Finding Relief for Your Cough Slideshow

How do health care professionals diagnose the flu (influenza)?

The flu is presumptively diagnosed clinically by the patient's history of association with people known to have the disease and their symptoms listed above. Usually, a quick test (for example, nasopharyngeal swab sample) is done to see if the patient is infected with influenza A or B virus. Most of the tests can distinguish between A and B types. The test can be negative (no flu infection) or positive for types A or B. If it is positive for type A, the person could have a conventional flu strain or a potentially more aggressive strain such as H1N1. Most of the rapid tests are based on PCR technology that identifies the genetic material of the virus. Some rapid influenza diagnostic tests (RIDTs) can screen for influenza in about 10-30 minutes.

Swine flu (H1N1) and other influenza strains like bird flu or H3N2 are definitively diagnosed by identifying the particular surface proteins or genetic material associated with the virus strain. In general, this testing is done in a specialized laboratory. However, doctors' offices are able to send specimens to specialized laboratories if necessary.

Flu is easily spread from person to person both directly and indirectly. The influenza virus can spread to other people in droplets contaminated with the virus. Produced by coughing, sneezing, or even talking, these droplets land near or in the mouth or the nose of uninfected people, and the disease may spread to them. The disease can spread indirectly to others if contaminated droplets land on utensils, dishes, clothing, or almost any surface and then are touched by uninfected people. If the infected person touches their nose or mouth, for example, they transfer or spread the disease to themselves or others.

Quick Guide 10 Foods to Eat When You Have the Flu in Pictures

Most of the illness and death caused by influenza can be prevented by annual influenza vaccination. The CDC's current Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) issued recommendations for everyone 6 months of age and older, who do not have any contraindications to vaccination, to receive a flu vaccine each year.

Flu vaccine (influenza vaccine made from inactivated and sometimes attenuated [noninfective] virus or virus components) is specifically recommended for those who are at high risk for developing serious complications as a result of influenza infection.

A new vaccine type, Fluzone Intradermal, was approved by the FDA in 2011 (for adults 18-64 years of age). This injection goes only into the intradermal area of the skin, not into the muscle (IM) like most conventional flu shots, and uses a much smaller needle than the conventional shots. This killed viral preparation is supposed to be about as effective as the IM shot but claims to produce less pain and fewer side effects (see section below).

Other simple hygiene methods can reduce or prevent some individuals from getting the flu. For example, avoiding kissing, handshakes, and sharing drinks or food with infected people and avoiding touching surfaces like sinks and other items handled by individuals with the flu are good preventive measures. Individuals with the flu should avoid coughing or sneezing on uninfected people; quick hugs are probably okay as long as there is no contact with mucosal surfaces and/or droplets that may contain the virus.

Are there any nasal spray vaccine or flu shot side effects in adults or in children?

Although annual influenza (injectable) vaccination has long been recommended for people in the high-risk groups, many still do not receive the vaccine, often because of their concern about side effects. They mistakenly perceive influenza as merely a nuisance and believe that the vaccine causes unpleasant side effects or that it may even cause the flu. The truth is that influenza vaccine causes no side effects in most people. In the past, patients with egg allergy had restrictions on getting the vaccine. However, extensive research has indicated that there is not enough egg protein in the vaccine to trigger an immune response, and all the recommendations about allergies to eggs has been dropped for the 2017-2018 flu season by several organizations that regulate vaccines. Also, the vaccine is not recommended while individuals have active infections or active diseases of the nervous system. Less than one-third of those who receive the vaccine have some soreness at the vaccination site, and about 5%-10% experience mild side effects, such as headache, low-grade fever, or muscle cramps, for about a day after vaccination; some may develop swollen lymph nodes. These side effects are most likely to occur in children who have not been exposed to the influenza virus in the past. The intradermal shots reportedly have similar side effects as the IM shot but are less intense and may not last as long as the IM shot.

Nevertheless, some older people remember earlier influenza vaccines that did, in fact, produce more unpleasant side effects. Vaccines produced from the 1940s to the mid-1960s were not as highly purified as modern influenza vaccines, and it was these impurities that caused most of the side effects. Since the side effects associated with these early vaccines, such as fever, headache, muscle aches, and/or fatigue and malaise, were similar to some of the symptoms of influenza, people believed that the vaccine had caused them to get the flu. However, injectable influenza vaccine produced in the United States has never been capable of causing influenza because it consists of killed virus.

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Free screenings, flu shots offered in January 4

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Serbia Announces Early School Break Citing H1N1 5

Halton Region reminds residents to get the flu shot 1

Flu vaccine available at several Halton Hills locations 3

Halton Region reminding residents to get the flu shot 1

Doctors: Flu season can be fatal 1

6 things you need to know about getting the flu shot in Ontario 4

Kids get swine flu from pigs at state fairs, CDC reports 1

Flu shot available at doctors' offices, pharmacies and community clinics across Halton 1

The flu vaccine is probably useless 2

Local flu shot clinics set for Oct. 20, Nov. 4 6

Should you wait to get your flu shot? Some say yes 1

More than 800 gastro cases hit ACT emergency departments in past three months 5

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Influenza (also known as the flu) is a contagious respiratory illness caused by flu viruses. It can cause mild to severe illness, and at times can lead to death. The flu is different from a cold. The flu usually comes on suddenly. People who have the flu often feel some or all of these symptoms:

  • Fever* or feeling feverish/chills
  • Cough
  • Sore throat
  • Runny or stuffy nose
  • Muscle or body aches
  • Headaches
  • Fatigue (tiredness)
  • Some people may have vomiting and diarrhea, though this is more common in children than adults.

Most people who get influenza will recover in several days to less than two weeks, but some people will develop complications as a result of the flu. A wide range of complications can be caused by influenza virus infection of the upper respiratory tract (nasal passages, throat) and lower respiratory tract (lungs). While anyone can get sick with flu and become severely ill, some people are more likely to experience severe flu illness. Young children, adults aged 65 years and older, pregnant women, and people with certain chronic medical conditions are among those groups of people who are at high risk of serious flu complications, possibly requiring hospitalization and sometimes resulting in death. For example, people with chronic lung disease are at higher risk of developing severe pneumonia.

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Influenza, or the the flu, is a contagious respiratory illness caused by an airborne virus. Influenza viruses are divided into three types: A, B and C. Type A and B viruses are the most serious and are responsible for the flu epidemics experienced nearly every winter. Type C viruses typically cause a very minor respiratory illness and may result in no symptoms at all. The annual flu vaccine targets types A and B. While type A and B viruses differ in origin, the symptoms are the same.

Unlike a cold, the flu usually comes on suddenly. Symptoms can be moderate to severe and typically include fever, chills, nonproductive cough, sore throat, runny or stuffy nose, muscle and body aches, headache and fatigue. Some who get the flu may also experience vomiting and diarrhea, although this is more common in children than adults. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, fever is common but does not always accompany the flu. Any fever and body aches usually last 3 to 5 days, but the cough and fatigue may last up to 2 weeks or longer. Complications can be serious and include pneumonia, bronchitis and sinus and ear infections. Young children, the elderly, pregnant women and those with compromised immune systems are at greater risk for complications.

The flu is passed from person to person through the air. When an infected person coughs or sneezes, airborne droplets can land in the mouth or nose -- or even be inhaled into the lungs -- of others nearby. A person might also become infected by touching a surface that has the virus on it, such as a door knob, and then touching his mouth or nose. Adults are thought to be contagious 1 day before showing symptoms and 5 to 7 days after becoming sick. Children may be contagious for longer than 7 days. Symptoms usually appear within 1 to 4 days of the virus entering the body. Some people may have the flu virus and remain asymptomatic but still pass the virus to others.

Contact your doctor if you have flu symptoms. Treatment is aimed at reducing the severity of symptoms and may include medications to relieve aches and fever, bed rest and plenty of fluids. Your doctor may also prescribe antiviral medications. When started within the first 2 days, they can reduce the duration of symptoms.

The CDC recommends that everyone 6 months old and older get the annual flu vaccine. The vaccine is especially important for high-risk groups, including young children, pregnant women and the elderly. While the vaccine doesn’t protect against all flu viruses, it does protect against those that research indicates will be most prevalent, including type A viruses. In addition to getting the vaccine, avoid close contact with sick people. If you are sick with the flu, stay home and minimize contact with others until you are fever free for at least 24 hours. Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when you cough or sneeze, and dispose of tissues properly. Wash your hands often with soap and water. Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth.

Learn about the symptoms of flu, what to look for and what to do if you become ill.

Some people get mildly ill, while others get very sick.

Flu symptoms usually include the sudden appearance of:

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I hope it inspires others as well. They do offer coaches for a fee, but I’m doing it on my own. There are a number of vegetables that contain protein. I have never been good at eating vegetable, but juicing is completely different. It’s like getting Chinese food, or a bowl of vegetable soup, when they’re mixed together it’s a different animal.

And for the lady that has colitis, I have that too. I add cabbage into my juice because it is suppose to be able to heal ulcers.

I guess when you’re in great pain, you hold onto anything that gives you (temporary) pleasure, like Tab, because it’s easier than giving it up. As a person in the movie said, he wasn’t in denial that he had diabetes; he was just in denial that he had to do something about it. I guess that’s been me. I congratulate all of you who have succeeded in quitting your addictions and I hope I will join your ranks quickly.

For Diane Flemming I send my prayers. I wish that any evidence they found later could help her, but I guess as long as people are being paid off to allow these poisons into people it doesn’t seem like it’s possible… but I like to believe anything is possible. I hope she gets her miracle and is released.

As for all these people who are causing harm to people around the globe I wish somehow we could find a way to stop them. Either way I believe in Karma, and I’m so thankful I don’t have theirs. We need government leaders that refuse payoffs/job opportunities, and will follow the laws they make to protect the public.

Thank you all for sharing, it is so appreciated and helpful.

Regardless of age, a woman's hormones all work together like a symphony; if one part of the orchestra is not functioning properly, then the melody you produce is out of tune. Signs of hormonal imbalance in women are a very real quality of life issue. All women need to be aware these signs of hormone imbalance.

Over the last 100 years as we have doubled our life expectancy, the soft tissue glands which create our hormones are being forced to produce them longer than ever. Our increasingly stressful lives, worsening nutrition and lack of proper fitness combine to result in declining levels of hormones in our bodies.

Even when only one unbalanced hormone is present, it may result in the following hormonal imbalance symptoms in women.

Symptoms of Hormonal Imbalance in Women:

That beautiful, tuned melody that we look for is your optimal health, free from premenopause symptoms and menopausal symptoms. Women with balanced hormones integrated with proper nutrition and fitness can have a better quality of life as they age.

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  • starkes Krankheitsgefühl
  • plötzlich auftretendes, hohes Fieber
  • Halsschmerzen
  • Husten
  • Schnupfen, laufende Nase

Darüber hinaus verursacht der Virus-Infekt oft folgende Symptome:

  • Schüttelfrost
  • starke Kopf-, Muskel-, Rücken- und Gliederschmerzen
  • Schmerzen hinter dem Brustbein
  • Heiserkeit
  • Luftnot
  • Übelkeit
  • Appetitlosigkeit
  • massive Erschöpfung

Zunächst ähneln die Symptome einer Grippe denen einer Erkältung. Große Unterschiede zeigen sich erst im Krankheitsverlauf und in Schwere der Erkrankung. Ein erster Indikator für eine echte Grippe ist der plötzliche und heftige Beginn, der sich keineswegs schleichend ankündigt. Mehrere Symptome treten gleichzeitig und intensiv auf, während Anzeichen einer Erkältung sich erst nach und nach entwickeln. Bei einer Influenza kommt es schnell zu einem typischen Symptom: das hohe Fieber, welches eine Temperatur von 39 bis 41 Grad Celsius erreichen kann und tagelang anhält. Der Puls geht schneller, es kommt zu Schweißausbrüchen, gesteigerter Atmung, glänzenden Augen, Schwindel, Wahrnehmungsstörungen und Verwirrtheit. Weiterhin kann das Fieber Krämpfe auslösen. Eine mögliche Therapie besteht, nach Rücksprache mit dem Arzt, in der Behandlung durch Medikamente, die das Fieber senken können. Weiterhin fördert das geschwächte Immunsystem von Grippepatienten, die Entwicklung von bakteriellen Infektionen. Es kann somit insbesondere bei älteren Menschen zu Komplikationen kommen. Entzündungen des Nervensystems und Lungenentzündungen sind mögliche Folgen.

Der Virus-Infekt ist schon während der Inkubationszeit, also dem Zeitraum zwischen Infektion und Ausbruch einer Erkrankung, ansteckend. Die Inkubationszeit beträgt bei einer Grippe ein paar Stunden bis drei Tage. Nach Ausbruch der Influenza besteht die Gefahr einer Ansteckung dann noch etwa drei bis fünf Tage. Kinder können das Virus sogar bis zu sieben Tage, nach Auftreten der ersten Symptome, weitergeben.

Wie sieht die Behandlung einer Grippe (Influenza) aus?

Die Therapie der Grippe hängt davon ab, ob die Erkrankung als mild oder schwer eingestuft wird und, ob eine zusätzliche Infektion mit Bakterien vorliegt. In vielen Fällen können Patienten lediglich durch eine symptomatische Behandlung versuchen, die Beschwerden der Krankheit zu lindern. Je nach Fall ist es bei einer Virusgrippe ratsam, nach Rücksprache mit dem behandelnden Arzt, spezielle Grippemittel oder Antibiotika einzusetzen.

Die Aktivität der akuten Atemwegserkrankungen durch das Virus ist in der 2. Kalenderwoche im Jahr 2018 deutschlandweit gesunken. In der laufenden Grippe-Saison sind nach Angaben des Robert Koch Instituts bislang 14 Betroffene gestorben, von denen sechs mit Influenza-B-Viren infiziert waren. Ein Großteil der Patienten (79 Prozent) war 60 Jahre oder älter. Seit der 40. Meldewoche im Jahr 2017 wurden insgesamt 6.433 Influenzainfektionen bestätigt.

Wie kann ich mich umfassend gegen das Virus schützen?

Die Grippeimpfung wird nicht von allen gesetzlichen Krankenkassen übernommen. Falls Sie zur Risikogruppe gehören, kann das negative Konsequenzen für Ihre Gesundheit bedeuten. Sollten Sie sich schützen wollen, obwohl Ihre Kasse nicht zahlt, müssen Sie ein Privatrezept in Anspruch nehmen und die Impfung beim Arzt selbst finanzieren.

Wenn Sie Ihre Gesundheit durch umfassende Schutzimpfungen sicherstellen wollen, profitieren Sie von dem DFV-AmbulantSchutz. Unsere Kranken­zusatz­versicherung übernimmt nicht nur die Kosten für alle Schutzimpfungen, die die Ständige Impfkommission am Robert Koch-Institut (STIKO) empfiehlt. Der DFV-AmbulantSchutz leistet auch für weitere sinnvolle Schutzimpfungen und Vorsorgeuntersuchungen. Der Versicherungsschutz gewährleistet die Übernahme Ihrer gesetzlichen Zuzahlungen sowie Schutz­impfungen als Prophylaxe für Auslandsreisen.

Bei der Deutschen Familienversicherung erhalten Sie 100 % Kostenerstattung für ambulante Behandlungen, ganz einfach und vernünftig

A new Yeast Infection & Candida breakthrough that has already helped over 17,542 sufferers in New York and millions worldwide end their Yeast Infection or Candida is currently being attacked by large pharmaceutical companies.

This new breakthrough shared in this online video has helped sufferers cure their Yeast Infection or Candida with no side effects and end the need for prescription dugs. Best of all this can all be accomplished with just a few items found in your local grocery store.

However many angry and greedy pharmaceutical companies have requested government organizations in United States to ban the new groundbreaking online video that reveals how to naturally eliminate a Yeast Infection or Candida.

They claim it is against capitalistic practices and that it would destroy the pharmaceutical industry. They are afraid it will effect their bottom line and put them out of business.

Want to learn how to eliminate your Yeast Infection or Candida? Simply watch this video while you still can.

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Elderberry extract is by far my favorite cold remedy, or rather preventive remedy. I no longer get colds, because I always take elderberry extract at the first sign of one. I do not fear catching the flu, because elderberry extract is such a great anti-viral agent.
I have to disagree with one thing I read about elderberry in the People’s Pharmacy Herb Library: “Prudence suggests that pregnant women and nursing mothers should not use elderberry.” This was written right after a section about dangers of toxicity from elderberry leaves and stems, which pregnant or nursing women might indeed want to avoid. But I’ve heard from a well-known herbalist that elderberry extract can be taken by a nursing woman who’s baby has a cold, to help the baby recover faster. And pregnant women will want to do their own research, but personally, if I were pregnant and felt a cold or flu coming on, I would not hesitate to use elderberry extract. I feel that it is perfectly safe, whereas there could possibly be problems for babies whose mothers get sick during gestation, especially if they wind up taking OTC medicines for cold or flu symptoms.

Tonsils and their function

The tonsils are two small sacs of lymphoid tissue near the root of the tongue. Normal tonsils are usually about the same size and have the same pink color as the surrounding area.

Tonsils form Waldeyer's tonsillar ring -- a ring of lymphatic tissue around the entrance of the pharynx. The tonsils are named according to their location. The palatine tonsils are located on the lateral walls of the oropharynx. The lingual tonsils are located at the base of the tongue. The adenoids (pharyngeal tonsils) are high in the throat behind the nose and the roof of the mouth (soft palate), and are not easily visible through the mouth. The tubal tonsils are located in the roof of the nasopharynx.

The basic function of tonsils and adenoids is to help the body to build up immunity to infectious organisms entering into the body through the mouth or nose. They protect the throat and lungs from infection.

Tonsils and adenoids are most active in childhood when many infections are encountered for the first time, and reach the full size when the child is six or seven. The tonsils work as a filter which fights and protects the entire human system against the foreign organisms. Tonsils produce antibodies, which fight against the infection, stopping its further spread to other parts of the body.

The most common problems occurring with the tonsils are recurrent or chronic infections and significant enlargement (adenotonsillar hyperplasia).

Tonsillitis is an inflammatory condition of the tonsils due to bacteria, virus, allergies, or respiratory problems. The term tonsillitis generally refers to inflammation of the palatine tonsils. When inflamed, tonsils become swollen and red with a grayish or yellowish coating. Tonsillitis usually begins with a sudden sore throat and painful swallowing. Tonsillitis causes tonsils and throat tissues to swell obstructing air from passing in and out of the respiratory system. The tonsils infection is common in children and teenagers but rare in adults.

Acute Tonsillitis
Acute tonsillitis is an infection of the tonsils caused bacteria or viruses. Acute tonsillitis lasts for about 4 to 6 days. It is an uncomplicated form which commonly affects children of ages 5-10.

Chronic Tonsillitis
Chronic tonsillitis is a persistent infection of the tonsils and can cause tiny stone formation. It is diagnosed when a sore throat is present for at least 3 months with tonsillar inflammation, and tender cervical nodes. Persistent tonsillar infections can lead to enlargement of tonsils. Despite antibiotic treatment, the tonsillar area can remain infected.

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Relapsing into an addictive behavior is common for anyone dealing with addiction disorders. Recognizing and preparing for relapse is often a part of the treatment process. Identifying situations that would trigger excessive Internet use and generating ways to deal with these situations can greatly reduce the possibility of total relapse.

Although extensive studies have not yet been done, treatment appears to be effective in maintaining and changing the behavior of people drawn to excessive use of the Internet. If the disorder is left untreated, the person may experience an increased amount of conflict in his or her relationships. Excessive Internet use may jeopardize a person's employment or academic standing. In addition, such physical problems may develop as fatigue, carpal tunnel syndrome, back pain, and eyestrain.

If a person knows that he or she has difficulty with other forms of addictive behavior, they should be cautious in exploring the types of application that are used on the Internet. In addition, it is important for people to engage in social activities outside the Internet. Finally, mental health workers should investigate ways in which to participate in the implementation of new technology rather than waiting for its aftereffects.

Young, K. S. Caught in the Net. New York, NY: John Wiley and Sons, Inc., 1998.

Beard, K., and E. Wolf. "Modification in the Proposed Diagnostic Criteria for Internet Addiction." Cyberpsychology & Behavior 4 (2001): 377-383.

Beard, K. "Internet Addiction: Current Status and Implication for Employees." Journal of Employment Counseling 39 (2002): 2-11.

Griffiths, M. "Psychology of Computer Use: XLIII. Some Comments on 'Addictive Use of the Internet' by Young." Psychological Reports 80 (1997): 81-81.

Kraut, R., M. Patterson, V. Lundmark, S. Kiesler, T. Mukopadhyay, and W. Scherlis. "Internet Paradox: A Social Technology That Reduces Social Involvement and Psychological Well-Being?" American Psychologist 53 (1998): 1017-1031.

Vertigo is a condition in which you feel off-balance and dizzy, as if you or your surroundings are moving, spinning, or swaying. It can lead to nausea and disability. Vertigo is most common in elderly people, but it can affect both sexes at any age. It may be a temporary or permanent condition.

Optimal treatment can reduce the frequency of relapses and slow disease progression. Assess your symptoms and personal journey as a step in guiding your care.

The organ of balance is the vestibular system in the ear, a tiny grid of fluid-filled tubes and sacs. There are two identical vestibular systems, located in the labyrinth of each inner ear. As you move, the liquid in the tubes also moves about, and its levels are read by nerve cells. The information is sent to the brain, which uses it to calculate which way is down and what should be the horizontal level.

Any problems with balance originate in the vestibular system, so people who suffer from frequent vertigo are said to have a vestibular disorder. Balance problems may be associated with a ringing in the ears or loss of hearing. Vertigo can also be caused by changes in the parts of the brain (cerebellum and brain stem) that are also involved in controlling balance.

Major causes of vertigo include the following:

  • benign paroxysmal positional vertigo: This is a common form of vertigo, usually brought on by specific head positions or movements. It is caused by calcium deposits in the inner ear balance organ that periodically become dislodged and cause symptoms.
  • head trauma: People who have received a violent blow on the head can suffer temporary or permanent damage to the inner ear, causing balance problems.
  • labyrinthitis: Untreated bacterial infections of the middle ear can get into the inner ear and damage the labyrinth and also cause hearing loss.
  • neuronitis: Viral neuronitis is really just viral labyrinthitis that affects the nerves of the vestibular system and not the cochlea (the organ for hearing). However, neuronitis can also be caused by a blood clot lodged in the tiny blood vessels that feed the inner ear.
  • Ménière's disease: This was once called watchmaker's disease because it tends to strike people who do precise, intricate work that requires concentration and careful control of the hands for long periods. Nobody knows what causes Ménière's disease.

Some antibiotics can damage the vestibular system in high doses or with prolonged use. Acetylsalicylic acid* (ASA), caffeine, alcohol, nicotine, sedatives, tranquilizers, and several illegal drugs can cause temporary dizziness but do no permanent damage to the balance organs once they are stopped.

Create a personalized Doctor Discussion Guide to help ensure you are getting optimal treatment in managing your MS.

Vertigo is the primary symptom of any balance disorder. If you close your eyes during an episode of vertigo, you'll feel as if you're spinning or falling. Severe vertigo can cause vomiting and stop you from walking.

Because the vestibular system is linked to the brain's movement centre and to the eyes, some people with vestibular disorders find their vision is affected, or their muscles are poorly coordinated or don't go where they're supposed to. The muscles may ache, particularly in the neck and back.

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    Bleiben Sie informiert mit dem Newsletter von netdoktor.at

    Autoren:
    Dr. med. Peter Mahlknecht, Univ. Prof. Dr. Franz X. Heinz, Univ. Prof. Dr. Theresia Popow-Kraupp
    Medizinisches Review:
    Theresia Popow-Kraupp
    Redaktionelle Bearbeitung:
    Mag. (FH) Silvia Hecher, MSc

    Stand der Information: Februar 2015

    Quellen: Robert Koch Institut, http://www.rki.de (Stand 5.11.2010)
    Bundesministerium für Gesundheit, http://www.bmg.gv.at (Stand 5.11.2010)
    Österreichische Agentur für Gesundheit und Ernährungssicherheit GmbH (AGES), http://www.ages.at (Stand 5.11.2010)
    Antiinfektiva – Behandlung von Infektionen. Initiative Arznei und Vernunft, Pharmig - Verband der pharmazeutischen Industrie Österreich, 2. Auflage, Dezember 2010 ( http://www.pharmig.at/uploads/AuV_Antiinfektiva_LL_5809_DE.pdf)

    Hallo erstmal, Ich (m) bin 22 Jahre alt und Student. Normalerweise bin ich eigentlic.

    Kann eine Grippe auch zu Meningitis führen? Ich liege im Bett mit Fieber, Husten und.

    Hallo, ich komme gerade von einem KA-Termin mit meiner kleinen Tochter (7,5 Monate).

    Die Influenza-Saison beginnt wie jedes Jahr mit einem Impfaufruf. Impfen lassen, ja oder nein? netdoktor hilft bei der Entscheidungsfindung.

    Haemophilus influenzae ist ein Bakterium, von dem früher fälschlicherweise angenommen wurde, dass es der "echten Grippe" (Influenza) zugrunde liegt, …

    Die Impfung gegen die Influenza soll vor der "echten Grippe" schützen. Besonders kranke und ältere Menschen sollten diese in Erwägung ziehen.

    Myositis is the medical term for muscle inflammation. In myositis, inflammation damages the fibers of a muscle. This causes muscles to be weak by interfering with the ability of the muscles to contract. Although myositis can cause muscle aches and muscle tenderness, weakness is usually the dominant symptom.

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    On 14th April 2016 Dr Tom Frieden, the head of the CDC, confirmed that the Zika Virus does indeed cause Microcephaly and several other birth defects in babies. He stated that 'This study marks a turning point in the Zika outbreak. It is now clear that the virus causes microcephaly'. The Zika virus was previously beleived to have caused the birth defects seen in newborn babies, characterized by unusually small heads, and this has now been confirmed by the CDC.

    Kids and teens with mononucleosis (mono) can have flu-like symptoms (like a fever, muscle aches, tiredness, and a sore throat), which go away on their own after a few weeks of rest and plenty of fluids.

    Mono usually is caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), a very common virus that most kids are exposed to at some point while growing up. Infants and young kids infected with EBV typically have very mild symptoms or none at all. But teens and young adults who become infected often develop mono.

    Mono is spread through kissing, coughing, sneezing, or any contact with the saliva of someone who has been infected with the virus. (That's how mono got nicknamed "the kissing disease.") It also can spread by sharing a straw or an eating utensil. Researchers believe that mono may be spread sexually as well.

    People who have been infected with EBV will carry the virus for the rest of their lives — even if they never have any signs or symptoms of mono. Those who did have mono symptoms probably will not get sick or have symptoms again.

    Although EBV is the most common cause of mono, other viruses, such as cytomegalovirus (sy-toe-meh-guh-low-VY-rus), can cause a similar illness. Like EBV, cytomegalovirus stays in the body for life and may not cause any symptoms.

    Symptoms usually show up about 4 to 7 weeks after infection with the virus and can include:

    • being very tired
    • fever
    • sore throat with swollen tonsils that may have white patches
    • loss of appetite
    • swollen lymph nodes (commonly called glands, located in the neck, underarms, and groin)
    • headaches
    • sore muscles
    • weakness
    • larger-than-normal liver or spleen
    • skin rash
    • abdominal pain

    Mono symptoms usually go away within 2 to 4 weeks. In some teens, though, the tiredness and weakness can last for months.

    To make a diagnosis, the doctor may do a blood test and physical exam to check for things like swollen tonsils and an enlarged liver or spleen, which often is a sign of the infection.

    Doctors recommend that kids who get mono avoid sports for at least a month after symptoms are gone because the spleen usually is enlarged temporarily from the illness. An enlarged spleen can rupture easily — causing internal bleeding and abdominal pain — and require emergency surgery.

    So vigorous activities, contact sports, weightlifting, cheerleading, or even wrestling with siblings or friends should be avoided until the doctor says it's OK.

    Most kids who get mono recover completely with no problems. In rare cases, though, complications can happen. These can include problems with the liver or spleen, anemia, meningitis, trouble breathing, or inflammation of the heart.

    There is no vaccine to protect again the Epstein-Barr virus. But you can help protect your kids from mono by making sure that they avoid close contact with anyone who has it.

    Many people who have mono won't have symptoms, but they can still pass it to others. So kids should wash their hands well and often, and not share drinks or eating utensils with others, even people who seem healthy.

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    • Internal Exposure: Delirium, muscle weakness,lack of coordination
    • External Exposure: Minimal
    • Chronic Exposure: Weakness and lack of coordination in arms and legs; difficulty in talking and swallowing


    Type of Pesticide: Herbicides, defoliants

    Action on Human System: Injury to intestinal lining, nervous system, and kidneys

    • Internal Exposure: Swelling of mouth and throat; pain in esophagus, stomach, and intestines; restlessness
    • External Exposure: Irritant
    • Chronic Exposure:


    Type of Pesticide: Herbicides

    Action on Human System: Irritants

    • Internal Exposure:
    • External Exposure: Moderately irritating to skin and eyes
    • Chronic Exposure:


    Type of Pesticide: Herbicides

    Action on Human System: Irritant

    • Internal Exposure:
    • External Exposure: Mild irritants; propachlor is a skin irritant and sensitizer
    • Chronic Exposure:

    Chemical Family: Alumino Flouride Salt - cryolite(C), Kryocide(T)


    Type of Pesticide: Insecticide

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    In general, coughs and colds are not dangerous conditions. They might be annoying and make you feel awful, but neither presents a real risk to your health or the health of your baby.

    However, if you are ill for more than a few days, develop a high fever, have a severe sore throat, or are worried that your symptoms seem unusual, you may have the flu, strep throat or a sinus infectio, and should see your doctor right away. The flu is much worse than the common cold and can make pregnant women much sicker than those who are not pregnant. Protect yourself against the flu by getting your flu vaccination eartly on. It is recommended for all pregnant women.

    Sinus infections are relatively common in pregnancy because of the increased nasal congestion, and fighting one may require the use of antibiotics. If you have asthma, you should pay special attention to your breathing and see your practitioner without delay if you are having difficulty.

    If you develop a severe cough, rest assured that the fetus is protected inside your uterus, and you cannot cough so hard that you miscarry or go into labor. However, the loss of urine is, unfortunately, pretty common. The best thing you can do about stress urinary continence is to empty your bladder frequently and practice your kegel exercises.

    Coughs and colds are usually caused by viruses, which do not benefit from antibiotics, and so must run their course. Medical treatment can relieve symptoms so that you feel better, but it won't make you get better any faster. With the exception for treating fever, it often is fine to simply tough it out if you don't want to take any medications. Here are tips to help you alleviate some of the discomfort that can accompany a cold.

    • Drink plenty of fluids, as this will help to thin secretions. Water, chicken soup (Jewish penicillin), juices, and warm tea are good sources.

  • Use a humidifier. Place it close to your face when you sleep. During the day, you can make a tent out of a sheet draped over your head. Stay under the tent for 15 minutes, three or four times a day.

  • Rub a mentholated product (like Vicks Vaporub) on your chest according to package instructions.

  • For nasal stuffiness, use saline drops. You can buy these at drugstores or prepare a solution at home. Just dissolve 1/4 teaspoon salt in 8-ounces of water. Place a few drops in each nostril, wait 5 to 10 minutes, and then gently blow your nose.

  • To make breathing easier, sleep in a recliner or prop up your head with lots of pillows so that you are in a semi-upright position.

  • Take a warm shower. This can help clear nasal stuffiness and mucus.

  • Get plenty of rest.

    While it is generally best to avoid exposing a fetus to medications, especially in the first trimester when its organs are forming, sometimes drugs are necessary either for medical reasons or for symptom relief. (For more information, see Medications in Pregnancy: General Principles, which explains the FDA's safety classes for medicines.)

    • Decongestants: This group of medications is used to treat colds or allergies. Pseudoephedrine (Sudafed), an FDA category C drug (to be used only if the benefits outweigh the risks), can be bought over the counter and is present in antihistamines as well as in cold remedies. These medications are not recommended for anyone who has high blood pressure, pregnant or not. If possible, avoid taking pseudoephedrine in the first trimester.

  • Cough suppressants and expectorants: Dextromethorphan, a common ingredient found in cough and cold medications (such as Robitussin), is probably safe for use in pregnancy. While the FDA has labeled it category C, some large studies suggest that it does not cause any increase in birth defects or complications of pregnancy. Guaifenesin is an expectorant in many cough and cold medicines. It, too, is listed under category C but is probably safe as well.

    Pain is bad because it hurts. Fever is bad because it overheats the fetus. Fever is unhealthy for the fetus throughout pregnancy, but high fever in the first trimester is especially worrisome since it is thought to be responsible for certain birth defects, including problems in brain and spine development. It's generally best to follow this rule: If you get a fever in pregnancy, take medications to bring it down, and if you cannot reduce your temperature, call your doctor.

    • Fever: Fever also increases sweating and fluid loss, so be sure to drink lots of cool fluids when you have a high temperature. Most pregnant women can take acetaminophen (Tylenol) throughout the pregnancy without a problem. If you are a heavy drinker (three or more drinks a day), you need to discuss this with your practitioner, not only because alcohol and acetaminophen can be a lethal combination, but also because drinking while pregnant has health implications for your baby. Ibuprofen is probably safe to take in the first and second trimesters, but it may cause problems for the baby's circulation after 32 weeks' gestation so always check with your doctor before taking it. Aspirin is usually not recommended in pregnancy. A persistent fever or severe illness in pregnancy always warrants a call to your doctor.

  • Zinc Lozenges: Zinc lozenges (and more recently, nasal sprays) have been used to speed recovery from the common cold. Lower doses of Zinc are safe, and there is currently no reliable information about the safety of using zinc lozenges while pregnant.