Treatment of infections can be through several different strategies.
Prevention of infections is difficult, if not impossible, if the intent is to avoid all possible sources of infection.
The cheapest, easiest, and most globally effective method for infection prevention is good hygiene.
Washing your hands frequently is perhaps the single most important measure to avoid more personal infections, and avoid transmission of harmful microorganisms to others.
Vaccination is another powerful method in avoiding infections. Vaccination programs have been effective in reducing many viral and bacterial microorganisms to the history books.
What are the Symptoms of Mono?
Are you are looking for information related to mono symptoms, what are the symptoms of mono, symptoms of mononucleosis, mononucleosis symptoms or kissing disease then read on…
What is Mononucleosis?
Infectious Mononucleosis also known as Mono or Glandular Fever or “the kissing disease“, is a severe infection caused by Epstein Barr virus.
This cruel disease is commonly found in children as well as in young adults.
Is Mononucleosis Contagious?
Mono is a contagious disease and can easily be transmitted from an individual to another.
Moreover, the Epstein Barr virus has no noticeable symptoms and so it cannot be detected earlier and is considered as a common cold. This increases the development of mononucleosis and leads to various health related problems. Living under the threat of mononucleosis is really disgusting and miserable because the Epstein Barr virus has the ability to develop lifelong process in the human body. A person suffering from chronic mononucleosis only knows how devastating this disease is.
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Richard Wenzel: Most of the time influenza is spread from person to person by large respiratory droplets. Sometimes, the virus contaminates the environment and hand contact with the environment and subsequent touching of the nose or eye can lead to infection. I also think that uncommonly this virus can be spread by the airborne route: tiny droplets that stay airborne and do not fall to the ground quickly like the large respiratory droplets.
Richard Wenzel: Thanks very much for the questions.
These are known as the classic "flu-like" symptoms and are not unlike the symptoms of other illnesses such as malaria. Indeed many people have mistaken the onset of malaria for a bout of flu and have not taken appropriate action with sometimes serious consequences.
- Drink plenty of fluids
- Avoid drinking alcohol and smoking tobacco
- Take medication to relieve the symptoms
It is passed from person to person by droplet transmission, usually by breathing in diphtheria bacteria after an infected person has coughed, sneezed or even laughed. It can also be spread by handling used tissues or by drinking from a glass used by an infected person.
In tropical countries the infection may occur as skin ulcers and is known as cutaneous diphtheria which presents as infected skin lesions which lack a characteristic appearance.
After two to six weeks, the effects of toxins produced by the bacteria become apparent with severe muscle weakness, mainly affecting the muscles of the head and neck. Inflammation of the heart muscle may cause heart failure. Myocarditis, polyneuritis, and airway obstruction are common complications of respiratory diphtheria; death occurs in 5%-10% of respiratory cases.
Transmission is usually by direct person to person contact. Avoid very close contact with infected people particularly kissing and sharing bottles or glasses. It spreads quickly amongst infected people in crowded places. Cutaneous lesions are also important in transmission.
Diphtheria remains endemic in developing countries and the countries of the former Soviet Union have reported an epidemic which began in 1990.
Treatment: is specialised and requires medical supervision in hospital where Diphtheria antitoxin is given as an intramuscular or intravenous injection as soon as possible. The infection is then treated with antibiotics, such as penicillin or erythromycin.
Prevention: There is a vaccine for diphtheria. Most people in the UK receive their first dose as a child in the form of a combined vaccine called DTP (diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis).
Immunisation: is very effective but protective immunity is not present longer than 10 years after the last vaccination, so it is important for adults at risk to get a booster of tetanus-diptheria (Td) vaccine every 10 years.
TB is much more common in some parts of the world than in the UK. The risk to travellers is limited since transmission of the disease usually requires prolonged close contact. Sometimes the disease can be overwhelming; producing meningitis and coma; this particularly dangerous form is usually found in children and those who have not previously been vaccinated or exposed to the disease. Recently, antibiotic-resistant strains of tuberculosis have appeared.
Believe in yourself ladies, find an ob/gyn who offers saliva testing. Blood testing will do, but it is not as sensitive or as accurate. Never take synthetic hormones such as birth control. Bioidentical creams or pills are an exact replica of what the body makes, and this is the only way to heal the problem. Good luck to all, and God bless you.
36) It is always the same answer: "go see the doctor, ask the doctor." I do not think they are educated enough or do not want to be to help with balancing hormones. It seems that, at least with my experience, they are more interested in doing the surgery than recommend any over the counter progesterone creams, since the surgery gives them more money.
When I went to my female doctor, she checked my hormones (not on certain days), but my low progesterone did not bother her. She wanted to run more expensive and involved tests. I asked her if she planned to help me with my symptoms (which were all indicating low progesterone and explained by fibroid that I have). She just wanted more tests. Based on those, the only solutions on her list were different types of surgery.
I looked online and decided to just give natural progesterone cream a try. All of my problems are gone or almost gone. It would be very nice if any doctor could educate me on that and keep an eye on the level of my progesterone (which I do not even know since it was not checked properly), but I am doing the best I can.
Shame on you doctors. Educate yourselves to help people. That is your job! You are the ones who are supposed to educate women on all of our options, not chat blogs on internet.
By the way, I changed the doctor for a male and he is more open minded about progesterone cream, but let me experiment with the amount of it myself.
35) Update from anon303795, post 34: It has been less than two weeks since I wrote my original post, so I will update.
I started taking 1000 mg of calcium, 4,000 mg of vitamin D, 500 mg. of magnesium, one Indole Forte, and half an Iodoralm plus daily probiotics. I have to say, I immediately started feeling less body, muscle and bone pain! I sleep better also. Along with these vitamins, I still take my synthroid in the morning for my thyroid, one melatonin at night to help with sleep, and I also take one amitriptyline (20 mg antidepressant) at night. These, I have taken for a few years now. The vitamins are newly added and in higher doses, and I feel so much better!
I still have two other vitamins to start taking, which are methyl balance and ProEPA for my inherited MTHFR gene mutation, but I cannot start these until after I finish the radiation therapy for breast cancer. I have 3 more weeks. But I just want to stress to all reading this post to find yourself a good doctor who is willing to test all levels of everything in your body and go over each individually. Once you get results from that, you can find what supplements/vitamins/minerals your body needs and get the proper doses to help alleviate some of the pain and misery we woman deal with on a daily basis.
I also plan to start working on my hormonal imbalance with bioidentical hormones with this holistic doctor in a few weeks, again, once the breast cancer process is completed.
I'm sure once I get that balanced, I will feel even better! I'm still irritated that I have to pay for all this out of my pocket when I have worked for a major corporation for 28 years and paid into full medical benefits for that long. But again, insurance feels that traditional medicine is the answer for everyone, when in fact, I have full proof, based on the years of misery I have suffered, that it does not work for me and that if I just had one of the 15 different traditional doctors I visited, recommend to me to increase vitamins/supplements/hormones, and test me on these levels, I would not have suffered for years in pain and may not have had a lot of the surgeries/breast cancer, that I have had to battle!
34) I just recently found out that my progesterone did not even register on the chart, it was so low! I have been going to doctors (9 of them total) for 15 years to try and get help. I found I had low thyroid 16 years ago and went on Synthroid. I also had horrible periods since age 13 when I started. I was put on birth control at age 16 to help regulate my cycle and help with the cramps and clotting. I was on birth control, on and off, for about 20 years.
I managed to get pregnant with my first child very easily. I did not go back on birth control after and it took me five years to gget pregnant with my second child and I had to take fertility drugs (clomid). At age 40, I stopped all birth control because I was tired of feeling horrible almost my entire adult life. I was diagnosed with Fibromyalgia and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome a few years ago.
I am 48 years old now. I cannot remember when I last had a solid night of sleep, my body is in constant pain from head to toe and I have IBS. I have gained/lost up to 30-50 pounds over the years with dieting, but seem to always gain the weight back. I have had horrible brain fog and on some days I feel like a zombie just walking or driving the earth! It's been hell!
I had a hysterectomy five years ago because I had a cyst as big as a grapefruit on my ovary. I still have one ovary left. Last August, I was diagnosed with breast cancer and I am currently going through radiation treatments for that. I did find my lump early on and it had not spread to the lymph nodes but I still had surgery to remove the tumor and now radiation. Chemo was not necessary since I caught it early on.
I recently found a female doctor who is more into the natural approach of treating the female body. She took nine tubes of blood from me and also had me collect my urine and bowel for 24 hours to send off for testing. I found out my estrogen is low and my testosterone did not even register, it was so low. I also found out that I am vitamin D deficient, calcium deficient, magnesium deficient, and that I have inherited a mutation gene from my parents for MTHFR, which is a lack of folate that can cause coronary heart disease/heart attack and stroke! She put me on a vitamin called Methyl Balance that she said I should stay on for life and said my sons should have blood work done to see if they have inherited the gene also.
I also found out that my T4 for thyroid is not producing T3, and you need both to balance your thyroid levels. I will work to balance my hormones later, after I finish my breast cancer treatment. I truly believe is what caused me to get breast cancer in the first place: I am estrogen positive, and I believe it caused the cyst that led me to hysterectomy. I also believe this is why I had difficulty getting pregnant with my second child and probably the cause many years ago of irregular and painful periods.
I have been to nine different doctors over the last 15 years and no other doctor has been able, nor has taken the time, to help me. I have about 15 different bottles of prescription drugs that were prescribed to me but I have taken hardly any of them, or I would try them and find the side effects were worse than the illness. Unfortunately, my insurance does not cover the holistic MD I found, I have worked for the same employer for 28 years paying for medical insurance, and when I finally found a doctor who could help me, they will not pay for her, or for all the vitamins she has prescribed for me. This is frustrating and does not make sense!
33) I had many of the symptoms everyone here has mentioned and can't finish my degree due to all of this. My symptoms began five years ago and I'm now 49.
At the insistence of my chiropractor, I sought help from a functional medicine DO. Has been a tremendous help. My progesterone is 17, and I have low thyroid and adrenals, plus I'm not absorbing vitamins and nutrients.
The Symptoms And Treatment
Of Canine Diabetes Explained
If You Love Your Dog And Are Worried Canine Diabetes Might Shorten His Or
Her Life — Relax, Help Is At Hand.
We can help if you have a problem feeding
your diabetic dog, need accurate information,
or want to save money on treatment.
When your dog is first diagnosed, Vets will often offer good advice on the initial treatment but be aware that much of this advice is quoted from textbooks and very few Vets have experience of treating a diabetic dog in a home environment.
Whilst there is no outright cure to diabetes in dogs, it can be controlled and our helpful guide give lots of useful information to help you and your pet to lead a near normal life.
There are three forms of canine diabetes, all of which display very similar symptoms, the most noticeable being:
- Your dog has increased urination.
- Your dog drinks frequently / excessively.
- Your dog begins to lose weight.
- Your dog is often tired, lethargic or sleeps more often.
Note that these symptoms are not exclusive to diabetes, but they are often the earliest signs detectable by owners.
The increased urination is due to excess glucose which the animal is unable to process normally and so tries to get rid of by urinating. This frequent urination causes greater thirst, thus the animal must drink more frequently to replace the lost fluids.
If the body cannot gain sufficient energy from the food consumed, it will burn stored fat resulting in a loss of body weight and ketones to become present.
Weight loss in a diabetic dog which eats normally or even one with an increased appetite is not uncommon. Ketones levels in the bloodstream can be tested and treatment, usually dietary, administered. If left untreated this can lead to ketoacidosis which in serious cases can become an emergency condition leading to coma and even death.
Tired or Lethargic
Normally active dogs which suddenly show signs of tiredness, no energy and take to sleeping a lot require urgent attention. An appointment should be made with your Vet ASAP to either prove or discount the possibility of diabetes.
There are three forms of Diabetes in dogs. They are Diabetes Mellitus, Diabetes Insipidus and Gestational Diabetes. Although all three types of Diabetes occur, Diabetes Mellitus is by far the most common. The use of insulin and prescribed food is often the only method available to enable effective control of your dog's diabetes once the disease has taken hold.
This is an abnormal increase in urine output, fluid intake and often thirst. It causes symptoms such as urinary frequency because the urine output is not concentrated normally and instead of being a yellow color, the urine is pale, colorless or watery in appearance and the measured concentration (osmolality or specific gravity) is low.
Diabetes Insipidus resembles diabetes mellitus because the symptoms of both diseases are increased urination and thirst. However, in every other respect, including the causes and treatment, the diseases are completely unrelated.
Diabetes Mellitus in dogs.
Insulin is produced by the pancreas and helps regulate blood concentrations of glucose. Diabetes Mellitus is a disorder where their bodies are deficient in the production of insulin or unable to use the insulin produced effectively. The symptoms become worse as the disease progresses so the sooner it is diagnosed the better to avoid complications.
The Symptoms of Diabetes Mellitus in dogs.
High blood sugar levels (hyperglycemia) develop because the animal’s body is unable to break down and use glucose properly. This inability causes sugar to appear in the urine (glucosuria) that in turn causes an excessive amount of urination (polyuria). To compensate for the increase in urination the dog must drink an excessive amount (polydipsia).
This occurs only in female dogs during pregnancy when her body does not produce enough insulin or cannot use the insulin it produces correctly. Gestational diabetes has the same symptoms as Diabetes Mellitus and is treated similarly with diet control and sometimes with insulin injections.
The most obvious symptom is that of a normally well house-trained dog urinating in the home for no apparent reason. Sometimes this can be confused with incontinence, particularly with elderly dogs, but there are other conditions, such as a bladder infection, which can display the same symptoms.
A relatively simple blood test is required to give an accurate diagnosis. Although the same equipment used for human diabetes blood-sugar checking can also suffice, if the tests confirm diabetes a diabetes management program will be required right away.
The Canine Diabetes Management Guide is an electronic book available
for Windows, Mac, Linux, Kindle, iPhone and iPad.