Wenn wir krank sind mit einer Virusinfektion, ist es, weil das Virus in Zellen in unserem Körper eingegeben und übernommen ihre Maschinen, um Kopien von sich selbst zu machen. Die Suche nach Möglichkeiten, diesen Prozess zu stören, ist wichtig für die antivirale Arzneimittelentwicklung. Jetzt zeigt eine neue Studie, wie das Grippevirus auf ein Protein in der Wirtszelle angewiesen ist, um ihm zu helfen, seine Mission zu vollenden.
You can also catch flu by touching an infected person, for instance, shaking hands. Adults are contagious 1-2 days before getting symptoms and up to 7 days after becoming ill. This means that you can spread the influenza virus before you even know you are infected.
In this article, we explain the symptoms of flu, how it is treated, how it differs from a cold, and the best ways to prevent flu occurring.
Here are some key points about flu. More detail and supporting information is in the main article.
- Antibiotics cannot be used to treat flu.
- Approximately 5-20 percent of Americans will develop flu.
- Experts agree that the best way to prevent flu is to get vaccinated each year.
- The flu vaccine is not suitable for certain groups of people, such as those who have a severe allergy to chicken eggs.
Confusing flu with a bad cold is common. Flu and cold symptoms may both include a runny/blocked nose, sore throat, and cough.
To help you tell them apart, below are some symptoms of flu that are different from a heavy cold:
- high temperature
- cold sweats and shivers
- aching joints and limbs
- fatigue, feeling exhausted
There may also be gastrointestinal symptoms, such as nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea; these are much more common among children than adults.
Normally, symptoms linger for about 1 week. However, the feeling of tiredness and gloom can continue for several weeks.
It is worth noting that not every person with flu will have all of the symptoms; for instance, it is possible to have flu without fever.
Often, fatigue is one of the earliest signs of flu and cold. With flu, the fatigue is often more extreme. Other early symptoms can include cough, sore throat, fever, body ache, chills, and gastrointestinal changes.
As flu is caused by a virus, antibiotics cannot help, unless the flu has led to another illness caused by bacteria. Antivirals, such as oseltamivir (Tamiflu) and zanamivir (Relenza), may be prescribed in some circumstances.
Painkillers can alleviate some of the symptoms, such as headache and body pains. Various painkillers are available to purchase online. It is important to compare different products, and only take them under the advice of a medical professional.
Some painkillers, such as aspirin, should not be given to children under 12.
Individuals with flu should:
- stay at home
- avoid contact with other people where possible
- keep warm and rest
- consume plenty of liquids
- avoid alcohol
- stop smoking
- eat if possible
It is a good idea for people that live alone to tell a relative, friend, or neighbor that they have flu and make sure someone can check in on them.
A doctor only needs to be informed if:
- the individual is frail or elderly
- their temperature remains high after 4-5 days
- symptoms worsen
- the individual feels seriously ill
- they become short of breath and/or develop chest pain
Comments: Because Dairy Intolerance is genetic - if you have children - you have already passed on the genetic material to them. Make sure you alert them to the possibility of dairy - or other food intolerance - so they can make changes and protect themselves from future disease.
If your parents or grandparents are having health problems - why not share this knowledge with them? Dairy sensitive people improve dramatically on a Dairy-free diet.
A. Lactose Intolerance: The simple strategy for managing Lactose Intolerance is to switch to a Dairy-free diet. However the symptoms for Lactose intolerance are similar to - and often confused with Fructose intolerance. Make sure you know which one you have. To differentiate between food intolerances you need the accurate and proven Journal Method.
B. Casein Allergy: A dairy-free diet is the answer. However - because milk derivatives are so cheap and abundant - there are now thousands of processed foods and supplements containing Casein (e.g. as "milk solids" or "whey powder" and others). The Complete Guide to Dairy-Free is included in the Healing Program
Here at foodintol ® we don't regard dairy intolerance as a 'disease'. Therefore it does not need to be 'cured'. Any food intolerance only comes about because we eat foods we cannot fully digest.
Dairy intolerance is the inability to digest cow's milk - because your body does not have the equipment to process it. After all, cow's milk is intended for the cow's offspring, the calf.
The symptoms and illnesses caused by dairy intolerance disappear when you stick to a Dairy-free diet. You could try it and see if you get better. Track your symptoms with the Detection Diet Journal in the Healing Program
I think I might have food intolerance: What should I do?
Beginning with our free e-book, we can help you establish if you are suffering from gluten or wheat intolerance or if your symptoms indicate an intolerance to dairy, fructose or yeast. You may even be suffering from more than one food intolerance.
Doing nothing can be a risk. Undiagnosed food intolerance can cause serious long-term health problems like osteoporosis, anaemia and many others.
To learn more – sign up for the free e-book‘How To Tell If You have Food Intolerance’
Up to 75% of the world’s population is lactose intolerant to some extent*. In some communities it is even higher (e.g. 90% of African Americans are Lactose Intolerant, and
80% of Asians). Generally this is not well-known but clinical studies almost forty years ago in the US bear it out.
Humans are the only mammals on earth to continue drinking milk after weaning at
2 years of age. And even then it is not our own human milk - but the milk of another species - cows. Western nations consume enormous amounts of cow's milk in products like ice cream, probiotics, butter, yogurt and of course cheese - and in thousands of processed foods like cookies, confectionery and cakes.
Lactose Intolerance is the inability to digest Lactose, milk sugar, which can only be broken down by an enzyme called lactase. In all mammals including Humans the production of lactase stops after weaning. There are some however - generally of Northern European descent who continue to produce lactase after weaning. This minority is known as 'lactase persistent'.
Medikamente gegen Grippe
Zur gezielten Behandlung der Grippe stehen antivirale – also gegen Viren wirkende – Stoffe zur Verfügung: Oseltamivir und Zanamivir hemmen die Neuraminidase, eines der Oberflächenmoleküle des Virus. Die Neuraminidase spielt unter anderem eine wichtige Rolle bei der Freisetzung der Viren von einer infizierten Zelle.
Your Photo Today/A1Pix
Jährlich fällig: Die Grippeimpfung
Es existieren wirksame Impfstoffe gegen die Grippe. Der Inhalt wird regelmäßig angepasst, damit er möglichst gut gegen die häufigsten aktuellen Virustypen der Saison schützt. Deshalb und weil die Wirksamkeit der Impfung nicht lange anhält, ist jährlich eine neue Impfung notwendig.
Wegen des sich ständig verändernden Virus kann jedoch keine Impfung hundertprozentig schützen. Um Infektionen vorzubeugen ist es daher außerdem empfehlenswert, auf eine gute Händehygiene zu achten. Bei Erkältungs- und Grippeepidemien kann es sinnvoll sein, auf die Begrüßung per Handschlag zu verzichten, um einer möglichen Ansteckung vorzubeugen.
Die Hände richtig waschen – unser Video zeigt, wie das geht:
If you are in immediate need of help, please contact your local Red Cross or find an open shelter
Seasonal Flu — A contagious respiratory illness caused by influenza (flu) viruses occurring every year. It affects an average of 5 percent to 20 percent of the U.S. population by causing mild to severe illness, and in some instances can lead to death.
Epidemic — The rapid spread of a disease that affects some or many people in a community or region at the same time.
Pandemic — An outbreak of a disease that affects large numbers of people throughout the world and spreads rapidly.
H1N1 Influenza (swine flu) — H1N1 influenza is a respiratory disease of pigs caused by type A influenza viruses that cause regular outbreaks in pigs. People do not normally get H1N1 influenza, but human infections can and do happen. H1N1 influenza viruses have been reported to spread from person-to-person.
Avian Influenza — Commonly known as bird flu, this strain of influenza virus is naturally occurring in birds. Wild birds can carry the virus and may not get sick from it; however, domestic birds may become infected by the virus and often die from it.
Are you considered high risk for flu-related complications?
You are at an increased risk if you are:
- Age 50 or older
- Living with a chronic medical condition
- A child, age 6 months and older
- Living with or caring for anyone at high risk
Chronic leukemia often causes only a few symptoms or none at all. Signs and symptoms usually develop gradually. People with a chronic leukemia often complain that they just do not feel well. The disease is often found during a routine blood test.
Other health conditions can cause the same symptoms as leukemia. See your doctor if you have:
- a general feeling of discomfort or illness (called malaise)
- loss of appetite
- weight loss
- shortness of breath
- rapid heartbeat (called palpitations)
- easy bruising
- frequent or severe nose bleeds
- bleeding gums
- bleeding in the middle of a menstrual cycle or heavy menstrual flow
- tiny, flat, red spots caused by bleeding just under the surface of the skin (called petechiae)
- frequent infections in the lungs, urinary tract or gums or around the anus
- frequent cold sores
- sore throat
- night sweats
- bone or joint pain
- enlarged lymph nodes in the neck, underarm, groin or above the collarbone
- abdominal discomfort or feeling of fullness
- vision problems
- sores in the eyes
- swelling of the testicles
- chloroma – a collection of leukemia cells, or blasts, under the skin or in other parts of the body
- leukemia cutis – appears as sores or as patches of any size that are usually pink or tan in colour
- leukocytoclastic vasculitis – a condition that looks like an allergic reaction on the skin and usually causes sores on the hands and feet
- Sweet’s syndrome, or acute febrile neutrophilic dermatosis – causes fever and painful sores that may appear anywhere on the body
In some cases, leukemia or its treatments can cause serious problems. These cancer-related emergencies need to be treated right away.
Tumour lysis syndrome can occur when chemotherapy is given to treat acute leukemia, but the cancer cells die quickly and the kidneys can’t remove the substances they release from the blood fast enough. Find out more about tumour lysis syndrome.
Superior vena cava syndrome (SVCS) may occur when too many leukemia cells develop in the thymus, causing it to get bigger and block the windpipe. SVCS may develop with acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL). Find out more about superior vena cava syndrome.
Disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) is a condition where blood clots develop in the bloodstream and bleeding also occurs. DIC can develop more often with acute promyelocytic leukemia, but also with other subtypes of acute myelogenous leukemia (AML). Find out more about disseminated intravascular coagulation.
A rare, cancerous (malignant), green-coloured tumour that develops with myelogenous leukemia. It is formed by the buildup of abnormal blast cells (immature blood cells) that collect in soft tissue outside the bone marrow.
Chloromas develop most often in the bone, skin, lymph nodes, breast, ovary, meninges (membranes that cover and protect the brain or the spinal cord) and around the eye.
Also called extramedullary leukemia or granulocytic sarcoma.
It's important to recognise the symptoms of cat flu as quickly as possible so you can take swift action to get your pet on the road to recovery.
Sneezing is one of the most obvious signs of cat flu or cat colds, and is usually accompanied by a discharge from the nose and eyes.
You may notice swelling around your cat's eyes, and in extreme cases, they can be completely closed.
After a few days, you may notice that the discharge from the eyes becomes yellow and much thicker. In many cases, your cat will become completely lethargic and have a high temperature.
Your cat will appear to have no interest in doing the things it
normally does and will seem out of sorts with everything.
Other symptoms to watch out for include tongue ulcers and enlarged tonsils which can make it very painful for your cat to eat and swallow. These symptoms are likely to lead to your cat refusing to eat and drink, creating a very real danger of dehydration.
Public Health England reports(9th January) that flu like illness is at a high compared to the last three years. They are recommending that people at risk can still have the flu jab- up take by even at risk people under 65 is very low at 50 %). Viruses do not respond to antibiotics but I guess GPs get desperate when people keep going back to their doctor with symptoms and so will try anything.
Cannot put a link in here otherwise the system will block this entry. but just type public health England flu in and the report is on their front page.
Thank you everyone for your thoughts and pointers if anyone finds a miracle cure please post it we're desperate.
we have just started getting over it my partner came down with it in earlie december he was rushed to hospital and told his white blood cells was not acting the way they was so i dont know if this has something to do with it but he is still been sick during the nights now and sleepy all the time the effects he had while e had the flu bug then i caught it 22nd december im still having problems now too!
im not as bad as i was the first week i had it but i have not gone back to normal my daughter 5 had it firsst in november early and then only managed to get rid of it this month everybody i know has had it now and keep re catching it or the symtoms dont go im from yorkshire
Thank you Steph thats really helpful as some of my relatives are in Yorkshire (Leeds and Hebden Bridge). Im not one for conspiracy theories but I cant believe that theres been nothing on the national news about how widespread this outbreak is and how long it knocks patients out for. My sister in law is a GP and she gets loads of cases and the same faces week after week. My 12 year old daughter is off school today because she feels barely able to move her neck her skin and her joints are really hurting Im taking her to the doctors (again. ) shortly. My symptoms are a terrible sharp cough and the same aching skin joints neck plus being full up with phlegm which is vile in itself. If the pain could be dealt with it would be something but nothing touches it!
when my partner took my son to doctors he said they was hundreds of patients that week with the same thing im left with weak legs sharp pains in head and vile phelm i hope you feel well soon god knows what it is even my cbt worker had it when i went my friend had the flu jab and still caught it i did find something online saying that its like a flu virus thats related but its making the flu jab not work or something never had anything like it though suppose new illness's start all the time though
Sounds rough! Hope everyone feels better soon. Here in the States, my city is number three in the nation for having the most cases of the flu. So far I have been fortunate, as well as my children.
Could there be something in your environment that is causing these drawn out symptoms? My first thought was possible allergies.
The fact that its spread across friends and family around the UK doesnt really make that stand up and that my daughter and I have been prescribed antihistermines too which had no effect doesnt really point to that but yes Ive thought about it. Ive wondered about methane which can cause flu like symptoms or something in our diet. Thank you though Ill try to see if theres any commonality between friends and family and their environment.
I'm not from the UK but from California. However, my wife and I have experienced the exact same symptoms since approximately October 10, 2014. Started with dry persistent non productive cough. 1st Dr. Said a cold. 3 weeks later visited second Dr given prednisone and antibiotics 4 weeks later 3rd Dr. Again gave prednisone and cough med's. Cough ceased for 3 days then returned with more like cold symptoms and productive cough with clear sputum. Still persistent cough, going to Dr. Again this evening. Wish me luck.
My husband and I have had the same symptoms since early December, constant coughing, finding it hard to breathe, head cold, muzzy head, neck aching etc. etc. and it lasted until about 2 weeks ago and we both felt ok - as we are singers it was a great relief not having to try and sing through the coughing, we had a weeks respite and we both woke up on Thursday morning with the symptoms back with a vengence, in fact during a coughing fit today I managed to cough up what looked like a piece of lung. almost solid cream coloured thing that had fine red lines in it, a bit frightening. We haven't been to the doctors as having spoken to a lot of other people that have similar symptoms they can't get anything done, so it isn't worth bothering, a couple were taken into hospital with breathing difficulties, I think they suffered with asthma as well, I find it really hard to breath and try to do so shallowly to stave off the coughing fit, we are getting through a mountain of paracetamol. By the way, we are on the south coast of England.
i have read your post and can not believe you have not seen a g p after coughing up what you describe and suggest you go and see a doctor a s a p,as you dont know exactly what you are suffering from,i know how you feel with doctors but you do need to be seen to sooner rather than later,i am not trying to frighten you in any way,but need a mdics advice on what could be wrong,good luck.