In general, coughs and colds are not dangerous conditions. They might be annoying and make you feel awful, but neither presents a real risk to your health or the health of your baby.

However, if you are ill for more than a few days, develop a high fever, have a severe sore throat, or are worried that your symptoms seem unusual, you may have the flu, strep throat or a sinus infectio, and should see your doctor right away. The flu is much worse than the common cold and can make pregnant women much sicker than those who are not pregnant. Protect yourself against the flu by getting your flu vaccination eartly on. It is recommended for all pregnant women.

Sinus infections are relatively common in pregnancy because of the increased nasal congestion, and fighting one may require the use of antibiotics. If you have asthma, you should pay special attention to your breathing and see your practitioner without delay if you are having difficulty.

If you develop a severe cough, rest assured that the fetus is protected inside your uterus, and you cannot cough so hard that you miscarry or go into labor. However, the loss of urine is, unfortunately, pretty common. The best thing you can do about stress urinary continence is to empty your bladder frequently and practice your kegel exercises.

Coughs and colds are usually caused by viruses, which do not benefit from antibiotics, and so must run their course. Medical treatment can relieve symptoms so that you feel better, but it won't make you get better any faster. With the exception for treating fever, it often is fine to simply tough it out if you don't want to take any medications. Here are tips to help you alleviate some of the discomfort that can accompany a cold.

  • Drink plenty of fluids, as this will help to thin secretions. Water, chicken soup (Jewish penicillin), juices, and warm tea are good sources.

  • Use a humidifier. Place it close to your face when you sleep. During the day, you can make a tent out of a sheet draped over your head. Stay under the tent for 15 minutes, three or four times a day.

  • Rub a mentholated product (like Vicks Vaporub) on your chest according to package instructions.

  • For nasal stuffiness, use saline drops. You can buy these at drugstores or prepare a solution at home. Just dissolve 1/4 teaspoon salt in 8-ounces of water. Place a few drops in each nostril, wait 5 to 10 minutes, and then gently blow your nose.

  • To make breathing easier, sleep in a recliner or prop up your head with lots of pillows so that you are in a semi-upright position.

  • Take a warm shower. This can help clear nasal stuffiness and mucus.

  • Get plenty of rest.

    While it is generally best to avoid exposing a fetus to medications, especially in the first trimester when its organs are forming, sometimes drugs are necessary either for medical reasons or for symptom relief. (For more information, see Medications in Pregnancy: General Principles, which explains the FDA's safety classes for medicines.)

    • Decongestants: This group of medications is used to treat colds or allergies. Pseudoephedrine (Sudafed), an FDA category C drug (to be used only if the benefits outweigh the risks), can be bought over the counter and is present in antihistamines as well as in cold remedies. These medications are not recommended for anyone who has high blood pressure, pregnant or not. If possible, avoid taking pseudoephedrine in the first trimester.

  • Cough suppressants and expectorants: Dextromethorphan, a common ingredient found in cough and cold medications (such as Robitussin), is probably safe for use in pregnancy. While the FDA has labeled it category C, some large studies suggest that it does not cause any increase in birth defects or complications of pregnancy. Guaifenesin is an expectorant in many cough and cold medicines. It, too, is listed under category C but is probably safe as well.

    Pain is bad because it hurts. Fever is bad because it overheats the fetus. Fever is unhealthy for the fetus throughout pregnancy, but high fever in the first trimester is especially worrisome since it is thought to be responsible for certain birth defects, including problems in brain and spine development. It's generally best to follow this rule: If you get a fever in pregnancy, take medications to bring it down, and if you cannot reduce your temperature, call your doctor.

    • Fever: Fever also increases sweating and fluid loss, so be sure to drink lots of cool fluids when you have a high temperature. Most pregnant women can take acetaminophen (Tylenol) throughout the pregnancy without a problem. If you are a heavy drinker (three or more drinks a day), you need to discuss this with your practitioner, not only because alcohol and acetaminophen can be a lethal combination, but also because drinking while pregnant has health implications for your baby. Ibuprofen is probably safe to take in the first and second trimesters, but it may cause problems for the baby's circulation after 32 weeks' gestation so always check with your doctor before taking it. Aspirin is usually not recommended in pregnancy. A persistent fever or severe illness in pregnancy always warrants a call to your doctor.

  • Zinc Lozenges: Zinc lozenges (and more recently, nasal sprays) have been used to speed recovery from the common cold. Lower doses of Zinc are safe, and there is currently no reliable information about the safety of using zinc lozenges while pregnant.

  • clomid comprimé oral 50 mg

    Action on Human System: Irritant

    • Internal Exposure:
    • External Exposure: Slight irritant of eyes, nose, and skin
    • Chronic Exposure:

    Chemical Family: Bensoic and Benzilic Derivatives - chloramben(C), Amiben(T)

    Type of Pesticide: Insecticides, herbicides

    Action on Human System: Irritant

    • Internal Exposure:
    • External Exposure: Irritating to skin and respiratory tract
    • Chronic Exposure:

    Chemical Family: Benzonitriles - bromoxynil(C), Buctril(T)

    Type of Pesticide: Fungicides, Herbicides

    Action on Human System: Irritant

    • Internal Exposure: Moderately irritating to lungs
    • External Exposure: Moderately irritating to skin
    • Chronic Exposure:

    Chemical Family: Dithiocarbamates - mancozeb(C), Dithane M-45(T)

    Type of Pesticide: Herbicides, fungicides

    Action on Human System: Do not inhibit cholinesterase; mild irritants.

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    The study, in the journal Science Translational Medicine, showed that the older people are, the fewer antibodies they have and they have fewer different types.

    That may help explain why people have a weaker immune response to vaccines as they get older, and why they get sicker once they are infected.

    Flu kills anywhere between 4,000 and 49,000 people a year, CDC says. Every year is different. But this year is shaping up to be at the high end of that scale.

    “I do think in years where you have a virus that impacts the older adults particularly hard, the number of total deaths tends to be higher. I would expect that this year we’d be on the high range of deaths,” said Duchin.

    “It’s hard to tell because the flu season is not over, but we are having a moderately severe season that is an H3N2 predominant season,” Finelli said.

    H3N2 is one of the different strains of flu virus circulating, and for some reason when there is lots of H3N2, more people get seriously ill and die. Ninety percent of these deaths are in people over the age of 65.

    That’s not always the case. In 2009-2010, a new strain of H1N1 swine flu emerged and it was the dominant strain that year. People over 65 seemed to have extra protection against that one, perhaps because they’d been infected by an ancestor of the virus in their youths. That year, flu killed more young adults and children.

    CDC doesn’t have precise numbers of deaths among adults. “The flu is so common that we don’t have deaths in adults as a reportable condition because states would be overwhelmed by counting them,” Finelli says. The CDC will calculate deaths later, after the season’s over, by comparing mortality rates overall to years past and using death certificate data.

    So what can people do? “It’s not too late to get vaccinated,” Finelli advises. “There is still vaccine out there.”

    Several strains of flu are circulating, and sometimes a B strain comes along after an A strain like H1N1 or H3N2 and sickens people in a new wave of illness. This year’s vaccine protects against an H1N1 strain, and H3N2 strain and one B strain of influenza.

    “Now we are down the the final number of doses that have been distributed,” Finelli added. Manufacturers made about 140 million doses this year.

    “We are also telling people to stay home when they are sick, so they are not spreading flu everywhere,” Finelli added. “We are also telling people that if they are elderly, to avoid other people who are sick. If your grandkids are sick, don’t volunteer to mind them.”

    People over 65 should also avoid places where sick people may be. “They should also ask that all their caretakers be vaccinated for the flu,” Finelli added.

    Studies have shown that if children are vaccinated against disease, it protects the rest of the population. This may be true for flu, too, says Duchin. “By vaccinating children we decrease the amount of pneumoccal pneumonia in older adults, which is a tremendous thing,” Duchin said.

    “You can protect older adults in the population by vaccinating the children.”

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    Clinical and serologic evidence indicate that 2 American scientists contracted Zika virus infections while working in Senegal in 2008. One of the scientists transmitted this arbovirus to his wife after his return home. Direct contact is implicated as the transmission route, most likely as a sexually transmitted infection since none of their four children contracted the virus.

    The largest outbreak of the Zika Virus began in October 2013 in French Polynesia, South Pacific with an estimated 28,000 infections. Outbreaks also occurred in Easter Island, the Cook Islands and New Caledonia.

    In May 2015, the public health authorities of Brazil confirmed ZIKV infection in the north-eastern part of the country. Healthcare authorities confirmed that a previously unknown disease affecting around 500 patients with flu-like symptoms followed by rash and arthralgia was indeed an ongoing outbreak of Zika fever.

    On 16 October 2015, the first cases of ZIKV infections were reported in Colombia, with nine confirmed cases in the Bolivar department. From 16 October to 21 November, Colombian authorities reported 578 confirmed cases and 2 635 suspected cases..

    On 12 November 2015, the Suriname authorities reported five cases of ZIKV through IHR.

    On 24 November 2015, the health authorities of French Polynesia reported an unusual increase of at least 17 cases of central nervous system malformations in foetuses and infants during 2014-2015.

    On 26 November 2015, Mexico authorities acknowledged three ZIKV cases, including two autochthonous cases reported from Nuevo Leon and Chiapas. The imported cases had recently travelled to Colombia.

    On 27 November 2015, the Paraguay IHR National Focal Point (NFP) reported the confirmation of six ZIKV cases in the city of Pedro Caballero - close to the border with Brazil.

    On 1 December 2015, media, quoting authorities, reported 17 suspected cases of ZIKV infection in Guatemala, 14 of which were among hospital employees. Blood samples have been collected and sent to the US for analysis.

    On 3 December 2015, the Ministry of Health of Panama reported three autochthonous cases of Zika virus infection. All three cases are residents of the district of Ailigandi, Guna Yala (north-east).

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    CSF in United Kingdom: control & past outbreaks CSF in Wild Boar in Europe: EU

    Clinical signs usually appear 5-10 days after infection (occasionally longer). An individual pig may show one of four types of clinical effect:

    a) Peracute (sudden death)
    Especially at the beginning of a farm outbreak, young pigs may be found dead without any prior sign of illness;
    b) Acute CSF (most common form)
    Fever (40.5-41.5 °C,105-107°F) is often the first sign, then depression, weakness, anorexia, conjunctivitis. Constipation may be followed by diarrhoea or vomiting. There may be purple discoloration of abdominal skin, or necrosis of the tips of extremities (ears, tail, vulva). Neurological signs may occur: incoordination, tremors, convulsions, circling.
    There is a high mortality (close to 100%) of acutely affected pigs, usually within a week of initial signs.
    Other infections may occur concomitantly with CSF, the classic example being Salmonella choleraesuis

    There may be abortions, stillbirths, mummifications and also congenital tremor of piglets.

    Peracute cases may show no gross lesions. In acute cases there are haemorrhagic lesions at autopsy. The haemorrhages are most marked under the kidney capsule and in lymph nodes, ileocaecal valve, bladder and larynx. There may also be skin reddening.

    haemorrhagic swollen lymph node - medial retropharyngeal
    (courtesy of Dr. Stan Done, Veterinary Laboratories Agency UK)

    Intestinal "button ulcers" may be seen, particularly in the proximal colon. They are 1-2 cm diameter with a necrotic centre.

    button ulcers - internal surface of colon
    (photo courtesy of L.D.Sims)

    Cerebellar hypoplasia occurs in neonatal pigs with congenital trembling.

    The Pig is the only species clinically affected although the virus can replicate transiently in sheep and cattle. Wild boars can be a reservoir.

    Pigs can become infected by ingestion, inhalation, genital (natural or A.I. semen) infection, by contamination of abrasions or by transplacental infection of fetuses.

    Most spread of CSF is by movement of infected pigs or feeding of inadequately cooked garbage (swill). Spread by artificial insemination was first recognised during the Netherlands epidemic of 1997.

    Persistent carriers of CSF virus can result from the phenomenon of immunotolerance to CSF virus. Immunotolerance can arise from transplacental infection during fetal life and results in a lifelong high level of viraemia (virus in the blood) without any antibody response. These pigs can only be detected by virus isolation, or by immunohistochemistry after death. Further information can be found in the Chapter on CSF in "Diseases of Swine" (Details of the book and how to order on-line).

    Local spread from infected farms to neighbouring farms within 1 km is well recognised, although the precise means of transmission can rarely be proven. Birds, rodents, pets or other animals may be involved. Slurry spreading is also possibly involved.

    Spread can be associated with vehicles used for moving live pigs or for disposing of carcasses or manure. Other vehicles are theoretically possible but not proven e.g.feed delivery vehicles.

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    Bettruhe kann Komplikationen vorbeugen

    Die weitere Therapie bei Influenzaerkrankungen richtet sich allein gegen die Symptome. So können zum Beispiel gegen die Kopf-, Muskel- und Gliederschmerzen sowie das Fieber Schmerzmittel mit gleichzeitig fiebersenkender Wirkung (beispielsweise Paracetamol oder Ibuprofen) verabreicht werden. Allerdings sollten Medikamente mit dem Wirkstoff Acetylsalicylsäure (zum Beispiel Aspirin®) keinesfalls Kindern unter zwölf Jahren gegeben werden, da hierdurch in seltenen Fällen das gefürchtete Reye-Syndrom ausgelöst werden kann. Dabei handelt es sich um eine akute Erkrankung des Gehirns und der Leber, die unbehandelt tödlich verlaufen kann. Um Risiken in der Anwendung von Arzneimitteln zu vermeiden, sollten diese generell nur auf ärztliche Anordnung eingenommen werden.

    Neben der medikamentösen Therapie ist insbesondere bei Kindern eine ausreichende Flüssigkeitszufuhr wichtig. Um möglichst rasch wieder gesund zu werden, kann es helfen, die Schleimhäute feucht zu halten (zum Beispiel durch Inhalationen mit heißem Wasserdampf) und sich gesund zu ernähren. Außerdem braucht der Körper in dieser Situation viel Ruhe, um sich zu erholen. Dies hilft auch, möglichen Komplikationen vorzubeugen. Auf Alkohol und Rauchen sollte gänzlich verzichtet werden.

    Die verwendete Literatur finden Sie im Quellenverzeichnis.

    zuletzt aktualisiert 25.10.2017
    Freigegeben durch Redaktion Gesundheitsportal
    Letzte Expertenprüfung durch Dr. Christoph Baumgärtel
    Zum Expertenpool

    Pink eye is a common condition, especially in children. It is also called conjunctivitis. The eyes are pink because they are infected or irritated. They may be itchy and teary, with a watery discharge, and swollen, crusty eyelids.

    Doctors often prescribe antibiotic eye drops or ointments for pink eye. But antibiotics don’t usually help, according to the American Academy of Ophthalmology. They can do more harm than good. Here’s why:

    Antibiotics are not usually necessary for pink eye.
    Pink eye can be caused by a virus, an allergy, or bacteria.

    Pink eye is usually caused by a virus. Viral pink eye usually goes away on its own in a week or so. Antibiotics do not kill viruses.

    Pink eye can also be an allergic reaction to some­thing like pollen, dust mites, pets, contact lenses, or cosmetics. This kind of pink eye gets better when you avoid the things that are causing the allergy. Antibiotics don’t help allergies.

    A third type of pink eye is caused by bacteria. This can be helped by an antibiotic. However, mild bac­terial pink eye almost always goes away within ten days without medication.

    Antibiotics can cause problems.
    Antibiotics can cause itching, stinging, burning, swelling and redness. They can cause more discharge. And they can cause allergic reactions in some people.

    Antibiotics can be a waste of money.
    Generic antibiotic drops and ointments can cost $12 to $60. For newer, brand name drugs, you can pay over $130. And if you have an antibiotic-resistant infection, you will need more doctor visits and costly medicines.

    Who should use antibiotics for pink eye?
    You might need antibiotic eye drops and ointments for bacterial pink eye if:

    • Your symptoms are severe.
    • Your immune system is weak. This might happen if you have another illness.
    • Your infection does not get better in a week without treatment.

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    Wie steckt man sich an? Für die saisonale Influenza ist der Mensch das einzige Reservoir
    und damit die einzige Infektionsquelle. Ansteckend sind vor allem Erkrankte

    Verwandte Suchanfragen zu symptome influenza

    Seite 1 von ungefähr ergebnisse für symptome influenza - 0.209 sek.

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    Why am I writing about something as mundane as a natural gas leak in my home? My house didn’t explode into flames; my family didn’t asphyxiate in their sleep, nothing as dramatic as that. No, our leak was slow and undetectable to ourselves and visitors to our home. We lived in our house for nearly 4 years before we discovered what was making us all sick. Very sick.

    My family developed a several medical conditions as a result of our exposure. No one was left untouched by the exposure, even our pets.

    This site has been developed to help others who may be affected by natural gas poisoning and are looking for help just as I was.

    For years I searched for answers to why my children were developing their symptoms, what could be the causing this illness? Once we discovered the natural gas leak in our home, I searched long hours for treatments and cures, but found little information on the subject.

    I suspect there are others who are like me who are looking for help, for answers, or just for validation. It helps so much to know you are not the only one with this problem. The health practitioners may think IT is “all in your head”, but IT may just be leaking out of your home’s gas pipes.

    Read on to learn more about the symptoms, research and results of our experience with Natural Gas.

    Amniotic fluid surrounds the developing fetus in the amniotic sac, and performs some important functions. The amniotic fluid:

  • provides protective cushioning
  • protects the baby and uterus from infection
  • serves as a backup of nutrients and fluids for your baby
  • allows your baby to move about and breath
  • helps in the development of the respiratory, digestive and musculoskeletal systems

    What Causes Oligohydramnios During Pregnancy?

    There are several different causes of low amniotic fluid, which include:

    Signs and Symptoms of Low Amniotic Fluid

    There are several signs that may lead you to suspect low levels of amniotic fluid.

  • leaking fluid
  • small measurements
  • lack of feeling movement from your baby
  • an amniotic fluid index (AFI) of 5cm or less

    One of the main concerns is that your placenta may not be functioning correctly, which could lead to a number of complications. You may have a premature birth, or the amniotic fluid may get so low that your baby will compress the umbilical cord and starve himself of oxygen. Low amniotic fluid may also prevent some of the vital organs and systems we all rely on for fully developing.

    • Abdominal discomfort
      • Ranging from a dull ache, to colicky or severe abdominal pain.
      • Bloating and tenderness often present, especially in bacterial infections.
    • Fever
      • Fever may be absent in some cases of infectious gastroenteritis – bacterial toxins may not cause a fever.
      • Other microorganism may cause a low, moderate or high fever.
      • Varies from >100F/37.7C to 104F/40C – temperatures in excess of 104F/40C requires immediate medical attention.
    • Dehydration
      • Complication of fluid loss – vomiting, diarrhea, perspiration.
      • May be moderate to severe and may lead to death if left untreated.
      • Dizziness, dry mouth, poor skin turgor and fainting.
      • Signs of shock due to severe dehydration – immediate medical attention necessary.

    The focus should be on management – adequate rehydration, bed rest and gradual introduction to solid food. Acute infectious gastroenteritis should settle in 2 to 3 days in a healthy person. Medical treatment should be sought if the symptoms are persisting for more than 5 days or if there is any sign of moderate to severe dehydration.

    • Antibiotics may be necessary for treating infections caused by Vibrio cholerae, Shigella spp and salmenollosis. For other bacterial causes of gastroenteritis, antibiotics should be avoided unless a person is immunocompromised or in a case of persistent diarrhea where a stool culture confirms the bacterial species.
    • Antidiarrheal agents are not advisable in acute infectious gastroenteritis. The use of OTC (over-the-counter) antidiarrheal agents often results in complications especially if used excessively in a case of bacterial gastroenteritis.
    • Probiotics containing Saccharomyces boulardii and Lactobacillus casei GG may assist with persistent diarrhea following a case of acute infectious gastroenteritis. Probiotic use during the infection is of limited value. Live culture yogurt or dairy is unsuitable as this may aggravate the diarrhea (secondary lactose intolerance). Speak to a pharmacist about probiotics in capsule form.

    Refer to the article on Oral Rehydration Therapy and BRAT Diet for the management of acute infectious gastroenteritis.

    By Chris Woolston, M.S.

    What is gastroenteritis?

    Many people blame "the stomach flu" whenever they fall ill with nausea, diarrhea, or vomiting. But stomach flu is actually a misnomer: The viruses that cause the "real" flu (influenza) usually don't affect the stomach. When doctors speak of stomach flu, they're usually referring to a popular name for a condition in which the digestive tract becomes irritated and inflamed. However, they are more likely to use the medical term for this condition: gastroenteritis.

    Whatever you call it, gastroenteritis is a very common problem. Up to 100 million cases occur each year in the United States alone. For most healthy people, the condition is a minor illness on a par with the common cold. However, without treatment it can be deadly to the very young, the very old, or the sick and frail. In developing countries, prolonged bouts of diarrhea brought on by gastroenteritis are a leading cause of death.

    What causes gastroenteritis?

    Most cases are caused by viruses, but not by the same viruses that cause influenza. A leading culprit is rotavirus, a common germ that is easily spread through physical contact, such as shaking hands or sharing eating utensils. Rotavirus is especially likely to show up among young children and in daycare centers.

    About one in five people with "stomach flu" has a bacterial infection, often acquired through food poisoning or drinking untreated water. Common bacterial sources of the disease include Salmonella, E. coli, and Campylobacter.

    Other possible causes of gastroenteritis include parasites (organisms larger than viruses or bacteria), toxins from tainted shellfish, and reactions to medications (including antibiotics and laxatives). It's also linked to chronic diseases such as ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease.

    Because disease-causing bacteria and viruses thrive in areas with poor civic sanitation, gastroenteritis often strikes travelers to developing countries. That's why between 20 and 50 percent of the people who travel abroad come back with a form of gastroenteritis called traveler's diarrhea, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Domestic travelers should also be wary. Tiny parasites that attack the stomach also live in cold climates in the U.S., and they can be picked up if you drink water while swimming in or camping near rivers and lakes.

    What are the symptoms of gastroenteritis?

    The main symptom is diarrhea. (The term "stomach flu" owes much of its popularity to the fact that people don't like to say they have diarrhea.) If caused by an infection, the diarrhea usually begins within a day or two of picking up the germ and lasts up to 10 days. Nausea, vomiting, headache, or abdominal pain often accompanies diarrhea, which doctors define as having more than two loose bowel movements in a day.

    When should I see the doctor?

    Most cases of gastroenteritis aren't serious enough to warrant a trip to the doctor. However, you should call your doctor if you notice any of the following signs of trouble:

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    Information and Policies

    Contact WebMD LLC

    • By regular mail:

    The flu is a respiratory infection that spreads easily. It is caused by the influenza virus.

    This virus circulates each year in Québec and elsewhere in the world. In Québec, it mostly spreads during the end of the fall to the beginning of the spring.

    The duration of the flu season may vary. As such, it may start earlier or later and last shorter or longer depending on the year.

    Flu symptoms, which appear suddenly, and their severity, can vary depending on age and health condition. The main symptoms are the following:

    • Sudden fever between 39 °C and 40 °C (102 °F and 104 °F)
    • Sudden cough
    • Sore throat
    • Muscle or joint pain
    • Extreme fatigue
    • Headache

    Symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and abdominal pain may also be experienced. These symptoms are most common in children.

    Seniors may feel weak and sometimes disoriented without showing other symptoms.

    The flu is often confused with other respiratory infections such as the cold. To learn more, read Differences between Flu and Cold.

    Generally, the flu can be treated at home. In certain cases however, you must see a doctor.

    You should seek medical help the same day if you have flu-like symptoms and also one of the following:

    • Increasing or persistent pain when breathing
    • A rising fever, or one that has lasted for over 5 days

    If symptoms worsen or do not improve after 7 days, you should also consult a doctor the same day.

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    Medikamente gegen Grippe

    Zur gezielten Behandlung der Grippe stehen antivirale – also gegen Viren wirkende – Stoffe zur Verfügung: Oseltamivir und Zanamivir hemmen die Neuraminidase, eines der Oberflächenmoleküle des Virus. Die Neuraminidase spielt unter anderem eine wichtige Rolle bei der Freisetzung der Viren von einer infizierten Zelle.

    Your Photo Today/A1Pix

    Jährlich fällig: Die Grippeimpfung

    Es existieren wirksame Impfstoffe gegen die Grippe. Der Inhalt wird regelmäßig angepasst, damit er möglichst gut gegen die häufigsten aktuellen Virustypen der Saison schützt. Deshalb und weil die Wirksamkeit der Impfung nicht lange anhält, ist jährlich eine neue Impfung notwendig.

    Wegen des sich ständig verändernden Virus kann jedoch keine Impfung hundertprozentig schützen. Um Infektionen vorzubeugen ist es daher außerdem empfehlenswert, auf eine gute Händehygiene zu achten. Bei Erkältungs- und Grippeepidemien kann es sinnvoll sein, auf die Begrüßung per Handschlag zu verzichten, um einer möglichen Ansteckung vorzubeugen.

    Die Hände richtig waschen – unser Video zeigt, wie das geht:

    If you are in immediate need of help, please contact your local Red Cross or find an open shelter

    Seasonal Flu — A contagious respiratory illness caused by influenza (flu) viruses occurring every year. It affects an average of 5 percent to 20 percent of the U.S. population by causing mild to severe illness, and in some instances can lead to death.

    Epidemic — The rapid spread of a disease that affects some or many people in a community or region at the same time.

    Pandemic — An outbreak of a disease that affects large numbers of people throughout the world and spreads rapidly.

    H1N1 Influenza (swine flu) — H1N1 influenza is a respiratory disease of pigs caused by type A influenza viruses that cause regular outbreaks in pigs. People do not normally get H1N1 influenza, but human infections can and do happen. H1N1 influenza viruses have been reported to spread from person-to-person.

    Avian Influenza — Commonly known as bird flu, this strain of influenza virus is naturally occurring in birds. Wild birds can carry the virus and may not get sick from it; however, domestic birds may become infected by the virus and often die from it.

    Are you considered high risk for flu-related complications?

    You are at an increased risk if you are:

  • Age 50 or older
  • Pregnant
  • Living with a chronic medical condition
  • A child, age 6 months and older
  • Living with or caring for anyone at high risk

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    Si vous pensez présenter des symptômes de grippe, notre ligne sans frais et info-santé (8-1-1) sont de bonnes ressources pour vous guider.

    Vous devriez consulter un médecin si vous présentez des symptômes de la grippe en plus d’un ou de plusieurs des symptômes ci-dessous:

    • Perte d’appétit
    • Essoufflement, difficulté et douleur à respirer
    • Lèvres et/ou doigts bleutés
    • Étourdissement
    • Confusion
    • Forte fièvre qui persiste durant plus de 3 jours
    • Vomissements persistants
    • Sang dans les sécrétions

    Un enfant grippé qui ne mange pas, ne boit pas et ne joue pas devrait voir un médecin.

    Aide à la décision

    Aide à la decision si vous avez des symptômes de la grippe

    Dans les cas sans complications, les symptômes de la grippe disparaissent habituellement sans traitement. Il est surtout recommandé de prendre du repos et de se soigner à la maison pour éviter de contaminer d’autres personnes.

    Voici quelques façons de soulager vos symptômes:

    • Se reposer
    • Boire beaucoup d’eau
    • Prendre des médicaments contre la fièvre en vente libre comme l’acétaminophène (Tylenols®), l’ibuprofène (Advil®) et l’acide acétylsalicylique (Aspirin®)

    Pour tous médicaments en vente libre, n’oubliez pas de lire l’étiquette pour vous assurer que le traitement convienne à votre situation (âge, problématique de santé, etc.) ou consulter votre pharmacien, il saura vous guider.

    Dans certains cas, le médecin peut également prescrire un médicament antiviral administré par voie orale. Pour être efficace, il doit être pris dans les 48 heures suivant l’apparition des premiers symptômes grippaux.

    Les médicaments antiviraux tels que l’amantadine, le zanamivir et l’oseltamivir peuvent prévenir et traiter la grippe causée par le virus de type A ou B. Cependant, ils ne sont pas destinés à remplacer le vaccin annuel pour les gens à risques. Les médicaments antiviraux auront pour effet de diminuer les symptômes de la grippe s’ils sont administrés dans les 24 à 48 heures suivant l’apparition des symptômes. Notez qu’ils ne gênent pas l’action du vaccin administré par injection.

    Ces médicaments ne doivent pas être considérés comme substitut à la vaccination qui demeure le meilleur moyen préventif contre la grippe.

    On peut prévenir la grippe en se faisant vacciner tous les automnes. Le vaccin permet à l’organisme de produire les anticorps qui le protégeront pendant les cinq à six mois que dure la saison de la grippe. La vaccination annuelle permet de prévenir la grippe, et de réduire la gravité de la maladie. Le meilleur moment pour recevoir le vaccin antigrippal est au début de la saison grippale soit au mois d’octobre et de novembre.

    Voici quelques façons simples et efficaces de vous protéger contre la grippe:

    • Lavez-vous fréquemment les mains
    • Nettoyez les surfaces les plus utilisées (poignets de porte, surfaces de comptoir, etc.)
    • Limitez les contacts avec les personnes malades
    • Faites-vous vacciner (consultez l’onglet Vaccination pour plus d’information sur le vaccin antigrippal)

    En 2011, le Québec présentait le plus bas taux de vaccination au Canada avec 27% de sa population ayant reçu le vaccin. De plus, 25 % des Québécois affirmaient avoir contracté la grippe, ce qui représente le plus haut taux au pays.

    En comparaison, la Colombie-Britannique a eu un taux de vaccination de 52% et, par conséquent, seulement 10% de la population avait été incommodée par la grippe cette même année.

    Au Québec, chaque année, plus de 300 décès sont attribuables au virus de la grippe. Ce n’est donc pas une problématique à prendre à la légère.