Die Zeit zwischen einer Infektion mit dem Influenzavirus und dem Ausbruch der Erkrankung beträgt normalerweise ein bis drei Tage. Danach kommt es schlagartig zu charakteristischen Grippesymptomen wie hohem Fieber (bis 41°C) mit trockenem Husten, Schnupfen, Kopf-, Muskel- und Gliederschmerzen sowie einem allgemeinen Krankheitsgefühl. Gelegentlich können auch Atembeschwerden auftreten. Demnach kann eine Grippe als Erkrankung des gesamten Atemtraktes beschrieben werden, die jedoch Symptome im ganzen Körper verursacht. Charakteristisch ist der abrupte Beginn der Symptome, so dass die Patientinnen und Patienten oftmals noch Jahre später den Zeitpunkt präzise beschreiben können.

Aufgrund der raschen Virusvermehrung ist die Infektionsgefahr für andere Personen mit dem Einsetzen von Husten und Niesen der Erkrankten/des Erkrankten am größten. Dabei ist die Virenkonzentration bei erkrankten Kindern meist höher als bei anderen Altersgruppen. Die leichte Übertragbarkeit der Influenzaviren kann in solchen Situationen bei Kontakt zu anderen Menschen zu einer explosionsartigen Verbreitung der Grippe führen.

Verläuft die Influenza unkompliziert, bessern sich die Beschwerden normalerweise innerhalb von zwei bis fünf Tagen. Ein Großteil der Patientinnen und Patienten hat die Erkrankung normalerweise nach einer Woche überstanden. Allerdings nimmt zirka jede fünfte Influenza einen komplizierten Verlauf. Die häufigste Komplikation bei einer Grippeerkrankung ist eine Pneumonie (Lungenentzündung), wobei von der durch das Grippevirus selbst verursachten „primären Pneumonie“ die größten Gefahren ausgehen. Diese äußert sich meistens in einer Verschlechterung des Allgemeinzustands ein bis zwei Tage nach Krankheitsbeginn mit Atemnot und eventuell einer Blaufärbung von Haut und Schleimhäuten (Zyanose). Da sich bestimmte Bakterien, wie beispielsweise Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pneumoniae oder Haemophilus influenzae, direkt an die Influenzaviren binden können, kann es aber auch infolge der akuten Influenza zu einer sogenannten „bakteriellen Superinfektion“ kommen. Bei dieser Form der Lungenentzündung steigt nach einer zwei- bis dreitägigen Phase der Besserung das Fieber erneut an und geht häufig mit Symptomen wie Husten und einem eitrigen Auswurf einher.

Die häufigste Form der Influenza-Pneumonie ist jedoch eine gemischt viral-bakterielle Lungenentzündung, die sich entweder in einem allmählichen Fortschreiten der Erkrankung oder einer vorübergehenden Besserung und anschließenden Verschlechterung der Symptome äußert. Neben einer Pneumonie treten bei einer Influenza gelegentlich noch weitere Komplikationen auf. Dazu gehören beispielsweise eine Entzündung des Herzmuskels oder Herzbeutels, der Nasennebenhöhlen, des Mittelohrs, der Muskeln, der Hirn- beziehungsweise Rückenmarkshäute oder eine Schädigung des Gehirns.

Die Diagnose einer Grippe ergibt sich während einer Grippeepidemie aus der Krankengeschichte und der körperlichen Untersuchung der Patientin/des Patienten. In manchen Fällen werden auch spezifische Laboruntersuchungen zum Virusnachweis durchgeführt. Dadurch können beispielsweise Informationen über die vorhandenen Virustypen oder die Verbreitung der Grippe erhalten werden. Derartige Laboruntersuchungen spielen zudem eine bedeutende Rolle zur Identifikation der Erreger bei neu aufgetretenen Formen der Grippe. Damit können beispielsweise Mutationen der Gene von Influenzaviren analysiert und eine Abgrenzung gegenüber der saisonalen Grippe vorgenommen werden.

Für die weitere Diagnostik der Grippe stehen je nach Krankheitsphase verschiedene Untersuchungsmethoden zur Verfügung. Dabei kommen unter anderem Untersuchungen von Nasensekret und Auswurf, Rachenabstriche sowie Blutuntersuchungen zum Einsatz.

Weitere Informationen finden Sie unter Influenza-A/B-Schnelltest.

Ist eine Person bereits an Grippe erkrankt, können bei rechtzeitiger Therapie die Influenzaviren direkt bekämpft werden. Hierfür gibt es bestimmte Medikamente – sogenannte Neuraminidasehemmer (Oseltamivir und Zanamivir). Sie blockieren die Freisetzung von neu gebildeten Viruspartikeln aus bereits infizierten Zellen und hemmen so die Vermehrung der Influenzaviren im Körper. Da nach einer anfänglichen Phase der raschen Erregerausbreitung die Zahl der Viren 24 bis 48 Stunden nach Ausbruch der Krankheit wieder abnimmt, müssen Neuraminidasehemmer am besten innerhalb der ersten zwölf Stunden (allerspätestens innerhalb von 48 Stunden) nach Auftreten der ersten Symptome zur Anwendung kommen.

Die rechtzeitige Verabreichung von Oseltamivir oder Zanamivir lindert die grippebedingten Beschwerden (wie zum Beispiel Kopfschmerzen, Husten, Fieber) und verkürzt die Dauer der Grippeerkrankung. Außerdem senkt die Therapie das Risiko für Komplikationen (zum Beispiel Pneumonie). Oseltamivir gibt es als Saft oder Tabletten. Zanamivir kann dagegen nur inhaliert werden. Daher wird häufig bevorzugt Oseltamivir eingesetzt. Ergeben sich Hinweise auf eine bakterielle (Zusatz-)Infektion, muss eine entsprechende antibiotische Therapie eingeleitet werden. Bei Komplikationen ist mitunter auch die Gabe von Sauerstoff notwendig, bei Erschöpfung der Atmung muss maschinell beatmet werden.

Bettruhe kann Komplikationen vorbeugen

Die weitere Therapie bei Influenzaerkrankungen richtet sich allein gegen die Symptome. So können zum Beispiel gegen die Kopf-, Muskel- und Gliederschmerzen sowie das Fieber Schmerzmittel mit gleichzeitig fiebersenkender Wirkung (beispielsweise Paracetamol oder Ibuprofen) verabreicht werden. Allerdings sollten Medikamente mit dem Wirkstoff Acetylsalicylsäure (zum Beispiel Aspirin®) keinesfalls Kindern unter zwölf Jahren gegeben werden, da hierdurch in seltenen Fällen das gefürchtete Reye-Syndrom ausgelöst werden kann. Dabei handelt es sich um eine akute Erkrankung des Gehirns und der Leber, die unbehandelt tödlich verlaufen kann. Um Risiken in der Anwendung von Arzneimitteln zu vermeiden, sollten diese generell nur auf ärztliche Anordnung eingenommen werden.

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Some children only have a reaction when egg touches the skin and not when they eat it, while some children only have problems with raw egg and can manage cooked egg. This is because cooking changes the shape of the protein and can make it less likely to set up a reaction. Stomach acid can also alter the shape of the protein.

As mentioned on the main food allergy page, the best test is what happens when your child eats the egg.

There are some tests that may be useful for IgE mediated reactions and these include:

  • skin prick tests - read more
  • blood tests such CAP RAST, EAST

Unfortunately there are no reliable tests for non-IgE egg allergy. This is why the history of what happened is so important.

Can a baby have an allergic reaction to egg the first time she has it?

Yes, the first time a baby has egg or even the first time there is skin contact with egg, she can get an allergic reaction. The most usual sign of allergy in this case is a rash with redness and itch which is known as urticaria or hives.

Why does my toddler get hives when egg touches her face but doesn't seem to react when she eats it?

Some of the proteins that cause the allergic reaction are altered by stomach acids so that they no longer set up the allergic reaction once the protein reaches the stomach.

Why can my toddler tolerate egg in cookies but not a soft-boiled egg?

The egg protein that sets up the allergic reaction can be altered by heating, so egg that is heated well, like in cookies, has altered protein that is unable to set up the allergic reaction. It is always worth while trying cooked egg (eg. cookies) even if more raw egg (like soft boiled eggs) gives a reaction as long as your child has not had an anaphylactic reaction to egg in the past.

If your child has had an anaphylactic reaction, re-introduction of the food should only be done with medical supervision.

Yes, there is no need to avoid chicken even if your child is allergic to egg.

Usually, egg allergic children can tolerate eggs from species other than chickens, so they can tolerate quails' and ducks' eggs.

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In May 2015, the public health authorities of Brazil confirmed ZIKV infection in the north-eastern part of the country. Healthcare authorities confirmed that a previously unknown disease affecting around 500 patients with flu-like symptoms followed by rash and arthralgia was indeed an ongoing outbreak of Zika fever.

On 16 October 2015, the first cases of ZIKV infections were reported in Colombia, with nine confirmed cases in the Bolivar department. From 16 October to 21 November, Colombian authorities reported 578 confirmed cases and 2 635 suspected cases..

On 12 November 2015, the Suriname authorities reported five cases of ZIKV through IHR.

On 24 November 2015, the health authorities of French Polynesia reported an unusual increase of at least 17 cases of central nervous system malformations in foetuses and infants during 2014-2015.

On 26 November 2015, Mexico authorities acknowledged three ZIKV cases, including two autochthonous cases reported from Nuevo Leon and Chiapas. The imported cases had recently travelled to Colombia.

On 27 November 2015, the Paraguay IHR National Focal Point (NFP) reported the confirmation of six ZIKV cases in the city of Pedro Caballero - close to the border with Brazil.

On 1 December 2015, media, quoting authorities, reported 17 suspected cases of ZIKV infection in Guatemala, 14 of which were among hospital employees. Blood samples have been collected and sent to the US for analysis.

On 3 December 2015, the Ministry of Health of Panama reported three autochthonous cases of Zika virus infection. All three cases are residents of the district of Ailigandi, Guna Yala (north-east).

26th December, The Island of Martinique becomes the latest country in the region to confirm reports of the autochthonous or local transmission of the mosquito borne Zika virus. The Pan American Health Organisation (PAHO), says the French speaking Caribbean nation is the 11th country in the Americas to report the virus this year and the 12th to report local transmission.

The Puerto Rico Department of Health reported today the first locally acquired case of Zika virus infection in Puerto Rico. Zika was confirmed in a resident of Puerto Rico with no known travel history.

Barbados, Haiti and Guyana have all confirmed cases of Zika Virus in their respective countries. On Thursday 14th January 2016 Haiti and Guyana confirmed cases of Zika Virus and on Friday 15th January, Barbados also confirmed 3 cases of Zikv.

The Center for disease control issues advisory to pregnant women and those trying to conceive to postpone travel to countries that are experiencing Zika virus outbreaks in South America and The Caribbean. The countries mentioned are: Brazil, Colombia, El Salvador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Martinique, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay, Suriname, Venezuela, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico.

The World Health Organisation director Margaret Chan has declared that the Zika virus constitute a public health emergency of international concern.

The first case of Zika Virus transmission was reported in Texas, USA this week. It is likely that the virus was contracted through sexual contact, said local health officials.

Health officials in Colombia have announced the deaths of three people who had been infected with the Zika Virus and subsequently developed Guillain-Barre syndrome. Alejandro Gaviria, the Colombian health minister, stated that there was a "causal connection" between Zika, the Guillain-Barre disorder and the three deaths. Six further deaths are under investigation for a possible link to Zika Virus.

Physicians in Crop Sprayed Towns (PCST), a group of physicians in Brazil, have claimed that the Zika Virus is not responsible for the dramatic rise in cases of Microcephaly. The tenfold increase of newborn babies with Microcephaly in Brazil, has alarmed Health officials around the world. Although the Zika Virus has never been officially linked with Microcephaly, there was strong suggestion from the World Health organisation and the CDC that the virus was the culprit.

The U.S Centers for Disease Control have advised pregnant women or women trying to conceive to avoid areas with Zika Virus outbreaks. They have also advised pregnant women to reconsider going to the 2016 Olympic Games in Brazil if they had planned to do so. Both women and their partners should be very cautious concerning the Zika Virus after it was discovered that the virus may be also be passed through sexual contact as well as the traditional route via the aedes aegypti mosquito.

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Influenza (also known as the flu) is a contagious respiratory illness caused by flu viruses. It can cause mild to severe illness, and at times can lead to death. The flu is different from a cold. The flu usually comes on suddenly. People who have the flu often feel some or all of these symptoms:

  • Fever* or feeling feverish/chills
  • Cough
  • Sore throat
  • Runny or stuffy nose
  • Muscle or body aches
  • Headaches
  • Fatigue (tiredness)
  • Some people may have vomiting and diarrhea, though this is more common in children than adults.

Most people who get influenza will recover in several days to less than two weeks, but some people will develop complications as a result of the flu. A wide range of complications can be caused by influenza virus infection of the upper respiratory tract (nasal passages, throat) and lower respiratory tract (lungs). While anyone can get sick with flu and become severely ill, some people are more likely to experience severe flu illness. Young children, adults aged 65 years and older, pregnant women, and people with certain chronic medical conditions are among those groups of people who are at high risk of serious flu complications, possibly requiring hospitalization and sometimes resulting in death. For example, people with chronic lung disease are at higher risk of developing severe pneumonia.

To receive weekly email updates about Seasonal Flu, enter your email address:

Influenza, or the the flu, is a contagious respiratory illness caused by an airborne virus. Influenza viruses are divided into three types: A, B and C. Type A and B viruses are the most serious and are responsible for the flu epidemics experienced nearly every winter. Type C viruses typically cause a very minor respiratory illness and may result in no symptoms at all. The annual flu vaccine targets types A and B. While type A and B viruses differ in origin, the symptoms are the same.

Unlike a cold, the flu usually comes on suddenly. Symptoms can be moderate to severe and typically include fever, chills, nonproductive cough, sore throat, runny or stuffy nose, muscle and body aches, headache and fatigue. Some who get the flu may also experience vomiting and diarrhea, although this is more common in children than adults. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, fever is common but does not always accompany the flu. Any fever and body aches usually last 3 to 5 days, but the cough and fatigue may last up to 2 weeks or longer. Complications can be serious and include pneumonia, bronchitis and sinus and ear infections. Young children, the elderly, pregnant women and those with compromised immune systems are at greater risk for complications.

The flu is passed from person to person through the air. When an infected person coughs or sneezes, airborne droplets can land in the mouth or nose -- or even be inhaled into the lungs -- of others nearby. A person might also become infected by touching a surface that has the virus on it, such as a door knob, and then touching his mouth or nose. Adults are thought to be contagious 1 day before showing symptoms and 5 to 7 days after becoming sick. Children may be contagious for longer than 7 days. Symptoms usually appear within 1 to 4 days of the virus entering the body. Some people may have the flu virus and remain asymptomatic but still pass the virus to others.

Contact your doctor if you have flu symptoms. Treatment is aimed at reducing the severity of symptoms and may include medications to relieve aches and fever, bed rest and plenty of fluids. Your doctor may also prescribe antiviral medications. When started within the first 2 days, they can reduce the duration of symptoms.

The CDC recommends that everyone 6 months old and older get the annual flu vaccine. The vaccine is especially important for high-risk groups, including young children, pregnant women and the elderly. While the vaccine doesn’t protect against all flu viruses, it does protect against those that research indicates will be most prevalent, including type A viruses. In addition to getting the vaccine, avoid close contact with sick people. If you are sick with the flu, stay home and minimize contact with others until you are fever free for at least 24 hours. Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when you cough or sneeze, and dispose of tissues properly. Wash your hands often with soap and water. Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth.

Learn about the symptoms of flu, what to look for and what to do if you become ill.

Some people get mildly ill, while others get very sick.

Flu symptoms usually include the sudden appearance of:

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One reason you may get a headache as part of your head cold is the release of molecules called cytokines. These molecules are released as part of the body's immune defense against viruses and are known to cause headaches. Additionally, swelling and thick secretions accumulating in the sinus cavities may lead to headache symptoms and sinus pain.

How do you know when you have a common head cold as opposed to a flu virus? Common cold symptoms are less serious than flu symptoms and they usually come on more slowly. You can expect a common cold to last as long as 10 days. Symptoms usually start two to three days after exposure to a cold virus — the incubation period.

There is no cure for the common cold because viruses, unlike bacteria, do not respond to antibiotics. And unlike the flu, common colds can't be prevented because they are caused by more than 200 different viruses. So if you have a headache and other symptoms due to a common cold, all you can do is take care of yourself and wait it out.

Head colds and chest colds are the two main types of colds, but they are caused by the same type of virus. If a cold goes down into your chest, you will probably notice a cough along with your stuffy head, headache, nasal congestion, and other symptoms. Having frequent colds does not mean you are getting different types of colds, but that you are getting exposed to different cold viruses. Summer colds are less frequent than winter colds, but they are not different types of colds.

Cold Remedies for Headache and Other Symptoms

There is no remedy that can make your cold go away any faster, but there are things you can do to relieve some of the symptoms, especially when you need a clear head at work:

  • Add moisture. Moistening your upper airway can help loosen secretions and can relieve pressure and congestion. You can do this with saline nasal drops, a humidifier, or by taking a hot, steamy shower. Drinking plenty of fluids helps keep your mucous thin and moving.
  • Over-the-counter pain relievers. Acetaminophen (Tylenol) will help alleviate headache, sore throat, and fever. Make sure not to use aspirin as a pain reliever for kids, as it could lead to a dangerous condition known as Reye's syndrome.
  • Decongestant nasal sprays. These sprays will open up your nasal passages but must be used with caution, because they can cause a rebound effect that makes your nose even stuffier than before. Don't use these sprays for children unless you check with your doctor first.
  • Cough and cold preparations. These over-the-counter medicines may combine decongestants, cough suppressants, mucous thinners, and pain relievers. They are mostly safe for adults, but carefully read the side effects. Those that contain antihistamines can make you drowsy and should not be used at work if you need to be alert. These medications are not recommended for children.

If over-the-counter medications don’t help and your headaches persist, it’s time to consider other possible causes. One possibility is a sinus infection. With a sinus infection, pain is usually localized over one or more of the sinus areas in the forehead, around the eyes, and over the upper teeth. Sinus pain may get worse with movement. "A cold typically lasts for less than five days and is due to a virus," says Jordan S. Josephson, MD, a sinus specialist at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York City. "Secretions from a cold usually clear over time and do not need to be treated with an antibiotic. However, if your cold lasts more than seven days or you have increasing fever or pain, consider seeing your doctor to make sure you have not developed a sinus infection. If the mucous turns yellow or green, then an antibiotic may be needed."

Any time a headache is the only symptom, it is not likely to be due to a cold, flu, or sinus infection. You may be experiencing a particular type of headache:

  • Tension headache or muscle contraction headache. This is the most common type of headache. Up to 75 percent of people get tension headaches. It may occur frequently, even daily. The pain is usually on both sides of the head and is often described by patients as a throbbing headache.
  • Migraine headache. Six percent of men and 18 percent of women experience migraine headaches. The pain is most often one-sided and pulsating, but can also exist all over the head. Migraine headaches usually come on gradually, reach a peak, and then slowly decrease. The pain may be more severe than tension headache pain and accompanied by visual disturbances and nausea at the onset. Migraine headaches may last from 4 to 72 hours and are often made worse by bright light and movement.
  • Cluster headache. Less common than a migraine or tension headache, cluster headaches occur in about 1 percent of the population, mostly in men. The pain is severe, one-sided (often around the eye), and can be accompanied by nasal congestion and tearing of the eye. The headache occurs in clusters, from every other day up to eight times a day for several weeks.

When Headache Is a Symptom of a Related Condition

In most cases headaches, sinus discomfort, and other symptoms caused by the common cold do not require a call to your doctor. While a headache is a common cold symptom, it can also signal a larger medical problem. If your headache lasts much longer than five days, is severe, or accompanied by vomiting or visual disturbances, make an appointment with your doctor right away. Know that any time a headache is the only symptom, it is not likely to be due to a cold, flu, or sinus infection.

Here are some symptoms of related conditions that should prompt a call, especially if you’re not sure if it’s a cold or allergies or something else entirely:

  • Severe cold symptoms during pregnancy
  • Congestion that lasts more than two weeks
  • Severe headaches
  • High fever that lasts more than three days
  • Trouble breathing
  • Ear pain or ear discharge
  • Persistent nausea or vomiting
  • Influenza or cold symptoms that improve and then come back

Mild headaches and other head cold symptoms that go along with a common cold are usually nothing to be concerned about. The average adult gets two to four colds every year. Call your doctor if you have symptoms that suggest other causes of headaches or other related conditions that may require attention.

Bird Flu is another name for Avian Influenza (AI). There are many different strains of the bird flu virus. The strains are classified as "low pathogenicity" or "highly pathogenic". These classifications refer to the potential for the viruses to kill poultry, not infect people.

The highly pathogenic strains (HPAI) are usually not found in the United States (US). However, in 2014 the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) confirmed HPAI in Washington state and Oregon. It is widely believed that the highly pathogenic avian influenza virus (HPAIV) subtype H5N8 arrived from Asia/Siberia into North America with migratory birds although other avenues of introduction, such as movement of infected poultry products or people traveling between Asia and North America, cannot be ruled out. Once in North America this virus mixed with low pathogenic North American influenza viruses to create novel Eurasian/North American HPAIV subtypes, H5N2 and H5N1. All three virus subtypes were first detected in British Columbia (H5N2) and in northern Washington State (H5N8, H5N2, and H5N1) in November and December, 2014.

After intensive surveillance of hunter-harvested waterfowl in the Pacific Flyway by state and federal agencies during December, 2014, and in January, and February 2015, it was found that the H5N8 and H5N2 subtypes had become widely established in North American waterfowl within that flyway. It is likely that these waterfowl are playing some role in moving these viruses within the flyway.

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Free screenings, flu shots offered in January 4

Flu rising, but not rampant yet 2

Serbia Announces Early School Break Citing H1N1 5

Halton Region reminds residents to get the flu shot 1

Flu vaccine available at several Halton Hills locations 3

Halton Region reminding residents to get the flu shot 1

Doctors: Flu season can be fatal 1

6 things you need to know about getting the flu shot in Ontario 4

Kids get swine flu from pigs at state fairs, CDC reports 1

Flu shot available at doctors' offices, pharmacies and community clinics across Halton 1

The flu vaccine is probably useless 2

Local flu shot clinics set for Oct. 20, Nov. 4 6

Should you wait to get your flu shot? Some say yes 1

More than 800 gastro cases hit ACT emergency departments in past three months 5

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© 2012 iScience Times All rights reserved. Do not reproduce without permission.

The 9 Very Best Essential Oils For Treating Colds And Flu

Image source: essentialhealth.com

You know the feeling. It may start with a scratchy throat or with a few more aches and pains than normal. Or it could begin with a runny nose and a feeling of exhaustion. Yes, it’s a cold coming on — or maybe worse — the flu. Before you reach for the antihistamine, however, why not try an effective natural remedy instead?

Essential oils have been used for centuries to fight the symptoms of the common cold. You can add them to your bathwater, diffuse them in the air you breathe or even apply them directly to your skin. Essential oils help the body fight off infection and serve to strengthen the immune system. In her book The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Essential Oils, Julia Lawless explains that essential oils can boost the body’s defense system against bacteria, fungi and infections.

Here is our list of essential oils and essential oil blends that will help you stay healthy this cold and flu season. If you are unfamiliar with essential oils, please seek the advice of a qualified aromatherapist before using them. Be sure to use in moderation and to dilute or blend the essential oils correctly. Also, realize that some oils are contraindicated in certain conditions.

1. Tea Tree Essential Oil

Extracted from the tea tree (Melaleuca), which is native to Southeast Queensland and New South Wales, Australia, tea tree oil has antibacterial, antimicrobial, antiseptic and antiviral properties.

Used in an inhaler or in a bath, tea tree oil helps you fight the congestion and the resulting discomfort caused by the cold or the flu.

2. Pine Essential Oil

Pine essential oil, derived from the pine tree (Pinus Sylvestris), helps to clear the nasal passages. It also can be helpful in relieving sore throat pain.

3. Lavender Essential Oil

Lavender essential oil (Lavandula Angustifolia) has antiseptic and antimicrobial properties, and it is gentle enough for use with children.

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    Diagnosis is made by your vet. Your vet will make this diagnosis based on symptoms and can have the diagnosis confirmed by taking a swab from your cat's throat and sending it to the laboratory for testing.

    Cat flu is seldom fatal in previously healthy cats. Infected cats will require intensive nursing and support. Kittens are more at risk from cat flu than adult cats.

    There is no cure for a viral infection however the cat can be kept as comfortable as possible by keeping it warm and treating the symptoms. Your vet may prescribe eye drops or ointment for the conjunctivitis,

    Corneal ulcers must be examined by your vet who will recommend appropriate treatment.

    Discharging eyes and nose should be bathed frequently with warm salty water.

    Secondary bacterial infection can be treated by your vet with antibiotics.

    Mouth ulcers can be severe and cause your cat to stop eating. Your vet needs to be consulted if your cat has stopped eating and drinking. Sometimes the cat has to be hospitalized and force fed because the mouth ulcers are so painful the cat refuses to eat.

    Dehydrated cats may need to be put on intravenous fluids and this will require spending a day or two in hospital.

    If the cat has lost it's sense of smell it will lose interest in it's food. Encourage your cat to eat by offering it strongly smelling food such as sardines.

    How is Feline Herpes Virus and Feline Calicivirus spread?

    Infected cats should be kept isolated from other cats

    The virus spreads from cat to cat contact and with contact from the discharge from the nose and eyes. It can also spread from the cat sneezing much the same way a cold is spread in humans.

    The virus can live outside the cat's body for a period of time and so infection can be transmitted via bowls, bedding, cages or in fact anything your cat comes into contact with. You can also spread the virus yourself from one cat to another on your hands or on your clothing.

    The Herpes Virus can live outside the cat's body for approximately 24 hours but the Calicivirus can survive much longer sometimes for up to 7 - 10 days

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    c) Children aged 6 months to under 5 years (59 months).

    d) Residents of old-age (nursing) homes and other chronic care or rehabilitation centres.

    e) Children aged 6 months to 18 years on long-term aspirin therapy.

    f) All persons aged 65 years and older.

    The Western Cape Minister of Health, Dr Nomafrench Mbombo encourages the high risk individuals and vulnerable groups to access these vaccines at the local health facility.

    "Part of our vision for Healthcare 2030 is to increase wellness amongst society and this vaccination campaign forms part of our strategy to boost people's immune systems, so that their bodies are less vulnerable to disease. By receiving these vaccines these individuals are healthy and strong and able to go to work every day and live the life they value. 'Flu' vaccinations are only steps on that road, but building blocks towards a healthier society. So make use of this opportunity that our health services offer so that we can be better together," says Minister Mbombo.

    As usual, surveillance programmes run by the National Institute for Communicable Diseases (NICD) have detected sporadic cases. In the first nine weeks of 2016, 39 specimens have been received from Viral Watch sites of which 3 yielded evidence of influenza.

    Vaccination is the most effective strategy to prevent influenza.

    The influenza vaccine could be accessed at public health sector clinics and private healthcare providers (pharmacies and private practitioners etc.).

    Frequently asked questions

    1) How do you get flu?

    3) Who is at risk of developing complications?

    • Pregnant women, and including the 2 week period after delivery.
    • Young children ( 65 years of age).
    • People with existing chronic diseases (heart, lung, kidney, endocrine) for example diabetes or asthma, persons who are immunosuppressed.
    • Morbidly obese people (BMI ≥40 or BMI ≥35 with obesity related health conditions).
    • People ≤18 years of age receiving chronic aspirin therapy.

    I was prescribed Lamictal for BiPolar. I started off at 25mg a day for 14 & then 5omg for 14 days. I am on my 4th day ( of the 50mg) & am having horrible "flu" like symptoms. Has anyone else experienced this. Thanks for any info.:)

    I have hoarseness weight gain achiness in my legs and feet and more I askes to be dropped to 50 as I was on 100mg and had more side effects

    Are your feet swollen and hands? do you feel weak? and you mentioned you have gained weight, What other side effects do you have because they may be serious.

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    I would think the fever should be gone by now if you have taken her in 2 times. If it's been more than 3 or 4 days, definitely. Especially since you're pregnant and can't afford to get something serious. I hope she gets better soon!

    My pediatrician told me that 105 temp is when you need to get them to the ER. That answer scared the heck out of me. I keep an ample supply of popcicles on hand in the event of a fever. The doctor told me to give them as many popcicles as they will take just stay away from the red ones. If they eat red and then throw up they cant distinguish between blood and popcicle. The popcicles seem to work better for my son that the Tylenol and Advil and I dont feel like I was over medicating.

    I don't think I know enough details to give an accurate opinion, but I have a couple of thoughts and questions.

    1. how long has she had the fever, if it's just a few days, I would make sure she has plenty of water and sleep and not worry too much about it. Dehydration is very serious, so water is crucial.
    2. if it has been 5 days or more, what other symptoms does she have? diarrhea? vomiting? lethargic? lack of appetite? cough? achy?
    3. Those temparatures are pretty high, but I believe the danger zone is 105.

    See if you can find the homeopathic remedy Oscillococcinum. It is usually at natural food stores, but it can also be found at Fred Meyer and maybe other places now, too (like Rite Aid). It is safe for ages 2+, and if it is the flu that she has, I think this will help her. At the very least, it can't hurt her. My favorite book on this subject is "Flu: Alternative Treatments and Prevention" by Randall Neustaedter (find it on Amazon). It would be good for you to keep the Oscillococcinum on hand for yourself as well since you are pregnant and might not be able to take other remedies. Hope this helps and that your little one gets better fast!

    Tylenol temporarily supresses the immune system. As long as the fever never goes over 105, your child will be fine. The point of the fever is to make the body uninhabitable for the organisms making her sick, so as long as it isn't too high, you don't want to bring it down. Instead you want to give her lots of fluids and help her stay comfortable.

    I recommend running down to your local health food store and picking up Dr Christopher's tincture called Kid-e-Well Cold and Flu Formula. I also recommend visiting www.askdrsears.com for more information on when it is necessary to take your child to the emergency room for a fever.

    may God bless your child and keep you strong!

    I don't blame you for being concerned. It is always unnerving when your child has a high fever. I had similar concerns about what if a child's fever peaks during the night & I'm not aware of it. I talked to my pediatrician about it and he reassured me that if a child's fever is too high, they will never sleep through it. They will feel so awful they will always wake up. That knowledge gives me some peace of mind when I go to sleep at night while my kids are sick. Hopefully it will do the same for you.

    I would just keep in touch with my doctor if the fever persists & follow his/her advice.

    Our son was 2 when he got the flu and ran a fever 103-104 for 8 days ( worst at night ). It was miserable then and we didn't sleep much but he is 8 and healthy. Fevers do not cause brain damage until 107 or so and they are how the body fights the illness. Make sure he keeps drinking and to lots of snuggling when he feels rotten and he should come through OK.

    You are not crazy to be concerned. It is very scarey when a little one gets that high a fever. Remember to keep her fluid intake up so she does not get dehydrated. Soups, Water, juices etc.. At fevers that high there is always the possibility of a fever induced seizure. I have never had it happen to my children who are teenagers now but recently one of my daycare children spiked a fever (during a simple bout of cold) for no reason over a week-end and had a seizure. Scared both parents. If your child's fever does not break soon I would take her to the MD. It never hurts to have them do a check of the child to be sure it is just a virus and not an infection. you can never be too careful with little ones. Also you don't need to live with this stress while being 4 - 5 month pregnant.

    Sounds like you did all the right stuff to bring her fever down and I am hoping it is down now. Things you can do to keep her from getting sick in the future are to boost her immune system. Echinacea, goldenseal, garlic, vitamins A and C and zinc are all great ways to boost our immune system. You can take all or some, they all help in different ways. Keep her away from sugar and white flour, both of which lower your immune system and make you vulnerable to illnesses.
    (and tend to make kids whiney.)
    I wrote a book called Shopper's Guide to Healthy Living that will help get you started keeping your family healthy. It takes only four hours to read and has many great explanations, references and tear-out shopping lists. Good luck!
    K. Loidolt

    My son was plagued with high fevers(105) all the time. I was told by a Dr. to not do the luke warm baths, but to take a cold wet washcloth and put it in the groin area and armpits. It worked like a charm for us. 106 you need to bring to ER. Seizures were a concern for me also, but he never had one(thank God). We kept on the alternating motrin and tylenol and sometimes all it did was keep it at that temp and not lower it. Remember, fevers as scary as they are, are they way their little bodies fight. Fevers are good. If it doesn't go away after a few days then call the Dr. again to make sure she is still in the same diagnosis. Also, wake her in the night to give meds, to keep fever down.

    I am a Mother of two boys, 5 and 2. Stay at home during the week and work weekends.

    My 2yr old just had the flu. We took him to the ER room because he was holding his breath off and on due to his body hurting all over. The ER said taking him there was the right thing to do. He to was running fevers that would get very high. They did a flu test on him and he came up positive. They gave him medication for the flu and he started getting better (not right away). He also ended up with two ear infections during this time too. The flu is lasting up to a month to get rid of all symptoms.
    We were very frightened because a 4 yr old boy just died from the flu. We were afraid that we were being over protective. If you feel that something isn't right, take him in.
    Hope this helps.

    My 2 (now 3) year old was very very sick last winter also. The Dr. told me that they aren't really concerned in little ones until the fever gets to 105-106! Scary I know, but it is true. Her fever got so high that it made blood vessels rupture in her nose. It is so very scary I know - but they are so resilient. Fevers are a good thing. It means her body is fighting and that's a good sign. Just hang in there - it will pass.

    Sounds like everything is normal. Take her to the emergency room at 104.5. Give her pedialite and water. Fever is the natural way the human body fights disease. It does 2 things, increase your fighter T-cells and your white blood immunity cells. The other thing is when we have a fever disease is unable to live in that environment so a fever actually kills disease.