The focus should be on management – adequate rehydration, bed rest and gradual introduction to solid food. Acute infectious gastroenteritis should settle in 2 to 3 days in a healthy person. Medical treatment should be sought if the symptoms are persisting for more than 5 days or if there is any sign of moderate to severe dehydration.
- Antibiotics may be necessary for treating infections caused by Vibrio cholerae, Shigella spp and salmenollosis. For other bacterial causes of gastroenteritis, antibiotics should be avoided unless a person is immunocompromised or in a case of persistent diarrhea where a stool culture confirms the bacterial species.
- Antidiarrheal agents are not advisable in acute infectious gastroenteritis. The use of OTC (over-the-counter) antidiarrheal agents often results in complications especially if used excessively in a case of bacterial gastroenteritis.
- Probiotics containing Saccharomyces boulardii and Lactobacillus casei GG may assist with persistent diarrhea following a case of acute infectious gastroenteritis. Probiotic use during the infection is of limited value. Live culture yogurt or dairy is unsuitable as this may aggravate the diarrhea (secondary lactose intolerance). Speak to a pharmacist about probiotics in capsule form.
Refer to the article on Oral Rehydration Therapy and BRAT Diet for the management of acute infectious gastroenteritis.
The feature article in the November issue of Briefings on Infection Control looks at AHA’s mandatory flu shot policy that requires either influenza vaccination or wearing a mask in the presence of patients across healthcare settings during flu season for healthcare workers. Here is an excerpt of the article that examines considerations such as comfort, enforcement, and communication with patients for choosing to wear a flu mask as alternative to immunization.
Healthcare workers either need to get an influenza vaccination or wear a mask when working with patients during flu season, according to a new American Hospital Association (AHA) policy.
That’s a necessary step to protect the safety of patients, says Nancy Foster, AHA’s vice president of quality and patient safety.
While a flu shot is preferable, wearing a mask is a way to minimize the transmission of droplets that can cause influenza, she says.
An uncomfortable option
But is mask-wearing practical?
“I won’t say it’s the most comfortable option. But the risk to patients is too great [not to require it],” Foster says.
Hospitals often start vaccinating workers with flu vaccine in September, and flu season can run as late as through April.
“You’re looking at months of wearing a mask,” says Libby Chinnes, RN, BSN, CIC, an independent infection control consultant with IC Solutions, LLC, based in Mt. Pleasant, SC.
The requirement to wear a mask may be an incentive for some healthcare workers to get a flu vaccination, Chinnes says. “If you wear a mask for very long, it gets hot and uncomfortable,” she says.
Enforcement a challenge
If hospitals are going to require masks for healthcare workers who decline the flu vaccine, they need to make that part of their policy, Chinnes says.
The hard part will be enforcement, she says, since workers may need to wear a mask for five or six months.
“Masking is a hassle for employees and can be problematic for hospitals to enforce,” says Deborah L. Wexler, MD, executive director of the Immunization Action Coalition in Saint Paul, MN.
Monitoring healthcare workers who must wear a mask because they haven’t had a flu shot is a challenge, agrees Peggy Prinz Luebbert, MS, MS(ASCP), CIC, CHSP, a consultant and owner of Healthcare Interventions in Omaha, NE, who works with healthcare organizations across the country.
Luebbert has worked with a couple of hospitals that have required masks and it does provide some motivation for workers to get a flu shot.
Healthcare workers are required to wear a mask as soon as they enter the facility, from October 1 to March 1, she says.
Signs of motor system dysfunction include the following:
- Difficulty starting movement
- Increased muscle tone, stiffness
- Muscle spasm
Other symptoms of RSD/CPRS include the following:
- Dermatitis, eczema (inflammation of the skin)
- Excessive sweating
- Migraine headache
Patients with any chronic illness, including CRPS, often suffer from depression and anxiety. Skin, muscle, and bone atrophy (wasting) are possible complications of this syndrome. Atrophy may occur because of reduced function of the affected limb.
Publication Review By: Eric M. Schreier, D.O., F.A.A.P.M.R.
Published: 30 Dec 1999
Last Modified: 02 Oct 2015
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The signs or symptoms of leukemia may vary depending on whether you have an acute or chronic type of leukemia.
Acute leukemia may cause signs and symptoms that are similar to the flu. They come on suddenly within days or weeks.
This causes weakening of the intestinal tissue, and so the separation begins to deteriorate, severely affecting digestion. Bacteria normally contained in the intestines is then allowed to flood the bloodstream, causing more problems.
Three or four days later, the virus will be in the dog’s feces, and this is when you can really notice the smell. If you wait this long before realizing the truth, however, it might be too late.
The dog parvo symptoms to look for in this case are the usual: vomiting, bloody diarrhea, and lethargy.
Get your dog to a vet immediately.
If your dog, especially your new puppy, begins exhibiting any of these symptoms, see a veterinarian right away. When parvo is involved, every hour counts. The secret of survival is quick treatment, so don’t ignore these symptoms! One or all of these will usually being showing after 3 – 10 days of infection.
- Lethargic. If your dog normally likes to play and has high energy, this is the clearest sign that something is wrong. You could say they act depressed.
- Lack of Appetite. The more common strains attack the digestive system.
- Vomiting with no change in diet. It usually looks clear and foamy.
- Bloody Diarrhea.
- Stronger Feces Odor. It’s unmistakable and you will never forget it.
The vomiting and diarrhea are the most dangerous, as they can quickly lead to dehydration and malnutrition. This leads to other problems that eventually compound on top of each other to finally kill the dog. And fast.
Always be on the lookout these symptoms of parvo, especially if your puppy is over 10 weeks old.
To help maintain your puppy or dog’s health, we recommend Parvo-K.
If you’re like us, you probably fell in love with your puppy the very first time you looked at his/her tiny face. It’s hard to imagine anything happening to them.
Dog parvo, short for parvovirus, is one of the most serious illness a dog can contract, and it’s is especially deadly in puppies. And it’s highly contagious. It can jump from dog to dog very quickly, even with indirect contact.
My period is still irregular but as I said, it has only been two weeks. I was told it can take four to six months for my period to regulate. Hang in there, girls. Keep with it. Sometimes the amounts have to be tweaked. I would definitely recommend it and see a naturopathic doctor.
30) @anon192317: The wild yam cream may work very well for you, but let me urge you to go to a doctor, preferably a female one. I say this because some of the symptoms you cite are also consistent with low thyroid levels, and only a blood test can determine if your levels are normal or not. Make sure they do a complete thyroid panel, including TSH, T3 and T4 levels.
A female doctor is more likely to listen to what's really going on with you, and may have better treatment options. Female docs are also generally more open to the idea of alternative medicine. Good luck.
29) I just have to say I love all you women for sharing this! I've found the answer. Searching around in the dark for years and doctors only prescribing antidepressants without really listening to what I was saying. I finally got so discouraged that I stopped going to doctors altogether.
I'm only 27, but have had irregular periods my whole life, and had severe post partum depression after my daughter was born. I've struggled to lose weight. I finally have lost 30 pounds, but not before my hair started thinning. I have mood swings, hot flashes, irregular periods. I've had lower back cramps for four days straight now, insomnia at night, with fatigue at strange times during the day, mental cloudiness, inability to focus or handle stress and small breasts (which apparently has something to do with low progesterone levels - they do not run in my family!)
Anyway, I'm wondering if it's even worth it to go see a doctor again or if I should just start on some wild yam progesterone cream and see what happens? Thank you so much for sharing!
28) At age 46, I had an abrupt onset of crazy symptoms. My facial skin was burning/tingling, random hot spots on my body, hair loss, gums tingled, mental fog, heart racing, joint pain and a relentless headache behind my right eye. Prior to this, I was a very healthy gal, in good shape, with four kids and a happy life.
I spent seven months going to rheumatologists, endocrinologist, dermatologists, etc. in NYC and all top in their fields. Nothing was turning up and the collective notion was that I was too stressed and this was causing the problems. Their solution was to take anti-anxiety meds which I refused to do. Ultimately, I took the holistic route and found a DO (doctor of osteopathy) who had me do the saliva testing. Sure enough, I am producing no progesterone and one of the three estrogens came in high. He started my on two nutritional supplements to lower the estrogen levels: Indole Forte and Calcium-D-Glucarate. The effect of these supp is to break up excess estrogen and clean toxins out of your system. It is the equivalent of eating a ton of cabbage or brussels sprouts. After being in agony for seven months, on the 14th day of taking the supplements the majority of my issues disappeared.
After two months of the supplements, I added a bioidentical progesterone capsule and the original symptoms crept back. I tried it three times with a two week break in between and sure enough the symptoms came back each time. So the doc had me stop as he felt my body was rejecting it and we had to respect the response. The doc then had me add one grain of Nature-Throid and I found my heart racing a little. I reduced to 3/4 grain and the heart issue went away.
Not sure if the Nature- Throid is doing anything as I feel no positive or negative responses but compared to the seven month nightmare, I feel great. not as good as I did before this happened. but overall very good. I still take the indole. calcium d-glucarate, Nature-Throid and added PB8 probiotic and astaxanthin (mercola). I encourage anyone with the onset of these crazy issues that blindside you to explore your area for a proven alternative medicine practitioner that has experience with hormonal imbalance. Adrenal fatigue and extreme hormonal imbalances are real issues and not in your head as many will tell you.
27) A hormonal imbalance is something I never even thought of until my naturopathic doctor suggested I take a saliva test to check my hormones. Sure enough, my progesterone levels are low.
I read up on all the symptoms, and was shocked at how many fit me. Migraines, cramps, irregular periods, anxiety, spotting between periods,low libido. I also thought either myself or my hubby were not fertile, due to not getting pregnant despite not using contraceptives for the last couple years. Now I am hopeful that these problems are all tied in to my low progesterone. I am so relieved just to gain an understanding of what is going on with my body, and to be able to work towards correcting it.
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Coryza is a term that describes the inflammation of the mucous membrane in the nasal cavity which results to nasal congestion, loss of smell and others.. According to medical sites, it is synonymous or associated with having colds or runny nose. It comes from a Greek word Koryza wherein the words “kara” and “zeein” are combined and it means boiling over head.
When a person experiences coryza, it is not always due to infection or allergic reaction. It can also happen when a person is exposed to cold temperature, eating spicy foods and even narcotic withdrawal. Also, coryza is one of the hallmarks of the “four Cs” of measles. It includes: Cough, Conjuctivitis, Koplik’s Spots and Coryza.
Having a stuffy nose or coryza can be a symptom of a certain condition or disease. Usually, the condition affects the respiratory system and it is associated with symptoms like:
- Sputum production or phlegm- clear, yellow, light brown or green mucus
- Shortness of breath
- Loss of smell
- Sore throat
- Nasal congestion
- Body aches or body malaise
- Enlarged lymph nodes
Since coryza is a hallmark symptom of measles, a person with measles will also feel the following symptoms:
- Loss of appetite
- Runny nose
- Rashes that develops from two to four days and it starts in the face, then the trunk and the arms and legs
- Koplik’s spot or grayish spots inside the cheek
- Common colds
- Allergic reactions due to pollens, animal dander, some foods and medicines
- Influenza or flu
Coryza is not a life threatening disease. Usually common colds will go away even if medication is not taken. However, to completely eradicate the feeling of discomfort treating the underlying conditions would help. For instance, in cases where a person experiences sinusitis or rhinitis, a person may take antibiotics, antihistamine if there are allergies and even nasal irrigation. Surgeries may also be done for chronic rhinitis or sinusitis. An example of the surgery is FESS or the functional endoscopic sinus surgery. There is a removal of the anatomical and pathological obstructions in the sinuses or other parts of the nasal area to restore the normal clearance of the sinuses. Surgeries however should be done for patient who cannot find relief of finds very minimal relief for chronic diseases.
Antihistamines and some antibiotics would also be given to patient’ experiencing coryza due to allergies like pollens, animal dander and even food allergies. There are also decongestants that would help the person relieve from colds and some nasal sprays.
For children or adults with measles, there is no specific drug to treat this problem. Doctors would recommend getting plenty of rests, increasing their fluid intake, using vaporizer since it can help the person ease from cough. Sponge baths using lukewarm water is also therapeutic to help avoid fever and reduce discomfort. Some medications like pain relievers and NSAIDs or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs to help them feel comfortable and reduce fever and some pain. there are also vaccinations to prevent measles which offered to babies from 9 month onwards. It is best to consult pediatricians to know more about the vaccination.
Aside from the medications, there are also foods that will help the person get some relief from coryza. These foods include:
- Apple- it is ideal to eat apple without peeling them before meals
- Tea- this provides relief from colds, sneezing and some secretions. But if the patient has sinusitis accompanied with thick and foul smelling secretions, taking tea is not advisable.
- Grapes- about 50 grams of grapes prevents colds
- Betel leaf
There is also no need to spend money on medications since home remedies can be done to treat coryza.
- Orange juice – it is advisable to drink cold orange juice during summer and hot orange juice in winter. Orange juice powder is not advisable. Instead, they should peel the oranges in small pieces and boil in. they should strain the orange and use only the juice.
- Aniseed – boiling the 15 grams of aniseed plus 7 cloves in ½ liter of water. Only about ¼ should be taken and they can add sugar if desired.
- Coriander – coriander provides energy to the brain so they need to boil about 125 grams of coriander powder in ½ liter of water. After straining, they can add about 125 grams of sugar and heat the mixture again.
- Lemon – make some lemon juice in lukewarm water. It can be taken in the morning and evening and it can be mixed with honey.
- Figs – 5 figs to be boiled in water and then strained. It should be taken in the morning and evening.
- Garlic – eating garlic can also be beneficial to get rid of sneezing and some colds.
- Pepper and milk – adding 5 pieces of long pepper in milk while boiling it can also be a remedy for coryza.
- Carrot – mixing 325 ml of carrot juice (readily made or prepared) and 125 ml of spinach juice can provide relief from colds and coryza.
- Turmenic – missing a teaspoon of turmenic powder in hot water and taking it three times a days can provide remedy for coryza and even asthma.
Yoga, which is becoming popular these days because of the benefits it bring can also provide relief from coryza. Certain yoga poses like Bhastrika Pranayam, Kalplabhati Pranayama nd Anulom Vilom Pranayam can be done by the patient. These poses though must be performed on a daily basis to experience total relief from coryza.