Influenza ist eine durch das Influenzavirus verursachte Erkrankung der Atemwege. Hierdurch wird die Schleimhaut (Mucosa) der Atemwege angegriffen und das Eindringen anderer pathogener/toxischer Erreger erleichtert. Das Influenzavirus ist sehr ansteckend.

Die Infektion erfolgt meist durch das Einatmen (Inhalation) von infizierten Partikeln (Tröpfcheninfektion bei Husten und Niesen). Es sind aber auch Schmier- und Kontaktinfektionen möglich.

Die Viren binden an Rezeptoren von Zellen im Atemtrakt, dringen in diese ein, vermehren sich dort und führen schließlich zu einer Zerstörung der betroffenen Zellen. Hierbei werden viele neue Viren freigesetzt. Es kommt zu einer ausgeprägten Entzündungsreaktion. Die Inkubationszeit beträgt 1-4 Tage.

Eine niedrige Luftfeuchtigkeit und Kälte begünstigen die Übertragung der Viren. Deshalb kommt es zu einer Häufung von Infektionen während der Herbst- und Wintermonate. Als mögliche Ursachen dafür werden diskutiert:

  • Austrockung der Schleimhäute
  • Verdickung des Nasenschleims durch Kälteexposition
  • Schnellere Zersetzung der Viren bei hoher Luftfeuchtigkeit

Influenzaviren sind allgemein behüllte Einzelstrang-RNA-Viren. Je nach auslösendem Virustyp unterscheidet man:

  • Influenza A: Es gibt 16 H-Subtypen (H1-H16) und 9 N-Subtypen (N1-N9). Die Buchstaben H und N stehen dabei für die Pathogenitätsfaktoren Hämagglutinin und Neuraminidase. Durch die jährliche Veränderung der H- und N-Antigene kommt es zu einer fehlenden Wirksamkeit von bestehenden Antikörpern und damit zu jährlichen Grippeepidemien. Beispiele für Influenza A sind:
    • Influenza-A-(H1N1)
    • Influenza-A-(H5N1)
    • Influenza-A-(H7N9)
  • Influenza B
  • Influenza C

Typisch ist ein plötzlicher und heftiger Ausbruch der Krankheit. Die Symptome gleichen zum Teil denen einer starken Erkältung (die im Volksmund auch oft fälschlicherweise als Grippe bezeichnet wird), meist sind sie jedoch stärker ausgeprägt:

Mehrtägiges Fieber von 39 bis 40 Grad ist möglich. Komplikationen können Kreislaufschwäche, Entzündung des Nervensystems und der Lunge sein.

In der nördlichen Hemisphäre tritt Influenza bevorzugt in den Wintermonaten, also saisonal, auf ("Grippesaison"). Die genaue Inzidenz ist bei Grippe nur schwer abschätzbar, da inapparente und leichtere Krankheitsverläufe die Abgrenzung erkrankter Personen erschweren. Vom CDC (Center for Disease Control) wird geschätzt, dass ca. 15% der Bevölkerung betroffen ist (oft aber ohne Symptome). Die stationäre Inzidenz liegt etwa bei ca. 60 Personen auf 100.000 Fälle.

Die Mortalität der Influenza ist abhängig vom zirkulierenden Subtyp. Sie schwankte nach Schätzungen des RKI im Zeitraum von 1985-2006 zwischen 0,1 und 38 Todesfällen pro 100.000 Einwohner.

  • Spanische Grippe: Durch eine spezielle Variante des H1N1-Erregers ausgelöste Influenza, die weltweit etwa 20-40 Millionen Opfer forderte (1918).
  • Vogelgrippe: Seit schätzungsweise knapp 10 Jahren ist in Asien die Vogelgrippe verbreitet. Hierbei traten Influenza-A-Viren des Subtyps H5N1 von Hühnern auf Menschen über. Durch Schlachtung Tausender Tiere ist ein Ausbruch einer Pandemie verhindert worden. Nichtsdestotrotz herrscht in Expertenkreisen nach wie vor die große Angst vor, dass der H5N1-Virus mutiert, von Mensch zu Mensch übertragbar und damit hoch gefährlich wird. Eine neue Pandemie wie die Spanische Grippe, so fürchtet man, könnte ebenfalls Millionen von Menschenleben fordern.

Der direkte Nachweis von Virus-Antigenen kann mittels Immunfluoreszenz, ELISA oder PCR erfolgen. Als Probenmaterial wird Nasenspülwasser, Rachenspülwasser oder durch eine bronchoalveoläre Lavage (BAL) gewonnenes Bronchialsekret verwendet.

Der indirekte Nachweis einer Infektion wird durch Bestimmung der Influenza-Antikörper (IgA, IgG, IgM) im Serum mittels ELISA erbracht.

Wie bei anderen Influenzaformen bietet die Impfung nur einen relativen Schutz. Das Problem dabei ist, dass sich Grippe-Viren ständig verändern und deswegen Impfungen jedes Jahr aufgefrischt werden müssen. Schutzimpfungen sind für ältere Menschen und besonders gefährdete Personen empfohlen (Patienten mit chronischen Lungen-, Herz-, Leber-, Nierenerkrankungen, medizinisches Personal).

Eine effektive, aber häufig unterschätzte Maßnahme ist das gründliche Händewaschen, da die Erreger durch Seifen abgetötet werden. Es minimiert vor allem das Risiko einer Schmierinfektion.

Das Tragen von Gesichtsmasken ist nur sinnvoll, wenn es sich um Masken handelt, die den ungefilterten Lufteinstrom ausreichend vermindern, wie z.B. FFP3-Masken. Einfache Gesichtsmasken (Mundschutz) sind als Schutzmaßnahme unwirksam, da sie den Atemstrom nicht filtrieren, weil Luft frei an den Seiten ein- und austreten kann.

  • Bettruhe
  • Körperliche Schonung
  • Ausreichende Flüssigkeitszufuhr

In der Frühphase der Infektion können wie bei anderen Influenza-Formen antivirale Medikamente eingesetzt werden. Dazu zählen unter anderem:

Die Wirksamkeit dieser Medikamente gegen einen bestimmten isolierten Erregerstamm ist sehr variabel. Punktmutationen im Virusgenom können bei Neuraminidase-Hemmern zu einer Veränderung der Resistenzlage, d.h. zur Unwirksamkeit der Medikamente führen. Wie bei bakteriellen Erregern nehmen Resistenzen durch den breiten Einsatz antiviraler Substanzen zu.

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Some of these environmentally content bacteria in your body are actually good for you, it is only less than 1 percent that are not. Take lactobacillus acidophilus for example, this bacterium helps you digest food, destroys disease causing organisms and provides nutrients to your body.

However, when the “not good” bacteria invades, these misery creators rapidly reproduce, many producing powerful chemicals (toxins) that damage tissue cells at the site of their invasion, and that’s what makes you ill.

Some examples of the sickness these bacterial invaders cause are:

A virus is a capsule containing genetic material, even smaller than bacteria. The main mission of a virus is to reproduce. However, viruses need a suitable host to multiply, unlike bacteria.

So what a virus does in its invasion, is it takes over some of your cells and instructs these overtaken cells to make what it needs for reproduction. These host cells are then destroyed in the process.

Examples of these viral illnesses are:

Molds, yeasts and mushrooms are all types of fungi. They can live in your body, usually without harm and some offer benefits.

For example, penicillin is derived from fungi, and this “life saving” antibiotic kills harmful bacteria. Fungi are also required to make certain foods, such as bread, cheese and yogurt.

Other fungi aren’t as beneficial and can cause illness. Examples are:

You can prevent infection through regular hand washing, vaccinations and, in some situations, appropriate medications. Also, healthy diet, exercise and rest helps keep your immune system charged up and ready for battle.

Seek medical attention when infection is suspected and you experience:

  • a bite
  • swelling
  • 100.4 F or higher
  • persistent vomiting
  • breathing difficulties
  • over a week long cough
  • rapid heartbeat episodes
  • severe and unusual headache
  • a rash accompanied by a fever
  • blurred or other vision difficulties

Prevent the preventable by keeping your body’s front line immune system in shape to defend bacteria, virus or fungus invasions.

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Internet addiction disorder refers to the problematic use of the Internet, including the various aspects of its technology, such as electronic mail (e-mail) and the World Wide Web. The reader should note that Internet addiction disorder is not listed in the mental health professional's handbook, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders , fourth edition, text revision (2000), which is also called the DSM. Internet addiction has, however, been formally recognized as a disorder by the American Psychological Association.

In some respects, addictive use of the Internet resembles other so-called "process" addictions, in which a person is addicted to an activity or behavior (including gambling, shopping, or certain sexual behaviors) rather than a substance (mood-altering drugs, tobacco, food, etc.). People who develop problems with their Internet use may start off using the Internet on a casual basis and then progress to using the technology in dysfunctional ways. Many people believe that spending large amounts of time on the Internet is a core feature of the disorder. The amount of time by itself, however, is not as important a factor as the ways in which the person's Internet use is interfering with their daily functioning. Use of the Internet may interfere with the person's social life, school work, or job-related tasks at work. In addition, cases have been reported of persons entering Internet chat rooms for people with serious illnesses or disorders, and pretending to be a patient with that disorder in order to get attention or sympathy. Treatment options often mirror those for other addictions. Although only a limited amount of research has been done on this disorder, the treatments that have been used appear to be effective.

No one knows what causes a person to be addicted to the Internet, but there are several factors that have been proposed as contributing to Internet addiction. One theory concerns the mood-altering potential of behaviors related to process addictions. Just as a person addicted to shopping may feel a "rush" or pleasurable change in mood from the series of actions related to a spending spree— checking one's credit cards, driving to the mall, going into one's favorite store, etc.— the person with an Internet addiction may feel a similar "rush" from booting up their computer and going to their favorite web sites. In other words, some researchers think that there are chemical changes that occur in the body when someone is engaging in an addictive behavior. Furthermore, from a biological standpoint, there may be a combination of genes that make a person more susceptible to addictive behaviors, just as researchers have located genes that affect a person's susceptibility to alcohol.

In addition to having features of a process addiction, Internet use might be reinforced by pleasurable thoughts and feelings that occur while the person is using the Internet. Although researchers in the field of addiction studies question the concept of an "addictive personality" as such, it is possible that someone who has one addiction may be prone to become addicted to other substances or activities, including Internet use. People with such other mental disorders or symptoms as depression, feelings of isolation, stress , or anxiety, may "self-medicate" by using the Internet in the same way that some people use alcohol or drugs of abuse to self-medicate the symptoms of their mental disorder.

From a social or interpersonal standpoint, there may be familial factors prompting use of the Internet. For

One question that has not yet been answered concerning Internet addiction is whether it is a distinctive type of addiction or simply an instance of a new technology being used to support other addictions. For example, there are gambling casinos on the Internet that could reinforce a person's pre-existing gambling addiction. Similarly, someone addicted to shopping could transfer their addiction from the local mall to online stores. Persons addicted to certain forms of sexual behavior can visit pornography sites on the Internet or use chat rooms as a way to meet others who might be willing to participate in those forms of behavior. Researchers may need to determine whether there is such a disorder as "pure" Internet addiction.

One symptom of Internet addiction is excessive time devoted to Internet use. A person might have difficulty cutting down on his or her online time even when they are threatened with poor grades or loss of a job. There have been cases reported of college students failing courses because they would not take time off from Internet use to attend classes. Other symptoms of addiction may include lack of sleep, fatigue , declining grades or poor job performance, apathy , and racing thoughts. There may also be a decreased investment in social relationships and activities. A person may lie about how much time was spent online or deny that they have a problem. They may be irritable when offline, or angry toward anyone who questions their time on the Internet.

In the past, people reported to have an Internet addiction disorder were stereotyped as young, introverted, socially awkward, computer-oriented males. While this stereotype may have been true in the past, the availability of computers and the increased ease of access to the Internet are quickly challenging this notion. As a result, problematic Internet use can be found in any age group, social class, racial or ethnic group, level of education and income, and gender.

As previously noted, Internet addiction disorder has not yet been added as an official diagnosis to the DSM. The following, however, is a set of criteria for Internet addiction that has been proposed by addiction researchers. The criteria are based on the diagnostic standards for pathological gambling.

The patient must meet all of the following criteria:

  • He or she is preoccupied with the Internet (thinks about previous online activity or is anticipating the next online session).
  • He or she needs to spend longer and longer periods of time online in order to feel satisfied.
  • He or she has made unsuccessful efforts to control, cut back, or stop Internet use.
  • He or she is restless, moody, depressed, or irritable when attempting to cut down or stop Internet use.
  • He or she repeatedly stays online longer than he or she originally intended.

The person must meet at least one of the following criteria:

  • He or she has jeopardized or risked the loss of a significant relationship, job, educational or career opportunity because of Internet use.
  • He or she has lied to family members, a therapist, or others to conceal the extent of involvement with the Internet.
  • He or she uses the Internet as a way of escaping from problems or of relieving an unpleasant mood (such as feelings of helplessness, guilt, anxiety, or depression).

Since Internet addiction disorder is a relatively new phenomenon, there is little research on the effectiveness of treatment procedures. Some professionals advocate abstinence from the Internet. Others argue that it may be unrealistic to have a person completely end all Internet use. As society becomes more and more dependent on computers for business transactions, educational programs, entertainment, and access to information as well as interpersonal communication, it will be difficult for a computer-literate person to avoid using the Internet. Learning how to use the Internet in moderation is often the main objective in therapy, in a way analogous to the way that people with eating disorders need to come to terms with food. Many of the procedures that have been used to treat Internet addiction have been modeled after other addiction treatment programs and support groups .

If a person's Internet addiction disorder has a biological dimension, then such medication as an antidepressant or anti-anxiety drug may help them with these aspects of the addiction. Psychological interventions may include such approaches as changing the environment to alter associations that have been made with Internet use, or decrease the reinforcement received from excessive Internet use. Psychological interventions may also help the person identify thoughts and feelings that trigger their use of the Internet. Interpersonal interventions may include such approaches as social skills training or coaching in communication skills. Family and couple therapy may be indicated if the user is turning to the Internet to escape from problems in these areas of life.

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Fast and can be bad: Fever, chills, achiness, cough, congestion, headache, sorethroat starting about 18-72 hours after exposure and u become contagious starting just around onset of symptoms or a bit before and continue for about 5-10 days. Young children may shed for longer period of time. With appropriate treatment/med, shedding should stop in about 72 hours. Prevention is key--vaccination & handwashing.
Good luck.. Read more

Influenza is a viral respiratory infection that causes cough, fever, chills, sore throat, muscle aches and headache. While most healthy people suffer few complications from the flu, it can be deadly for pregnant women, babies and children, the elderly and those with weak immune systems. That's why it's so important to get the flu shot to protect yourself and your loved ones.. Read more

Influenza: Unlikely. The typical incubation period for influenza is 1—4 days (average 2 days). Adults shed influenza virus from the day before symptoms begin through 5—10 days after illness onset. However, the amount of virus shed, and presumably infectivity varies. You may have been exposed earlier without knowing it.. Read more

TB/Flu: According to Mayo Clinic Flu sxs may include “Fever over 100F (38C), Aching muscles, especially in your back, arms and legs, Chills & sweats, Headache, Dry Cough, Fatigue and weakness, Nasal Congestion.” Active TB sx's may include: fever, night sweats, chills, coughing (including blood), chest pain, weight loss. Decreased appetite, fatigue.. Read more

Feel miserable.: Fever, chills, cough, body aches, fatigue, congestion. Some vomiting/diarrhea, (influenza is not same as stomach flu). I've heard these descriptions: "like a truck backed over me, and I wished he'd come back and finish the job." "everything hurt. My arms, my legs, my head... Fingernails and eyebrows hurt." "i hurt so badly, I couldn't even sleep." get shot-2 more strains could infect you.. Read more

Among others: Aches and fevers are very non-specific and could be due to dozens of infectious and non-infectious conditions. With influenza may also see respiratory tract symptoms, GI symptoms, severe chills, etc. The only way however to know if is influenza is through testing for the virus or later on, antibodies to the virus.. Read more

Feel miserable.: Fever, chills, cough, body aches, fatigue, congestion. Some vomiting/diarrhea, (influenza is not same as stomach flu). I've heard these descriptions: "like a truck backed over me, and I wished he'd come back and finish the job." "everything hurt. My arms, my legs, my head... Fingernails and eyebrows hurt." "i hurt so badly, I couldn't even sleep.".. Read more

Flu treatment: Tylenol (acetaminophen) (fever, aches), hall lozenges, (sore throat), fluids, rest. You treat the particular symptoms you are having. Antiviral medications.. Read more

Flu symptoms: Flu symptoms include fever, chills, muscle aches, extreme tiredness, sweats and night and generally feeling terrible.. Read more

Flu symptoms: The flu is most commonly manifest as fever, chills, body aches, sweats, malaise and just feeling terrible.. Read more

Same: Same as in non-pregnant individuals.

Hopefully: You don't go to school with any active viral symptoms.. Read more

Usually yes: If a person has the influenza, her flu symptoms usually last longer than her fever symptoms.. Read more

Way too much for 400: Characters or less. Check these sites. Measles: http://www. Nlm. Nih. Gov/medlineplus/measles. Html. Thphoid: http://www. Ncbi. Nlm. Nih. Gov/pubmedhealth/pmh0002308/. Influenza: http://www. Nlm. Nih. Gov/medlineplus/flu. Html.
Seek medical care if you are trying to diagnose your symptoms.. Read more

Complex: Fever, muscle aches; respiratory symptoms including sore throat, congestion, cough; gastrointestinal symptoms such as nausea, vomiting and diarrhea, among others.. Read more

Among others: Aches and fevers are very non-specific and could be due to dozens of infectious and non-infectious conditions. With influenza may also see respiratory tract symptoms, GI symptoms, severe chills, etc. The only way however to know if is influenza is through testing for the virus or later on, antibodies to the virus.. Read more

Most no symptoms: Most have no symptoms, 80%. If you develop symptoms of severe west nile virus illness, such as unusually severe headaches or confusion, seek medical attention immediately, according to the cdc. Severe illness usually requires hospitalization. Milder cases improve on their own and do not necessarily require medical attention.. Read more

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Wenn wir krank sind mit einer Virusinfektion, ist es, weil das Virus in Zellen in unserem Körper eingegeben und übernommen ihre Maschinen, um Kopien von sich selbst zu machen. Die Suche nach Möglichkeiten, diesen Prozess zu stören, ist wichtig für die antivirale Arzneimittelentwicklung. Jetzt zeigt eine neue Studie, wie das Grippevirus auf ein Protein in der Wirtszelle angewiesen ist, um ihm zu helfen, seine Mission zu vollenden.

You can also catch flu by touching an infected person, for instance, shaking hands. Adults are contagious 1-2 days before getting symptoms and up to 7 days after becoming ill. This means that you can spread the influenza virus before you even know you are infected.

In this article, we explain the symptoms of flu, how it is treated, how it differs from a cold, and the best ways to prevent flu occurring.

Here are some key points about flu. More detail and supporting information is in the main article.

  • Antibiotics cannot be used to treat flu.
  • Approximately 5-20 percent of Americans will develop flu.
  • Experts agree that the best way to prevent flu is to get vaccinated each year.
  • The flu vaccine is not suitable for certain groups of people, such as those who have a severe allergy to chicken eggs.

Confusing flu with a bad cold is common. Flu and cold symptoms may both include a runny/blocked nose, sore throat, and cough.

To help you tell them apart, below are some symptoms of flu that are different from a heavy cold:

  • high temperature
  • cold sweats and shivers
  • headache
  • aching joints and limbs
  • fatigue, feeling exhausted

There may also be gastrointestinal symptoms, such as nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea; these are much more common among children than adults.

Normally, symptoms linger for about 1 week. However, the feeling of tiredness and gloom can continue for several weeks.

It is worth noting that not every person with flu will have all of the symptoms; for instance, it is possible to have flu without fever.

Often, fatigue is one of the earliest signs of flu and cold. With flu, the fatigue is often more extreme. Other early symptoms can include cough, sore throat, fever, body ache, chills, and gastrointestinal changes.

As flu is caused by a virus, antibiotics cannot help, unless the flu has led to another illness caused by bacteria. Antivirals, such as oseltamivir (Tamiflu) and zanamivir (Relenza), may be prescribed in some circumstances.

Painkillers can alleviate some of the symptoms, such as headache and body pains. Various painkillers are available to purchase online. It is important to compare different products, and only take them under the advice of a medical professional.

Some painkillers, such as aspirin, should not be given to children under 12.

Individuals with flu should:

  • stay at home
  • avoid contact with other people where possible
  • keep warm and rest
  • consume plenty of liquids
  • avoid alcohol
  • stop smoking
  • eat if possible

It is a good idea for people that live alone to tell a relative, friend, or neighbor that they have flu and make sure someone can check in on them.

A doctor only needs to be informed if:

  • the individual is frail or elderly
  • their temperature remains high after 4-5 days
  • symptoms worsen
  • the individual feels seriously ill
  • they become short of breath and/or develop chest pain

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People who experience anxiety and nervousness that doesn’t improve with conventional treatments like medication or even meditation may have a parasitic infection. There have been reports of people who underwent a parasite cleanse and experienced a dramatic improvement with their anxiety symptoms.

Sleep loss can also be associated with the presence of parasites. Much like the anxiety and nervousness that can be caused by the toxins the parasites release, sleep loss occurs with the body’s attempt to deal with the parasite invasion. The liver makes valiant attempts to rid the body of the toxic waste the parasites leave behind which can cause sleep disturbances.

Another cause of sleep disturbances is associated with pinworms. These tiny white worms exit the body when the host is sleeping to deposit their eggs around the anus. This causes extreme itching and discomfort.

People, especially children, who have a parasitic infection, have also been known to grind their teeth while sleeping. This is also associated with the nervousness that can be caused by the toxins the parasite is producing in the body.

Generally, parasites can weaken your immune system. This leads to being more susceptible for infections like the common cold and flu. You may have a parasite that is compromising your immune system if you find that you chronically experience cold and flu symptoms. It’s not abnormal to come down with a cold or flu occasionally, but when it seems like you are always fighting one off, it may be caused by a parasite weakening your body’s defenses.

Skin conditions are also a common symptom of having a parasitic infection. They can be very uncomfortable, unsightly, and painful to deal with. You may think that only parasites that feed off skin cells will cause these conditions, but that isn’t quite the case. While it’s true that fungi like ringworm cause itchy, patchy skin lesions, intestinal invaders like worms and protozoa also cause irritating skin conditions.

Hives, eczema, and other rashes have all been linked to intestinal parasites. It’s not known exactly why, but one theory is that the toxins released in the blood stream affect the skin from the inside out. Skin conditions that are not caused by parasites should clear up with topical ointments or steroid treatments prescribed by doctors. If the condition doesn’t clear up with these methods then the culprit may be a parasite.

When it seems like typical treatments are not providing any relief for any of these parasitic infection symptoms, it may be time to try a parasite cleanse. If left untreated, parasites will continue to multiply and cause damage inside the body. Some can live for years and years causing painful parasite symptoms the entire time.

Flu Treatments and Natural Remedies. In the United States, October through May is flu season. In the month of February you in the peak season for the flu. When people start getting runny noses and cough, they often pray they are not getting the more serious of the two illnesses.

Both the flu and common cold start with similar symptoms, but there is a distinct difference between the two. OK, so you don’t feel good. You have a sore throat, you are achy, stiff and feel like you are getting a fever. Knowing the difference between the common cold and the flu will make the difference in both prevention and treatment.

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Though it is scary, fever is a good thing, it is the body fighting off the infection. A child can spike to 104.5 and not have troubles, even with it going as high as 105. Yes, you can have febral (spelling) seizures, not life threatening.
Try cooling her off in a luke warm bath before bedtime. If your Dr doesn't deem it necessary, you shouldn't have to take her to the ER. My daughter had a fever of 103.5 for almost five days, it was scary, it would go down, go back up, she ended up having walking pnuemonia. Hang in there, just keep in contact with your Dr at all times. The flu takes 5 to 7 days to go away. Did your Dr take a nasal swab to confirm it was the flu? If not have him or her do so. It could be another infection, strep, viral, bacterial. A fever shouldn't last more the 3 days is what I learned with my daughter a few months ago. I didn't rush her in as her fever only came up in the evenings and she wasn't suffering any other symptoms.

Hi M. - if your daughter has been sick long enough to take her to the doctor twice and having non-responsive fevers, she needs to be seen by a doctor - today. Her fever should go down at least 1 degree in response to tylenol/motrin. A fever of 102-104 is not out of the ordinary but a fever that is unresponsive or hangs on more than 72 hours means there is a problem. She could easily start out with the flu or a para-flu and have it turn into something bacterial. We just went through this same thing in December - me, my husband and my 20month old. My husband got better on his own but my son and I needed antiobiotics. We both started getting better within a day of starting a strong antibiotic.

Be your own advocate - if you don't feel your primary care doc is listening - go to see another doc! It may cost some extra money, but your daughter's health is worth every penny!!

ALSO - alcohol baths are no longer recommended to reduce fevers. It can be absorbed through the skin and the chill can actually make a fever spike.

I have been told that it's not an emergency until their temperature reaches 106 degrees. Try to keep her fluids up as much as possible. This will help with the fever. Pedialyte, or the equivalent, is a good way to keep her hydrated.

M.: The time that you spent writing your letter, I would of
spent that time taking her to the E.R. I am a sixty year old
grandpa and there is nothing worse that seing a two year old in a casket. A trip tho E.R. and a thousand dollar bill is very cheap to keep a child. Good luck and may GOD bleas you.
JOE

hi M..
been there honey. your doing everything you can to help your little girl, so don't worry. now, when her temp is higher than 101 degrees for two plus hours, then take her to the ER. No one will say anything because you'd just be acting like all mothers do. I took my one year old son to the ER a few weeks ago because he seemed to be having a hard time breathing and his nails were turning blue. turns out he had croup, and the staff said, better to bring them in then have more severe consequences for not. high temps could make your daughter have seizures, but your already doing everything you can to prevent that(like anything is preventable!) so just try to relax and give that girl lots of lovin'! she'll be fine soon enough.

If your child has that high a temp at night, then yes you should take her to the ER.
But if you have alsohol, soak a rag and put it on her chest.
Do not put it directly on her skin, have a T-Shirt on her.
Then make sure she is covered up good, because the alcohol will make her sweat and if she gets cold while sweating she could get pneumonia.
I always slept with my sons when I resorted to this, it is an old remedy but it works.
Good Luck dear

Hi my name is A. and i am a nurse, I thnk that you should take your child to the ER if the fever is 102 or higher due to the fact that they might want and need to start IV fluids. Here is a lil info about seizures that children can have when they have such a high fever:

Fever seizures (sometimes called fever convulsions) are uncontrolled muscle spasms that can occur in children who have a rapid increase in body temperature. You may not even know your child has a fever. The rapid increase in body temperature in a short period of time is the cause of the fever seizure. Once a fever has reached a high temperature, the risk of a seizure is probably over. Most children who have a fever seizure have temperatures above 102 F.

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    Influenza is transmitted to a healthy person from an infected person through tiny droplets expelled from a runny nose or during sneezing, breathing or coughing.

    People with weak immune systems are more prone to getting infected. Once the virus attaches itself to cell receptors, it replicates in large quantities and invades the entire body.

    Influenza: phases of viral replication

    The first signs of influenza are felt after round 48 hours (incubation period) of the viral infection. The influenza virus originates and infects the human body in 4 phases. They are:

    a) Attachment: The virus binds to a respiratory epithelial cell membrane.

    b) Endocytosis: The virus wraps in an endocytic vesicle and releases mucleocapsides into the cytoplasm of the cell.

    c) Replication: Genome of influenza virus serves as a template using which each infected cell produces virus in large number

    d) Protein synthesis: The virus starts using the energy released from cellular metabolism to synthesize its own proteins.


    Vaccination for Influenza

    Vaccination is perhaps the best guard against influenza infection. Prophylaxis is the most commonly administered vaccination for influenza. However the kind of vaccination administered depends on the epidemiological context.
    The effectiveness of Influenza vaccination lasts for around a year, after which fresh vaccination is required. The body develops immunity after round two weeks of vaccination. In addition, the vaccination is effective only against certain strains of influenza and may fail as new strains originate.

    No information obtained on this site should be relied on as the basis for treating or diagnosing conditions, symptoms, or illness. All queries should be directed to your health professional.

    Always see your practitioner concerning your treatment options if you are pregnant or if suffering an illness or injury resulting from an accident. Read: complete disclaimer.

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    Lexapro (20 to 40mg past 7 years)

    Mirtazapine (30mg past 7 years)

    Sodium Valproate (1500mg, 1 year, 2013)

    Lithium (150mg, taken once off Sodium Valproate, 6 months 2014)

    Seroquel (750mg, 5 years, 2010 - 2014 )

    Ritalin (50 mg per day in the past 6 months)

    Lexapro is my last medication I am getting off now (under GP and psychiatrists supervisor / guidance). All other medications were weaned off of over a long period of time and in small increments.

    I started going off Lexapro a two weeks ago (20 mg down to 10 mg), the first week I thought I was just getting my girlfriends flu.

    Then I went from 10 mg to nothing.

    This has been HELL!

    Cold sores, mouth ulcers, lethargy, headaches, really bad insomnia, grumpy and unsociable.

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    The outlook varies, depending on the type of myositis.

    Idiopathic inflammatory myopathies. With proper treatment, most people with polymyositis or dermatomyositis eventually regain at least some muscle strength. Often, muscle strength returns to normal. Typically, inclusion body myositis does not improve with treatment. However, the illness usually progresses slowly and does not affect a person's lifespan unless complications lead to serious illness, such as pneumonia caused by swallowing or breathing problems. Eventually, some patients need a cane to help them walk. Others require a wheelchair. If a person with dermatomyositis develops cancer, the prognosis may be worse. Medications taken to treat these muscle diseases may cause complications that affect prognosis. For example, serious infections may complicate the use of immune suppressing medications.

    Infectious myositis. Once the flu passes, muscle symptoms improve. Treatment usually is effective, although recovery can be slow in people with trichinosis. For pyomyositis, the prognosis is good if the infection is treated promptly. If not, the infection can pass into the bloodstream and spread throughout the body.

    Benign acute myositis. Children typically walk normally again within a few days.

    Myositis ossificans. The prognosis is very good. If the bony lump does not disappear on its own, your doctor may recommend surgery to remove it.

    Drug-induced myositis. The prognosis is very good. In most cases, symptoms subside when the drug is stopped.

    National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases
    Information Clearinghouse
    National Institutes of Health
    1 AMS Circle
    Bethesda, MD 20892-3675
    Phone: 301-495-4484
    Toll-Free: 1-877-226-4267
    Fax: 301-718-6366
    TTY: 301-565-2966
    http://www.niams.nih.gov/

    National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke
    P.O. Box 5801
    Bethesda, MD 20824
    Phone: 301-496-5751
    Toll-Free: 1-800-352-9424
    TTY: 301-468-5981
    http://www.ninds.nih.gov/

    American Autoimmune Related Diseases Association (AARDA)
    22100 Gratiot Ave.
    East Detroit, MI 48021
    Phone: 586-776-3900
    Toll-Free: 1-800-598-4668
    http://www.aarda.org/

    Muscular Dystrophy Association
    3300 E. Sunrise Drive
    Tucson, AZ 85718
    Toll-Free: 1-800-572-1717
    http://www.mdausa.org/

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    Canine parvovirus is a highly contagious viral disease that is found among dogs. The disease is considered to be the fastest spreading disease among dogs. It is often fatal. A vaccine to prevent Parvo is available through a veterinarian but doesn’t guarantee a dog won’t still contract the virus. Just the same as human vaccines, it just gives the patient a lower chance of the virus penetrating the body. Puppies are often more susceptible to the disease since they are more likely to not yet have received the vaccine.

    Given the rapid speed at which the virus multiples in the blood stream there is no know cure for parvo. However, knowing how dogs contract the disease can help your pet avoid the virus altogether.

    The most common way a dog catches the serious virus is by interaction with an infected dog’s fecal matter (poop). This can be a disturbing thought given the amount of humans that don’t pick up after their dog has had a bowel movement. Think of how many time you have seen dog feces at the park and just walked around it. Well dogs are naturally curious creatures and may not avoid the mess but rather unknowingly approach an infected pile. If your pet ingests even a tiny particle of the virus they can be infected.

    To help your dog not contract Parvo from another dog’s feces try to keep a watchful eye when going for a walk, going to the park, or even playing in your own backyard. Keep away from all fecal matter found. When dealing with such a serious disease it’s best to play it safe. The Parvo virus can live outside the body for up to five months so don’t underestimate fecal matter that appears to have sat for a long while.

    Even though humans themselves can’t get the disease it doesn’t mean that they can’t unknowingly spread it to a dog. The virus can be carried on their person and transmitted to a pet. If a human has any interaction with fecal matter or a place fecal matter once was they can pick up the virus. An example of this is if a dog had a bowel movement in the park and the owner properly cleaned it up, the spot may still be infected. Currently no known disinfectants can rid a surface of the virus. Meaning that even if you use a bag to pick up feces and immediately use disinfectant the virus still can’t be killed. This is a scary thought since no matter how much we clean and try to be sanitary it can still be unknowingly spread to a pet. The same also applies when a dog goes the bathroom on grass, dirt, a tree, etc. We have no way of knowing what pet previously used that spot.

    Vaccinating your pet provides the best protection currently possible. On top of vaccinations, being knowledgeable about the disease and doing your best to avoid it are all that you can do to help your dog live a long Parvo free life. Please note it is especially important to try to thoroughly clean up after a dog that has Parvo. You can also try unconventional treatments for parvo.

    Canine parvovirus is a highly contagious and serious disease in dogs. It can be fatal if not caught early and can affect dogs of all ages but puppies usually are the ones affected. Parvo causes enteritis in dogs. Enteritis occurs when the gastrointestinal tract gets infected; it is what makes this virus particularly dangerous for young puppies under a year and older dogs over 10 years old due to dehydration. Symptoms include vomiting, diarrhea, lethargy, fever and a loss of appetite.

    Dogs with parvo can survive with quick intervention but for some the healing process can be very slow. Many dogs suffer no serious long lasting effects from the virus but there is now a new strain that has been recently discovered. This new strain is called the Canine parvovirus type 2 or CPV-2 and there is no current vaccine to protect against it. Dogs that recover from new strains or had severe cases of parvo might have some lasting effects such as heart issues but the outlook for a dog’s life is generally bright after recovery.

    Prevention is one of the most important things you can do for your dog. The American Veterinary Medical Association recommends vaccinating to protect your puppy from contracting the virus. The parvovirus can be difficult to avoid because the virus is resilient and can live in the environment for extended periods, even up to a year.

    There are some people who disagree with the AVMA about their stance on vaccinations and parvo. The Natural Rearing Breeders Association is a group founded by some veterinarians who discourage against vaccinating because they believe that the foundation of optimal health for dogs is a raw diet. Their belief is a dog that has a natural diet will develop a strong immune system that won’t succumb to diseases and viruses like parvo. Some of their research shows that a puppy that has contracted the virus has a smaller chance of survival if it has already been vaccinated or wormed than one that has not received the vaccination or worming.

    Dogs and puppies that survive can make a full recovery and not develop any health issues or complications. While the majority of dogs that survive make a full recovery, parvo does have a lasting effect on some dogs. Some people have reported their puppies to have stunted growth after recovery. Parvo can also cause brain damage in the later stages so if a puppy has recovered from a severe case, they might suffer from some brain damage. The brain damage might cause some behavior issues such as anxiety and in rare cases, aggression triggered by fear. Some people have reported that their dogs weren’t “right in the head,” after recovering from a severe case.

    Cases where parvo causes brain damage in dogs or puppies are rare. The majority of dogs that recover live normal and full lives. After dealing with a dog that has contracted parvo, the owner has to take precautions to ensure that the virus doesn’t spread to other dogs. This means fully disinfecting everything the dog has come into contact with. The parvovirus is a resilient virus that is very hard to eradicate because if your dog had access to a yard, how do you disinfect an entire yard? Even if it’s a small yard, it might prove to be challenging to disinfect the lawn and dirt patches. Your vet will be able to provide you information on how to disinfect everything and ensure that visiting dogs won’t be at risk of contracting parvo.