What can you do if you have PD?
- Work with your doctor to create a plan to stay healthy. This might include the following:
- A referral to a neurologist, a doctor who specializes in the brain
- Care from an occupational therapist, physical therapist or speech therapist
- Meeting with a medical social worker to talk about how Parkinson's will affect your life
- Start a regular exercise program to delay further symptoms.
- Talk with family and friends who can provide you with the support you need.
For more information, visit our Treatment page.
Watch and share this public service announcement featuring U.S. Senator Cory Booker that discusses the early warning signs of Parkinson's disease.
Page reviewed by Dr. Chauncey Spears, Movement Disorders Fellow at the University of Florida, a Parkinson’s Foundation Center of Excellence.
Part of the Anapsid.org Chronic Neuroimmune Diseases Information Resources for CFS, FM, MCS, Lyme Disease, Thyroid, and more.
Last updated January 1, 2014
Short Symptom List: Lyme Disease & Common Co-Infections
Borrelia, Babesia, Bartonella, and Ehrlichia
The following symptoms were excerpted from Diagnostic Hints And Treatment Guidelines For Lyme And Other Tick Borne Illnesses, by Joseph J. Burrascano Jr., M.D. (Fifteenth Edition 2008).
(Borreliosis, neuroborreliosis; also known as Lyme Disease)
Spread primarily though the bite of infected ticks that live on a wide range of mammalian species; secondary human-to-human transmission through semen, breast milk, and possibly in utero
Burning or stabbing sensations
Change in bowel function
Difficulty with concentration and reading
Difficulty with speech, writing
Difficulty finding words; name blocking
Disorientation: getting lost, going to wrong places
Disturbed sleep: too much, too little, fractionated, early awakening
Ears/Hearing: buzzing, ringing, ear pain, sound sensitivity
Exaggerated symptoms or worse hangover from alcohol
Eyes/Vision: double, blurry, increased floaters, light sensitivity
Facial paralysis (Bell's palsy)
Fatigue, tiredness, poor stamina
Heart valve prolapse
Increased motion sickness
Joint pain or swelling
Muscle pain or cramps
Neck creaks & cracks
Neck stiffness, pain
Poor short-term memory
Problem absorbing new information
Sexual dysfunction or loss of libido
Shortness of breath; cough
Stiffness of the joints or back
Twitching of the face or other muscles
Unavoidable need to sit or lay down
Unexplained breast pain
Unexplained fevers, sweats, chills or flushing
Unexplained hair loss
Unexplained menstrual irregularity'
Unexplained milk production
Unexplained weight loss or gain
Upset Stomach or abdominal pain
Babesia is a protozoan spread by ticks, blood transfusion, and in utero. Despite there being 20+known forms to date, current testing only looks for two of them.
Imbalance without true vertigo
(Bartonellosis, also known as cat scratch fever)
Spread by bites from infected ticks and in utero
abnormal liver enzymes
hemolysis with anemia
papular or angiomatous rash
weakened immune response
Bites from infected ticks
- Work with your doctor to create a plan to stay healthy. This might include the following:
The most recent data for the mortality (death rates) from influenza rate (death rate) for the United States in 2016 indicates that mortality from influenza varies from year to year. Death rates estimated by the CDC range from about 12,000 during 2011-2012 to 56,000 during 2012-2013.
Haemophilus influenzae is a bacterium that was incorrectly considered to cause the flu until the virus was demonstrated to be the correct cause in 1933. This bacterium can cause lung infections in infants and children, and it occasionally causes ear, eye, sinus, joint, and a few other infections, but it does not cause the flu.
Another confusing term is stomach flu. This term refers to a gastrointestinal tract infection, not a respiratory infection like influenza (flu); stomach flu (gastroenteritis) is not caused by influenza viruses.
Although initially symptoms of influenza may mimic those of a cold, influenza is more debilitating with symptoms of fatigue, fever, and respiratory congestion. Colds can be caused by over 100 different virus types, but only influenza viruses (and subtypes) A, B, and C cause the flu. In addition, colds do not lead to life-threatening illnesses like pneumonia, but severe infections with influenza viruses can lead to pneumonia or even death.
Flu Slideshow: 10 Foods to Eat When You Have the Flu
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Compared with most other viral respiratory infections, such as the common cold, influenza (flu) infection usually causes a more severe illness with a mortality rate (death rate) of about 0.1% of people who are infected with the virus. Cold symptoms (for example, sore throat, runny nose, cough (with possible phlegm production), congestion, and slight fever) are similar to flu symptoms, but the flu symptoms are more severe, last longer, and may include vomiting, diarrhea, and cough that is often a dry cough.
The following table is provided by the CDC to help distinguish between a cold and influenza:
Although some of the symptoms of influenza may mimic those of food poisoning, others do not. Most symptoms of food poisoning include nausea, vomiting, watery diarrhea, abdominal pain, cramps, and fever. Note that the majority of food poisoning symptoms are related to the gastrointestinal tract, except for fever. The common flu signs and symptoms include fever but also include symptoms that are not typical for food poisoning, because the flu is a respiratory disease. Consequently, respiratory symptoms of nasal congestion, dry cough, and some breathing problems help distinguish the flu from food poisoning.
Influenza viruses cause the flu and are divided into three types, designated A, B, and C. Influenza A and influenza B are responsible for epidemics of respiratory illness that occur almost every winter and are often associated with increased rates of hospitalization and death. Influenza type C differs from types A and B in some important ways. Type C infection usually causes either a very mild respiratory illness or no symptoms at all; it does not cause epidemics and does not have the severe public-health impact of influenza types A and B. Efforts to control the impact of influenza are aimed at types A and B, and the remainder of this discussion will be devoted only to these two types.
Influenza viruses continually change over time, usually by mutation (change in the viral RNA). This constant changing often enables the virus to evade the immune system of the host (humans, birds, and other animals) so that the host is susceptible to changing influenza virus infections throughout life. This process works as follows: A host infected with influenza virus develops antibodies against that virus; as the virus changes, the "first" antibody no longer recognizes the "newer" virus and infection can occur because the host does not recognize the new flu virus as a problem until the infection is well under way. The first antibody developed may, in some instances, provide partial protection against infection with a new influenza virus. In 2009, almost all individuals had no antibodies that could recognize the novel H1N1 virus immediately.
Type A viruses are divided into subtypes or strains based on differences in two viral surface proteins called the hemagglutinin (H) and the neuraminidase (N). There are at least 16 known H subtypes and nine known N subtypes. These surface proteins can occur in many combinations. When spread by droplets or direct contact, the virus, if not killed by the host's immune system, replicates in the respiratory tract and damages host cells. In people who are immune compromised (for example, pregnant women, infants, cancer patients, asthma patients, people with pulmonary disease, and many others), the virus can cause viral pneumonia or stress the individual's system to make them more susceptible to bacterial infections, especially bacterial pneumonia. Both pneumonia types, viral and bacterial, can cause severe disease and sometimes death.
The re-appearance of iodine deficiency and hypothyroidism in developed countries is caused by a trend towards low salt consumption. In a bid to reduce the risk factor for hypertension and edema, most people in affluent nations are taking the widely publicized health advice to drop salt from their diet.
Unfortunately, iodized salt has been the most used and the most effective public health initiative to reduce iodine deficiency and prevent goiter, cretinism, and hypothyroidism.
Adding iodine to salt is a very cheap means of eradicating iodine deficiency. Experts estimate that it costs only a few cents for every ton of salt produced.
However, care should be taking with treating iodine deficiency with iodized salt.
Where the deficiency is severe and met with high intake of iodized salt, hyperthyroidism may result. In addition, people who are older than 40 years have a greater risk of developing hyperthyroidism from taking iron-fortified food products.
Where salt consumption is heavily restricted, iodine can still be obtained from the diet by eating more saltwater fish and sea vegetables such as kelp.
With swine flu claiming so many lives across the nation it is little tricky to give a straight answer to such a simple question. However, there is a fair amount of chance to recover from the flu if tr
With swine flu claiming so many lives across the nation it is little tricky to give a straight answer to such a simple question. However, there is a fair amount of chance to recover from the flu if treatment and care can be provided on time and during the initial phase soon after contracting the viral infection.
‘One must realise that unlike other viral diseases like leptospirosis, malaria, dengue where the entire immune system and all major organs have to face the wrath of the virus, in case of swine flu, the immunity of a person is suppressed and only the lung function is affected, although to a great extent. So, recovery of a patient from swine flu largely depends on the extent of lung damage one has faced due to the virus,’ says Dr Prakash Jiandani, director of critical care unit, Wockhardt Hospital, South Mumbai. In some rare cases of swine flu, it can also lead to cardiac arrest and brain damage. But most of the time, a life is lost battling a respiratory infection because of swine flu and it doesn’t reach to that extreme. Here is all that you need to know about the treatment and medication of swine flu.
Lines of treatment
In case of swine flu, the first line of treatment is antiviral therapy given either by oral suspension or in capsule form. If a patient fails to recover with oral medications the second line of treatment would be to start on ventilation. ‘The idea of starting a patient suffering with moderate to severe symptoms of swine flu on ventilation, is done to restore oxygen supply in the blood and revive lung function. However, one must realise that even best ventilation mechanisms can help patients only to a certain extent. If the damage done to the lungs is beyond any repair, then even the best of supportive care provided would fail to help one survive any longer,’ informs Dr Jiandani. Here are the symptoms of swine flu you should know about.
Prevention is better than cure
This is the reason why preventing a bout of swine flu is more important than treating it. ‘It is necessary to take steps early and visit the doctor if you develop any symptoms of the seasonal flu. However, not all the healthy individual with cold and cough needs to be treated for swine flu. One should be diagnosed carefully for the symptoms, especially those who fall under the risk group, like people suffering from High BP, diabetes or the elderly,’ says Dr Jiandani. Here are 15 tips for everyone to prevent a bout of swine flu.
Oral antiviral medication, when given within 48 hours after experiencing the symptoms can help one recover fast. However, if it delays recovery then oxygen therapy with proper ventilation goes in long way to resurrect lung function. ‘High frequency ventilation or extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) can help patients recover from the symptoms of flu,’ says Dr Jiandani. (Read: IMA guidelines to tackle swine flu (H1N1 influenza) in India)
- In order to overcome fatigue, have raisins and dates daily. Soak them overnight in plain water and consume them the next day. They promote quick recovery and provide strength and vigor.
- Stomach pain can be relieved by consuming a mixture of 1 teaspoon cumin seed powder and 1 teaspoon of sugar.
- Consume lot of fluids – fruit juices, soups, glucose water or coconut water will be helpful.
- Homoeopathy mixture, biochemic 28 is a very good tonic for the entire system, combating infection, stepping up the immunity and bringing about speedy cure for typhoid.
What was your experience with typhoid? What were your symptoms? How did you cure your typhoid? Share your experience to help our readers.
Prednisone is a steroidal drug that is used to combat many common ailments that are of a serious nature. Along with this medication, you will receive specific instructions on how to take it. This will include a proper regimen for coming off of the medicine gradually at the end of treatment. Why is this the case? Abruptly ceasing the use of prednisone can result in prednisone withdrawal symptoms. What do these symptoms include?
One of the most common symptoms of prednisone withdrawal is a feeling of weakness or severe fatigue. This is because the immune system is weakened. It may also result in body aches and a low grade fever as though a cold were coming on. Joint pain is also common. Also on the list of prednisone withdrawal side effects is depression. This is because withdrawal from the drug causes hormonal changes in the body. Also because of the hormone changes, a woman who comes off of prednisone too quickly may experience side effects concerning her menstrual cycle. It may become temporarily irregular.
Prednisone and Weight Gain: Prednisone also may often cause rapid weight gain in those who are taking it. After ceasing the medication, the weight will likely also come back off quickly.
This can worsen feelings of fatigue. Nausea is also common. If the nausea is very bad, it may result in fainting. So do not be surprised if you loose some weight rather rapidly after ending your prednisone treatment.
Please note that the longer you are on prednisone, the worse you can expect the prednisone withdrawal symptoms to be should you cease taking the medication suddenly. For this reason, doctors generally only prescribe prednisone for short periods of time unless absolutely necessary.
Generally prednisone is prescribed for immune disorders, serious allergic reactions, or severe inflammation. If you stop the medication too quickly, the disease will likely recur. This is because the body is still depending on the medication to keep the condition at bay. This also makes it vital to come off of the medication gradually, so that your body has time to adjust and fight your health problem without the prednisone.
For these and other reasons it is vital that prednisone be taken as prescribed. This includes the length of time that medication should be taken, the dosage to be used, and the regimin for coming off of the drug. When used properly, prednisone can help with may serious conditions, and the majority of the prednisone withdrawal symptoms can be avoided.
The Symptoms And Treatment
Of Canine Diabetes Explained
If You Love Your Dog And Are Worried Canine Diabetes Might Shorten His Or
Her Life — Relax, Help Is At Hand.
We can help if you have a problem feeding
your diabetic dog, need accurate information,
or want to save money on treatment.
When your dog is first diagnosed, Vets will often offer good advice on the initial treatment but be aware that much of this advice is quoted from textbooks and very few Vets have experience of treating a diabetic dog in a home environment.
Whilst there is no outright cure to diabetes in dogs, it can be controlled and our helpful guide give lots of useful information to help you and your pet to lead a near normal life.
There are three forms of canine diabetes, all of which display very similar symptoms, the most noticeable being:
- Your dog has increased urination.
- Your dog drinks frequently / excessively.
- Your dog begins to lose weight.
- Your dog is often tired, lethargic or sleeps more often.
Note that these symptoms are not exclusive to diabetes, but they are often the earliest signs detectable by owners.
The increased urination is due to excess glucose which the animal is unable to process normally and so tries to get rid of by urinating. This frequent urination causes greater thirst, thus the animal must drink more frequently to replace the lost fluids.
If the body cannot gain sufficient energy from the food consumed, it will burn stored fat resulting in a loss of body weight and ketones to become present.
Weight loss in a diabetic dog which eats normally or even one with an increased appetite is not uncommon. Ketones levels in the bloodstream can be tested and treatment, usually dietary, administered. If left untreated this can lead to ketoacidosis which in serious cases can become an emergency condition leading to coma and even death.
Know the symptoms of different kinds of pink eye.
- Viral pink eye: Symptoms can include watery eyes along with a cold, flu, or sore throat.
- Allergic pink eye: Symptoms include itchy eyes, swollen eyelids and a runny or itchy nose. It is more common in people who have other allergies, such as hay fever or asthma.
- Bacterial pink eye: Symptoms include a thick, often yellow-green discharge that lasts all day (usually not with a cold or flu).
This report is for you to use when talking with your health-care provider. It is not a substitute for medical advice and treatment. Use of this report is at your own risk.
© 2013 Consumer Reports. Developed in cooperation with the American Academy of Ophthalmology.
Il peut être difficile de distinguer une grippe d’un rhume. Ce sont des maladies semblables, à première vue, mais bien différentes. Les symptômes du rhume sont habituellement légers alors que ceux de la grippe sont plus sévères. De plus, le rhume est fréquent et infecte principalement le nez et la gorge alors que la grippe, plus rare, peut aussi attaquer les poumons.
Tout le monde peut attraper la grippe. La grippe est une maladie sévère, les personnes âgées et les jeunes enfants sont les plus exposées à la grippe et à ses complications. On parle alors de personnes à risque de complications.
Les personnes dites à risque de complications sont:
- les personnes atteintes de certaines maladies chroniques (MPOC, asthme, diabète, cancer, etc.);
- les enfants âgés de 6 mois à 5 ans;
- les personnes âgées de 60 ans et plus;
- les femmes enceintes (2 e et 3 e trimestre surtout);
- les personnes qui ont un système immunitaire affaibli (VIH, greffe d’organes, etc.)
- les personnes résidant dans des centres de longue durée ou des maisons de soins infirmiers, quel que soit leur âge;
- les personnes atteintes d’obésité morbide (IMC> 40)
- les personnes d’origine autochtones;
- les travailleurs en contact avec la population à risque de complications (travailleurs du domaine de la santé, des garderies, etc.).
Même si la grippe est une affection respiratoire, tout l’organisme en souffre. Habituellement, le sujet présente des symptômes aigus qui apparaissent soudainement. La fièvre s’installe rapidement et s’accompagne de frissons, d’une faiblesse générale, d’une perte d’appétit et de douleurs musculaires vives dans tout le corps. La plupart des gens recouvrent la santé entre 5 à 10 jours sans subir de complications.
La fatigue et la toux peuvent cependant persister jusqu’à 2 semaines et plus. Des symptômes gastro-intestinaux tels que des nausées, des vomissements et de la diarrhée peuvent quelquefois accompagner la grippe, ils sont toutefois plus fréquents chez les enfants.
Vous pouvez présenter un ou plusieurs des symptômes suivants:
- Mal de gorge
- Fatigue et faiblesse
- Douleurs musculaires
- Maux de tête
- Perte d’appétit
- Congestion nasale ou écoulements nasaux
Les complications de la grippe peuvent comprendre la déshydratation, la sinusite, l’otite, la bronchite et la pneumonie.