causes of Acute chest pain AND Flu-like symptoms

    Note: Do not use for diagnosis; see limitations of results.

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    Herzmuskel- oder Herzbeutelentzündungen

    Die Inkubationszeit, also die Zeit von der Ansteckung bis zum Ausbruch der Grippe, beträgt zwischen 18 Stunden und drei Tagen. Bereits in dieser Zeit besteht Ansteckungsgefahr, auch wenn sich noch keine Symptome einer Grippe zeigen. Bis zu einer Woche nach der Ansteckung lassen sich bei Erwachsenen – bei Kindern bis zu zwei Wochen – noch Viren im Auswurf (Sekret) nachweisen. Selbst bei einem günstigen Verlauf und wenn die Grippebeschwerden bereits abgeklungen sind, können Betroffene noch andere Menschen mit Grippe anstecken.

    Ursache der Grippe ist eine Infektion mit Influenzaviren. Es werden drei Gruppen von Grippeviren unterschieden: Influenza A, B und C. Influenzaviren der Gruppe C bedingen nur eine milde Grippe, die häufig gar nicht als Grippe, sondern eher als Erkältung wahrgenommen wird. Viren der Gruppe B sind hingegen für die jährliche, saisonale Grippe in den nasskalten Jahreszeiten verantwortlich. Influenza-A-Viren bedingen schwere Grippeerkrankungen, die sich zu Grippewellen oder Pandemien ausweiten können.

    Die Ansteckung mit den ursächlichen Grippeerregern erfolgt sehr häufig durch Tröpfcheninfektion beim Niesen oder Husten (direkte Ansteckung). Auch über indirekten Kontakt ist eine Ansteckung mit Grippe möglich. Der Grund: Grippeviren können auch außerhalb des Körpers noch einige Tage infektiös sein. Über Handinnenflächen (nach dem Hineinniesen in die Hand) werden Grippeviren beispielsweise oft weiter verbreitet. Über Türgriffe, Tische, Haltestangen in öffentlichen Verkehrsmitteln und alle Gegenstände, die von vielen Menschen berührt werden, kann man sich deshalb mit Grippe anstecken. Die Erreger müssen dann nur noch über die eigenen Hände durch Nase und Mund in die Schleimhäute gelangen.

    Entgegen der weitverbreiteten Regel „Hand vor den Mund“ ist es sinnvoll, wenn Sie beim Niesen oder Husten den Arm vor dem Mund halten. So vermeiden Sie, dass sich andere Menschen durch indirekten Kontakt bei Ihnen mit Grippe anstecken. Außerdem vermindern Sie trotzdem das Risiko für eine Tröpfcheninfektion, da Sie nicht in den Raum husten, sondern in Ihre Armbeuge.

    Kontakt mit Influenzaviren muss nicht zwangsläufig zu einer Grippe führen. Schwere und Verlauf der Grippe sind von Mensch zu Mensch verschieden, auch wenn die Grippe durch den gleichen Erregertyp verursacht wurde. Dabei spielt auch das Immunsystem eine große Rolle. Häufig ist das Immunsystem in Stresssituationen, bei länger anhaltender, nährstoffarmer Ernährung, in der Schwangerschaft oder bei Erkrankungen geschwächt – dann hat die Grippe leichteres Spiel.

    Mit zunehmendem Alter und durchgemachten Influenza-Erkrankungen werden Sie in der Regel auch widerstandsfähiger gegen eine Grippe. Obwohl sich Grippeviren ständig verändern (sie mutieren), gibt es doch Verwandtschaften zwischen den einzelnen Typen. Ihr Immunsystem erinnert sich an die Erreger der bereits durchgemachten Grippe-Erkrankungen und baut somit eine sogenannte Teilimmunität auf. Unter Umständen kann diese Teilimmunität dazu beitragen, dass bei bestimmten Grippeviren die Grippe nicht mehr so schwer verläuft oder es gar nicht erst zum Ausbruch der Grippe kommt.

    Die Immunsysteme von Babys und Kleinkindern haben noch keine oder sehr wenige Grippe-Erkrankungen durchgemacht. Deshalb stecken sie sich auch besonders schnell mit Grippe an. Im hohen Alter nimmt der im Laufe des Lebens aufgebaute Immunschutz durch das bei alten Menschen schwächere Immunsystem wieder etwas ab, sodass die Grippe bei älteren Menschen schwerer verlaufen kann.

    Influenza-Diagnose: Andere Erkrankungen ausschließen

    Wenn Sie mit den typischen Symptomen einer Virusgrippe zum Arzt gehen, wird dieser häufig schon nach einem ausführlichen Gespräch (Anamnese) und gegebenenfalls einer körperlichen Untersuchung die Diagnose Grippe stellen. Typische Grippe-Beschwerden sind:

    Um die Grippe zweifelsfrei zu diagnostizieren, wird der Arzt bei Ihnen einen Nasen- oder Rachenabstrich durchführen. Dabei nimmt er mit einem langen Wattestäbchen von der Schleimhaut an Nase und Rachen einen Abstrich. Das mit dem Abstrich entnommene Sekret wird im Labor virologisch untersucht. Der Abstrich wird durchgeführt, wenn eine eindeutige Diagnose nötig ist, zum Beispiel bei Schwangeren oder Menschen mit einer Grunderkrankung, oder um den Virustyp eindeutig festzustellen. Das Entnehmen des Abstrichs ist etwas unangenehm, in der Regel aber nicht schmerzhaft.

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    Kozak PP, Gallup J, Cummins LH, Gillman SA. Endogenous mold exposure: environmental risk to atopic and nonatopic patients. In: Gammage RB, Kay SV (eds). Indoor Air and Human Health. Chelsea, Mich: Lewis Publishers; 1985:149-170

    Peltola J, Anderson MA, Raimo M, Mussalo-Rauhamaa H, Salkinoja-Salonen M., 1999 Membrane toxic substances in water-damaged construction materials and fungal pure cultures In: Johanning E. Bioaerosols, Fungi, Mycotoxins: Health effects, Assessment, Prevention and Control 1. New York: Eastern New York Occupational & Environmental Health Center. p 432–443

    Peraica, M.; Radic, B.; Lucic, A.; Pavlovic, M., September 1, 1999, Diseases Caused by Molds in Humans , Bulletin of the World Health Organization

    Reshetilova TA, Soloveva TF, Baskunov BP, Kozlovskii AG., 1992 Investigation of alkaloid formation by certain species of fungi of the Penicillium genus Mikrobiologiya 61:873-879

    This site is not intended to give medical advice. Seek the advice of a professional for medication, treatment options, and complete knowledge of any illness. The opinions expressed here are exclusively my personal opinions do not necessarily reflect my peers or professional affiliates. The information here does not reflect professional advice and is not intended to supersede the professional advice of others.

    ©2001-2006 Mold-Help. All rights reserved

    Amphetamine Abuse & Addiction Effects, Signs & Symptoms

    Amphetamines are a type of central nervous system stimulant. They provide a sense of increased wakefulness, energy, attention, concentration, sociability, self-confidence, improved mood, and decreased appetite. They are frequently prescribed for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in both children and adults. Amphetamines appears to have a calming effect on individuals with ADHD and sometimes afternoon sleepiness has been observed in adults with the condition. Amphetamines are also used to treat narcolepsy, treatment resistant depression and obesity. When overused these medications can be addictive. Additionally, some individuals without ADHD may use amphetamines during times when high levels of productivity are required. The increase in the ability to perform and accompanying psycho-social effects often leads these individuals to continue taking amphetamines even after the demand for productivity has passed.

    Twelve month incidence rates were estimates at.2% for both the 12 – 17 and 18 and older age groups. While these estimates were the same for both genders in the 18 and older age group for those ages 12-17, gender effects were reported with girls (.3%) having higher rates or amphetamine type stimulant disorder than males (.1%). While admissions for treatment were roughly the same for males (54%)and females (46%) who did not use the substance intravenously, male were 3-4 times more likely to use amphetamines intravenously than females. 12 month incidence rates were found to be higher among those age 18 – 29 (.4%) compared to those ages 45 – 64 (.1%). For 12-17 year olds, Amphetamine type stimulant abuse estimated prevalence rates were highest among Caucasians and African Americans (.3%), compared with Hispanics (.1%) and Asian Americans (.01%). In this age group, Amphetamine abuse was practically absent in Native Americans. In those ages 18 and above, however, the highest estimated prevalence rates were found among Native Americans and Native Alaskans (.6%) compared with Caucasians (.2%) and Hispanics (.2%). This particular type of substance abuse disorder was virtually non-existent in African Americans, Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders. Past year prevalence rates of non- medical use of amphetamines across all children through college age was estimated at 5%-9% with past year prevalence rates of the disorder estimated at 5%-35% of across all individuals of college age.

    The most frequently disorders that co-occur with stimulant use disorders are other substance abuse disorders, in particular substances with sedative properties which are commonly used to avoid the negative effects experienced when the stimulant begins to wear off. With Amphetamine abuse, the most common type of co-occurring substance abuse is marijuana. Other co-occurring disorders include:

    • Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
    • Antisocial Personality Disorder
    • Gambling Disorder
    • Neurological Disorders

    Genetic: If you have a parent with an amphetamine use problem, it is possible you inherited a susceptibility to develop the same disorder. In addition, temperament, the inherited building blocks of personality, can predispose you to develop a problem with amphetamine use. Individuals who are open to novelty, are curious and frequently experiment with ways to increase happiness, prefer feeling overactive rather than underactive, and have difficulties coping with delayed gratification are more likely than their peers to develop an amphetamine use disorder