Besides elemental iodine, iodide ion is also toxic.

When the level of iodide rises above the normal range, it causes symptoms resembling those of iodine deficiency. For example, goiter (which is formed when the thyroid gland is inflamed) can be caused by excess iodide as well as iodine deficiency.

The toxicities of iodine and iodide ion are the reasons why the body keeps only a trace amount of this element.

However, even this very small amount can cause sensitivity reactions in some people. Although iodine sensitivity is rare, it can still cause hives, rash and anaphylactic shock in affected individuals.

Iodine is supplied in foods and supplements as the iodide ions and it gets into the blood in this form.

The thyroid gland takes up iodide ions from the blood and uses them to manufacture thyroid hormones (T3 and T4) which are then released back into the body.

In a simple, well-structured system of control, the syntheses of T3 and T4 are controlled by another hormone (TSH or thyroid-stimulating hormone) released from the pituitary gland which itself is under the control of a fourth hormone (TRH or thyrotropin-releasing hormone) released from the hypothalamus.

T3 is the more active of the two thyroid hormones and, in most cases, T4 serves only as a precursor to T3. However, 90% of the hormones released from the thyroid gland is T4.

The conversion of T4 to T3 depends on a group of enzymes that needs selenium. Therefore, selenium supplementation may be added to iodine to improve thyroid function.

However, these selenium-dependent enzymes are also responsible for the conversion of T4 to reverse T3 and the conversion of T3 to T2 (diiodothyronine). While most experts once believed that both T2 and reverse T3 are inactive, new evidence suggests that reverse T3 is actually an anti-thyroid hormone that blocks T3.

The thyroid hormones (but mostly T3) act at the genetic level to regulate the basal metabolic rate.

When the production of these hormones slow down considerably, the resting metabolic rate of the body can reduce by as much as 50%. However, when these hormones are released in excess, the rate of metabolism can double.

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Rosemary (Rosmarinus) works as an antiseptic and an antimicrobial agent. In The Complete Book of Essential Oils and Aromatherapy, Valerie Ann Worwood suggests using a blend of rosemary, lemon and eucalyptus oils to massage the nose, cheekbones and temples in order to relieve congestion and discomfort.

9. Thieves

Thieves is a blend of clove (syzygium aromaticum), lemon, cinnamon bark (cinnamomum), eucalyptus and rosemary that was created by 15th century thieves during the plague. The oil blend is antiviral, antiseptic and antibacterial. It works well in a diffuser to help purify the air in your home or as a throat spray to soothe a sore throat.

A great way to get the benefits of essential oils is by breathing them so that they enter your body through the nose and lungs. You can use them in a diffuser or you can simply add four or five drops of the oil to a pot of boiled water. Cover your head with a towel while carefully leaning over the liquid and breathing in the steam.

Another option is to place a drop or two of the oils on a warm damp washcloth and then place the washcloth on your chest or your forehead to help relieve pain and congestion. Or add five to eight drops of oil to the water as you run your bath for a soothing, relaxing effect.

Essential oils are not a substitute for other proven methods for fighting colds such as getting enough fluids, getting enough rest or seeing your doctor if your symptoms worsen. However, if you are looking for natural ways to boost your body’s defenses during cold and flu season, it is well worth your time to investigate the impact essential oils can have on your health.

Which is your favorite essential oil to fight colds and flu? Share your tips in the section below:

Stomach Flu (Tummy Bug) – Signs, Symptoms and Treatment

Infectious gastroenteritis is often referred to as a tummy bug or the stomach flu. It may be caused by bacteria, viruses or protozoa. The incubation period and duration of the infection may vary depending on the causative microorganism and the action of the microbe or toxins.

The signs and symptoms of acute gastroenteritis should be discernible from other gastrointestinal conditions like irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Proper management is crucial and most of the time, treatment for acute infectious gastroenteritis is only necessary in prolonged cases or immunocompromised patients.

Refer to the article on Causes, Incubation Period and Duration of Infectious Gastroenteritis for further details on these aspects.

The common signs and symptoms include:

  • Nausea
    • Constant and does not always ease after vomiting.
    • Retching is the involuntary but unproductive effort to vomit.
    • Heartburn and chest pain may be present as gastric contents rise up the esophagus coupled with muscle spasm from retching.
  • Vomiting
    • Severe with recurrent retching after expulsion.
    • May settle in the latter stages of the infection although nausea may still be present.
    • Eating solid foods usually aggravates nausea and vomiting.
    • Bloody vomit (hematemesis) is not always present and may only occur with persistent or violent vomiting (refer to gastritis caused by a Mallory-Weiss tear).
  • Diarrhea
    • Frequent, watery stools (large volume) often accompanied by intestinal cramps.
    • Certain infections and persistent diarrhea may result in bloody stools (melena

      black, tarry; hematochezia

      red, bloody).

    • Diarrhea may be mild in some infections.
    • Constant urging (tenesmus) may persist between evacuations.
  • Abdominal discomfort
    • Ranging from a dull ache, to colicky or severe abdominal pain.
    • Bloating and tenderness often present, especially in bacterial infections.
  • Fever
    • Fever may be absent in some cases of infectious gastroenteritis – bacterial toxins may not cause a fever.
    • Other microorganism may cause a low, moderate or high fever.
    • Varies from >100F/37.7C to 104F/40C – temperatures in excess of 104F/40C requires immediate medical attention.
  • Dehydration
    • Complication of fluid loss – vomiting, diarrhea, perspiration.
    • May be moderate to severe and may lead to death if left untreated.
    • Dizziness, dry mouth, poor skin turgor and fainting.
    • Signs of shock due to severe dehydration – immediate medical attention necessary.

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If you’re having trouble with lousy breath on the keto diet, check out my article on keto and bad breath.

I hope this helps. I know it helped me get over the worst of the dreaded keto flu.

We have been asked a lot about the swine influenza and whether or not people need to get a swine flu vaccine. Here is the latest info on the subject.

Swine influenza is actually a broad term used to refer to a number of types of influenza viruses that are contracted by pigs. Some types of swine flu can also be contracted by humans. Humans can get swine flu from pigs, but this is pretty rare. Humans can also pass swine flu on to other humans.

The current (2009) outbreak of swine flu (H1N1) is not actually a virus that people can get from pigs. It is very similar to a virus that pigs get, but it is not the same. The name is deceiving.

People spread this swine flu virus to other people the same way the regular flu is spread. It's a virus and when people with swine flu cough or sneeze, tiny droplets of the virus are sprayed into the air. If you breathe in these droplets, you can catch swine flu. Also, if a person with swine flu coughs or sneezes on something like a phone or doorknob and you touch that object and then touch your mouth or nose, you can catch the flu.

While most cases of swine influenza are fairly mild, it can be a very serious illness and people do die from it. People die from the regular flu, as well, but the swine flu is more likely to be deadly. It is wise to take steps to prevent getting sick.

A swine flu vaccine has recently been approved, and is expected to be available around mid-October of 2009. The swine flu vaccine will probably require two different shots, given a week or two apart. The vaccine will take a couple weeks to "kick in," so you would not actually be immune until some time in November. Contact your doctor in October if you are interested in getting a swine flu vaccine. The regular flu vaccine will not protect you against swine flu.

Treatment for swine influenza is pretty much the same as treatment for other types of flu. In most cases, the virus will clear up on its own even without any treatment. However, treatment may speed the recovery process, and there is treatment available to help with the symptoms as well.

Antiviral medications may be prescribed to speed to the recovery process. They work by preventing the virus from replicating itself. Antiviral medications are not usually necessary, but can be helpful. You will need to see your doctor and get a prescription if you want to try them.

There are a number of over-the-counter remedies that can help relieve flu symptoms. Try Tylenol for fever, an antihistamine for runny nose and sneezing, and a cough suppressant for cough. You can have problems if you take too many over-the-counter drugs at one time, though, so you might do best to talk to your doctor or pharmacist about which medications would be best to take.

Although over-the-counter flu remedies will provide some relief, we have found two products that may be significantly more effective:

  • A highly recommended natural flu remedy is Sambucol. It is a homeopathic remedy that relieves flu symptoms, including fever, headache, body aches, chills, sore throat, coughing, and sneezing. It also helps speed the recovery process.

See your doctor in mid-fall if you want to get a swine flu vaccine. If you do catch the flu, you do not normally need to see a doctor, as the symptoms will generally go away on their own without treatment. However, if your symptoms are particularly severe, if you have a high fever, if your symptoms last longer than a week, or if you have trouble breathing, you should see a doctor. While most cases of the flu, including swine flu, are fairly mild, the flu can be serious, even deadly, so contact your doctor if you have concerns.

Animal influenza viruses are distinct from human seasonal influenza viruses and do not easily transmit between humans. However, zoonotic influenza viruses - animal influenza viruses that may occasionally infect humans through direct or indirect contact - can cause disease in humans ranging from a mild illness to death.

Birds are the natural hosts for avian influenza viruses. After an outbreak of A(H5N1) virus in 1997 in poultry in Hong Kong SAR, China, since 2003, this avian and other influenza viruses have spread from Asia to Europe and Africa. In 2013, human infections with the influenza A(H7N9) virus were reported in China.

Most swine influenza viruses do not cause disease in humans, but some countries have reported cases of human infection from certain swine influenza viruses. Close proximity to infected pigs or visiting locations where pigs are exhibited has been reported for most human cases, but some limited human-to-human transmission has occurred.

Just like birds and pigs, other animals such as horses and dogs, can be infected with their own influenza viruses (canine influenza viruses, equine influenza viruses, etc.).

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I have now been using progesterone cream for two months, and I'm already experiencing a difference. I had only one migraine this month instead of many, no cramps, less spotting, and a lighter flow. I highly recommend to have your hormones checked if any of these symptoms apply to you!

26) I have been suffering from anxiety and panic attacks for years and have been treated with meds like prozac and paxil off and on. Anxiety is still a problem, especially around my period and ovulation. I also have been diagnosed with infertility due to endometriosis. I recently had the saliva tests done and my progesterone levels were very low. I now am on 50mg of bioidentical progesterone. This is my first month and my anxiety has gotten worse!

I am just wondering if after a few months on the progesterone will things get better? I am really worried and stressed every day if I am going to wake up with anxiety. I feel like it has taken over my life.

25) I was just tested. My progesterone level was.5! I have had anxiety issues for months. I also have severe insomnia. I felt nonhuman. I am angry all the time.

My poor husband has been fantastic, but I feel miserable. I am on zoloft, xanax and restoril until my hormone replacement arrives this week. I am only 42 years old. I have had this issue for years. I am so tired of being told I am too young for this. Why aren't more doctors and people talking about this?

24) I would suggest as already mentioned, to seek out a doctor who does bioidentical hormone replacement therapy. It is all natural and much better for our bodies. This really makes a difference for all of those mentioned side effects of low progesterone. I am on 50mg for the very first time, so am already feeling a little better, however, will be able to tell after a few more months. Thanks

23) all of these women have some of the same symptoms I had and several more. Severe headaches at times, amenorrhea, overwhelming fatigue, thinning of my skin, horrible panic attacks, low back pain, urinating frequently, malaise, respiratory infections that recurred over and over for no reason.

I researched it extensively, as no doctor was helping at all. I started on progesterone cream, natural progesterone only. Large dosing initially to combat the dominance of the estrogen. I used 200mg daily to start and within days the symptoms subsided. Now on daily lower doses. everyone is different but it was a miracle for me.

22) I just found out my progesterone level is low after TTC for 14 mos. I had to push doc for a test. It is a 5.4, what is a normal level? I too, notice my hair has been thinning and I have complained to the doc several times about heavy, clotty periods.

21) Waited to raise my son, finish my education and finally for my second - now good marriage - and bam! Now I am told I am in menopause!

Started my own research and using progesterone capsules and cream - trying to have this planned baby. No, traditional male docs just aren't following through here. You've got to do your own legwork and pray!

Whether wanting to deal with the menopause or try to reverse the bioclock, I recommend the hormone cream at least. Good luck out there!

20) I get severe headaches, body chills, severe cramping, fatigue and heavy bleeding before my period starts and during as well. My gyno tested and said that my progesterone is low, but the pills are not working. I had a miscarriage because of this hormone issue.

19) I have been on natural progesterone that is made specifically for me at a compounding pharmacy for the last five years. I was diagnosed through saliva testing, which is more specific than blood.

I had the symptoms mentioned by others. Severe bad moods, period slightly erratic, severe headaches caused by both migraines and at other times by tension, exhaustion, no libido, and hair falling out.

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It is not clear, however, if frequent heartburn actually causes people to develop asthma. Although many people who have heartburn also have asthma and vice versa, the reasons for this overlap aren't clear.

Experts think stomach acid can trigger nerves in the chest to constrict your breathing tubes in order to keep acid from entering. Again, a simple pH test to look for acid in your esophagus may help you get to the bottom of the problem.

Photo: Getty Images

Nausea is associated with so many things that it can be hard to attribute it to reflux. But, says Dr. Coyle, "in some people, the only manifestation they have of reflux is nausea. If you have nausea and can't figure out why, one of the things [to] think about is reflux."

And if the nausea tends to come on right after meals, that's even more of an indication that it might be acid reflux. If so, a regular antacid treatment such as an over-the-counter acid-countering medicine could cut down on your discomfort.

Photo: Getty Images

If your mouth all of a sudden starts producing extra saliva, it could be water brash, which is highly suggestive of acid reflux, Dr. Coyle says.

It involves the same nerves and reflex as when you vomit. "It is your body trying to wash out an irritant in your esophagus," he says.

Photo: Getty Images

Over time, the continuous cycle of damage and healing after acid reflux causes scarring, Dr. Pfanner says. This, in turn, causes swelling in the lower-esophagus tissue, resulting in a narrowing of the esophagus and difficulty swallowing.

Eine Grippe (Influenza) kann sehr unterschiedlich ablaufen: Milde, erkältungsähnliche Grippesymptome sind ebenso möglich wie eine schwere Erkrankung, die im Extremfall sogar tödlich enden kann.

Gerade anfangs kann man die Grippe leicht mit einer Erkältung verwechseln. Der Unterschied zwischen Influenza und Erkältung zeigt sich im Verlauf und in der Schwere der Erkrankung.

Die Grippe ist eine plötzlich auftretende, fieberhafte Viruserkrankung, die durch verschiedene Grippeviren entsteht. Da sie im Winter häufiger vorkommt, wird sie auch "saisonale Grippe" genannt.

Typischerweise tritt die Grippe zeitlich und örtlich gehäuft auf: Dann spricht man von einer Grippewelle oder Epidemie. In größeren Zeitabständen von mehreren Jahren bis Jahrzehnten breitet sich die Influenza länderübergreifend beziehungsweise weltweit aus – dies bezeichnet man als Pandemie.

Die Erkrankungs- und Sterberate schwankt bei der Influenza allerdings stark. In manchen Jahren steigt die normale Sterblichkeitsrate trotz Grippefällen gar nicht an. Doch während einer einzelnen Grippesaison können auch mehrere Tausend Menschen mehr als sonst sterben. So gab es beispielsweise durch die besonders heftige Grippewelle 2012/13 in Deutschland über 20.000 zusätzliche Todesfälle. Daher ist eine Influenza nie als harmlos anzusehen.

Typisch für die echte Grippe (Influenza): Man fühlt sich schlagartig richtig krank.

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Another example of non-contagious food poisoning recently happened to a friend and her husband after having dinner at a restaurant. They had different meals but they both got the same house salad (lettuce, eggs, tomato, cheese, croutons, cucumbers, and creamy Italian dressing). My friend went to bed at 9:30pm and thought her stomach felt odd but she fell asleep anyway. She woke up at 10:15pm and had to run to the toilet to vomit. She had 1 violent episode of vomiting and then felt okay. She slept the rest of the night. She was perfectly fine the next day. This seems like a case of non-contagious food poisoning because it came on so quickly after the meal and was over quickly. Although it is possible to vomit just 1 time from a stomach flu virus, they usually don't end that quickly. Her husband had a different story. He had a stomachache after dinner just like she did. However, he did not vomit. He had a stomachache for the next 2 days and then had diarrhea for the following 3 days. He wasn't right for a week. If I was just looking at his symptoms, I'd say that he probably has something contagious. However, since his wife most definitely has the non-contagious form, and they both felt sick at the same time, I would blame it on a bad salad. This example shows us that even the same bad food can affect people differently. I know throwing up is scary but when you eat something bad, it is probably the fastest way to feel better. My friend's husband didn't throw up and kept the bad stuff in. He was sick all week.


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The signs or symptoms of leukemia may vary depending on whether you have an acute or chronic type of leukemia.

Acute leukemia may cause signs and symptoms that are similar to the flu. They come on suddenly within days or weeks.

Chronic leukemia often causes only a few symptoms or none at all. Signs and symptoms usually develop gradually. People with a chronic leukemia often complain that they just do not feel well. The disease is often found during a routine blood test.

Other health conditions can cause the same symptoms as leukemia. See your doctor if you have:

  • fatigue
  • a general feeling of discomfort or illness (called malaise)
  • loss of appetite
  • weight loss
  • fever
  • shortness of breath
  • paleness
  • rapid heartbeat (called palpitations)
  • weakness
  • dizziness
  • easy bruising
  • frequent or severe nose bleeds
  • bleeding gums
  • bleeding in the middle of a menstrual cycle or heavy menstrual flow
  • tiny, flat, red spots caused by bleeding just under the surface of the skin (called petechiae)
  • frequent infections in the lungs, urinary tract or gums or around the anus
  • frequent cold sores
  • vomiting
  • headache
  • sore throat
  • night sweats
  • bone or joint pain
  • enlarged lymph nodes in the neck, underarm, groin or above the collarbone
  • abdominal discomfort or feeling of fullness
  • vision problems
  • sores in the eyes
  • swelling of the testicles
  • chloroma – a collection of leukemia cells, or blasts, under the skin or in other parts of the body
  • leukemia cutis – appears as sores or as patches of any size that are usually pink or tan in colour
  • leukocytoclastic vasculitis – a condition that looks like an allergic reaction on the skin and usually causes sores on the hands and feet
  • Sweet’s syndrome, or acute febrile neutrophilic dermatosis – causes fever and painful sores that may appear anywhere on the body

In some cases, leukemia or its treatments can cause serious problems. These cancer-related emergencies need to be treated right away.

Tumour lysis syndrome can occur when chemotherapy is given to treat acute leukemia, but the cancer cells die quickly and the kidneys can’t remove the substances they release from the blood fast enough. Find out more about tumour lysis syndrome.

Superior vena cava syndrome (SVCS) may occur when too many leukemia cells develop in the thymus, causing it to get bigger and block the windpipe. SVCS may develop with acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL). Find out more about superior vena cava syndrome.

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I would think the fever should be gone by now if you have taken her in 2 times. If it's been more than 3 or 4 days, definitely. Especially since you're pregnant and can't afford to get something serious. I hope she gets better soon!

My pediatrician told me that 105 temp is when you need to get them to the ER. That answer scared the heck out of me. I keep an ample supply of popcicles on hand in the event of a fever. The doctor told me to give them as many popcicles as they will take just stay away from the red ones. If they eat red and then throw up they cant distinguish between blood and popcicle. The popcicles seem to work better for my son that the Tylenol and Advil and I dont feel like I was over medicating.

I don't think I know enough details to give an accurate opinion, but I have a couple of thoughts and questions.

1. how long has she had the fever, if it's just a few days, I would make sure she has plenty of water and sleep and not worry too much about it. Dehydration is very serious, so water is crucial.
2. if it has been 5 days or more, what other symptoms does she have? diarrhea? vomiting? lethargic? lack of appetite? cough? achy?
3. Those temparatures are pretty high, but I believe the danger zone is 105.

See if you can find the homeopathic remedy Oscillococcinum. It is usually at natural food stores, but it can also be found at Fred Meyer and maybe other places now, too (like Rite Aid). It is safe for ages 2+, and if it is the flu that she has, I think this will help her. At the very least, it can't hurt her. My favorite book on this subject is "Flu: Alternative Treatments and Prevention" by Randall Neustaedter (find it on Amazon). It would be good for you to keep the Oscillococcinum on hand for yourself as well since you are pregnant and might not be able to take other remedies. Hope this helps and that your little one gets better fast!

Tylenol temporarily supresses the immune system. As long as the fever never goes over 105, your child will be fine. The point of the fever is to make the body uninhabitable for the organisms making her sick, so as long as it isn't too high, you don't want to bring it down. Instead you want to give her lots of fluids and help her stay comfortable.

I recommend running down to your local health food store and picking up Dr Christopher's tincture called Kid-e-Well Cold and Flu Formula. I also recommend visiting for more information on when it is necessary to take your child to the emergency room for a fever.

may God bless your child and keep you strong!

I don't blame you for being concerned. It is always unnerving when your child has a high fever. I had similar concerns about what if a child's fever peaks during the night & I'm not aware of it. I talked to my pediatrician about it and he reassured me that if a child's fever is too high, they will never sleep through it. They will feel so awful they will always wake up. That knowledge gives me some peace of mind when I go to sleep at night while my kids are sick. Hopefully it will do the same for you.

I would just keep in touch with my doctor if the fever persists & follow his/her advice.

Our son was 2 when he got the flu and ran a fever 103-104 for 8 days ( worst at night ). It was miserable then and we didn't sleep much but he is 8 and healthy. Fevers do not cause brain damage until 107 or so and they are how the body fights the illness. Make sure he keeps drinking and to lots of snuggling when he feels rotten and he should come through OK.

You are not crazy to be concerned. It is very scarey when a little one gets that high a fever. Remember to keep her fluid intake up so she does not get dehydrated. Soups, Water, juices etc.. At fevers that high there is always the possibility of a fever induced seizure. I have never had it happen to my children who are teenagers now but recently one of my daycare children spiked a fever (during a simple bout of cold) for no reason over a week-end and had a seizure. Scared both parents. If your child's fever does not break soon I would take her to the MD. It never hurts to have them do a check of the child to be sure it is just a virus and not an infection. you can never be too careful with little ones. Also you don't need to live with this stress while being 4 - 5 month pregnant.

Sounds like you did all the right stuff to bring her fever down and I am hoping it is down now. Things you can do to keep her from getting sick in the future are to boost her immune system. Echinacea, goldenseal, garlic, vitamins A and C and zinc are all great ways to boost our immune system. You can take all or some, they all help in different ways. Keep her away from sugar and white flour, both of which lower your immune system and make you vulnerable to illnesses.
(and tend to make kids whiney.)
I wrote a book called Shopper's Guide to Healthy Living that will help get you started keeping your family healthy. It takes only four hours to read and has many great explanations, references and tear-out shopping lists. Good luck!
K. Loidolt

My son was plagued with high fevers(105) all the time. I was told by a Dr. to not do the luke warm baths, but to take a cold wet washcloth and put it in the groin area and armpits. It worked like a charm for us. 106 you need to bring to ER. Seizures were a concern for me also, but he never had one(thank God). We kept on the alternating motrin and tylenol and sometimes all it did was keep it at that temp and not lower it. Remember, fevers as scary as they are, are they way their little bodies fight. Fevers are good. If it doesn't go away after a few days then call the Dr. again to make sure she is still in the same diagnosis. Also, wake her in the night to give meds, to keep fever down.

I am a Mother of two boys, 5 and 2. Stay at home during the week and work weekends.

My 2yr old just had the flu. We took him to the ER room because he was holding his breath off and on due to his body hurting all over. The ER said taking him there was the right thing to do. He to was running fevers that would get very high. They did a flu test on him and he came up positive. They gave him medication for the flu and he started getting better (not right away). He also ended up with two ear infections during this time too. The flu is lasting up to a month to get rid of all symptoms.
We were very frightened because a 4 yr old boy just died from the flu. We were afraid that we were being over protective. If you feel that something isn't right, take him in.
Hope this helps.

My 2 (now 3) year old was very very sick last winter also. The Dr. told me that they aren't really concerned in little ones until the fever gets to 105-106! Scary I know, but it is true. Her fever got so high that it made blood vessels rupture in her nose. It is so very scary I know - but they are so resilient. Fevers are a good thing. It means her body is fighting and that's a good sign. Just hang in there - it will pass.

Sounds like everything is normal. Take her to the emergency room at 104.5. Give her pedialite and water. Fever is the natural way the human body fights disease. It does 2 things, increase your fighter T-cells and your white blood immunity cells. The other thing is when we have a fever disease is unable to live in that environment so a fever actually kills disease.

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    Nimmt die Grippe einen komplizierten Verlauf, verursachen oft Bakterien zusätzlich zu den Influenza-Viren Krankheitssymptome. Eine solche bakterielle Superinfektion lässt sich dann mit Antibiotika behandeln. Diese töten die Bakterien ab, wirken jedoch nicht gegen die Grippe-Viren.

    Verschiedene Medikamente können die Grippe-Symptome dämpfen und die Krankheit damit erträglicher machen. Gegen Kopfschmerzen oder Gliederschmerzen helfen Schmerzmittel wie Ibuprofen, Acetylsalicylsäure oder Paracetamol. Achtung: Kinder sollten bei Grippe keine Acetylsalicylsäure einnehmen. Hohes Fieber können Sie mit fiebersenkenden Medikamenten behandeln - auch hier helfen die vorgenannten Wirkstoffe. Zudem können bei entsprechenden Symptomen Hustensäfte oder abschwellende Nasentropfen sinnvoll sein.

    Hausmittel werden oft begleitend zu einer medikamentösen Therapie eingesetzt. Die folgenden Hausmittel können helfen, die Grippe-Beschwerden zu bessern:

    Wadenwickel sind ein altbewährtes Mittel gegen Fieber. Man taucht ein Handtuch in lauwarmes Wasser, wringt es aus und wickelt es locker um die Waden. An den befeuchteten Waden entsteht eine Verdunstungskälte, die den gesamten Körper kühlt. Das Fieber sinkt.

    Bei starkem Husten und Schnupfen ist Inhalieren ein geeignetes Hausmittel. Inhaliergeräte gibt es in der Apotheke. Sie können aber auch mit einem einfachen Kochtopf und einem Handtuch inhalieren. Dazu wird Wasser mit Salz aufgekocht. Nachdem das Wasser gekocht hat, können Sie Kamille-, Salbei- oder Pfefferminztees hinzugeben. Dann breitet man ein Handtuch über dem Kopf aus und atmet den mit den ätherischen Pflanzenstoffen angereicherten Wasserdampf zehn Minuten lang ein. Der Vorgang kann mehrmals täglich wiederholt werden.

    Auch bei Wasserbädern mit Aromaöl-Zusätzen aus Anis, Eukalyptus, Minze, Kiefern- und Fichtennadeln werden die heilenden Aromastoffe eingeatmet und die Atemwege befeuchtet. Vollbäder entspannen und lindern den Husten. Bei hohem Fieber sollten Sie allerdings nicht baden, da der Kreislauf dann zu sehr belastet wird.

    Bei einer Grippe ist es wichtig ausreichend Flüssigkeit zu sich zu nehmen, da der Kreislauf durch das Fieber mehr Wasser verliert. Zudem können die Atemwege den Schleim besser abtransportieren, wenn sie gut befeuchtet werden. Besonders unterstützend wirken beispielsweise Holunderblütentee, Lindenblütentee, Ingwertee, Kamillentee, Pfefferminztee, Salbeitee und Tee aus Ginseng. Holunder- und Lindenblüten erhöhen die Schleimproduktion in den Bronchien, Ingwer hemmt die Entzündung und lindert Schmerzen. Kamille wirkt ebenfalls entzündungshemmend und stimuliert das Immunsystem. Ginseng hilft bei Erschöpfung.

    Hühnersuppe ist ein hervorragendes Nahrungsmittel bei Infektionskrankheiten. Sie führt dem Körper Flüssigkeit und wichtige Salze (Elektrolyte) zu. Außerdem wird der Hühnersuppe auch eine gewisse antibakterielle Wirkung nachgesagt.

    Ein bis vier Tage nachdem man sich mit dem Influenza-Virus infiziert hat, treten die ersten Beschwerden auf. Infizierte Personen sind allerdings häufig schon vor dem Ausbruch der Symptome selbst ansteckend.

    Die Grippe kann einen sehr unterschiedlichen Verlauf nehmen. Bei einer normalen Grippe verschwindet das Fieber nach fünf bis sieben Tagen. Symptome wie Husten, Schnupfen oder ein Schwächegefühl können aber noch ein bis zwei Wochen länger anhalten.

    Bei Menschen mit einer geschwächten Immunabwehr wie Kinder, ältere Menschen, Schwangere oder Patienten mit chronischen Erkrankungen (vor allem Atemwegserkrankungen) dauert eine Grippe oft länger. Es können dann zudem Komplikationen auftreten, die in seltenen Fällen sogar tödlich enden.

    Weil das Grippe-Virus durch veränderte Genabschnitte ständig neue Subtypen entwickelt, kann man mehrmals im Leben an der Grippe erkranken. Im Gegensatz zu anderen Infektionskrankheiten, die man nur einmal bekommt, weil das Immunsystem dann wirksame Schutzmechanismen gegen den Erreger entwickelt hat, wird man also gegen Grippe nicht dauerhaft immun.

    Dies gilt zumindest für das häufigere Influenza-A-Virus. Es gibt jedoch verschiedenen Grippe-Viren-Typen. Typ B verändert sich viel langsamer, so dass man meist nur einmal im Leben an einer Grippe durch Influenza-B-Viren erkrankt, häufig bereits im Kindesalter. Die Krankheit verläuft meist mild.

    Ebenfalls meist mild ist der Verlauf der sogenannten Sommergrippe, die eigentlich gar keine „echte Grippe“ ist. Denn sie wird nicht durch Influenza-Viren ausgelöst, sondern durch Enteroviren. Wie der Name schon sagt, tritt sie meist im Sommer auf und verläuft ähnlich wie eine Erkältungskrankheit.

    Wie man eine Sommergrippe von einer Grippe unterscheidet und Informationen zur Behandlung der Sommergrippe lesen sie im Beitrag Sommergrippe

    Wer den Verdacht hat, sich mit dem Grippe-Virus infiziert zu haben, sollte zu einem Arzt gehen. Insbesondere Personen mit einem erhöhten Risiko wie ältere Menschen oder chronisch Kranke sollten bereits bei den ersten Anzeichen einer Grippe ihren Hausarzt aufsuchen.

    In vielen Fällen kann der Arzt anhand der Krankengeschichte und einer körperlichen Untersuchung bereits feststellen, ob ein Patient an einer Influenza oder nur an einem grippalen Infekt (Erkältung) erkrankt ist. Wenn es dem Betroffenen aber sehr schlecht geht oder die Gefahr besteht, dass die Erkrankung einen schweren Verlauf nimmt, ist ein Virus-Nachweis sinnvoll. Wenn dieser positiv ausfällt, kann sofort mit einer gegen Viren wirkenden Behandlung begonnen werden.

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    • Coma
    • Coughing and shortness of breath
    • Difficult or painful swallowing
    • Extreme fatigue
    • Fever
    • Mental symptoms such as confusion and forgetfulness
    • Nausea, abdominal cramps and vomiting
    • Seizures and lack of coordination
    • Severe, persistent diarrhea
    • Severe headaches
    • Vision loss
    • Weight loss

    Many opportunistic infections associated with AIDS cause serious illness. Some may be prevented. Below is a list of infections and how they affect the body.

    Cryptoccoccal Menigitis — This is a yeast-like fungus infection that usually involves the brain and lungs, although it can affect almost any organ. The fungus that causes this condition is found in soil throughout the world. It is most common in soil contaminated by bird droppings. This disease most often occurs when a person's CD4+ T cell count falls below 100 cells per cubic millimeter of blood.

    HIV-related Encephalopathy — Encephalopathy is a term for diseases that alter brain function or structure, leading to problems with cognitive function, or mental processes, and memory. In people with HIV and AIDS, encephalopathy is usually caused by an infectious agent, such as a bacteria, virus or prion.

    Encephalopathy most often occurs when a person's CD4+T cell count falls below 50 cells per cubic millimeter of blood. Toxoplasma-seropositive patients who have a CD4+T cell count of less than 100 cells per cubic millimeter of blood should be treated with prophylaxis to prevent developing encephalopathy.

    Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy (PML) — Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy is a rare disorder of the nervous system caused by a common human polyomavirus, JC virus. It leads to the destruction of the myelin sheath that covers nerve cells. The myelin sheath is the fatty covering that acts as an insulator on nerve fibers in the brain. Symptoms include mental deterioration, vision loss, speech disturbances, inability to coordinate movements, paralysis and ultimately coma. In rare cases, seizures may occur.

    This disease can occur when the CD4+T cell count falls below 200 cells per cubic millimeter of blood.

    Toxoplasmosis — This condition occurs when a parasite infects the brain. Symptoms include confusion or delusional behavior, severe headaches, fever, seizures and coma. It can affect the eye, causing eye pain and reduced vision.

    Toxoplasmosis most likely occurs when the CD4+ T cell count falls below 100 cells per cubic millimeter of blood. Preventative treatment — usually with trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, also called Septra and Bactrim — may be administered when the CD4+ T cell count falls below 100 cells per cubic millimeter of blood.

    Cytomegalovirus (CMV) — Although this virus can affect the entire body, it commonly affects the eye's retina, causing blurry vision and in severe cases, blindness. Other common symptoms include chronic diarrhea and nerve problems. It is most likely to occur when a person’s CD4+ T cell count falls below 100 cells per cubic millimeter of blood.

    Cryptosporidiosis — This is a parasite that can cause chronic diarrhea. Other symptoms include stomach cramps, nausea, fatigue, weight loss, appetite loss, vomiting and dehydration.

    This infection is difficult to treat and there is no definitive effective treatment. Symptom control and treatment of HIV are necessary.

    Cytomegalovirus — Although this virus can affect the entire body, it commonly occurs in the stomach, causing fever, diarrhea and stomach pain. It most likely occurs when the CD4+ T cell count falls below 50 cells per cubic millimeter of blood.

    Mycobacterium Avium Complex — This is a bacterial infection that can cause persistent fever, night sweats, fatigue, weight loss, anemia, abdominal pain, dizziness, diarrhea and weakness. The bacteria that cause this infection is found in water, dust, soil and bird droppings.

    This disease most likely occurs when the CD4+T cell count falls below 50 cells per cubic millimeter of blood. Preventive treatment, usually with azithromycin, is administered when CD4+ T cells are less than 50 cells per cubic millimeter of blood.

    Candidiasis — Candidiasis is an infection caused by the candida fungi. Also known as a yeast infection, it's the most common HIV-related fungus infection. It can affect the entire body, but most commonly occurs in the mouth, called thrush, or vagina. An overgrowth of yeast in the vagina can cause irritation, itching, burning and thick white discharge.

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    How Long Before a Dog with Parvo Begins Showing Symptoms?

    Parvo is a systemic infection that affects the intestinal lining in canines. The infection can spread through a litter of puppies by way of infected feces. Puppies usually die within hours or days after symptoms show up. Dehydration is the primary cause of death, and treatment with fluids can save a puppy if applied quickly and forcibly. Veterinarians treating a puppy with parvo will usually begin an I.V. immediately, hoping to combat the illness with a flood of fluids to hydrate the puppy. An infusion of promethazine, or some other anti-nausea drug, will help prevent reguritation.

    If your puppy, or puppies, are exposed to the parvo virus, they may not show symptoms until six to ten days afterwards. These symptoms include a watery diarrhea, vomiting, weakness and loss of appetite. Parvo is a very serious and deadly condition for dogs, and once they have contacted the virus, the chance of survival is less than twenty percent. Even so, with prompt and aggressive treatment, some puppies have survived this deadly disease. Proper treatment of parvo includes a good supply of fluids and antibiotics, as well as other nutrients added to rehydration solutions.

    Parvo should be treated as soon as possible. If you cannot afford the services of a veterinarian, you should aggressively treat your puppy by forcing liquids with a meat basting syringe. Gatorade, clear broth or infant pedialyte can help hydrate a sick puppy, but must be forcibly given as often as possible. Home treatment must replicate the treatment from a veterinary office which provides hydration intravenously, so you must force the liquids every few minutes. You can make an effective oral rehydration solution by adding a teaspoon of salt and two tablespoons of sugar to a quart of sugar.

    The cardiac form of parvo affects the respiratory system of dogs. Cardiovascular parvo is rare, and is usually contacted by the unborn puppy before birth. Puppies may be stillborn or die soon after birth, due to the disease causing cardiovascular failure. The utero infection will normally affect all of the unborn puppies. Keeping dogs vaccinated against parvo from three weeks to age three or four has greatly reduced the presence of this form of parvo at birth.

    Parvo is a preventable disease. Vaccines given at six to eight weeks can protect a litter of puppies from this devastating killer. Many people can lose every puppy they have from parvo. If one puppy has it, chances are every puppy will become infected. Since symptoms can take up to six days to show up, if one puppy shows signs of parvo, you should take every puppy in the litter to the vet immediately. Dogs should have parvo vaccines every three weeks following the intial vaccination, up to twenty weeks of age. Booster shots should also be given after a year of age and every year afterwards.

    Parvo is a disease that spreads quickly and should be taken seriously. It is considered extremely contagious. If one puppy has it, you are right to assume every puppy will be affected. Disinfecting the kennel or sleeping area of the dogs with bleach can help, but once exposed, every puppy should be examined by a veterinarian immediately. The parvo virus has been known to stay active and affect the soil of a contaminated kennel area for up to one year.

    Do not expect any result except death if puppy or dog is not promptly treated. The vaccinations available are harmless and offer protection from all known strains of the disease.

    Try out Parvo-K, a natural remedy to maintain normal body temperature, digestive harmony, and support healthy hydration in dogs.

    Lots of people have brought their puppies back from the brink with this fantastic product!

    Doctors usually define catarrh as an excess of thick phlegm or mucus in one of the airways or cavities of the body. What are the symptoms of catarrh?

    Doctors usually define catarrh as an excess of thick phlegm or mucus in one of the airways or cavities of the body.

    This most commonly occurs in the sinuses at the front of the face either side of the nose, but can also occur in the throat, ears or chest.

    Although catarrh is not a condition in itself, it's often a symptom of other conditions such as a cold, hay fever or other types of allergy-triggered problem, or nasal polyps (fleshy swellings inside the nose).

    Catarrh is caused by the body's natural defences – the immune system – reacting to an infection or irritation.

    When this occurs, it sends white blood cells to the source of the infection or irritation, which then releases molecules that cause the mucous membranes to swell and produce mucus.

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    Budesonide 1,600 mcg by MDI with nebuhaler and face mask for first three days, then 800 mcg for another seven days

    Total of 10 days

    Two to five years

    Six to 11 years

    Nasal irrigation with saline17

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    Pelargonium sidoides (geranium) extract (Umcka Coldcare)18

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    10 to 30 drops (depending on age)

    Two to five years