Budesonide 1,600 mcg by MDI with nebuhaler and face mask for first three days, then 800 mcg for another seven days

Total of 10 days

Two to five years

Six to 11 years

Nasal irrigation with saline17

Six to 10 years

3 to 9 mL per nostril

Up to three weeks

Pelargonium sidoides (geranium) extract (Umcka Coldcare)18

One to 18 years

10 to 30 drops (depending on age)

Two to five years

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The best treatment for mono is plenty of rest, especially early in the course of the illness when symptoms are the most severe. Acetaminophen or ibuprofen can help to relieve a fever and aching muscles. Never give aspirin to a child who has a viral illness because its use has been linked to Reye syndrome, which may lead to liver failure and can even be fatal.

In most cases, mono symptoms go away in a matter of weeks with plenty of rest and fluids. If they seem to linger, or if you have any other questions, talk with your child's doctor.

Why Don't Octopus Tentacles Suction Their Own Bodies? Scientists Know.

Skeleton Found By Cave Divers Estimated To Be One Of The Oldest In North America

Deadly New Virus Warning: What are the Symptoms Of The Virus That Killed 8?

By iScienceTimes Staff on March 8, 2013 12:54 PM EST

A deadly new virus warning has been issued by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). In a statement released Thursday, the CDC warned state and local health officials about potential infections from a deadly new virus that has never been seen before in humans.

"Genetic sequence analyses have shown that this new virus is different from any other known human coronaviruses," the CDC stated in its Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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The new virus has infected 14 people and killed eight since it was first reported in Sept. 2012. Most of the infections have occurred in the Middle East, specifically Saudi Arabia, Qatar and Jordan, with three instances in the United Kingdom. No cases have been reported in the U.S., the CDC noted.

According to the CDC's analysis, the virus is a coronavirus, which are thought to cause the majority of all common colds in human adults. It is also part of the same family of viruses that caused the deadly outbreak of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) that first emerged in Asia in 2003, Fox News reports. When SARS first appeared, it quickly spread to more than two dozen countries in North America, South America, Europe and Asia before it was contained. There were 774 total deaths reported that were caused by SARS, most of which were in China. Viruses of the coronavirus family also cause a number of diseases in animals.

Three of the deadly new virus cases occurred in the UK within a single family. The small outbreak began with a 60-year-old man who had recently traveled to Pakistan and Saudi Arabia, and who developed a respiratory illness on Jan. 24 while still in the Middle East. The man was hospitalized after returning to the UK, and has been receiving intensive care. Another man living in the 60-year-old's household also got the virus and developed a respiratory illness on Feb. 6. He died shortly after. A second individual, a female in the house, developed a respiratory illness on Feb. 5, but did not need to be hospitalized and has recovered. This is how the CDC learned that the virus can be transmitted through human-to-human contact.

Symptoms of infection with this deadly new virus include severe acute respiratory illness with fever, cough and shortness of breath. The CDC recommends that anyone who traveled from the Arabian Peninsula recently who develops an unexplained respiratory infection within ten days should seek immediate medical treatment. The CDC has yet to issue a warning about restricting travel to the areas affected by the deadly new virus.

Updates related to the deadly new virus can be found at www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/ncv/.

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Kaposi's Sarcoma — This is the most common AIDS-related cancer. It causes reddish-purple lesions that usually appear on the skin. They also can appear on the lymph nodes, mouth, gastrointestinal tract and lungs.

Shingles — Shingles are caused by a reactivation of the chicken pox virus. It may cause a painful rash or blisters that follow the path of nerves.

Reviewed by health care specialists at UCSF Medical Center.

As pancreatic cancer develops in the body, it may cause some of the following symptoms. The symptoms and severity can vary for each person but it’s important that if you are experiencing any, which are persistent and not normal for you, that you visit your GP or call NHS 111.

  • Depression
  • Diabetes – new on-set and not associated with weight gain
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Loss appetite
  • Pain when eating

Not everyone will have all of these symptoms. For example, those who have a tumour in the body or tail of the pancreas are unlikely to have painless jaundice. All of these symptoms can have other causes, and there is not yet a reliable and easy test for pancreatic cancer.

However, if you regularly experience ONE OR MORE of these symptoms which are NOT NORMAL FOR YOU, DO NOT IGNORE THEM, contact your GP straight away.

Keeping track of any symptoms you may be experiencing can be useful when discussing them with your GP. Click here for the Pancreatic Cancer Action symptoms diary.

30% of patients will have yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes, jaundice, when they first go to the doctors. This is related to the tumour blocking the bile duct which leads to a build-up of bile in the liver.

Jaundice may be more obvious in the whites of the eyes and bad jaundice can cause itching of the skin. For more information on jaundice click here.

Approximately 70 per cent of patients with pancreatic cancer go to the doctor initially due to pain. This pain is often described as beginning in the stomach area and radiating around to the upper back (just above where a woman’s bra strap would be).

Generally the reason for the pain is because of the tumour pressing against your abdomen and spine.

A tumour in the pancreas can cause bowel disturbances which means you do not absorb your food properly. This will result in regular, large bowel movements of pale and smelly stool. This can also cause weight loss.

Many of our patients or relatives have said that they have experienced mood changes before being diagnosed.

Mild to severe depression can often present itself in the early stages of pancreatic cancer. This is why if someone who has never suffered from a severe bout of depression before should express their concerns to their GP. It can often highlight a medical problem in the very early stages.

Pancreatic cancer can cause diabetes. A pancreatic tumour can interfere with insulin production in the pancreas which can lead to new onset diabetes.

You may have diabetes if you have low energy, pass more urine than normal and feel extremely thirsty.

For general health information including information on pancreatic cancer

The information provided in this site, or through links to other websites, is not a substitute for medical or professional care and should not be relied upon as such. Read our disclaimer.

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You can find more information about mosquitoes on the Ministry of Health website and also tips on how to avoid mosquito bites while travelling.

Zika virus infection is notifiable in New Zealand as an arboviral disease.

Guidance for health professionals (updated 24 July 2017)

Pregnant women who become infected with Zika virus can transmit the disease to their unborn babies, with potentially serious consequences. Reports from several countries, most notably Brazil, demonstrate an increase in severe fetal birth defects and poor pregnancy outcomes in babies whose mothers were infected with Zika virus while pregnant.

We know that Zika virus infection during pregnancy is a cause of congenital microcephaly and other severe brain abnormalities. Zika virus has also been linked to other problems in pregnancies and among fetuses and infants infected before birth, such as miscarriage, stillbirth, and other birth defects.

A distinct pattern of birth defects, called congenital Zika syndrome, has emerged among fetuses and infants of women infected with Zika during pregnancy. In addition to cognitive, sensory, and motor disabilities that are shared with other birth defects, congenital Zika syndrome is associated with five types of birth defects that are either not seen or occur rarely with other infections (eg, cytomegalovirus or rubella) during pregnancy:

  • severe microcephaly resulting in a partially collapsed skull
  • decreased brain tissue with brain damage (as indicated by a specific pattern of calcium deposits)
  • damage to the back of the eye with a specific pattern of scarring and increased pigment
  • limited range of joint motion, such as clubfoot
  • too much muscle tone restricting body movement soon after birth.

Therefore, the Ministry of Health recommends that women who are pregnant or plan to become pregnant in the near term should defer travel to areas with Zika virus present. If travel is essential, if possible delay pregnancy if travelling to these areas.

If travelling in Zika-infected areas, women who are pregnant or plan to become pregnant should consult with their health care provider. All travelers should take all precautions to avoid mosquito bites, including the following.

  • Wear long-sleeved shirts and long pants.
  • Use insect repellents containing DEET, picaridin, oil of lemon eucalyptus (OLE), or IR3535. Always use as directed.
  • Insect repellents containing DEET, picaridin, and IR3535 are safe for pregnant and breastfeeding women and children older than 2 months when used according to the product label. Oil of lemon eucalyptus products should not be used on children under 3 years of age.
  • If you use both sunscreen and insect repellent, apply the sunscreen first and then the repellent.
  • Use permethrin-treated clothing and gear (such as boots, pants, socks, and tents).
  • Use bed nets as necessary.
  • Stay and sleep in screened-in or air-conditioned rooms.
  • Be particularly vigilant for the 2 hours after sunrise and the 2 hours before sunset.

We also advise that women who have travelled to an affected country without their partner use appropriate contraception for eight weeks to avoid pregnancy. However, if the partner has also travelled to an affected country then see advice on sexual transmission of Zika virus.

If you are pregnant and develop a rash, red eyes, fever, or joint pain within 14 days of travel to a Zika virus-infected country, please consult your health care provider and let them know your travel history.

This information will be updated as more research becomes available.

Zika virus is considered to be mainly spread by infected mosquitoes. However, there is growing information available about the risk of sexual transmission of Zika virus.

Due to the potentially serious implications of transmitting Zika to a pregnant woman, we advise that:

  • All men who have travelled to a Zika-affected area and have a pregnant partner should abstain from sexual activity (oral, vaginal, and anal) or use condoms for the duration of the pregnancy, whether they have symptoms or not.
  • All men who have travelled to a Zika-affected area and have a partner who is at risk of becoming pregnant should abstain from sexual activity (oral, vaginal, and anal) or use condoms, whether they have symptoms or not, for at least six months after leaving a Zika-affected area.

We will continue to review New Zealand guidance as further information becomes available.

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Si vous pensez présenter des symptômes de grippe, notre ligne sans frais et info-santé (8-1-1) sont de bonnes ressources pour vous guider.

Vous devriez consulter un médecin si vous présentez des symptômes de la grippe en plus d’un ou de plusieurs des symptômes ci-dessous:

  • Perte d’appétit
  • Essoufflement, difficulté et douleur à respirer
  • Lèvres et/ou doigts bleutés
  • Étourdissement
  • Confusion
  • Forte fièvre qui persiste durant plus de 3 jours
  • Vomissements persistants
  • Sang dans les sécrétions

Un enfant grippé qui ne mange pas, ne boit pas et ne joue pas devrait voir un médecin.

Aide à la décision

Aide à la decision si vous avez des symptômes de la grippe

Dans les cas sans complications, les symptômes de la grippe disparaissent habituellement sans traitement. Il est surtout recommandé de prendre du repos et de se soigner à la maison pour éviter de contaminer d’autres personnes.

Voici quelques façons de soulager vos symptômes:

  • Se reposer
  • Boire beaucoup d’eau
  • Prendre des médicaments contre la fièvre en vente libre comme l’acétaminophène (Tylenols®), l’ibuprofène (Advil®) et l’acide acétylsalicylique (Aspirin®)

Pour tous médicaments en vente libre, n’oubliez pas de lire l’étiquette pour vous assurer que le traitement convienne à votre situation (âge, problématique de santé, etc.) ou consulter votre pharmacien, il saura vous guider.

Dans certains cas, le médecin peut également prescrire un médicament antiviral administré par voie orale. Pour être efficace, il doit être pris dans les 48 heures suivant l’apparition des premiers symptômes grippaux.

Les médicaments antiviraux tels que l’amantadine, le zanamivir et l’oseltamivir peuvent prévenir et traiter la grippe causée par le virus de type A ou B. Cependant, ils ne sont pas destinés à remplacer le vaccin annuel pour les gens à risques. Les médicaments antiviraux auront pour effet de diminuer les symptômes de la grippe s’ils sont administrés dans les 24 à 48 heures suivant l’apparition des symptômes. Notez qu’ils ne gênent pas l’action du vaccin administré par injection.

Ces médicaments ne doivent pas être considérés comme substitut à la vaccination qui demeure le meilleur moyen préventif contre la grippe.

On peut prévenir la grippe en se faisant vacciner tous les automnes. Le vaccin permet à l’organisme de produire les anticorps qui le protégeront pendant les cinq à six mois que dure la saison de la grippe. La vaccination annuelle permet de prévenir la grippe, et de réduire la gravité de la maladie. Le meilleur moment pour recevoir le vaccin antigrippal est au début de la saison grippale soit au mois d’octobre et de novembre.

Voici quelques façons simples et efficaces de vous protéger contre la grippe:

  • Lavez-vous fréquemment les mains
  • Nettoyez les surfaces les plus utilisées (poignets de porte, surfaces de comptoir, etc.)
  • Limitez les contacts avec les personnes malades
  • Faites-vous vacciner (consultez l’onglet Vaccination pour plus d’information sur le vaccin antigrippal)

En 2011, le Québec présentait le plus bas taux de vaccination au Canada avec 27% de sa population ayant reçu le vaccin. De plus, 25 % des Québécois affirmaient avoir contracté la grippe, ce qui représente le plus haut taux au pays.

En comparaison, la Colombie-Britannique a eu un taux de vaccination de 52% et, par conséquent, seulement 10% de la population avait été incommodée par la grippe cette même année.

Au Québec, chaque année, plus de 300 décès sont attribuables au virus de la grippe. Ce n’est donc pas une problématique à prendre à la légère.

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“This year, the flu strain mutated a little bit and there is one component of the flu strain that is causing the flu in people who actually did get the shot,” she said.

Several local hospitals are now limiting visitors to try and stop the spread of the flu. At the University of Maryland Medical Center, no visitors under the age of 18 will be allowed in the hospital, only two adult visitors can see a patient at one time and visitors experiencing flu symptoms are not permitted.

Flu season normally lasts through February and March.

Experts say they are expecting another surge in flu cases later in the season.

I was prescribed Lamictal for BiPolar. I started off at 25mg a day for 14 & then 5omg for 14 days. I am on my 4th day ( of the 50mg) & am having horrible "flu" like symptoms. Has anyone else experienced this. Thanks for any info.:)

I have hoarseness weight gain achiness in my legs and feet and more I askes to be dropped to 50 as I was on 100mg and had more side effects

Are your feet swollen and hands? do you feel weak? and you mentioned you have gained weight, What other side effects do you have because they may be serious.

contact your doc, and once again i ask u r u on other meds cause of the interactions?

Hi Im bi polar and I have been on in it for 3 or 4 years was on 200mg now Im on 300mg, no side effects but 4 me. Its a common side effect to have flu like symtoms, (body aches and chills).
I would still recommend u tell your doc.

hope this helps

i did talk to my doc and i think it is time for a second opinion. did anyone gain weight. i also have gained 15 lbs most fluid but how good is that on the rest of your body. i am afraid it is going to effect my heart

Try to avoid fluids that have to much sodium in them..that causes water retention. even bottled water. there is on form nestle gas free (at least here) free of sodium, also dont add sault to your meals, as sodium is a prservative that pratically comes in everything.

I appreciate everyone's comments. That is really the only side-effect I have had is the flu like symptoms. I have not gained weight at all. To the one that commented on the retention of fluid, that is not normal, if your Dr insist you stay on Lamictal maybe you could request they put you on 25mg of Hydrochlorothiazide a day. That will drop that water weight real quick. I haven't heard of weight gain with Lamictal. Actually, one of the side effects is "Anorexia". Has anyone else experienced weight gain ( or loss) with Lamictal?

Several side effects are possible with Lamictal. Weight gain does appear to be one of them, although it is not among the most commonly reported Lamictal side effects. This data comes from clinical trials where the drug was extensively studied and side effects were documented.

In studies, between 1 and 5 percent of people taking Lamictal for bipolar disorder treatment experienced weight gain. However, weight gain was not reported as a side effect in people taking it to control seizures.

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  • Internal Exposure:
  • External Exposure: Mild irritant to skin, eyes, nose, and throat
  • Chronic Exposure:


Type of Pesticide: Herbicides

Action on Human System: Irritant

  • Internal Exposure:
  • External Exposure: Irritant and skin sensitizer
  • Chronic Exposure:


Type of Pesticide: Fungicides

Action on Human System: Irritant

  • Internal Exposure:
  • External Exposure: Skin irritant
  • Chronic Exposure:

Chemical Family: Dinitroaniline Compounds - trifluralin(C), Treflan(T)


Type of Pesticide: Herbicides

Action on Human System: Irritant

  • Internal Exposure:
  • External Exposure: Slightly to moderately irritating to skin, eyes, nose, and throat
  • Chronic Exposure:


Type of Pesticide: Herbicides

Action on Human System: Irritant

  • Internal Exposure:
  • External Exposure: Irritating to skin and eyes
  • Chronic Exposure:

Chemical Family: Picolinic Acid - triclopyr(C), Garlon(T)


Type of Pesticide: Herbicides

Action on Human System: Irritant

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    If this is all part of the withdrawl, I will deal with it as well as all the other withdrawal symptoms. But this one hell of a ride I never want to experience again.

    I have been taking Lexapro for about 10 years because I have depression. my doctor wants me so stop taking it and put me on something else because I now have I also have P.D.S.D now. do you know if I will go crazy and bring my self to the edge of suicide like I was before I was taking it.

    My primary care doctor started me on 10mg Lexapro. I had numerous side effects, which included an intense hot flash in the first week or so of taking the medicine. I also had 3 itchy welts form on my chest region, the doctor told me to stop taking the Lexapro after I told him about the itchy welts. I felt tingling and electric type shocking throughout my body. I couldn't sleep well at times, and had some very intense scary thoughts and heightened sensation to commit suicide. After noticing the itchy welts, I decided to stop the Lexapro. It made me feel the way I hoped it would a good bit of the time, but it was not worth all the other feelings it induced. I cut back to 5mg for the last week to taper myself off, knowing that was the best way to stop meds. I told my doctor about the itchy welts after I dropped to the 5mg the last week, that's when he told me to stop taking the Lexapro. I said (knowing I already had begun that process) should I quit slowly, he said no, stop it immediately. I am afraid to take any medications these days, I have trouble with the trusting, especially considering the precarious side effects. I hope this was helpful in some small way.

    I was recently switched from Prozac to lexapro. About three months. My dr recently upped my dose from 10mg to 20mg even after I told him how itchy and restless I've become. I am covered in hives daily. Feel like I can't relax and constantly shake my leg or foot.. Thought I was just crazy until reading these posts! I have literally scratched my arms legs and hands raw. Grrrrrrrr!! And the dreams are the worst to boot. Now reading about the withdrawal symptoms scares me. Facing a lot in my life soon and really need the extra help, but not sure what to do now.

    I was on lexapro for about a year. It really helped my anxiety but the downside was I gained 25 pounds. I was constantly eating when I was not hungry and craving sweets. I had no energy to do anything and would come home from work and by go to the sofa. I finally decided I couldn't gain anymore weight and discussed it with my Dr. He advised I wean off of it gradually. I was on 20mg and instead of taking it every day I took it every other day for 3 weeks. Then I dropped it to 10 mg every other day for a week. I was ok for about 5 days. Then I started crying over nothing and getting irritable. Then it got worse. I was blowing up screaming at my husband over things that would normally not bother me. Having temper fits, throwing things, or sobbing over the least little stress. I have a long commute to work and road rage was scary. After a week of this I went back to Dr.and he put me on low dose of Welbutrin to be increased after 2 weeks. After a few days I started to calm down some. After 10 days I still cry easily and get irritated with any little stress but I am able to control myself.

    I took 10mg of lexapro for 7 years for panic attacks.Except for 13 pounds of weight gain I felt great.

    Six month ago I decided wean of to loose the weight.No problem!

    I lost my excess weight within 3 weeks and felt great without any side effects.That lasted 4 month and when my brother died 2 month ago my panic attacks came back worse than ever.

    After weeks of misery I am back on lexapro and feel good again.

    I guess I will take it for the rest of my live.

    After becoming rather sick I visited an urgent care facility where the doctor, without notifying her of my past diagnosis of depression and GAD, prescribed me a prescription of a months worth of 20mg Lexapro. I am newish to the area and have a hard time actually sitting down and doing things like finding a primary care physician or psychiatrist so I have neither at the moment sadly. After finally finding a doctor the earliest they can get me in is July, needless to say I can barely function around people. I am an emotional mess, I constantly get dizzy and the frequency of the brain zaps is almost debilitating. I have almost been getting random numbness and a needle like sensation throughout my left side of my body. I also haven't slept well in the past week since the end of my prescription. If I had known I wouldn't have been able to find a doctor with earlier openings I wouldn't have started taking it. This is ridiculous and I can barely function at work due to the withdrawals symptoms, which have also put a strain on my relationships with my significant other as well as my roommates.

    I have been taking Lexapro 20 mg for about 9 years. I began experiencing extreme irritability, anger and frustration. My doctor began weaning me off and adding Zoloft. That didn't work. Now my doctor is taking me down to 10 mg every day and 100 Wellbutrin. The ringing in my head is horrible. It hasn't stopped for 2 weeks. Has anyone else experienced this withdrawal symptom?

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    A few simple questions…..a lot above to sift through…..

    I have tried to find confirmation that Medicare does require HCWs to get the flu shot..or wear a mask yes or no and where to find it. I am specifically referring to employees who work in a clinical outpatient setting..doctor’s offices where there is a lab and x-ray department, secretaries, nurses and administration …this refers to a provider based hospital clinic, if that makes a difference. Again, where does it say employers can make it mandatory or wear a mask for employment?

    Secondly, why not require that all patients coming into the facility show proof of having had the flu shot…Rhetorical question of course…

    I do agree somewhere in all this money is going from the pharmaceutical industry to the hands of the people making these decisions in Washington….

    Is’nt it a HIPAA violation that I would have to get the flu shot and a sticker on my badge stating if I took the flu shot or not?
    What about other vaccines or contagious illnesses.Are those health care workers going to have it stated on their badge what they are positive for?

    I totally agree with David, people should not be forced to do anything and put anything into their body. It is a free country. And how about the people that had the flu vaccine and is getting the flu anyway, and walking around with it in the hospital.

    Concerns raised
    1. What about patients that don’t take the flu vaccine and are in our Hospital? Are we isolating them from the other patients…No.

    2. What about visitors that come to our hospital we are not asking them for their vaccine status? Vendors?

    3. What about Physicians that come to our hospital and meet face-to-face with their patients we are not asking them for their flu vaccine status

    4. What about the side effects of mask-wearing to the healthcare worker for extended periods of time?

    5. Isn’t the basis for the flu mandate for healthcare workers, found in Obamacare that states certain reimbursement will be made by percentage of healthcare workers that have the flu shot?. Once again the travesty called Obamacare has placed on healthcare workers demands that are ridiculous just as the premiums and you won’t lose your doctor was.

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    nach oben Wie infiziert man sich und wie lange ist man ansteckend?

    Die Grippeviren sind nur wenige Tausendstel Millimeter groß. Sie befallen Schleimhautzellen, zum Beispiel in der Nase, und vermehren sich dort. Menschen stecken sich mit Grippe meist durch Tröpfcheninfektion an. Das kann beispielsweise geschehen, wenn eine erkrankte Person niest und andere die Tröpfchen einatmen. Influenza-Viren können bis zu mehrere Stunden außerhalb des Körpers überleben, bei niedrigen Temperaturen sogar noch länger. Kommen die Hände in Kontakt mit Gegenständen, auf denen sich virushaltige Sekrete befinden (zum Beispiel Türklinken) und fasst man sich anschließend damit an die Nase oder andere Schleimhäute, ist eine Infektion ebenfalls möglich.

    Erkrankte sind ab dem Auftreten der ersten Symptome für ungefähr fünf bis sieben Tage ansteckend. Manchmal sind Betroffene sogar schon vor dem Auftreten der ersten Krankheitszeichen oder länger als eine Woche infektös.

    Es gibt eine Reihe von Faktoren, die eine Erkrankung an Grippe und vor allem Komplikationen begünstigen. So zum Beispiel:

    • Schwangerschaft
    • Diabetes und andere Stoffwechselkrankheiten
    • Tumorerkrankungen
    • Alter von über 65 Jahren, hier reagiert das Immunsystem nicht mehr so gut auf neue Erreger
    • Alter von weniger als einem Jahr, hier ist das Immunsystem noch unreif und reagiert nicht so effektiv
    • Chronische Lungenerkrankungen wie Asthma, Lungenemphysem, chronische Bronchitis, Mukoviszidose
    • Chronische Herzkrankheiten
    • HIV-Erkrankung
    • Unterdrückung des Immunsystems im Zuge einer medizinischen Behandlung
    • Unterernährung

    Eine Grippe sollte man ernst nehmen

    Oft realisiert man gar nicht, dass man eine Grippe hat: In 80 Prozent der Fälle verläuft die Infektion mit Influenza unbemerkt oder nur wie eine leichte Erkältung. Jährlich sind nach Schätzungen der Weltgesundheitsorganisation (WHO) 10 bis 20 Prozent der Weltbevölkerung betroffen, aber die Mehrheit davon bekommt das nicht mit.

    Ist eine Grippe immer lebensgefährlich?

    Influenza kann lebensgefährlich sein, etwa im Rahmen einer Seuche durch einen neuartigen Virustyp, der besonders aggressiv ist. Das kommt aber nur sehr selten vor.

    Harmlose Erkältungskrankheiten, oft als "grippaler Infekt" bezeichnet, können ähnliche Symptome wie eine Grippe verursachen: Husten, eine erhöhte Körpertemperatur oder Kopfschmerzen können zum Beispiel auch hier auftreten. Diese von anderen Viren ausgelösten Infektionen unterscheiden sich von Influenza durch die Schwere des Verlaufs: Sie gehen nur selten mit Fieber einher und führen in der Regel nur zu einer kurzzeitigen Abgeschlagenheit, die lediglich etwas Schonung bedarf.

    Körperliche Schonung und Bettruhe sind wichtig, damit die Grippe schnell ausheilt.

    So wirken Neuraminidasehemmer

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    Tan and Manoukian reported that 500 children were hospitalized for croup at one pediatric hospital over a 32-month period. [6] Approximately 98% had viral croup, and 2% had bacterial tracheitis. Cases usually occur in the fall or winter months, mimicking the epidemiology of viral croup.

    A study that described the frequency and severity of complications in hospitalized children younger than 18 years with seasonal influenza (during 2003-2009) and 2009 pandemic influenza A(H1N1) (during 2009-2010) reported that out of 7293 children hospitalized with influenza, less than 2% had complications from tracheitis. However, along with other rare complications, tracheitis was associated with a median hospitalization duration of more than 6 days, with 48%-70% of children requiring intensive care. [7]

    International

    According to a recent study, bacterial tracheitis remains a rare condition, with an estimated incidence of approximately 0.1 cases per 100,000 children per year. [8]

    The predominant morbidity and mortality is related to the potential for acute upper airway obstruction and induced hypoxic insults. The mortality rate has been estimated at 4-20%. In the acute phase, patients generally do well if the airway is adequately managed and if antibiotic therapy is promptly initiated.

    In most epidemiologic studies, male cases are preponderant. Gallagher et al reported a male-to-female predominance of 2:1. [9]

    Bacterial tracheitis may occur in any pediatric age group. Gallagher et al reported 161 cases of patients younger than 16 years. [9] The age range was from 3 weeks to 16 years, with a mean age of 4 years. This is in contrast to viral laryngotracheobronchitis, which occurs in patients aged 6 months to 3 years.

    Q. I have found that elderberry extract really helps against the common cold. If I start taking it soon enough I can keep the cold from getting a foothold.

    A. German researchers have found that a standardized elderberry extract is active against bacteria and viruses that cause upper respiratory tract infections (BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, Feb. 25, 2011). Although the preliminary research is promising, more clinical studies are needed (Phytotherapy Research, Jan. 2010).

    You will find more information on elderberry in our Herb Library. We have been known to collect and dry the flowers in the summer to use in winter as a soothing tea when we suffer from a cough or a cold. Elderberry extract is also available commercially in several herbal remedy products such as Sambucol or Zand. You can learn about other herbal remedies for colds in our Guide to Colds, Coughs & the Flu.

    Download 8 pages of natural approaches to treating colds, including zinc, vitamin C and herbs. Recipes for ginger tea, hot toddies and a powerful chicken soup.

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    Can you share the recipe for the elderberry wine or not? sounds great? I have used elderberry extract for 7 years and have not had the flu at all! It really does help with upper respiratory and allergies etc. even in the summer. Its just great!

    I came down with a cold recently and it’s gone now except for chest congestion and a runny nose. I tried everything I could find to get rid of it online and nothing helped to loosen it even a little. I also bought an off brand of mucinex and it didn’t help whatsoever. Then my aunt gave me some mullein leaves and elderberry syrup and for the first time I was actually able to get rid of some of it! It’s amazing. Natural is not only better but sometimes it’s the only thing that works!

    I am convinced of the effectiveness of elderberry extract (liquid). I have a long history of colds lingering for up to three weeks, with bronchitis and/or sinus infections further complications. I’ve been taking elderberry at the first sign of a cold: two tablespoons twice a day. Today I’m on the third day of a cold and feel it’s almost gone. Day 1 was a sore throat. Day 2 was chest congestion. I slept most of Day 2 and awoke today with very few symptoms.

    I take elderberry syrup, and sometimes the capsule. Can’t tell which is better. They both work if taken with the first sneezes and runny nose. I love the taste of the syrup. I Also take andrographis, astralagus and echinacea. Why these remedies work, I haven’t a clue. But double-blind studies have been done on them. All I know is they have to be from a very reputable herb company or they may not be efficacious.
    I have stopped many a virus trying to make in-roads into my respiratory system. The trick is not to take these immune boosters unless you feel symptoms or have been severely stressed,i.e. lack of sleep several nights… Take everyday and the body will adjust to them being on board and they will no longer work as well.

    Back in the 40’s and 50’s my Father made Elderberry wine and jelly. If we felt a chill or cold coming on we children were put to bed and given a couple tablespoons of warm elderberry wine which gave us a nice good nights sleep and by morning were healed. Parents did same. Rather health family now I know why.