No more effective than observation

Cochrane review of seven RCTs14

No more effective than placebo for reducing duration or severity of cold symptoms

RCT = randomized controlled trial.

Information from references 7, 11, 14, and 23 through 28.

Therapies Not Effective for the Common Cold in Adults

Cochrane review of nine RCTs7

No difference in symptoms or purulent rhinitis compared with placebo

Antihistamine monotherapy (sedating and nonsedating)

Cochrane review of three RCTs11

No more effective than placebo

Cochrane review of 32 RCTs23

No more effective than placebo

Cochrane review of two RCTs11

No more effective than placebo for cough

American College of Chest Physicians24

RCT with viral challenge25

No more effective than placebo for cold symptoms

No more effective than placebo

Nasal irrigation with hypertonic or normal saline

No more effective than observation

Cochrane review of seven RCTs14

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Elemental iodine is a poison and it can be lethal when given in large amounts. 2 – 3 grams of iodine is enough to kill an adult. Even when applied externally on the skin, elemental iodine is still toxic. It can cause extensive tissue damage if the exposure is prolonged.

Because iodine is an oxidizing agent, it can damage the skin when it comes in contact. If the contact is short, it may merely irritate and inflame the skin but extended contact can cause skin lesions.

Gaseous iodine is also an irritant. When exposed to iodine vapor, all mucosal surfaces including those of the eyes and respiratory tract will be irritated.

Besides elemental iodine, iodide ion is also toxic.

When the level of iodide rises above the normal range, it causes symptoms resembling those of iodine deficiency. For example, goiter (which is formed when the thyroid gland is inflamed) can be caused by excess iodide as well as iodine deficiency.

The toxicities of iodine and iodide ion are the reasons why the body keeps only a trace amount of this element.

However, even this very small amount can cause sensitivity reactions in some people. Although iodine sensitivity is rare, it can still cause hives, rash and anaphylactic shock in affected individuals.

Iodine is supplied in foods and supplements as the iodide ions and it gets into the blood in this form.

The thyroid gland takes up iodide ions from the blood and uses them to manufacture thyroid hormones (T3 and T4) which are then released back into the body.

In a simple, well-structured system of control, the syntheses of T3 and T4 are controlled by another hormone (TSH or thyroid-stimulating hormone) released from the pituitary gland which itself is under the control of a fourth hormone (TRH or thyrotropin-releasing hormone) released from the hypothalamus.

T3 is the more active of the two thyroid hormones and, in most cases, T4 serves only as a precursor to T3. However, 90% of the hormones released from the thyroid gland is T4.

The conversion of T4 to T3 depends on a group of enzymes that needs selenium. Therefore, selenium supplementation may be added to iodine to improve thyroid function.

However, these selenium-dependent enzymes are also responsible for the conversion of T4 to reverse T3 and the conversion of T3 to T2 (diiodothyronine). While most experts once believed that both T2 and reverse T3 are inactive, new evidence suggests that reverse T3 is actually an anti-thyroid hormone that blocks T3.

The thyroid hormones (but mostly T3) act at the genetic level to regulate the basal metabolic rate.

When the production of these hormones slow down considerably, the resting metabolic rate of the body can reduce by as much as 50%. However, when these hormones are released in excess, the rate of metabolism can double.

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However, when the “not good” bacteria invades, these misery creators rapidly reproduce, many producing powerful chemicals (toxins) that damage tissue cells at the site of their invasion, and that’s what makes you ill.

Some examples of the sickness these bacterial invaders cause are:

A virus is a capsule containing genetic material, even smaller than bacteria. The main mission of a virus is to reproduce. However, viruses need a suitable host to multiply, unlike bacteria.

So what a virus does in its invasion, is it takes over some of your cells and instructs these overtaken cells to make what it needs for reproduction. These host cells are then destroyed in the process.

Examples of these viral illnesses are:

Molds, yeasts and mushrooms are all types of fungi. They can live in your body, usually without harm and some offer benefits.

For example, penicillin is derived from fungi, and this “life saving” antibiotic kills harmful bacteria. Fungi are also required to make certain foods, such as bread, cheese and yogurt.

Other fungi aren’t as beneficial and can cause illness. Examples are:

You can prevent infection through regular hand washing, vaccinations and, in some situations, appropriate medications. Also, healthy diet, exercise and rest helps keep your immune system charged up and ready for battle.

Seek medical attention when infection is suspected and you experience:

  • a bite
  • swelling
  • 100.4 F or higher
  • persistent vomiting
  • breathing difficulties
  • over a week long cough
  • rapid heartbeat episodes
  • severe and unusual headache
  • a rash accompanied by a fever
  • blurred or other vision difficulties

Prevent the preventable by keeping your body’s front line immune system in shape to defend bacteria, virus or fungus invasions.

Eine Influenza Erkrankung ist keine Seltenheit im Winter und Frühjahr - zwischen zwei und zehn Millionen Menschen erkranken pro Jahr im Schnitt an der Grippe. Was eine echte Grippe überhaupt ist, wodurch Sie verursacht wird, die Symptome sowie Schutzmaßnahmen werden in unserem Ratgeber für Sie erklärt.

Die Influenza, auch Grippe genannt, ist eine akut auftretende, hoch ansteckende Infektionskrankheit, die durch Influenzaviren verursacht wird. Der größte Unterschied zwischen einer Erkältung (grippaler Infekt), welche uns Menschen im Schnitt zwei- bis dreimal im Jahr trifft, und einer Influenza sind die Viren. Eine Influenza, zu deutsch Grippe, kann nur durch die sogenannten Influenza-Viren ausgelöst werden. Eine Erkältung hingegen kann von bis zu 200 verschiedenen Viren hervorgerufen werden. Auch in ihrer Intensität und Dauer unterscheiden sich Erkältung und Grippe deutlich. Die Erkältung kommt schleichend und dauert in der Regel neun Tage (3 Tage kommt sie, 3 Tage bleibt sie, 3 Tage geht sie), wohingegen die Grippe bis zu zwei Wochen mit Symptomen präsent sein kann.

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Often a pregnant cat will abort the kittens if infected with Feline Herpes Virus. If the kittens are born it is almost certain that they will catch the infection from the mother.

Cat Flu: What are the signs? The most common symptoms of Feline Calicivirus (FCV)

The Mouth and Tongue:

The most common symptom of Feline Calicivirus is ulceration of the mouth and tongue, palate, lips and sometimes the tip of the nose. The gums can also be affected by gingivitis.

Drooling can occur depending on the severity of the mouth ulcers.

The Nose and Eyes:

The calicivirus causes cold like symptoms which result in runny nose and eyes. The infection can affect the membranes of the eye but does not cause eye ulcers.

Fever and Depression:

The cat may or may not have a fever. Loss of appetite may occur but it is more common that the cat finds it too painful to eat because of the mouth ulcers. The infection becomes more serious when secondary bacterial infections like pneumonia invade.

Joint pain can occur and you may notice your cat limping. FCV has been reported to cause a limping syndrome. The limping can affect first one leg and then another.

There are several strains of the calicivirus and one of those strains causes ulcers in the paws.

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Ascension changes are occuring on all levels of your being.

During the ascension process changes are occuring on all levels of your being. Ascension is a completely natural universal evolutionary process. As one shifts in vibrational frequency and as their awareness expands, symptoms are experienced on the physical, mental, emotional and spiritual level. Your system is rebooting, being 'tuned up' or upgraded. Old patterns begin to fall away as one starts to embody much more light.

As one moves through the Ascension process there may be periods where the energy and symptoms become much more intense for several days or weeks at a time; then suddenly these symptoms may abruptly cease altogether for awhile, or symptoms may suddenly change or shift in intensity or frequency. The ascension experience is different for everyone and symptoms can vary according to one's individual degree of awareness, personal vibration, spiritual practice and even individual purpose on the planet.

Remember that not all of these symptoms may be due to the ascension process. Please follow your own inner guidance and consult a health care professional as needed. If you are experiencing a majority of these symptoms it is a good indication that you are experiencing the ascension process more fully or at an accelerated rate. For treating ascension symptoms, more holistic healing methods and natural remedies are always encouraged alongside any other necessary treatment and for overall long term health and healing benefits.

Are You a Spiritual Seeker Who’s Frustrated That You’re Feeling Blocked and Stuck? Out With the Old, In With the New


Ascension is an entirely natural evolutionary process at work in the universe.

The Trials of Purification - Meeting the Challenge of Spiritual Growth

Even where symptoms express themselves physically as part of the purification process, the underlying cause is still a need for the healing of one's consciousness, and this need can also increase in intensity, manifesting physical symptoms that are stronger than they were before.

Surviving the Physical Aches and Pains of Ascension

"You deserve so much more than what these small particles of fear want for you. You deserve to become one again, one with your spirit, one with All of creation, so do not be stopped in your tracks by these annyoing little speed bumps trying to set you off course. For the future is ever so much brighter than what these voices try to tell you. So keep breathing, and keep going, and know that you are not falling short in any way, even if you feel despair seeping in from all directions. " Surviving the Physical Aches and Pains of Ascension

Ricarda Schwarz studierte Medizin in Würzburg, wo sie auch ihre Promotion abschloss. Nach sehr vielseitigen Aufgaben in der medizinischen praktischen Ausbildung (PJ) in Flensburg, Hamburg und Neuseeland ist sie nun in der Neuroradiologie und Radiologie der Uniklinik Tübingen tätig.

Dieser Text entspricht den Vorgaben der ärztlichen Fachliteratur, medizinischen Leitlinien sowie aktuellen Studien und wurde von Medizinern geprüft.

Die Grippe (Influenza) ist eine schwere Atemwegserkrankung, die durch Viren hervorgerufen wird. Grippe ist sehr ansteckend. Besonders in den Wintermonaten erkranken viele Menschen. Oft wird aber eine einfache Erkältung als Grippe verkannt, obwohl die Unterschiede sehr groß sind. Lesen Sie hier, welche Symptome für eine Grippe typisch sind und wie Sie sich schützen können!

  • Symptome: plötzlich einsetzendes Fieber mit Schüttelfrost, Knochenschmerzen, Reizhusten, Halsschmerzen, Kopfschmerzen, manchmal Magen-Darm-Beschwerden
  • Ansteckung: über feinste Tröpfchen in der Atemluft, Berührung von kontaminierten Gegenständen und Flächen
  • Erreger: Influenza-A- und B-Viren, die sich schnell verändern können (daher kein bleibender Immunschutz)
  • Vorbeugung: Impfung (für Risikogruppen), Kontakt mit Infizierten meiden, regelmäßiges Händewaschen
  • Behandlung: nur symptomatisch mit Schmerz- und Fiebermedikamenten (Ibuprofen, Paracetamol), Bettruhe, viel trinken
  • Komplikationen:Lungenentzündung, Nasennebenhöhlenentzündung, Mittelohrentzündung, Herzmuskelentzündung, Hirnhautentzündung (Meningitis)

Wer mit Husten, Schnupfen und Fieber im Bett liegt, fragt sich häufig, ob ihn eine Grippe oder eine Erkältung (grippaler Infekt) plagt. Das wichtigste Unterscheidungskriterium: Während es einem bei einer Erkältung langsam schlechter geht, überfällt einen die Grippe schlagartig.

Grippe oder Erkältung? Die wichtigsten Unterschiede

Grippe

"Erkältung" (grippaler Infekt)

plötzliches Fieber von mindestens 38,5°C

langsam ansteigendes oder gar kein Fieber

Fieber meist länger als drei Tage anhaltend

Fieber häufig nur kurzzeitig

leichtes bis mittelschweres Krankheitsgefühl

häufig Übelkeit, Erbrechen, Durchfall

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La majorité des cas signalés antérieurement de personnes ayant contracté la grippe H1N1 ont pu se remettre complètement sans recourir à des soins médicaux ni à des médicaments antiviraux. Cependant, l'incidence des éclosions nous renseignent que le traitement à l'aide d'antiviraux pourrait être nécessaire, surtout pour les personnes qui présentent des symptômes modérés ou graves et celles qui risquent de subir des complications de la grippe (par ex. les personnes qui ont des troubles médicaux sous-jacents).

Pour les personnes atteintes, améliorez votre état et prévenez la propagation du virus en prenant les précautions suivantes:

  • demeurez à la maison si vous avez contracté le virus. Ne vous rendez pas au travail ni à l'école;
  • gardez au moins 1 mètre de distance entre les autres personnes;
  • reposez-vous et buvez beaucoup de liquide;
  • couvrez-vous la bouche et le nez avec un papier-mouchoir lorsque vous toussez ou éternuez. Jetez-le ensuite à la poubelle. Si vous n'avez pas de papier-mouchoir à votre portée, couvrez-vous le nez et la bouche avec votre manche ou vos mains. Lavez soigneusement vos mains par la suite;
  • lavez-vous les mains régulièrement avec du savon et de l'eau. Prenez soin de laver vos mains avec du savon pendant au moins 15 secondes. Utilisez un désinfectant pour les mains à base d'alcool si vous n'avez pas accès au savon ni à l'eau.

Il existe des façons de vous protéger contre le virus de la grippe H1N1. Recevoir le vaccin contre l'influenza juste avant la saison annuelle de la grippe (en général de novembre à avril en Amérique du Nord) représente de beaucoup la mesure de prévention la plus efficace. Les personnes qui séjournent dans des régions où il y a une éclosion du virus doivent prendre des précautions particulières pour réduire leur risque d'exposition au virus de la grippe H1N1. Voici quelques conseils pour prévenir la grippe:

  • évitez le contact étroit avec des personnes infectées et qui présentent des symptômes de grippe H1N1 (par ex. de la fièvre, une toux);
  • lavez-vous fréquemment et soigneusement les mains avec du savon et de l'eau. Pour pratiquer un bon nettoyage, vous devez vous laver les mains avec du savon et frotter pendant au moins 15 secondes. Utilisez un désinfectant à base d'alcool si vous ne pouvez pas vous laver les mains.

*Tous les médicaments ont à la fois une dénomination commune (un nom générique) et un nom de marque ou marque. La marque est l'appellation qu'un fabricant choisit pour son produit (par ex. Tylenol®). Le nom générique est le nom du médicament en médecine (par ex. l'acétaminophène). Un médicament peut porter plusieurs noms de marque, mais il ne possède qu'un seul nom générique. Cet article répertorie les médicaments par leur nom générique. Pour obtenir des renseignements sur un médicament donné, consultez notre base de données sur les médicaments. Pour de plus amples renseignements sur les noms de marque, consultez votre médecin ou un pharmacien.

One of my most frequently googled phrases during my pre-TTC and TTC days was “early pregnancy symptoms.” It’s nearly impossible to not symptom spot, and we all just want to have a tiny peek inside to know if our body is making a baby or not. With that in mind and acknowledging that no two people or two pregnancies are the same, I thought I would share my early, early pregnancy symptoms.

Intuition: Not Pregnant

1 DPO – No symptoms

2 DPO – No symptoms

3 DPO – Bloated, tired, & headache

4 DPO – Diarrhea (TMI- sorry), headache, & heartburn

5 DPO – Bloated, cramps, & tired

7 DPO – no symptoms

8 DPO – no symptoms

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The good news is you’ve come to the right place. We’re here to help guide you — with all of the tools and support you’ll need — every step of the way.

Over 30 million Americans have eczema

  • Understand the differences between eczema and atopic dermatitis
  • Learn about the most common eczema causes and triggers – like allergens and stress
  • Get tips on how to control your eczema with daily bathing and moisturizing
  • Learn more about what makes one moisturizer more effective than another

Sign up to get all the facts about living with eczema

And you'll also get the NEA "Eczema Basics" booklets for adults and children

Eczema is the name for a group of conditions that cause the skin to become red, itchy and inflamed. There are several types of eczema: atopic dermatitis, contact dermatitis, dyshidrotic eczema, nummular eczema, seborrheic dermatitis and stasis dermatitis.

Eczema is very common. And in many cases, it’s also manageable. In fact, over 30 million Americans have some form of eczema.

Eczema flares often show up on the backs of the knees

Living with eczema can be an ongoing challenge. The word “eczema” is derived from a Greek word meaning “to boil over,” which is a good description for the red, inflamed, itchy patches that occur during flare-ups. Eczema can range from mild, moderate, to severe.

It’s most common for babies and children to develop eczema on their face (especially the cheeks and chin), but it can appear anywhere on the body and symptoms may be different from one child to the next. More often than not, eczema goes away as a child grows older, though some children will continue to experience eczema into adulthood.

Adults can develop eczema, too, even if they never had it as a child.

Eczema is not contagious. You can’t “catch it” from someone else. While the exact cause of eczema is unknown, researchers do know that people who develop eczema do so because of a combination of genes and environmental triggers. When an irritant or an allergen “switches on” the immune system, skin cells don’t behave as they should causing an eczema flare-up.

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    One reason you may get a headache as part of your head cold is the release of molecules called cytokines. These molecules are released as part of the body's immune defense against viruses and are known to cause headaches. Additionally, swelling and thick secretions accumulating in the sinus cavities may lead to headache symptoms and sinus pain.

    How do you know when you have a common head cold as opposed to a flu virus? Common cold symptoms are less serious than flu symptoms and they usually come on more slowly. You can expect a common cold to last as long as 10 days. Symptoms usually start two to three days after exposure to a cold virus — the incubation period.

    There is no cure for the common cold because viruses, unlike bacteria, do not respond to antibiotics. And unlike the flu, common colds can't be prevented because they are caused by more than 200 different viruses. So if you have a headache and other symptoms due to a common cold, all you can do is take care of yourself and wait it out.

    Head colds and chest colds are the two main types of colds, but they are caused by the same type of virus. If a cold goes down into your chest, you will probably notice a cough along with your stuffy head, headache, nasal congestion, and other symptoms. Having frequent colds does not mean you are getting different types of colds, but that you are getting exposed to different cold viruses. Summer colds are less frequent than winter colds, but they are not different types of colds.

    Cold Remedies for Headache and Other Symptoms

    There is no remedy that can make your cold go away any faster, but there are things you can do to relieve some of the symptoms, especially when you need a clear head at work:

    • Add moisture. Moistening your upper airway can help loosen secretions and can relieve pressure and congestion. You can do this with saline nasal drops, a humidifier, or by taking a hot, steamy shower. Drinking plenty of fluids helps keep your mucous thin and moving.
    • Over-the-counter pain relievers. Acetaminophen (Tylenol) will help alleviate headache, sore throat, and fever. Make sure not to use aspirin as a pain reliever for kids, as it could lead to a dangerous condition known as Reye's syndrome.
    • Decongestant nasal sprays. These sprays will open up your nasal passages but must be used with caution, because they can cause a rebound effect that makes your nose even stuffier than before. Don't use these sprays for children unless you check with your doctor first.
    • Cough and cold preparations. These over-the-counter medicines may combine decongestants, cough suppressants, mucous thinners, and pain relievers. They are mostly safe for adults, but carefully read the side effects. Those that contain antihistamines can make you drowsy and should not be used at work if you need to be alert. These medications are not recommended for children.

    If over-the-counter medications don’t help and your headaches persist, it’s time to consider other possible causes. One possibility is a sinus infection. With a sinus infection, pain is usually localized over one or more of the sinus areas in the forehead, around the eyes, and over the upper teeth. Sinus pain may get worse with movement. "A cold typically lasts for less than five days and is due to a virus," says Jordan S. Josephson, MD, a sinus specialist at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York City. "Secretions from a cold usually clear over time and do not need to be treated with an antibiotic. However, if your cold lasts more than seven days or you have increasing fever or pain, consider seeing your doctor to make sure you have not developed a sinus infection. If the mucous turns yellow or green, then an antibiotic may be needed."

    Any time a headache is the only symptom, it is not likely to be due to a cold, flu, or sinus infection. You may be experiencing a particular type of headache:

    • Tension headache or muscle contraction headache. This is the most common type of headache. Up to 75 percent of people get tension headaches. It may occur frequently, even daily. The pain is usually on both sides of the head and is often described by patients as a throbbing headache.
    • Migraine headache. Six percent of men and 18 percent of women experience migraine headaches. The pain is most often one-sided and pulsating, but can also exist all over the head. Migraine headaches usually come on gradually, reach a peak, and then slowly decrease. The pain may be more severe than tension headache pain and accompanied by visual disturbances and nausea at the onset. Migraine headaches may last from 4 to 72 hours and are often made worse by bright light and movement.
    • Cluster headache. Less common than a migraine or tension headache, cluster headaches occur in about 1 percent of the population, mostly in men. The pain is severe, one-sided (often around the eye), and can be accompanied by nasal congestion and tearing of the eye. The headache occurs in clusters, from every other day up to eight times a day for several weeks.

    When Headache Is a Symptom of a Related Condition

    In most cases headaches, sinus discomfort, and other symptoms caused by the common cold do not require a call to your doctor. While a headache is a common cold symptom, it can also signal a larger medical problem. If your headache lasts much longer than five days, is severe, or accompanied by vomiting or visual disturbances, make an appointment with your doctor right away. Know that any time a headache is the only symptom, it is not likely to be due to a cold, flu, or sinus infection.

    Here are some symptoms of related conditions that should prompt a call, especially if you’re not sure if it’s a cold or allergies or something else entirely:

    • Severe cold symptoms during pregnancy
    • Congestion that lasts more than two weeks
    • Severe headaches
    • High fever that lasts more than three days
    • Trouble breathing
    • Ear pain or ear discharge
    • Persistent nausea or vomiting
    • Influenza or cold symptoms that improve and then come back

    Mild headaches and other head cold symptoms that go along with a common cold are usually nothing to be concerned about. The average adult gets two to four colds every year. Call your doctor if you have symptoms that suggest other causes of headaches or other related conditions that may require attention.

    Bird Flu is another name for Avian Influenza (AI). There are many different strains of the bird flu virus. The strains are classified as "low pathogenicity" or "highly pathogenic". These classifications refer to the potential for the viruses to kill poultry, not infect people.

    The highly pathogenic strains (HPAI) are usually not found in the United States (US). However, in 2014 the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) confirmed HPAI in Washington state and Oregon. It is widely believed that the highly pathogenic avian influenza virus (HPAIV) subtype H5N8 arrived from Asia/Siberia into North America with migratory birds although other avenues of introduction, such as movement of infected poultry products or people traveling between Asia and North America, cannot be ruled out. Once in North America this virus mixed with low pathogenic North American influenza viruses to create novel Eurasian/North American HPAIV subtypes, H5N2 and H5N1. All three virus subtypes were first detected in British Columbia (H5N2) and in northern Washington State (H5N8, H5N2, and H5N1) in November and December, 2014.

    After intensive surveillance of hunter-harvested waterfowl in the Pacific Flyway by state and federal agencies during December, 2014, and in January, and February 2015, it was found that the H5N8 and H5N2 subtypes had become widely established in North American waterfowl within that flyway. It is likely that these waterfowl are playing some role in moving these viruses within the flyway.

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    Disclaimer: The patient-oriented information on this website is not intended to replace a consultation with a physician. The information is intended to help patients understand their symptoms and allergic diseases(s) better and make the time spent with a doctor more productive.

    Avian Flu Symptoms: How Can You Tell If You Have H5N1?

    North America's first death from the H5N1 virus, also known as avian or bird flu, was reported in Alberta today, contracted by a victim who had just returned from China. While officials have been quick to reassure Canadians that this was an isolated incident and not related to the seasonal flu, this potentially fatal illness has many wondering about the symptoms of this influenza.

    Most avian flu viruses do not infect humans, but some, like the highly pathogenic H5N1, can cause severe infections, according to the U.S. National Institutes of Health.

    When the H5N1 strain of bird flu appears in humans, it mimics a severe case of the flu, like H1N1 (swine flu). Flu.gov, the U.S. site for flu information, notes that symptoms of H5N1 in humans include:

  • Acute respiratory distress

  • Shortness of breath/difficulty breathing

    The diagnosis of H5N1 based on symptoms alone is difficult because they are so similar to other flu strains; laboratory testing is required to confirm infection, according to the the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

    The bird flu is generally spread to people through direct contact with infected birds or poultry livestock. The H5N1 virus can live in the environment for extended periods, but cannot be contracted by eating properly handled, cooked poultry or eggs, and thus far has not shown any sign of spreading easily from person to person, though that is always a likelihood, warns the CDC. As the Lung Association notes, there has been limited transmission in the case of long-term contact with sick relatives.

    Complications from the avian flu include a range of severe illnesses, including:

  • Altered mental state

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    Seniors may feel weak and sometimes disoriented without showing other symptoms.

    The flu is often confused with other respiratory infections such as the cold. To learn more, read Differences between Flu and Cold.

    Generally, the flu can be treated at home. In certain cases however, you must see a doctor.

    You should seek medical help the same day if you have flu-like symptoms and also one of the following:

    • Increasing or persistent pain when breathing
    • A rising fever, or one that has lasted for over 5 days

    If symptoms worsen or do not improve after 7 days, you should also consult a doctor the same day.

    You can find a resource near you offering medical consultation on the same or next day. To learn more or to find one of those resources, consult the Finding a Resource Offering Medical Consultation On The Same or Next Day page.

    You must go to emergency immediately if you have flu-like symptoms and also one of the following:

    • Breathing difficulty that persists or worsens
    • Blue lips
    • Intense chest pain
    • Intense headache that persists or worsens
    • Drowsiness, difficulty staying awake, weakness
    • Confusion, disorientation
    • Seizures (body stiffens and muscles contract in a jerky and involuntary manner)
    • No urination for 12 hours, excessive thirst

    If your baby is less than 3 months old and has a fever, bring him or her to emergency immediately.

    If your child has a fever and appears very sick, lacks energy and refuses to play, bring him or her to a doctor immediately, or call Info-Santé 811.

    If you require immediate help to get to emergency, call 9-1-1.

    Some situations require you to be evaluated by a nurse who can offer specific advice regarding your condition. The nurse can also assess whether or not you should see a doctor immediately.

    You should call Info-Santé 811 if you or your child are in one of the following situations:

    • You are short of breath
    • You have difficulty breathing
    • You are unsure whether or not to see a doctor

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    Herpes Simplex — This virus causes genital herpes, which are painful blisters in the genital area, or cold sores. Severe conditions are more common in the advanced stage of AIDS.

    Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) — This condition is considered the most common sexually transmitted disease (STD) in the United States. It can cause warts on the anus, cervix, esophagus, penis, urethra, vagina and vulva. Studies have shown that certain types of HPV can contribute to the development of cervical and anal cancer. Individuals with HIV and AIDS are at increased risk for developing precancerous and cancerous lesions.

    Liver Disease — Liver disease is one of the leading causes of death among AIDS patients, especially liver disease caused by the hepatitis B and hepatitis C virus. Many drugs used in the treatment of HIV and AIDS can cause liver disease or hepatitis. It is important that patients infected with hepatitis receive treatment and follow-up care.

    Coccidiomycosis — This infection is caused by inhaling an infective fungus called Coccidioides immitis, found mainly in contaminated soil in the southwestern United States, Mexico, Central America and parts of South America. The lungs are most commonly affected by this infection. In severe cases, it can involve the kidneys, lymph system, brain and spleen. Symptoms include cough, weight loss and fatigue. Meningitis is a common complication when left untreated.

    Histoplasmosis — This infection almost always involves the lungs, although other organs may be affected. The fungus that causes this condition is found in southern parts of the United States and South America. It is usually found in soil contaminated with bird droppings and must be inhaled to cause infection.

    Signs and symptoms include high fever; weight loss; respiratory complaints; an enlarged liver, spleen, or lymph nodes; depressed production of white cells, red blood cells and platelets from the bone marrow; and life-threatening, unstable, low blood pressure.

    Pneumocystis Carinii — This condition occurs when a fungus infects the lungs. Symptoms may include fever, cough, difficulty breathing, weight loss, night sweats and fatigue.

    It is most likely to occur when the CD4+ T cell count falls below 200 cells per cubic millimeter of blood. Preventative treatment may be administered when the CD4+ T cell count falls below 200 cells per cubic millimeter of blood. Treatment is usually trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, also called Septra or Bactrim, dapsone or atovoquone.

    Recurrent Pneumonia — People with AIDS are at risk for recurrent bacterial pneumonia. Bacteria can infect the lungs, which may lead to problems ranging from a mild cough to severe pneumonia. Recurrent pneumonia is most likely to occur when the CD4+ T cell count falls below 200 cells per cubic millimeter of blood.

    Tuberculosis (TB) — This is a serious, and often deadly, bacterial infection that primarily infects the lungs. TB is transmitted when a person with active TB coughs or sneezes, releasing microscopic particles into the air. If inhaled, these particles may transmit the condition.

    Once infected by TB, most people remain healthy and develop only latent infection. People with latent infection are neither sick nor infectious. However, they do have the potential to become sick and infectious with active TB. It can occur at any CD4+ T cell level but especially when the CD4+ T cell count falls below 350 cells per cubic millimeter of blood.

    Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma — Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma is a disease in which tumors develop from white blood cells in the lymphatic system. It is another common disease associated with AIDS. See AIDS-related lymphoma.

    Candidiasis — This is the most common HIV-related fungus infection. It can affect the entire body, but most commonly occurs in the mouth (thrush) or vagina. An overgrowth of yeast causes white patches on gums, tongue or lining of the mouth, pain, difficulty in swallowing and loss of appetite. Candida in the esophagus, trachea, bronchi or lungs is AIDS defining.

    Herpes Simplex — This virus causes cold sores or genital herpes, which are painful blisters in the genital area. Chronic herpes simplex virus (HSV) lesions and severe mucocutaneous HSV disease are common in the advanced stages of AIDS.