Serious Condition: H1N1 Inflenza came unexpectedly and the usual vaccine was not effective and it caused people to get sick with this virus and some succumb to it by getting hospitalized and some died. Later on H1N1 Vaccine was incorporated and given to prevent an epidemic. Read more
Time to see a doctor: 10 days is too long for a common cold. You might have a more serious condition such as pneumonia.. Read more
Needs confirmation: There are a number of other infections beside influenza producing flu-like symptoms. Tamiflu, (oseltamivir) most often prescribed antiviral medine, should also be given within 48 hours from the onset of illness to be beneficial.. Read more
Dehydration: Drink 2 glasses of warm water initially, then 1 glass every 30 min for next two hours, then 1 glass every hour for rest of day. You should be urinating every hour and urine should be clear. Do this for one day and you will feel better much faster.. Read more
MAYBE: Every year a number of flu strains circle the globe and various sites keep track and report their activity. Vaccine makers pick 3-4 strains in early spring to put in the fall shot, based on those with the most activity. Too many strains would weaken the individual strength against each strain. With luck, the vaccine will boost general flu immunity enough to make it mild for those who get it anyway. Read more
Influenza: Without a fever you don't have influenza. You probably have a cold. If you haven't had a flu shot get one. Even though the antigens in the shot don't exactly match the flu strain this year, it should offer some protection and make the flu less severe if you get it. Influenza is sudden (like you were hit by a truck), fevers, chills, runny nose, cough, diffuse aches and rarely GI symptoms.. Read more
Unlikely: Most cold symptoms now can be attributed to the flu although symptoms may vary from one to another. There is nothing 100% in medicine however but it is unlikely that the test result was wrong during this epidemic. In fact, testing is not recommended.. Read more
It could be either.: Bronchitiis has been associated with tamiflu (oseltamivir). Would stop tamiflu (oseltamivir) and call your Dr.. Read more
See below: No all H inluenzae bacteria cause disease. There are six major types and type B causes most infections in humans. There are also other types of bacteria which do not fall into the six known categories and are called untypable. You may consult this site for more info: https://www. Cdc. Gov/hi-disease/index. Html
Wish you good health! - Have a diet rich in fresh vegetables, fruits, whole grains, milk and milk products, nuts, beans, legumes, lentils and small amounts of lean meats. Avoid saturated fats. Drink enough water daily, so that your urine is mostly colorless. Exercise at least 150 minutes/week and increase the intensity of exercise gradually. Do not use tobacco, alcohol, weed or street drugs in any form.
Practice safe sex, if you have sex.. Read more
Possible: Common flu symptoms include fever, headache, body aches, joint pain etc. When the symptoms initially develop it may be possible to feel pain in a single joint. If the pain is due to flu the pain my progress to other joints.. Read more
Learn about the causes of flu and how it is spread.
The flu is an infection of the nose, throat and lungs. It is caused mainly by 2 types of viruses:
The flu spreads very easily from person to person. Even before you notice symptoms, you may spread the virus to others. If you have the virus, you can spread it to others by:
These actions release tiny droplets containing the flu virus into the air.
You can become infected if these droplets land on your:
Human influenza viruses are known to drift, or mutate, from season to season, allowing the viruses to spread through the population a little easier. At the same time, humans are constantly evolving antibodies to fight the viruses. The human immune system contains a range of antibodies that can bind to the flu virus, meaning there is a higher potential for the population to fend off viruses that are slightly unfamiliar, Webby said.
Predicting which strain of the flu will dominate a flu season involves mapping seasonal trends, field testing and, to some degree, guess work. Sometimes, the vaccine is not a good match.
Slight drifts in a dominant influenza virus are not a huge cause for concern, according to health experts. Vaccines can still provide some level of defense against the flu, even when the vaccine is not a perfect match. “It would have to be a very severe drift for a vaccine to provide no protection at all,” Webby said. Despite a mutation in the H3N2, the vaccine has averted roughly a third of the flu cases seen this season, according to the CDC.
The three types of influenza viruses are types A, B and C. Influenza viruses A and B are what cause most of the human infections, with A typically being the more severe of the two. Viruses are made up of seven segments of RNA, or genetic material. “Every so often, one of those segments gets changed very dramatically,” Patrick Schlievert, a professor and chair of microbiology at the University of Iowa, told IBTimes. “Those are the ones that usually bring in a new pandemic.”
The viruses that worry health experts the most are those “coming out of animal reservoirs,” Webby said. They are what health experts call the “pandemic strains” – viruses unfamiliar to the human immune system that suddenly jump into humans.
In 2009, a novel strain of the H1N1 influenza A virus, commonly known as swine flu, made its way to the U.S. The first cases were reported in March in California. The virus killed an estimated 10,000 Americans, including 7,500 young adults and 1,100 children, by December. Health experts estimated that more than 15 percent of the country had been infected with the virus. “If a brand new virus comes in, it’s obviously going to be more severe and effect a greater part of the population,” Schlievert said.
However, even if an unforeseen strain were to make its way into the human population, health officials are, for the most part, prepared. A hundred years of medical advances have equipped physicians with the tools to keep death rates from influenza outbreaks relatively low, Schlievert argued. If the Spanish flu pandemic of 1918, which killed upwards of 30 to 50 million people worldwide, were to happen today, “it might kill 100,000 people,” Schlievert said. “The reason is that medical care is so much better” than it was nearly a century ago, he said.
Bill Bush The Columbus Dispatch @ReporterBush
Flu cases are widespread across the state, with hospitalizations for flu-like symptoms almost doubling to 287 during the first week of January, according to the Ohio Department of Health.
"Influenza-like illness is now widespread throughout Ohio for the first time this flue season, and the number of associated hospitalizations are rising," the department said in a written statement.
The number of hospitalizations for flu symptoms — fever, cough, sore throat, body aces, headache, chills and fatigue — rose from 157 the last week of December, and the total hospitalization since the start of this flu season in October is 654, the department said.
Some people also experience vomiting or diarrhea, according to the CDC. Most people recover in several days to less than two weeks. Children and the elderly are most susceptible to complications of the flu.
The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said flu activity across the country is expected to continue to rise for at least several weeks. Flu season generally lasts through May, and hospitalizations generally peak between December and February, the department said.
Influenza vaccination is the safest and most effective way to prevent the flu in people older than 6 months, the department said. Other ways to avoid it include washing hands, using alcohol-based hand sanitizer, covering coughs and sneezes, avoid touching eyes, noses and mouths, and staying home when sick until you are fever free for 24 hours without using fever-reducing medicines.
"There are no flu vaccine shortages across Ohio," said Sietske de Fijter, chief of the Bureau of Infectious Diseases for the department. "The short time it will take to get a flu vaccine is much less than the time it will take you to recover from the flu."
The department doesn't track the number of aldut flu deaths.
There were 3,691 hospitalizations for flu-like symptoms during the last flu season, according to the state.
Mood swings can be quite severe early in a pregnancy, and may include feelings of euphoria followed by depression or sadness; again, many of these mood swings are similar to emotional changes that women experience during PMS. Pregnancy symptoms such as frequent urination, morning sickness and nausea, and odd food cravings generally begin around 2-3 weeks into the pregnancy; sometimes these symptoms do not occur until 4-6 weeks into the pregnancy.
Some women do not experience a missed period during the first few weeks of pregnancy; a period that occurs during the first weeks of pregnancy may be either normal or abnormal. Abnormal periods that occur during the first few weeks of a pregnancy can include a lighter than normal period, spotting, or a very short period. Of course, any bleeding that occurs when you may be pregnant needs to be checked by a doctor immediately.
If you are experiencing some of these symptoms, and there is a possibility that you can be pregnant, than you should take a pregnancy test as soon as possible. Over the counter urine tests and blood tests performed by a physician detect levels of human chorionic gonadotropin, (HCG), in your blood; this hormone is released by the developing placenta and begins to appear in the blood as little as 5 days after conception.
Over the counter urine tests are up to 97% accurate; these tests are usually not able to detect HCG in your urine until one week after your missed period. Blood tests are up to 99% accurate, and these tests can detect HGC in your blood as soon as 7 days after your ovulation.
It is important for you to confirm your pregnancy as early as possible so that you can begin your prenatal care. Early prenatal care is important to the health of your new baby and you during this time. Once you begin to notice any early pregnancy symptoms, and you believe that you may be pregnant, take a test as soon as you can. If you take an over the counter test and it is positive, have the test confirmed by your physician. Remember to stay relaxed during this time, and try to keep your stress levels down.
Asbestos symptoms are indicators of the serious adverse health problems that are caused by dangerous levels of asbestos exposure. The Occupational Health & Safety Administration estimates that 1.3 million people are exposed to the dangerous of asbestos exposure every year in the work place and should be aware of symptoms of asbestos exposure that may indicate serious underlying health problems. People who work, or have worked, in the shipyard, factory, railroad, construction, automobile, and building industries in the last 60 years may be susceptible to developing asbestos symptoms.
Most deadly diseases that are caused by asbestos exposure lie dormant for years, so it is possible to suffer from the ill effects of asbestos disease without any noticeable asbestos symptoms. Because of disease latency, asbestos symptoms might appear years - even decades - after initial asbestos exposure. Medical experts assign a latency period to malignant mesothelioma of thirty to fifty years. That’s one of the reasons the disease is so difficult to diagnose; the job where the exposure occurred in most instances ended decades prior to the health problems beginning.
The clinical manifestations for asbestos generally appear between twenty and forty years after the asbestos exposure has occurred, or begun. The fibrotic process that impacts the lung tissue in this disease maybe accelerated and is certainly exacerbated by smoking. Asbestosis, characterized by severe breathing restriction, develops in nearly half of all workers who have reached “occupational levels” of asbestos exposure.
The type of asbestos symptoms an individual experiences generally depends on the asbestos-related disease that has been developed. There are various types of asbestos-related conditions; the two most commonly associated with asbestos exposure are asbestosis and mesothelioma. However chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has reached epidemic proportions in the United States and is a condition that asbestos exposure has contributed to in thousands of cases.
Asbestosis symptoms commonly include these conditions:
- Shortness of breath
- Chronic cough
- Chest pain
- Difficulty breathing
- Difficulty with physical exertion
Malignant mesothelioma generally develops in people over the age of sixty five and usually occurs in the chest cavity, arising in the pleura in sixty five to seventy percent of all cases. The other predominant location for mesothelioma cancer cases is the peritoneal lining of the organs in the abdominal cavity. It may also affect the pericardial lining of the heart, in rare cases.
- Shortness of breath
- Chest pain
- Tightness in the chest
- Persistent cough
- Weight Loss
Pleural effusion is also a common development with mesothelioma. This condition is caused by accumulation of excess fluid in the space between the lungs and the chest wall or diaphragm. It can be the cause of chest pain and reduced breathing capacity.
Peritoneal mesothelioma is characterized by abdominal swelling and pain. This symptom can also be the result of fluid accumulation – in this case, within the abdominal cavity. Thickening of the peritoneal tissue can lead to additional symptoms:
- Weight loss
- Obstructed bowels
- Fever and/or night sweats
If you or someone you love is experiencing any symptoms of asbestos exposure, you should visit your doctor right away.
Amphetamine is a strong stimulant that has been used medically for situations when a person needs to be more alert, as in narcolepsy, a health problem that causes a person to fall asleep at any time. It has also been given to pilots and soldiers to keep them awake and alert for long hours. It does its job in these situations, but the side effects of this drug can be dangerous and damaging.
Six to 11 years
One to 10 years
Syrup, 15 mg per 5 mL
MDI = metered dose inhaler.
Information from references 8, 13, and 16 through 20.
Complementary and Alternative Medicine Products. Several of these therapies provide relief from cold symptoms. Vapor rub applied to the chest and neck has been shown to improve cough severity and quality of sleep for the child and parents, but it has a strong smell that children may not tolerate.19 Studies regarding therapeutic use of zinc sulfate show a trend toward decreased duration of cold symptoms when it is taken within the first 24 hours of symptom onset.20 Adverse effects, such as bad taste and nausea, are more common with zinc lozenges than with syrup or tablets.20 Pelargonium sidoides (geranium) extract (Umcka Coldcare) may help resolve cough and sputum production in children with the common cold.18 Buckwheat honey is superior to placebo for reducing frequency of cough, reducing bothersome cough, and improving quality of sleep for the child.16 Honey should not be used in children younger than one year because of the risk of botulism.
Nasal Irrigation and Acetylcysteine. During acute illness, nasal irrigation with saline can help alleviate sore throat, thin nasal secretions, and improve nasal breathing and can reduce the need for nasal decongestants and mucolytics.17 A systematic review of six trials published in the 1990s found that acetylcysteine (commonly used in Europe, but not in the United States, as a mucolytic) may decrease cough after six to seven days of therapy in children older than two years.13 The main adverse effect of acetylcysteine is vomiting.
Inhaled Corticosteroids. Some children with viral cold symptoms also develop wheezing. Although low-dose corticosteroids are ineffective in these children, one review of high-dose inhaled corticosteroids found a trend toward decreased frequency of wheezing episodes that require oral corticosteroids, the duration of episodes, and the number of physician visits.8
Table 3 summarizes therapies that may be effective for cold prophylaxis in children.14, 17, 20 – 22
Therapies That May Be Effective for Common Cold Prophylaxis in Children
One to three years
5 mL twice daily
Have you noticed you no longer smell certain foods very well? If you seem to have more trouble smelling foods like bananas, dill pickles or licorice, you should ask your doctor about Parkinson's.
What is normal?
Your sense of smell can be changed by a cold, flu or a stuffy nose, but it should come back when you are better.
Do you thrash around in bed or act out dreams when you are deeply asleep? Sometimes, your spouse will notice or will want to move to another bed. Sudden movements during sleep may be a sign of Parkinson's disease.
What is normal?
It is normal for everyone to have a night when they 'toss and turn' instead of sleeping. Similarly, quick jerks of the body when initiation sleep or when in lighter sleep are common and often normal.
Trouble Moving or Walking
Do you feel stiff in your body, arms or legs? Have others noticed that your arms don’t swing like they used to when you walk? Sometimes stiffness goes away as you move. If it does not, it can be a sign of Parkinson's disease. An early sign might be stiffness or pain in your shoulder or hips. People sometimes say their feet seem “stuck to the floor.”
What is normal?
If you have injured your arm or shoulder, you may not be able to use it as well until it is healed, or another illness like arthritis might cause the same symptom.
Do you have trouble moving your bowels without straining every day? Straining to move your bowels can be an early sign of Parkinson's disease and you should talk to your doctor.
What is normal?
If you do not have enough water or fiber in your diet, it can cause problems in the bathroom. Also, some medicines, especially those used for pain, will cause constipation. If there is no other reason such as diet or medicine that would cause you to have trouble moving your bowels, you should speak with your doctor.
A Soft or Low Voice