Zur Verhinderung oder Therapie von Sekundärinfektionen kann der Einsatz von Antibiotika sinnvoll sein. Bei sehr hohem Fieber ist zudem die Gabe von Antipyretika (z.B. Paracetamol) zu erwägen.

Die Wirkung einer vorbeugenden oder therapeutischen Gabe von Vitamin C ist umstritten.

Der Krankheitsverlauf ist sehr unterschiedlich, meist relativ harmlos ohne Folgen, z.T. aber auch lebensgefährlich (v.a. bei Kindern und älteren immungeschwächten Personen).

Die akute Erkrankung klingt in der Regel etwa nach 5 bis 7 Tagen ab. Einzelne Symptome (z.B. Husten, Abgeschlagenheit) können jedoch noch über einen längeren Zeitraum weiter bestehen. Je nach Schwere der durchgemachten Erkrankung ist eine Rekonvaleszenz über Tage, aber auch über Wochen möglich.

Eine mögliche Komplikation der Influenza, der bei bestimmten Virusstämmen auftritt, ist der so genannte Zytokinsturm. Dabei versagt die adaptive Immunantwort und es kommt zu einer Überreaktion des Immunsystems im Sinne einer sich selbst verstärkenden Kaskadenreaktion. Die dazu fähigen Zellen des Immunsystems (T-Zellen, Makrophagen) schütten große Mengen an Zytokinen aus, die eine massive Entzündungsreaktion hervorrufen. Sie tritt klinisch als schwere, perakute Influenzapneumonie mit Dyspnoe, Lungenblutungen und möglichem Organversagen in Erscheinung.

Bestimmte Erregervarianten des Influenzavirus begünstigen die Entstehung eines Zytokinsturms. Sie bilden Proteine, auf die das Immunsystem offensichtlich besonders empfindlich reagiert. Häufig unterscheiden sie sich nur in einigen wenigen Genabschnitten von weniger pathogenen Stämmen.

Egg allergy is common in babies and toddlers - occurring in 1 -2 % of pre-school children.

This page answers the following questions:

What are the symptoms of egg allergy in infants and toddlers?

The symptoms include:

  • skin reactions with urticaria (also known as hives) - this is the most common reaction. Read more
  • tummy upset and vomiting - even if the egg makes contact with the skin and is not ingested
  • anaphylaxis which is a serious allergic reaction with breathing difficulty and shock - this is much less common than with other foods such as peanut, other nuts and milk. Read more

The allergic reactions may be:

  • immediate - which occur within a few minutes to an hour of ingesting the egg. These are IgE mediated reactions, so caused by a particular antibody (called IgE) in the body. Read more
  • delayed - which may occur up to 24 hours after ingesting the egg. These are usually non-IgE mediated reactions, so they are caused by an immune response but it doesn't involve IgE

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Because SIBO is thought to prevent people from absorbing and processing fructose and vegetables with insoluble fiber, the diets above should be modified to address these issues. Fruit and veggies with insoluble fiber need to be taken out and reintroduced very slowly.

Beans and nuts are also foods that are known to cause digestive flare ups.

One of the best ways to prevent SIBO from recurring is to keep digestive fire strong. That means having sufficient hydrochloric acid in the stomach and sufficient enzymes to help break down the food so no undigested particles remain.

Things that keep digestion and absorption strong are taking probiotics, enzymes, or bitters before a meal. Or diluting a bit of apple cider vinegar in water and drinking it before a meal.

Dr. Pimentel also recommends fasting 3 to 5 hours between meals to give the small intestine the opportunity to sweep bad bacteria out.

Lastly, constipation-dominant SIBO is much harder to teat because it indicates a higher level of bacteria and methane gas, according to Dr.Siebecker.

I believe there can be many causes of IBS, and SIBO is just one of them. I will talk about more underlying causes for IBS in future blog posts.
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Please indicate below the emails to which you want to send this article: One cause of IBS: SIBO (Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth)

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Angela Privin is proof that IBS is NOT an incurable disease or a disease at all. IBS is a body out of balance. It’s an invitation for change. After solving her own IBS mystery more than a decade ago Angela trained as a health coach to help others.

Angela uses both science and intuition to help people figure out what’s out of balance in their body. She works with lab tests, dietary changes, supplementation and nervous system rebalancing. Get help rebalancing your digestive system and solving your IBS mystery here.

FOOD POISONING STORIES

Years ago, my husband and I ate at a “hole in the wall” Mexican restaurant. He thought his meal tasted great. Mine was pretty good too. While we were waiting for the check, he started to feel sick. It came on so fast. He got up to go look for the bathroom and immediately started vomiting. He left a trail of vomit all the way to the bathroom (which unfortunately was the women’s bathroom, poor guy). Anyway, when he finished vomiting he felt fine. Two hours later, he had a big bowl of ice cream with chocolate sauce. I suspect that this type of food poisoning was from the toxins produced either by Staphylococcus aureus or Bacillus cereus since it came on so suddenly and was over so quickly. No one else caught it from him which further supports a diagnosis of food poisoning.

Another example of obvious non-contagious food poisoning happened to my sister and her coworker recently. They went to happy hour (at 5pm) at a local restaurant and shared an appetizer of fried calamari with a dipping sauce. At 10pm, they were both vomiting. Since they don't live together and didn't eat anything else that was the same that day, I am very certain that they got food poisoning from that shared appetizer. The dipping sauce was probably sitting out barely warm under a heat lamp all afternoon growing toxin producing bacteria. No one else caught it from them so that further suggests that it was food poisoning.

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How can I differentiate between H1N1 Swine Flu and seasonal flu?
You cannot tell the difference without a medical verdict on it. Since symptoms for both the diseases are same like cough, headache, sneezing, fever, runny nose etc, only your doctor will be able to say if you have H1N1 virus. In case, your doctor suspects symptoms, they will have your blood sample, nasopharyngeal (nose to mouth) and throat swab to laboratories.

Home remedies for swine flu:
There are no home remedies, especially when you have to figure out if it is H1N1 or season flu. The H1N1 requires anti-viral drugs because treating it is an emergency issue. However you can prevent the spread of swine flu and strengthen your immune system by doing the following:
1. Wash your hands properly before having a meal, not just with soap and water.
2. Wear face mask before going outside. If someone is coughing or sneezing near you, cover your nose and mouth with palms or a hanky. Swine flu gets into the body through the mouth and nose.
3. Drink lemon balm tea because it has anti-viral properties.
4. Chew fresh garlic cloves because they have antiviral properties as well.
5. Steam inhalation with chamomile or eucalyptus thrice a day can relieve lung congestion and prevent swine flu symptoms.

Schistosomiasis is a disease caused by parasites. Schistosoma is the genus of the several species of flatworms that are responsible for causing this disease. Schistosomiasis is popularly known as snail fever. Theodor Bilharz was the first to describe the cause of urinary schistosomiasis in 1851, and this disease is also called Bilharzia or Bilharziosis in many countries after him.

This disease mostly affects the tropical countries like Africa, the Caribbean islands, and eastern part of South America, East Asia, and the Middle East. Estimation shows that about 207 million people are suffering from this disease, and about another 120 million are displaying the symptoms. Different types of Schistosomiasis are found in different areas as follows:

Schistosoma mansoni—parts of South America and the Caribbean, Africa, and the Middle East

Schistosoma haematobium— Africa and the Middle East

Schistosoma japonicum— Far East. S. Mekongi and S. intercalatum are found focally in Southeast Asia and central West Africa, respectively

Schistosomiasis is one of the most commonly picked up disease in developing countries which is acquired by swimming in such water bodies that are infested with snails, usually the biomphlaria, bulinus, or the oncomelania types, or which are the carriers of the schistosoma pathogens.

Schistosoma mansoni (ICD-10 B65.1)— intestinal schistosomiasis

Schistosoma intercalatum (B65.8)—intestinal schistosomiasis

Schistosoma haematobium (B65.0)—urinary schistosomiasis

Schistosoma japonicum (B65.2)—intestinal schistosomiasis

Schistosoma mekongi (B65.8)—intestinal schistosomiasis

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In the third year of these irregularities, I began having severe anxiety and severe depression. My husband had me admitted to a psychiatric hospital due to his concern because I was very suicidal. Of course, they only offer you antidepressants and anxiety medicines, never getting to the root of your problem. Finally, someone told me about saliva hormone testing, I found an OB/GYN that offered it and went to him. My progesterone was almost non-existent.

I began treatment with a bio-identical progesterone cream and after a month of using it, I decreased my anti-depressant medicine down from 40mg per day to now only 5mg a day, and threw away the rest of the anxiety medicine. Thank God, I finally found the answer. I feel so happy now, about back to normal, and all those symptoms are pretty much gone!

It is so sad to think the medical field and regular doctors never help women. They just say yeah, a lot of women have irregular periods and depression/anxiety. Getting the hormone diagnosis and replacement may have very well saved my life. The credit goes to God, because he heard my prayers at my lowest hour.

Believe in yourself ladies, find an ob/gyn who offers saliva testing. Blood testing will do, but it is not as sensitive or as accurate. Never take synthetic hormones such as birth control. Bioidentical creams or pills are an exact replica of what the body makes, and this is the only way to heal the problem. Good luck to all, and God bless you.

36) It is always the same answer: "go see the doctor, ask the doctor." I do not think they are educated enough or do not want to be to help with balancing hormones. It seems that, at least with my experience, they are more interested in doing the surgery than recommend any over the counter progesterone creams, since the surgery gives them more money.

When I went to my female doctor, she checked my hormones (not on certain days), but my low progesterone did not bother her. She wanted to run more expensive and involved tests. I asked her if she planned to help me with my symptoms (which were all indicating low progesterone and explained by fibroid that I have). She just wanted more tests. Based on those, the only solutions on her list were different types of surgery.

I looked online and decided to just give natural progesterone cream a try. All of my problems are gone or almost gone. It would be very nice if any doctor could educate me on that and keep an eye on the level of my progesterone (which I do not even know since it was not checked properly), but I am doing the best I can.

Shame on you doctors. Educate yourselves to help people. That is your job! You are the ones who are supposed to educate women on all of our options, not chat blogs on internet.

By the way, I changed the doctor for a male and he is more open minded about progesterone cream, but let me experiment with the amount of it myself.

35) Update from anon303795, post 34: It has been less than two weeks since I wrote my original post, so I will update.

I started taking 1000 mg of calcium, 4,000 mg of vitamin D, 500 mg. of magnesium, one Indole Forte, and half an Iodoralm plus daily probiotics. I have to say, I immediately started feeling less body, muscle and bone pain! I sleep better also. Along with these vitamins, I still take my synthroid in the morning for my thyroid, one melatonin at night to help with sleep, and I also take one amitriptyline (20 mg antidepressant) at night. These, I have taken for a few years now. The vitamins are newly added and in higher doses, and I feel so much better!

I still have two other vitamins to start taking, which are methyl balance and ProEPA for my inherited MTHFR gene mutation, but I cannot start these until after I finish the radiation therapy for breast cancer. I have 3 more weeks. But I just want to stress to all reading this post to find yourself a good doctor who is willing to test all levels of everything in your body and go over each individually. Once you get results from that, you can find what supplements/vitamins/minerals your body needs and get the proper doses to help alleviate some of the pain and misery we woman deal with on a daily basis.

I also plan to start working on my hormonal imbalance with bioidentical hormones with this holistic doctor in a few weeks, again, once the breast cancer process is completed.

I'm sure once I get that balanced, I will feel even better! I'm still irritated that I have to pay for all this out of my pocket when I have worked for a major corporation for 28 years and paid into full medical benefits for that long. But again, insurance feels that traditional medicine is the answer for everyone, when in fact, I have full proof, based on the years of misery I have suffered, that it does not work for me and that if I just had one of the 15 different traditional doctors I visited, recommend to me to increase vitamins/supplements/hormones, and test me on these levels, I would not have suffered for years in pain and may not have had a lot of the surgeries/breast cancer, that I have had to battle!

34) I just recently found out that my progesterone did not even register on the chart, it was so low! I have been going to doctors (9 of them total) for 15 years to try and get help. I found I had low thyroid 16 years ago and went on Synthroid. I also had horrible periods since age 13 when I started. I was put on birth control at age 16 to help regulate my cycle and help with the cramps and clotting. I was on birth control, on and off, for about 20 years.

I managed to get pregnant with my first child very easily. I did not go back on birth control after and it took me five years to gget pregnant with my second child and I had to take fertility drugs (clomid). At age 40, I stopped all birth control because I was tired of feeling horrible almost my entire adult life. I was diagnosed with Fibromyalgia and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome a few years ago.

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Wie steckt man sich an? Für die saisonale Influenza ist der Mensch das einzige Reservoir
und damit die einzige Infektionsquelle. Ansteckend sind vor allem Erkrankte

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Why am I writing about something as mundane as a natural gas leak in my home? My house didn’t explode into flames; my family didn’t asphyxiate in their sleep, nothing as dramatic as that. No, our leak was slow and undetectable to ourselves and visitors to our home. We lived in our house for nearly 4 years before we discovered what was making us all sick. Very sick.

My family developed a several medical conditions as a result of our exposure. No one was left untouched by the exposure, even our pets.

This site has been developed to help others who may be affected by natural gas poisoning and are looking for help just as I was.

For years I searched for answers to why my children were developing their symptoms, what could be the causing this illness? Once we discovered the natural gas leak in our home, I searched long hours for treatments and cures, but found little information on the subject.

I suspect there are others who are like me who are looking for help, for answers, or just for validation. It helps so much to know you are not the only one with this problem. The health practitioners may think IT is “all in your head”, but IT may just be leaking out of your home’s gas pipes.

Read on to learn more about the symptoms, research and results of our experience with Natural Gas.

Amniotic fluid surrounds the developing fetus in the amniotic sac, and performs some important functions. The amniotic fluid:

  • provides protective cushioning
  • protects the baby and uterus from infection
  • serves as a backup of nutrients and fluids for your baby
  • allows your baby to move about and breath
  • helps in the development of the respiratory, digestive and musculoskeletal systems

    What Causes Oligohydramnios During Pregnancy?

    There are several different causes of low amniotic fluid, which include:

    Signs and Symptoms of Low Amniotic Fluid

    There are several signs that may lead you to suspect low levels of amniotic fluid.

  • leaking fluid
  • small measurements
  • lack of feeling movement from your baby
  • an amniotic fluid index (AFI) of 5cm or less

    One of the main concerns is that your placenta may not be functioning correctly, which could lead to a number of complications. You may have a premature birth, or the amniotic fluid may get so low that your baby will compress the umbilical cord and starve himself of oxygen. Low amniotic fluid may also prevent some of the vital organs and systems we all rely on for fully developing.

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    Ein erhöhtes Risiko für eine schwere Grippe haben Sie zum Beispiel, wenn Sie:

    • schwanger oder
    • schon älter sind oder
    • eine chronische Herzerkrankung,
    • eine chronische Lungenerkrankung,
    • eine Stoffwechselerkrankung (z.B. Diabetes mellitus) oder
    • ein geschwächtes Immunsystem haben.

    Bei einer leicht verlaufenden Grippe können Sie auf Mittel gegen Viren oder sonstige verschreibungspflichtige Medikamente verzichten und auf andere Mittel zurückgreifen. Beispiele:

    • Sie können gegen die Grippesymptome schmerzlindernde und fiebersenkende Medikamente (z.B. mit Acetylsalicylsäure) einnehmen.
    • Zudem können – je nach Symptomatik der Influenza – zur Behandlung Hustensäfte und Nasentropfen sinnvoll sein.

    Zudem sind in der akuten Phase der Grippe zur Behandlung dringend einige Tage Bettruhe ratsam. Auch nach der akuten Erkrankungsphase ist es wichtig, sich körperlich zu schonen – das bedeutet vor allem, dass Sie die Influenza völlig auskurieren sollten, bevor Sie wieder Sport treiben.

    Bei Grippe können auch verschiedene Hausmittel helfen, die Beschwerden zu lindern. Beispiele:

    • Inhalieren mit Kamille oder Salzlösungen – dies ist gut für die Atemwege.
    • Gurgeln und heiße Getränke zu sich nehmen – so können Sie die Rachenentzündung lindern.

    Der Körper verliert während einer Grippe viel Flüssigkeit. Darum ist es vor allem bei Fieber wichtig, dass Sie ausreichend trinken (pro Tag mindestens zwei bis drei Liter Wasser, Früchtetee und/oder Fruchtsäfte). Auf Alkohol, Kaffee und schwarzen Tee sollten Sie bei einer Influenza jedoch verzichten.

    Virostatika sind spezielle Medikamente, die gegen Viren wirken. Bei einer schweren Grippe ist es wichtig, dass die Behandlung mit Virostatika so schnell wie möglich beginnt (d.h. innerhalb der ersten 48 Stunden nach Ausbruch der Influenza): Denn dann steten die Chancen am besten, dass die Mittel etwas gegen die Grippeviren bewirken.

    Zur Gruppe der Virostatika zählen unter anderem Neuraminidasehemmer. Diese Medikamente bekämpfen die Grippe, indem sie die weitere Ausbreitung des Grippevirus im Körper hemmen. Die Behandlung mit Neuraminidasehemmern wirkt gegen das Influenza-A- und Influenza-B-Virus, nicht jedoch gegen das Grippevirus vom Typ C.

    Wirkstoffe aus der Gruppe der Neuraminidasehemmer verhindern, dass Grippeviren sich weiter im Körper vermehren.

    Gegenwärtig stehen die Virostatika Zanamivir und Oseltamivir zur Verfügung, um eine Grippe ursächlich zu behandeln:

    • Zanamivir erhalten Sie als Pulver, das Sie inhalieren müssen. Dieses Grippemittel ruft in seltenen Fällen krampfartige Verengungen der Atemwege (Bronchospasmen) hervor – vor allem bei Menschen mit einer chronischen Lungenerkrankung.
    • Oseltamivir nehmen Sie über den Mund ein. Die Therapie mit Oseltamivir löst in etwa jedem zehnten Fall Nebenwirkungen im Magen-Darm-Trakt aus (v.a. Übelkeit und Erbrechen).

    Allerdings ist der Nutzen von Neuraminidasehemmern bei Grippe umstritten: So verkürzt die Behandlung mit dem Grippemittel Oseltamivir die Dauer der Influenza nur geringfügig. Und dass das Mittel das Komplikations- oder Übertragungsrisiko senkt, ist nicht sicher nachgewiesen.

    Entsprechend empfiehlt die Weltgesundheitsorganisation (WHO), Oseltamivir nur noch als Ergänzungsmittel bei schwer an Grippe erkrankten Menschen im Krankenhaus einzusetzen.

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    Diet alone can be effective at healing SIBO but can be slow and take a long time.

    It should take about a month on one of these diets to feel symptom relief but people typically stay on the diet for a year or two, depending on the case. Sometimes people can feel worse on this diet as bacterial die off occurs. That can feel like the worsening of IBS symptoms or flu-like symptoms.

    Because SIBO is thought to prevent people from absorbing and processing fructose and vegetables with insoluble fiber, the diets above should be modified to address these issues. Fruit and veggies with insoluble fiber need to be taken out and reintroduced very slowly.

    Beans and nuts are also foods that are known to cause digestive flare ups.

    One of the best ways to prevent SIBO from recurring is to keep digestive fire strong. That means having sufficient hydrochloric acid in the stomach and sufficient enzymes to help break down the food so no undigested particles remain.

    Things that keep digestion and absorption strong are taking probiotics, enzymes, or bitters before a meal. Or diluting a bit of apple cider vinegar in water and drinking it before a meal.

    Dr. Pimentel also recommends fasting 3 to 5 hours between meals to give the small intestine the opportunity to sweep bad bacteria out.

    Lastly, constipation-dominant SIBO is much harder to teat because it indicates a higher level of bacteria and methane gas, according to Dr.Siebecker.

    I believe there can be many causes of IBS, and SIBO is just one of them. I will talk about more underlying causes for IBS in future blog posts.
    Tweet

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    Please indicate below the emails to which you want to send this article: One cause of IBS: SIBO (Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth)

    Enter one email per line. No more than 100 emails.

    Angela Privin is proof that IBS is NOT an incurable disease or a disease at all. IBS is a body out of balance. It’s an invitation for change. After solving her own IBS mystery more than a decade ago Angela trained as a health coach to help others.

    Angela uses both science and intuition to help people figure out what’s out of balance in their body. She works with lab tests, dietary changes, supplementation and nervous system rebalancing. Get help rebalancing your digestive system and solving your IBS mystery here.

    Brief History of Cocaine

    Cocaine is a substance found in a plant (Erythoxylum coca) which is native to Peru, Bolivia, and Ecuador and is cultivated in many other countries. Natives of the countries in which the coca plant was part of the landscape chewed the leaves to increase energy, alertness, and endurance.

    The leaves of the plant are ground into a paste and heated with hydrochloric acid producing cocaine in its powder form. In its powder form, cocaine is most often separated into “lines” and snorted.

    Modern cocaine was originally synthesized in 1855 and by 1880 the medicinal qualities of cocaine were first recognized by the medical community. Although it was widely credited as a cure for many ailments, cocaine was primarily used as a surgical anesthetic.

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      A team led by Dr. Russell Stothard, head of the Schistosomiasis Control Initiative at the Natural History Museum, London, recently conducted a field evaluation, which reported that even if stool or urine examinations are negative, a tissue biopsy might reveal eggs. Detection of antibody might as well be useful for epidemiological surveys as well as clinical research and management.

      Schistosomiasis can be successfully treated using an oral drug Praziquantel. Though a single dose of this drug can cure the infection, it is not effective in preventing re-infection of the patient, which is highly probable in an affected area. Researches are presently being carried on to develop a vaccine for this disease.

      The toxic metalloid, antimony was initially used in low doses to treat schistosomiasis, but this is not used in present days. Another drug called Oxamniquine is used outside the U.S to treat Schistosoma mansoni.

      Investigations are being carried on a new Egyptian drug, Mirazid for the treatment of this disease.

      Other forms of oral medication that are being experimented with are medicinal castor oil, Gopo Berry (by Dr Chidzere of Zimbabwe in 1980s), etc.

      Acrolein, copper sulfate, and niclosamide can be used to eliminate the fresh-water snails that cause the disease.

      Crayfish breeding can also be helpful for the purpose though it must be done with caution.

      Avoiding water bodies previously detected with snails.

      Use of sapindus plant(Phytolacca dodecandra) to prevent the disease by controlling snails. Aklilu Lemma and Legesse Wolde-Yohannes received the Right Livelihood Award in 1989 for their research.

      Better plans and designs while creating dams and irrigation schemes can prevent this disease from spreading among the nearby population.

      Influenza B: Cause, Symptom, Treatment and Prevention

      Influenza B can cause respiratory and stomach symptoms. It can be easily treated. Vaccine and staying away from virus can prevent it.

      Influenza or the flu refers to a respiratory infection that can be caused by a variety of viruses. The virus will move through the air and become inhaled through the mouth or nose. Approximately 5-20 percent of people catch the flu each year in the United States. Influenza can cause a serious infection or death in newborns, the elderly and people with some chronic illnesses. The viruses that cause influenza are classified as A, B or C types, depending on how their proteins are composed. Type B viruses are the most common in humans.

      All flu viruses travel in the air as droplets of moisture. It spreads when people talk, cough or sneeze, releasing this moisture. Some people inhale this moisture in the air while others touch objects like a keyboard or telephone that are covered in the virus and then transfer them to the eyes, mouth or nose by touching these areas.

      The influenza virus alters and creates new strains constantly so those that have already been affected by the flu may have developed antibodies to ward of a specific type of flu virus. If you are exposed to a virus in the future that is similar to those you have experienced before or you have been given a vaccination against a certain type of flu, it will be easier for the body to fight off the infection.

      The antibodies a person has developed will not be able to prevent an infection caused by new strains of the virus or subtypes of the virus that are different than those you have already been exposed to.

      1. Body Symptoms

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      It is a contagious and infectious condition which often manifests itself as major pandemics, which may occur in any season interspersed with seasonal epidemics of varying severity.

      Influenza is more prominent during the winter season. In winter, the immune system of the body is weak. As people usually stay indoors and are in close proximity to each other, it spreads quickly during winter.

      Prognosis of Influenza

      The prognosis of Influenza is more severe and lasts longer than ‘common cold’. Recovery period of flu is about one to two weeks. The person remains contagious for about six days from the date of infection.

      Influenza leaves the respiratory epithelium weak and prone to several other infections and attack by other pathogens. Influenza can be life threatening when it develops into pneumonia. It may affect people of any age.

      Types of Influenza

      There are three types of influenza viruses, they are:

      1) Type A influenza virus which generally affects the mammals and birds like ducks, chicken and in some cases human beings. There are three variants of Type A influenza viruses namely H1N1 (e.g swine flu), H1N2 (e.g Asian flu and Hongkong flu), and H1N3 viruses.

      2) Type B flu virus that infects only humans. This causes mild fever and is less harmful than type A flu.

      3) Type C flu which causes mild respiratory infections. virus C. The symptoms of Type C influenza infection resembles the symptoms of common cold and is not pandemic.This flu infects only humans.

      Causes of influenza

      Influenza is usually caused due to faulty eating habits (dietetic errors) and unhygienic living conditions, like stuffy rooms. Anxiety, overwork, Lack of exercise and faulty lifestyle also provide grounds for influenza infection. The flu virus spreads easily through the saliva droplets released in the air due to sneezing and coughing of the person infected by flu and can infect and weak person quickly.

      The birth of influenza virus is closely associated with birds(Avian flu) and other animals (e.g swine flu). Thus Influenza pandemics often originate in places where human beings live in close proximity of animals.

      Symptoms of Influenza
      The symptoms of influenza are:

      • High fever (upto 40 ° C)
      • Chills and headache
      • Sore throat
      • Dry cough
      • Irritated eyes
      • Nasal congestion and Congestion of the lungs
      • Body aches including Muscle and joint pain
      • Wheezing
      • Fatigue
      • Pharyngitis

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      Realize that your sincere efforts will give you health beyond your expectations. Do not dwell upon your temporary discomforts. Instead, indulge in positive activity, such as exercise, gardening or helping others.

      All symptoms will pass in time. The pain today will be a memory tomorrow. The discomforts you endure now mean an absence of suffering, later. You are healing yourself with your courage and wisdom. You have much to be thankful for.

      Lymphoma is not difficult to diagnose once a patient and doctor begin to look for signs of cancer. However, Lymphoma–especially non-Hodgkin lymphoma–can be something of a silent killer.

      Symptoms are frequently minor or nonexistent in the early stages and mimic symptoms of common, non-threatening illness.

      Lymphoma symptoms are not specific to the disease. For this reason, it is very important that you tell your doctor during regular checkups about any symptoms that you might be experiencing including:

      Swollen lymph nodes Lymphoma may cause swelling of lymph nodes in the neck, chest, abdomen and on the skin. Lymph nodes in the neck frequently swell in cases of sinus infection or can be symptomatic of the flu. But if they persist for a long time or occur apart from other sickness they might be cause for concern. Lymph node swelling in the armpits or abdomen might be cause for more immediate concern. Lymphoma may also cause swelling in the chest area which may interfere with breathing. Lymphomas of the skin often appear as itchy red or purple lumps. Swollen lymph nodes are usually tender and painful to some degree. However, in the case of non-Hodgkin lymphoma, lymph nodes might swell and become firm without any evident pain.

      It should be noted that cat scratch disease can closely resemble lymphoma. It may come as a surprise to classic rock listeners to learn that "Cat Scratch Fever" is not just a Ted Nugent song but an actual illness more formally known as cat scratch disease or Bartonellosis. It is caused by a bacteria spread through contact with an infected cat and can result in lymph node infection. For more on cat scratch disease, please see this page from the CDC.

      If you have one or more of these symptoms, and feel that they are part of an overall pattern sugesting lymphoma, you need to consult a physician as soon as possible.

      For most people, preventive care is the most important weapon in the fight against lymphoma. Lymphoma is often diagnosed during routine exams, x-rays, or even during pregnancy. By having regular checkups and monitoring your overall health, you increase your chances of early diagnosis and, therefore, successful treatment.

      Learn About Dehydration Causes, Treatment and Prevention

      There are two types of dehydration that a person can experience: chronic dehydration and acute dehydration. Both types of dehydration can be caused by a variety of sources. The most common sources of dehydration are: flu, diarrhea, blood loss, vomiting, malnutrition and the most common problem of not replenishing liquids lost from sweating and urination.

      The many signs and symptoms of dehydration most commonly start with excessive thirst, but may rapidly progress to more concerning troubles. The body will react to the need for water by giving of signs that you should recognize. The initial signs and symptoms of mild dehydration in adults start to appear when a person has lost approximately 2% of their total fluid. These mild dehydration symptoms may include but not limited to:

      If fluid intake is not increased and the total loss reaches around 5%, the following effects of dehydration may be experienced:

      • Increased heart rate
      • Increased respiration
      • Decreased sweating
      • Decreased urination
      • Increased body temperature
      • Extreme fatigue
      • Muscle cramps
      • Headaches
      • Nausea
      • Tingling of the limbs

      Soon, if the body approaches a 10% fluid loss, emergency help is needed IMMEDIATELY! This level of fluid loss can and is very dangerous and often fatal! Symptoms and signs of severe dehydration include:

      • Muscle spasms
      • Vomiting
      • Racing pulse
      • Shriveled skin
      • Dim vision
      • Painful urination
      • Confusion
      • Difficulty breathing
      • Seizures
      • Chest and Abdominal pain
      • Unconsciousness

      Be aware that these are not the only signs and symptoms of severe dehydration that may be noticed, they are just the most commonly seen and experienced ones. The symptoms of dehydration will be different in each individual because the body is a complex network of systems and each person is unique. The age of an individual may also influence the manifestation of symptoms. The signs of dehydration in an infant or adolescent will not be the same as those experienced by a teenager, full grown adult or in an older person.

      Always remember that dehydration prevention is the number one way to stop dehydration before it gets out of control - drink plenty of fluids and stay inside on extremely hot and humid days. Also be aware that heatstroke can come on rapidly when working outside.

      Dehydration is caused by the loss of water so the best the treatment of dehydration to increase the intake of fluids. Also, when a person becomes dehydrated there may be a loss of electrolytes. Electrolytes are important for the electro-chemical reactions within cells and a decrease of electrolytes in the body may cause an interference of the chemical reactions needed for healthy cell operation. This can lead to a serious condition that may cause death in extreme cases. The two primary electrolytes that are need to be replenished are sodium and potassium salts. These may be found in the common sports drinks used by atheletes. Another source of electrolytes are the variety of pediatric hydration drinks designed for infants. A third source is fruits and vegetables and their juices. Electrolytes are also found in salty snacks and foods but be aware that eating any food while dehydrated may increase the dehydration since increased fluids are required for digestion.

      If a person is showing minor symptoms of dehydration, give them plenty of water. Inform them to drink slowly, in small sips. Secondly, begin to replace electrolytes with the drinks mentioned above. If the electrolyte rich drinks are not available, slowly replenish the body's liquids with water and follow that up after symptoms have decreased with a small salty snack or a light meal.

      If a person is showing some of the more severe symptoms of dehydration as listed above, call an ambulance immediately. He or she may be past the point where ingestion of the proper fluids will help; get them medical attention as soon as possible.

    • arret zyprexa insomnie

      Avian influenza (bird flu) is a notifiable disease in the UK and is listed in section 88 of the Animal Health Act 1981. Section 15 (1) of the Act says:

      “Any person having in their possession or under their charge an animal affected or suspected of having one of these diseases must, with all practicable speed, notify that fact to a police constable.”

      Loosely translated this means that if you suspect or are aware of the presence of a notifiable disease there is a legal obligation to notify a DEFRA Divisional Veterinary Manager immediately. DEFRA is the Department of the Environment, Food and Rural Affairs and is responsible for overseeing animal health in the UK.

      Avian influenza in birds is spread via secretions from the eyes, respiratory tract and from faecal matter, with droplets of liquid sneezed by infected birds spreading the disease extremely rapidly in environments where large numbers of birds are housed. In wild birds the situation is different with many migratory birds (including waterfowl, sea birds and shore birds) carrying the virus for long distances and being implicated in the international spread of the disease. Migratory waterfowl - most notably wild ducks - are the natural reservoir of bird flu viruses and these birds are also the most resistant to infection. They can carry the virus over great distances and excrete it in their droppings, yet develop only mild and short-lived illness themselves. There is a great deal of speculation about the importance of this very large reservoir of influenza viruses in wild birds as it is a source of viruses for other species, including humans, lower mammals, and birds. The high rate of infection allows for the maintenance and emergence of new and potentially highly dangerous strains by means of mutation and/or genetic reassortment.

      Some strains of avian influenza can be transmitted to humans and other animals but this is normally only the case following high levels of exposure to infected birds and/or their faecal matter. People most at risk would be those involved in intensive farming, in particular the poultry industry. These strains will normally only cause mild symptoms in humans but a current south-east Asian strain has caused a number of deaths. Although humans can be infected from birds the current highly pathogenic H5N1 strain does not readily infect people and there is very little chance, if any, for human-to-human spread of the disease.

      The main significance for human health is that birds could be the source of new strains of influenza virus. Existing bird strains could mutate to form a new strain, which could, in turn, readily infect humans. Likewise, if mammals are infected with both human and avian strains of the disease at the same time the mixing of genetic material from the two viruses might produce new strains. These strains would have the potential to spread readily between humans. If a new strain of avian flu was to mutate, humans would have little or no immunity to it and a serious worldwide epidemic could occur.

      Although avian influenza has hit the headlines on numerous occasions over the last few years the disease is yet to have a major impact in the UK, with only minor outbreaks which have been confined to poultry production units. The most recent outbreaks of avian influenza have been the low pathogenic strain with an outbreak of H7N2 in Conwy, North Wales in May 2007 and more recently an outbreak of the H7 strain in St Helens, Merseyside in June 2007. In both cases restrictions that were imposed on the sites concerned were removed promptly, in the case of Conwy within 5/6 weeks of investigation and in the case of St Helens within a day of investigation. The most recent outbreak of highly pathogenic avian flu was the strain H5N1 identified on a poultry unit in Holton, Suffolk in February 2007. Amongst restrictions imposed on the facility were a 3 km Protection Zone and a 10 km Surveillance Zone along with a much wider Restriction Zone. All restrictions were removed from the farm just over one month later.

      Although avian influenza has been restricted, in the main, to the mass production of poultry, the feral pigeon has inevitably been identified as one species that has the potential to carry and pass the disease onto humans based on the birds’ close association with man. The main focus of attention has been the racing pigeon industry due to the fact that it involves the transportation of pigeons across international borders. Clearly, if pigeons are released in EU countries where avian influenza is active, when they return to lofts in the UK there is clear potential for those birds to carry and transmit the disease to other domesticated birds, wild birds and animals and indeed humans. As it is migratory birds that are considered to be the main carriers of avian influenza, racing pigeons must also fall into this category as they are frequently required to cross international borders.

      Much research has been carried out to better understand the threat posed by the pigeon (feral and domesticated) and research is ongoing in many parts of the world, particularly in those countries worst affected. A thorough scientific research programme was undertaken following the outbreak of the highly pathogenic strain H5N2 in the north-eastern United States (in 1983/4) to assess the potential for wild birds to spread disease amongst local farms. The following species were included in this survey:

      • Wild and free-flying domestic ducks and geese
      • Wild or free-flying domestic birds (including pigeons)
      • Rodents
      • Dead or sick birds within the quarantine area

      Attempts to isolate the virus were conducted on a sample of 4,132 birds, of which 473 were pigeons, and of this number 92.6% were collected from infected farms. A further 81 feet, taken from dead pigeons, were also assessed for the purposes of the research - this is because pigeons commonly feed on agricultural sites and by walking in infected faecal matter the birds could potentially pass on the disease. In order to assess the sample, tracheal (throat) and vent (anus) swabs were taken from each bird. None of the 4,132 birds collected tested positive for the H5N2 strain. Blood samples taken from 383 pigeons were also negative for antibodies (antibodies are protective substances that are produced by the defensive network of the body in response to an infection) to avian influenza, an indication that infection by this virus had not occurred in these birds. An additional 50 pigeons, collected from within the quarantine zone, were also negative for the influenza virus. Experimental attempts made to infect pigeons with the highly pathogenic H5N2 strain of avian influenza did not result in either multiplication of the virus or any evidence of antibodies in the blood. The results of all of these studies indicated that pigeons were not infected with avian influenza and did not spread it.

      In another outbreak of avian influenza in the USA in 1993 (in the period February to May) blood samples were collected from 17 flocks of pigeons located within the quarantine area for evidence of antibodies to avian influenza. Flock sizes varied from 2000 - 3000 birds and represented a total of between 34,000 and 51,000 birds. Approximately 10 birds per flock were sampled (a total of 160 birds) and in every instance all pigeons tested were negative for antibodies to this avian influenza.

      Another study published in 1996 on the susceptibility of pigeons to avian influenza found that groups of pigeons inoculated with two strains of highly pathogenic influenza virus, or two strains of non-pathogenic virus, remained healthy during the 21-day trial period. The sample did not shed virus and did not develop antibodies to this disease - further evidence that pigeons are not a factor in the spread of avian influenza. More recent scientific evidence, from experimental work in 2001/2002, has shown that pigeons infected with the highly pathogenic form of the virus (designated H5N1 of Hong Kong origin) did not develop signs of this disease and did not have detectable changes to the disease in their tissues. Neither was the virus found in their tissues and nor was it re-isolated from swabs of tissues. These findings indicated once again that pigeons (along with starlings, rats and rabbits used in these studies) are largely resistant to infection with this highly pathogenic strain of the virus.

      It is quite clear from all the information available that avian influenza continues to be a threat to both humans and birds, but the likelihood of its transmission to humans as a result of contact with the feral pigeon or its faeces is virtually nil. The feral pigeon is reputed to be the ultimate disease-carrier, harbouring the capability to spread a huge variety of diseases to both humans and other birds and animals, but in reality this is a myth. As can be seen from the findings of several research programmes, the feral pigeon is at the bottom of the list of those species that have the potential to spread avian influenza and it is likely that this is the case with most of the other diseases that are commonly associated with the pigeon.

      PCRC, Unit 4, Sabre Buildings, Sabre Close, Newton Abbot, Devon, TQ12 6TW

      Aide-mémoire N°211
      Janvier 2018