Business of Medicine

  • Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (with commendation)
  • American Nurses Credentialing Center’s Commission on Accreditation
  • Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education

*Medscape Business of Medicine Academy Survey, September 2015

Get fast, accurate answers for point-of-care decision making.

MedPulse News App

Stay on top of breaking news in your specialty and across medicine.

CME and Education App

Continue your professional development – anytime, anywhere.

You’ve become the New York Times and the Wall Street Journal of medicine. A must-read every morning.

Assa Weinberg, MD

I was an ordinary doctor until I found Medscape. A wonderful resource tool with great updates.

Hemant Makan, MD

Great content. Unbiased reviews. Relevant topics. Cutting edge.

acheter medrol en ligne en france

Diet alone can be effective at healing SIBO but can be slow and take a long time.

It should take about a month on one of these diets to feel symptom relief but people typically stay on the diet for a year or two, depending on the case. Sometimes people can feel worse on this diet as bacterial die off occurs. That can feel like the worsening of IBS symptoms or flu-like symptoms.

Because SIBO is thought to prevent people from absorbing and processing fructose and vegetables with insoluble fiber, the diets above should be modified to address these issues. Fruit and veggies with insoluble fiber need to be taken out and reintroduced very slowly.

Beans and nuts are also foods that are known to cause digestive flare ups.

One of the best ways to prevent SIBO from recurring is to keep digestive fire strong. That means having sufficient hydrochloric acid in the stomach and sufficient enzymes to help break down the food so no undigested particles remain.

Things that keep digestion and absorption strong are taking probiotics, enzymes, or bitters before a meal. Or diluting a bit of apple cider vinegar in water and drinking it before a meal.

Dr. Pimentel also recommends fasting 3 to 5 hours between meals to give the small intestine the opportunity to sweep bad bacteria out.

Lastly, constipation-dominant SIBO is much harder to teat because it indicates a higher level of bacteria and methane gas, according to Dr.Siebecker.

I believe there can be many causes of IBS, and SIBO is just one of them. I will talk about more underlying causes for IBS in future blog posts.
Tweet

What is your name?

Please indicate below the emails to which you want to send this article: One cause of IBS: SIBO (Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth)

Enter one email per line. No more than 100 emails.

Angela Privin is proof that IBS is NOT an incurable disease or a disease at all. IBS is a body out of balance. It’s an invitation for change. After solving her own IBS mystery more than a decade ago Angela trained as a health coach to help others.

Angela uses both science and intuition to help people figure out what’s out of balance in their body. She works with lab tests, dietary changes, supplementation and nervous system rebalancing. Get help rebalancing your digestive system and solving your IBS mystery here.

Brief History of Cocaine

Cocaine is a substance found in a plant (Erythoxylum coca) which is native to Peru, Bolivia, and Ecuador and is cultivated in many other countries. Natives of the countries in which the coca plant was part of the landscape chewed the leaves to increase energy, alertness, and endurance.

The leaves of the plant are ground into a paste and heated with hydrochloric acid producing cocaine in its powder form. In its powder form, cocaine is most often separated into “lines” and snorted.

Modern cocaine was originally synthesized in 1855 and by 1880 the medicinal qualities of cocaine were first recognized by the medical community. Although it was widely credited as a cure for many ailments, cocaine was primarily used as a surgical anesthetic.

achat medrol pas cher effet

In Winnipeg, hospitals recorded up to 900 emergency room visits per day. The average is about 700 to 750.

“We’ve experienced, over the last 48 to 72 hours, a significant increase in the number of people reporting to our emergency department,” Lori Lamont, the Winnipeg Regional Health Authority’s chief nursing officer, said last month.

Alberta Health Services says the province’s influenza season has hit Alberta seniors particularly hard.

“It is hitting older people significantly harder than it did last year,” said Dr. James Talbot, Alberta’s chief medical officer of health.

“The rate of lab-confirmed cases amongst those over the age of 80 is four times higher this season than it was last season.”

WATCH ABOVE: New statistics confirm Alberta’s flu season started a few weeks early and it’s hitting older people particularly hard. Su-Ling Goh reports.

Doctors aren’t surprised that this year’s flu season is leading to increased hospital activity.

The H3N2 flu season in North America shares similarities with what happened months ago during the southern hemisphere’s flu season.

Each year, strains of influenza mutate and re-emerge, infecting victims and triggering a new season. Those of us in the northern hemisphere keep a watchful eye on the flu in the southern hemisphere, which affects residents during their winter (or our summer).

The H3N2 strain is what affected seniors in the southern hemisphere and it was most pronounced on the tail end of the flu season, within the last six weeks, according to Dr. Gerald Evans, a Queen’s University medicine professor and chief of infectious diseases at Kingston General Hospital.

H3N2, traditionally, is more potent. Evans warned in November that if health officials are anticipating an H3N2 predominant season, there could be more hospitalizations.

achat en ligne medrol 1000

Die saisonale Influenza verursacht weltweit Krankheitsausbrüche, die von Jahr zu Jahr hinsichtlich ihrer Ausbreitung und Schwere schwanken. Dabei werden schätzungsweise fünf bis 20 Prozent der Bevölkerung infiziert, wobei jedoch nicht jede/jeder Infizierte erkrankt. Außerdem geht nicht jede/jeder Erkrankte zu einer Ärztin/einem Arzt, obwohl dadurch zahlreichen Komplikationen vorgebeugt werden könnte.

Die saisonale Grippe ist jedoch nicht gleichzusetzen mit anderen Grippeformen, die sich innerhalb kurzer Zeit weltweit ausbreiten (Pandemien). So sind beispielsweise nicht nur verschiedene Influenzaviren für die unterschiedlichen Grippeformen verantwortlich, auch ihr zeitliches Auftreten und ihre krankmachende Wirkung für den Menschen ist nicht die gleiche. Informationen zur Vorbeugung der Grippe finden Sie unter Grippe: Risikogruppen & Vorbeugung.

Die Zeit zwischen einer Infektion mit dem Influenzavirus und dem Ausbruch der Erkrankung beträgt normalerweise ein bis drei Tage. Danach kommt es schlagartig zu charakteristischen Grippesymptomen wie hohem Fieber (bis 41°C) mit trockenem Husten, Schnupfen, Kopf-, Muskel- und Gliederschmerzen sowie einem allgemeinen Krankheitsgefühl. Gelegentlich können auch Atembeschwerden auftreten. Demnach kann eine Grippe als Erkrankung des gesamten Atemtraktes beschrieben werden, die jedoch Symptome im ganzen Körper verursacht. Charakteristisch ist der abrupte Beginn der Symptome, so dass die Patientinnen und Patienten oftmals noch Jahre später den Zeitpunkt präzise beschreiben können.

Aufgrund der raschen Virusvermehrung ist die Infektionsgefahr für andere Personen mit dem Einsetzen von Husten und Niesen der Erkrankten/des Erkrankten am größten. Dabei ist die Virenkonzentration bei erkrankten Kindern meist höher als bei anderen Altersgruppen. Die leichte Übertragbarkeit der Influenzaviren kann in solchen Situationen bei Kontakt zu anderen Menschen zu einer explosionsartigen Verbreitung der Grippe führen.

Verläuft die Influenza unkompliziert, bessern sich die Beschwerden normalerweise innerhalb von zwei bis fünf Tagen. Ein Großteil der Patientinnen und Patienten hat die Erkrankung normalerweise nach einer Woche überstanden. Allerdings nimmt zirka jede fünfte Influenza einen komplizierten Verlauf. Die häufigste Komplikation bei einer Grippeerkrankung ist eine Pneumonie (Lungenentzündung), wobei von der durch das Grippevirus selbst verursachten „primären Pneumonie“ die größten Gefahren ausgehen. Diese äußert sich meistens in einer Verschlechterung des Allgemeinzustands ein bis zwei Tage nach Krankheitsbeginn mit Atemnot und eventuell einer Blaufärbung von Haut und Schleimhäuten (Zyanose). Da sich bestimmte Bakterien, wie beispielsweise Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pneumoniae oder Haemophilus influenzae, direkt an die Influenzaviren binden können, kann es aber auch infolge der akuten Influenza zu einer sogenannten „bakteriellen Superinfektion“ kommen. Bei dieser Form der Lungenentzündung steigt nach einer zwei- bis dreitägigen Phase der Besserung das Fieber erneut an und geht häufig mit Symptomen wie Husten und einem eitrigen Auswurf einher.

Die häufigste Form der Influenza-Pneumonie ist jedoch eine gemischt viral-bakterielle Lungenentzündung, die sich entweder in einem allmählichen Fortschreiten der Erkrankung oder einer vorübergehenden Besserung und anschließenden Verschlechterung der Symptome äußert. Neben einer Pneumonie treten bei einer Influenza gelegentlich noch weitere Komplikationen auf. Dazu gehören beispielsweise eine Entzündung des Herzmuskels oder Herzbeutels, der Nasennebenhöhlen, des Mittelohrs, der Muskeln, der Hirn- beziehungsweise Rückenmarkshäute oder eine Schädigung des Gehirns.

Die Diagnose einer Grippe ergibt sich während einer Grippeepidemie aus der Krankengeschichte und der körperlichen Untersuchung der Patientin/des Patienten. In manchen Fällen werden auch spezifische Laboruntersuchungen zum Virusnachweis durchgeführt. Dadurch können beispielsweise Informationen über die vorhandenen Virustypen oder die Verbreitung der Grippe erhalten werden. Derartige Laboruntersuchungen spielen zudem eine bedeutende Rolle zur Identifikation der Erreger bei neu aufgetretenen Formen der Grippe. Damit können beispielsweise Mutationen der Gene von Influenzaviren analysiert und eine Abgrenzung gegenüber der saisonalen Grippe vorgenommen werden.

Für die weitere Diagnostik der Grippe stehen je nach Krankheitsphase verschiedene Untersuchungsmethoden zur Verfügung. Dabei kommen unter anderem Untersuchungen von Nasensekret und Auswurf, Rachenabstriche sowie Blutuntersuchungen zum Einsatz.

Weitere Informationen finden Sie unter Influenza-A/B-Schnelltest.

Ist eine Person bereits an Grippe erkrankt, können bei rechtzeitiger Therapie die Influenzaviren direkt bekämpft werden. Hierfür gibt es bestimmte Medikamente – sogenannte Neuraminidasehemmer (Oseltamivir und Zanamivir). Sie blockieren die Freisetzung von neu gebildeten Viruspartikeln aus bereits infizierten Zellen und hemmen so die Vermehrung der Influenzaviren im Körper. Da nach einer anfänglichen Phase der raschen Erregerausbreitung die Zahl der Viren 24 bis 48 Stunden nach Ausbruch der Krankheit wieder abnimmt, müssen Neuraminidasehemmer am besten innerhalb der ersten zwölf Stunden (allerspätestens innerhalb von 48 Stunden) nach Auftreten der ersten Symptome zur Anwendung kommen.

Die rechtzeitige Verabreichung von Oseltamivir oder Zanamivir lindert die grippebedingten Beschwerden (wie zum Beispiel Kopfschmerzen, Husten, Fieber) und verkürzt die Dauer der Grippeerkrankung. Außerdem senkt die Therapie das Risiko für Komplikationen (zum Beispiel Pneumonie). Oseltamivir gibt es als Saft oder Tabletten. Zanamivir kann dagegen nur inhaliert werden. Daher wird häufig bevorzugt Oseltamivir eingesetzt. Ergeben sich Hinweise auf eine bakterielle (Zusatz-)Infektion, muss eine entsprechende antibiotische Therapie eingeleitet werden. Bei Komplikationen ist mitunter auch die Gabe von Sauerstoff notwendig, bei Erschöpfung der Atmung muss maschinell beatmet werden.

Bettruhe kann Komplikationen vorbeugen

Die weitere Therapie bei Influenzaerkrankungen richtet sich allein gegen die Symptome. So können zum Beispiel gegen die Kopf-, Muskel- und Gliederschmerzen sowie das Fieber Schmerzmittel mit gleichzeitig fiebersenkender Wirkung (beispielsweise Paracetamol oder Ibuprofen) verabreicht werden. Allerdings sollten Medikamente mit dem Wirkstoff Acetylsalicylsäure (zum Beispiel Aspirin®) keinesfalls Kindern unter zwölf Jahren gegeben werden, da hierdurch in seltenen Fällen das gefürchtete Reye-Syndrom ausgelöst werden kann. Dabei handelt es sich um eine akute Erkrankung des Gehirns und der Leber, die unbehandelt tödlich verlaufen kann. Um Risiken in der Anwendung von Arzneimitteln zu vermeiden, sollten diese generell nur auf ärztliche Anordnung eingenommen werden.

Neben der medikamentösen Therapie ist insbesondere bei Kindern eine ausreichende Flüssigkeitszufuhr wichtig. Um möglichst rasch wieder gesund zu werden, kann es helfen, die Schleimhäute feucht zu halten (zum Beispiel durch Inhalationen mit heißem Wasserdampf) und sich gesund zu ernähren. Außerdem braucht der Körper in dieser Situation viel Ruhe, um sich zu erholen. Dies hilft auch, möglichen Komplikationen vorzubeugen. Auf Alkohol und Rauchen sollte gänzlich verzichtet werden.

Die verwendete Literatur finden Sie im Quellenverzeichnis.

zuletzt aktualisiert 25.10.2017
Freigegeben durch Redaktion Gesundheitsportal
Letzte Expertenprüfung durch Dr. Christoph Baumgärtel
Zum Expertenpool

Signs and symptoms of labor can begin immediately before the birth actually starts, or up to one month before the onset of labor. Every woman has a different experience before her labor; some women have all the signs, and some women do not notice any labor symptoms until they realize they are in full labor.

While you may not experience all the common symptoms and signs of labor, being prepared and knowing some of these signs beforehand will help you to recognize any changes that are occurring in your body and why. Always contact your doctor if you have any questions or concerns about your labor symptoms, and to keep your doctor up to date with your progress.

achat medrol en ligne sans ordonnance

Because SIBO is thought to prevent people from absorbing and processing fructose and vegetables with insoluble fiber, the diets above should be modified to address these issues. Fruit and veggies with insoluble fiber need to be taken out and reintroduced very slowly.

Beans and nuts are also foods that are known to cause digestive flare ups.

One of the best ways to prevent SIBO from recurring is to keep digestive fire strong. That means having sufficient hydrochloric acid in the stomach and sufficient enzymes to help break down the food so no undigested particles remain.

Things that keep digestion and absorption strong are taking probiotics, enzymes, or bitters before a meal. Or diluting a bit of apple cider vinegar in water and drinking it before a meal.

Dr. Pimentel also recommends fasting 3 to 5 hours between meals to give the small intestine the opportunity to sweep bad bacteria out.

Lastly, constipation-dominant SIBO is much harder to teat because it indicates a higher level of bacteria and methane gas, according to Dr.Siebecker.

I believe there can be many causes of IBS, and SIBO is just one of them. I will talk about more underlying causes for IBS in future blog posts.
Tweet

What is your name?

Please indicate below the emails to which you want to send this article: One cause of IBS: SIBO (Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth)

Enter one email per line. No more than 100 emails.

Angela Privin is proof that IBS is NOT an incurable disease or a disease at all. IBS is a body out of balance. It’s an invitation for change. After solving her own IBS mystery more than a decade ago Angela trained as a health coach to help others.

Angela uses both science and intuition to help people figure out what’s out of balance in their body. She works with lab tests, dietary changes, supplementation and nervous system rebalancing. Get help rebalancing your digestive system and solving your IBS mystery here.

FOOD POISONING STORIES

Years ago, my husband and I ate at a “hole in the wall” Mexican restaurant. He thought his meal tasted great. Mine was pretty good too. While we were waiting for the check, he started to feel sick. It came on so fast. He got up to go look for the bathroom and immediately started vomiting. He left a trail of vomit all the way to the bathroom (which unfortunately was the women’s bathroom, poor guy). Anyway, when he finished vomiting he felt fine. Two hours later, he had a big bowl of ice cream with chocolate sauce. I suspect that this type of food poisoning was from the toxins produced either by Staphylococcus aureus or Bacillus cereus since it came on so suddenly and was over so quickly. No one else caught it from him which further supports a diagnosis of food poisoning.

Another example of obvious non-contagious food poisoning happened to my sister and her coworker recently. They went to happy hour (at 5pm) at a local restaurant and shared an appetizer of fried calamari with a dipping sauce. At 10pm, they were both vomiting. Since they don't live together and didn't eat anything else that was the same that day, I am very certain that they got food poisoning from that shared appetizer. The dipping sauce was probably sitting out barely warm under a heat lamp all afternoon growing toxin producing bacteria. No one else caught it from them so that further suggests that it was food poisoning.

vente medrol sans ordonnance france

contact your doc, and once again i ask u r u on other meds cause of the interactions?

Hi Im bi polar and I have been on in it for 3 or 4 years was on 200mg now Im on 300mg, no side effects but 4 me. Its a common side effect to have flu like symtoms, (body aches and chills).
I would still recommend u tell your doc.

hope this helps

i did talk to my doc and i think it is time for a second opinion. did anyone gain weight. i also have gained 15 lbs most fluid but how good is that on the rest of your body. i am afraid it is going to effect my heart

Try to avoid fluids that have to much sodium in them..that causes water retention. even bottled water. there is on form nestle gas free (at least here) free of sodium, also dont add sault to your meals, as sodium is a prservative that pratically comes in everything.

I appreciate everyone's comments. That is really the only side-effect I have had is the flu like symptoms. I have not gained weight at all. To the one that commented on the retention of fluid, that is not normal, if your Dr insist you stay on Lamictal maybe you could request they put you on 25mg of Hydrochlorothiazide a day. That will drop that water weight real quick. I haven't heard of weight gain with Lamictal. Actually, one of the side effects is "Anorexia". Has anyone else experienced weight gain ( or loss) with Lamictal?

Several side effects are possible with Lamictal. Weight gain does appear to be one of them, although it is not among the most commonly reported Lamictal side effects. This data comes from clinical trials where the drug was extensively studied and side effects were documented.

In studies, between 1 and 5 percent of people taking Lamictal for bipolar disorder treatment experienced weight gain. However, weight gain was not reported as a side effect in people taking it to control seizures.

Exercise regularly for at least 30 minutes a day on most days of the week.

Lots of fruits, vegetables, grains, and fat-free or low-fat milk and milk products (heart-healthy foods)
Lean meats, poultry, fish, beans, eggs, and nuts
Limited amounts of foods with saturated fats, trans fats, cholesterol, sodium (salt), and added sugars.

Limit your intake of alcohol.

Also, if you are noticing a weight gain with Lamictal, talk to your healthcare provider. He or she can suggest other ways for dealing with this problem. He or she may also look for other causes of weight gain, such as certain medical conditions. If the weight gain continues, your healthcare provider may also recommend other lifestyle changes or a possible switch to another bipolar disorder or epilepsy medication.

Lamictal and Weight Gain: Suggestions
If you are noticing unexplained or bothersome weight gain while you are taking Lamictal, there are some things that you can do. Some suggestions include:

vente medrol posologie solupred

>> Swollen eyes often accompanied by a discharge. Sometimes this can lead to the development of corneal ulcers.

>> Sneezing and inflammation of the lining is of the nose (rhinitis). Discharge from the nose is initially clear but becomes green and thick as cat flu develops. Your cat's sense of smell may deteriorate significantly, thereby leading to a lack of interest in food.

>> Your cat will clearly appear unwell and may develop a fever. A loss of appetite is very likely and dehydration becomes a real risk.

Feline Calicivirus (FVC):

>> Mouth ulcers are a very common symptom of feline calicivirus and this ultimately triggers off drooling and loss of appetite.

>> Ulcers can affect various parts of your cat including the tongue, palate, mouth, tip of the nose and the lips. One particular strain of FVC is even known to lead to ulcers in a cat's paws.

>> Your cat's nose and eyes are likely to be runny and gingivitis may affect the gums. A fever may also develop and your cat may start to limp as a result of pain in the joints.

Hi doctor. Thank you for giving us the opportunity to ask questions. I'm asking this question for a friend of mine who I'm very concerned about.

More than 2 months ago he had unprotected sex with a prostitute in a brothel. He's actually not even sure if he had sex because he just remembers coming out of the brothel and not the act itself.He was very drunk at the time. He has no idea if the girl is HIV+ or not.

2 to 3 weeks later he developed flu like sypmtoms although he didn't experience any fevers, headaches or night sweats. He just felt a slight tenderness in the back of his throat which still persists and occasionally his hands get inflamed. His hair is also falling out more than usual and he has vomitted a few times and he has suffered from diarrhea a couple of times in the last month. He has also lost about 7-8 kilos since the incident.

He is very convinced he has HIV and is worried to the extreme. This was the first time he's ever been with a prostitute and he regrets what he's done. He's planning to get tested once the 3 months mark is up.

Meanwhile, doctor, can you please tell me, to the best of your knowledge, if these are classic HIV symptoms? I know that some people who are HIV+ have no symptoms, but I'd like to have some sort of info. I just don't want him to stress unnecassarily. I'd like to see him have a peace of mind and get on with his life. Thank you for all your help.

If your friend didn't have a fever, I'm not sure how his symptoms were flu-like. Flu is classicly described as a febrile illness, and fever is a common symptom during primary HIV infection.

It sounds like you both are anxious and are doing a lot of guesswork. If your friend is concerned about his symptoms, he should see a doctor for a check-up. That will greatly inform how he should proceed.

The symptoms of walking pneumonia are a lot less severe than the symptoms associated with traditional pneumonia. The reason this is so is because walking pneumonia in general is a milder form of pneumonia. It is possible that a person can do their normal daily tasks while technically being sick. And, as long as they are taking antibiotics, they don’t have to worry about spreading the disease to other people. However, don’t think that because the symptoms of walking pneumonia are not as bad as traditional pneumonia that they aren’t still annoying. In fact, the symptoms of walking pneumonia can be so bothersome that many may decide to take things easy while they are recovering from the disease.

  • achat en ligne medrol 1000

    What can you do if you have PD?

    • Work with your doctor to create a plan to stay healthy. This might include the following:
      • A referral to a neurologist, a doctor who specializes in the brain
      • Care from an occupational therapist, physical therapist or speech therapist
      • Meeting with a medical social worker to talk about how Parkinson's will affect your life
    • Start a regular exercise program to delay further symptoms.
    • Talk with family and friends who can provide you with the support you need.

    For more information, visit our Treatment page.

    Watch and share this public service announcement featuring U.S. Senator Cory Booker that discusses the early warning signs of Parkinson's disease.

    Page reviewed by Dr. Chauncey Spears, Movement Disorders Fellow at the University of Florida, a Parkinson’s Foundation Center of Excellence.

    Melissa Kaplan's
    Lyme Disease
    Part of the Anapsid.org Chronic Neuroimmune Diseases Information Resources for CFS, FM, MCS, Lyme Disease, Thyroid, and more.
    Last updated January 1, 2014

    Short Symptom List: Lyme Disease & Common Co-Infections

    Borrelia, Babesia, Bartonella, and Ehrlichia

    The following symptoms were excerpted from Diagnostic Hints And Treatment Guidelines For Lyme And Other Tick Borne Illnesses, by Joseph J. Burrascano Jr., M.D. (Fifteenth Edition 2008).

    Borrelia
    (Borreliosis, neuroborreliosis; also known as Lyme Disease)
    Spread primarily though the bite of infected ticks that live on a wide range of mammalian species; secondary human-to-human transmission through semen, breast milk, and possibly in utero

    Bladder dysfunction
    Burning or stabbing sensations
    Cardiac impairment
    Change in bowel function
    Chest pain
    Confusion
    Depression
    Difficulty thinking
    Difficulty with concentration and reading
    Difficulty with speech, writing
    Difficulty finding words; name blocking
    Disorientation: getting lost, going to wrong places
    Disturbed sleep: too much, too little, fractionated, early awakening
    Ears/Hearing: buzzing, ringing, ear pain, sound sensitivity
    Exaggerated symptoms or worse hangover from alcohol
    Eyes/Vision: double, blurry, increased floaters, light sensitivity
    Facial paralysis (Bell's palsy)
    Fatigue, tiredness, poor stamina
    Forgetfulness
    Headache
    Heart block
    Heart murmur
    Heart palpitations
    Heart valve prolapse
    Increased motion sickness
    Irritability
    Irritable bladder
    Joint pain or swelling
    Lightheadedness
    Mood swings
    Muscle pain or cramps
    Neck creaks & cracks
    Neck stiffness, pain
    Numbness
    Pelvic pain
    Poor attention
    Poor balance
    Poor short-term memory
    Problem absorbing new information
    Pulse skips
    Rib soreness
    Sexual dysfunction or loss of libido
    Shooting pains
    Shortness of breath; cough
    Skin hypersensitivity
    Sore throat
    Stiffness of the joints or back
    Swollen glands
    Testicular pain
    Tingling
    Tremor
    Twitching of the face or other muscles
    Unavoidable need to sit or lay down
    Unexplained breast pain
    Unexplained fevers, sweats, chills or flushing
    Unexplained hair loss
    Unexplained menstrual irregularity'
    Unexplained milk production
    Unexplained weight loss or gain
    Upset Stomach or abdominal pain
    Vertigo
    Wooziness

    Babesia
    (Babesiosis)
    Babesia is a protozoan spread by ticks, blood transfusion, and in utero. Despite there being 20+known forms to date, current testing only looks for two of them.

    Air hunger
    Cough
    Fatigue
    Fevers
    Headache
    Hemolysis
    Imbalance without true vertigo
    Mild encephalopathy
    Shaking chills
    Sweats

    Bartonella
    (Bartonellosis, also known as cat scratch fever)
    Spread by bites from infected ticks and in utero

    abnormal liver enzymes
    encephalopathy
    endocarditis
    flu-like malaise
    headache
    hemolysis with anemia
    hepatomegaly
    high fever
    immune deficiency
    jaundice
    lymphadenopathy
    myalgias
    myocarditis
    papular or angiomatous rash
    somnolence
    sore throat
    splenomegaly
    weakened immune response

    Ehrlichia
    (Ehrlichiosis)
    Bites from infected ticks

  • acheter medrol en ligne en france

    Why are some influenza viruses transmitted so easily between people while others are still restricted mainly to birds?

    Are we better prepared for flu pandemics than we were in the past?

    Avian influenza (bird flu) in feral pigeons - what are the risks?

    Bird flu, fowl plague, bird influenza, Asian bird flu, HPAI, LPAI, H5N1, H7N2, H7, H5N2

    Influenza has been known about since 1878 and is caused by a type ‘A’ influenza virus. It has historically been known as ‘fowl plague’. There are three types of influenza virus: type A, type B and type C. Most forms of influenza are solely associated with humans, but the type A influenza virus has been found in pigs, horses and occasionally in birds and other mammals. Types B and C are human-specific and are not found in animals, mammals or birds. The type associated with recent outbreaks of avian influenza (bird flu) in south-east Asia is the type A influenza virus.

    Thousands of influenza viruses, belonging to many sub-types, have been found in both domesticated and wild birds all over the world. Currently, avian influenza is recognised in two forms:

    • Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI)
    • Low pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI)

    The highly pathogenic form ('pathogenic' refers to the ability of an infecting agent to produce disease - hence, a virus that is highly pathogenic is capable of producing severe disease) is the most virulent form of the disease and can spread rapidly, particularly when found in intensively farmed domestic poultry. The mortality rate for birds infected with the highly pathogenic form can be up to 100% and the disease can develop so fast that in some cases birds will die without ever having showed any signs that they had contracted the disease. The highly pathogenic form is so virulent that one gram of infected chicken excrement can contain enough highly pathogenic virus to infect 100,000 birds. Conversely, the low pathogenic form results in a milder, less significant form of the disease with infected birds rarely becoming ill or demonstrating symptoms, but they still have the potential to pass the disease on to other birds or animals. Certain low pathogenic forms can, however, mutate into highly pathogenic strains.

    Avian influenza (bird flu) is a notifiable disease in the UK and is listed in section 88 of the Animal Health Act 1981. Section 15 (1) of the Act says:

    “Any person having in their possession or under their charge an animal affected or suspected of having one of these diseases must, with all practicable speed, notify that fact to a police constable.”

    Loosely translated this means that if you suspect or are aware of the presence of a notifiable disease there is a legal obligation to notify a DEFRA Divisional Veterinary Manager immediately. DEFRA is the Department of the Environment, Food and Rural Affairs and is responsible for overseeing animal health in the UK.

    Avian influenza in birds is spread via secretions from the eyes, respiratory tract and from faecal matter, with droplets of liquid sneezed by infected birds spreading the disease extremely rapidly in environments where large numbers of birds are housed. In wild birds the situation is different with many migratory birds (including waterfowl, sea birds and shore birds) carrying the virus for long distances and being implicated in the international spread of the disease. Migratory waterfowl - most notably wild ducks - are the natural reservoir of bird flu viruses and these birds are also the most resistant to infection. They can carry the virus over great distances and excrete it in their droppings, yet develop only mild and short-lived illness themselves. There is a great deal of speculation about the importance of this very large reservoir of influenza viruses in wild birds as it is a source of viruses for other species, including humans, lower mammals, and birds. The high rate of infection allows for the maintenance and emergence of new and potentially highly dangerous strains by means of mutation and/or genetic reassortment.

    Some strains of avian influenza can be transmitted to humans and other animals but this is normally only the case following high levels of exposure to infected birds and/or their faecal matter. People most at risk would be those involved in intensive farming, in particular the poultry industry. These strains will normally only cause mild symptoms in humans but a current south-east Asian strain has caused a number of deaths. Although humans can be infected from birds the current highly pathogenic H5N1 strain does not readily infect people and there is very little chance, if any, for human-to-human spread of the disease.

    The main significance for human health is that birds could be the source of new strains of influenza virus. Existing bird strains could mutate to form a new strain, which could, in turn, readily infect humans. Likewise, if mammals are infected with both human and avian strains of the disease at the same time the mixing of genetic material from the two viruses might produce new strains. These strains would have the potential to spread readily between humans. If a new strain of avian flu was to mutate, humans would have little or no immunity to it and a serious worldwide epidemic could occur.

    Although avian influenza has hit the headlines on numerous occasions over the last few years the disease is yet to have a major impact in the UK, with only minor outbreaks which have been confined to poultry production units. The most recent outbreaks of avian influenza have been the low pathogenic strain with an outbreak of H7N2 in Conwy, North Wales in May 2007 and more recently an outbreak of the H7 strain in St Helens, Merseyside in June 2007. In both cases restrictions that were imposed on the sites concerned were removed promptly, in the case of Conwy within 5/6 weeks of investigation and in the case of St Helens within a day of investigation. The most recent outbreak of highly pathogenic avian flu was the strain H5N1 identified on a poultry unit in Holton, Suffolk in February 2007. Amongst restrictions imposed on the facility were a 3 km Protection Zone and a 10 km Surveillance Zone along with a much wider Restriction Zone. All restrictions were removed from the farm just over one month later.

    Although avian influenza has been restricted, in the main, to the mass production of poultry, the feral pigeon has inevitably been identified as one species that has the potential to carry and pass the disease onto humans based on the birds’ close association with man. The main focus of attention has been the racing pigeon industry due to the fact that it involves the transportation of pigeons across international borders. Clearly, if pigeons are released in EU countries where avian influenza is active, when they return to lofts in the UK there is clear potential for those birds to carry and transmit the disease to other domesticated birds, wild birds and animals and indeed humans. As it is migratory birds that are considered to be the main carriers of avian influenza, racing pigeons must also fall into this category as they are frequently required to cross international borders.

  • medrol pas cher avion disparu

    I have been on multiple mental health medications whilst going through a long drawn out court case (7 years).

    The medications per day included:

    Lexapro (20 to 40mg past 7 years)

    Mirtazapine (30mg past 7 years)

    Sodium Valproate (1500mg, 1 year, 2013)

    Lithium (150mg, taken once off Sodium Valproate, 6 months 2014)

    Seroquel (750mg, 5 years, 2010 - 2014 )

    Ritalin (50 mg per day in the past 6 months)

    Lexapro is my last medication I am getting off now (under GP and psychiatrists supervisor / guidance). All other medications were weaned off of over a long period of time and in small increments.

    I started going off Lexapro a two weeks ago (20 mg down to 10 mg), the first week I thought I was just getting my girlfriends flu.

    Then I went from 10 mg to nothing.

    This has been HELL!

    Cold sores, mouth ulcers, lethargy, headaches, really bad insomnia, grumpy and unsociable.

  • acheter du medrol en pharmacie

    You are able to have the same effect with Solay Salt Lamps. Simply click on the banner at left to find out more information.

    Also read what Dr. Mercola says about the effects of salt lamps on our home environment at Himalayan Salt

    Here are more and similar ascension symptoms from Aton Christ Michael channel led through Leonette:

    You can read them at The guidelines from Aton channelled through Leonette. He also explains what to do when you feel the ascension symptoms coming on.

    Initially you may feel nothing. Give it time.

    Do you see or sense the changes in the atmosphere and environment around you? Does your body respond to the atmospheric pressure changes around you?

    That headache, sinus pressure, neck and upper shoulder pain, aching joints especially ankles and knees (grounding energy) seemed to have increased. yes!

    You experience them now, and then they subside and you experience relief only to return again, perhaps in a different way or intensity?

    Are you experiencing bouts of nausea and/or constipation and/or bouts of eating binges?

    Are you experiencing difficulty in being around people and places that never bothered you before?

    Are you developing a preference for your own space and at most times, solitude?

    Close your eyes if you can or relax your eyes if you are in a position to do so.

    Common Ascension Symptoms

    In most cases, a medical doctor cannot explain the pain you are experiencing after doing many tests.

    You are moving rapidly from one energy vibration to another which is causing this phenomenon. It will pass.

    This will pass as your body becomes acclimatized to the changes.

    There are more ascension symptoms in ascension health. During my communicating with God in 2007, He spoke of what is happening to the planet and why things are happening as they should. He said that we need to release old patterns and behaviors during ascension.