In case your baby is suffering from a high grade fever it might point to the fact that he/she is suffering from bacteremia. Bacteremia is a health condition in which bacteria are present in the blood of the baby.
Urinary Tract Infection is a bacterial infection that can attack any portion of the urinary tract from kidneys to bladder and from ureters to urethra. A difficulty in urinating, nausea and fever are some of the symptoms that are associated with UTI.
Meningitis is caused by the inflammation of meninges which is a membrane that surrounds the brain and shields brain from outside influences. This disease is caused by either a bacterial or a viral infection. Bacterial infection is critical and can be life threatening whereas viral infection is not that severe. Most cases of meningitis are caused by viral infections and other symptoms of the condition are severe headache and a rigid neck.
Can I Use Fever-Reducing Medicine for Toddler Fever No Other Symptoms?
Whenever your child is suffering, you want to make sure that you do something urgently to relieve the symptoms at least. In case your baby is suffering from fever you can get him over the counter fever medicine to relieve his/her fever. However, there are a few things that you must consider before buying these medicines.
- The medicine cannot completely eliminate fever. You must realize that medications are just going to make your child feel better and comfortable. Acetaminophen and ibuprofen would not in any way cure your kids’ health issue. They would only bring down your kid’s temperature by one or two degrees, but would not completely eliminate fever. The reason is because fever is in fact a tool used by the body to fight infection because germs are comfortable at normal body temperature and die as temperature increases.
- Choose the suitable fever reliever. You must choose the medicine wisely for your kid. In case your baby is not more than 6 months you must not give ibuprofen to your baby, though ibuprofen is known to bring fever down much quickly. Acetaminophen is approved for such babies but it has been known to cause stomach problems for babies with delicate stomachs.
- Stick with one fever reliever. Doctors suggest that one should not mix medicine because it can result in over medication of your child. The two medicines mostly mixed are acetaminophen and ibuprofen which might be beneficial in decreasing your kids’ fever quicker, but is NOT recommended by experts.
- Read the instruction carefully. Make sure that while you are giving medicine to your child, read the labels cautiously. Also make sure that the dose you give your baby is according to the weight of your baby. Most medicines contain a dropper to give medicine to babies. The dropper of one medicine should not be used to administer dosage of another medicine.
You must take your baby to the doctor immediately if he/she is less than 2 months old. In case the baby is more than 2 months old, he/she should be taken to the physician immediately if the kid is lethargic and appears to be very ill. If your baby is finding it difficult to breathe or is bleeding from the skin, it is a sign that you must take your toddler to the doctor as soon as possible. Headache, neck stiffening or confusion are also warning signs in a baby more than 2 months old and in such a circumstance the baby should be taken to the physician. Apart from these conditions, kids should be taken to the hospital in case the fever continues for more than five days or if fever rises above 102.2 °F.
Ricarda Schwarz studierte Medizin in Würzburg, wo sie auch ihre Promotion abschloss. Nach sehr vielseitigen Aufgaben in der medizinischen praktischen Ausbildung (PJ) in Flensburg, Hamburg und Neuseeland ist sie nun in der Neuroradiologie und Radiologie der Uniklinik Tübingen tätig.
Dieser Text entspricht den Vorgaben der ärztlichen Fachliteratur, medizinischen Leitlinien sowie aktuellen Studien und wurde von Medizinern geprüft.
Die Grippe (Influenza) ist eine schwere Atemwegserkrankung, die durch Viren hervorgerufen wird. Grippe ist sehr ansteckend. Besonders in den Wintermonaten erkranken viele Menschen. Oft wird aber eine einfache Erkältung als Grippe verkannt, obwohl die Unterschiede sehr groß sind. Lesen Sie hier, welche Symptome für eine Grippe typisch sind und wie Sie sich schützen können!
- Symptome: plötzlich einsetzendes Fieber mit Schüttelfrost, Knochenschmerzen, Reizhusten, Halsschmerzen, Kopfschmerzen, manchmal Magen-Darm-Beschwerden
- Ansteckung: über feinste Tröpfchen in der Atemluft, Berührung von kontaminierten Gegenständen und Flächen
- Erreger: Influenza-A- und B-Viren, die sich schnell verändern können (daher kein bleibender Immunschutz)
- Vorbeugung: Impfung (für Risikogruppen), Kontakt mit Infizierten meiden, regelmäßiges Händewaschen
- Behandlung: nur symptomatisch mit Schmerz- und Fiebermedikamenten (Ibuprofen, Paracetamol), Bettruhe, viel trinken
- Komplikationen:Lungenentzündung, Nasennebenhöhlenentzündung, Mittelohrentzündung, Herzmuskelentzündung, Hirnhautentzündung (Meningitis)
Wer mit Husten, Schnupfen und Fieber im Bett liegt, fragt sich häufig, ob ihn eine Grippe oder eine Erkältung (grippaler Infekt) plagt. Das wichtigste Unterscheidungskriterium: Während es einem bei einer Erkältung langsam schlechter geht, überfällt einen die Grippe schlagartig.
Grippe oder Erkältung? Die wichtigsten Unterschiede
Discharge: A bloody or pustular discharge coming from the nipples often indicates breast disease such as breast cancer, according to the Mayo Clinic. The evidence of this discharge usually denotes a malignant condition that requires immediate diagnosis in order to take proper steps in treating it.
Inverted Nipples: In conjunction with other symptoms, when the nipples appear inverted or flattened, breast diseases such as inflammatory breast cancer and breast cancer may be possible. The symptom often coincides with other symptoms such as pain and swelling.
Pain: Pain in the breasts and nipples, although indicative of several conditions and issues, can be a telltale sign of breast disease. When the pain accompanies such symptoms as nipple discharge, breast swelling or lumps, contact your physician.
Peeling of Skin: Peeling or flaking of the nipple skin, in conjunction with other indicative symptoms, is symptomatic of breast cancer and inflammatory breast cancer, according to the Mayo Clinic.
Lumps: Noticeable lumps in or surrounding breast tissue, such as underneath your arms, indicate both benign and malignant breast diseases. Lumps that come and go with a woman's menstrual cycle are normal hormonal occurrences, however, when lumps don't go away it may be indicative of malignant breast disease.
Swollen Lymph Nodes: lymph nodes under your arms, in your breasts and sometimes in your neck become swollen and hard when breast disease and other conditions are apparent. Lymph nodes swell to fight off infection, which is a normal function, but when the lymph nodes continue to swell without going down, contacting your doctor is necessary to make a diagnosis.
Signs and symptoms of eye disease are not only signals that something is amiss with your vision, they could also indicate ailments in other areas of your body. Indeed, many times an ophthalmologist can diagnose signs of such ailments as diabetes by a simple eye examination. Thus paying attention your eyes give can not only save your vision, but could also possibly save your life.
Bleeding Never ignore bleeding, especially in the eyes. According to the Nethealthbook website, bleeding is always cause for alarm. It could be that a blood vessel is hemmorrhaging. In the case of a person with diabetes, it could be diabetic retinopathy, in which blood leaks from brittle vessels. If an ophthalmologist does not evaluate that condition right away, it could lead to blindness.
Blind Spots: Blind spots could be an early sign of glaucoma. Sadly, often a patient doesn't even notice them until they invade his main area of vision. The Nethealthbook website notes that such spots could be an early sign of glaucoma. Evaluation by an eye doctor becomes key to avoiding irreversible blindness.
Blurred/Distorted Vision: Any change in vision is a sign that you should contact your ophtalmologist. This is true especially if you notice blurriness, distortion or clouding in any part of your vision. According to the Docshop website, it could be a common ailment such as astigmatism, which means that objects appear distorted because your cornea has assumed an abnormal shape. This could also be a sign of other common eye problems such as nearsightedness and farsightedness, which a pair of eyeglasses or contacts can fix.
Peripheral Vision Loss: According to the Docshop website, our peripheral vision is important in that it helps us discern danger from behind. Perhaps the best example of this is when you drive or ride a bicycle. You need to be able to see on either side of you. Thus if you notice a change in your side vision, go to an ophthalmologist and have them test the pressure behind your eyeballs; it could be glaucoma. If the doctor catches this early, he might be able to save your sight. By the time the disease causes pain, or that a significant amount of your vision is already gone, it is most likely too late.
Because there are many possible conditions that follow under the umbrella of heart disease, the related symptoms are numerous. But here are some key symptoms to be aware of:
Chest Pain or Chest Discomfort: Few symptoms are more alarming than chest pain. In the minds of many people, chest pain equals heart pain. And while many other conditions can cause chest pain, cardiac disease is so common - and so dangerous - that the symptom of chest pain should never be dismissed out of hand as being insignificant. "Chest pain" is an imprecise term. It is often used to describe any pain, pressure, squeezing, choking, numbness or any other discomfort in the chest, neck, or upper abdomen, and is often associated with pain in the jaw, head, or arms. It can last from less than a second to days or weeks, can occur frequently or rarely, and can occur sporadically or predictably. This description of chest pain is obviously very vague, and as you might expect, many medical conditions aside from heart disease can produce symptoms like this.
Lightheadedness or Dizziness: Episodes of lightheadedness or dizziness can have many causes, including anemia (low blood count) and other blood disorders, dehydration, viral illnesses, prolonged bed rest, diabetes, thyroid disease, gastrointestinal disturbances, liver disease, kidney disease, vascular disease, neurological disorders, dysautonomias, vasovagal episodes, heart failureand cardiac arrhythmias. Because so many different conditions can produce these symptoms, anybody experiencing episodes of lightheadedness or dizziness ought to have a thorough and complete examination by a physician. And since disorders of so many organ systems can cause these symptoms, a good general internist or family doctor may be the best place to start.
Syncope (Fainting/Loss of Consciousness): Syncope is a sudden and temporary loss of consciousness, or fainting. It is a common symptom - most people pass out at least once in their lives - and often does not indicate a serious medical problem. However, sometimes syncope indicates a dangerous or even life-threatening condition, so when syncope occurs it is important to figure out the cause.
Fatigue, Lethargy or Daytime Sleepiness: Fatigue, lethargy or somnolence (daytime sleepiness) are very common symptoms. Fatigue or lethargy can be thought of as an inability to continue functioning at one's normal levels. Somnolence implies, in addition, that one either craves sleep - or worse, finds oneself suddenly asleep, a condition known as narcolepsy - during the daytime. While fatigue and lethargy can be symptoms of heart disease (particularly, of heart failure), these common and non-specific symptoms can also be due to disorders of virtually any other organ system in the body. Similar to lightheadedness and dizziness, individuals with fatigue and lethargy need a good general medical evaluation in order to begin pinning down a specific cause. Somnolence is often caused by nocturnal sleep disorders such as sleep apnea, restless leg syndrome or insomnia. All these sleep disturbances, however, are more common in patients with heart disease.
A High-Dose Influenza Vaccine Designed Specifically for People 65 Years of Age and Older 1
Adults 65 years and older suffer disproportionally from influenza-related morbidity and mortality 2,3 Immunity decreases as we age. 1 While seniors have the highest influenza immunization rate of any age group (>60%), 4 in the elderly, vaccine effectiveness is about half of that in healthy adults and varies depending on the outcome measures and the study population. 3
This may be because the immune system naturally weakens over time. This phenomenon, known as immunosenescence, also renders seniors less responsive to standard dose † influenza vaccine. 1
Adults over 65 represent 15% of the general population. 5 In the 2014-2015 Influenza Season, seniors accounted for about 70% of flu-related hospitalizations and about 90% of flu-related deaths 2. Aditionally, the estimated 12,000 hospitalizations and 3,500 deaths attributed to the flu annually in Canada – among all age groups – are often underreported. 3 In addition, influenza can trigger conditions such as strokes and heart attacks, 3,6-8 or worsen diabetes and renal diseases. 3,9-10
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Mood swings can be quite severe early in a pregnancy, and may include feelings of euphoria followed by depression or sadness; again, many of these mood swings are similar to emotional changes that women experience during PMS. Pregnancy symptoms such as frequent urination, morning sickness and nausea, and odd food cravings generally begin around 2-3 weeks into the pregnancy; sometimes these symptoms do not occur until 4-6 weeks into the pregnancy.
Some women do not experience a missed period during the first few weeks of pregnancy; a period that occurs during the first weeks of pregnancy may be either normal or abnormal. Abnormal periods that occur during the first few weeks of a pregnancy can include a lighter than normal period, spotting, or a very short period. Of course, any bleeding that occurs when you may be pregnant needs to be checked by a doctor immediately.
If you are experiencing some of these symptoms, and there is a possibility that you can be pregnant, than you should take a pregnancy test as soon as possible. Over the counter urine tests and blood tests performed by a physician detect levels of human chorionic gonadotropin, (HCG), in your blood; this hormone is released by the developing placenta and begins to appear in the blood as little as 5 days after conception.
Over the counter urine tests are up to 97% accurate; these tests are usually not able to detect HCG in your urine until one week after your missed period. Blood tests are up to 99% accurate, and these tests can detect HGC in your blood as soon as 7 days after your ovulation.
It is important for you to confirm your pregnancy as early as possible so that you can begin your prenatal care. Early prenatal care is important to the health of your new baby and you during this time. Once you begin to notice any early pregnancy symptoms, and you believe that you may be pregnant, take a test as soon as you can. If you take an over the counter test and it is positive, have the test confirmed by your physician. Remember to stay relaxed during this time, and try to keep your stress levels down.
Asbestos symptoms are indicators of the serious adverse health problems that are caused by dangerous levels of asbestos exposure. The Occupational Health & Safety Administration estimates that 1.3 million people are exposed to the dangerous of asbestos exposure every year in the work place and should be aware of symptoms of asbestos exposure that may indicate serious underlying health problems. People who work, or have worked, in the shipyard, factory, railroad, construction, automobile, and building industries in the last 60 years may be susceptible to developing asbestos symptoms.
Most deadly diseases that are caused by asbestos exposure lie dormant for years, so it is possible to suffer from the ill effects of asbestos disease without any noticeable asbestos symptoms. Because of disease latency, asbestos symptoms might appear years - even decades - after initial asbestos exposure. Medical experts assign a latency period to malignant mesothelioma of thirty to fifty years. That’s one of the reasons the disease is so difficult to diagnose; the job where the exposure occurred in most instances ended decades prior to the health problems beginning.
The clinical manifestations for asbestos generally appear between twenty and forty years after the asbestos exposure has occurred, or begun. The fibrotic process that impacts the lung tissue in this disease maybe accelerated and is certainly exacerbated by smoking. Asbestosis, characterized by severe breathing restriction, develops in nearly half of all workers who have reached “occupational levels” of asbestos exposure.
The type of asbestos symptoms an individual experiences generally depends on the asbestos-related disease that has been developed. There are various types of asbestos-related conditions; the two most commonly associated with asbestos exposure are asbestosis and mesothelioma. However chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has reached epidemic proportions in the United States and is a condition that asbestos exposure has contributed to in thousands of cases.
Asbestosis symptoms commonly include these conditions:
- Shortness of breath
- Chronic cough
- Chest pain
- Difficulty breathing
- Difficulty with physical exertion
Malignant mesothelioma generally develops in people over the age of sixty five and usually occurs in the chest cavity, arising in the pleura in sixty five to seventy percent of all cases. The other predominant location for mesothelioma cancer cases is the peritoneal lining of the organs in the abdominal cavity. It may also affect the pericardial lining of the heart, in rare cases.
- Shortness of breath
- Chest pain
- Tightness in the chest
- Persistent cough
- Weight Loss
Pleural effusion is also a common development with mesothelioma. This condition is caused by accumulation of excess fluid in the space between the lungs and the chest wall or diaphragm. It can be the cause of chest pain and reduced breathing capacity.
Peritoneal mesothelioma is characterized by abdominal swelling and pain. This symptom can also be the result of fluid accumulation – in this case, within the abdominal cavity. Thickening of the peritoneal tissue can lead to additional symptoms:
- Weight loss
- Obstructed bowels
- Fever and/or night sweats
If you or someone you love is experiencing any symptoms of asbestos exposure, you should visit your doctor right away.
Amphetamine is a strong stimulant that has been used medically for situations when a person needs to be more alert, as in narcolepsy, a health problem that causes a person to fall asleep at any time. It has also been given to pilots and soldiers to keep them awake and alert for long hours. It does its job in these situations, but the side effects of this drug can be dangerous and damaging.
Six to 11 years
One to 10 years
Syrup, 15 mg per 5 mL
MDI = metered dose inhaler.
Information from references 8, 13, and 16 through 20.
Complementary and Alternative Medicine Products. Several of these therapies provide relief from cold symptoms. Vapor rub applied to the chest and neck has been shown to improve cough severity and quality of sleep for the child and parents, but it has a strong smell that children may not tolerate.19 Studies regarding therapeutic use of zinc sulfate show a trend toward decreased duration of cold symptoms when it is taken within the first 24 hours of symptom onset.20 Adverse effects, such as bad taste and nausea, are more common with zinc lozenges than with syrup or tablets.20 Pelargonium sidoides (geranium) extract (Umcka Coldcare) may help resolve cough and sputum production in children with the common cold.18 Buckwheat honey is superior to placebo for reducing frequency of cough, reducing bothersome cough, and improving quality of sleep for the child.16 Honey should not be used in children younger than one year because of the risk of botulism.
Nasal Irrigation and Acetylcysteine. During acute illness, nasal irrigation with saline can help alleviate sore throat, thin nasal secretions, and improve nasal breathing and can reduce the need for nasal decongestants and mucolytics.17 A systematic review of six trials published in the 1990s found that acetylcysteine (commonly used in Europe, but not in the United States, as a mucolytic) may decrease cough after six to seven days of therapy in children older than two years.13 The main adverse effect of acetylcysteine is vomiting.
Inhaled Corticosteroids. Some children with viral cold symptoms also develop wheezing. Although low-dose corticosteroids are ineffective in these children, one review of high-dose inhaled corticosteroids found a trend toward decreased frequency of wheezing episodes that require oral corticosteroids, the duration of episodes, and the number of physician visits.8
Table 3 summarizes therapies that may be effective for cold prophylaxis in children.14, 17, 20 – 22
Therapies That May Be Effective for Common Cold Prophylaxis in Children
One to three years
5 mL twice daily