The Bad News: The current bird flu virus, a member of the H5N1 family, could mutate into a form that spreads among humans. No one in the world will have had exposure to this new flu, making it particularly virulent.

The Good News: Modern antiviral drugs may be effective against a pandemic-flu type virus, and supportive care, such as rehydration therapies and ventilators to help lungs under attack, are far more advanced.

The Bad News: The 1918 virus kills chicken eggs. Currently, modern vaccines are made by growing influenza in chicken eggs, extracting the virus and turning it into vaccines. Scientists are experimenting with new ways to produce flu vaccines, but even if they find ways to do this, worldwide production capacity is so limited that it would take months or years to make an adequate supply. — Vikki Valentine

But scientists are interested in what it can reveal about future pandemics. and they say the copy of the 1918 flu bears an ominous resemblance to the bird flu virus now circulating in Asia. — Richard Knox

A snapshot of what's known about the 1918 pandemic:

Name: The virus was at the time called the "Spanish Flu" by some. The label came from reports in the medical press that as many 8 million Spanish were killed by it in May 1918. The name is a misnomer, however, it's now thought that the 1918 flu originated in the United States.

Global Death Toll: Estimates range from 20 million to 100 million. Authors of the paper in this week's Nature say 50 million were killed in the pandemic.

Compared with Other Epidemics: The 1918 flu is thought to have killed the most people in the shortest amount of time. However, its spread was aided by modern ships and a world war that required moving huge armies quickly across the globe. The 14th-century's Black Death killed as many as 20 million in Europe alone over a period of two years. However, global population was much smaller, cities weren't as dense, and global transportation relied on wind and animal caravans; considering its high death toll, the bacteria that caused it may have been more deadly.

U.S. Death Toll: About 25 percent of the population was infected, with perhaps 650,000 people dying from the virus.

Symptoms: Normal flu symptoms of fever, nausea, aches and diarrhea. Many developed severe pneumonia attack. Dark spots would appear on the cheeks and patients would turn blue, suffocating from a lack of oxygen as lungs filled with a frothy, bloody substance.

Origins: New research reconstructing the virus suggests it began in birds, then rapidly mutated, leaping to humans.

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Household bleach mixed at a ratio of 1:32 is a inexpensive and effective way of destroying the virus on washable items.

Cat flu cannot be spread to humans.

Feline Herpes Virus symptoms usually lasts for about 7 -14 days and Calicivirus symptoms usually last for about 7 - 10 days.

Will my cat be a carrier of Cat Flu?

When cats have recovered from Cat Flu they continue to shed the virus especially at times of stress. Although they do not show any symptoms they have in fact become a carrier of the virus.

With Feline Herpes Virus the carrier state can last the lifetime of the cat.

How can I prevent Cat Flu

There are vaccinations available for Feline Herpes Virus-1 and Feline Calicivirus (FCV) Discuss a vaccination regime with your veterinarian.

Avian Flu Symptoms: How Can You Tell If You Have H5N1?

North America's first death from the H5N1 virus, also known as avian or bird flu, was reported in Alberta today, contracted by a victim who had just returned from China. While officials have been quick to reassure Canadians that this was an isolated incident and not related to the seasonal flu, this potentially fatal illness has many wondering about the symptoms of this influenza.

Most avian flu viruses do not infect humans, but some, like the highly pathogenic H5N1, can cause severe infections, according to the U.S. National Institutes of Health.

When the H5N1 strain of bird flu appears in humans, it mimics a severe case of the flu, like H1N1 (swine flu). Flu.gov, the U.S. site for flu information, notes that symptoms of H5N1 in humans include:

  • Acute respiratory distress

  • Shortness of breath/difficulty breathing

    The diagnosis of H5N1 based on symptoms alone is difficult because they are so similar to other flu strains; laboratory testing is required to confirm infection, according to the the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

    The bird flu is generally spread to people through direct contact with infected birds or poultry livestock. The H5N1 virus can live in the environment for extended periods, but cannot be contracted by eating properly handled, cooked poultry or eggs, and thus far has not shown any sign of spreading easily from person to person, though that is always a likelihood, warns the CDC. As the Lung Association notes, there has been limited transmission in the case of long-term contact with sick relatives.

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    Pain: Pain in the breasts and nipples, although indicative of several conditions and issues, can be a telltale sign of breast disease. When the pain accompanies such symptoms as nipple discharge, breast swelling or lumps, contact your physician.

    Peeling of Skin: Peeling or flaking of the nipple skin, in conjunction with other indicative symptoms, is symptomatic of breast cancer and inflammatory breast cancer, according to the Mayo Clinic.

    Lumps: Noticeable lumps in or surrounding breast tissue, such as underneath your arms, indicate both benign and malignant breast diseases. Lumps that come and go with a woman's menstrual cycle are normal hormonal occurrences, however, when lumps don't go away it may be indicative of malignant breast disease.

    Swollen Lymph Nodes: lymph nodes under your arms, in your breasts and sometimes in your neck become swollen and hard when breast disease and other conditions are apparent. Lymph nodes swell to fight off infection, which is a normal function, but when the lymph nodes continue to swell without going down, contacting your doctor is necessary to make a diagnosis.

    Signs and symptoms of eye disease are not only signals that something is amiss with your vision, they could also indicate ailments in other areas of your body. Indeed, many times an ophthalmologist can diagnose signs of such ailments as diabetes by a simple eye examination. Thus paying attention your eyes give can not only save your vision, but could also possibly save your life.

    Bleeding Never ignore bleeding, especially in the eyes. According to the Nethealthbook website, bleeding is always cause for alarm. It could be that a blood vessel is hemmorrhaging. In the case of a person with diabetes, it could be diabetic retinopathy, in which blood leaks from brittle vessels. If an ophthalmologist does not evaluate that condition right away, it could lead to blindness.

    Blind Spots: Blind spots could be an early sign of glaucoma. Sadly, often a patient doesn't even notice them until they invade his main area of vision. The Nethealthbook website notes that such spots could be an early sign of glaucoma. Evaluation by an eye doctor becomes key to avoiding irreversible blindness.

    Blurred/Distorted Vision: Any change in vision is a sign that you should contact your ophtalmologist. This is true especially if you notice blurriness, distortion or clouding in any part of your vision. According to the Docshop website, it could be a common ailment such as astigmatism, which means that objects appear distorted because your cornea has assumed an abnormal shape. This could also be a sign of other common eye problems such as nearsightedness and farsightedness, which a pair of eyeglasses or contacts can fix.

    Peripheral Vision Loss: According to the Docshop website, our peripheral vision is important in that it helps us discern danger from behind. Perhaps the best example of this is when you drive or ride a bicycle. You need to be able to see on either side of you. Thus if you notice a change in your side vision, go to an ophthalmologist and have them test the pressure behind your eyeballs; it could be glaucoma. If the doctor catches this early, he might be able to save your sight. By the time the disease causes pain, or that a significant amount of your vision is already gone, it is most likely too late.

    Because there are many possible conditions that follow under the umbrella of heart disease, the related symptoms are numerous. But here are some key symptoms to be aware of:

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    This causes weakening of the intestinal tissue, and so the separation begins to deteriorate, severely affecting digestion. Bacteria normally contained in the intestines is then allowed to flood the bloodstream, causing more problems.

    Three or four days later, the virus will be in the dog’s feces, and this is when you can really notice the smell. If you wait this long before realizing the truth, however, it might be too late.

    The dog parvo symptoms to look for in this case are the usual: vomiting, bloody diarrhea, and lethargy.

    Get your dog to a vet immediately.

    If your dog, especially your new puppy, begins exhibiting any of these symptoms, see a veterinarian right away. When parvo is involved, every hour counts. The secret of survival is quick treatment, so don’t ignore these symptoms! One or all of these will usually being showing after 3 – 10 days of infection.

    • Lethargic. If your dog normally likes to play and has high energy, this is the clearest sign that something is wrong. You could say they act depressed.
    • Lack of Appetite. The more common strains attack the digestive system.
    • Vomiting with no change in diet. It usually looks clear and foamy.
    • Bloody Diarrhea.
    • Stronger Feces Odor. It’s unmistakable and you will never forget it.

    The vomiting and diarrhea are the most dangerous, as they can quickly lead to dehydration and malnutrition. This leads to other problems that eventually compound on top of each other to finally kill the dog. And fast.

    Always be on the lookout these symptoms of parvo, especially if your puppy is over 10 weeks old.

    To help maintain your puppy or dog’s health, we recommend Parvo-K.

    If you’re like us, you probably fell in love with your puppy the very first time you looked at his/her tiny face. It’s hard to imagine anything happening to them.

    Dog parvo, short for parvovirus, is one of the most serious illness a dog can contract, and it’s is especially deadly in puppies. And it’s highly contagious. It can jump from dog to dog very quickly, even with indirect contact.

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    Pour consulter l’activité hebdomadaire des principaux indicateurs:

    Parmi les principaux indicateurs, on trouve les suivants:

    L’indice d’activité grippale ainsi que le nombre et la proportion de résultats positifs par rapport aux tests de détection de l’influenza effectués par les laboratoires sentinelles du Québec sont publiés de façon hebdomadaire ici même, sur le site Web du MSSS. De plus, lorsque les virus de l’influenza circulent de façon soutenue, le DSV produit un graphique de l’activité virologique relatif aux saisons antérieures. Ce bilan est lui aussi mis à jour une fois par semaine, pendant la saison grippale.

    Assurée en partenariat avec les directions de santé publique, la surveillance des éclosions d’influenza dans les centres d’hébergement et de soins de longue durée (CHSLD) est basée sur le signalement volontaire, par ces centres, des éclosions d’au moins deux cas d’infection au même type d’influenza survenus dans les dix jours, dont un a été confirmé par un test d’amplification des acides nucléiques. Cette surveillance est continue et effective toute l’année.

    La surveillance de l’activité grippale à l’urgence se fait à partir des données consignées dans la Console provinciale des urgences, une base de données administrée par la Direction générale des services de santé et médecine universitaire (DGSSMU). Elle s’appuie sur deux indicateurs: les consultations pour « Fièvre et toux » ainsi que les diagnostics de « Grippe/Influenza » qui ont été posés au terme de cette consultation.

    La surveillance des admissions dans les centres hospitaliers après un diagnostic de « Pneumonie/Influenza » est assurée à partir des données inscrites dans le Relevé quotidien de la situation à l’urgence et au centre hospitalier, une base de données gérée par la Direction générale des services sociaux.

    Autres indicateurs et projets spéciaux de surveillance

    Le DSV, de par son partenariat avec la DGSSMU et l’Institut national de santé publique du Québec, analyse les données relatives à des indicateurs secondaires qui ne font pas l’objet d’une publication régulière. Figurent parmi ces indicateurs:

    • la surveillance des syndromes d’allure grippale (SAG) par les groupes de médecine de famille sentinelles;
    • la surveillance, dans certains hôpitaux, des admissions attribuables à une infection grippale confirmée par laboratoire;
    • la surveillance des appels pour un SAG au service Info-Santé et Info-Social;
    • la veille épidémiologique et scientifique effectuée par différents partenaires.

    En plus des indicateurs de l’activité grippale définis par le DSV, des données et des renseignements sont recueillis auprès de diverses sources aux fins des objectifs du système de surveillance de la grippe. Ces données et renseignements concernent notamment:

    • l’identification des virus de l’influenza dans les laboratoires du Québec
      Au Québec, une quarantaine de laboratoires effectuent une surveillance continue des virus de l’influenza et d’autres virus respiratoires. Ce réseau de laboratoires sentinelles est coordonné par le Laboratoire de santé publique du Québec (LSPQ). Toutes les semaines, ce dernier reçoit les données de surveillance recueillies par les laboratoires hospitaliers membres du réseau et publie les résultats des analyses. Dans ses rapports, le LSPQ indique, notamment, le nombre d’analyses effectuées, le nombre de cas de grippe confirmés par groupe d’âge ainsi que la distribution géographique des cas.

    Le bulletin Flash Grippe est une production de la Direction de la vigie sanitaire (DVS) du ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux.

    Son contenu est le reflet d’un effort concerté entre service Info-Santé, les directions de santé publique, le Laboratoire de santé publique du Québec, l’Institut national de santé publique du Québec et l’ensemble des laboratoires sentinelles du Québec, que nous remercions pour leur contribution.

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    The Necroa Virus begins with with four unique transmission options: Zoonotic Shift, Blood 1, Saliva 1, and Segmented Genome. All of these options run the risk of revealing a disease early, as they increase the likelihood of mutations and thus should be used only to accelerate the amount of infected players have right before they unleash zombies on the world, and their plague has been revealed.

    As its name suggests, Zoonotic Shift is needed to gain access to Bird 1, Insect, Rodent 1, Bat 1, and their respective tier 2. Blood 1 is needed to gain access to Air 1, and can be connected to the Saliva 1 transmission tree by Urogenital Expansion. Both the Blood 1 and Saliva 1 transmission trees increase infectivity through the blood and bodily fluids, as well through air and water. Segmented Genome only increase the likelihood of the mutation.

    • Zoonotic Shift: Genetic shift in the virus increase infectivity, mutation chance, and makes cross species infection possible. Increases future research speed.
    • Bat 1: Host range broadens to include bats, which are hard to detect. Increases infectivity and mutation chance.
    • Bat 2: Partial genetic activation causes bats to mob and attack humans at night. Sign efficiently increases infectivity and attacks can be lethal.
    • Rodent 1: Host range broadens to include rats. Increases infectivity, especially in urban regions.
    • Rodent 2: Partial genetic activation causes rat packs to attack humans. Significantly increases infectivity, especially in urban regions.
    • Bird 1: Host range broadens to include birds. Increases infectivity, land transmission, and mutation chance.
    • Bird 2: Partial genetic activation triggers random bird attack on humans. Significantly increases infectivity and land transmission.
    • Insect: Insects susceptible to infection. Carriers increase infectivity, especially in hot climates and chance of mutation.
    • Saliva 1: Virus replicates faster in salivary glands - increasing chance of infection through contact with saliva.
    • Saliva 2: Virus replicates directly in nasal cavity - significantly increasing chances of infection through contact with mucus.
    • Gastrointestinal Expansion: Virus can replicate in stomach and intestines, increasing infectiousness through feces and vomit.
    • Water 1: Virus can survive outside the body in fresh, warm water. Increase in infectivity, especially in humid environments and ship transmission.
    • Water 2: Virus able to survive in chemically treated water. Increase infectivity, especially in humid environments and ship transmission.
    • Urogenital Expansion: Virus can replicate in kidneys and urinary tract, increasing infectiousness through urine and bodily fluids.
    • Blood 1: Virus enters the circulatory system, blood is now a transmission vector. Poor countries particularly vulnerable.
    • Blood 2: Virus can replicate directly in the blood stream, significantly increasing infectivity. Poor countries particularly vulnerable
    • Air 1: Virus bypasses alveolar macrophages in lungs to enter bloodstream. Increase infectivity, especially in arid environments and plane transmission.
    • Air 2: Virus can travel on dust particles. Increases infectivity, especially in arid environments and plane transmission.
    • Air 3: Virus replicates rapidly in aerosolised brain matter. Significantly increases risk of infection if interacting with zombie brains.
    • Segmented Genome: Virus splits its genomes into smaller molecules - increasing the likelihood of a viable mutation during transmission.

    The Necroa Virus starts off with the Insomnia and Hyper Salivation trees. The disease itself gives the player two options, unlike the usual one, of wiping out humanity to complete the game: the first, and more difficult one, is infecting all of humanity and killing them through lethal symptoms (Cannibalism, Psychosis, etc.). The second and easier, but still hard one, is using the Cytopathic Reanimation symptom to produce zombies.

    Using the first choice, the symptoms deal with the mental state and metabolic abilities of the infected. The second choice is unique, as it brings a whole new tree of symptoms once zombies are unleashed on the world. These symptoms, however, don't hinder or damage the zombies due to their unique condition. Instead, these symptoms actually improve the abilities of the zombies. Such symptoms include:

    • Hyper Salivation: Inflammation of the submandibular gland increases saliva production and infection rates
    • Insomnia: Inability to sleep causes irritability and tiredness. Slows future research speed
    • Fever: Increase in temperature causes general feeling of sickness and reduces concentration. Slows future research speed
    • Polyphagia: Compulsive hunger forces continuous eating. Lack of hygiene increases risk of infection.
    • Photophobia: Sensitivity and pain when eyes exposed to sunlight. Slows future research speed, but slightly reduces infection rates
    • Gastroenteritis: Inflammation of the GI tract causes frequent vomiting. Significantly increases infection rates
    • Delirium: Reduction in cognitive functions causes irritability and paranoia. Can be fatal and slows future research speed
    • Coma: Pressure build-ups in the brains stem can cause loss of consciousness. Significantly slows future research speed, but reduces infection rates
    • Cannibalism: Extreme compulsion to bite and eat other humans - significantly increases infectivity as well as lethality
    • Psychosis: Psychotic episodes lead to occasional bursts of extreme violence, which can be lethal. Increases infectivity and slows future research speed
    • Autophagia: Compulsion to bite or partially devour own body - typically fingers or own skin. Increases infection rates
    • Acute Encephalitis: Multiple inflammatory lesions in the brain causes severe neurological damage resulting in death.

    • Cytopathic Reanimation: Formation of complex neural structures enables re-animation of damaged cells and restoration of low level vitals. Turns the dead into zombies.
    • Anaerobic Resuscitation: Infected brain cells switch to anaerobic respiration. Lactic acid buildup is lethal and destroys higher brain processes and personality.
    • Enhanced Sensory Integration: Nutrient flow to occipital and temporal lobes increased causing enhanced sight and hearing. Increases severity.
    • Enhanced Motor Control: Nutrient flow to parietal lobe increased, improving movement and coordination. Increases severity, particularly in urban environments.
    • Hyperosmia: Thinning of nasal epithelium significantly increases zombie sense of smell. Increases severity.
    • Temporal Lobe Manipulation: Zombies attracted to movement and will abandon victims once dead. Prey more likely to remain and become a zombie.
    • Adrenal Surge: Mutation of the adrenal cortex causes adrenaline over-production. Increases alertness and aggression of zombies.
    • Masticatory Tension: Masticatory muscles become engorged, allowing zombie to bite through thick clothing. Severity increased.
    • Peptide Surge: Growth hormone production triggers extreme metabolism of fat to build muscle. Enhanced strength, increases severity.
    • Cathemeral Shift: Stimulation of primary visual cortex improves vision in bright sunlight. Significantly increases severity.
    • Lumbrical Hypertrophy: Significantly strengthens zombie grip making it nearly impossible for prey to break free. Severity significantly increased.
    • Anabolic Boost: Surges of testosterone significantly increases muscle mass and weight of some zombies. Severity significantly increased.
    • Acidic Reflux: Extreme laryngopharyngeal reflux causes acidic saliva. Increases severity and gives zombies combat advantage.
    • Dermal Calcification: Mutations in the endocrine system cause parts of the skin to harden and calcify. Gives zombies combat advantage.
    • Vampiric Hunger: Some zombies prefer to suck the blood from its prey rather then eat its flesh. Prey more likely to remain intact and become a zombie.
    • Naja Mortis: Muscle growth around the submandibular duct lets some zombies projectile spit at prey. Increase severity and zombie combat advantage.
    • Cranial Elephantitis: Adenoma triggers mutated growth hormones, which encourage bone growth in the skull. Gives zombies combat advantage.
    • Autothysis: Explosive mix of hydrogen sulfide and methane collects inside zombie. Significantly increases severity and zombie combat advantage.
    • Bone Dysplasia: Increased bone density provides enhanced protection against trauma. Gives zombie combat advantage.

    At the start of the game, players will only have access to the basic three abilities of Heat Resistance 1, Cold Resistance 1, and Drug Resistance 1, as well as their trees.

    • Cold Resistance 1: Pathogen evolves to withstand cold temperatures and climates.
    • Cold Resistance 2: Lower intracellular water volume prevents freezing. Increased effectiveness in cold climates.
    • Heat Resistance 1: Pathogen evolves to withstand hot temperatures and climates.
    • Heat Resistance 2: Pathogen avoids cellular breakdown in high temperature. Increased effectiveness in hot climates.
    • Drug Resistance 1: Pathogen becomes resistant to class 1 and class 2 antivirals. Increase effectiveness in wealthy countries.
    • Drug Resistance 2: Pathogen develops resistance to class 3 and class 4 antivirals. Increase effectiveness in wealthy countries.
    • Genetic Hardening: Pathogen becomes harder to analyze in lab. Decrease future research speed.
    • Genetic ReShuffle 1: Pathogen DNA strands reassembled. More work needed to develop cure.
    • Genetic ReShuffle 2: A new strain of the pathogen exists, increasing work needed to develop a cure.

    • Mummification: A severely decayed zombie is able to enter a state of hibernation. Reduces rate of zombie decay.
    • Horde Instinct: Active ability lets zombies form hordes to travel across land and water to attack new lands.
    • Horde Mentality: Zombies more likely to follow others. Zombie horde size increases into the thousands.
    • Horde Vocalisation: Horde leaders attract nearby zombies with distinctive moans. Hordes can have hundreds of thousands of zombies.
    • Horde Pheromones: Horde leaders produce pheromones to attract zombies to them. Zombie hordes can be millions strong or more.
    • Structured Travel: Zombies focus on horde leaders - focusing the horde on the direction of travel and increasing travel speed.
    • Drifting Fermentation: Controlled decomposition causes zombies to bloat. Horde can drift in sea currents - significantly increasing ocean travel speed.
    • Dyskinetic Movement: Involuntary movements keep zombie coordinated with the horde - improving movement speed.
    • Echopraxia Frontal lobe damage causes infected to mimic each others' movement patterns, improving navigation of obstacles and overall speed of horde.
    • Engorged Quadriceps: Nutrients are stripped from other parts of the corpse and used to repair leg muscles to improve horde speed.
    • Autolytic Decay: Virus slows release of digestive enzymes from cells' lysosomes - slowing decomposition of corpse.
    • Putrefactive Resistance: Virus prevents anaerobic microorganisms from digesting proteins - slowing decomposition of corpse.
    • Liquefactive Resistance: Virus denatures hydrolytic enzymes, slowing liquefactive necrosis and decomposition of corpse.
    • Regenerative Activation: Active ability enables neurological regeneration in the brains of infected corpses - effectively reanimating some of the dead.
    • Ambush Predation: Reanimated zombies often remain still - waiting for humans to approach them. Reanimated zombies get combat advantage.
    • Liquefactive Necrosis: Reanimated zombies have partially liquefied internal organs, which rupture easily. Reanimated zombies get combat advantage.
    • Regenerative Bio-Synthesis: Enhanced neurological regenerative proteins allow corpses with severe head injuries to be reanimated.
    • Epidermal Digestion: Digestive enzymes break down the skin of the corpse to provide nutrients. Enables reanimation of severely mutilated corpses.
    • Cranial Metastasis: Partial neuron development triggered in the lungs - allowing some decapitated corpses to reanimate.

    Like the Trojan Planes active ability in Neurax Worm, the Zombie Horde active ability is effective in infecting hard-to-reach countries, as well overwhelming countries, especially ones where Z Com is established. Its abilities both increase the horde's speed and effectiveness when crossing oceans, as well as increasing the horde's coordination and size to the point where the final abilities in its tree of this type allows hordes to number in the millions. Finally, the Reanimate active ability allows for the reanimation of deceased zombies and corpses. This ability is effective in replenishing destroyed countries by zombie populations for attacks on other healthier ones, as well as wearing out the Z Com when your initial zombie force proves to be ineffective in overwhelming them at first. Its upgrades continue to improve the combat effectiveness and abilities of the zombies reanimated.

    The symptom Cytopathic Reanimation renders the cure useless in stopping a player's disease. Over the course of the game while playing this disease type, one can amass a large amount of DNA, which can be incredibly useful to those trying to obtain a victory with no zombies, or quickly decimate human populations with evolved zombies. The zombie symptoms prove to be very useful in improving their combat effectiveness and severity against humans.

    Active Abilities also allow for the player to infect healthy countries with zombie hordes, as well as reanimating the dead. As with the Simian Flu and the Neurax Worm, the Necroa Virus' Active Abilities can be used to infect countries that have shut their borders.

    For this plague type, transmissions increase the chance of symptom mutation. As a result, few transmissions can be purchased in order to prevent mutation that could risk early detection, which is an advantage that one should keep as long as possible due to the disease being very easy to detect in early stages and the cure developing very fast, especially when severity and lethality are high.

    With this said, it is very difficult even on Casual difficulty to win with no zombies, thus unlocking the Not Another Zombie Game achievement. This is due to the player's plague having to be in a constant state of incognito for it to infect a sizable portion of the world population.

    Hypothyroidism can be diagnosed by a doctor with a TSH (thyroid-stimulating hormone) test and an evaluation of your symptoms. Symptoms of hypothyroidism may be general, such as tiredness and constipation, and can often be confused with other health conditions. Symptoms usually appear slowly, over several months or years. No one can predict exactly which symptoms a person will develop or how severe the symptoms will be. Some people have many symptoms by the time they are diagnosed with hypothyroidism. Others have few, if any, symptoms. Because the symptoms are so variable, it’s important to talk with your doctor about your symptoms and to have a TSH test.

    Here are some common symptoms* to look out for:

    Weight gain due to fluid retention

    Increased sensitivity to cold

    Brittle fingernails and hair

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    Nimmt die Grippe einen komplizierten Verlauf, verursachen oft Bakterien zusätzlich zu den Influenza-Viren Krankheitssymptome. Eine solche bakterielle Superinfektion lässt sich dann mit Antibiotika behandeln. Diese töten die Bakterien ab, wirken jedoch nicht gegen die Grippe-Viren.

    Verschiedene Medikamente können die Grippe-Symptome dämpfen und die Krankheit damit erträglicher machen. Gegen Kopfschmerzen oder Gliederschmerzen helfen Schmerzmittel wie Ibuprofen, Acetylsalicylsäure oder Paracetamol. Achtung: Kinder sollten bei Grippe keine Acetylsalicylsäure einnehmen. Hohes Fieber können Sie mit fiebersenkenden Medikamenten behandeln - auch hier helfen die vorgenannten Wirkstoffe. Zudem können bei entsprechenden Symptomen Hustensäfte oder abschwellende Nasentropfen sinnvoll sein.

    Hausmittel werden oft begleitend zu einer medikamentösen Therapie eingesetzt. Die folgenden Hausmittel können helfen, die Grippe-Beschwerden zu bessern:

    Wadenwickel sind ein altbewährtes Mittel gegen Fieber. Man taucht ein Handtuch in lauwarmes Wasser, wringt es aus und wickelt es locker um die Waden. An den befeuchteten Waden entsteht eine Verdunstungskälte, die den gesamten Körper kühlt. Das Fieber sinkt.

    Bei starkem Husten und Schnupfen ist Inhalieren ein geeignetes Hausmittel. Inhaliergeräte gibt es in der Apotheke. Sie können aber auch mit einem einfachen Kochtopf und einem Handtuch inhalieren. Dazu wird Wasser mit Salz aufgekocht. Nachdem das Wasser gekocht hat, können Sie Kamille-, Salbei- oder Pfefferminztees hinzugeben. Dann breitet man ein Handtuch über dem Kopf aus und atmet den mit den ätherischen Pflanzenstoffen angereicherten Wasserdampf zehn Minuten lang ein. Der Vorgang kann mehrmals täglich wiederholt werden.

    Auch bei Wasserbädern mit Aromaöl-Zusätzen aus Anis, Eukalyptus, Minze, Kiefern- und Fichtennadeln werden die heilenden Aromastoffe eingeatmet und die Atemwege befeuchtet. Vollbäder entspannen und lindern den Husten. Bei hohem Fieber sollten Sie allerdings nicht baden, da der Kreislauf dann zu sehr belastet wird.

    Bei einer Grippe ist es wichtig ausreichend Flüssigkeit zu sich zu nehmen, da der Kreislauf durch das Fieber mehr Wasser verliert. Zudem können die Atemwege den Schleim besser abtransportieren, wenn sie gut befeuchtet werden. Besonders unterstützend wirken beispielsweise Holunderblütentee, Lindenblütentee, Ingwertee, Kamillentee, Pfefferminztee, Salbeitee und Tee aus Ginseng. Holunder- und Lindenblüten erhöhen die Schleimproduktion in den Bronchien, Ingwer hemmt die Entzündung und lindert Schmerzen. Kamille wirkt ebenfalls entzündungshemmend und stimuliert das Immunsystem. Ginseng hilft bei Erschöpfung.

    Hühnersuppe ist ein hervorragendes Nahrungsmittel bei Infektionskrankheiten. Sie führt dem Körper Flüssigkeit und wichtige Salze (Elektrolyte) zu. Außerdem wird der Hühnersuppe auch eine gewisse antibakterielle Wirkung nachgesagt.

    Ein bis vier Tage nachdem man sich mit dem Influenza-Virus infiziert hat, treten die ersten Beschwerden auf. Infizierte Personen sind allerdings häufig schon vor dem Ausbruch der Symptome selbst ansteckend.

    Die Grippe kann einen sehr unterschiedlichen Verlauf nehmen. Bei einer normalen Grippe verschwindet das Fieber nach fünf bis sieben Tagen. Symptome wie Husten, Schnupfen oder ein Schwächegefühl können aber noch ein bis zwei Wochen länger anhalten.

    Bei Menschen mit einer geschwächten Immunabwehr wie Kinder, ältere Menschen, Schwangere oder Patienten mit chronischen Erkrankungen (vor allem Atemwegserkrankungen) dauert eine Grippe oft länger. Es können dann zudem Komplikationen auftreten, die in seltenen Fällen sogar tödlich enden.

    Weil das Grippe-Virus durch veränderte Genabschnitte ständig neue Subtypen entwickelt, kann man mehrmals im Leben an der Grippe erkranken. Im Gegensatz zu anderen Infektionskrankheiten, die man nur einmal bekommt, weil das Immunsystem dann wirksame Schutzmechanismen gegen den Erreger entwickelt hat, wird man also gegen Grippe nicht dauerhaft immun.

    Dies gilt zumindest für das häufigere Influenza-A-Virus. Es gibt jedoch verschiedenen Grippe-Viren-Typen. Typ B verändert sich viel langsamer, so dass man meist nur einmal im Leben an einer Grippe durch Influenza-B-Viren erkrankt, häufig bereits im Kindesalter. Die Krankheit verläuft meist mild.

    Ebenfalls meist mild ist der Verlauf der sogenannten Sommergrippe, die eigentlich gar keine „echte Grippe“ ist. Denn sie wird nicht durch Influenza-Viren ausgelöst, sondern durch Enteroviren. Wie der Name schon sagt, tritt sie meist im Sommer auf und verläuft ähnlich wie eine Erkältungskrankheit.

    Wie man eine Sommergrippe von einer Grippe unterscheidet und Informationen zur Behandlung der Sommergrippe lesen sie im Beitrag Sommergrippe

    Wer den Verdacht hat, sich mit dem Grippe-Virus infiziert zu haben, sollte zu einem Arzt gehen. Insbesondere Personen mit einem erhöhten Risiko wie ältere Menschen oder chronisch Kranke sollten bereits bei den ersten Anzeichen einer Grippe ihren Hausarzt aufsuchen.

    In vielen Fällen kann der Arzt anhand der Krankengeschichte und einer körperlichen Untersuchung bereits feststellen, ob ein Patient an einer Influenza oder nur an einem grippalen Infekt (Erkältung) erkrankt ist. Wenn es dem Betroffenen aber sehr schlecht geht oder die Gefahr besteht, dass die Erkrankung einen schweren Verlauf nimmt, ist ein Virus-Nachweis sinnvoll. Wenn dieser positiv ausfällt, kann sofort mit einer gegen Viren wirkenden Behandlung begonnen werden.

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      On a diet of fruits and vegetables, constipation disappears, never to return.

      Weight loss is entirely normal when the diet is improved. Some individuals become alarmed when their weight falls rapidly. In most cases, this is not a cause for alarm.

      From five to fifteen pounds of water weight alone may be lost when salt is completely eliminated from the diet. In some individuals, five to twenty pounds of old fecal matter may be eliminated from the colon. All of this is useless weight, and you should say, “Good riddance!”

      The body will also try to eliminate all diseased tissue in an effort to rebuild a healthy body. It will try to strip itself down to the bare foundations and then begin to add on only healthy tissue.

      Weight loss may occur for six months to a year. Exercises for muscle growth, such as weight lifting and swimming, will help rebuild the body with lean, muscular tissue. Be sure that your diet includes sufficient amounts of sweet fruits that are high in calories to balance out the low-calorie salads.

      Usually, you can expect to weigh about twenty pounds less after you renormalize your body from the typical high-meat and fat diet of most Americans.

      Almost all the symptoms experienced during a dietary change are due to the body’s efforts to detoxify itself as rapidly as possible!

      You can help in this process by fasting and getting plenty of rest. Be sure you get all the sleep you want and try to avoid stressful situations. During detoxification, you need as much peace and privacy as possible.

      Never halt any symptom with medication. It will only reappear later in greater intensity.

      Above all else, cultivate a positive attitude about what you are doing. Do not feel like you are punishing yourself or that you are making any great sacrifices. You are recovering your health, and that is the greatest reward that can be expected.

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      Different people become addicted at different rates. Some addicts try to prevent addiction by letting time pass between usages of strong opiates and others feel compelled to use the drug continuously once they start, which walks them straight into addiction. Those coming off heavy fentanyl abuse will often be weaned down to a lower level before going through withdrawal, as unsupported withdrawal from strong opiates can be brutal.

      If you suspect someone you care about is abusing opioids that may include fentanyl, get them help right away. Waiting until tomorrow could be one day too late.

      Recovering from Opioid Addiction at a Narconon Rehab

      The Narconon drug and alcohol rehab program located around the world has developed a humane way of helping a person through withdrawal and then taking them all the way to lasting sobriety.

      If a person does not need weaning or medical detox, he can safely and tolerably come off his drugs through in the Withdrawal unit at a Narconon center. Each person is immediately given generous doses of nutritional supplements that help alleviate the worst of the body’s reactions to withdrawal. A person coming into a rehab is normally in a severely depleted condition, and these supplements begin the rebuilding process. They also assist the body in starting to eliminate the toxicity that exists from the drugs that were used.

      A number of methods and exercises have been developed that help a person both mentally and physically during withdrawal. Specific supplements can help with diarrhea, vomiting or other symptoms. Assists are simple and gentle procedures that help relieve physical pain and mental anxiety. Objective exercises calm a person’s mind and enable him to direct his attention toward recovery and the future and get attention off pain and the past. Those going through this process often remark on how manageable this withdrawal procedure is.

      This is followed by an innovative detoxification step. Opiate abusers experience a mental fog from using these drugs (as do users of many drugs). Drug residues that are not fully eliminated from the body can cause this fog to persist, even long after drugs are discontinued. The Narconon New Life Detoxification combines sauna, exercise and nutrition to activate the body’s ability to flush out these residual toxins. The result is clearer thinking and an improved outlook on life. Most people also state that their cravings for drugs are greatly reduced or eliminated altogether.

      A person who wishes to stay drug-free for the long haul must then overcome a mental or psychological need for drugs. This means building the skills to deal with life as it is, without hiding or trying to escape. This is the final phase of the Narconon program.

      Learn how this program can help someone you love recover from an addiction that may seem hopeless.

      About Virus, Bacteria and Fungus Types of Germs Causing Infection Symptoms

      Bacteria, virus, fungus and other infectious germs are inescapably everywhere. These germs are the cause for your fever, runny nose, ache, pain and other signs and symptoms of your cold or flu misery.

      Not all germs cause harm, but knowing more about the bacteria, viruses and fungus germs that do, will help you avoid their illness causing effects.

      It is your immune system that protects you against these infection causing agents, but sometimes they make it across its barrier. When an infection causing germ enters your body and begins to multiply, your immune system immediately goes into action to it fight off.

      Sending out white blood cells, antibodies and other environment adjusting resources in its effort to get rid of whatever is. For example, this is why your body reacts with fever, coughing and sneezing in its battle against a common cold virus.

      There is a notable difference between infection and disease. Infection occurs when bacteria, viruses, fungus or other microbes multiply in your body. Disease is the resulting cell damage of this infection. It is at this cell damage point when your signs and symptoms of an illness are noticed.

      Bacteria is a very small, self-sufficient, one-celled organism that thrives in a variety of environments. However, many bacteria thrive in the mild 98.6 healthy body environment.

      Some of these environmentally content bacteria in your body are actually good for you, it is only less than 1 percent that are not. Take lactobacillus acidophilus for example, this bacterium helps you digest food, destroys disease causing organisms and provides nutrients to your body.

    • Failure of multiple organs (e.g. kidney failure)

      If you suspect you may be infected with H5N1, seek medical help immediately. The CDC suggests wearing a mask and letting your health professional know about any places you may have travelled recently.

      Cases of H5N1 infected poultry stock have thus far only been found in Asia, Africa, Europe and the Middle East, according to the Public Health Agency of Canada. And though transmission to humans is rare, it has occurred in at least 600 cases since 2003, resulting from people handling sick or dead birds infected with the virus, or being in their environments.

      Influenza ist eine der häufigsten Infektionserkrankung bezieht sich auf eine Gruppe der akuten respiratorischen Virusinfektionen.

      Die Krankheit verursacht Grippe-Viren, die derzeit mehr als 2.000 Arten. Diese Viren können in Form von Epidemien, der Anstieg von denen, um die Herbst-Winter-Periode sind in der Regel hat, und Pandemien, die alle 30-40 Jahre aufgezeichnet sind vermehrt werden. Viele Menschen beziehen sich auf die Grippe ziemlich abweisend, in Anbetracht seiner üblichen "kalt", während jedes Jahr an dieser Krankheit in der Welt sterben in der Größenordnung von 250 bis 500.000. Menschen.

      Anfällig für Influenza-Viren von Menschen aller Altersgruppen, aber die größte Gefahr für die Krankheit stellt für die ältere Menschen, Kinder, schwangere Frauen und Menschen mit Erkrankungen des Herzens und der Lunge.. Die Quelle der Grippe ist bereits ein kranker Mann, der die Umwelt wählt das Virus durch Husten, Niesen, und so weiter D. Mit Aerosolübertragungsmechanismus (Einatmen von Tröpfchen aus Schleim, Speichel), verbreitet Influenza schnell genug - der Patient ist eine Gefahr für andere in der Woche ab von den ersten Stunden nach der Infektion.

      Grippe-Symptome nicht spezifisch sind, von anderen akuten respiratorischen Virusinfektion ohne spezielle Labortests differenziert ist fast unmöglich.

      Die Diagnose "Grippe" ist vor allem in der Praxis nur auf der Grundlage der epidemiologischen Lage eingestellt.

      Krankheit beginnt, in der Regel schlecht: die Körpertemperatur steigt auf 38-40 0 C, Schüttelfrost, Kopfschmerzen, voller Schmerzen in Gelenken und Muskeln, Schwäche. Nasenausfluss ist kein typisches Symptom für die Grippe, weil dieser Krankheit hingegen werden durch Trockenheit der Nase und Rachen aus. In den meisten Fällen, gibt es intensive trockener Husten, die durch Schmerzen im Brustbein begleitet wird. Untersuchung des Patienten können weitere Anzeichen einer Grippe wie Hyperämie der Hypotonie, Injektion von der Lederhaut ("Rote-Augen"), Granularität und Hyperämie des harten und weichen Gaumens, bezogen Bradykardie offenbaren.

      Grippe-Symptome in der Regel bestehen für 3-5 Tage, nach denen der Patient erholt sich.

      In schweren Form der Krankheit häufigsten Komplikationen sind Mittelohrentzündung, Nebenhöhlenentzündung, Lungenentzündung, kann jedoch die Entwicklung und Folgen wie Hirnödem, Kreislaufkollaps, hämorrhagischen Syndrom, sekundäre bakterielle Komplikationen, Verschlimmerung der chronischen Krankheiten.

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    This serious disease is caused by one of the smallest viruses known to man called Canine Parvovirus (CPV).(Parvo is the Latin for small). As many as 300 000 virus particles will fit into a millimeter!

    Albeit so small the virus is extremely tough and will survive most disinfectants. It may stay alive in the environment for as long as two years if conditions are favourable. In 1978 when the first cases of Parvovirus in dogs were seen, the virus spread all over the world in a matter of months, often without the involvement of dogs in the transmission.

    Massive numbers of virus occur in the stool of a sick dog. One gram of faeces may contain enough virus to infect 10 million susceptible dogs!

    The virus need certain enzymes to grow. These enzymes are found in rapid growing cells like the ones lining the intestinal tract. These cells grow quickly enough so that the intestinal lining is renewed every two to three days. If the virus grow inside these cells they break up leaving large areas of damaged lining that lead to severe loss of body fluids. The normal intestinal flora which under ordinary circumstances are pretty harmless, can now invade the body through the damaged areas.

    • Often a high fever
    • Listlessness
    • No appetite
    • Continuous vomiting or foaming at the mouth
    • Very smelly diarrhoea that frequently becomes blood-tinged
    • White or bluish gums
    • Abdominal pain
    • Dehydration � animals appear to have lost weight overnight

    The symptoms usually appear very suddenly and susceptible pups may die within a few hours. Pups with large numbers of antibodies wil show much lighter symptoms. In rare instances animals may develop infection of the heart muscles with fatal results.

    A bitch with good immunity against parvo will transfer these antibodies to her pups in the uterus. They will then be protected to a large degree for a period of six to twelve weeks. Exposure to the virus, whether naturally or through vaccination wil enhance this immunity. Healthy puppies, like the one on the left should thus be vaccinated at six weeks of age, again four weeks later and preferably a third time another four weeks later. It is very unlikely that a pup that has had three properly administered vaccinations will contract the disease. It is however important to stress that puppies must be healthy and free from worms before they can be vaccinated.

    Because Parvovirus is one of the most frustrating diseases a vet has to put up with, vaccination remains the only efficient way of saving the puppy owner a lot of tears and regret.

    At present there are no affordable injectable drugs that kill viruses in the body, thus no specific treatment exists once the virus is inside the body. Treatment is aimed at curbing secondary bacteria, stopping vomiting and replenishing body fluids.

    • Antibiotics
    • Anti-emetics
    • Intravenous fluid administration
    • Inteflora or similar probiotics to replenish gut flora (beneficial bacteria in the intestines)
    • Activated charcoal to bind toxins in the gut
    • Oral electrolytes if animals are still drinking and not vomiting
    • Small quantities of bland food eg. rice and cooked chicken
    • Blood transfusion in very severe cases

    Semen allergy suspected in rare post-orgasm illness

    LONDON (Reuters) - A mysterious syndrome in which men come down with a flu-like illness after an orgasm may be caused by an allergy to semen, Dutch scientists said on Monday.

    Men with the condition, known as post orgasmic illness syndrome or POIS and documented in medical journals since 2002, get flu-like symptoms such as feverishness, runny nose, extreme fatigue and burning eyes immediately after they ejaculate. Symptoms can last for up to week.

    Marcel Waldinger, a professor of sexual psychopharmacology at Utrecht University in the Netherlands, published two studies in the Journal of Sexual Medicine which suggest that men with POIS have an allergy to their own semen, and that a treatment known as hyposensitization therapy can help reduce its impact.

    “These results are a very important breakthrough in the research of this syndrome,” Waldinger said in a telephone interview. He said the findings “contradict the idea that the complaints have a psychological cause” and show that an auto-allergic reaction to semen is the most likely cause.

    Although it has been documented in scientific papers since 2002, post orgasmic illness syndrome is largely unknown among family doctors and experts say many men who suffer the condition feel ashamed about it and confused about what is wrong.

    Waldinger said while the syndrome is probably rare, it is likely that many men who suffer with it do not know it is a recognized condition and so do not come forward to doctors.

    For these studies, Waldinger and colleagues analyzed 45 Dutch men who were diagnosed with the illness.

    “They didn’t feel ill when they masturbated without ejaculating, but as soon as the semen came from the testes. after that they became ill, sometimes within just a few minutes,” Waldinger said.