That's not surprising: Many of the symptoms are the same, including pain in the joints and muscles and swollen lymph glands.
Lymph nodes are part of your body's immune system and tend to get inflamed when there's an infection. Many of them are located in your armpit, groin, and neck.
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As with other symptoms, sore throat and headache can often be recognized as ARS only in context, Dr. Horberg says.
If you've engaged recently in high-risk behavior, an HIV test is a good idea. Get tested for your own sake and for others: HIV is most infectious in the earliest stage.
Keep in mind that the body hasn't produced antibodies to HIV yet so an antibody test may not pick it up. (It can take a few weeks to a few monthsfor HIV antibodies to show in a blood test). Investigate other test options such as one that detects viral RNA, typically within nine days of infection.
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Skin rashes can occur early or late in the course of HIV/AIDS.
For Ron, this was another sign that he might not have run-of-the-mill allergies or a cold.
"They were like boils, with some itchy pink areas on my arms," Ron says. The rashes can also appear on the trunk of the body. "If [the rashes] aren't easily explained or easily treated, you should think about having an HIV test," Dr. Horberg says.
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Anywhere from 30% to 60% of people have short-term nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea in the early stages of HIV, Dr. Malvestutto says.
These symptoms can also appear as a result of antiretroviral therapy and later in the infection, usually as the result of an opportunistic infection.
"Diarrhea that is unremitting and not responding at all to usual therapy might be an indication," Dr. Horberg says. Or symptoms may be caused by an organism not usually seen in people with healthy immune systems, he adds.
Photo: Getty Images
Once called "AIDS wasting," weight loss is a sign of more advanced illness and could be due in part to severe diarrhea.
"If you're already losing weight, that means the immune system is usually fairly depleted," Dr. Malvestutto says. "This is the patient who has lost a lot of weight even if they continue to eat as much as possible. This is late presentation. We still see a lot of these." It has become less common, however, thanks to antiretroviral therapy.
Foodborne illness, also known as food poisoning, can be caused by a variety of microbes such as bacteria, fungi, viruses, and parasites. Harmful toxins or chemicals present in food also may cause foodborne illness.
Different causes of food poisoning cause different symptoms, so there is no one syndrome that is foodborne illness; however, common symptoms include abdominal cramping, diarrhea (which may be bloody), nausea, vomiting, fever, headache, fatigue, and body aches.
Generally, after contaminated food is consumed there is a delay before food poisoning symptoms start. This delay is called the “incubation period”. The incubation period of a foodborne illness can range from less than an hour (which is rare) to days or weeks, and depends on the organism causing the illness and the amount ingested. This means that the last foods consumed before symptoms start are not always the source of a person’s illness.
O. Peter Snyder, Jr. Ph.D., with the Hospitality Institute of Technology and Management, prepared charts on the incubation period and symptoms for several causes of foodborne illness. Below are links to the detailed charts.
Diarrhea – loose, watery stools occurring more than three times in one day – is a common problem. There are many causes of diarrhea. Temporary diarrhea lasting three weeks or less could be a symptom of a foodborne illness and is usually related to bacterial, viral, or parasitic infection. Temporary diarrhea may also be caused by food intolerances, food allergies, or reactions to medicines.
Chronic diarrhea lasts more than three weeks and is often related to disorders like irritable bowel syndrome or diseases such as inflammatory bowel disease or celiac disease. Some people develop diarrhea after stomach surgery or after removal of the gallbladder. In many cases, the cause of chronic diarrhea cannot be found.
Many people use the term “stomach flu” or “24-hour flu” to describe symptoms of nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea. Although these symptoms can be related to illness caused by influenza viruses, experts at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention suspect that many of the intestinal illnesses commonly referred to as “stomach flu” are actually caused by foodborne pathogens. Influenza or “the flu” is primarily an illness of the respiratory system caused by influenza viruses that are spread from person-to-person through coughing or sneezing. If diarrheal symptoms do not occur with respiratory symptoms, a person may actually have food poisoning.
Technically, gastroenteritis refers to irritation of the stomach and intestines. Health care providers frequently use “gastroenteritis” or “acute gastroenteritis” as nonspecific terms to describe diarrheal illness suspected to be caused by an infectious agent. Other symptoms can include abdominal cramping, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, and fever.
Influenza 2018: Was steckt hinter Grippe-Symptomen - ohne Fieber?
Aktualisiert: 26.03.18 14:40
Was es zu bedeuten hat
Influenza 2018: Was steckt hinter Grippe-Symptomen - ohne Fieber?
Man hustet, schnupft und fühlt sich schlapp – doch von Fieber ist man glücklicherweise verschont geblieben. Ist es dann überhaupt eine Grippe?
Complications from the avian flu include a range of severe illnesses, including:
- Altered mental state
- Failure of multiple organs (e.g. kidney failure)
If you suspect you may be infected with H5N1, seek medical help immediately. The CDC suggests wearing a mask and letting your health professional know about any places you may have travelled recently.
Cases of H5N1 infected poultry stock have thus far only been found in Asia, Africa, Europe and the Middle East, according to the Public Health Agency of Canada. And though transmission to humans is rare, it has occurred in at least 600 cases since 2003, resulting from people handling sick or dead birds infected with the virus, or being in their environments.
Backyard Chickens & Avian Influenza: What to Do About Bird Flu
1/9/17 UPDATE: The USDA’s APHIS confirmed the first case of H5N2 of Eurasian Lineage in a wild mallard duck in Montana. The same precautions below apply with particular emphasis on avoiding wild waterfowl.
3/5/17 UPDATE: The USDA’s APHIS confirmed the presence of highly pathogenic H7N9 avian influenza (HPAI) of North American wild bird lineage in a commercial chicken breeder flock in Lincoln County, Tennessee.
3/6/17 The Tennessee state veterinarian confirms that a flock of chickens at a commercial poultry breeding operation has tested positive for H7N9, a low pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI)
To view an interactive map of confirmed cases of avian influenza in North America in 2017, click HERE.
15,000 birds was reduced to 100 in a number of days from the virus- the survivors were immediately quarantined and humanely euthanized. The result would be the same for a backyard flock. There is no such thing as reducing losses in backyard flocks with avian influenza, so there is no need for discussion of survivors being carriers- once the virus is confirmed, the entire flock is euthanized.
- Sudden death without any clinical signs
- Lack of energy and appetite
- Decreased egg production and/or soft-shelled or misshapen eggs
- Swelling of the head, eyelids, comb, wattles, and hocks
- Purple discoloration of the wattles, combs, and legs (looks like bruising)
- Runny nose, coughing, sneezing
- Stumbling or falling down
ISOLATE your birds from potential bird flu carriers coming from high risk locations.
symptome influenza typ a - symptome influenza type b - symptomen influenza type a - symptomen influenza virus type a -
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…New immunotherapy trial for type 1 diabetes; The search for a treatment for diabetes type 1 (DM1) – which affects more than 400,000 people in the UK –…
India sees a steady increase in the number of children affected by type 1 diabetes
…Type 1 diabetes, formerly called juvenile diabetes, is usually diagnosed in children and young adults. In type 1 diabetes, the body does not produce insulin. India sees a…
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promising treatment for pulmonary influenza-related injury
…promising treatment for pulmonary influenza-related injury; electron micrograph Colorized transmission of avian influenza virus a H5N1. Credit: Public Domain (Medical Xpress) –Influenza is highly contagious, and often causes…
Children with chronic rheumatic disease at risk of diabetes Type 1 diabetes
…people with type 1 diabetes compared to the general pediatric population,” said Dr. Kirsten Minden Rheumatism Research Center, Berlin, Germany. “However, this study shows the inverse correlation that Type 1…
Cocaine was introduced to many Americans as an ingredient, combined with African kola, in the popular soft drink Coca-Cola in 1886. During this era, cocaine was strongly endorsed by the medical community and could be found in many over the counter tonics and elixirs.
The largely unregulated use of cocaine led to an unforeseen epidemic of cocaine addiction in America. Estimates from 1902 claim 200,000 had become addicted to cocaine and by 1907 U.S. coca leaf imports had increased three-fold since the turn of the century.
The Harrison Narcotic Act of 1914 outlawed the use of cocaine in the U.S. and its popularity decreased until the 1970s, as many again doubted its addictiveness. Cocaine continued to be seen as a relatively harmless recreational drug until the mid-1980s and the arrival of crack cocaine (A Social History).
Withdrawal from Cocaine
Crack, a solid form of cocaine which is typically smoked, emerged as a stronger, cheaper alternative for powder cocaine in the mid-1980s. Crack provides an immediate, short, intense high and is extremely addictive. The crack epidemic is tied to an increase of addiction, a rise in crime rates, and instances of severe physiological damage in babies born to crack users. Punishment relating to crimes associated with crack versus punishment associated with powder cocaine is a constant source of debate and controversy in the U.S. (qtd fm, Fryer R, Heaton P, et al.)
According to the American Psychiatric Association’s Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Dependence upon cocaine is evident if three of the following criteria are met:
- Developing tolerance to the euphoric effects of cocaine and requiring more drug to produce the desired effects.
- Stopping cocaine usually results in withdrawal symptoms (such as fatigue, sleep disturbances, agitation, or depression), and these symptoms can be relieved by using cocaine again.
- Using cocaine in large amounts whenever it is available. (Seldom do people save some for later.)
- Inability to successfully reduce the amount of cocaine one is using.
- Spending a great deal of time and energy obtaining and using cocaine, which isolates one from friends and family, and/or engaging in unlawful activities such as shoplifting, theft, burglary, or homicide to obtain money to buy cocaine.
- Inability to successfully maintain employment while using cocaine because of ineffectiveness at work, increased absenteeism, inability to hold a job, or inability to find work.
- Continually using cocaine despite knowing one will develop mental symptoms, such as paranoia, hallucinations, and delusions, and/or continually using cocaine despite medical consequences, such as weight loss, anemia, or seizures (qtd fm, Morton W).
Due to the intense “rewards” provided by cocaine, attempts at recovery from cocaine addiction can be extremely challenging. Among the challenges, upon cessation of use, are the withdrawal symptoms.
Typically, an extended cocaine binge is followed by a devastating crash and an intense craving for more cocaine. Because the physical withdrawal symptoms associated with cocaine addiction differ from the of heroin or alcohol (vomiting, shaking, etc…), the severity of cocaine addiction is often underestimated. More a psychological addiction, cocaine dependence clearly qualifies as an addiction when defined as: “a desire for more of the drug, despite negative consequences” (Cocaine Withdrawal).
- Agitation and restless behavior
- Depressed mood
- Generalized malaise
- Increased appetite
- Vivid and unpleasant dreams
- Slowing of activity (Cocaine Withdrawal)
Despite the fact that continued cocaine use becomes less and less pleasant for the addict (increased paranoia, depression, and fear; rather than euphoria), craving for more cocaine remains intense. Following cessation, these psychological cravings can last for months. Suicidal thoughts are often experienced during the withdrawal process.
Intense craving, depression, general malaise, and agitation typical of cocaine withdrawal are considered as powerful as similar withdrawal symptoms associated with alcohol and heroin withdrawal. The debilitating effects of these symptoms are often what lead the individual back to using cocaine.
While the physical symptoms associated with cocaine withdrawal may be milder than those of alcohol or heroin abuse, withdrawal from any long-term substance use should be taken very serious. Although cocaine withdrawal symptoms generally ease and go away with time, often the cocaine abuser will begin using and abusing other substances such as alcohol and benzodiazepines to ease the discomfort. The risk of suicide and/or overdose is ever-present with this type of withdrawal strategy.
Cocaine addiction is often paired with coexisting psychiatric disorders such as depression and bi-polar disorder. Whether these conditions are preexisting or cocaine induced; treatment of these disorders has proven to be highly necessary in the recovery of the cocaine addict. While no drug has been found to be effective in curbing the intense cravings of withdrawal, pharmacologic treatment of coexisting psychiatric disorders has proven to be highly effective (Morton, W).
Cocaine, largely considered a relatively harmless recreational drug until the mid-1980s and the emergence of crack; has proven to be anything but harmless. Crack cocaine has been proven to be a correlate with crime, violence, poverty, broken homes, birth defects, etc… Despite the absence of physical withdrawal symptoms, the psychological pull of cocaine makes recovery from cocaine addiction a difficult, but possible, challenge. According to experts in the field of recovery, the only sure way to avoid becoming addicted to cocaine is to stay away from cocaine entirely.
Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a serious condition that can lead to diabetic coma (passing out for a long time) or even death.
When your cells don't get the glucose they need for energy, your body begins to burn fat for energy, which produces ketones. Ketones are chemicals that the body creates when it breaks down fat to use for energy. The body does this when it doesn’t have enough insulin to use glucose, the body’s normal source of energy. When ketones build up in the blood, they make it more acidic. They are a warning sign that your diabetes is out of control or that you are getting sick.
This brings us to consider the third classic cause of illness--the phenomenon known to indigenous healers as soul loss.
Among the traditionals, soul loss is regarded as the most serious diagnosis and the major cause of premature death and serious illness, yet curiously, it's not even mentioned in our Western medical textbooks. The closest acknowledged context is “He/she has lost the will to live”.
In Western society, soul loss is most easily understood as damage to a person's life essence, a phenomenon that usually occurs in response to trauma. When the trauma are severe, this may result in a fragmentation of that person's soul cluster, with the shattered soul parts dissociating, fleeing an intolerable situation. In overwhelming circumstances, these soul parts may not return.
Soul loss can also occur when a child is mercilessly bullied or teased at home or at school, day after day, or when a young person is molested by the one who is supposed to be caring for them. When someone has been raped or assaulted, has suffered a shocking betrayal, a bitter divorce, a traumatic abortion, a terrible car accident, or even a serious surgery, soul loss is assured.
Many of the young men and women who were sent to war in Afghanistan, Iraq, Kuwait, Viet Nam, Korea and beyond, came home personally damaged because they had suffered terrible soul loss. Our medical specialists labeled their disorders as post-traumatic stress syndrome, but they had little to offer these "walking wounded" in terms of true healing, and many who survived are still deeply traumatized at the soul level by what happened to them in war.
Soul loss is easily recognizable if you know what you're looking for. Here's a checklist of some of the classic symptoms:
- feelings of being fragmented, of not being all here.
- blocked memory--an inability to remember parts of one's life.
- an inability to feel love or receive love from another.
- emotional remoteness.
- a sudden onset of apathy or listlessness.
- a lack of initiative or enthusiasm.
- a lack of joy.
- a failure to thrive.
- an inability to make decisions.
- an inability to discriminate.
- chronic negativity.
- suicidal tendencies.
- melancholy or despair.
- chronic depression.
Perhaps the most common symptom of soul loss is depression. In the early 1990s, Time magazine did a cover story on depression in America that revealed 60 million Americans were taking anti-depressant drugs on a daily basis, representing about 30% of our population.
Today that number is closer to 80 million, representing about 40% of society at large, and sometimes that number jumps in response to a national trauma. On the Friday following 9/11, a television newscast revealed that 7 out of 10 Americans polled were experiencing significant depression in response to the tragedy, an indicator of soul loss on a national scale.
Although the term “soul loss” is not familiar to most Westerners, examples of it are expressed daily in our language and descriptions of personal hardships. Media interviews and news reports include individuals’ comments such as “I lost a part of myself when that (trauma) happened” and “I have not been the same since.” When discussing soul loss with inquiring individuals, most everyone has a sense of having lost a “part” of themselves at some time in life, yet virtually no one has the awareness that the missing part(s) could be recovered.
Watch a video of Hank discussing the three causes of spiritual illness: