Know the symptoms of different kinds of pink eye.

  • Viral pink eye: Symptoms can include watery eyes along with a cold, flu, or sore throat.
  • Allergic pink eye: Symptoms include itchy eyes, swollen eyelids and a runny or itchy nose. It is more common in people who have other allergies, such as hay fever or asthma.
  • Bacterial pink eye: Symptoms include a thick, often yellow-green discharge that lasts all day (usually not with a cold or flu).

This report is for you to use when talking with your health-care provider. It is not a substitute for medical advice and treatment. Use of this report is at your own risk.

© 2013 Consumer Reports. Developed in cooperation with the American Academy of Ophthalmology.

Il peut être difficile de distinguer une grippe d’un rhume. Ce sont des maladies semblables, à première vue, mais bien différentes. Les symptômes du rhume sont habituellement légers alors que ceux de la grippe sont plus sévères. De plus, le rhume est fréquent et infecte principalement le nez et la gorge alors que la grippe, plus rare, peut aussi attaquer les poumons.

Tout le monde peut attraper la grippe. La grippe est une maladie sévère, les personnes âgées et les jeunes enfants sont les plus exposées à la grippe et à ses complications. On parle alors de personnes à risque de complications.

Les personnes dites à risque de complications sont:

  • les personnes atteintes de certaines maladies chroniques (MPOC, asthme, diabète, cancer, etc.);
  • les enfants âgés de 6 mois à 5 ans;
  • les personnes âgées de 60 ans et plus;
  • les femmes enceintes (2 e et 3 e trimestre surtout);
  • les personnes qui ont un système immunitaire affaibli (VIH, greffe d’organes, etc.)
  • les personnes résidant dans des centres de longue durée ou des maisons de soins infirmiers, quel que soit leur âge;
  • les personnes atteintes d’obésité morbide (IMC> 40)
  • les personnes d’origine autochtones;
  • les travailleurs en contact avec la population à risque de complications (travailleurs du domaine de la santé, des garderies, etc.).

Même si la grippe est une affection respiratoire, tout l’organisme en souffre. Habituellement, le sujet présente des symptômes aigus qui apparaissent soudainement. La fièvre s’installe rapidement et s’accompagne de frissons, d’une faiblesse générale, d’une perte d’appétit et de douleurs musculaires vives dans tout le corps. La plupart des gens recouvrent la santé entre 5 à 10 jours sans subir de complications.

La fatigue et la toux peuvent cependant persister jusqu’à 2 semaines et plus. Des symptômes gastro-intestinaux tels que des nausées, des vomissements et de la diarrhée peuvent quelquefois accompagner la grippe, ils sont toutefois plus fréquents chez les enfants.

Vous pouvez présenter un ou plusieurs des symptômes suivants:

  • Fièvre
  • Toux
  • Mal de gorge
  • Fatigue et faiblesse
  • Douleurs musculaires
  • Maux de tête
  • Perte d’appétit
  • Congestion nasale ou écoulements nasaux

Les complications de la grippe peuvent comprendre la déshydratation, la sinusite, l’otite, la bronchite et la pneumonie.

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You can find more information about mosquitoes on the Ministry of Health website and also tips on how to avoid mosquito bites while travelling.

Zika virus infection is notifiable in New Zealand as an arboviral disease.

Guidance for health professionals (updated 24 July 2017)

Pregnant women who become infected with Zika virus can transmit the disease to their unborn babies, with potentially serious consequences. Reports from several countries, most notably Brazil, demonstrate an increase in severe fetal birth defects and poor pregnancy outcomes in babies whose mothers were infected with Zika virus while pregnant.

We know that Zika virus infection during pregnancy is a cause of congenital microcephaly and other severe brain abnormalities. Zika virus has also been linked to other problems in pregnancies and among fetuses and infants infected before birth, such as miscarriage, stillbirth, and other birth defects.

A distinct pattern of birth defects, called congenital Zika syndrome, has emerged among fetuses and infants of women infected with Zika during pregnancy. In addition to cognitive, sensory, and motor disabilities that are shared with other birth defects, congenital Zika syndrome is associated with five types of birth defects that are either not seen or occur rarely with other infections (eg, cytomegalovirus or rubella) during pregnancy:

  • severe microcephaly resulting in a partially collapsed skull
  • decreased brain tissue with brain damage (as indicated by a specific pattern of calcium deposits)
  • damage to the back of the eye with a specific pattern of scarring and increased pigment
  • limited range of joint motion, such as clubfoot
  • too much muscle tone restricting body movement soon after birth.

Therefore, the Ministry of Health recommends that women who are pregnant or plan to become pregnant in the near term should defer travel to areas with Zika virus present. If travel is essential, if possible delay pregnancy if travelling to these areas.

If travelling in Zika-infected areas, women who are pregnant or plan to become pregnant should consult with their health care provider. All travelers should take all precautions to avoid mosquito bites, including the following.

  • Wear long-sleeved shirts and long pants.
  • Use insect repellents containing DEET, picaridin, oil of lemon eucalyptus (OLE), or IR3535. Always use as directed.
  • Insect repellents containing DEET, picaridin, and IR3535 are safe for pregnant and breastfeeding women and children older than 2 months when used according to the product label. Oil of lemon eucalyptus products should not be used on children under 3 years of age.
  • If you use both sunscreen and insect repellent, apply the sunscreen first and then the repellent.
  • Use permethrin-treated clothing and gear (such as boots, pants, socks, and tents).
  • Use bed nets as necessary.
  • Stay and sleep in screened-in or air-conditioned rooms.
  • Be particularly vigilant for the 2 hours after sunrise and the 2 hours before sunset.

We also advise that women who have travelled to an affected country without their partner use appropriate contraception for eight weeks to avoid pregnancy. However, if the partner has also travelled to an affected country then see advice on sexual transmission of Zika virus.

If you are pregnant and develop a rash, red eyes, fever, or joint pain within 14 days of travel to a Zika virus-infected country, please consult your health care provider and let them know your travel history.

This information will be updated as more research becomes available.

Zika virus is considered to be mainly spread by infected mosquitoes. However, there is growing information available about the risk of sexual transmission of Zika virus.

Due to the potentially serious implications of transmitting Zika to a pregnant woman, we advise that:

  • All men who have travelled to a Zika-affected area and have a pregnant partner should abstain from sexual activity (oral, vaginal, and anal) or use condoms for the duration of the pregnancy, whether they have symptoms or not.
  • All men who have travelled to a Zika-affected area and have a partner who is at risk of becoming pregnant should abstain from sexual activity (oral, vaginal, and anal) or use condoms, whether they have symptoms or not, for at least six months after leaving a Zika-affected area.

We will continue to review New Zealand guidance as further information becomes available.

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Lithium (150mg, taken once off Sodium Valproate, 6 months 2014)

Seroquel (750mg, 5 years, 2010 - 2014 )

Ritalin (50 mg per day in the past 6 months)

Lexapro is my last medication I am getting off now (under GP and psychiatrists supervisor / guidance). All other medications were weaned off of over a long period of time and in small increments.

I started going off Lexapro a two weeks ago (20 mg down to 10 mg), the first week I thought I was just getting my girlfriends flu.

Then I went from 10 mg to nothing.

This has been HELL!

Cold sores, mouth ulcers, lethargy, headaches, really bad insomnia, grumpy and unsociable.

I believe it must really weaken your immune system in order for this to happen.

The first week was great. I could think clearer. Tasks and university work began to become easier to do due to being able to think more in depth and sequentially.

I may have to redo my units but if I am able to think as clear as the first week I am willing to make that sacrifice.

Does anyone who has gone cold turkey after long periods on Lexapro as to how long the withdrawals symptoms last?

i too am weened off lexapro.. this is my 5th day off of my 10mg of 8 months not long i know.

but i don't want to be on these any more as me and my partner are trying to conceive i think this med is blocking it and keeping is from conceiving so if we get what we want at the end its the only thing giving me hope from these horrendous side effects.

I really hope i can push from it but all people blog about is how bad the side effects are and the beginning stage. what about after the withdrawals.. is there hope?

my symptoms are feeling faint light headed migraine sweats shivers and shaking cant concentrate and patchy skin if this is it then fine i can get over this.. but how long will it last? also i am extremely tired won't stop sleeping and signed off from work due to nearly collapsing..:(.

Hey I have only been on for 9 months at 10 mg and I dosed myself down to 5mg for the past 3 days. I am experiencing pain in my neck but nothing else anyone has been talking about. Did you have any physical pain?

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2. Respiratory Symptoms

As the fever subsides, cough, runny nose and sore throat will become more common. In some cases, these symptoms can become worse, eventually developing into pneumonia or bronchitis if the symptoms are not treated. In most cases, respiratory symptoms will disappear after a week, though it is possible for the cough to last for several weeks.

3. Stomach Symptoms

Many strains of the condition will cause irritation in the stomach. Because this is so common, this particular type of flue is often referred to as a stomach flu though the virus does not specifically affect the stomach. Stomach symptoms include nausea, loss of appetite or vomiting.

  • Bacterial pneumonia. Pneumonia is one of the most common complications that stems from an infection. This virus damages the lungs which can restrict the airways and increase the risk of developing an additional bacterial infection, including pneumonia. Pneumonia is caused by bacteria increasing rapidly in the airways, causing fluid retention, inflammation and swelling of the lungs' air sacs. If the lungs start to fill with fluid, it can make it hard to breath, causing shortness of breath, chest pain, coughing and fever. This is a serious concern for those with chronic illnesses or elderly people.
  • Encephalitis. This is a rare condition that is caused by the brain becoming inflamed due to exposure to the influenza virus. This condition is signaled by headaches and fever which will develop into confusion, drowsiness, seizures, loss of consciousness or coma.
  • Myositis. Myositis largely impacts children, causing muscle inflammation or tenderness in the legs. This inflammation can make it difficult to move or lead to muscle weakness as well. These symptoms typically last around 1-5 days.
  • Reye's syndrome. Some children and adolescents can develop this neurological disease that causes delirium, nausea, vomiting or confusion. In some cases, this syndrome is caused by taking aspirin to help manage influenza symptoms like fever. Talk to your doctor before giving aspirin to an underage patient to make sure it is safe.
  • Others. In addition to causing more serious complications, the respiratory symptoms associated with this virus may cause bronchitis, sinus infections or ear infections.

Medical Treatments

In most cases, there is no need to administer medication to those suffering from the flu. If necessary, antiviral medications such as zanamivir or oseltamivir can be administered to help shorten the duration of the illness or to lower the risk of additional complications developing. Oseltamivir is taken orally and zanamivir is administered with an inhaler like you would use asthma medication. These medications can cause side effects including vomiting. Oseltamivir increases the risk of self-harm or delirium in teenagers.

Home Remedies

  • Fluids. Drinking plenty of beverages like juice, water and warm soup can help prevent dehydration when suffering from the flu. Make sure you drink enough to keep your urine a pale yellow color.
  • Rest. Make sure you get plenty of sleep to encourage your immune system to fight the infection.
  • OTC pain killers. Pain relievers like ibuprofen or acetaminophen can help manage the body aches associated with the flu. Aspirin should not be given to teens or children as this increases their risk of Reye's syndrome.

Preventions

  • Flu vaccine. Every year a new flu vaccine is developed that contains the antibodies for the strains of flu anticipated to be prominent that season. These vaccines are commonly administered as a nasal spray or injection.
  • Avoiding spreading virus. While there is no way to completely prevent the flu, there are steps you can take to prevent spreading it to others. Wash your hands, scrubbing them for 15 seconds to rid your skin of traces of the virus. Alcohol-based hand sanitizer is also helpful in keeping the skin clean. Cover the mouth and nose when you sneeze, but use a tissue or the inner portion of the arm instead of your hand to avoid getting the virus on your hands where it can be spread. Try to avoid crowded areas like public transportation, child care centers or office buildings during the peak of flu season to avoid coming in contact with the virus.

Symptoms of Swine Flu - Know the Difference Between H1N1 Flu and Regular Flu

By Arunraj V.S. | Submitted On August 12, 2009

Swine Flu is a number one health concern the world over. The HI1N1 flu or Swine Flu was first detected in US in April 2009. The worst affected areas initially were Canada and Mexico before H1N1 flu cases began to emerge in other areas of the world. In a short span of four months, the disease has spread to almost all regions in the world. World Health Organization has called H1N1 as pandemic which means a big epidemic that involves the entire country or perhaps the world. Usually, the signs of a pandemic are when a virus without any immunity to stop it, spreads across various parts of the world.

Risk factors of Swine Flu
Swine Flu spreads from person to person in the same way as regular seasonal influenza viruses spread. People with high risk for seasonal flu are also at high risk for H1N1 flu. For example, people above 65 years of age, pregnant women, children below 5 years of age and those with chronic medical conditions and lifestyle diseases like diabetes are at high risk.

Symptoms of Swine Flu
In children, the symptoms of H1N1 virus include:
1. Rapid Breathing or Difficulty in breathing.
2. Grayish or Bluish Skin Color
3. Dehydration
4. Persistent of severe vomiting
5. Not able to interact properly with people, become irritable
6. Flu like symptoms, bad cough and fever

In adults, the symptoms of swine flu include:
1. Shortness of breath or difficulty in breathing
2. Pain in chest or abdomen
3. Sudden dizziness or loss of energy
4. Severe or continuous vomiting
6. Flu like symptoms, bad cough and fever

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The Symptoms And Treatment
Of Canine Diabetes Explained


If You Love Your Dog And Are Worried Canine Diabetes Might Shorten His Or
Her Life — Relax, Help Is At Hand.

We can help if you have a problem feeding
your diabetic dog, need accurate information,
or want to save money on treatment.

When your dog is first diagnosed, Vets will often offer good advice on the initial treatment but be aware that much of this advice is quoted from textbooks and very few Vets have experience of treating a diabetic dog in a home environment.

Whilst there is no outright cure to diabetes in dogs, it can be controlled and our helpful guide give lots of useful information to help you and your pet to lead a near normal life.

There are three forms of canine diabetes, all of which display very similar symptoms, the most noticeable being:

  1. Your dog has increased urination.
  2. Your dog drinks frequently / excessively.
  3. Your dog begins to lose weight.
  4. Your dog is often tired, lethargic or sleeps more often.

Note that these symptoms are not exclusive to diabetes, but they are often the earliest signs detectable by owners.

Increased Urination
The increased urination is due to excess glucose which the animal is unable to process normally and so tries to get rid of by urinating. This frequent urination causes greater thirst, thus the animal must drink more frequently to replace the lost fluids.

Ketones
If the body cannot gain sufficient energy from the food consumed, it will burn stored fat resulting in a loss of body weight and ketones to become present.

Weight loss in a diabetic dog which eats normally or even one with an increased appetite is not uncommon. Ketones levels in the bloodstream can be tested and treatment, usually dietary, administered. If left untreated this can lead to ketoacidosis which in serious cases can become an emergency condition leading to coma and even death.

Tired or Lethargic
Normally active dogs which suddenly show signs of tiredness, no energy and take to sleeping a lot require urgent attention. An appointment should be made with your Vet ASAP to either prove or discount the possibility of diabetes.

There are three forms of Diabetes in dogs. They are Diabetes Mellitus, Diabetes Insipidus and Gestational Diabetes. Although all three types of Diabetes occur, Diabetes Mellitus is by far the most common. The use of insulin and prescribed food is often the only method available to enable effective control of your dog's diabetes once the disease has taken hold.

Diabetes Insipidus
This is an abnormal increase in urine output, fluid intake and often thirst. It causes symptoms such as urinary frequency because the urine output is not concentrated normally and instead of being a yellow color, the urine is pale, colorless or watery in appearance and the measured concentration (osmolality or specific gravity) is low.

Diabetes Insipidus resembles diabetes mellitus because the symptoms of both diseases are increased urination and thirst. However, in every other respect, including the causes and treatment, the diseases are completely unrelated.

Diabetes Mellitus in dogs.
Insulin is produced by the pancreas and helps regulate blood concentrations of glucose. Diabetes Mellitus is a disorder where their bodies are deficient in the production of insulin or unable to use the insulin produced effectively. The symptoms become worse as the disease progresses so the sooner it is diagnosed the better to avoid complications.

The Symptoms of Diabetes Mellitus in dogs.
High blood sugar levels (hyperglycemia) develop because the animal’s body is unable to break down and use glucose properly. This inability causes sugar to appear in the urine (glucosuria) that in turn causes an excessive amount of urination (polyuria). To compensate for the increase in urination the dog must drink an excessive amount (polydipsia).

Gestational Diabetes
This occurs only in female dogs during pregnancy when her body does not produce enough insulin or cannot use the insulin it produces correctly. Gestational diabetes has the same symptoms as Diabetes Mellitus and is treated similarly with diet control and sometimes with insulin injections.

The most obvious symptom is that of a normally well house-trained dog urinating in the home for no apparent reason. Sometimes this can be confused with incontinence, particularly with elderly dogs, but there are other conditions, such as a bladder infection, which can display the same symptoms.

A relatively simple blood test is required to give an accurate diagnosis. Although the same equipment used for human diabetes blood-sugar checking can also suffice, if the tests confirm diabetes a diabetes management program will be required right away.

The Canine Diabetes Management Guide is an electronic book available
for Windows, Mac, Linux, Kindle, iPhone and iPad.

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  • Influenza antiviral prescription drugs can be used to treat influenza or to prevent influenza.
  • Oseltamivir, zanamivir, and peramivir are chemically related antiviral medications known as neuraminidase inhibitors that have activity against both influenza A and B viruses.

The following are the CDC recommended antiviral medications for the treatment of influenza (flu) for the 2016-2017 season are as follows: oral oseltamivir (Tamiflu), inhaled zanamivir (Relenza), and intravenous peramivir (Rapivab). See Table 1 below for details about utilizing these drugs in adults and children.

Over-the-counter medications that may help reduce symptoms of congestion (decongestants), coughing (cough medicine), and dehydration include diphenhydramine (Benadryl), acetaminophen (Tylenol), NSAIDs (Advil, Motrin, Aleve), guaifenesin (Mucinex), dextromethorphan (Delsym), pseudoephedrine (Sudafed), and oral fluids. Aspirin may be used in adults but not in children.

Antibiotics treat bacterial infections, not viral illnesses like the flu.

Individuals with the flu may also benefit from some additional bed rest, throat lozenges, and possibly nasal irrigation; drinking fluids may help prevent symptoms of dehydration (for example, dry mucus membranes and decreased urination).

While a person has the flu, good nutrition can help the recovery process. Anyone with the flu needs to avoid dehydration, soothe sore throat and/or upset stomach, and have a good protein intake. Dehydration can be avoided by adequate fluid intake such as juices (orange, cranberry, grapefruit, tomato, grape, and others). Sore throat and upset stomach may be relieved by broths or warm soups (chicken, vegetable, or beef) and plain crackers, toast, and ginger tea or noncarbonated ginger ale. Scrambled eggs, yogurt, and/or protein drinks are good protein sources. In addition, bananas, rice, and applesauce are food that are often recommended for those with an upset stomach. This list is not exhaustive but should provide a balanced approach to help speed recovery from the flu.

When should a person go to the emergency department for the flu?

The CDC urges people to seek emergency medical care for a sick child with any of these flu effects (symptoms or signs):

  1. Fast breathing or trouble breathing (shortness of breath)
  2. Bluish or gray skin color
  3. Not drinking enough fluids
  4. Severe or persistent vomiting
  5. Not waking up or not interacting
  6. Being so irritable that the child does not want to be held
  7. Flu-like symptoms improve but then return with fever and cough

The following is the CDC's list of symptoms that should trigger emergency medical care for adults:

  1. Difficulty breathing or shortness of breath
  2. Pain or pressure in the chest or abdomen
  3. Sudden dizziness
  4. Confusion
  5. Severe or persistent vomiting
  6. Flu-like symptoms improve but then return with fever and worse cough
  7. Having a high fever for more than three days is another danger sign, according to the WHO, so the CDC has also included this as another serious symptom.

Who should receive the flu vaccine, and who has the highest risk factors? When should someone get the flu shot?

In the United States, the flu season usually occurs from about November until April. Officials have decided each new flu season will start each year on Oct. 4. Typically, activity is very low until December, and peak activity most often occurs between January and March. Ideally, the conventional flu vaccine should be administered between September and mid-November. Flu season typically occurs between October and May. It takes about one to two weeks after vaccination for antibodies against influenza to develop and provide protection. The CDC has published a summary list of their current recommendations of who should get the current vaccine:

Summary of CDC influenza vaccination recommendations for 2017-2018

Routine annual influenza vaccination of all people aged ≥ 6 months without contraindications continues to be recommended. No preferential recommendation is made for one influenza vaccine product over another for people for whom more than one licensed, recommended product is otherwise appropriate. Updated information and guidance in this document includes the following:

  • In light of low effectiveness against influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 in the United States during the 2013-14 and 2015-16 seasons, for the 2017-18 season, ACIP makes the interim recommendation that LAIV4 (nasal spray) should not be used. Because LAIV4 is still a licensed vaccine that might be available and that some providers might elect to use, for informational purposes, reference is made to previous recommendations for its use.
  • The 2017-2018 U.S. trivalent influenza vaccines will contain an A/Michigan/45/2015 (H1N1)pdm09-like virus, an A/Hong Kong/4801/2014 (H3N2)-like virus, and a B/Brisbane/60/2008-like virus (Victoria lineage). Quadrivalent vaccines will include an additional vaccine virus strain, a B/Phuket/3073/2013-like virus (Yamagata lineage).
  • Recent new vaccine licensures are discussed:
    • An MF59-adjuvanted trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine (aIIV3), Fluad (Seqirus, Holly Springs, North Carolina), was licensed by FDA in November 2015 for people aged ≥ 65 years. Regulatory information is available at http://www.fda.gov/BiologicsBloodVaccines/SafetyAvailability/VaccineSafety/ucm473989.htm. aIIV3 is an acceptable alternative to other vaccines licensed for people in this age group. ACIP and CDC do not express a preference for any particular vaccine product.
    • A quadrivalent formulation of Flucelvax (cell culture-based inactivated influenza vaccine [ccIIV4], Seqirus, Holly Springs, North Carolina) was licensed by the FDA in May 2016 for people aged ≥ 4 years. Regulatory information is available at: http://www.fda.gov/BiologicsBloodVaccines/Vaccines/ApprovedProducts/ucm502844.htm. ccIIV4 is an acceptable alternative to other vaccines licensed for people in this age group. No preference is expressed for any particular vaccine product.

For more information and details too extensive to include here, the following site is recommended: http://www.cdc.gov/flu/professionals/acip/index.htm.

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Flu vaccine is now recommended for EVERYONE over 6 months. It is one of the most important ways to prevent flu.

Flu is an upper respiratory illness caused by a virus. Symptoms of flu can include fever, coughing, sore throat, runny or stuffy nose, headaches, body aches, chills and fatigue. Flu is not the same as a bad cold. It can be dangerous. Flu can cause high fever and pneumonia, and make medical conditions worse.

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    What can you do if you have PD?

    • Work with your doctor to create a plan to stay healthy. This might include the following:
      • A referral to a neurologist, a doctor who specializes in the brain
      • Care from an occupational therapist, physical therapist or speech therapist
      • Meeting with a medical social worker to talk about how Parkinson's will affect your life
    • Start a regular exercise program to delay further symptoms.
    • Talk with family and friends who can provide you with the support you need.

    For more information, visit our Treatment page.

    Watch and share this public service announcement featuring U.S. Senator Cory Booker that discusses the early warning signs of Parkinson's disease.

    Page reviewed by Dr. Chauncey Spears, Movement Disorders Fellow at the University of Florida, a Parkinson’s Foundation Center of Excellence.

    Melissa Kaplan's
    Lyme Disease
    Part of the Anapsid.org Chronic Neuroimmune Diseases Information Resources for CFS, FM, MCS, Lyme Disease, Thyroid, and more.
    Last updated January 1, 2014

    Short Symptom List: Lyme Disease & Common Co-Infections

    Borrelia, Babesia, Bartonella, and Ehrlichia

    The following symptoms were excerpted from Diagnostic Hints And Treatment Guidelines For Lyme And Other Tick Borne Illnesses, by Joseph J. Burrascano Jr., M.D. (Fifteenth Edition 2008).

    Borrelia
    (Borreliosis, neuroborreliosis; also known as Lyme Disease)
    Spread primarily though the bite of infected ticks that live on a wide range of mammalian species; secondary human-to-human transmission through semen, breast milk, and possibly in utero

    Bladder dysfunction
    Burning or stabbing sensations
    Cardiac impairment
    Change in bowel function
    Chest pain
    Confusion
    Depression
    Difficulty thinking
    Difficulty with concentration and reading
    Difficulty with speech, writing
    Difficulty finding words; name blocking
    Disorientation: getting lost, going to wrong places
    Disturbed sleep: too much, too little, fractionated, early awakening
    Ears/Hearing: buzzing, ringing, ear pain, sound sensitivity
    Exaggerated symptoms or worse hangover from alcohol
    Eyes/Vision: double, blurry, increased floaters, light sensitivity
    Facial paralysis (Bell's palsy)
    Fatigue, tiredness, poor stamina
    Forgetfulness
    Headache
    Heart block
    Heart murmur
    Heart palpitations
    Heart valve prolapse
    Increased motion sickness
    Irritability
    Irritable bladder
    Joint pain or swelling
    Lightheadedness
    Mood swings
    Muscle pain or cramps
    Neck creaks & cracks
    Neck stiffness, pain
    Numbness
    Pelvic pain
    Poor attention
    Poor balance
    Poor short-term memory
    Problem absorbing new information
    Pulse skips
    Rib soreness
    Sexual dysfunction or loss of libido
    Shooting pains
    Shortness of breath; cough
    Skin hypersensitivity
    Sore throat
    Stiffness of the joints or back
    Swollen glands
    Testicular pain
    Tingling
    Tremor
    Twitching of the face or other muscles
    Unavoidable need to sit or lay down
    Unexplained breast pain
    Unexplained fevers, sweats, chills or flushing
    Unexplained hair loss
    Unexplained menstrual irregularity'
    Unexplained milk production
    Unexplained weight loss or gain
    Upset Stomach or abdominal pain
    Vertigo
    Wooziness

    Babesia
    (Babesiosis)
    Babesia is a protozoan spread by ticks, blood transfusion, and in utero. Despite there being 20+known forms to date, current testing only looks for two of them.

    Air hunger
    Cough
    Fatigue
    Fevers
    Headache
    Hemolysis
    Imbalance without true vertigo
    Mild encephalopathy
    Shaking chills
    Sweats

    Bartonella
    (Bartonellosis, also known as cat scratch fever)
    Spread by bites from infected ticks and in utero

    abnormal liver enzymes
    encephalopathy
    endocarditis
    flu-like malaise
    headache
    hemolysis with anemia
    hepatomegaly
    high fever
    immune deficiency
    jaundice
    lymphadenopathy
    myalgias
    myocarditis
    papular or angiomatous rash
    somnolence
    sore throat
    splenomegaly
    weakened immune response

    Ehrlichia
    (Ehrlichiosis)
    Bites from infected ticks

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    The most recent data for the mortality (death rates) from influenza rate (death rate) for the United States in 2016 indicates that mortality from influenza varies from year to year. Death rates estimated by the CDC range from about 12,000 during 2011-2012 to 56,000 during 2012-2013.

    Haemophilus influenzae is a bacterium that was incorrectly considered to cause the flu until the virus was demonstrated to be the correct cause in 1933. This bacterium can cause lung infections in infants and children, and it occasionally causes ear, eye, sinus, joint, and a few other infections, but it does not cause the flu.

    Another confusing term is stomach flu. This term refers to a gastrointestinal tract infection, not a respiratory infection like influenza (flu); stomach flu (gastroenteritis) is not caused by influenza viruses.

    Although initially symptoms of influenza may mimic those of a cold, influenza is more debilitating with symptoms of fatigue, fever, and respiratory congestion. Colds can be caused by over 100 different virus types, but only influenza viruses (and subtypes) A, B, and C cause the flu. In addition, colds do not lead to life-threatening illnesses like pneumonia, but severe infections with influenza viruses can lead to pneumonia or even death.

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    Compared with most other viral respiratory infections, such as the common cold, influenza (flu) infection usually causes a more severe illness with a mortality rate (death rate) of about 0.1% of people who are infected with the virus. Cold symptoms (for example, sore throat, runny nose, cough (with possible phlegm production), congestion, and slight fever) are similar to flu symptoms, but the flu symptoms are more severe, last longer, and may include vomiting, diarrhea, and cough that is often a dry cough.

    The following table is provided by the CDC to help distinguish between a cold and influenza:

    Although some of the symptoms of influenza may mimic those of food poisoning, others do not. Most symptoms of food poisoning include nausea, vomiting, watery diarrhea, abdominal pain, cramps, and fever. Note that the majority of food poisoning symptoms are related to the gastrointestinal tract, except for fever. The common flu signs and symptoms include fever but also include symptoms that are not typical for food poisoning, because the flu is a respiratory disease. Consequently, respiratory symptoms of nasal congestion, dry cough, and some breathing problems help distinguish the flu from food poisoning.

    Influenza viruses cause the flu and are divided into three types, designated A, B, and C. Influenza A and influenza B are responsible for epidemics of respiratory illness that occur almost every winter and are often associated with increased rates of hospitalization and death. Influenza type C differs from types A and B in some important ways. Type C infection usually causes either a very mild respiratory illness or no symptoms at all; it does not cause epidemics and does not have the severe public-health impact of influenza types A and B. Efforts to control the impact of influenza are aimed at types A and B, and the remainder of this discussion will be devoted only to these two types.

    Influenza viruses continually change over time, usually by mutation (change in the viral RNA). This constant changing often enables the virus to evade the immune system of the host (humans, birds, and other animals) so that the host is susceptible to changing influenza virus infections throughout life. This process works as follows: A host infected with influenza virus develops antibodies against that virus; as the virus changes, the "first" antibody no longer recognizes the "newer" virus and infection can occur because the host does not recognize the new flu virus as a problem until the infection is well under way. The first antibody developed may, in some instances, provide partial protection against infection with a new influenza virus. In 2009, almost all individuals had no antibodies that could recognize the novel H1N1 virus immediately.

    Type A viruses are divided into subtypes or strains based on differences in two viral surface proteins called the hemagglutinin (H) and the neuraminidase (N). There are at least 16 known H subtypes and nine known N subtypes. These surface proteins can occur in many combinations. When spread by droplets or direct contact, the virus, if not killed by the host's immune system, replicates in the respiratory tract and damages host cells. In people who are immune compromised (for example, pregnant women, infants, cancer patients, asthma patients, people with pulmonary disease, and many others), the virus can cause viral pneumonia or stress the individual's system to make them more susceptible to bacterial infections, especially bacterial pneumonia. Both pneumonia types, viral and bacterial, can cause severe disease and sometimes death.

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    The re-appearance of iodine deficiency and hypothyroidism in developed countries is caused by a trend towards low salt consumption. In a bid to reduce the risk factor for hypertension and edema, most people in affluent nations are taking the widely publicized health advice to drop salt from their diet.

    Unfortunately, iodized salt has been the most used and the most effective public health initiative to reduce iodine deficiency and prevent goiter, cretinism, and hypothyroidism.

    Adding iodine to salt is a very cheap means of eradicating iodine deficiency. Experts estimate that it costs only a few cents for every ton of salt produced.

    However, care should be taking with treating iodine deficiency with iodized salt.

    Where the deficiency is severe and met with high intake of iodized salt, hyperthyroidism may result. In addition, people who are older than 40 years have a greater risk of developing hyperthyroidism from taking iron-fortified food products.

    Where salt consumption is heavily restricted, iodine can still be obtained from the diet by eating more saltwater fish and sea vegetables such as kelp.

    With swine flu claiming so many lives across the nation it is little tricky to give a straight answer to such a simple question. However, there is a fair amount of chance to recover from the flu if tr

    With swine flu claiming so many lives across the nation it is little tricky to give a straight answer to such a simple question. However, there is a fair amount of chance to recover from the flu if treatment and care can be provided on time and during the initial phase soon after contracting the viral infection.

    ‘One must realise that unlike other viral diseases like leptospirosis, malaria, dengue where the entire immune system and all major organs have to face the wrath of the virus, in case of swine flu, the immunity of a person is suppressed and only the lung function is affected, although to a great extent. So, recovery of a patient from swine flu largely depends on the extent of lung damage one has faced due to the virus,’ says Dr Prakash Jiandani, director of critical care unit, Wockhardt Hospital, South Mumbai. In some rare cases of swine flu, it can also lead to cardiac arrest and brain damage. But most of the time, a life is lost battling a respiratory infection because of swine flu and it doesn’t reach to that extreme. Here is all that you need to know about the treatment and medication of swine flu.

    Lines of treatment

    In case of swine flu, the first line of treatment is antiviral therapy given either by oral suspension or in capsule form. If a patient fails to recover with oral medications the second line of treatment would be to start on ventilation. ‘The idea of starting a patient suffering with moderate to severe symptoms of swine flu on ventilation, is done to restore oxygen supply in the blood and revive lung function. However, one must realise that even best ventilation mechanisms can help patients only to a certain extent. If the damage done to the lungs is beyond any repair, then even the best of supportive care provided would fail to help one survive any longer,’ informs Dr Jiandani. Here are the symptoms of swine flu you should know about.

    Prevention is better than cure

    This is the reason why preventing a bout of swine flu is more important than treating it. ‘It is necessary to take steps early and visit the doctor if you develop any symptoms of the seasonal flu. However, not all the healthy individual with cold and cough needs to be treated for swine flu. One should be diagnosed carefully for the symptoms, especially those who fall under the risk group, like people suffering from High BP, diabetes or the elderly,’ says Dr Jiandani. Here are 15 tips for everyone to prevent a bout of swine flu.

    Oral antiviral medication, when given within 48 hours after experiencing the symptoms can help one recover fast. However, if it delays recovery then oxygen therapy with proper ventilation goes in long way to resurrect lung function. ‘High frequency ventilation or extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) can help patients recover from the symptoms of flu,’ says Dr Jiandani. (Read: IMA guidelines to tackle swine flu (H1N1 influenza) in India)

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    • In order to overcome fatigue, have raisins and dates daily. Soak them overnight in plain water and consume them the next day. They promote quick recovery and provide strength and vigor.
    • Stomach pain can be relieved by consuming a mixture of 1 teaspoon cumin seed powder and 1 teaspoon of sugar.
    • Consume lot of fluids – fruit juices, soups, glucose water or coconut water will be helpful.
    • Homoeopathy mixture, biochemic 28 is a very good tonic for the entire system, combating infection, stepping up the immunity and bringing about speedy cure for typhoid.

    What was your experience with typhoid? What were your symptoms? How did you cure your typhoid? Share your experience to help our readers.

    Prednisone is a steroidal drug that is used to combat many common ailments that are of a serious nature. Along with this medication, you will receive specific instructions on how to take it. This will include a proper regimen for coming off of the medicine gradually at the end of treatment. Why is this the case? Abruptly ceasing the use of prednisone can result in prednisone withdrawal symptoms. What do these symptoms include?

    One of the most common symptoms of prednisone withdrawal is a feeling of weakness or severe fatigue. This is because the immune system is weakened. It may also result in body aches and a low grade fever as though a cold were coming on. Joint pain is also common. Also on the list of prednisone withdrawal side effects is depression. This is because withdrawal from the drug causes hormonal changes in the body. Also because of the hormone changes, a woman who comes off of prednisone too quickly may experience side effects concerning her menstrual cycle. It may become temporarily irregular.

    Prednisone and Weight Gain: Prednisone also may often cause rapid weight gain in those who are taking it. After ceasing the medication, the weight will likely also come back off quickly.

    This can worsen feelings of fatigue. Nausea is also common. If the nausea is very bad, it may result in fainting. So do not be surprised if you loose some weight rather rapidly after ending your prednisone treatment.

    Please note that the longer you are on prednisone, the worse you can expect the prednisone withdrawal symptoms to be should you cease taking the medication suddenly. For this reason, doctors generally only prescribe prednisone for short periods of time unless absolutely necessary.

    Generally prednisone is prescribed for immune disorders, serious allergic reactions, or severe inflammation. If you stop the medication too quickly, the disease will likely recur. This is because the body is still depending on the medication to keep the condition at bay. This also makes it vital to come off of the medication gradually, so that your body has time to adjust and fight your health problem without the prednisone.

    For these and other reasons it is vital that prednisone be taken as prescribed. This includes the length of time that medication should be taken, the dosage to be used, and the regimin for coming off of the drug. When used properly, prednisone can help with may serious conditions, and the majority of the prednisone withdrawal symptoms can be avoided.

    The Symptoms And Treatment
    Of Canine Diabetes Explained


    If You Love Your Dog And Are Worried Canine Diabetes Might Shorten His Or
    Her Life — Relax, Help Is At Hand.

    We can help if you have a problem feeding
    your diabetic dog, need accurate information,
    or want to save money on treatment.

    When your dog is first diagnosed, Vets will often offer good advice on the initial treatment but be aware that much of this advice is quoted from textbooks and very few Vets have experience of treating a diabetic dog in a home environment.

    Whilst there is no outright cure to diabetes in dogs, it can be controlled and our helpful guide give lots of useful information to help you and your pet to lead a near normal life.

    There are three forms of canine diabetes, all of which display very similar symptoms, the most noticeable being:

    1. Your dog has increased urination.
    2. Your dog drinks frequently / excessively.
    3. Your dog begins to lose weight.
    4. Your dog is often tired, lethargic or sleeps more often.

    Note that these symptoms are not exclusive to diabetes, but they are often the earliest signs detectable by owners.

    Increased Urination
    The increased urination is due to excess glucose which the animal is unable to process normally and so tries to get rid of by urinating. This frequent urination causes greater thirst, thus the animal must drink more frequently to replace the lost fluids.

    Ketones
    If the body cannot gain sufficient energy from the food consumed, it will burn stored fat resulting in a loss of body weight and ketones to become present.

    Weight loss in a diabetic dog which eats normally or even one with an increased appetite is not uncommon. Ketones levels in the bloodstream can be tested and treatment, usually dietary, administered. If left untreated this can lead to ketoacidosis which in serious cases can become an emergency condition leading to coma and even death.