Chickens infected with bird flu may have decreased egg production, and may lay soft-shelled or misshapen eggs, according to the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA).

Chickens with avian influenza may exhibit purple discolouration of the wattles (fleshy growths that hang from the throat), combs (growth on top of the head) or legs, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The head, eyelids, comb, wattles and hocks may also begin to swell. Pinpoint haemorrhages can appear, especially on the feet and shanks.

Lack of energy is a common symptom of bird flu, as well as loss of appetite and decreased coordination. Some birds with a mild strain of avian influenza may simply have ruffled feathers.

Highly lethal forms of avian influenza can cause sudden death in poultry. Chickens, especially young birds, may succumb to the illness so quickly that no symptoms are obvious before death, according to the University of Florida. According to WHO, the lethal H5N1 strain of avian influenza has a mortality rate that can reach 100 per cent within 48 hours.

Réponse à l’éternelle question: Ai-je le rhume ou la grippe?

Il n’y a pas grand chose qui m’irrite sérieusement… sauf quand les termes « grippe » et « rhume » sont utilisés de façon interchangeable.

Si tu as déjà eu la grippe (i.e. l’influenza), tu es au courant que c’est une infection complètement différente et vraiment plus sévère. Certaines personnes (dont moi-même) ne se souviennent même pas d’avoir déjà eu la grippe dans leur vie.

Quant au rhume, on l’a tous 2-3 fois par année.

Voici les principales ressemblances et différences entre ces deux problèmes de santé et un organigramme (vraiment très peu utile) pour les distinguer.

BONUS: à la demande générale, les versions PDF en format facilement imprimable (8.5 x 11) sont fournies plus bas.

NOTE QUE JE ME DOIS D’AJOUTER (MÊME SI JE LA JUGE INUTILE): Vous comprendrez qu’il ne s’agit pas là d’outils diagnostics sérieux… La grippe (influenza) est une condition grave et qui peut même être mortelle. Dans tous les cas, consulter votre médecin et/ou votre pharmacien pour évaluer vos symptômes.

Versions PDF pour impression (8.5 x 11)

À lire sur le rhume:

À lire sur la grippe:

Si tu as aimé cet article, le Pharmachien te suggère également:

59 Responses to Réponse à l’éternelle question: Ai-je le rhume ou la grippe?

Bravo! Moi aussi ça m’énerve*** cette confusion entre le banal rhume et la vraie grippe. Je trouve très bien tes dessins ainsi que le jeu de l’Oie comme arbre décisionnel. Si tu veux, je peux te faire, au fil du temps, la partie homéo des pathologies. Ensuite tu mets en forme à ta sauce acadienne qui est super drôle. Il faut d’ailleurs que je me procure un dictionnaire Canadien Français car y’a des “colloquialisms” (en anglais ds le txt) que je ne connais pas et qui sont souvent pour nous à pisser de rire!! Par ex. j’ai entendu récemment que, pour parler d’une allumeuse vous disiez que c’est une “agace pissette”. Comme c’est joli, et comme c’est vrai en plus!!
Allez, une toute bonne journée.

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It’s typically those microscopic and pesky protozoa that cause the more uncomfortable symptoms like diarrhea or loose stools. This is because they release prostaglandin which is substance that causes a loss in chloride and sodium. The result is stools that are watery because the body is attempting to rid itself of the attacker.

Constipation can also be caused because some of the larger parasitic worms can lodge themselves in the intestines and cause a blockage. Over-the-counter stool softeners and a healthy diet should clear up natural bouts of constipation. You may have a parasitic worm causing a blockage if stool softeners don’t provide relief.

A common condition caused by these intestinal parasites is irritable bowel syndrome. This is a painful and uncomfortable condition that is a result of the parasite irritating the wall of the intestine and causing swelling. Many doctors have been quick to dismiss IBS as just something people must cope with. In the year 2000, researchers in England did a study that showed a significant link between the parasite giardia and irritable bowel syndrome. Ridding the body of this parasite gave great relief to the patients who had previously been diagnosed with IBS.

Since parasites don’t always stay put in the intestines, but rather move about and enter the blood stream, nervous system, and the organs, joint and muscle pain can be a symptom to look out for. This joint pain can commonly be mistaken for arthritis when in reality it is caused by inflammation due to the parasites becoming encased in a sac and existing despite our body’s best efforts to expel it.

Some parasites can cause a person to become agitated, nervous, or anxious. Researchers believe this is due to the body reacting in a way to try and rid itself of the foreign body. It’s also known that parasites release waste which can have an adverse effect on the central nervous system.

People who experience anxiety and nervousness that doesn’t improve with conventional treatments like medication or even meditation may have a parasitic infection. There have been reports of people who underwent a parasite cleanse and experienced a dramatic improvement with their anxiety symptoms.

Sleep loss can also be associated with the presence of parasites. Much like the anxiety and nervousness that can be caused by the toxins the parasites release, sleep loss occurs with the body’s attempt to deal with the parasite invasion. The liver makes valiant attempts to rid the body of the toxic waste the parasites leave behind which can cause sleep disturbances.

Another cause of sleep disturbances is associated with pinworms. These tiny white worms exit the body when the host is sleeping to deposit their eggs around the anus. This causes extreme itching and discomfort.

People, especially children, who have a parasitic infection, have also been known to grind their teeth while sleeping. This is also associated with the nervousness that can be caused by the toxins the parasite is producing in the body.

Generally, parasites can weaken your immune system. This leads to being more susceptible for infections like the common cold and flu. You may have a parasite that is compromising your immune system if you find that you chronically experience cold and flu symptoms. It’s not abnormal to come down with a cold or flu occasionally, but when it seems like you are always fighting one off, it may be caused by a parasite weakening your body’s defenses.

Skin conditions are also a common symptom of having a parasitic infection. They can be very uncomfortable, unsightly, and painful to deal with. You may think that only parasites that feed off skin cells will cause these conditions, but that isn’t quite the case. While it’s true that fungi like ringworm cause itchy, patchy skin lesions, intestinal invaders like worms and protozoa also cause irritating skin conditions.

Hives, eczema, and other rashes have all been linked to intestinal parasites. It’s not known exactly why, but one theory is that the toxins released in the blood stream affect the skin from the inside out. Skin conditions that are not caused by parasites should clear up with topical ointments or steroid treatments prescribed by doctors. If the condition doesn’t clear up with these methods then the culprit may be a parasite.

When it seems like typical treatments are not providing any relief for any of these parasitic infection symptoms, it may be time to try a parasite cleanse. If left untreated, parasites will continue to multiply and cause damage inside the body. Some can live for years and years causing painful parasite symptoms the entire time.

From its discovery until 2006, confirmed cases of Zika virus infection were rare, although cases were reported during the 60's in Africa and South-East Asia. Analysis suggested that the African and Asian strains emerged as two distinct lineages.

The first outbreak outside of Africa and Asia was documented on Yap Island in the Federal States of Micronesia, in 2007.

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Some of these environmentally content bacteria in your body are actually good for you, it is only less than 1 percent that are not. Take lactobacillus acidophilus for example, this bacterium helps you digest food, destroys disease causing organisms and provides nutrients to your body.

However, when the “not good” bacteria invades, these misery creators rapidly reproduce, many producing powerful chemicals (toxins) that damage tissue cells at the site of their invasion, and that’s what makes you ill.

Some examples of the sickness these bacterial invaders cause are:

A virus is a capsule containing genetic material, even smaller than bacteria. The main mission of a virus is to reproduce. However, viruses need a suitable host to multiply, unlike bacteria.

So what a virus does in its invasion, is it takes over some of your cells and instructs these overtaken cells to make what it needs for reproduction. These host cells are then destroyed in the process.

Examples of these viral illnesses are:

Molds, yeasts and mushrooms are all types of fungi. They can live in your body, usually without harm and some offer benefits.

For example, penicillin is derived from fungi, and this “life saving” antibiotic kills harmful bacteria. Fungi are also required to make certain foods, such as bread, cheese and yogurt.

Other fungi aren’t as beneficial and can cause illness. Examples are:

You can prevent infection through regular hand washing, vaccinations and, in some situations, appropriate medications. Also, healthy diet, exercise and rest helps keep your immune system charged up and ready for battle.

Seek medical attention when infection is suspected and you experience:

  • a bite
  • swelling
  • 100.4 F or higher
  • persistent vomiting
  • breathing difficulties
  • over a week long cough
  • rapid heartbeat episodes
  • severe and unusual headache
  • a rash accompanied by a fever
  • blurred or other vision difficulties

Prevent the preventable by keeping your body’s front line immune system in shape to defend bacteria, virus or fungus invasions.

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"This is when the nerves are actually damaged," Dr. Malvestutto says. These symptoms can be treated with over-the-counter pain relievers and antiseizure medicines such as Neurontin (gabapentin).

Photo: Getty Images

Advanced HIV disease appears to increase the risk of having menstrual irregularities, such as fewer and lighter periods.

These changes, however, probably have more to do with the weight loss and poor health of women with late-stage infection rather than the infection itself.

Infection with HIV also has been associated with earlier age of menopause (47 to 48 years for infected women compared to 49 to 51 years for uninfected women).

Individuals pictured are models and are used for illustrative purposes only.

Think you have HIV? The only way to tell is to get an HIV test, but here are some possible symptoms.

Photo: Getty Images

Within a month or two of HIV entering the body, 40% to 90% of people experience flulike symptoms known as acute retroviral syndrome (ARS).

But sometimes HIV symptoms don't appear for years—sometimes even a decade—after infection.

"In the early stages of HIV infection, the most common symptoms are none," says Michael Horberg, MD, director of HIV/AIDS for Kaiser Permanente, in Oakland, Calif. One in five people in the United States with HIV doesn't know they have it, which is why it's so important to get tested, especially if you have unprotected sex with more than one partner or use intravenous drugs.

Here are some signs that you may be HIV-positive.

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Moderate exercise is also beneficial, if your strength allows. Sleep and freedom from stress is vital.

Sunshine and fresh air will also aid in detoxification.

A headache is the body’s chief warning signal of body toxicity. The toxic load in the body has increased so fast that poisons are circulating in the bloodstream and cause irritation to the brain and nerves.

Aspirin should never be taken for a headache. For some relief, lay down and rest with a cool, damp cloth across the eyes and forehead. Fasting may also help. Have someone massage the neck and temple. Avoid all stress at this time.

When food is not being digested properly or is passing right through your body, then it is time to stop all food intake. This is your body’s way of telling you it doesn’t require any nourishment at this time, but instead is busy cleaning.

Careful food combinations and avoiding heavy foods are advised.

Diarrhea should not be halted by medicines. Rest and abstinence from food are your best resorts.

A new diet may occasion temporary constipation. Brisk walking of at least one mile a day will help end this problem.

Eating foods naturally high in water and fiber will eventually remedy this condition. If little food is eaten, drink distilled water whenever thirsty.

On a diet of fruits and vegetables, constipation disappears, never to return.

Weight loss is entirely normal when the diet is improved. Some individuals become alarmed when their weight falls rapidly. In most cases, this is not a cause for alarm.

From five to fifteen pounds of water weight alone may be lost when salt is completely eliminated from the diet. In some individuals, five to twenty pounds of old fecal matter may be eliminated from the colon. All of this is useless weight, and you should say, “Good riddance!”

The body will also try to eliminate all diseased tissue in an effort to rebuild a healthy body. It will try to strip itself down to the bare foundations and then begin to add on only healthy tissue.

Weight loss may occur for six months to a year. Exercises for muscle growth, such as weight lifting and swimming, will help rebuild the body with lean, muscular tissue. Be sure that your diet includes sufficient amounts of sweet fruits that are high in calories to balance out the low-calorie salads.

Usually, you can expect to weigh about twenty pounds less after you renormalize your body from the typical high-meat and fat diet of most Americans.

Almost all the symptoms experienced during a dietary change are due to the body’s efforts to detoxify itself as rapidly as possible!

You can help in this process by fasting and getting plenty of rest. Be sure you get all the sleep you want and try to avoid stressful situations. During detoxification, you need as much peace and privacy as possible.

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Internet addiction disorder refers to the problematic use of the Internet, including the various aspects of its technology, such as electronic mail (e-mail) and the World Wide Web. The reader should note that Internet addiction disorder is not listed in the mental health professional's handbook, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders , fourth edition, text revision (2000), which is also called the DSM. Internet addiction has, however, been formally recognized as a disorder by the American Psychological Association.

In some respects, addictive use of the Internet resembles other so-called "process" addictions, in which a person is addicted to an activity or behavior (including gambling, shopping, or certain sexual behaviors) rather than a substance (mood-altering drugs, tobacco, food, etc.). People who develop problems with their Internet use may start off using the Internet on a casual basis and then progress to using the technology in dysfunctional ways. Many people believe that spending large amounts of time on the Internet is a core feature of the disorder. The amount of time by itself, however, is not as important a factor as the ways in which the person's Internet use is interfering with their daily functioning. Use of the Internet may interfere with the person's social life, school work, or job-related tasks at work. In addition, cases have been reported of persons entering Internet chat rooms for people with serious illnesses or disorders, and pretending to be a patient with that disorder in order to get attention or sympathy. Treatment options often mirror those for other addictions. Although only a limited amount of research has been done on this disorder, the treatments that have been used appear to be effective.

No one knows what causes a person to be addicted to the Internet, but there are several factors that have been proposed as contributing to Internet addiction. One theory concerns the mood-altering potential of behaviors related to process addictions. Just as a person addicted to shopping may feel a "rush" or pleasurable change in mood from the series of actions related to a spending spree— checking one's credit cards, driving to the mall, going into one's favorite store, etc.— the person with an Internet addiction may feel a similar "rush" from booting up their computer and going to their favorite web sites. In other words, some researchers think that there are chemical changes that occur in the body when someone is engaging in an addictive behavior. Furthermore, from a biological standpoint, there may be a combination of genes that make a person more susceptible to addictive behaviors, just as researchers have located genes that affect a person's susceptibility to alcohol.

In addition to having features of a process addiction, Internet use might be reinforced by pleasurable thoughts and feelings that occur while the person is using the Internet. Although researchers in the field of addiction studies question the concept of an "addictive personality" as such, it is possible that someone who has one addiction may be prone to become addicted to other substances or activities, including Internet use. People with such other mental disorders or symptoms as depression, feelings of isolation, stress , or anxiety, may "self-medicate" by using the Internet in the same way that some people use alcohol or drugs of abuse to self-medicate the symptoms of their mental disorder.

From a social or interpersonal standpoint, there may be familial factors prompting use of the Internet. For

One question that has not yet been answered concerning Internet addiction is whether it is a distinctive type of addiction or simply an instance of a new technology being used to support other addictions. For example, there are gambling casinos on the Internet that could reinforce a person's pre-existing gambling addiction. Similarly, someone addicted to shopping could transfer their addiction from the local mall to online stores. Persons addicted to certain forms of sexual behavior can visit pornography sites on the Internet or use chat rooms as a way to meet others who might be willing to participate in those forms of behavior. Researchers may need to determine whether there is such a disorder as "pure" Internet addiction.

One symptom of Internet addiction is excessive time devoted to Internet use. A person might have difficulty cutting down on his or her online time even when they are threatened with poor grades or loss of a job. There have been cases reported of college students failing courses because they would not take time off from Internet use to attend classes. Other symptoms of addiction may include lack of sleep, fatigue , declining grades or poor job performance, apathy , and racing thoughts. There may also be a decreased investment in social relationships and activities. A person may lie about how much time was spent online or deny that they have a problem. They may be irritable when offline, or angry toward anyone who questions their time on the Internet.

In the past, people reported to have an Internet addiction disorder were stereotyped as young, introverted, socially awkward, computer-oriented males. While this stereotype may have been true in the past, the availability of computers and the increased ease of access to the Internet are quickly challenging this notion. As a result, problematic Internet use can be found in any age group, social class, racial or ethnic group, level of education and income, and gender.

As previously noted, Internet addiction disorder has not yet been added as an official diagnosis to the DSM. The following, however, is a set of criteria for Internet addiction that has been proposed by addiction researchers. The criteria are based on the diagnostic standards for pathological gambling.

The patient must meet all of the following criteria:

  • He or she is preoccupied with the Internet (thinks about previous online activity or is anticipating the next online session).
  • He or she needs to spend longer and longer periods of time online in order to feel satisfied.
  • He or she has made unsuccessful efforts to control, cut back, or stop Internet use.
  • He or she is restless, moody, depressed, or irritable when attempting to cut down or stop Internet use.
  • He or she repeatedly stays online longer than he or she originally intended.

The person must meet at least one of the following criteria:

  • He or she has jeopardized or risked the loss of a significant relationship, job, educational or career opportunity because of Internet use.
  • He or she has lied to family members, a therapist, or others to conceal the extent of involvement with the Internet.
  • He or she uses the Internet as a way of escaping from problems or of relieving an unpleasant mood (such as feelings of helplessness, guilt, anxiety, or depression).

Since Internet addiction disorder is a relatively new phenomenon, there is little research on the effectiveness of treatment procedures. Some professionals advocate abstinence from the Internet. Others argue that it may be unrealistic to have a person completely end all Internet use. As society becomes more and more dependent on computers for business transactions, educational programs, entertainment, and access to information as well as interpersonal communication, it will be difficult for a computer-literate person to avoid using the Internet. Learning how to use the Internet in moderation is often the main objective in therapy, in a way analogous to the way that people with eating disorders need to come to terms with food. Many of the procedures that have been used to treat Internet addiction have been modeled after other addiction treatment programs and support groups .

If a person's Internet addiction disorder has a biological dimension, then such medication as an antidepressant or anti-anxiety drug may help them with these aspects of the addiction. Psychological interventions may include such approaches as changing the environment to alter associations that have been made with Internet use, or decrease the reinforcement received from excessive Internet use. Psychological interventions may also help the person identify thoughts and feelings that trigger their use of the Internet. Interpersonal interventions may include such approaches as social skills training or coaching in communication skills. Family and couple therapy may be indicated if the user is turning to the Internet to escape from problems in these areas of life.

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The results match those seen when mice were infected in an earlier study and are very similar to those described in human patients at the time the virus was at its height.

Darwyn Kobasa, a research scientist with the Public Health Agency of Canada, and lead author of the research, defended the decision to recreate one of the most dangerous viruses in history.

He said: "This research provides an important piece in the puzzle of the 1918 virus, helping us to better understand influenza viruses and their potential to cause pandemics."

However, it is not the virus that is directly causing the damage to the lungs - it is the body's own response to infection.

Immune system proteins that can damage infected tissue were found at much higher levels following H1N1 infection compared with other viral infections.

Analysis at the University of Wisconsin at Madison (UW) revealed that a key component of the immune system, a gene called RIG-1 appeared to be involved.

Levels of the protein produced by the gene were lower in tissue infected with the 1918 virus, suggesting it had a method of switching it off, causing immune defences to run wild.

Die Grippe ist eine schwere Infektionskrankheit, die durch Influenzaviren (Orthomyxoviren der Typen A und B) hervorgerufen wird. Dabei kommt es zu einer akuten Infektion der Atemwege, die typischerweise mit sehr plötzlich einsetzendem hohen Fieber, schwerem Krankheitsgefühl und extremer Schwäche einhergeht. Ganzen Text lesen

Es ist nicht immer leicht, eine Grippe von einer Erkältung zu unterscheiden. In diesem Ratgeber verraten wir Ihnen, was die Unterschiede sind.

Hochsaison für Schnupfenviren: Lesen Sie hier, wie Sie sich vor einer Infektion schützen können und welche Mittel gegen die Erkältung helfen.

Schnupfen, Husten, Halsweh: Ständig erkältet zu sein, ist ein Gräuel. Wir haben 9 Tipps, die Ihr schwaches Immunsystem stärken.

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    Much research has been carried out to better understand the threat posed by the pigeon (feral and domesticated) and research is ongoing in many parts of the world, particularly in those countries worst affected. A thorough scientific research programme was undertaken following the outbreak of the highly pathogenic strain H5N2 in the north-eastern United States (in 1983/4) to assess the potential for wild birds to spread disease amongst local farms. The following species were included in this survey:

    • Wild and free-flying domestic ducks and geese
    • Wild or free-flying domestic birds (including pigeons)
    • Rodents
    • Dead or sick birds within the quarantine area

    Attempts to isolate the virus were conducted on a sample of 4,132 birds, of which 473 were pigeons, and of this number 92.6% were collected from infected farms. A further 81 feet, taken from dead pigeons, were also assessed for the purposes of the research - this is because pigeons commonly feed on agricultural sites and by walking in infected faecal matter the birds could potentially pass on the disease. In order to assess the sample, tracheal (throat) and vent (anus) swabs were taken from each bird. None of the 4,132 birds collected tested positive for the H5N2 strain. Blood samples taken from 383 pigeons were also negative for antibodies (antibodies are protective substances that are produced by the defensive network of the body in response to an infection) to avian influenza, an indication that infection by this virus had not occurred in these birds. An additional 50 pigeons, collected from within the quarantine zone, were also negative for the influenza virus. Experimental attempts made to infect pigeons with the highly pathogenic H5N2 strain of avian influenza did not result in either multiplication of the virus or any evidence of antibodies in the blood. The results of all of these studies indicated that pigeons were not infected with avian influenza and did not spread it.

    In another outbreak of avian influenza in the USA in 1993 (in the period February to May) blood samples were collected from 17 flocks of pigeons located within the quarantine area for evidence of antibodies to avian influenza. Flock sizes varied from 2000 - 3000 birds and represented a total of between 34,000 and 51,000 birds. Approximately 10 birds per flock were sampled (a total of 160 birds) and in every instance all pigeons tested were negative for antibodies to this avian influenza.

    Another study published in 1996 on the susceptibility of pigeons to avian influenza found that groups of pigeons inoculated with two strains of highly pathogenic influenza virus, or two strains of non-pathogenic virus, remained healthy during the 21-day trial period. The sample did not shed virus and did not develop antibodies to this disease - further evidence that pigeons are not a factor in the spread of avian influenza. More recent scientific evidence, from experimental work in 2001/2002, has shown that pigeons infected with the highly pathogenic form of the virus (designated H5N1 of Hong Kong origin) did not develop signs of this disease and did not have detectable changes to the disease in their tissues. Neither was the virus found in their tissues and nor was it re-isolated from swabs of tissues. These findings indicated once again that pigeons (along with starlings, rats and rabbits used in these studies) are largely resistant to infection with this highly pathogenic strain of the virus.

    It is quite clear from all the information available that avian influenza continues to be a threat to both humans and birds, but the likelihood of its transmission to humans as a result of contact with the feral pigeon or its faeces is virtually nil. The feral pigeon is reputed to be the ultimate disease-carrier, harbouring the capability to spread a huge variety of diseases to both humans and other birds and animals, but in reality this is a myth. As can be seen from the findings of several research programmes, the feral pigeon is at the bottom of the list of those species that have the potential to spread avian influenza and it is likely that this is the case with most of the other diseases that are commonly associated with the pigeon.

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    Flu Season 2015: Influenza In US ‘Widespread,’ But Fear May Outpace Threat

    Nurses prepare influenza vaccine injections during a flu shot clinic at Dorchester House, a health care clinic, in Boston, Massachusetts, Jan. 12, 2013. Photo: Reuters

    With an unforeseen mutation in this year’s dominant influenza virus and a faulty vaccine, 43 states have seen “widespread” transmission of the flu this season, according to the latest report from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Flu activity was rampant in 29 states during the final week of December, up from 22 states a week earlier. Twenty-one pediatric deaths have been reported.

    The most prevalent virus of the 2014-2015 flu season has been influenza A H3N2, a particularly severe infection responsible for the three deadliest flu seasons since 2000. Health officials, however, said this year's threat was not entirely unexpected. “I don’t think it’s anything we haven’t seen before,” Richard Webby, virology expert with St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital in Memphis, Tennessee, told International Business Times. “We know H3N2 dominates a season, we know it tends to be more severe.”

    Three out of four of the last 12 flu seasons reached epidemic levels, according to the Associated Press. Several so-called drift viruses – versions of H3N2 that are slightly genetically different from the main virus – have spread this season, meaning Americans have become more susceptible to the flu. “The antibodies that people made last time probably don’t work as well against [the new strain,]” Webby said. “That’s a consequence of the virus changing.”

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    Household bleach mixed at a ratio of 1:32 is a inexpensive and effective way of destroying the virus on washable items.

    Cat flu cannot be spread to humans.

    Feline Herpes Virus symptoms usually lasts for about 7 -14 days and Calicivirus symptoms usually last for about 7 - 10 days.

    Will my cat be a carrier of Cat Flu?

    When cats have recovered from Cat Flu they continue to shed the virus especially at times of stress. Although they do not show any symptoms they have in fact become a carrier of the virus.

    With Feline Herpes Virus the carrier state can last the lifetime of the cat.

    How can I prevent Cat Flu

    There are vaccinations available for Feline Herpes Virus-1 and Feline Calicivirus (FCV) Discuss a vaccination regime with your veterinarian.

    Avian Flu Symptoms: How Can You Tell If You Have H5N1?

    North America's first death from the H5N1 virus, also known as avian or bird flu, was reported in Alberta today, contracted by a victim who had just returned from China. While officials have been quick to reassure Canadians that this was an isolated incident and not related to the seasonal flu, this potentially fatal illness has many wondering about the symptoms of this influenza.

    Most avian flu viruses do not infect humans, but some, like the highly pathogenic H5N1, can cause severe infections, according to the U.S. National Institutes of Health.

    When the H5N1 strain of bird flu appears in humans, it mimics a severe case of the flu, like H1N1 (swine flu). Flu.gov, the U.S. site for flu information, notes that symptoms of H5N1 in humans include:

  • Acute respiratory distress

  • Shortness of breath/difficulty breathing

    The diagnosis of H5N1 based on symptoms alone is difficult because they are so similar to other flu strains; laboratory testing is required to confirm infection, according to the the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

    The bird flu is generally spread to people through direct contact with infected birds or poultry livestock. The H5N1 virus can live in the environment for extended periods, but cannot be contracted by eating properly handled, cooked poultry or eggs, and thus far has not shown any sign of spreading easily from person to person, though that is always a likelihood, warns the CDC. As the Lung Association notes, there has been limited transmission in the case of long-term contact with sick relatives.

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    In Winnipeg, hospitals recorded up to 900 emergency room visits per day. The average is about 700 to 750.

    “We’ve experienced, over the last 48 to 72 hours, a significant increase in the number of people reporting to our emergency department,” Lori Lamont, the Winnipeg Regional Health Authority’s chief nursing officer, said last month.

    Alberta Health Services says the province’s influenza season has hit Alberta seniors particularly hard.

    “It is hitting older people significantly harder than it did last year,” said Dr. James Talbot, Alberta’s chief medical officer of health.

    “The rate of lab-confirmed cases amongst those over the age of 80 is four times higher this season than it was last season.”

    WATCH ABOVE: New statistics confirm Alberta’s flu season started a few weeks early and it’s hitting older people particularly hard. Su-Ling Goh reports.

    Doctors aren’t surprised that this year’s flu season is leading to increased hospital activity.

    The H3N2 flu season in North America shares similarities with what happened months ago during the southern hemisphere’s flu season.

    Each year, strains of influenza mutate and re-emerge, infecting victims and triggering a new season. Those of us in the northern hemisphere keep a watchful eye on the flu in the southern hemisphere, which affects residents during their winter (or our summer).

    The H3N2 strain is what affected seniors in the southern hemisphere and it was most pronounced on the tail end of the flu season, within the last six weeks, according to Dr. Gerald Evans, a Queen’s University medicine professor and chief of infectious diseases at Kingston General Hospital.

    H3N2, traditionally, is more potent. Evans warned in November that if health officials are anticipating an H3N2 predominant season, there could be more hospitalizations.

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    On a diet of fruits and vegetables, constipation disappears, never to return.

    Weight loss is entirely normal when the diet is improved. Some individuals become alarmed when their weight falls rapidly. In most cases, this is not a cause for alarm.

    From five to fifteen pounds of water weight alone may be lost when salt is completely eliminated from the diet. In some individuals, five to twenty pounds of old fecal matter may be eliminated from the colon. All of this is useless weight, and you should say, “Good riddance!”

    The body will also try to eliminate all diseased tissue in an effort to rebuild a healthy body. It will try to strip itself down to the bare foundations and then begin to add on only healthy tissue.

    Weight loss may occur for six months to a year. Exercises for muscle growth, such as weight lifting and swimming, will help rebuild the body with lean, muscular tissue. Be sure that your diet includes sufficient amounts of sweet fruits that are high in calories to balance out the low-calorie salads.

    Usually, you can expect to weigh about twenty pounds less after you renormalize your body from the typical high-meat and fat diet of most Americans.

    Almost all the symptoms experienced during a dietary change are due to the body’s efforts to detoxify itself as rapidly as possible!

    You can help in this process by fasting and getting plenty of rest. Be sure you get all the sleep you want and try to avoid stressful situations. During detoxification, you need as much peace and privacy as possible.

    Never halt any symptom with medication. It will only reappear later in greater intensity.

    Above all else, cultivate a positive attitude about what you are doing. Do not feel like you are punishing yourself or that you are making any great sacrifices. You are recovering your health, and that is the greatest reward that can be expected.