San Francisco, Calif.: Does the release of Tamiflu from U.S. stockpiles have any affect for the average citizen here? Is it now easily available?

Richard Wenzel: This is an effective anti-influenza drug, especially in preventing infection among exposed, but not ill people. It also has a modest effect in treatment. The drug is available.

Pork: Does swine flu have anything to do with eating tainted pork products?

Richard Wenzel: No. There is no risk of swine flu from eating appropriately cooked pork.

Anonymous: Thanks for taking the question. My family and I recently visited Cancun for spring break. My husband had felt achy, chilled and fatigued after returning home however had no sig cough. He has since improved however remains tired. Everyone else is fine. Any cause for concern?

Richard Wenzel: This is a difficult question. Approximately 20% of people have general fatigue after some infections like mononucleosis of cytomegalovirus and sometimes after influenza. It would be best to have a checkup with your physician.

Washington, D.C.: I heard that the Swine Flu is suppose to hit the Washington Area hard. Is this true and what can we do to protect ourselves?

Richard Wenzel: No one knows what cities will be hit, or how hard the virus will be. Because Washington, DC is an international city the chances of bringing infections from other countries and other cities is great. At this point, you should be alert to the degree of infections in your own city, report to a physician with respiratory infections and maintain careful hand washing. Despite the custom of handshaking, it is reasonable to avoid that custom for the time being.

Baltimore, Md.: I've read that this flu has disproportionately hit healthy young adults instead of children and elderly people. Any thoughts on why?

And do you think we will be raised to a WHO Phase 4 or 5 at this point?

Richard Wenzel: It is likely that people over age 60 have some cross reacting antibody from prior infection with a related virus in years past. This remains to be proved. Thus, young adults are disproportionately infected.

I am surprised that WHO did not already call this a level 4.

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Mittelohrentzündung

Insbesondere Kinder bekommen häufig zusätzlich zur Grippe eine bakterielle Mittelohrentzündung.

Herzentzündung

Bei einer Grippe kann auch das Herz in Mitleidenschaft gezogen werden. Entzündet sich der Herzmuskel, spricht man von einer Myokarditis. Bei einer Perikarditis ist der Herzbeutel entzündet. Eine Myokarditis ist eine gefährliche Komplikation, da sie oftmals nur wenige Symptome verursacht. Gelegentlich treten Fieber, Brustschmerzen und spürbare Herzrhythmusstörungen auf. Wenn Menschen, die unwissentlich an einer Myokarditis erkrankt sind, sich zu sehr anstrengen, ist das Risiko für einen plötzlichen Herztod erhöht.

Eine Perikarditis verläuft meist nicht so dramatisch und heilt nach einiger Zeit von selbst aus. In beiden Fällen ist aber ein Krankenhausaufenthalt und Bettruhe nötig, um das Risiko weiterer Komplikationen zu verringern.

Hirnhautentzündung

In seltenen Fällen kann sich bei einer Grippe eine Hirnhautentzündung entwickeln. Neben Fieber treten dann meist heftige Kopf- und Nackenschmerzen sowie eine „Nackensteife“ auf. Kommt zu diesen Symptomen noch Verwirrtheit, Schläfrigkeit oder ein Krampfanfall hinzu, haben sich höchstwahrscheinlich nicht nur die Hirnhäute, sondern auch das Gehirn entzündet.

Wenn jemand, der an Grippe erkrankt ist, niest oder hustet, fliegen die Viren – in feine Sekrettröpchen eingeschlossen – durch die Luft. Werden die Tröpfchen von anderen Menschen eingeatmet, können diese ebenfalls an Grippe erkranken. Auch wenn man mit Influenza-Viren kontaminierte Oberflächen berührt, kann man sich anstecken, etwa an Türklinken, PC-Tastaturen, Haltestangen im Bus, oder wenn man einem Grippe-Patienten die Hand gibt.

Ihr Ansteckungsrisiko können Sie verringern, indem Sie

  • nicht mit den Händen das Gesicht und insbesondere die Augen berühren (die Grippeviren werden oft mit den Händen eingesammelt, und könnten so zu den Schleimhäuten gelangen)
  • große Menschenmassen meiden
  • die Zimmerluft feucht halten (trockene Heizungsluft entzieht den Atemwegen Feuchtigkeit und macht es den Erregern leichter, dort einzudringen)

Wie bei jeder Infektionskrankheit sind besonders Menschen gefährdet, die häufiger mit dem Erreger in Kontakt kommen. Daher besteht für Personen, die in medizinischen Einrichtungen wie Krankenhäusern, Arztpraxen, Alten- oder Pflegeheimen arbeiten, ein erhöhtes Risiko sich anzustecken. Aber auch in Schulen, Kindergärten und Kindertagesstätten können sich die Grippe-Viren schneller ausbreiten.

Vor einer Grippe-Infektion können Sie sich am besten durch eine Impfung schützen. Menschen mit einem schwachen Immunsystem empfiehlt die Ständige Impfkomission (STIKO), sich impfen zu lassen.

Der günstigste Zeitpunkt für eine Grippeimpfung ist im Herbst. Weil sich die Grippeviren sehr schnell verändern, muss die Impfung jedoch jedes Jahr wiederholt werden, um wirksam zu sein. Jüngere Studien zeigen, dass eine jährlich wiederholte Impfung den Schutz vor Grippe noch weiter verbessern kann.

Was es bei der Impfung zu beachten gilt und weitere Informationen zur Grippeimpfung lesen Sie hier: Grippeimpfung

Die Grippe lässt sich nur eingeschränkt an ihrer Ursache behandeln. Jedoch lassen sich die Symptome mit verschiedenen Mitteln erheblich lindern.

Gegen Influenza-Viren gibt es spezielle Medikamente, die das Protein Neuraminidase blockieren. Diese sogenannten Neuraminidase-Hemmer verhindern, dass sich die Grippe-Viren weiter vermehren. Dadurch verläuft die Erkrankung meist sehr viel milder und kürzer. Allerdings wirken diese nur in den ersten beiden Tagen nach Symptombeginn. Außerdem sind die Neuraminidase-Hemmer nicht gegen alle Influenza-Viren wirksam und haben einige Nebenwirkungen.

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17) I am getting very cold and tingling feet and hands. They are becoming painful, like from frostbite.

I also have bad pain in my lower back. My hair (and I mean all my hair) has become exceptionally thin, not the sturdy shafts as before. I don't feel well after eating and I am scared.

16) I think my on again-off again boyfriend has poisoned me with some type of chemical that he uses at work. He works at a place called varmen guard; it's like Orkin and he has access to all types of chemicals. I think he put it in my food while I was in the shower.

About an hour or two after eating, I started to get headaches, my throat became sore and both of my lower legs started to cramp and convulse really bad. Can insecticides cause these types of problems?

15) I suspect my ex-wife of trying to poison me many years ago. We had curry in the evening and she gave some of the leftover to take to work for lunch. After that I got violently sick. The symptoms included a painful and sensitive stomach, vomiting and confusion.

I looked into her eyes as she was about to give me more curry food and saw this cold look in her eyes. I then refused any food from her which saved my life. I recovered after that within three days.

14) @Post 13: Are you able to purchase test kits online without him knowing? I just purchased an arsenic test kit online, and they have other kinds of test kits too. You can test any liquid, I believe even your urine. I would either recommend testing your urine or saving a drink or other liquid he gives you until you can test it without him knowing.

As far as a way to narrow down what chemical it is, google lists of poisons and symptoms and see which ones fit your symptoms best. That way, you can narrow it down a little and go from there.

My husband and I have been being poisoned by my adoptive parents for a while. We believe it is arsenic, and our symptoms are similar to yours: Every time after we would eat an open food from our fridge (like pickles from a jar), our throats would burn, we would get really tired, very bad headaches, very weak. Then, after about an hour or so, we would both have very bad stomach cramps and severe diarrhea. These people have been poisoning me for a long time (we have since taken many precautions against it and have filed police reports), but from my experience, I can tell you that it will only get worse. I was in the hospital and came very close to dying many times.

Whatever poison this man you are living with is using, it may not just be in the food or drinks. Do you take any vitamins or pills? It can be in there too, especially if the pills are powdery.

I hope this helps and I hope you stay safe and healthy. Good luck.

13) I've been worried that the guy I'm living with is poisoning me with something. He makes food and won't eat it. My symptoms can be mild to severe.

First is my stomach severely bloats like I'm pregnant, my urine smells really odd, like a weird chemical and sometimes my stool does as well. I get nausea and diarrhea and right now I'm really sick.

My throat feels literally like it's been burned. I get a weird menthol type vapor in my throat or it just feels hot inside. Sometimes I'm really tired and weak and either my heart races or it's slow. I'm having tingling in my hands. Please can someone help? He's a farmer. I don't think I'm crazy. What chemical would it be?

12) I am pretty sure I am being poisoned with arsenic. Is there a way to test food or liquids for arsenic? What are other ways people may put arsenic in your house? I have a very sore throat, trouble breathing, stomach pains, severe diarrhea, joint pain, and muscle twitches.

I have been poisoned before by the people I am suspecting, but I am not sure of the poison they are using and how they are getting it into my apartment. I believe they may have a key and come in while I am at work and put it in open food (any time I eat open food, like pickles from a jar or chips, I end up with severe stomach cramps and diarrhea). I stopped eating open food at my house, but I am still sick with the respiratory symptoms, extremely tired, dizzy, and very bad headaches. Does anyone have any suggestions to figure out which poison is being used?

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A person infected with flu virus may be contagious:

  • 24 hours before showing symptoms
  • Up to 7 days after onset of symptoms, and sometimes even a bit longer.

Young children and seniors can be contagious for up to 14 days following onset of symptoms.

If you have the flu, avoid direct contact as much as possible with people most at risk of complications. This way, you reduce the risk of transmitting the illness to them.

The best way to protect yourself from complications of the flu is through vaccination.

Where to get Vaccinated
For information on the Flu Vaccination Campaign for each region of Québec, see the Where to get vaccinated section.

Certain protection and cleanliness measures can also help prevent transmission of the flu.

  • Wash your hands often
  • Keep your immediate environment clean, such as furniture surfaces and counters
  • Follow advice for Preventing Transmission of Viruses and Bacteria
  • Stay at home as soon as you notice symptoms of the flu. Unless otherwise advised by a doctor, home is the best place for treatment. By staying at home, you limit contact with other people or with other infections that may cause complications. You also limit transmission of the virus
  • Follow advice for Coughing or Sneezing Without Contaminating

Last update: February 9, 2018 4:32 PM

The information on this website by no means replaces the advice of a health professional. If you have questions regarding your health, contact Info-Santé 811 or see a health professional.

Connect with us

Welcome to the Allergic Diseases Resource Center. Whether you are a health professional, a person with allergies, or a caregiver to someone with allergies, WAO's Allergic Diseases Resource Center has something for you.

By following the links below, you will find clear information about allergic diseases and up-to-the-minute news of developments in allergy management and treatment, written by the World's leading allergy experts.

The disease summaries for Health Professionals have been written to provide an up-to-date overview of the main allergic diseases. The materials can be referenced in publications using the following citation:

Title of Disease Summary. Name of Author. World Allergy Organization website. Accessed (date).

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The healthcare workers are required to indicate on their identification badge whether they have had a flu vaccination or must wear a mask, she says. For instance, a blue dot indicates the worker has had a flu shot, while a red dot indicates they have not had it.

Luebbert admits it is like wearing a scarlet letter for those who don’t get a flu shot.

The masks themselves are “awful,” she says. “The employees hate it. It’s uncomfortable and the patients can’t see your face. And the patients hate it because they can’t see the worker’s expression.”

It must be the responsibility of the employee’s manager to monitor workers to ensure they are wearing their mask, Luebbert says. Infection preventionists cannot be everywhere in a hospital to monitor all workers.

Communicate with patients
Hospitals should be prepared for questions from patients and family members who may wonder why a worker is wearing a mask when providing care, says Chinnes.

“I think hospitals should come up with some kind of script so a healthcare worker can say, ‘This is why I’m wearing a mask,’ ” she says. Hospitals don’t want patients to think they are allowing a worker who is sick to take care of them.

Luebbert agrees that hospitals need to communicate to patients and family members why workers are wearing a mask. One hospital put up a poster in its lobby advising people that both visitors and employees who had not been vaccinated against the flu must wear a mask during flu season, she says.

Briefings on Infection Control subscribers can read more from the November issue by clicking here.

I will probably find another profession after more than 25 years of nursing. I will not get the flu shot as I have had bad reactions in the past. I feel humiliated wearing a mask having to explain why to patients and visitors. It’s also hot and uncomfortable. The backs of my ears are sore from the ear loops. I came home from work today and broke into tears. What are we coming to?? Really look at the research on vaccines and effectiveness never mind the side effects.

The hospital where I work made flu vaccine mandatory three years ago. I was/am medically exempt. The first two years a drs excuse was sufficient, however this past year (flu season) they required an allergist determine vaccine reaction. Even if there was a positive skin test reaction protocol requires for the HCW to receive the vaccine, slowly, over a 6 to 8 hour period while under the care of the allergist. Now, mind you, I am a clerical employee and have limited contact with pts.
I work mainly at a desk.

Having had a hx of anaphylaxis with the flu vaccine, I was required to visit the allergist. (However I am NOT allergic to eggs) After administering the skin test the site of testing appeared to be negative. However ten minutes into testing I began having an anaphylactic reaction. My mouth inside and out begin to itch, as did the roof of my mouth and my throat, my lips began to swell and I became covered with hives and a rash. Plus my skin was beet red and warm all over.

I was administered meds to combat the reaction and observed for awhile before being released. The Dr said I was NOT to be vaccinated against flu this year nor in the future EVER!!

This all happened at the beginning of the flu season, now, in mid January, admin is going to require me to wear a mask. Wear it or else! All day long, 9+ hours.

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The Symptoms And Treatment
Of Canine Diabetes Explained


If You Love Your Dog And Are Worried Canine Diabetes Might Shorten His Or
Her Life — Relax, Help Is At Hand.

We can help if you have a problem feeding
your diabetic dog, need accurate information,
or want to save money on treatment.

When your dog is first diagnosed, Vets will often offer good advice on the initial treatment but be aware that much of this advice is quoted from textbooks and very few Vets have experience of treating a diabetic dog in a home environment.

Whilst there is no outright cure to diabetes in dogs, it can be controlled and our helpful guide give lots of useful information to help you and your pet to lead a near normal life.

There are three forms of canine diabetes, all of which display very similar symptoms, the most noticeable being:

  1. Your dog has increased urination.
  2. Your dog drinks frequently / excessively.
  3. Your dog begins to lose weight.
  4. Your dog is often tired, lethargic or sleeps more often.

Note that these symptoms are not exclusive to diabetes, but they are often the earliest signs detectable by owners.

Increased Urination
The increased urination is due to excess glucose which the animal is unable to process normally and so tries to get rid of by urinating. This frequent urination causes greater thirst, thus the animal must drink more frequently to replace the lost fluids.

Ketones
If the body cannot gain sufficient energy from the food consumed, it will burn stored fat resulting in a loss of body weight and ketones to become present.

Weight loss in a diabetic dog which eats normally or even one with an increased appetite is not uncommon. Ketones levels in the bloodstream can be tested and treatment, usually dietary, administered. If left untreated this can lead to ketoacidosis which in serious cases can become an emergency condition leading to coma and even death.

Tired or Lethargic
Normally active dogs which suddenly show signs of tiredness, no energy and take to sleeping a lot require urgent attention. An appointment should be made with your Vet ASAP to either prove or discount the possibility of diabetes.

There are three forms of Diabetes in dogs. They are Diabetes Mellitus, Diabetes Insipidus and Gestational Diabetes. Although all three types of Diabetes occur, Diabetes Mellitus is by far the most common. The use of insulin and prescribed food is often the only method available to enable effective control of your dog's diabetes once the disease has taken hold.

Diabetes Insipidus
This is an abnormal increase in urine output, fluid intake and often thirst. It causes symptoms such as urinary frequency because the urine output is not concentrated normally and instead of being a yellow color, the urine is pale, colorless or watery in appearance and the measured concentration (osmolality or specific gravity) is low.

Diabetes Insipidus resembles diabetes mellitus because the symptoms of both diseases are increased urination and thirst. However, in every other respect, including the causes and treatment, the diseases are completely unrelated.

Diabetes Mellitus in dogs.
Insulin is produced by the pancreas and helps regulate blood concentrations of glucose. Diabetes Mellitus is a disorder where their bodies are deficient in the production of insulin or unable to use the insulin produced effectively. The symptoms become worse as the disease progresses so the sooner it is diagnosed the better to avoid complications.

The Symptoms of Diabetes Mellitus in dogs.
High blood sugar levels (hyperglycemia) develop because the animal’s body is unable to break down and use glucose properly. This inability causes sugar to appear in the urine (glucosuria) that in turn causes an excessive amount of urination (polyuria). To compensate for the increase in urination the dog must drink an excessive amount (polydipsia).

Gestational Diabetes
This occurs only in female dogs during pregnancy when her body does not produce enough insulin or cannot use the insulin it produces correctly. Gestational diabetes has the same symptoms as Diabetes Mellitus and is treated similarly with diet control and sometimes with insulin injections.

The most obvious symptom is that of a normally well house-trained dog urinating in the home for no apparent reason. Sometimes this can be confused with incontinence, particularly with elderly dogs, but there are other conditions, such as a bladder infection, which can display the same symptoms.

A relatively simple blood test is required to give an accurate diagnosis. Although the same equipment used for human diabetes blood-sugar checking can also suffice, if the tests confirm diabetes a diabetes management program will be required right away.

The Canine Diabetes Management Guide is an electronic book available
for Windows, Mac, Linux, Kindle, iPhone and iPad.

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Bleiben Sie informiert mit dem Newsletter von netdoktor.at

Autoren:
Dr. med. Peter Mahlknecht, Univ. Prof. Dr. Franz X. Heinz, Univ. Prof. Dr. Theresia Popow-Kraupp
Medizinisches Review:
Theresia Popow-Kraupp
Redaktionelle Bearbeitung:
Mag. (FH) Silvia Hecher, MSc

Stand der Information: Februar 2015

Quellen: Robert Koch Institut, http://www.rki.de (Stand 5.11.2010)
Bundesministerium für Gesundheit, http://www.bmg.gv.at (Stand 5.11.2010)
Österreichische Agentur für Gesundheit und Ernährungssicherheit GmbH (AGES), http://www.ages.at (Stand 5.11.2010)
Antiinfektiva – Behandlung von Infektionen. Initiative Arznei und Vernunft, Pharmig - Verband der pharmazeutischen Industrie Österreich, 2. Auflage, Dezember 2010 ( http://www.pharmig.at/uploads/AuV_Antiinfektiva_LL_5809_DE.pdf)

Hallo erstmal, Ich (m) bin 22 Jahre alt und Student. Normalerweise bin ich eigentlic.

Kann eine Grippe auch zu Meningitis führen? Ich liege im Bett mit Fieber, Husten und.

Hallo, ich komme gerade von einem KA-Termin mit meiner kleinen Tochter (7,5 Monate).

Die Influenza-Saison beginnt wie jedes Jahr mit einem Impfaufruf. Impfen lassen, ja oder nein? netdoktor hilft bei der Entscheidungsfindung.

Haemophilus influenzae ist ein Bakterium, von dem früher fälschlicherweise angenommen wurde, dass es der "echten Grippe" (Influenza) zugrunde liegt, …

Die Impfung gegen die Influenza soll vor der "echten Grippe" schützen. Besonders kranke und ältere Menschen sollten diese in Erwägung ziehen.

Myositis is the medical term for muscle inflammation. In myositis, inflammation damages the fibers of a muscle. This causes muscles to be weak by interfering with the ability of the muscles to contract. Although myositis can cause muscle aches and muscle tenderness, weakness is usually the dominant symptom.

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    Believe in yourself ladies, find an ob/gyn who offers saliva testing. Blood testing will do, but it is not as sensitive or as accurate. Never take synthetic hormones such as birth control. Bioidentical creams or pills are an exact replica of what the body makes, and this is the only way to heal the problem. Good luck to all, and God bless you.

    36) It is always the same answer: "go see the doctor, ask the doctor." I do not think they are educated enough or do not want to be to help with balancing hormones. It seems that, at least with my experience, they are more interested in doing the surgery than recommend any over the counter progesterone creams, since the surgery gives them more money.

    When I went to my female doctor, she checked my hormones (not on certain days), but my low progesterone did not bother her. She wanted to run more expensive and involved tests. I asked her if she planned to help me with my symptoms (which were all indicating low progesterone and explained by fibroid that I have). She just wanted more tests. Based on those, the only solutions on her list were different types of surgery.

    I looked online and decided to just give natural progesterone cream a try. All of my problems are gone or almost gone. It would be very nice if any doctor could educate me on that and keep an eye on the level of my progesterone (which I do not even know since it was not checked properly), but I am doing the best I can.

    Shame on you doctors. Educate yourselves to help people. That is your job! You are the ones who are supposed to educate women on all of our options, not chat blogs on internet.

    By the way, I changed the doctor for a male and he is more open minded about progesterone cream, but let me experiment with the amount of it myself.

    35) Update from anon303795, post 34: It has been less than two weeks since I wrote my original post, so I will update.

    I started taking 1000 mg of calcium, 4,000 mg of vitamin D, 500 mg. of magnesium, one Indole Forte, and half an Iodoralm plus daily probiotics. I have to say, I immediately started feeling less body, muscle and bone pain! I sleep better also. Along with these vitamins, I still take my synthroid in the morning for my thyroid, one melatonin at night to help with sleep, and I also take one amitriptyline (20 mg antidepressant) at night. These, I have taken for a few years now. The vitamins are newly added and in higher doses, and I feel so much better!

    I still have two other vitamins to start taking, which are methyl balance and ProEPA for my inherited MTHFR gene mutation, but I cannot start these until after I finish the radiation therapy for breast cancer. I have 3 more weeks. But I just want to stress to all reading this post to find yourself a good doctor who is willing to test all levels of everything in your body and go over each individually. Once you get results from that, you can find what supplements/vitamins/minerals your body needs and get the proper doses to help alleviate some of the pain and misery we woman deal with on a daily basis.

    I also plan to start working on my hormonal imbalance with bioidentical hormones with this holistic doctor in a few weeks, again, once the breast cancer process is completed.

    I'm sure once I get that balanced, I will feel even better! I'm still irritated that I have to pay for all this out of my pocket when I have worked for a major corporation for 28 years and paid into full medical benefits for that long. But again, insurance feels that traditional medicine is the answer for everyone, when in fact, I have full proof, based on the years of misery I have suffered, that it does not work for me and that if I just had one of the 15 different traditional doctors I visited, recommend to me to increase vitamins/supplements/hormones, and test me on these levels, I would not have suffered for years in pain and may not have had a lot of the surgeries/breast cancer, that I have had to battle!

    34) I just recently found out that my progesterone did not even register on the chart, it was so low! I have been going to doctors (9 of them total) for 15 years to try and get help. I found I had low thyroid 16 years ago and went on Synthroid. I also had horrible periods since age 13 when I started. I was put on birth control at age 16 to help regulate my cycle and help with the cramps and clotting. I was on birth control, on and off, for about 20 years.

    I managed to get pregnant with my first child very easily. I did not go back on birth control after and it took me five years to gget pregnant with my second child and I had to take fertility drugs (clomid). At age 40, I stopped all birth control because I was tired of feeling horrible almost my entire adult life. I was diagnosed with Fibromyalgia and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome a few years ago.

    I am 48 years old now. I cannot remember when I last had a solid night of sleep, my body is in constant pain from head to toe and I have IBS. I have gained/lost up to 30-50 pounds over the years with dieting, but seem to always gain the weight back. I have had horrible brain fog and on some days I feel like a zombie just walking or driving the earth! It's been hell!

    I had a hysterectomy five years ago because I had a cyst as big as a grapefruit on my ovary. I still have one ovary left. Last August, I was diagnosed with breast cancer and I am currently going through radiation treatments for that. I did find my lump early on and it had not spread to the lymph nodes but I still had surgery to remove the tumor and now radiation. Chemo was not necessary since I caught it early on.

    I recently found a female doctor who is more into the natural approach of treating the female body. She took nine tubes of blood from me and also had me collect my urine and bowel for 24 hours to send off for testing. I found out my estrogen is low and my testosterone did not even register, it was so low. I also found out that I am vitamin D deficient, calcium deficient, magnesium deficient, and that I have inherited a mutation gene from my parents for MTHFR, which is a lack of folate that can cause coronary heart disease/heart attack and stroke! She put me on a vitamin called Methyl Balance that she said I should stay on for life and said my sons should have blood work done to see if they have inherited the gene also.

    I also found out that my T4 for thyroid is not producing T3, and you need both to balance your thyroid levels. I will work to balance my hormones later, after I finish my breast cancer treatment. I truly believe is what caused me to get breast cancer in the first place: I am estrogen positive, and I believe it caused the cyst that led me to hysterectomy. I also believe this is why I had difficulty getting pregnant with my second child and probably the cause many years ago of irregular and painful periods.

    I have been to nine different doctors over the last 15 years and no other doctor has been able, nor has taken the time, to help me. I have about 15 different bottles of prescription drugs that were prescribed to me but I have taken hardly any of them, or I would try them and find the side effects were worse than the illness. Unfortunately, my insurance does not cover the holistic MD I found, I have worked for the same employer for 28 years paying for medical insurance, and when I finally found a doctor who could help me, they will not pay for her, or for all the vitamins she has prescribed for me. This is frustrating and does not make sense!

    33) I had many of the symptoms everyone here has mentioned and can't finish my degree due to all of this. My symptoms began five years ago and I'm now 49.

    At the insistence of my chiropractor, I sought help from a functional medicine DO. Has been a tremendous help. My progesterone is 17, and I have low thyroid and adrenals, plus I'm not absorbing vitamins and nutrients.

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    Another type of influenza vaccine (nasal spray) is made with live attenuated (altered) influenza viruses (LAIV) but is not currently recommended by the CDC. This vaccine is made with live viruses that can stimulate the immune response enough to confer immunity but do not cause classic influenza symptoms (in most instances). The nasal spray vaccine (FluMist) was only approved for healthy individuals ages 2-49 years of age and was recommended preferentially for healthy children aged 2 through 8 who did not have contraindications to receiving the vaccine, if it is readily available. This nasal spray vaccine contains live attenuated virus (less able to cause flu symptoms due to a designed inability to replicate at normal body temperatures). This live vaccine could possibly cause the disease in infants and immunocompromised people and does not produce a strong immune response in many older people. Side effects of the nasal spray vaccine include nasal congestion, sore throat, and fever. Headaches, muscle aches, irritability, and malaise have also been noted. In most instances, if side effects occur, they only last a day or two. This nasal spray has been produced for conventional flu viruses and should not be given to pregnant women or anyone who has a medical condition that may compromise the immune system because in some instances the flu may be a side effect. Please note that the CDC recommended that the nasal spray (LAIV) vaccine should not be used during the 2017-2018 flu season because of relatively lower effectiveness seen from 2013-2016 (see the entire recommendation at http://www.cdc.gov/media/releases/2016/s0622-laiv-flu.html).

    Some people do not receive influenza vaccine because they believe it is not very effective. There are several different reasons for this belief. People who have received influenza vaccine may subsequently have an illness that is mistaken for influenza, and they believe that the vaccine failed to protect them. In other cases, people who have received the vaccine may indeed have an influenza infection. Overall vaccine effectiveness varies from year to year, depending upon the degree of similarity between the influenza virus strains included in the vaccine and the strain or strains that circulate during the influenza season. Because the vaccine strains must be chosen nine to 10 months before the influenza season, and because influenza viruses mutate over time, sometimes mutations occur in the circulating virus strains between the time the vaccine strains are chosen and the next influenza season ends. These mutations sometimes reduce the ability of the vaccine-induced antibody to inhibit the newly mutated virus, thereby reducing vaccine effectiveness. This commonly occurs with the conventional flu vaccines as the specific virus types chosen for vaccine inclusion are based on reasoned projections for the upcoming flu season. Occasionally, the vaccine does not match the actual predominating virus strain and is not very effective in generating a specific immune response to the predominant infecting flu strain.

    Vaccine efficacy also varies from one person to another. Past studies of healthy young adults have shown influenza vaccine to be 70%-90% effective in preventing illness. In the elderly and those with certain chronic medical conditions such as HIV, the vaccine is often less effective in preventing illness. Studies show the vaccine reduces hospitalization by about 70% and death by about 85% among the elderly who are not in nursing homes. Among nursing-home residents, vaccine can reduce the risk of hospitalization by about 50%, the risk of pneumonia by about 60%, and the risk of death by 75%-80%. However, these figures did not apply to the 2014-2015 flu vaccine because the quadrivalent (four antigenic types) vaccine did not match well with 2014-2015 circulating strains of the flu (vaccine effectiveness was estimated to be 23%). This occurs because the vaccine needs to be produced months before the flu season begins, so the vaccine is designed by projecting and choosing the most likely viral strains to include in the vaccine. If drift results in changing the circulating virus from the strains used in the vaccine, efficacy may be reduced. However, the vaccine is still likely to lessen the severity of the illness and to prevent complications and death, according to the CDC.

    Why should the flu (influenza) vaccine be taken every year?

    Although only a few different influenza virus strains circulate at any given time, people may continue to become ill with the flu throughout their lives. The reason for this continuing susceptibility is that influenza viruses are continually mutating, through the mechanisms of antigenic shift and drift described above. Each year, the vaccine is updated to include the most current influenza virus strains that are infecting people worldwide. The fact that influenza viral genes continually change is one of the reasons vaccine must be taken every year. Another reason is that antibody produced by the host in response to the vaccine declines over time, and antibody levels are often low one year after vaccination so even if the same vaccine is used, it can act as a booster shot to raise immunity.

    Many people still refuse to get flu shots because of misunderstandings, fear, "because I never get any shots," or simply a belief that if they get the flu, they will do well. These are only some of the reasons -- there are many more. The U.S. and other countries' populations need to be better educated about vaccines; at least they should realize that safe vaccines have been around for many years (measles, mumps, chickenpox, and even a vaccine for cholera), and as adults they often have to get a vaccine-like shot to test for tuberculosis exposure or to protect themselves from tetanus. The flu vaccines are as safe as these vaccines and shots that are widely accepted by the public. Consequently, better efforts need to be made to make yearly flu vaccines as widely acceptable as other vaccines. Susceptible people need to understand that the vaccines afford them a significant chance to reduce or prevent this potentially debilitating disease, hospitalization and, in a few, a lethal flu-caused disease.

    What are some flu treatments an individual can do at home (home remedies)?

    First, individuals should be sure they are not members of a high-risk group that is more susceptible to getting severe flu symptoms. Check with a physician if you are unsure if you are a higher-risk person. Home care is recommended by the CDC if a person is healthy with no underlying diseases or conditions (for example, asthma, lung disease, pregnant, or immunosuppressed).

    Increasing liquid intake, warm showers, and warm compresses, especially in the nasal area, can reduce the body aches and reduce nasal congestion or head congestion. Nasal strips and humidifiers may help reduce congestion, especially while trying to sleep. Some physicians recommend nasal irrigation with saline to further reduce congestion; some recommend nonprescription decongestants like pseudoephedrine (Sudafed). Fever can be treated with over-the-counter acetaminophen (Tylenol) or ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin and others); read labels for safe dosage. Cough can be suppressed by cough drops, over-the-counter cough syrup, or cough medicine that may contain dextromethorphan (Delsym) and/or guaifenesin (Mucinex). Notify a doctor if an individual's symptoms at home get worse.

    Individuals with mild flu symptoms may not require the care of a physician unless they are a member of a high-risk group as described above. For many individuals, treatment is provided by their primary care physician or provider (including internists or family medicine specialists and physician assistants and other primary caregivers) or pediatrician. Complicated or severe flu infections may require consultation with an emergency-medicine physician, critical care specialist, infectious-disease specialist, and/or a lung specialist (pulmonologist).

    The CDC published the following guidance concerning antiviral drugs:

    Antiviral medications with activity against influenza viruses are an important adjunct to influenza vaccine in the control of influenza.

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    Symptoms appear with a few days of coming in contact with the flu virus. Usually, from someone sneezing around you or hand to face contact with an item touched by someone who is infected. The flu can spread so quickly because its incubation period is very short. It can last from a few day to a week or longer. Often the experience of weakness may last long after the flu is gone.

    Whether you have a cold or the flu, it is important to keep hydrated. You can lessen the severity of a cold by getting lots of rest and increasing fluids. There are homeopathic cold remedies that really help. (see at end of post) The flu can be stopped or shortened when treated upon immediate onset by homeopathic and anti-viral medications. A yearly flu shot is especially advised if you fall into the risk category, but research the ingredients in new flu shots. Try the common cold and flu treatments below.

    • Brewer’s Yeast is high in vitamin B, chromium, and protein. Good for flu, cold respiratory infection. Take at the first signs of a cold or flu
    • Chiropractic adjustment has shown great results as it can improve the nervous and immune system.
    • Echinacea helps to fight infections. Take as soon as you feel sick.(1,000 mg 2-3x daily) Said to be as effective as TamiFlu.
    • Elderberry – Boosts immune system, relieves sinus and respiratory pain
    • Fresh Air – Often the air in your home is more polluted than the air outside. Spend a little time going out for fresh air. Use an air purifier.
    • Oregano Oil t is an antiviral take twice a day up to 100 mg a day
    • Frankincense and clove oils – Rubbing peppermint and frankincense essential oil to the neck and bottoms of the feet can naturally support the immune system.
    • Pepperment Oil – Help to open nasal passages.
    • Drink Green and chamomile tea – these teas and have powerful antioxidants help to build the immune system.
    • Vitamin C (1,000 mg 3-4x daily. Up to 4,000 when symptoms appear. Builds immune system and white blood cells. Can be obtained by fruits and vegetable as well as supplements.
    • Vitamin D regulates the immune system and can be received by sunlight or a supplement. Take 2,000 rather than 200-400 units per day up to three times daily.
    • Probiotics help restore good bacteria to your gut. They can also help with diarrhea symptoms.
    • Water: It is easy to become dehydrated when you are experiencing vomiting, diarrhea or a sore throat. Drinks lots of water. Alkaline water if you can find it.
    • Zinc – Support immune system. Take in form of pill or spray (50-100 mg daily)

    The so-called common cold, is the most common infectious disease in existence, having more than 200 types of viral associations, such as respiratory and nasal viruses. Cold symptoms are progressive, starting with sneezing, difficulty breathing and a runny nose. This will continue until the whole head is congested. It then moves down to the throat, causing inflammation and soreness.

    Other symptoms of a cold can be stiff muscles, loss of appetite coughing and headaches. People who suffer from allergies may experience longer symptoms. Cold symptoms will appear from one day to one week after becoming exposed to a cold virus.

    The Mayo Clinic states that these are the varied symptoms of a cold:

    • A cough
    • Sneezing
    • Congestion
    • A sore throat
    • Stuffy/runny nose
    • Low-grade fever
    • Body aches and headache
    • Generally feeling ill

    Of course, these indications will differ from person to person. Children and the elderly and those with compromised immune symptoms may be affected more than a healthy adult. While babies and younger children tend to have fevers up to 102 degrees with the cold, older children and adults ten to have colds without fever. A child can have 5 or more colds each year while adult 2 to 3 a year.

    No Cure for a Cold

    There is no cure for a cold. It has to ‘run its course’. A cold is caused by various viruses which mutate too quickly in the human body to find a suitable remedy. Since there is no cure for the cold, it is best to try to prevent becoming infected.

    How to Prevent Getting a Cold? Is this really possible when living around so many people? Things that can help.

    • Be aware, one of the main ways of transmission of this virus is the air.
    • When in a closed space with someone with a cold, cover your face.
    • When someone sneezes or coughs, the germs travel and lands on surfaces.
    • Wash your hands after you touch doorknobs, keyboards, remote control, ATM machine.
    • Be aware of hand to face contamination.
    • Avoid people who appear to be sick.
    • Eat a healthy diet.
    • Eat foods that strengthen the immune system.

    One of the best common cold and flu treatments and prevention is, avoiding someone who is sick and washing your hand frequently. Thankfully today there are many hand sanitizer on the market. Make sure you always have a bottle of sanitizer with you, if you can’t wash your hands immediately. Also, when at home periodically disinfect surfaces and doorknobs regularly. Antibacterial soap containing triclosan is also very helpful.

    Die nasse Jahreszeit ist bekannt dafür, dass viele an einer Erkältung leiden. Das Immunsystem ist meist im Keller, Viren und Bakterien haben somit ein leichtes Spiel. Heute sagen viele, umgangssprachlich Grippe, obwohl es sich nur um einfache Erkältung handelt. Die echte Grippe dagegen, ist viel schlimmer und nennt sich in der Fachsprache Influenza. Ob jemand von der echten Grippe oder nur von einer Erkältung heimgesucht wurde, lässt sich leicht herausstellen. Bei der echten Grippe ist es so, dass sich die meisten Patienten kurz vorher noch gesund fühlen. Das Fieber fängt plötzlich an und schießt in die Höhe. Über 38 Grad Celsius sind bei einer richtigen Grippe keine Seltenheit. Bei einer einfachen Erkältung fängt zuerst der Hals an zu kratzen, es kommt Schnupfen hinzu und meist auch Kopf- und Gliederschmerzen. Dies kann bei der Influenza auch auftreten, nur nicht so schleichend, wie bei einer Erkältung.

    Der Grippevirus wird durch die Tröpfcheninfektion übertragen. Das kann beim Niesen sein, beim Sprechen, Husten oder auch beim berühren einer Türklinke. Wer sich infiziert, erkrankt meist in ein bis drei Tagen an der Grippe. Deswegen ist es immer wichtig, sich regelmäßig die Hände zu waschen oder zu desinfizieren. Mittlerweile gibt es in den Drogerie- sowie Supermärkten tolle Hygiene Tücher, die man hierfür verwenden kann. Komplett schützen kann man sich leider nicht vor Grippeviren. Generell gilt, wer ein gutes Immunsystem hat, erkrankt nicht so häufig daran, wie andere. Statt sich einem Hygienewahn zu unterwerfen, tun es pro Tag – fünf Portionen Obst noch eher.

    Diese Symptome treten bei einer Grippeerkrankung auf:

    Wer sich nicht sicher ist, ob er an der Influenza leidet, kann sich an folgenden Symptomen orientieren. Es wird bei hohem Fieber, das nicht verschwindet, dringend geraten, einen Arzt aufzusuchen. Vor allem dann, wenn es plötzlich auftritt.

    f) hier und da auch Durchfall, Übelkeit und Erbrechen

    Wichtige Schritte bei Symptome Grippe bzw. einer Influenza:

    Bei einer leichten Erkältung muss niemand gleich zum Arzt laufen. Die meisten Patienten kennen bereits ihren Körper und wissen, was am besten hilft. Kommt Fieber ins Spiel, sollte niemand damit scherzen, weil es hier nicht nur um den eigenen Körper geht. Wer mit einer richtigen Grippe in die Arbeit geht, sollte einem das überhaupt gelingen, steckt damit eventuell unschuldige Menschen an. Deswegen sollte der Weg zum Arzt, doch an erster Stelle stehen. Bei der Influenza sind ebenso andere Maßnahmen erforderlich, als bei einer einfachen Erkältung. Bei den Influenza A Viren wird beispielsweise Amantadin zur Therapie eingesetzt. Das sind Medikamente, die nur der Arzt verschreibt. Influenza Viren sollte niemand unterschätzen, da sie wirklich gefährlich sein können. Hühnersuppe alleine hilft in dem Fall nur wenig weiter.

    Fluish Feeling Meaning and Causes of Flu-Like Sensation

    At times a person may feel unwell or is in discomfort without being able to identify any specific symptoms like nausea or pain. It is a generalized sensation that cannot be localized to a certain part of the body. This is commonly referred to as a fluish feeling or a flu-like feeling. The correct medical term for this sensation is malaise. The flu (seasonal influenza) is the most common recurrent ailment that humans experience throughout life. One of the main features of this viral infection is malaise which precedes the other symptoms and persists throughout the illness. Therefore it is only natural that most people describe malaise as feeling fluish or a flu-like sensation since they are very familiar with this sensation.

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    A = consistent, good-quality patient-oriented evidence; B = inconsistent or limited-quality patient-oriented evidence; C = consensus, disease-oriented evidence, usual practice, expert opinion, or case series. For information about the SORT evidence rating system, go to https://www.aafp.org/afpsort.xml.

    Patients seek care for cold symptoms during all seasons of the year, with cough being the third most common and nasal congestion the 15th most common presenting symptom among all office visits.1 The common cold is the third most common primary diagnosis in office visits.1 Colds are self-limited, usually lasting up to 10 days; therefore, management is directed at symptom relief rather than treating the infection. Multiple remedies, including complementary and alternative medicine products, over-the-counter products, and prescription drugs, have been used to prevent and treat cold symptoms.

    When medications are requested, physicians play an important role in educating patients about the treatment choices. Many familiar prescription cough and cold medications were removed from the market in early 2011 because the U.S. Food and Drug Administration had not evaluated them for safety, effectiveness, or quality.2 Physicians should caution patients about over-the-counter and complementary and alternative medicine products because manufacturers are not required to prove claims of therapeutic benefit.

    Cold and cough medications are among the top 20 substances leading to death in children younger than five years.3 In 2008, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration recommended that over-the-counter cough and cold medications be avoided in children younger than two years.4 After the removal of over-the-counter infant cough and cold medications from pharmacy shelves, the estimated number of emergency department visits for adverse events involving these medications was cut in half for children younger than two years.5 Manufacturers of these medications have voluntarily modified the product labels to state that they should not be used in children younger than four years.6

    Prescription and Over-the-Counter Products. Because viruses cause most colds, antibiotics are ineffective.7 Low-dose inhaled corticosteroids8 and oral prednisolone9 do not improve outcomes in children without asthma. Echinacea products also are ineffective for treating cold symptoms in children.10 There is no evidence to support the use of most over-the-counter cough remedies in children.11, 12 Table 1 summarizes findings of studies on these medications.7 – 14

    Therapies Not Effective for the Common Cold in Children

    Cochrane review of four studies7

    No difference in persistence of symptoms for the common cold or acute purulent rhinitis compared with placebo

    Cochrane review of three RCTs13

    No significant difference in cough, dyspnea, or overall general health compared with placebo

    One cohort study12

    Not superior to placebo in nocturnal cough or sleep quality in the child or parents

    One cohort study12

    Not superior to placebo in nocturnal cough or sleep quality in the child or parents

    Cochrane review of two RCTs10

    No difference in severity of symptoms, peak of symptom severity, number of days of fever, or parental report of severity score compared with placebo

    Low-dose inhaled corticosteroids