The following people are most at risk of complications:

  • Children younger than 5 years old
  • People with chronic diseases
  • Pregnant women
  • Women who gave birth in the last 4 weeks
  • People aged 65 years and over

If you or your child are among people most at risk of complications and have symptoms of the flu, call Info-Santé 811. A nurse will evaluate your health and make recommendations based on your condition.

The flu virus lives best in fresh and dry areas. It can live up to 2 days on contaminated objects or up to 5 minutes on skin.

The flu virus is very contagious. It is spread quickly from person to person in the following ways:

  • By droplets sprayed through the mouth or nose by an infected person when they cough or sneeze
  • By direct contact with secretions from the nose or throat from a person with the flu, when kissing for instance
  • When you bring your hand to your nose, mouth or eyes after shaking the hand of someone infected or touching contaminated objects

A person infected with flu virus may be contagious:

  • 24 hours before showing symptoms
  • Up to 7 days after onset of symptoms, and sometimes even a bit longer.

Young children and seniors can be contagious for up to 14 days following onset of symptoms.

If you have the flu, avoid direct contact as much as possible with people most at risk of complications. This way, you reduce the risk of transmitting the illness to them.

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Stay at home as much as possible to prevent passing on the infection.

Paracetamol and/or ibuprofen can lower your temperature and also ease aches and pains. Drink plenty of fluids to prevent lack of fluid in the body (dehydration). It is best not to smoke. Decongestant drops, throat lozenges and saline nasal drops may be helpful to ease nose and throat symptoms.

Note: parents and carers should not use over-the-counter cough and cold medicines in children under 6 years old. There is no evidence that they work and they can cause side-effects such as allergic reactions, effects on sleep, or even hallucinations.

Antiviral medicines called oseltamivir (trade name Tamiflu®) and zanamivir (trade name Relenza®) are sometimes used. Antiviral medicines do not kill the virus but interfere with the way the virus multiplies. Antiviral medicines do not cure flu or offer long-term protection against flu. If you do not have an antiviral medicine you are still likely to make a full recovery. However, antiviral medicines may reduce the risk of developing complications. They may also reduce the severity and duration of symptoms by a day or two.

An antiviral medicine may be prescribed if you are at increased risk of developing complications when you have flu (see list below). Treatment is usually taken for five days. GPs are only allowed to prescribe an antiviral medicine when national surveillance schemes show there is a lot of flu in the community. An antiviral medicine is also often used in people who are admitted to hospital with flu.

Medication may also be prescribed to certain people to prevent flu - for example, if you live in a residential home and there is an outbreak of flu in the home. It is also given if you are at increased risk of complications and have been in close contact with a person with flu.

Antiviral medicines should be given within 48 hours of getting the flu (within 36 hours for zanamivir in children) or of having contact with someone who has the flu. This is because the sooner they are given, the better they work.

Antibiotics kill germs called bacteria, but not viruses. Therefore, they are not routinely prescribed for viral illnesses such as flu or flu-like illnesses. However, they may be used if a complication develops like a chest infection caused by a germ (bacterium) or pneumonia (see below).

A small number of people with flu become ill enough to need hospital admission. This is usually because they have developed complications from flu.

If you are normally well then you are unlikely to develop complications. You are likely to recover fully. However, see a doctor if symptoms change or become worse. Complications are more likely to develop if you are in any of the at-risk groups listed below.

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This is the initial signs that your dog will start to have seizures. This period may last for about few second to hours and the symptoms are as follow:

  • finding a hiding place
  • appear nervous
  • seek out the guardian
  • shaking
  • whining
  • trembling
  • salivation
  • affection
  • wandering
  • restlessness
  • apprehension


Dogs will show sign of intense physical activity during this period and last for few seconds to five minutes. All of the body muscles will contract strongly and the apparent symptoms are:

  • lose consciousness
  • falling to the ground
  • paralyzed, reluctant to move or can’t stand up
  • shaking
  • excessive drooling
  • head drawn backward
  • teeth gnashing
  • frantic thrashing of limbs
  • vocalizing
  • paddling of feet
  • salivation
  • uncontrollable urination and defecation

Dog will be in prolonged seizure or status epilepticus (SE) if the seizures is not over within five minutes.

Post Ictal

After the seizure ended your dog will have the following symptoms:

  • confusion
  • disorientation
  • temporary appear to be blind or deaf
  • eat or drink excessively
  • pacing
  • salivation
  • restlessness

Status Epilepticus (SE)

A very dangerous and life threatening situation that occur when a seizure last for more than five minutes. This can damage the brain if the period last for more than 20 minutes due to no rest or muscle relaxation inside the brain.

Emergency treatments and injectable medications must be given by your veterinarian if seizure continue to last for more than five minutes and your dog doesnot recover to full consciousness.

Causes of Dog Seizures

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Do you think my husband is poisoning me? I drink a lot of water and healthy drinks and my diet is actually good. I eat red meat once a month, eat vegetables and fruits, fish, and chicken. This is been going on since 2004. If I was being poisoned, it could be off and on. Only when I have life insurance and it's not even a lot of money. Am I dealing with a crazy man?

2) If you have feasible proof, divorce your husband. What if you can ot prevent the continued poisoning? Death is the result. Run and do not turn back.

1) I have been poisoned two times that I know of by my husband. The first time had to be liquid because I had left a tape recorder on and heard him say he put it in my watermelon. It had to be liquid.

Is there some way they do this or can it be purchased in liquid form? The last time he opened a soft drink for me before I got in the car. Can it dissolve that quickly? What am I dealing with here and how do I avoid this?

Does a Britta water filter keep my drinking water safe from it?

Influenza B beschreibt einen von drei für den Menschen relevanten Influenza-Virustyp (A, B und C), welcher ausschließlich den Menschen befällt und zusammen mit dem Influenza-A-Virus für die jährlich wiederkehrendenGrippewellen während der Wintermonate verantwortlich ist. Im Gegensatz zum Influenza-A-Virus löst die B-Variante jedoch keine Pandemien (wie 1918 die Spanische Grippe) und seltener Epidemien aus, gilt aber ebenfalls als hoch ansteckend.

Symptome & Verlauf

Das Influenzavirus gehört zur Gruppe der Orthomyxoviren und wird anhand bestimmter Oberflächenproteine in Typen (A, B und C) sowie deren Subtypen unterteilt. Diese oberflächlichen Strukturen übernehmen, sind die Viren erst einmal im Wirt angelangt, unterschiedliche Aufgaben. Das Hämagglutinin (Antigen H) ist für die Verbindung des Virus mit der Wirtszelle zuständig, die Neuraminidase(Antigen N) hilft dem Virus, in die Zelle einzudringen. Die genannten Antigene sind in verschiedenen Ausführungen vorhanden und können in unterschiedlichen Kombinationen auftreten, was dann den jeweiligen Subtypus bestimmt. Bei Influenza B gibt es die seit Jahren existierenden Linien: Yagamata-Linie und Victoria-Linie.

Die Symptome bei einer Erkrankung an Influenz-B-Viren entspricht der typischen Grippesymptomatik und umfasst im Wesentlichen:

  • rasch ansteigendes Fieber bei plötzlichem Krankheitsbeginn
  • starke Hals-, Kopf- und Gliederschmerzen
  • trockener Reizhusten
  • Übelkeit, Erbrechen und Durchfall

Die Symptome treten oft bereits nach 1-2 Tagen Inkubationszeit auf, bestehen in der Regel für 3-5 Tage und klingen dann ab. Durch Übertragung perTröpfcheninfektion (größere Partikel per Husten und Niesen, kleinere bereits durch Sprechen und Atmen) und Sekretübertragung beim Händeschütteln ist die Ansteckungsgefahr bei einer Grippe sehr hoch. Um eine allzu rasche Ausbreitung zu verhindern wird empfohlen, sich zu Hause auszukurieren.


Die Behandlung der Influenza B ist identisch zu der anderer Influenza-Erkrankungen: Neben den gängigen Hausmitteln kann, nur im Fall von schweren Verläufen – bei Risikogruppen oft auch prophylaktisch – eine antivirale Therapiemit Neuraminidasehemmern erfolgen. Diese können die Vermehrung der Viren innerhalb der menschlichen Zelle bzw. deren Freisetzung aus der Zelle verhindern. So wird eine weitere Akkumulation verhindert. Vorbeugend besteht die Möglichkeit einer Grippeschutzimpfung. Dabei werden sogenannte Totimpfstoffeverwendet, also nicht mehr vermehrungsfähige, inaktivierte Virusbestandteile. Das Immunsystem des Körpers reagiert auf das Eindringen dieser Partikel – was mögliche Allgemeinreaktionen wie Fieber, Kopf- und Muskelschmerzen erklärt – und beginnt mit der Produktion von Antikörpern, welche bei nachfolgendem „echten“ Virusbefall zu schützen vermögen.

Zu beachten

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Extremely high Eosinophil count

Enlargement of liver and spleen

Central nervous system lesions can also occur sometimes

Granulomatous reactions and fibrosis in the affected organs can lead to

Colonic polyposis with bloody diarrhea mostly in Schistosoma mansoni;

Portal hypertension with hematemesis and splenomegaly in Schistosoma mansoni, Schistosoma japonicum;

Cystitis and ureteritis with hematuria leading to bladder cancer in Schistosoma haematobium; Pulmonary hypertension in Schistosoma mansoni, Schistosoma japonicum, and even Schistosoma haematobium;

Glomerulonephritis; and central nervous system lesions.

Eggs of the infecting parasite can be identified in the stool or urine of the patient under a microscope. Examination of stool for the identification of the parasites is more common. An egg per gram (epg) is the scientific unit used to measure the eggs in the feces of the affected patient. Stool examination is recommended to patients affected with schistosoma mansoni or schistosoma japonicum; and urine examination for schistosoma haematobium.

Sometimes the Kato-Katz technique (20 to 50 mg of fecal material) or the Ritchie technique is also used for field surveys and investigational purposes.

A team led by Dr. Russell Stothard, head of the Schistosomiasis Control Initiative at the Natural History Museum, London, recently conducted a field evaluation, which reported that even if stool or urine examinations are negative, a tissue biopsy might reveal eggs. Detection of antibody might as well be useful for epidemiological surveys as well as clinical research and management.

Schistosomiasis can be successfully treated using an oral drug Praziquantel. Though a single dose of this drug can cure the infection, it is not effective in preventing re-infection of the patient, which is highly probable in an affected area. Researches are presently being carried on to develop a vaccine for this disease.

The toxic metalloid, antimony was initially used in low doses to treat schistosomiasis, but this is not used in present days. Another drug called Oxamniquine is used outside the U.S to treat Schistosoma mansoni.

Investigations are being carried on a new Egyptian drug, Mirazid for the treatment of this disease.

Other forms of oral medication that are being experimented with are medicinal castor oil, Gopo Berry (by Dr Chidzere of Zimbabwe in 1980s), etc.

Acrolein, copper sulfate, and niclosamide can be used to eliminate the fresh-water snails that cause the disease.

Crayfish breeding can also be helpful for the purpose though it must be done with caution.

Avoiding water bodies previously detected with snails.

Use of sapindus plant(Phytolacca dodecandra) to prevent the disease by controlling snails. Aklilu Lemma and Legesse Wolde-Yohannes received the Right Livelihood Award in 1989 for their research.

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Eine Influenza Viruserkrankung sollte aber immer behandelt werden, da besonders ältere Menschen, Kinder und Menschen mit chronischen Atemwegsbeschwerden sehr anfällig für die verschiedenen Symptome sind und diese bei einer nicht Behandlung, wenn auch sehr selten durchaus tödlich enden können.

Wie bei fast allen Virus Infektionen, kann man auch der Influenza Viruserkrankung vorbeugen.An erster Stelle steht bei den vorbeugenden Maßnahmen zur Verhinderung einer Ansteckung mit dem Influenza Virus die Grippe Impfung, diese wird vor der Grippesaison von vielen Ärzten im Oktober und November angekündigt und ausgeführt. Die Kosten für die Grippe Impfungen werden von den deutschen Krankenkassen übernommen. Eine Grippe Impfung ist sehr sinnvoll, auch wenn sie leider keine 100% Sicherheit bietet, da besonders der Influenza A Virus sehr wandelbar ist und eine Impfung zur Unterstützung des Immunsystems auch jedes Jahr aufgefrischt werden sollte.

Auch eine ausgeprägte Hygiene während der Grippesaison sollte erfolgen, besonders direkten Kontakt mit Infizierten Personen sollte man vermeiden, und wenn man selbst betroffen ist, kann es sehr hilfreich sein einen Mundschutz zu tragen und sich regelmäßig seine Hände zu desinfizieren, diese Maßnahmen können eine Verbreitung des Influenza Virus verhindern und andere Personen vor einer Ansteckung schützen. Als unterstützende Maßnahme kann man sein Immunsystem durch die Einnahme von Vitamin Präparaten stärken. Besonders empfehlenswert ist die Einnahme von Vitamin D.

Eine Influenza Erkrankung ist keine Seltenheit im Winter und Frühjahr - zwischen zwei und zehn Millionen Menschen erkranken pro Jahr im Schnitt an der Grippe. Was eine echte Grippe überhaupt ist, wodurch Sie verursacht wird, die Symptome sowie Schutzmaßnahmen werden in unserem Ratgeber für Sie erklärt.

Die Influenza, auch Grippe genannt, ist eine akut auftretende, hoch ansteckende Infektionskrankheit, die durch Influenzaviren verursacht wird. Der größte Unterschied zwischen einer Erkältung (grippaler Infekt), welche uns Menschen im Schnitt zwei- bis dreimal im Jahr trifft, und einer Influenza sind die Viren. Eine Influenza, zu deutsch Grippe, kann nur durch die sogenannten Influenza-Viren ausgelöst werden. Eine Erkältung hingegen kann von bis zu 200 verschiedenen Viren hervorgerufen werden. Auch in ihrer Intensität und Dauer unterscheiden sich Erkältung und Grippe deutlich. Die Erkältung kommt schleichend und dauert in der Regel neun Tage (3 Tage kommt sie, 3 Tage bleibt sie, 3 Tage geht sie), wohingegen die Grippe bis zu zwei Wochen mit Symptomen präsent sein kann.

Bei einer Grippe sollten Sie umgehend einen Arzt aufsuchen. Die ärztliche Behandlung der Grippe besteht zunächst vor allem darin, die Symptome zu lindern. Sollten Sie einer Risikogruppe angehören, so kann Ihnen der Arzt sogenannte Neuraminidase-Hemmer verabreichen. Diese blockieren das Enzym Neuraminidase und reduzieren so die Vermehrung der Viren. Als Risikogruppe gelten Kinder, Schwangere, Patienten mit Abwehrschwäche und ältere Menschen. Überdies sollten Sie sich schonen und Bettruhe einhalten, bis die Krankheit vollständig überstanden ist. Erst wenn Sie wieder vollständig gesund sind, sollten Sie an Ihren Arbeitsplatz zurückkehren. Dies gilt insbesondere, wenn Sie dort Kontakt mit anderen Menschen haben.

Die Grippe kann durch drei verschiedene Virus-Typen verursacht werden: Typ A, Typ B und Typ C. Für Menschen sind die Typen A und B von besonderer Bedeutung, wovon das Influenza A Virus am häufigsten zur Grippe führt. Vor allem dadurch, dass die genetischen Eigenschaften des Influenza A Viruses leicht veränderbar sind, kommt es in jedem Jahr zu neuen Varianten. So ist es uns Menschen nicht möglich Antikörper zu entwickeln, die uns auch im Folgejahr vor einer Erkrankung schützen. Das Influenza A Virus verursacht starke Beschwerden und breitet sich regelmäßig epidemisch oder pandemisch aus. Außerdem ist die Influenza A der einzige Typ, der auch andere Säugetiere und Vögel infizieren kann. Varianten des Influenza A Viruses sind auch die “Schweinegrippe” und die “Vogelgrippe”. Der Influenza Typ C kommt hingegen weniger oft vor und verläuft in den meisten Fällen auch weniger stark als die anderen beiden Grippe-Typen. Die typischen Symptome dieses Typs sind die einer gewöhnlichen Erkältung. Auch entwickeln die meisten Menschen bereits als Kind Antikörper gegen den Typ C.

Die Grippewelle beginnt meistens um den Jahreswechsel herum und dauert typischerweise drei bis vier Monate an. Warum jedoch die Grippefälle in den Wintermonaten höher sind, ist aktuell noch unklar. Das RKI (Robert-Koch-Institut) vermutet jedoch, dass sich die Grippeviren in kalten Temperaturen und bei trockener Luft (Heizungsluft) außerhalb ihres Wirts am wohlsten fühlen. Vor allem dann befällt das Virus neue Wirte und gelangt in die menschliche Atemschleimhaut. Eine Infektion ist prinzipiell jedoch das ganze Jahr über möglich. Das Risiko an einer Grippe zu erkranken ist jedes Jahr unterschiedlich hoch und variiert auch nach Region. Um zu herauszufinden, ob Sie in einem Gebiet mit erhöhtem Gripperisiko wohnen, können Sie die Website zur Arbeitsgemeinschaft Influenza des Robert-Koch-Institutes Robert-Koch-Institutes aufrufen. Dazu genügt es oft schon wenn Sie das Stichwort “rki influenza” bei einer Suchmaschine Ihrer Wahl eingeben. Wie groß die Welle der Influenza 2018 wird, ist noch abzuwarten.

Haemophilus influenzae, also Influenza B, ist der zweithäufigste Influenza Typ. Dieser kommt nur bei Menschen vor und nennt sich Bakterium Haemophilus Influenzae Typ B. Dieser Grippe Typ benötigt Blut um sich in seinem Wirt zu vermehren. Auch hier ist der Übertragungsweg, wie bei der Influenza A, die Tröpfchen- und Kontaktinfektion. Insbesondere Kleinkinder und Babies bis fünf Jahren erkranken oft und schwer. Bei Kindern und Jugendlichen fällt die Krankheit oft weniger stark aus und gilt als ungefährlicher als Influenza A. Aus einer Erkältung kann übrigens kein Grippevirus werden. Jedoch kann durch eine vorangegangene Erkältung eine Grippeerkrankung begünstigt werden, da das Immunsystem schwächer ist und so leichter von Grippe Viren befallen werden kann.

Die Inkubationszeit der Influenza, also die Zeit zwischen Ansteckung bis zum Ausbruch der Krankheit, liegt bei etwa ein bis fünf Tagen. Die genaue Inkubationszeit hängt von dem Zustand des Immunsystems der betroffenen Person ab. In der Influenza-Inkubationszeit kann ein Betroffener bereits weitere Personen anstecken, weswegen er bereits bei den ersten akuten Symptomen Zuhause bleiben sollte. Dadurch, dass eine Grippe plötzlich ausbricht, sollte man bei einer Grippewelle generell Körperkontakt, wie zum Beispiel Händeschütteln vermeiden. Denn ein Betroffener könnte bereits infiziert sein oder sich noch in der Influenza-Inkubationszeit befinden. Ansteckend bleibt der Betroffene noch bis zu einer Woche nach auftreten der erste Grippe Krankheitszeichen. Die Ansteckung anderer erfolgt, wie auch bei einer Erkältung, über die sogenannte Tröpfcheninfektion. Das bedeutet, dass durch Sprechen, Husten oder Niesen Viren in die Luft gelangen und so von anderen eingeatmet werden. Außerdem kann sich das Influenza Virus an Gegenstände festsetzen (“Kontaktinfektion”). Vor allem Türklinken und öffentliche Gegenstände sind hier im Visier. Wer mit den Händen nun betroffene Gegenstände berührt und anschließend Kontakt mit den Schleimhäuten, zum Beispiel Mund, Nase oder Augen hat, kann sich schnell mit der Grippe anstecken.

Hat man sich mit Influenza-Viren angesteckt, beginnt die Grippe fast immer akut und schlagartig mit hohem Fieber. Auch Abgeschlagenheit, Schüttelfrost sowie Kopf- und Gliederschmerzen gehört zu den typischen Symptomen dazu. Der weitere Verlauf der Grippe gestaltet sich typischerweise mit

  • Fieber von 38,5 Grad und mehr
  • Übelkeit und Kreislaufbeschwerden
  • Frösteln, Kopf-, Muskel- und Gliederschmerzen
  • Schwäche und Müdigkeit
  • Schluckbeschwerden und Halsschmerzen
  • Lichtempfindlichkeit und Augenbrennen
  • Festsitzendem, trockenem Husten mit zähem Schleim

Nach der anfänglichen, akuten Phase folgt dann eine längere Phase der Besserung, die oft von lang andauerndem Reizhusten gekennzeichnet ist. Dieser langgezogene Verlauf schwächt Körper und Immunsystem oft so stark, dass der Organismus in dieser Zeit leicht von anderen Infektionen befallen werden kann. In Extremfällen ist Influenza B besonders gefährlich, da es dabei auch zu einer gefährlichen Hirnhautentzündung (Meningitis) oder Lungenentzündung kommen kann. Wie “stark” die Grippe bei einem Menschen ausfällt und wie lange die Influenza dauert, hängt insbesondere von dem Immunsystem des Menschen ab. Menschen mit einem guten Immunsystem sind eher wieder fit als welche mit bereits geschwächten Systemen. Außerdem spielt der Typ der Grippe eine Rolle. Influenza A ist in den meisten Fällen der Stärkste, gefolgt von der Grippe Typ B.

Sie können vorbeugend eine Influenza-Impfung durchführen lassen. Optimalerweise erfolgt die Grippeschutzimpfung von September bis November. Bei einer akut auftretenden Grippewelle nach November kann die Impfung auch zu einem späteren Zeitpunkt noch sinnvoll sein. Man sollte sich übrigens jedes Jahr neu impfen lassen, um sich vor der Grippe zu schützen, da sich das Influenzavirus jährlich ändert. Durch eine Influenza-Impfung sind Sie nur gegen einen bestimmten Typ von Influenza Virus immun.
Es werden zwei verschiedene Grippeschutzimpfungen angeboten und vom Robert-Koch-Institut (Impfkommission) für verschiedene Gesellschaftsgruppen empfohlen.

Besonders empfehlenswert ist der Impfschutz für:

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Lexapro is a medication that is used to treat anxiety and various forms of depression. It is formally classified as one of the widely accepted and used serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). Lexapro is effective by altering the levels of serotonin in the brain, which can balance the levels in most people. It is important to know that they don’t work for everyone and you can still have the Lexapro withdrawal symptoms if it has not worked but you have been taking it for more than a couple weeks. Doctors can prescribe Lexapro for other disorders outside of anxiety and depression, but it is not approved for use besides these two conditions.

Almost 1 in 3 people that stop taking an SSRI, such as Lexapro, suffer one or more of the following withdrawal symptoms. By tapering off the dose with your physician you can minimize the likelihood of this happening. Common Lexapro withdrawal symptoms include: flu-like symptoms, fatigue, nausea, sleep interruption, dizziness, uncontrollable shaking, sensory alterations, increased anxiety, and headaches. One of the more rare, but more intense, Lexapro withdrawal symptoms is a sensation that is often referred to as a “brain shock”- a feeling that the head is being electrocuted. Most withdrawal symptoms disappear after a few days, but there have been cases where they have lasted over a month.

Discussing the discontinuation or change in dosage with your physician is the most effective way to reduce and even prevent the withdrawal symptoms. They will usually prescribe a gradual dosing down that will stretch over a few months, allowing your brain to adjust slowly to this change. The slower that you can let your brain adjust the less Lexapro withdrawal symptoms that you will have to experience.

I have been on Lexapro for 4 years. only 10mg. I have been taking about 4 or 5 pills a week. or every other day. but I feel weak and bad like flue symptons. Dr. said I could cut back on these I am 70 years old in Farley good shape, I also take a blood pressure pill. so am I messing up not taking them every day?

I thought I would answer as we are about the same age. I was taking Lexapro 10m.g for about two years, then after telling my doctor how depressed I felt it was increased to 20 m.g. One day I realized I was not feeling anything I wasn't sad I wasn't happy just blah and no ambition. So, started to wean myself off. After being a caregiver for years I knew how this should be done. However, I was impatient and now believe I did it too fast. I had most of the withdrawal signs listed. Flu-like symptoms, headaches. hot flashes, dizzy, couldn't eat because of stomach upset. this went on for about three weeks. I have felt very well now for about three days and forgot what the real me was like. I'm not giving medical advice here but for myself I am glad to be off the stuff and really wish I had never started it. I know now I should have gone very, very, very, slowly giving it up. I feel so good without it, wished I had done it sooner.

Weaning off off Lexapro is not a wonderful experience. The flu like symptoms are really strong. Headaches and head shakes as if I have fibromyalgia. It has been two weeks so far and the symptoms are still there! It is horrible! If you plan on weaning of the medication, please make sure you have nothing big going on in your life because you need to plan on the side effects.

I have weaned down from 20mg slowly over two months and have been on no lexapro for 3 weeks. I am 41, feel emotionally stable but the physical side effects are horrific. I have brain flashes, tingles in my face and hands, flu like lethargy and then insomnia, dry mouth and twitches in my neck. I was on lexapro for 3 years after post natal depression. I cannot believe how awful it is to try and work (I'm a contract chef/single parent supporting 3 children) and function in this state. I wish my doctor had no been so blasé as to using these tablets in the first place, let alone coming off them. I've read that fish oil supplements may help so have been taking those for 2 days. Good luck to anyone else experiencing this. I really hope it eases soon.

Jessica, When you say "Brain Flashes" do you mean you will have a Flash Mental image or thought then you can't figure out what it was?


my heart and prayers for you. iam sad that they write scrips for this all the time.I work with people in recouvery.and see this allways

It will get better,,

After 6 yrs of 10 mg day i stopped due to low sodium. It was my dr idea to take this junk but she is a pill pusher with a license. Considering talking to a lawyer. Well after losing 11 lbs in 10 days from puking and nausea at 14 days it got better and taking a anti nausea med still lott of nausea and forgetfulness headaches but beteer than first weeks SO glad i quit feel better and life is real. Thats something nwo type drug and i do not believe in conspiracy theory but this. Has me thinking twice lol

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    • Influenza antiviral prescription drugs can be used to treat influenza or to prevent influenza.
    • Oseltamivir, zanamivir, and peramivir are chemically related antiviral medications known as neuraminidase inhibitors that have activity against both influenza A and B viruses.

    The following are the CDC recommended antiviral medications for the treatment of influenza (flu) for the 2016-2017 season are as follows: oral oseltamivir (Tamiflu), inhaled zanamivir (Relenza), and intravenous peramivir (Rapivab). See Table 1 below for details about utilizing these drugs in adults and children.

    Over-the-counter medications that may help reduce symptoms of congestion (decongestants), coughing (cough medicine), and dehydration include diphenhydramine (Benadryl), acetaminophen (Tylenol), NSAIDs (Advil, Motrin, Aleve), guaifenesin (Mucinex), dextromethorphan (Delsym), pseudoephedrine (Sudafed), and oral fluids. Aspirin may be used in adults but not in children.

    Antibiotics treat bacterial infections, not viral illnesses like the flu.

    Individuals with the flu may also benefit from some additional bed rest, throat lozenges, and possibly nasal irrigation; drinking fluids may help prevent symptoms of dehydration (for example, dry mucus membranes and decreased urination).

    While a person has the flu, good nutrition can help the recovery process. Anyone with the flu needs to avoid dehydration, soothe sore throat and/or upset stomach, and have a good protein intake. Dehydration can be avoided by adequate fluid intake such as juices (orange, cranberry, grapefruit, tomato, grape, and others). Sore throat and upset stomach may be relieved by broths or warm soups (chicken, vegetable, or beef) and plain crackers, toast, and ginger tea or noncarbonated ginger ale. Scrambled eggs, yogurt, and/or protein drinks are good protein sources. In addition, bananas, rice, and applesauce are food that are often recommended for those with an upset stomach. This list is not exhaustive but should provide a balanced approach to help speed recovery from the flu.

    When should a person go to the emergency department for the flu?

    The CDC urges people to seek emergency medical care for a sick child with any of these flu effects (symptoms or signs):

    1. Fast breathing or trouble breathing (shortness of breath)
    2. Bluish or gray skin color
    3. Not drinking enough fluids
    4. Severe or persistent vomiting
    5. Not waking up or not interacting
    6. Being so irritable that the child does not want to be held
    7. Flu-like symptoms improve but then return with fever and cough

    The following is the CDC's list of symptoms that should trigger emergency medical care for adults:

    1. Difficulty breathing or shortness of breath
    2. Pain or pressure in the chest or abdomen
    3. Sudden dizziness
    4. Confusion
    5. Severe or persistent vomiting
    6. Flu-like symptoms improve but then return with fever and worse cough
    7. Having a high fever for more than three days is another danger sign, according to the WHO, so the CDC has also included this as another serious symptom.

    Who should receive the flu vaccine, and who has the highest risk factors? When should someone get the flu shot?

    In the United States, the flu season usually occurs from about November until April. Officials have decided each new flu season will start each year on Oct. 4. Typically, activity is very low until December, and peak activity most often occurs between January and March. Ideally, the conventional flu vaccine should be administered between September and mid-November. Flu season typically occurs between October and May. It takes about one to two weeks after vaccination for antibodies against influenza to develop and provide protection. The CDC has published a summary list of their current recommendations of who should get the current vaccine:

    Summary of CDC influenza vaccination recommendations for 2017-2018

    Routine annual influenza vaccination of all people aged ≥ 6 months without contraindications continues to be recommended. No preferential recommendation is made for one influenza vaccine product over another for people for whom more than one licensed, recommended product is otherwise appropriate. Updated information and guidance in this document includes the following:

    • In light of low effectiveness against influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 in the United States during the 2013-14 and 2015-16 seasons, for the 2017-18 season, ACIP makes the interim recommendation that LAIV4 (nasal spray) should not be used. Because LAIV4 is still a licensed vaccine that might be available and that some providers might elect to use, for informational purposes, reference is made to previous recommendations for its use.
    • The 2017-2018 U.S. trivalent influenza vaccines will contain an A/Michigan/45/2015 (H1N1)pdm09-like virus, an A/Hong Kong/4801/2014 (H3N2)-like virus, and a B/Brisbane/60/2008-like virus (Victoria lineage). Quadrivalent vaccines will include an additional vaccine virus strain, a B/Phuket/3073/2013-like virus (Yamagata lineage).
    • Recent new vaccine licensures are discussed:
      • An MF59-adjuvanted trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine (aIIV3), Fluad (Seqirus, Holly Springs, North Carolina), was licensed by FDA in November 2015 for people aged ≥ 65 years. Regulatory information is available at aIIV3 is an acceptable alternative to other vaccines licensed for people in this age group. ACIP and CDC do not express a preference for any particular vaccine product.
      • A quadrivalent formulation of Flucelvax (cell culture-based inactivated influenza vaccine [ccIIV4], Seqirus, Holly Springs, North Carolina) was licensed by the FDA in May 2016 for people aged ≥ 4 years. Regulatory information is available at: ccIIV4 is an acceptable alternative to other vaccines licensed for people in this age group. No preference is expressed for any particular vaccine product.

    For more information and details too extensive to include here, the following site is recommended:

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    Depending on which part of the body is affected, the signs and symptoms of adenoviral infections vary:

    Febrile respiratory disease, an infection with fever of the respiratory tract, is the most common result of adenoviral infection in kids. The illness often appears flu-like and can include symptoms of pharyngitis (inflammation of the pharynx, or sore throat), rhinitis (inflammation of nasal membranes, or a congested, runny nose), cough, and swollen lymph nodes (glands). Sometimes the respiratory infection leads to acute otitis media, an infection of the middle ear.

    Adenovirus often affects the lower respiratory tract as well, causing bronchiolitis, croup, or viral pneumonia, which is less common but can cause serious illness in infants. Adenovirus can also produce a dry, harsh cough that can resemble whooping cough (pertussis).

    Gastroenteritis is an inflammation of the stomach and the small and large intestines. Symptoms include watery diarrhea, vomiting, headache, fever, and abdominal cramps.

    Genitourinary infections: Urinary tract infections can cause frequent urination, burning, pain, and blood in the urine. Adenoviruses are also known to cause a condition called hemorrhagic cystitis, which is characterized by blood in the urine. Hemorrhagic cystitis usually resolves on its own.

    Eye infections:

    • Pinkeye (conjunctivitis) is a mild inflammation of the conjunctiva (membranes that cover the eye and inner surfaces of the eyelids). Symptoms include red eyes, discharge, tearing, and the feeling that there's something in the eye.
    • Pharyngoconjunctival fever, often seen in small outbreaks among school-age kids, occurs when adenovirus affects both the lining of the eye and the respiratory tract. Symptoms include very red eyes and a severe sore throat, sometimes accompanied by low-grade fever, rhinitis, and swollen lymph nodes.
    • Keratoconjunctivitis is a more severe infection that involves both the conjunctiva and cornea (the transparent front part of the eye) in both eyes. This type of adenoviral infection is extremely contagious and occurs most often in older kids and young adults, causing red eyes, photophobia (discomfort of the eyes upon exposure to light), blurry vision, tearing, and pain.

    Nervous system infections:

    • Meningitis and encephalitis (inflammation of the lining of the brain and spinal cord) can sometimes happen due to adenovirus infection. Symptoms can include fever, headache, nausea and vomiting, stiff neck, or skin rash.

    Adenovirus is highly contagious, so multiple cases are common in close-contact settings like childcare centers, schools, hospitals, and summer camps.

    The types of adenovirus that cause respiratory and intestinal infections spread from person to person through respiratory secretions (coughs or sneezes) or fecal contamination. Fecal material can spread via contaminated water, eating food contaminated by houseflies, and poor hand washing (such as after using the bathroom, before eating or preparing food, or after handling dirty diapers).

    A child might also pick up the virus by holding hands or sharing a toy with an infected person. Adenovirus can survive on surfaces for long periods, so indirect transmission can occur through exposure to the contaminated surfaces of furniture and other objects.

    The types of adenovirus causing pinkeye may be transmitted by water (in lakes and swimming pools), by sharing contaminated objects (such as towels or toys), or by touch.

    Once a child is exposed to adenovirus, symptoms usually develop from 2 days to 2 weeks later.

    Adenoviral illnesses often resemble certain bacterial infections, which can be treated with antibiotics. But antibiotics don't work against viruses. To diagnose the true cause of the symptoms so that proper treatment can be prescribed, your doctor may want to test respiratory or conjunctival secretions, a stool specimen, or a blood or urine sample.

    The doctor will decide on a course of action based on your child's condition. Adenoviral infections usually don't require hospitalization. However, babies and young children may not be able to drink enough fluids to replace what they lose during vomiting or diarrhea and so might need to be hospitalized to treat or prevent dehydration. Also, young (especially premature) infants with pneumonia usually need to be hospitalized.

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    5) @Steamland-- The question itself is a very judgmental and prejudiced. What makes you think that all pandemic diseases come from Asia? They emerge in other areas of the world all the time. Take Ebola, which emerged in Africa.

    The only difference is that in countries where health care systems are very developed, these instances are diagnosed and quarantined much faster. So the chances of the pandemic spreading is reduced and it's usually eliminated altogether this way.

    4) @donasmrs-- They are not the same but they mutated from the same virus. They are subtypes of what is called influenza A. Asian flu is H2N2 as the article said and Avian flu is H5N1. They start out in wild birds and sometimes, they infect humans and become an epidemic. There are other types of influenza A that affect other animals like pigs (aka swine flu). But most flu viruses in this category exist in birds, fewer amount affect pigs and humans.

    Yes, these viruses change and adapt all the time. That's they're survival mechanism. They're constantly mutating, evolving, taking on new names and jumping from one animal to the next.

    3) What about the bird flu that showed up in various parts of the world in 2006 and 2007? Was it the same as Asian flue or was it a slightly different strain of the virus? Does the virus keep changing?

    2) @Steamland, as far as we know there are two reasons for this. One is just probability. Asia contains a huge portion of the world's population and is a massive part of the geographic world. People sometimes refer to Asia like it's a single country but about a third of the world is classified as Asia. Add in more than half the world's population and it makes sense than many of the worlds diseases would originate there. Also to blame is the developing nature of many regions within Asia. Not only do billions of people live relatively close together, some live close together in poor hygienic conditions with little access to proper sanitation and clean water. Compound this with the fact that a portion of these people live in close contact with farm animals. Farm animals, like ducks, chickens and pigs are usually the original hosts from which many new diseases mutate and make the jump to humans. Not only that but often these farm animals live in close proximity with each other which can promote mutation conditions in certain viruses and bacteria.

    1) Why do all of these horrible pandemic diseases seem to come from Asia? Why don't they originate in places like America?

    BALTIMORE (WJZ) — Flu epidemic. The CDC released new numbers Monday showing the flu is widespread in most of the country, including here in Maryland—and doctors say this strain can be more dangerous.

    Meghan McCorkell has more on how local hospitals are handling a surge of cases.

    Hospitals in Maryland say they have been slammed with flu patients since Christmas.

    The flu turned deadly in the United States with 21 children dying this season. One of the latest was seven-year-old Ruby Hanson, whose parents say she may have survived if it weren’t for a pre-existing condition.

    “She had a seizure that was caused by the flu,” said Debra Hanson, her mother.

    The CDC now reports 43 states, including Maryland, are experiencing high or widespread flu activity. Much of that is the H3N2 strain of Influenza A.

    “We do know that in years where this virus circulates, or this type of virus circulates, we do get more deaths on average than the usual year,” said Dr. Joseph Cresee, Centers for Disease Control.

    Emergency rooms across the state are now reporting thousands of patients coming in with flu-like symptoms every week.

    “This is one of the busier flu years,” said Dr. Lisa Kirkland, Sinai Hospital.

    Dr. Kirkland says some of the patients she is seeing thought they were protected because they got a flu shot.

    “This year, the flu strain mutated a little bit and there is one component of the flu strain that is causing the flu in people who actually did get the shot,” she said.

    Several local hospitals are now limiting visitors to try and stop the spread of the flu. At the University of Maryland Medical Center, no visitors under the age of 18 will be allowed in the hospital, only two adult visitors can see a patient at one time and visitors experiencing flu symptoms are not permitted.

    Flu season normally lasts through February and March.

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    Serious Condition: H1N1 Inflenza came unexpectedly and the usual vaccine was not effective and it caused people to get sick with this virus and some succumb to it by getting hospitalized and some died. Later on H1N1 Vaccine was incorporated and given to prevent an epidemic. Read more

    Time to see a doctor: 10 days is too long for a common cold. You might have a more serious condition such as pneumonia.. Read more

    Needs confirmation: There are a number of other infections beside influenza producing flu-like symptoms. Tamiflu, (oseltamivir) most often prescribed antiviral medine, should also be given within 48 hours from the onset of illness to be beneficial.. Read more

    Dehydration: Drink 2 glasses of warm water initially, then 1 glass every 30 min for next two hours, then 1 glass every hour for rest of day. You should be urinating every hour and urine should be clear. Do this for one day and you will feel better much faster.. Read more

    MAYBE: Every year a number of flu strains circle the globe and various sites keep track and report their activity. Vaccine makers pick 3-4 strains in early spring to put in the fall shot, based on those with the most activity. Too many strains would weaken the individual strength against each strain. With luck, the vaccine will boost general flu immunity enough to make it mild for those who get it anyway. Read more

    Influenza: Without a fever you don't have influenza. You probably have a cold. If you haven't had a flu shot get one. Even though the antigens in the shot don't exactly match the flu strain this year, it should offer some protection and make the flu less severe if you get it. Influenza is sudden (like you were hit by a truck), fevers, chills, runny nose, cough, diffuse aches and rarely GI symptoms.. Read more

    Unlikely: Most cold symptoms now can be attributed to the flu although symptoms may vary from one to another. There is nothing 100% in medicine however but it is unlikely that the test result was wrong during this epidemic. In fact, testing is not recommended.. Read more

    It could be either.: Bronchitiis has been associated with tamiflu (oseltamivir). Would stop tamiflu (oseltamivir) and call your Dr.. Read more

    See below: No all H inluenzae bacteria cause disease. There are six major types and type B causes most infections in humans. There are also other types of bacteria which do not fall into the six known categories and are called untypable. You may consult this site for more info: https://www. Cdc. Gov/hi-disease/index. Html
    Wish you good health! - Have a diet rich in fresh vegetables, fruits, whole grains, milk and milk products, nuts, beans, legumes, lentils and small amounts of lean meats. Avoid saturated fats. Drink enough water daily, so that your urine is mostly colorless. Exercise at least 150 minutes/week and increase the intensity of exercise gradually. Do not use tobacco, alcohol, weed or street drugs in any form.
    Practice safe sex, if you have sex.. Read more

    Possible: Common flu symptoms include fever, headache, body aches, joint pain etc. When the symptoms initially develop it may be possible to feel pain in a single joint. If the pain is due to flu the pain my progress to other joints.. Read more

    Learn about the causes of flu and how it is spread.

    The flu is an infection of the nose, throat and lungs. It is caused mainly by 2 types of viruses:

    The flu spreads very easily from person to person. Even before you notice symptoms, you may spread the virus to others. If you have the virus, you can spread it to others by:

    These actions release tiny droplets containing the flu virus into the air.

    You can become infected if these droplets land on your: