• headache
  • nausea
  • fever
  • vomiting and
  • flu-like symptoms

These symptoms can vary depending on the type of plasmodium that caused the infection.

Plasmodium falciparum normally take 7 to 14 days to show symptoms while Plasmodium vivax and ovale normally take 8 to 14 days (but in some cases can survive for some months in the human horst) and Plasmodium malariae 7 to 30 days.

These figures are as indication only - the onset of symptoms varies tremendously and people should not try and diagnose themselves by using any time-frame figures as these listed above.

Symptoms of malaria infection are not always dramatic, and can easily be dismissed as unimportant.

Symptoms may appear and disappear in phases and may come and go at various time frames. These cyclic symptoms of malaria are caused by the life cycle of the parasites - as they develop, mature, reproduce and are once again released into the blood stream to infect even more blood and liver cells.

When this happens a high swinging fever can develop, with marked shivering and intense perspiration.

Further serious complication involving the kidneys and brain can then develop leading to delirium and coma.

There are cases reported where symptoms of malaria infection developed 12 months after the patient was bitten by a mosquito, as the plasmodia may remain dormant in the liver for a long period.

Malaria causes a flu-like illness and these would include

  • fever
  • rigors
  • headaches
  • sweating
  • tiredness
  • myalgia (limbs and back)
  • abdominal pain
  • diarrhea
  • loss of appetite
  • orthostatic hypotension
  • nausea
  • slight jaundice
  • cough
  • enlarged liver and spleen (sometimes not palpable)
  • vomiting

Fever in the first week of travel in a malaria-risk area is unlikely to be malaria; however, any traveler feeling ill should seek immediate medical care.

Although malaria is unlikely to be the cause, any fever should be promptly evaluated. If you or your child becomes ill with a fever or flu-like illness while traveling in a malaria-risk area and up to 1 year after returning home, seek immediate medical care.

Tell your health care provider where you have been traveling.

The normal treatments for malaria infection are drugs based on quinine, or a combination drug therapy known as ACTs, based on artemisinin (which is expensive).

It is possible, but not very general, to develop a relapsing type of malaria months for even years after being infected by malaria - even if anti-malarial drugs were taken.

While anti-malarial drugs can prevent symptoms of acute malaria from developing, by suppressing the infection in the bloodstream, they however do not prevent relapses of the infection caused by certain strains of the plasmodium parasite which have a persistent liver phase.

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Treatment should be started as soon as possible, ideally within a few hours of being bitten or scratched.

But it's often safe to delay treatment until the next day if the vaccine and/or immunoglobulin need to be specially ordered in by your doctor.

Without treatment, the symptoms of rabies will usually develop after 3 to 12 weeks, although they can start sooner or much later than this.

The first symptoms can include:

  • a high temperature (fever) of 38C (100.4F) or above
  • a headache
  • feeling anxious or generally unwell
  • in some cases, discomfort at the site of the bite.

Other symptoms appear a few days later, such as:

Once symptoms appear, rabies is almost always fatal. In these cases, treatment will focus on making the person as comfortable as possible.

The UK has been rabies-free since the beginning of the 20th century, with the exception of a rabies-like virus in a species of wild bat called Daubenton's bats.

This has only been found in a few bats, and the risk of human infection is thought to be low. People who regularly handle bats are most at risk.

There has only been 1 recorded case of someone catching rabies from a bat in the UK. It's also rare for infected bats to spread rabies to other animals.

But if you find an injured or dead bat, don't touch it. Wear thick gloves if you need to move it.

To report the incident and get advice, call:

  • England – Animal and Plant Health Agency (APHA) Rural Services Helpline on 03000 200 301
  • Wales – APHA Rural Services Helpline on 0300 303 8268
  • Scotland – your local APHA Field Service Office – find contact details for your nearest Field Service Office

Page last reviewed: 23/02/2017
Next review due: 23/02/2020

The following symptoms of diabetes are typical. However, some people with type 2 diabetes have symptoms so mild that they go unnoticed.

Common symptoms of diabetes:

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I have now been using progesterone cream for two months, and I'm already experiencing a difference. I had only one migraine this month instead of many, no cramps, less spotting, and a lighter flow. I highly recommend to have your hormones checked if any of these symptoms apply to you!

26) I have been suffering from anxiety and panic attacks for years and have been treated with meds like prozac and paxil off and on. Anxiety is still a problem, especially around my period and ovulation. I also have been diagnosed with infertility due to endometriosis. I recently had the saliva tests done and my progesterone levels were very low. I now am on 50mg of bioidentical progesterone. This is my first month and my anxiety has gotten worse!

I am just wondering if after a few months on the progesterone will things get better? I am really worried and stressed every day if I am going to wake up with anxiety. I feel like it has taken over my life.

25) I was just tested. My progesterone level was.5! I have had anxiety issues for months. I also have severe insomnia. I felt nonhuman. I am angry all the time.

My poor husband has been fantastic, but I feel miserable. I am on zoloft, xanax and restoril until my hormone replacement arrives this week. I am only 42 years old. I have had this issue for years. I am so tired of being told I am too young for this. Why aren't more doctors and people talking about this?

24) I would suggest as already mentioned, to seek out a doctor who does bioidentical hormone replacement therapy. It is all natural and much better for our bodies. This really makes a difference for all of those mentioned side effects of low progesterone. I am on 50mg for the very first time, so am already feeling a little better, however, will be able to tell after a few more months. Thanks

23) all of these women have some of the same symptoms I had and several more. Severe headaches at times, amenorrhea, overwhelming fatigue, thinning of my skin, horrible panic attacks, low back pain, urinating frequently, malaise, respiratory infections that recurred over and over for no reason.

I researched it extensively, as no doctor was helping at all. I started on progesterone cream, natural progesterone only. Large dosing initially to combat the dominance of the estrogen. I used 200mg daily to start and within days the symptoms subsided. Now on daily lower doses. everyone is different but it was a miracle for me.

22) I just found out my progesterone level is low after TTC for 14 mos. I had to push doc for a test. It is a 5.4, what is a normal level? I too, notice my hair has been thinning and I have complained to the doc several times about heavy, clotty periods.

21) Waited to raise my son, finish my education and finally for my second - now good marriage - and bam! Now I am told I am in menopause!

Started my own research and using progesterone capsules and cream - trying to have this planned baby. No, traditional male docs just aren't following through here. You've got to do your own legwork and pray!

Whether wanting to deal with the menopause or try to reverse the bioclock, I recommend the hormone cream at least. Good luck out there!

20) I get severe headaches, body chills, severe cramping, fatigue and heavy bleeding before my period starts and during as well. My gyno tested and said that my progesterone is low, but the pills are not working. I had a miscarriage because of this hormone issue.

19) I have been on natural progesterone that is made specifically for me at a compounding pharmacy for the last five years. I was diagnosed through saliva testing, which is more specific than blood.

I had the symptoms mentioned by others. Severe bad moods, period slightly erratic, severe headaches caused by both migraines and at other times by tension, exhaustion, no libido, and hair falling out.

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Chest Pain or Chest Discomfort: Few symptoms are more alarming than chest pain. In the minds of many people, chest pain equals heart pain. And while many other conditions can cause chest pain, cardiac disease is so common - and so dangerous - that the symptom of chest pain should never be dismissed out of hand as being insignificant. "Chest pain" is an imprecise term. It is often used to describe any pain, pressure, squeezing, choking, numbness or any other discomfort in the chest, neck, or upper abdomen, and is often associated with pain in the jaw, head, or arms. It can last from less than a second to days or weeks, can occur frequently or rarely, and can occur sporadically or predictably. This description of chest pain is obviously very vague, and as you might expect, many medical conditions aside from heart disease can produce symptoms like this.

Lightheadedness or Dizziness: Episodes of lightheadedness or dizziness can have many causes, including anemia (low blood count) and other blood disorders, dehydration, viral illnesses, prolonged bed rest, diabetes, thyroid disease, gastrointestinal disturbances, liver disease, kidney disease, vascular disease, neurological disorders, dysautonomias, vasovagal episodes, heart failureand cardiac arrhythmias. Because so many different conditions can produce these symptoms, anybody experiencing episodes of lightheadedness or dizziness ought to have a thorough and complete examination by a physician. And since disorders of so many organ systems can cause these symptoms, a good general internist or family doctor may be the best place to start.

Syncope (Fainting/Loss of Consciousness): Syncope is a sudden and temporary loss of consciousness, or fainting. It is a common symptom - most people pass out at least once in their lives - and often does not indicate a serious medical problem. However, sometimes syncope indicates a dangerous or even life-threatening condition, so when syncope occurs it is important to figure out the cause.

Fatigue, Lethargy or Daytime Sleepiness: Fatigue, lethargy or somnolence (daytime sleepiness) are very common symptoms. Fatigue or lethargy can be thought of as an inability to continue functioning at one's normal levels. Somnolence implies, in addition, that one either craves sleep - or worse, finds oneself suddenly asleep, a condition known as narcolepsy - during the daytime. While fatigue and lethargy can be symptoms of heart disease (particularly, of heart failure), these common and non-specific symptoms can also be due to disorders of virtually any other organ system in the body. Similar to lightheadedness and dizziness, individuals with fatigue and lethargy need a good general medical evaluation in order to begin pinning down a specific cause. Somnolence is often caused by nocturnal sleep disorders such as sleep apnea, restless leg syndrome or insomnia. All these sleep disturbances, however, are more common in patients with heart disease.

Treatment of the Common Cold in Children and Adults

JULIA FASHNER, MD; KEVIN ERICSON, MD; and SARAH WERNER, DO, St. Joseph Family Medicine Residency, Mishawaka, Indiana

Am Fam Physician. 2012 Jul 15;86(2):153-159.

Patient information: See related handouts on treating the common cold in adults and in children, written by the authors of this article.

The common cold, or upper respiratory tract infection, is one of the leading reasons for physician visits. Generally caused by viruses, the common cold is treated symptomatically. Antibiotics are not effective in children or adults. In children, there is a potential for harm and no benefits with over-the-counter cough and cold medications; therefore, they should not be used in children younger than four years. Other commonly used medications, such as inhaled corticosteroids, oral prednisolone, and Echinacea, also are ineffective in children. Products that improve symptoms in children include vapor rub, zinc sulfate, Pelargonium sidoides (geranium) extract, and buckwheat honey. Prophylactic probiotics, zinc sulfate, nasal saline irrigation, and the herbal preparation Chizukit reduce the incidence of colds in children. For adults, antihistamines, intranasal corticosteroids, codeine, nasal saline irrigation, Echinacea angustifolia preparations, and steam inhalation are ineffective at relieving cold symptoms. Pseudoephedrine, phenylephrine, inhaled ipratropium, and zinc (acetate or gluconate) modestly reduce the severity and duration of symptoms for adults. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and some herbal preparations, including Echinacea purpurea, improve symptoms in adults. Prophylactic use of garlic may decrease the frequency of colds in adults, but has no effect on duration of symptoms. Hand hygiene reduces the spread of viruses that cause cold illnesses. Prophylactic vitamin C modestly reduces cold symptom duration in adults and children.

The common cold, or upper respiratory tract infection, usually is caused by one of several respiratory viruses, most commonly rhinovirus. These viruses, which concentrate in nasal secretions, are easily transmitted through sneezing, coughing, or nose blowing. Signs and symptoms of the common cold include fever, cough, rhinorrhea, nasal congestion, sore throat, headache, and myalgias.

Antibiotics should not be used for the treatment of cold symptoms in children or adults.

Over-the-counter cough and cold medications should not be used in children younger than four years because of potential harms and lack of benefit.

Treatment with buckwheat honey, Pelargonium sidoides (geranium) extract (Umcka Coldcare), nasal saline irrigation, vapor rub, or zinc sulfate may decrease cold symptoms in children.

Codeine is not effective for cough in adults.

Antihistamine monotherapy (sedating and nonsedating) does not improve cold symptoms in adults.

Decongestants, antihistamine/decongestant combinations, and intranasal ipratropium (Atrovent) may improve cold symptoms in adults.

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Updates related to the deadly new virus can be found at www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/ncv/.

© 2012 iScience Times All rights reserved. Do not reproduce without permission.

  1. Uncomfortable pressure, squeezing, fullness or pain in the center of your chest. It lasts more than a few minutes, or goes away and comes back.
  2. Pain or discomfort in one or both arms, the back, neck, jaw or stomach.
  3. Shortness of breath with or without chest discomfort.
  4. Other signs such as breaking out in a cold sweat, nausea or lightheadedness.
  5. As with men, women’s most common heart attack symptom is chest pain or discomfort. But women are somewhat more likely than men to experience some of the other common symptoms, particularly shortness of breath, nausea/vomiting and back or jaw pain.
  6. If you have any of these signs, call 9-1-1 and get to a hospital right away.

We’ve all seen the movie scenes where a man gasps, clutches his chest and falls to the ground. In reality, a heart attack victim could easily be a woman, and the scene may not be that dramatic.

“Although men and women can experience chest pressure that feels like an elephant sitting across the chest, women can experience a heart attack without chest pressure, ” said Nieca Goldberg, M.D., medical director for the Joan H. Tisch Center for Women's Health at NYU’s Langone Medical Center and an American Heart Association volunteer. “Instead they may experience shortness of breath, pressure or pain in the lower chest or upper abdomen, dizziness, lightheadedness or fainting, upper back pressure or extreme fatigue.”

Even when the signs are subtle, the consequences can be deadly, especially if the person doesn’t get help right away.

Even though heart disease is the No. 1 killer of women in the United States, women often chalk up the symptoms to less life-threatening conditions like acid reflux, the flu or normal aging.

“They do this because they are scared and because they put their families first,” Goldberg said. “There are still many women who are shocked that they could be having a heart attack.”

Many women think the signs of a heart attack are unmistakable — the image of the elephant comes to mind — but in fact they can be subtler and sometimes confusing.

You could feel so short of breath, “as though you ran a marathon, but you haven't made a move,” Goldberg said.

Some women experiencing a heart attack describe upper back pressure that feels like squeezing or a rope being tied around them, Goldberg said. Dizziness, lightheadedness or actually fainting are other symptoms to look for.

“Many women I see take an aspirin if they think they are having a heart attack and never call 9-1-1,” Goldberg said. “But if they think about taking an aspirin for their heart attack, they should also call 9-1-1.”

Heart disease is preventable. Here are Goldberg’s top tips:

  • Schedule an appointment with your healthcare provider to learn your personal risk for heart disease.
  • Quit smoking. Did you know that just one year after you quit, you’ll cut your risk of coronary heart disease by 50 percent?
  • Start an exercise program. Just walking 30 minutes a day can lower your risk for heart attack and stroke.
  • Modify your family’s diet if needed. Check out these healthy cooking tips. You’ll learn smart substitutions, healthy snacking ideas and better prep methods. For example, with poultry, use the leaner light meat (breasts) instead of the fattier dark meat (legs and thighs), and be sure to remove the skin.

  • Join our free online community to connect with others just like you.
  • Angina in Women
  • Go Red for Women
  • Menopause and Heart Disease

This content was last reviewed July 2015.

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>> Swollen eyes often accompanied by a discharge. Sometimes this can lead to the development of corneal ulcers.

>> Sneezing and inflammation of the lining is of the nose (rhinitis). Discharge from the nose is initially clear but becomes green and thick as cat flu develops. Your cat's sense of smell may deteriorate significantly, thereby leading to a lack of interest in food.

>> Your cat will clearly appear unwell and may develop a fever. A loss of appetite is very likely and dehydration becomes a real risk.

Feline Calicivirus (FVC):

>> Mouth ulcers are a very common symptom of feline calicivirus and this ultimately triggers off drooling and loss of appetite.

>> Ulcers can affect various parts of your cat including the tongue, palate, mouth, tip of the nose and the lips. One particular strain of FVC is even known to lead to ulcers in a cat's paws.

>> Your cat's nose and eyes are likely to be runny and gingivitis may affect the gums. A fever may also develop and your cat may start to limp as a result of pain in the joints.

Hi doctor. Thank you for giving us the opportunity to ask questions. I'm asking this question for a friend of mine who I'm very concerned about.

More than 2 months ago he had unprotected sex with a prostitute in a brothel. He's actually not even sure if he had sex because he just remembers coming out of the brothel and not the act itself.He was very drunk at the time. He has no idea if the girl is HIV+ or not.

2 to 3 weeks later he developed flu like sypmtoms although he didn't experience any fevers, headaches or night sweats. He just felt a slight tenderness in the back of his throat which still persists and occasionally his hands get inflamed. His hair is also falling out more than usual and he has vomitted a few times and he has suffered from diarrhea a couple of times in the last month. He has also lost about 7-8 kilos since the incident.

He is very convinced he has HIV and is worried to the extreme. This was the first time he's ever been with a prostitute and he regrets what he's done. He's planning to get tested once the 3 months mark is up.

Meanwhile, doctor, can you please tell me, to the best of your knowledge, if these are classic HIV symptoms? I know that some people who are HIV+ have no symptoms, but I'd like to have some sort of info. I just don't want him to stress unnecassarily. I'd like to see him have a peace of mind and get on with his life. Thank you for all your help.

If your friend didn't have a fever, I'm not sure how his symptoms were flu-like. Flu is classicly described as a febrile illness, and fever is a common symptom during primary HIV infection.

It sounds like you both are anxious and are doing a lot of guesswork. If your friend is concerned about his symptoms, he should see a doctor for a check-up. That will greatly inform how he should proceed.

The symptoms of walking pneumonia are a lot less severe than the symptoms associated with traditional pneumonia. The reason this is so is because walking pneumonia in general is a milder form of pneumonia. It is possible that a person can do their normal daily tasks while technically being sick. And, as long as they are taking antibiotics, they don’t have to worry about spreading the disease to other people. However, don’t think that because the symptoms of walking pneumonia are not as bad as traditional pneumonia that they aren’t still annoying. In fact, the symptoms of walking pneumonia can be so bothersome that many may decide to take things easy while they are recovering from the disease.

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I think you’re better off going cold turkey.n I tried weaning off and in the end the effects of withdrawal were horrible anyway. If you can stick with it for 4 to 6 weeks, they will subside …. Hope you can hang in there.

After an obnoxious amount of digestive upset, numerous UTI’s and 30+ pounds of weight gain, I have finally significantly reduced my aspartame intake. I made the decision one day after feeling incredibly bloated and gross. I was up to drinking 1-2 can’s of Pepsi Max and 1-2 glasses (equal to 4 servings) of crystal light a day. In addition I chew gum, up to 7 pieces a day. I am now on day 13 of no beverages or foods with aspartame. I still chew the gum as I have not yet found a substitute, but only about 3-4 pieces a day. For me, gum is more of a physical addiction. I need to chew on something. I have replaced my daily beverages with plain water, sparkling seltzer water that is only carbonated water and natural flavors, no other ingredients. When I feel like I want some soda, I drink regular. I don’t really crave pop anymore so I only have maybe 2-3 a week. As for caffeine, I take Green Tea tablets. I am more cautious of ingredients in everything. I never had a weight problem until I used “diet” beverages and foods. This sucks as I now have more than 30 pounds to try and lose.

As for the withdrawal…the first 7-10 days were the most difficult. I have had mood swings between anger and wanting to just cry for no reason at all. I do feel like those are beginning to subside some also. I have also began to get really itchy all over, no rash, just itchy and my muscles are achy. I am guessing that this is my body “cleansing” itself of the toxins. I knew going into this there was no quick fix, so I am prepared to deal with this until I am clean. I already feel better and my digestive system no longer sounds like I have an alien living inside of me. I am less bloated and I am beginning to come out of the fog and feel like me again.

Thank you for this article, it is a real problem, the artificial sweeteners. I am more cautious now and will continue to be.

Jen C
Minnesota

Aspartame withdrawal: my symptoms – hostility, anger, headaches, diarrhea, joint pain, clumsiness including falling, trouble sleeping, nightmares, jaw pain, dizziness. Diet coke addict for thirty years (3-5) servings per day. Plus equal user. Trying sugar and Pepsi one now.

Day 8 and I thought I was doing great until I started feeling a yeast infection coming on. I can do this. I can do this. I am 42 and started drinking diet coke in high school. I started drinking more and more. Too much. I weened myself off…wish I would have gone cold turkey though… Side affects would have subsided sooner.

Headaches
Migraines
Heart palpitations
Joint pain-shoulders elbows wrists
Lower back pain
Dry heaving
Depression
Anxiety
Moody swings
Hyper at times
Lethargic – missed 2 days of work
Dizziness
Restless legs
Blurred vision
Yeast infection

I want to know why there is nothing credible popping up on all my searches? And I want to know why they are allowed to still allow us to consume this poison? I must say, I am not looking forward to whatever else is going to happen to my body over the next few weeks. However, emotionally I feel fantastic and I have gotten great sleep the past couple nights.

Day 5, second time giving up diet sodas, diet dr peppers and diet cokes being my drug of choice. I am severely addicted, diet drinks have literally been the only liquid I consume other than milk in cereal. I have been addicted over 10 years. The first time I gave it up the symptoms were the same but this time they are much harder to handle. The first symptom to manifest is emotional, floating from anger to sadness to frustration. Then I feel like my body begins a purge, first by canker sores then yeast infection (sorry fellas for tmi) now I’m in the headache and body ache stage accompanied by lethargy and inability to sleep, anxiety and continued emotional withdrawal. I had to leave work early today. This addiction is no laughing matter and I long for the day when the dangers of this poison are more widely known and taken seriously. It’s hard to explain to others what you are going though by giving up the diet drinks, most people don’t take you seriously and that only makes it harder.

My real problem started when I moved to Canada. I am used to drinking cordials in UK which do not contain aspartame. I rarely drank much diet coke.
However they don’t have cordials in Canada and the fruit drinks here give me acid reflux, even water has an effect. I found diet coke didn’t upset my stomach so all I could do was use that as my main fluid intake. Anyway 3years down the road I haven’t been well at all since moving to Canada. I have gained weight and basically having problems with the food and drink here (all the additives) I realized this week it appears I have symptoms of aspartame poisoning, so I gave up diet coke three days ago. I found some English Elderflower drinks which do not seem to affect me.
My first day I felt sick and had cravings for sweet things. My second day I felt flu like feelings and my glands were raised. My third day today I developed a terrible migraine and had to lay in a dark room and I have buzzing in my ears.
I am however determined to eat healthy now and loose weight. I have gained around 60lbs since moving to Canada yep 60lbs but I am determined to loose it all and regain my health. So three days into my new life. The good thing is I am finally able to shop more healthy and have worked out the system here. Shopping has been difficult as 90% of products are different so basically I have picked all the wrong foods including US fruit which was obviously irradiated. I bought strawberries they were in the fridge over a month and didn’t show one sign of mould.
THERE IS NO LABELLING WHICH STATES IRRADIATION OR MOST OF THE ADDITIVES
I am becoming wise at long last. So wish me luck

For the last 6 years I’ve consumed between 2-6 cans of diet cola a day. I’m currently on day 7 of quitting and I feel like death… For the past few days I’ve been irritable and lethargic with blurred vision and uncontrollable bouts of depression. Yesterday I was reduced to lying in a dark room all day because of the horrific migraine I had, and today I’m dizzy and suffering with awful vertigo… I now feel the need to tell everyone I know about aspartame. It’s TOXIC!

I’m on day 7 and feel the very same. I’ve been addicted for 30 yrs

Ugh. I’ve been a regular diet dr. Pepper drinker for about 4-5 years now. It’s definitely within the last 9 months that I’ve increased my intake dramatically. I’d say that I drink between 4-9 cans a day. I’m an addict. And I definitely suffer from aspartame poisoning. And i only just realized my symptoms: fatigue, irritability, anxiety, depression, insomnia, weight gain, carb craving, foggy head, confusion, joint pain, headaches…the depression was the biggest concern. And it’s been getting worse and worse…I thought I was going crazy. I would catch myself mid thought and forget was I was tasking about. At work recently Ive found myself many times having a hard time “getting it together.” Being forgetful, flighty, discombobulated, etc…and I found myself near tears at work like 4 times last night. For no reason at all. No good reason at least. Lamenting over my stressful, but good life. That was my big aha…something is NOT right and I thought it was more than jsut regular depression.

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    Die Influenza-Welle ebbt bereits wieder ab – doch noch immer schnupfen oder husten sich viele Menschen durch die kalte Jahreszeit. Doch wo beginnt eine Grippe – und hört eine Erkältung auf? Und was ist, wenn ich gar kein Fieber habe?

    Grundsätzlich gilt: Eine Grippe wird durch Viren ausgelöst und beginnt meist urplötzlich. "Normalerweise fühlt man sich am Morgen noch gesund und hat abends plötzlich 39 oder 40 Grad Fieber", erklärt Infektiologe Peter Walger vom Berufsverband Deutscher Internisten gegenüber der Welt. Viele Betroffene leiden zudem an heftigen Kopf- und Gliederschmerzen sowie Schüttelfrost und fühlen sich zudem elend und schlapp – und das teilweise über Wochen oder sogar Monate. Weitere Symptome sind:

    • Appetitlosigkeit
    • Starke Müdigkeit
    • Hohes Fieber von 38 bis 40 Grad Celsius
    • Muskelschmerzen im ganzen Körper
    • Trockener Husten ohne Schleim
    • Verstopfte oder laufende Nase

    Sein Tipp: Besser sofort für ein paar Tage das Bett hüten. Schließlich ist mit Influenza nicht zu spaßen – und ganz wichtig: Nicht das Trinken vergessen. Ärzte raten gesunden Menschen bereits, eineinhalb bis zwei Liter durchschnittlich zu trinken. Wenn Sie allerdings krank sind, sind es nochmal bedeutend mehr. "Bei Fieber kann der Körper schnell zusätzlich zwei Liter Flüssigkeit verlieren", warnt Walger. Viel Wasser und Tee sind hier die beste Wahl.

    Zudem rät der Experte, wenn der Schmerz nicht mehr aushaltbar ist, zu Ibuprofen & Co. zu greifen. Doch Vorsicht: Die Dosis macht das Gift. Am besten nur so viel nehmen wie nötig. Von Kombipräparaten rät der Infektiologe allerdings ab: "Bei diesem Mix sind wichtige und unwichtige Einzelwirkstoffe drin, da ist eine richtige Dosierung unmöglich."

    Und auch von Antibiotika hält Walger nicht viel: "Antibiotika machen weder bei Erkältungen noch bei Grippe einen Sinn, sie wirken gegen Viren nicht." Sie machen seines Erachtens nur dann Sinn, wenn zusätzlich zu den Viren noch eine bakterielle Infektion kommt. Dann spricht man von einer sogenannten Superinfektion, die den geschwächten Körper zusätzlich belastet.

    Erkältung: Ebbt schnell ab - und es droht kein Fieber

    Viele Betroffene verwechseln allerdings Grippe und Erkältung miteinander, da sich die Symptome sehr ähneln. Doch eine Erkältung kann bis zu viermal im Jahr auftreten. Auch diese wird durch Viren ausgelöst - allerdings sind es unterschiedliche Virentypen - und auch hier treten Schnupfen, Halsschmerzen und Kopfweh auf.

    Doch es gibt einen gravierenden Unterschied: Eine Erkältung beginnt sehr langsam und ebbt meist auch wieder nach ein paar Tagen ab. Zudem "beeinträchtigt sie zwar die Befindlichkeit, aber man ist nicht schwer krank", so Walger. Außerdem ist hierbei das wichtigste Kriterium nicht vorhanden: das Fieber. Das bedeutet konkret: Wer erkältet ist, wird davon glücklicherweise verschont. Wenn Sie allerdings bereits unter hohem Fieber leiden, dann sollten Sie am besten schnell einen Arzt aufsuchen. Das gilt besonders für:

    • Senioren
    • Menschen mit Herz-Kreislauf-Erkrankungen
    • Menschen mit Lungenkrankheiten
    • Diabetiker
    • Menschen mit schwachem Immunsystem
    • Kleinkinder

    Wer nicht zur Risikogruppe gehört, aber mit Verdacht auf Grippe zusätzlich unter Atemnot, Kreislaufstörungen oder sogar Schwindel leidet, sollte ebenfalls einen Arzt aufsuchen. Das gilt übrigens auch für diejenigen, die eine langanhaltende Erkältung plagt oder nach ein paar Tagen ein neuer Schub kommt. Schließlich könnte sich dahinter sogar eine Lungenentzündung verbergen. Doch auch andere Organe könnten betroffen sein:

    Studie überrascht: Jeder fünfte Grippe-Infizierte zeigt gar keine Symptome

    Dagegen erstaunt eine Studie des Lancet Respiratory Medicine von 2014 – die besagt, dass sich während einer Grippewelle jeder Fünfte mit Influenza-Viren ansteckt. Doch jetzt kommt der Hammer: Die meisten wissen es nicht einmal, da sie gar keine Symptome haben. Das Team um Andrew Hayward vom University College London konnte nachweisen, dass es sich sogar um drei Viertel der Infizierten handelt. Daher sollen auch nur einige wenige "Unglückliche" in der Folge zum Arzt gegangen sein.

    Und das ist auch richtig so – eine Influenza ist schließlich eine ernstzunehmende Erkrankung, die bei Komplikationen am Ende sogar tödlich enden kann. Daher macht es auch Sinn, dass es gegen die "echte" Grippe eine Impfung gibt – gegen Erkältung nicht. Der Impfstoff unterscheidet sich dabei von Jahr zu Jahr, je nachdem, welche Grippeviren gerade im Umlauf sind.

    Being Deficient in Iodine Affects Thyroid Function

    Iodine is an essential mineral. It is a non-metal that is only needed in small, trace amounts in the body but it must be present in the right amount.

    The primary role of iodine in the body is to serve as one of the ingredients in the syntheses of thyroid hormones.

    The two major thyroid hormones are thyroxine or T4 and triiodothyronine or T3.

    While T3 contains 3 iodine atoms, T4 contains 4 of them. Therefore, 65% of the molecular weight of T4 is due to iodine but 59% of the weight of T3 is iodine.

    Even though iodine is most known as a precursor of thyroid hormones, most of the iodine in the body is actually outside the thyroid gland and the hormones released from it. 70% of the iodine ingested into the body can be found in the tissues of the mammary glands, salivary glands, thymus glands, walls of blood vessels, eyes, cervix and the mucosal surface of the mouth and gastrointestinal tract.

  • acheter geriforte

    How should I know?

    Because that's what I did for about a year before going to the doctor about my herpes symptoms.

    A good Herpes test answered my questions.

    Herpes is contagious. You owe it to yourself and your partner(s) to get tested and tell them the truth if you see that you have herpes symptoms of any kind.

    How Did You Get These Symptoms of Male Genital Herpes?

    Herpes is quickly transmitted to and from a partner. In fact, the word herpes in Greek means "Creeping", as even the Greeks knew how quickly this virus could be passed.

    Many women don't realize they have any symptoms of herpes. It is something like over 50% of women who have female genital herpes aren't aware of any of their female herpes symptoms.

    So you could be having sex with a woman who doesn't even know she has herpes. I think this is what happened to me. Because they certainly didn't tell me.

    Although you might be using a condom, the herpes virus can be passed through general skin contact in the genital area. It is highly contagious. Even when there are no obvious symptoms, through asymptomatic viral shedding the virus can be passed through the skin.

    That's why a good blood test is essential for you and your partner. You might have herpes, they might have herpes. You don't know unless you get tested.

    It only costs about $90 for a blood test for Herpes.

    The first signs of male genital herpes will occur within 2-20 days of getting the herpes virus from your sexual partner. Yes, you will see herpes male symptoms that quickly.

    The first genital herpes symptoms will be generalized, in other words, you will feel them through large parts of your body as the virus attacks many of your cells. This first outbreak of male genital herpes is called the Primary Outbreak.

    Here's some symptoms of male genital herpes you'll likely experience during the p rimary outbreak :

    • Flu or fever (very vommon)
    • High temperatures
    • Decreased appetite
    • Muscle aches (especially in legs, groin, or lower back)
    • Swollen lymph glands
    • Swelling of the penis

    So during these first signs of male herpes symptoms it will feel like your whole body is sick. It sucks. For me, I felt like I had the flu!

    Male Herpes Symptoms and Lesions during Primary Outbreak

    (Picture of male genital herpes on penis)

    After feeling flu, fever, or muscle aches, you'll start to feel an intense itching under the skin. This is the virus moving to the surface of your skin.

    The next herpes hale symptom you'll experience is small little blisters appearing on the skin surface. They will appear in clusters, many of them together.

  • achat geriforte générique en belgique

    Influenza ist eine durch das Influenzavirus verursachte Erkrankung der Atemwege. Hierdurch wird die Schleimhaut (Mucosa) der Atemwege angegriffen und das Eindringen anderer pathogener/toxischer Erreger erleichtert. Das Influenzavirus ist sehr ansteckend.

    Die Infektion erfolgt meist durch das Einatmen (Inhalation) von infizierten Partikeln (Tröpfcheninfektion bei Husten und Niesen). Es sind aber auch Schmier- und Kontaktinfektionen möglich.

    Die Viren binden an Rezeptoren von Zellen im Atemtrakt, dringen in diese ein, vermehren sich dort und führen schließlich zu einer Zerstörung der betroffenen Zellen. Hierbei werden viele neue Viren freigesetzt. Es kommt zu einer ausgeprägten Entzündungsreaktion. Die Inkubationszeit beträgt 1-4 Tage.

    Eine niedrige Luftfeuchtigkeit und Kälte begünstigen die Übertragung der Viren. Deshalb kommt es zu einer Häufung von Infektionen während der Herbst- und Wintermonate. Als mögliche Ursachen dafür werden diskutiert:

    • Austrockung der Schleimhäute
    • Verdickung des Nasenschleims durch Kälteexposition
    • Schnellere Zersetzung der Viren bei hoher Luftfeuchtigkeit

    Influenzaviren sind allgemein behüllte Einzelstrang-RNA-Viren. Je nach auslösendem Virustyp unterscheidet man:

    • Influenza A: Es gibt 16 H-Subtypen (H1-H16) und 9 N-Subtypen (N1-N9). Die Buchstaben H und N stehen dabei für die Pathogenitätsfaktoren Hämagglutinin und Neuraminidase. Durch die jährliche Veränderung der H- und N-Antigene kommt es zu einer fehlenden Wirksamkeit von bestehenden Antikörpern und damit zu jährlichen Grippeepidemien. Beispiele für Influenza A sind:
      • Influenza-A-(H1N1)
      • Influenza-A-(H5N1)
      • Influenza-A-(H7N9)
    • Influenza B
    • Influenza C

    Typisch ist ein plötzlicher und heftiger Ausbruch der Krankheit. Die Symptome gleichen zum Teil denen einer starken Erkältung (die im Volksmund auch oft fälschlicherweise als Grippe bezeichnet wird), meist sind sie jedoch stärker ausgeprägt:

    Mehrtägiges Fieber von 39 bis 40 Grad ist möglich. Komplikationen können Kreislaufschwäche, Entzündung des Nervensystems und der Lunge sein.

    In der nördlichen Hemisphäre tritt Influenza bevorzugt in den Wintermonaten, also saisonal, auf ("Grippesaison"). Die genaue Inzidenz ist bei Grippe nur schwer abschätzbar, da inapparente und leichtere Krankheitsverläufe die Abgrenzung erkrankter Personen erschweren. Vom CDC (Center for Disease Control) wird geschätzt, dass ca. 15% der Bevölkerung betroffen ist (oft aber ohne Symptome). Die stationäre Inzidenz liegt etwa bei ca. 60 Personen auf 100.000 Fälle.

    Die Mortalität der Influenza ist abhängig vom zirkulierenden Subtyp. Sie schwankte nach Schätzungen des RKI im Zeitraum von 1985-2006 zwischen 0,1 und 38 Todesfällen pro 100.000 Einwohner.

    • Spanische Grippe: Durch eine spezielle Variante des H1N1-Erregers ausgelöste Influenza, die weltweit etwa 20-40 Millionen Opfer forderte (1918).
    • Vogelgrippe: Seit schätzungsweise knapp 10 Jahren ist in Asien die Vogelgrippe verbreitet. Hierbei traten Influenza-A-Viren des Subtyps H5N1 von Hühnern auf Menschen über. Durch Schlachtung Tausender Tiere ist ein Ausbruch einer Pandemie verhindert worden. Nichtsdestotrotz herrscht in Expertenkreisen nach wie vor die große Angst vor, dass der H5N1-Virus mutiert, von Mensch zu Mensch übertragbar und damit hoch gefährlich wird. Eine neue Pandemie wie die Spanische Grippe, so fürchtet man, könnte ebenfalls Millionen von Menschenleben fordern.

    Der direkte Nachweis von Virus-Antigenen kann mittels Immunfluoreszenz, ELISA oder PCR erfolgen. Als Probenmaterial wird Nasenspülwasser, Rachenspülwasser oder durch eine bronchoalveoläre Lavage (BAL) gewonnenes Bronchialsekret verwendet.

    Der indirekte Nachweis einer Infektion wird durch Bestimmung der Influenza-Antikörper (IgA, IgG, IgM) im Serum mittels ELISA erbracht.

    Wie bei anderen Influenzaformen bietet die Impfung nur einen relativen Schutz. Das Problem dabei ist, dass sich Grippe-Viren ständig verändern und deswegen Impfungen jedes Jahr aufgefrischt werden müssen. Schutzimpfungen sind für ältere Menschen und besonders gefährdete Personen empfohlen (Patienten mit chronischen Lungen-, Herz-, Leber-, Nierenerkrankungen, medizinisches Personal).

    Eine effektive, aber häufig unterschätzte Maßnahme ist das gründliche Händewaschen, da die Erreger durch Seifen abgetötet werden. Es minimiert vor allem das Risiko einer Schmierinfektion.

    Das Tragen von Gesichtsmasken ist nur sinnvoll, wenn es sich um Masken handelt, die den ungefilterten Lufteinstrom ausreichend vermindern, wie z.B. FFP3-Masken. Einfache Gesichtsmasken (Mundschutz) sind als Schutzmaßnahme unwirksam, da sie den Atemstrom nicht filtrieren, weil Luft frei an den Seiten ein- und austreten kann.

    • Bettruhe
    • Körperliche Schonung
    • Ausreichende Flüssigkeitszufuhr

    In der Frühphase der Infektion können wie bei anderen Influenza-Formen antivirale Medikamente eingesetzt werden. Dazu zählen unter anderem:

    Die Wirksamkeit dieser Medikamente gegen einen bestimmten isolierten Erregerstamm ist sehr variabel. Punktmutationen im Virusgenom können bei Neuraminidase-Hemmern zu einer Veränderung der Resistenzlage, d.h. zur Unwirksamkeit der Medikamente führen. Wie bei bakteriellen Erregern nehmen Resistenzen durch den breiten Einsatz antiviraler Substanzen zu.

  • acheter geriforte

    • Bettruhe
    • Körperliche Schonung
    • Ausreichende Flüssigkeitszufuhr

    In der Frühphase der Infektion können wie bei anderen Influenza-Formen antivirale Medikamente eingesetzt werden. Dazu zählen unter anderem:

    Die Wirksamkeit dieser Medikamente gegen einen bestimmten isolierten Erregerstamm ist sehr variabel. Punktmutationen im Virusgenom können bei Neuraminidase-Hemmern zu einer Veränderung der Resistenzlage, d.h. zur Unwirksamkeit der Medikamente führen. Wie bei bakteriellen Erregern nehmen Resistenzen durch den breiten Einsatz antiviraler Substanzen zu.

    Zur Verhinderung oder Therapie von Sekundärinfektionen kann der Einsatz von Antibiotika sinnvoll sein. Bei sehr hohem Fieber ist zudem die Gabe von Antipyretika (z.B. Paracetamol) zu erwägen.

    Die Wirkung einer vorbeugenden oder therapeutischen Gabe von Vitamin C ist umstritten.

    Der Krankheitsverlauf ist sehr unterschiedlich, meist relativ harmlos ohne Folgen, z.T. aber auch lebensgefährlich (v.a. bei Kindern und älteren immungeschwächten Personen).

    Die akute Erkrankung klingt in der Regel etwa nach 5 bis 7 Tagen ab. Einzelne Symptome (z.B. Husten, Abgeschlagenheit) können jedoch noch über einen längeren Zeitraum weiter bestehen. Je nach Schwere der durchgemachten Erkrankung ist eine Rekonvaleszenz über Tage, aber auch über Wochen möglich.

    Eine mögliche Komplikation der Influenza, der bei bestimmten Virusstämmen auftritt, ist der so genannte Zytokinsturm. Dabei versagt die adaptive Immunantwort und es kommt zu einer Überreaktion des Immunsystems im Sinne einer sich selbst verstärkenden Kaskadenreaktion. Die dazu fähigen Zellen des Immunsystems (T-Zellen, Makrophagen) schütten große Mengen an Zytokinen aus, die eine massive Entzündungsreaktion hervorrufen. Sie tritt klinisch als schwere, perakute Influenzapneumonie mit Dyspnoe, Lungenblutungen und möglichem Organversagen in Erscheinung.

    Bestimmte Erregervarianten des Influenzavirus begünstigen die Entstehung eines Zytokinsturms. Sie bilden Proteine, auf die das Immunsystem offensichtlich besonders empfindlich reagiert. Häufig unterscheiden sie sich nur in einigen wenigen Genabschnitten von weniger pathogenen Stämmen.

    Surprisingly, there are no symptoms of hypercholesterolemia (high cholesterol) itself. However, chronically (long-term; several decades’ worth) elevated levels of serum cholesterol when not diagnosed can result in atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis, also known as arteriosclerotic vascular disease or ASVD, is the narrowing of the blood vessels caused by the build-up of fats such as cholesterol. The formation of fat-comprised plaques in the arteries continues to pile up, resulting in the progressive stenosis (narrowing) and ultimate occlusion (blockage) of the affected arteries.

    (If you live in Florida, you might be interested in learning about our high cholesterol clinical trial in DeLand, FL.)

    Hypercholesterolemia results in extra cholesterol being left in the bloodstream by low-density lipoproteins (LDLs). It is the job of the high-density lipoproteins (HDLs) to clean up the cholesterol deposits in the bloodstream. If the HDLs cannot clean up all the cholesterol left by the LDLs, the cholesterol will build up in the arteries as plaque, resulting in atherosclerosis stenosis or even occlusion.

    Atherosclerosis may lead to tissue and organ ischemia (blood supply restriction). Organs and tissue that receive nutrient-rich blood via the clogged arteries suffer diminishing blood distribution, because less blood can be transferred through the arterial stenosis or blockage. Ischemia causes harm to the functioning of organs and tissues.

    Hypercholesterolemia can result in the following:

    • atherosclerosis, including the following:
    • arterial stenosis
    • arterial occlusion
    • tissue and organ ischemia, resulting in the following:
    • injury to organ and tissue function

    Upon the ischemia-induced tissue or organ impairment, a variety of medical conditions can result, including the following: temporary ischemia of the brain (transient ischemic attack), ischemia of the heart, and ischemia of the eye.
    Atherosclerosis in the brain can result in stroke. Signs and symptoms of temporary ischemia of the brain include:

    • temporary loss of vision
    • dizziness
    • balance impairment
    • aphasia (difficulty speaking)
    • weakness
    • numbness or tingling in the body (usually on one side)

    The organ most affected by atherosclerosis is the heart. Atherosclerosis in the heart or in a blood vessel that carries blood to the heart (coronary artery) can result in coronary heart disease and result in heart attack or cardiac muscle death. Ischemia of the heart may present in the following ways:

    • chest pain
    • difficulty breathing
    • shortness of breath
    • rapid or irregular heartbeats
    • dizziness
    • light-headedness
    • extreme anxiety
    • nausea
    • vomiting
    • indigestion or heartburn
    • pain or discomfort in areas in the upper body, including the arms, back, stomach, left shoulder, jaw or neck
    • cold sweat
    • extreme weakness