Si vous pensez présenter des symptômes de grippe, notre ligne sans frais et info-santé (8-1-1) sont de bonnes ressources pour vous guider.
Vous devriez consulter un médecin si vous présentez des symptômes de la grippe en plus d’un ou de plusieurs des symptômes ci-dessous:
- Perte d’appétit
- Essoufflement, difficulté et douleur à respirer
- Lèvres et/ou doigts bleutés
- Forte fièvre qui persiste durant plus de 3 jours
- Vomissements persistants
- Sang dans les sécrétions
Un enfant grippé qui ne mange pas, ne boit pas et ne joue pas devrait voir un médecin.
Aide à la décision
Aide à la decision si vous avez des symptômes de la grippe
Dans les cas sans complications, les symptômes de la grippe disparaissent habituellement sans traitement. Il est surtout recommandé de prendre du repos et de se soigner à la maison pour éviter de contaminer d’autres personnes.
Voici quelques façons de soulager vos symptômes:
- Se reposer
- Boire beaucoup d’eau
- Prendre des médicaments contre la fièvre en vente libre comme l’acétaminophène (Tylenols®), l’ibuprofène (Advil®) et l’acide acétylsalicylique (Aspirin®)
Pour tous médicaments en vente libre, n’oubliez pas de lire l’étiquette pour vous assurer que le traitement convienne à votre situation (âge, problématique de santé, etc.) ou consulter votre pharmacien, il saura vous guider.
Dans certains cas, le médecin peut également prescrire un médicament antiviral administré par voie orale. Pour être efficace, il doit être pris dans les 48 heures suivant l’apparition des premiers symptômes grippaux.
Les médicaments antiviraux tels que l’amantadine, le zanamivir et l’oseltamivir peuvent prévenir et traiter la grippe causée par le virus de type A ou B. Cependant, ils ne sont pas destinés à remplacer le vaccin annuel pour les gens à risques. Les médicaments antiviraux auront pour effet de diminuer les symptômes de la grippe s’ils sont administrés dans les 24 à 48 heures suivant l’apparition des symptômes. Notez qu’ils ne gênent pas l’action du vaccin administré par injection.
Ces médicaments ne doivent pas être considérés comme substitut à la vaccination qui demeure le meilleur moyen préventif contre la grippe.
On peut prévenir la grippe en se faisant vacciner tous les automnes. Le vaccin permet à l’organisme de produire les anticorps qui le protégeront pendant les cinq à six mois que dure la saison de la grippe. La vaccination annuelle permet de prévenir la grippe, et de réduire la gravité de la maladie. Le meilleur moment pour recevoir le vaccin antigrippal est au début de la saison grippale soit au mois d’octobre et de novembre.
Voici quelques façons simples et efficaces de vous protéger contre la grippe:
- Lavez-vous fréquemment les mains
- Nettoyez les surfaces les plus utilisées (poignets de porte, surfaces de comptoir, etc.)
- Limitez les contacts avec les personnes malades
- Faites-vous vacciner (consultez l’onglet Vaccination pour plus d’information sur le vaccin antigrippal)
En 2011, le Québec présentait le plus bas taux de vaccination au Canada avec 27% de sa population ayant reçu le vaccin. De plus, 25 % des Québécois affirmaient avoir contracté la grippe, ce qui représente le plus haut taux au pays.
En comparaison, la Colombie-Britannique a eu un taux de vaccination de 52% et, par conséquent, seulement 10% de la population avait été incommodée par la grippe cette même année.
Au Québec, chaque année, plus de 300 décès sont attribuables au virus de la grippe. Ce n’est donc pas une problématique à prendre à la légère.
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Cat flu is quite a nasty illness for your pet. If you have never seen a cat with flu then count yourself lucky. It is far worse than cat colds.
Our cats have always been vaccinated and have never caught the feline flu, but because Little Mo came from an animal shelter, we did not know her previous history and she caught the flu soon after we re-homed her.
Cat Flu is the common name given to a group of viruses, which affect the upper respiratory tract in cats.
Healthy cats are normally able to cope with the illness and it is not usually fatal, but it can be much nastier and dangerous to kittens and cats with a weaken immune system.
Anyway we all know how unpleasant the flu can be in ourselves, so it is something that we should try and protect our pets from catching it in the first place.
This is a very serious condition which can cause long term damage to some cats such as blindness. It can also kill young cats and which is why vaccination is so important.
The disease affects the:
- eyes, nose, mouth and windpipe. In severe cases it may even spread to the lungs and bronchi.
The viruses are spread:
- Via sneezing and contact with the discharges.
The Spread of the virus needs to be contained. The best method is to:
- Cats infected with the feline flu should be kept separate from other animals to prevent spreading the disease.
If you notice your cat displaying any of the following symptoms, you should take them to the vets immediately to have the illness diagnosed professionally and treated quickly.
The symptoms of cat flu can last between 7 and 14 days depending on the strain of virus.
Viral infections cannot be cured but the symptoms can be managed. Depending on the symptoms your cat is showing your vet may prescribe, eye drops and or antibiotics.
In severe cases where the cat cannot eat or drink due to mouth ulcers, your vet may want to keep your cat at the clinic so that they can be fed intravenously.
Another type of influenza vaccine (nasal spray) is made with live attenuated (altered) influenza viruses (LAIV) but is not currently recommended by the CDC. This vaccine is made with live viruses that can stimulate the immune response enough to confer immunity but do not cause classic influenza symptoms (in most instances). The nasal spray vaccine (FluMist) was only approved for healthy individuals ages 2-49 years of age and was recommended preferentially for healthy children aged 2 through 8 who did not have contraindications to receiving the vaccine, if it is readily available. This nasal spray vaccine contains live attenuated virus (less able to cause flu symptoms due to a designed inability to replicate at normal body temperatures). This live vaccine could possibly cause the disease in infants and immunocompromised people and does not produce a strong immune response in many older people. Side effects of the nasal spray vaccine include nasal congestion, sore throat, and fever. Headaches, muscle aches, irritability, and malaise have also been noted. In most instances, if side effects occur, they only last a day or two. This nasal spray has been produced for conventional flu viruses and should not be given to pregnant women or anyone who has a medical condition that may compromise the immune system because in some instances the flu may be a side effect. Please note that the CDC recommended that the nasal spray (LAIV) vaccine should not be used during the 2017-2018 flu season because of relatively lower effectiveness seen from 2013-2016 (see the entire recommendation at http://www.cdc.gov/media/releases/2016/s0622-laiv-flu.html).
Some people do not receive influenza vaccine because they believe it is not very effective. There are several different reasons for this belief. People who have received influenza vaccine may subsequently have an illness that is mistaken for influenza, and they believe that the vaccine failed to protect them. In other cases, people who have received the vaccine may indeed have an influenza infection. Overall vaccine effectiveness varies from year to year, depending upon the degree of similarity between the influenza virus strains included in the vaccine and the strain or strains that circulate during the influenza season. Because the vaccine strains must be chosen nine to 10 months before the influenza season, and because influenza viruses mutate over time, sometimes mutations occur in the circulating virus strains between the time the vaccine strains are chosen and the next influenza season ends. These mutations sometimes reduce the ability of the vaccine-induced antibody to inhibit the newly mutated virus, thereby reducing vaccine effectiveness. This commonly occurs with the conventional flu vaccines as the specific virus types chosen for vaccine inclusion are based on reasoned projections for the upcoming flu season. Occasionally, the vaccine does not match the actual predominating virus strain and is not very effective in generating a specific immune response to the predominant infecting flu strain.
Vaccine efficacy also varies from one person to another. Past studies of healthy young adults have shown influenza vaccine to be 70%-90% effective in preventing illness. In the elderly and those with certain chronic medical conditions such as HIV, the vaccine is often less effective in preventing illness. Studies show the vaccine reduces hospitalization by about 70% and death by about 85% among the elderly who are not in nursing homes. Among nursing-home residents, vaccine can reduce the risk of hospitalization by about 50%, the risk of pneumonia by about 60%, and the risk of death by 75%-80%. However, these figures did not apply to the 2014-2015 flu vaccine because the quadrivalent (four antigenic types) vaccine did not match well with 2014-2015 circulating strains of the flu (vaccine effectiveness was estimated to be 23%). This occurs because the vaccine needs to be produced months before the flu season begins, so the vaccine is designed by projecting and choosing the most likely viral strains to include in the vaccine. If drift results in changing the circulating virus from the strains used in the vaccine, efficacy may be reduced. However, the vaccine is still likely to lessen the severity of the illness and to prevent complications and death, according to the CDC.
Why should the flu (influenza) vaccine be taken every year?
Although only a few different influenza virus strains circulate at any given time, people may continue to become ill with the flu throughout their lives. The reason for this continuing susceptibility is that influenza viruses are continually mutating, through the mechanisms of antigenic shift and drift described above. Each year, the vaccine is updated to include the most current influenza virus strains that are infecting people worldwide. The fact that influenza viral genes continually change is one of the reasons vaccine must be taken every year. Another reason is that antibody produced by the host in response to the vaccine declines over time, and antibody levels are often low one year after vaccination so even if the same vaccine is used, it can act as a booster shot to raise immunity.
Many people still refuse to get flu shots because of misunderstandings, fear, "because I never get any shots," or simply a belief that if they get the flu, they will do well. These are only some of the reasons -- there are many more. The U.S. and other countries' populations need to be better educated about vaccines; at least they should realize that safe vaccines have been around for many years (measles, mumps, chickenpox, and even a vaccine for cholera), and as adults they often have to get a vaccine-like shot to test for tuberculosis exposure or to protect themselves from tetanus. The flu vaccines are as safe as these vaccines and shots that are widely accepted by the public. Consequently, better efforts need to be made to make yearly flu vaccines as widely acceptable as other vaccines. Susceptible people need to understand that the vaccines afford them a significant chance to reduce or prevent this potentially debilitating disease, hospitalization and, in a few, a lethal flu-caused disease.
What are some flu treatments an individual can do at home (home remedies)?
First, individuals should be sure they are not members of a high-risk group that is more susceptible to getting severe flu symptoms. Check with a physician if you are unsure if you are a higher-risk person. Home care is recommended by the CDC if a person is healthy with no underlying diseases or conditions (for example, asthma, lung disease, pregnant, or immunosuppressed).
Increasing liquid intake, warm showers, and warm compresses, especially in the nasal area, can reduce the body aches and reduce nasal congestion or head congestion. Nasal strips and humidifiers may help reduce congestion, especially while trying to sleep. Some physicians recommend nasal irrigation with saline to further reduce congestion; some recommend nonprescription decongestants like pseudoephedrine (Sudafed). Fever can be treated with over-the-counter acetaminophen (Tylenol) or ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin and others); read labels for safe dosage. Cough can be suppressed by cough drops, over-the-counter cough syrup, or cough medicine that may contain dextromethorphan (Delsym) and/or guaifenesin (Mucinex). Notify a doctor if an individual's symptoms at home get worse.
Individuals with mild flu symptoms may not require the care of a physician unless they are a member of a high-risk group as described above. For many individuals, treatment is provided by their primary care physician or provider (including internists or family medicine specialists and physician assistants and other primary caregivers) or pediatrician. Complicated or severe flu infections may require consultation with an emergency-medicine physician, critical care specialist, infectious-disease specialist, and/or a lung specialist (pulmonologist).
The CDC published the following guidance concerning antiviral drugs:
Antiviral medications with activity against influenza viruses are an important adjunct to influenza vaccine in the control of influenza.
The person who wishes to have a new sober life can achieve that goal at any one of some 45 Narconon centers around the world. After withdrawal, the Narconon program guides each person through an intensive detoxification phase called New Life Detoxification. Through running to get the blood circulating, followed by time in a dry-heat sauna to sweat out the drugs, and good nutirition and adequate sleep, drug residues flush out of the fatty tissues of the body. As traces of drug use are eliminated, participants report that they experience return of alertness and reduction or elimination of cravings for drugs.
As the cravings depart, a person begins to think more clearly. This means that they can begin to address the damage they have done to themselves with their drug abuse. One loses personal integrity and feels guilt over the harm done to loved ones. The ability to say no to drugs is often gone and there are troublesome people in one’s past who could make more trouble in the future. To stay sober, it is necessary to recover one’s self-respect and learn the skills needed to make the correct decision in each situation one encounters.
The later phases of the Narconon program address these necessary skills and recoveries. The Narconon program has no set time limit, but usually takes 8-10 weeks. Each person progresses at their own rate. The program takes as long as necessary for the individual to become free of drugs, discover for themselves why they turned to drugs in the first place, and to learn life skills that empower them to live drug-free. The goal of the program is an individual free of drugs and the desire to take them and living a productive and happy life as a contributing member of society.
Intestinal Parasites Symptoms
The Early Warning Signals
Common Intestinal Parasites Symptoms can be recognized as early warning signs that you've got unwanted visitors. Pay attention to your body when it is sounding out the alarm.
The funny thing about parasites is that they are sneaky. I don't suppose they have a brain that literally plots against us, but they are very clever at mimicking other ailments and are able to go undetected by doctors for many years.
That is one of the reasons that I adopted the practice of cleansing my system on a regular basis to insure that no little microscopic creepy crawlies are able to take up permanent residence in my digestive system.
By keeping my colon healthy, I am able to enjoy a stronger immune system that is more prepared to fight off any visiting bacteria that it encounters.
An intestinal parasite may live in your body without you really knowing about it for several years.
You may not experience any symptoms, or even dismiss them as "just getting older" or "having a hard day."
Some of the most common symptoms of parasitic infection are.
- watery diarrhea
- intestinal cramping
- bad breath